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Lumbar decompression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149145/endoscopic-epidural-laser-decompression-versus-transforaminal-epiduroscopic-laser-annuloplasty-for-lumbar-disc-herniation-a-prospective-randomized-trial
#1
Chang Hong Park, Sang Ho Lee
BACKGROUND: Lumbar radicular pain often results from lumbar disc herniation, spinal stenosis, or degenerative spondylolisthesis. Minimally invasive disc decompression procedures, such as nucleo-annuloplasty or epiduroscopic neural decompression by laser, have been devised to treat such pain. OBJECTIVE: The short-term outcomes of disc decompression by endoscopic epidural laser decompression (EELD) or transforaminal epiduroscopic laser annuloplasty (TELA) were compared in patients with lumbar radicular pain due to disc herniation...
November 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145287/transforaminal-endoscopy-in-lumbar-burst-fracture-a-case-report
#2
Yuanyi Wang, Cong Ning, Liyu Yao, Xiuying Huang, Chengliang Zhao, Bin Chen, Nan Zhang
RATIONALE: Lumbar burst fractures are frequent injury resulting from high-energy trauma, and the patients suffer from pain and the neurologic dysfunction. Although minimally invasive techniques have advanced rapidly, it was the first time to apply transforaminal endoscopic combined with percutaneous pedicle screw fixation to treatment of lumbar burst fractures. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 33-year-old man underwent Magerl type A3.1 burst fracture at L2 and compression fractures at L3 due to falling from a height with severe lower back pain, sensory loss, and atony of the right leg...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133715/minimally-invasive-lateral-foraminotomy-with-partial-lateral-facetectomy-for-lumbar-radiculopathy-an-evaluation-of-facet-integrity-and-description-of-the-procedure
#3
Akshay Hari, Murali Krishna, Santosh Rajagandhi, Ankit Sharma, Rajakumar V Deshpande
Foraminal stenosis causing nerve root compression and radiculopathy is a relatively common pathology in the lumbar spine. The treatment of choice, when surgery is indicated, is foraminal decompression at the affected level, usually through a conventional midline open foraminotomy. Minimally invasive lateral foraminotomy with partial lateral facetectomy is a potentially effective surgical alternative when such a surgery is warranted. The evaluation of the efficacy and benefits of this approach for treatment of radiculopathy; an assessment of facet integrity; and, a detailed description of the procedure are also provided...
November 2017: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133325/minimally-invasive-surgery-versus-open-surgery-in-the-treatment-of-lumbar-spondylolisthesis-study-protocol-of-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial-misos-trial
#4
Mark P Arts, Jasper Fc Wolfs, Jos Ma Kuijlen, Godard Cw de Ruiter
INTRODUCTION: Patients with symptomatic spondylolisthesis are frequently treated with nerve root decompression, in addition to pedicle screw fixation and interbody fusion. Minimally invasive approaches are gaining attention in recent years, although there is no clear evidence supporting the proclamation of minimally invasive spine surgery (MISS) being better than open surgery. We present the design of the MISOS (Minimal Invasive Surgery versus Open Surgery) trial on the effectiveness of MISS versus open surgery in patients with degenerative or spondylolytic spondylolisthesis...
November 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133000/effectiveness-of-a-decision-making-protocol-for-the-surgical-treatment-of-lumbar-stenosis-with-grade-1-degenerative-spondylolisthesis
#5
Victor E Staartjes, Marc L Schröder
BACKGROUND: The addition of fusion to decompression for stenosis with Grade I degenerative spondylolisthesis is a controversial topic, and the question remains if fusion provides any real benefit to the patient that warrants the increased healthcare utilization and perioperative morbidity. In addition, there is no consensus on indications for the use of fusion over decompression alone. METHODS: Patients received fusion or decompression according to a decision-making protocol based on their pattern of complaints, the location of the compression, as well as facet angles and effusion as proven predictors of postoperative instability...
November 10, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131234/the-role-of-triangular-vertebral-canal-shape-in-surgical-management-of-patients-with-lumbar-spinal-stenosis-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Huseyin Bozkurt, İsmail Kaya, Bilge Oztoprak
AIM: We assessed the role of triangular vertebral canal shape (VCS) in pain severity, pain-related findings, and postoperative satisfaction in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) who had undergone decompressive surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study conducted at a single center included 61 consecutive patients who had undergone surgical treatment for LSS. By comparing pre- and postoperative data, the role of triangular VCS in pain severity [assessed using a visual analog scale (VAS)], pain-related findings, and postoperative satisfaction of patients was examined...
October 18, 2017: Turkish Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122701/predictors-of-quality-of-life-improvement-after-surgery-for-metastatic-tumors-of-the-spine-prospective-cohort-study
#7
Ori Barzilai, Lily McLaughlin, Mary-Kate Amato, Anne S Reiner, Shahiba Q Ogilvie, Eric Lis, Yoshiya Yamada, Mark H Bilsky, Ilya Laufer
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Surgical decompression and stabilization followed by radiosurgery represents an effective method for local tumor control and neurologic preservation for patients with metastatic epidural spinal cord compression. We have previously demonstrated improvement in HrQOL after this combined modality treatment ("hybrid therapy"). PURPOSE: The current analysis focuses on delineation of patient-specific prognostic factors predictive of HrQOL change after combined surgery-SRS treatment of MESCC...
November 6, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119334/percutaneous-endoscopic-lumbar-discectomy-for-high-grade-down-migrated-disc-using-a-trans-facet-process-and-pedicle-complex-approach-a-technical-case-series
#8
Qing-Feng Hu, Hao Pan, Yi-You Fang, Gao-Yong Jia
PURPOSE: The use of conventional percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy (PELD) for high-grade down-migrated lumbar disc herniation medial to the pedicle via the transforaminal route can result in less favorable outcomes. We report a new PELD technique for the treatment of high-grade down-migrated lumbar disc herniation via a facet process and pedicle-complex approach. METHODS: Three patients with high-grade down-migrated L3-4 and L4-5 disc herniation presented to our hospital...
November 8, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119045/lumbar-stenosis-surgery-spine-surgeons-not-insurance-companies-should-decide-when-enough-is-better-than-too-much
#9
EDITORIAL
Nancy E Epstein
Background: Lumbar surgery for spinal stenosis is the most common spine operation being performed in older patients. Nevertheless, every time we want to schedule surgery, we confront the insurance industry. More often than not they demand patients first undergo epidural steroid injections (ESI); clearly they are not aware of ESI's lack of long-term efficacy. Who put these insurance companies in charge anyway? We did. How? Through performing too many unnecessary or overly extensive spinal operations (e...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119044/nursing-review-of-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-lumbar-degenerative-spondylolisthesis
#10
Nancy E Epstein, Renee D Hollingsworth
Background: In the lumbar spine, degenerative spondylolisthesis or degenerative (not traumatic) slippage of one vertebral body over another is divided into 4 grades - grade I (25%), grade II (50%), grade III (75%), and grade IV (100%). Dynamic X-rays, magnetic resonance (MR), and computed tomography (CT) scans document the slip secondary to arthritic changes of the facet joint plus stenosis, ossification of the yellow ligament, disc herniations, and synovial cysts. MR best demonstrates soft tissue pathology whereas CT better delineates ossific/calcified disease...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109065/the-impact-of-chronic-kidney-disease-on-post-operative-outcomes-in-patients-undergoing-lumbar-decompression-and-fusion
#11
Owoicho Adogwa, Aladine A Elsamadicy, Amanda Sergesketter, Deborah Oyeyemi, Diego Galan, Victoria D Vuong, Syed Khalid, Joseph Cheng, Carlos A Bagley, Isaac O Karikari
BACKGROUND: Little is known of the impact of pre-operative chronic kidney disease (CKD) on post-operative complications in patients undergoing lumbar arthrodesis. The aim of this study is to determine whether pre-operative CKD is associated with inferior peri-operative outcomes. METHODS: The medical records of 293 adult (≥18 years-old) spine deformity patients undergoing elective lumbar spine decompression and fusion at a major academic institution from 2006 to 2015 were reviewed...
November 3, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095296/the-treatment-strategies-for-spine-fractures-in-patients-with-ankylosing-spondylitis-a-case-report
#12
RuSen Zhu, WenYe Song, Wei Hu, ZeHua Jiang, JianJun Yuan, ZiJian Cui, Jun Wan, Yan Liu, ShiQing Feng, XueLi Zhang
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to explore surgical strategies for effectively treating spine fractures in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and investigate the postoperative outcomes. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 9 patients with AS that was complicated by spine fractures, who underwent surgery at our spine and spinal cord clinic between 2005 and 2012. The surgical methods included posterior instrumentation and bone grafting, with or without decompression...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093791/postoperative-spinal-subdural-lesions-following-lumbar-spine-surgery-prevalence-and-risk-factors
#13
Yukitaka Nagamoto, Shota Takenaka, Hiroyuki Aono
Study Design: Retrospective case-control study. Purpose: To clarify the prevalence and risk factors for spinal subdural lesions (SSDLs) following lumbar spine surgery. Overview of Literature: Because SSDLs, including arachnoid cyst and subdural hematoma, that develop following spinal surgery are seldom symptomatic and require reoperation, there are few reports on these pathologies. No study has addressed the prevalence and risk factors for SSDLs following lumbar spine surgery...
October 2017: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090325/comprehensive-comparison-of-therapeutic-efficacy-of-radiofrequency-target-disc-decompression-and-nucleoplasty-for-lumbar-disc-herniation-a-five%C3%A2-year-follow-up
#14
Hui-Yong Nie, Ya-Bin Qi, Na Li, Suo-Liang Wang, Yong-Xiao Cao
PURPOSE: To compare the therapeutic efficacy of radiofrequency target disc decompression(TDD) and nucleoplasty for lumbar disc herniation. METHODS: Two hundred sixty patients with lumbar disc herniation were divided into two groups: target disc decompression group (group T, n = 147) and nucleoplasty group (group N, n = 113). Visual analogue scale (VAS) and functional rating index (FRI) were measured at one, three, six, 12, 24, and 60 months after the surgery...
October 31, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081940/the-biomechanical-study-of-extraforaminal-lumbar-interbody-fusion-a-three-dimensional-finite-element-analysis
#15
Mingjie Yang, Guixin Sun, Song Guo, Cheng Zeng, Meijun Yan, Yingchao Han, Dongdong Xia, Jingjie Zhang, Xinhua Li, Yang Xiang, Jie Pan, Lijun Li, Jun Tan
OBJECTIVE: Finite-element method was used to evaluate biomechanics stability of extraforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (ELIF) under different internal fixation. METHODS: The L3-L5 level finite-element model was established to simulate decompression and internal fixation at L4-L5 segment. The intact finite model was treated in accordance with the different internal fixation. The treatment groups were exerted 400 N load and 6 N·m additional force from motion to calculate the angular displacement of L4-L5...
2017: Journal of Healthcare Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080243/limaprost-or-pregabalin-preoperative-and-postoperative-medication-for-pain-due-to-lumbar-spinal-stenosis
#16
Yuji Kasukawa, Naohisa Miyakoshi, Takashi Kobayashi, Kazuma Kikuchi, Kunio Ebata, Noriyuki Ishikawa, Tetsuya Suzuki, Hiroshi Sasaki, Yuji Hatakeyama, Michio Hongo, Yoshinori Ishikawa, Daisuke Kudo, Toshiki Abe, Koichiro Okuyama, Tadato Kido, Mitsuho Chiba, Toyohito Segawa, Masazumi Suzuki, Takashi Mizutani, Ryota Kimura, Yuichi Ono, Jumpei Iida, Eiji Abe, Yoichi Shimada
PURPOSE: We aimed to evaluate the incidence of (and risk factors for) postoperative pregabalin and/or limaprost to treat persistent numbness and/or pain of the lower extremities after lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) surgery. METHODS: Medical records of 329 patients (168 men 161 women; average age 70 years) were retrospectively reviewed for data on the duration of LSS diagnosis; LSS disease; preoperative medication (limaprost, pregabalin, combined limaprost/pregabalin; duration); symptoms; preoperative/postoperative intermittent claudication (IC); operation type; postoperative medication and period)...
October 27, 2017: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079345/postoperative-respiratory-effects-of-intravenous-fentanyl-compared-to-intravenous-methadone-in-dogs-following-spinal-surgery
#17
Maria Amengual, Hannah Leigh, Eva Rioja
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the 24-hour postoperative respiratory effects of either intravenous fentanyl administered as a constant rate infusion or boluses of methadone, in dogs following spinal surgery, assessed by serial arterial blood gas analyses. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized clinical study. ANIMALS: Thirty-two healthy dogs (American Society of Anesthesiologists I/II) anaesthetized for elective caudal thoracic and/or lumbar decompression spinal surgery...
April 8, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074423/percutaneous-endoscopic-lumbar-reoperation-for-recurrent-sciatica-symptoms-a-retrospective-analysis-of-outcomes-and-prognostic-factors-in-94-patients
#18
Junlong Wu, Chao Zhang, Kang Lu, Changqing Li, Yue Zhou
BACKGROUND: Recurrent sciatica symptoms after the prior surgical intervention is a relatively common and troublesome clinical problem. Percutaneous endoscopic lumbar decompression has been proved an effective method for recurrent lumbar disc herniation. However, the prognostic factors and outcomes of percutaneous endoscopic lumbar reoperation (PELR) for recurrent sciatica symptoms were still unknown. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcomes and prognostic factors of patients who underwent PELR for recurrent sciatica symptoms...
October 23, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061449/influence-of-lumbar-lordosis-on-the-outcome-of-decompression-surgery-for-lumbar-canal-stenosis
#19
Han Soo Chang
OBJECT: Although the sagittal spinal balance plays an important role in the spinal deformity surgery, its role in decompression surgery for lumbar canal stenosis is not well understood. To investigate the hypothesis that the sagittal spinal balance also plays a role in decompression surgery for lumbar canal stenosis, we performed a prospective cohort study analyzing the correlation between the preoperative lumbar lordosis and the outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed a cohort of 85 consecutive patients who underwent decompression for lumbar canal stenosis during the period from 2007 to 2011...
October 20, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051312/myelographic-and-low-field-magnetic-resonance-imaging-findings-in-dogs-with-presumptive-acute-hydrated-non-compressive-nucleus-pulposus-extrusion
#20
Carlos Ros, Cristian de la Fuente, Sergio Rodenas, Rosa Novellas, Judit Viu, Sonia Añor
MRI is considered gold standard for the diagnosis of presumptive acute hydrated non-compressive nucleus pulposus extrusions (AHNCNPE). This retrospective study describes the myelographic findings in dogs with AHNCNPE diagnosed by low-field MRI and their association with neurological grade, need of surgical decompression and outcome. Forty-two myelographies (21 dogs with presumptive AHNCNPE, 21 dogs with Hansen type I disc disease herniation) were blindly evaluated. Site of herniation, compression pattern, ratio of length of the lesion to length of the second lumbar vertebra (LL:L2) and degree of spinal cord compression (SCC) were measured on the myelographies of dogs with presumptive AHNCNPE and were compared with the corresponding MRI features...
October 19, 2017: Veterinary Record
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