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Spondylosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340888/wet-cupping-therapy-improves-local-blood-perfusion-and-analgesic-effects-in-patients-with-nerve-root-type-cervical-spondylosis
#1
Xiang-Wen Meng, Ying Wang, Sheng-Ai Piao, Wen-Tao Lv, Cheng-Hui Zhu, Ming-Yuan Mu, Dan-Dan Li, Hua-Peng Liu, Yi Guo
OBJECTIVE: To observe wet cupping therapy (WCT) on local blood perfusion and analgesic effects in patients with nerve-root type cervical spondylosis (NT-CS). METHODS: Fifty-seven NT-CS patients were randomly divided into WCT group and Jiaji acupoint-acupuncture (JA) group according a random number table. WCT group (30 cases) was treated with WCT for 10 min, and JA group (27 cases) was treated with acupuncture for 10 min. The treatment effificacies were evaluated with a Visual Analogue Scale (VAS)...
January 15, 2018: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318858/-effects-of-acupotomy-therapy-on-mrna-expressions-of-bcl-2-bax-caspase-3-in-posterior-cervical-extensor-muscles-in-cervical-spondylosis-rabbits
#2
Fu-Shui Liu, Fan-Yuan Zhou, Yi Zhang, Chang-Qing Guo
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of acupotomy therapy on mRNA expressions of Bcl-2, Bax , Caspase-3 in posterior cervical extensor muscles in cervical spondylosis rabbits, and explore its mechanisms for apoptosis of cervical muscles. METHODS: New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into normal, model, electroacupuncture (EA) and acupotomy groups, 6 in each group. The cervical spondylosis model was established by forced head-bowing for a long term. After model establishment, acupotomy was used at the trapezius muscle starting point and attachment site of sternocleidomastoid muscle, etc...
December 25, 2017: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305455/the-effectiveness-of-anterior-cervical-decompression-and-fusion-for-the-relief-of-dizziness-in-patients-with-cervical-spondylosis-a-multicentre-prospective-cohort-study
#3
MULTICENTER STUDY
B Peng, L Yang, C Yang, X Pang, X Chen, Y Wu
AIMS: Cervical spondylosis is often accompanied by dizziness. It has recently been shown that the ingrowth of Ruffini corpuscles into diseased cervical discs may be related to cervicogenic dizziness. In order to evaluate whether cervicogenic dizziness stems from the diseased cervical disc, we performed a prospective cohort study to assess the effectiveness of anterior cervical discectomy and fusion on the relief of dizziness. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Of 145 patients with cervical spondylosis and dizziness, 116 underwent anterior cervical decompression and fusion and 29 underwent conservative treatment...
January 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303467/prospective-randomized-multicenter-study-of-cervical-arthroplasty-versus-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion-5-year-results-with-a-metal-on-metal-artificial-disc
#4
Domagoj Coric, Richard D Guyer, Pierce D Nunley, David Musante, Cameron Carmody, Charles Gordon, Carl Lauryssen, Margaret O Boltes, Donna D Ohnmeiss
OBJECTIVE Seven cervical total disc replacement (TDR) devices have received FDA approval since 2006. These devices represent a heterogeneous assortment of implants made from various biomaterials with different biomechanical properties. The majority of these devices are composed of metallic endplates with a polymer core. In this prospective, randomized multicenter study, the authors evaluate the safety and efficacy of a metal-on-metal (MoM) TDR (Kineflex|C) versus anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) in the treatment of single-level spondylosis with radiculopathy through a long-term (5-year) follow-up...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290131/a-comparison-of-the-techniques-of-direct-pars-interarticularis-repairs-for-spondylolysis-and-low-grade-spondylolisthesis-a-meta-analysis
#5
Nasser Mohammed, Devi Prasad Patra, Vinayak Narayan, Amey R Savardekar, Rimal Hanif Dossani, Papireddy Bollam, Shyamal Bir, Anil Nanda
OBJECTIVE Spondylosis with or without spondylolisthesis that does not respond to conservative management has an excellent outcome with direct pars interarticularis repair. Direct repair preserves the segmental spinal motion. A number of operative techniques for direct repair are practiced; however, the procedure of choice is not clearly defined. The present study aims to clarify the advantages and disadvantages of the different operative techniques and their outcomes. METHODS A meta-analysis was conducted in accordance with the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) guidelines...
January 2018: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285065/reliability-and-validity-of-coda-motion-analysis-system-for-measuring-cervical-range-of-motion-in-patients-with-cervical-spondylosis-and-anterior-cervical-fusion
#6
Zhongyang Gao, Hui Song, Fenggang Ren, Yuhuan Li, Dong Wang, Xijing He
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the reliability of the Cartesian Optoelectronic Dynamic Anthropometer (CODA) motion system in measuring the cervical range of motion (ROM) and verify the construct validity of the CODA motion system. A total of 26 patients with cervical spondylosis and 22 patients with anterior cervical fusion were enrolled and the CODA motion analysis system was used to measure the three-dimensional cervical ROM. Intra- and inter-rater reliability was assessed by interclass correlation coefficients (ICCs), standard error of measurement (SEm), Limits of Agreements (LOA) and minimal detectable change (MDC)...
December 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283093/anterior-cervical-disc-fusion-does-not-affect-the-presence-of-cervical-vestibular-evoked-myogenic-potential
#7
Ioannis Kastanioudakis, Panagiotis Saravakos, Andreas Zigouris, Vasileios Ragos, Oliver Reichel, Nafsika Ziavra
OBJECTIVE: Cervical spondylosis and cervical disk herniation are the most frequent forms of degenerative disease in the cervical spine. Surgical treatment mainly includes anterior cervical disk fusion. However, information concerning vestibular-evoked myogenic potential (VEMP) recording in patients undergoing cervical spine surgery is limited. The present prospective study aimed to investigate the effect of anterior disk fusion surgery on cervical VEMP (cVEMP) parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-five patients were enrolled in this study, and 20 patients (10 men and 10 women) completed cVEMP testing...
December 14, 2017: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279748/surgical-outcomes-of-cervical-myelopathy-in-patients-with-athetoid-cerebral-palsy-a-5-year-follow-up
#8
Kazuyuki Watanabe, Koji Otani, Takuya Nikaido, Kinshi Kato, Hiroshi Kobayashi, Shoji Yabuki, Shin-Ichi Kikuchi, Shin-Ichi Konno
Study Design: Observational cohort study. Purpose: To assess the surgical outcomes of posterior decompression and fusion for cervical myelopathy in patients with athetoid cerebral palsy. Overview of Literature: Patients with athetoid cerebral palsy demonstrate involuntary movements and develop severe cervical spondylosis with kyphosis. In these patients, surgery is often performed at an early age because of myelopathy. A few studies have reported about the long-term outcomes of surgical treatment; however, they contain insufficient information...
December 2017: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275411/comorbid-conditions-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-population-based-study-of-statewide-parkinson-s-disease-registry
#9
Kerui Xu, Nada Alnaji, Jing Zhao, John M Bertoni, Li-Wu Chen, Danish Bhatti, Ming Qu
BACKGROUND/AIMS: In 1996, Nebraska became the first state in the United States to establish a Parkinson's disease (PD) Registry. The objectives of this study were to determine the most common comorbid conditions among PD patients receiving inpatient and outpatient services in Nebraska between 2004 and 2012, and to examine whether PD patients had increased risks of these conditions. METHODS: Statewide linkage was performed between Nebraska PD Registry data and hospital discharge database...
December 22, 2017: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259395/cervical-spine-mechanism-for-reproduction-of-the-biomechanical-behaviours-of-the-human-neck-during-rotation-traction-manipulation
#10
Yuancan Huang, Shuai Li, Minshan Feng, Liguo Zhu
Rotation-traction (RT) manipulation is a commonly used physical therapy procedure in TCM (traditional Chinese medicine) for cervical spondylosis. This procedure temporarily separates the C3 and C4 cervical vertebrae from each other when a physician applies a jerky action while the neck is voluntarily turned by the patient to a specific position as instructed by the physician, where the cervical vertebrae are twisted and locked. However, a high rate of cervical injury occurs due to inexperienced physician interns who lack sufficient training...
2017: Applied Bionics and Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237605/association-between-rainfall-and-diagnoses-of-joint-or-back-pain-retrospective-claims-analysis
#11
Anupam B Jena, Andrew R Olenski, David Molitor, Nolan Miller
OBJECTIVE: To study the relation between rainfall and outpatient visits for joint or back pain in a large patient population. DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: US Medicare insurance claims data linked to rainfall data from US weather stations. PARTICIPANTS: 1 552 842 adults aged ≥65 years attending a total of 11 673 392 outpatient visits with a general internist during 2008-12. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The proportion of outpatient visits for joint or back pain related conditions (rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, spondylosis, intervertebral disc disorders, and other non-traumatic joint disorders) was compared between rainy days and non-rainy days, adjusting for patient characteristics, chronic conditions, and geographic fixed effects (thereby comparing rates of joint or back pain related outpatient visits on rainy days versus non-rainy days within the same area)...
December 13, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231592/-ultrasonic-imaging-research-at-ashi-points-in-neck-type-cervical-spondylosis
#12
Xiaoming Wu, Fengwei Tian, Zhaopeng Xie, Guifang Dong, Jianjun Li, Xi Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To conduct the preliminary positioning and qualitative research of high-frequency ultrasonic imaging at Ashi points (including tender points and trigger points) in neck-type cervical spondylosis and explore the relevant law so as to provide the evidence for the selection of acupuncture scheme. METHODS: Thirty patients in compliance with the diagnostic criteria of neck-type cervical spondylosis were selected. The trigger points, tender points and placebo points were positioned on any of the three available oriented lines...
April 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213014/a-case-of-a-giant-mass-in-the-lumbar-region-of-a-newborn-calf
#13
Kazuki Yoshioka, Aika Ishikawa, Makoto Sugiyama, Jun Nagasao, Motohiro Kikuchi
The present report describes a newborn calf with spina bifida that presented with a giant mass of the lumbar region, as well as subsequent gross, histological, and immunohistochemical examinations. A malformed Japanese black calf (estimated weight = 20 kg) was euthanized immediately after birth. A gross evaluation revealed a giant mass (approximately 60 cm × 30 cm × 15 cm) covered by the hair coat in the lumbar region and connected with the hair coat of the trunk. The mass surface was divided by a deep polygonal groove and externally resembled a lobulated kidney...
2017: Okajimas Folia Anatomica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202505/incidence-of-abnormalities-of-the-second-and-third-cervical-vertebral-junction-in-dogs-with-atlantoaxial-instability-a-multicentre-study
#14
M Schneider, M Waschk, M C Precht, C Nathues, P Moissonnier, T Aikawa, D Schnötzinger, M Schmidt, D Garosi, F Forterre
Objective To evaluate the occurrence and frequency of abnormalities at the second and third cervical vertebral junction (C2/3) in dogs with and without atlantoaxial instability (AAI). Study Design Retrospective multi-institutional case-controlled case series. Animals One hundred and seventeen dogs with AAI and 117 dogs without AAI. Methods Radiographs, together with computer tomographic images or magnetic resonance images or both, of the cranial cervical spine of dogs were reviewed for the presence or absence of intervertebral disc-related anomalies, osseous fusion of the vertebrae, spondylosis, or any other anomaly of the C2/3...
November 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201817/association-between-walking-and-low-back-pain-in-the-korean-population-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Heesang Kim, Tae Jun Min, Si Hyun Kang, Don-Kyu Kim, Kyung Mook Seo, Sang Yoon Lee
Objective: To investigate if walking is independently associated with low back pain (LBP) in the general population. Methods: This cross-sectional study used public data from the Fourth and Fifth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Subjects included 5,982 community-dwelling adults aged ≥50 years. Presence of current LBP was defined as LBP for 1 month or more in the past 3 months. Walking was measured as total walking duration for the past week and subjects were divided into four quartiles...
October 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197741/exploration-about-changes-of-il-10-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-and-mmp-3-in-a-rat-model-of-cervical-spondylosis
#16
Jianjian Yin, Kewei Ren, Yongjing Huang, Gongming Gao, Luming Nong, Nanwei Xu
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship and mechanism between IL-10, NF-κB and MMP-3 in cervical degenerative disease induced by unbalanced dynamic and static forces in rats. METHODS: Sixty Sprague Dawley rats were randomized into test (n=45) and control (n=15) groups, which were randomly subdivided into three groups corresponding to one-month, three-month and six-month post-operation. Test group included 10, 15, 20 rats at corresponding postoperative stage and control group had five rats at each time point...
November 30, 2017: Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183306/acdf-vs-tdr-for-patients-with-cervical-spondylosis-an-8%C3%A2-year-follow-up-study
#17
Bolong Zheng, Dingjun Hao, Hua Guo, Baorong He
BACKGROUND: ACDF has been considered as the gold standard in the treatment of single level cervical disk protrusion. However, it may cause adjacent level degeneration due to regional biomechanical changes. TDR has been applied with satisfactory results for over a decade, but there is no consensus if TDR is safer and more efficient than ACDF. The current study was carried out to compare the efficiency and safety of TDR and ACDF in the treatment of patients with single level cervical disk protrusion...
November 28, 2017: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174757/anterior-transcorporeal-tunnel-approach-for-cervical-myelopathy-guided-by-ct-based-intraoperative-spinal-navigation-technical-note
#18
Javier Quillo-Olvera, Guang-Xun Lin, Tsz-King Suen, Hyun-Jin Jo, Jin-Sung Kim
Cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) is the most common degenerative disease of the spine in elderly patients. Although there are several surgical options for the treatment of this disease, minimally invasive techniques for localized decompression of the true clinical generator of the patient's disease has revolutionized spinal surgery recently. This article presents an alternate application of the anterior transcorporeal tunnel approach in combination with computed tomography (CT)-based intraoperative navigation in the treatment of patients with cervical myelopathy secondary to spondylosis...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173421/epidemiology-and-overview-of-the-clinical-spectrum-of-degenerative-cervical-myelopathy
#19
REVIEW
Satoshi Yamaguchi, Takafumi Mitsuhara, Masaru Abiko, Masaaki Takeda, Kaoru Kurisu
Degenerative cervical spondylosis (DCM) is an umbrella term used to describe myelopathy caused by various degenerative changes in the cervical spine. This article outlines the spectrum of DCM and reviews the epidemiology of each factor composing DCM. The uniform term of DCM is expected to elucidate the epidemiology of myelopathy caused by degenerative changes of the cervical spine."
January 2018: Neurosurgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171978/comparison-between-zero-profile-spacer-and-plate-with-cage-in-the-treatment-of-single-level-cervical-spondylosis
#20
Tao Lan, Jian-Ze Lin, Shi-Yu Hu, Xin-Jian Yang, Yang Chen
BACKGROUND: Retrospective study of 68 patients of symptomatic cervical spondylosis who were treated by anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF). OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical and radiological outcomes of patients with single level cervical spondylosis using either zero-profile spacer (group A) or anterior cervical plate and cage (group B). METHODS: Clinical and radiological data of 68 patients undergoing ACDF from C3-C7 were collected retrospectively...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
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