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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770333/diagnosis-and-incidence-of-spondylosis-and-cervical-disc-disorders-in-the-university-clinical-hospital-in-olsztyn-in-years-2011-2015
#1
Małgorzata Kolenkiewicz, Andrzej Włodarczyk, Joanna Wojtkiewicz
Background: Disorders connected with the musculoskeletal and central nervous system dysfunction are the most significant clinical problem worldwide. Our earlier research has shown that back and spinal disorders and lumbar disc disorders were most frequently diagnosed using MRI scanner at the University Clinical Hospital (UCH) in Olsztyn in years 2011-2015. We have also observed that another two diseases of spinal column, spondylosis and cervical disc disorders, were also very prevalent...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770280/effect-of-body-mass-index-on-perioperative-outcomes-in-minimally-invasive-oblique-lateral-lumbar-interbody-fusion-versus-open-fusions-a-multivariant-analysis
#2
Hamid Abbasi, Alex Grant
Background Obesity is an increasing public health concern associated with increased perioperative complications and expense in lumbar spine fusions. While open and mini-open fusions such as transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) and minimally invasive TLIF (MIS-TLIF) are more challenging in obese patients, new MIS procedures like oblique lateral lumbar interbody fusion (OLLIF) may improve perioperative outcomes in obese patients relative to TLIF and MIS-TLIF. Purpose The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of obesity on perioperative outcomes in OLLIF, MIS-TLIF, and TLIF...
March 8, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768345/atypical-symptoms-in-patients-with-cervical-spondylosis-comparison-of-the-treatment-effect-of-different-surgical-approaches
#3
Yuqing Sun, Aikeremujiang Muheremu, Wei Tian
To compare the effectiveness of total disk replacement (TDR), anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF), and laminoplasty on atypical symptoms of cervical spondylosis.Patients with confirmed diagnosis of cervical spondylosis and reported atypical symptoms such as blurred vision, headache, nausea, palpitation, tinnitus, vertigo, hypomnesia, and abdominal discomfort were retrospectively included in the present study. They were treated with TDR, ACDF, or laminoplasty depending on the etiology and patient preference...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765790/direct-posterior-bipolar-cervical-facet-radiofrequency-rhizotomy-a-simpler-and-safer-approach-to-denervate-the-facet-capsule
#4
Ovidiu Palea, Haroon M Andar, Ramon Lugo, Michelle Granville, Robert E Jacobson
Radiofrequency cervical rhizotomy has been shown to be effective for the relief of chronic neck pain, whether it be due to soft tissue injury, cervical spondylosis, or post-cervical spine surgery. The target and technique have traditionally been taught using an oblique approach to the anterior lateral capsule of the cervical facet joint. The goal is to position the electrode at the proximal location of the recurrent branch after it leaves the exiting nerve root and loops back to the cervical facet joint. The standard oblique approach to the recurrent nerve requires the testing of both motor and sensory components to verify the correct position and ensure safety so as to not damage the slightly more anterior nerve root...
March 14, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755229/ossification-of-posterior-longitudinal-ligament-and-cervical-spondylosis-same-cause-same-treatment
#5
EDITORIAL
Atul Goel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749136/minimally-invasive-lumbar-spinal-fusion-is-more-effective-than-open-fusion-a-meta-analysis
#6
Yung Park, Sang Ok Seok, Soo Bin Lee, Joong Won Ha
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of minimally invasive spinal fusion in comparison to open fusion for adult lumbar spondylolisthesis or spondylosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study was conducted as a meta-analysis of all estimates from studies that were selected after comprehensive literature search by two independent reviewers. RESULTS: Of 745 articles, nine prospective cohort studies were identifed. The quality of evidence was downgraded because of study design, inconsistency, imprecision, and publication bias...
June 2018: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748118/diaphragmatic-dysfunction-as-the-presenting-symptom-in-neuromuscular-disorders-a-retrospective-longitudinal-study-of-etiology-and-outcome-in-30-german-patients
#7
Matthias Türk, Irina Weber, Gernot Vogt-Ladner, Rolf Schröder, Martin Winterholler
Diaphragmatic dysfunction is well-known in advanced stages of neuromuscular disorders. However, data on its presence as the presenting symptom in neuromuscular disorders is scarce. The goal of this retrospective longitudinal study was to evaluate the etiology and clinical outcome in patients, in whom uni- or bilateral diaphragmatic dysfunction was primarily diagnosed, before a specific neuromuscular disease was found. Patients with critical illness neuropathy/myopathy were excluded from this study. Analysis of the medical records of two tertiary referral centers for patients with neuromuscular diseases identified 30 corresponding patients with diaphragmatic dysfunction (17 unilateral; 13 bilateral)...
April 9, 2018: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746262/clinical-comparison-of-surgical-constructs-for-anterior-cervical-corpectomy-and-fusion-in-patients-with-cervical-spondylotic-myelopathy-or-ossified-posterior-longitudinal-ligament-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Timothy R Niedzielak, Joseph Palmer, John P Malloy
STUDY DESIGN: This is a systematic review and meta-analysis. OBJECTIVE: To examine the differences in outcomes among current constructs and techniques for anterior cervical corpectomy and fusion (ACCF) in patients with single or multiple level cervical myelopathy (CM) secondary to cervical spondylosis or ossified posterior longitudinal ligament. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The natural history of CM can be a progressive disease process. In such cases, where surgical decompression is indicated to halt the progression, ACCF is typically chosen for pathology located posterior to the vertebral body...
May 9, 2018: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713417/clinical-relationship-of-degenerative-changes-between-the-cervical-and-lumbar-spine
#9
Yuichiro Morishita, Zorica Buser, Anthony D'Oro, Keiichiro Shiba, Jeffrey C Wang
Study Design: Retrospective, observational, case series. Purpose: To elucidate the prevalence of degenerative changes in the cervical and lumbar spine and estimate the degenerative changes in the cervical spine based on the degeneration of lumbar disc through a retrospective review of magnetic resonance (MR) images. Overview of Literature: Over 50% of middle-aged adults show evidence of spinal degeneration. However, the relationship between degenerative changes in the cervical and lumbar spine has yet to be elucidated...
April 2018: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710368/optimized-screw-trajectory-for-lumbar-cortical-bone-trajectory-pedicle-screws-based-on-clinical-outcome-evidence-favoring-the-buttress-effect-theory
#10
Shunji Asamoto, Kota Kojima, Michael Winking, Andreas Jödicke, Masayuki Ishikawa, Shinichi Ishihara, Wolfgang Deinsberger, Jun Muto, Makoto Nishiyama
BACKGROUND:  Cortical bone trajectory (CBT) is a relatively new technique for pedicle screw insertion in the field of spine surgery. Previous studies have demonstrated the significantly better pullout and toggle characteristics the new method offers, and it appears to have certain advantages over the widely used traditional trajectory. The mechanism of the pullout and toggle characteristics still remains unknown. PURPOSE:  To report the medium- to long-term follow-up findings of patients who underwent posterior lumbar interbody fusion or posterior lumbar fusion (PLIF/PLF) at our institution and to discuss the ideal screw trajectory when using this technique...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part A, Central European Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675672/low-virulence-bacterial-infections-in-cervical-intervertebral-discs-a-prospective-case-series
#11
Yilei Chen, Xianjun Wang, Xuyang Zhang, Hong Ren, Bao Huang, Jian Chen, Junhui Liu, Zhi Shan, Zhihai Zhu, Fengdong Zhao
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cross-sectional case series study. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of low virulence disc infection and its associations with characteristics of patients or discs in the cervical spine. BACKGROUND: Low virulence bacterial infections could be a possible cause of intervertebral disc degeneration and/or back pain. Controversies are continuing over whether these bacteria, predominantly Propionibacterium acnes (P...
April 19, 2018: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664814/spinal-sagittal-alignment-in-patients-with-dropped-head-syndrome
#12
Kazuma Murata, Endo Kenji, Hidekazu Suzuki, Taichiro Takamatsu, Hirosuke Nishimura, Yuji Matsuoka, Yasunobu Sawaji, Hidetoshi Tanaka, Kengo Yamamoto
STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective radiographic study of a consecutive case series of dropped head syndrome (DHS) at a single tertiary referral center. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to clarify the spinal sagittal alignment of DHS. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: DHS is characterized by chin-on-chest deformity and devastatingly impedes activities of daily living in affected individuals. Among various forms of DHS, isolated neck extensor myopathy (INEM) is considered to cause the chin-on-chest symptom in the absence of specific abnormality...
April 16, 2018: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663022/-diagnostics-and-conservative-treatment-of-cervical-and-lumbar-spinal-stenosis
#13
REVIEW
A Hug, S Hähnel, N Weidner
BACKGROUND: Degenerative stenotic spondylosis is not an uncommon cause of cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) and cauda equina lesions in the aged population. Limited standardization exists with respect to diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. OBJECTIVE: Literature review with respect to diagnostic and therapeutic procedures for neurologically relevant cervical and lumbar spinals stenosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Comprehensive literature review...
April 16, 2018: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656629/differences-in-cervical-sagittal-alignment-changes-in-patients-undergoing-laminoplasty-and-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion
#14
Su Hun Lee, Dong Wuk Son, Jun Seok Lee, Dong Ha Kim, Soon Ki Sung, Sang Weon Lee, Geun Sung Song
OBJECTIVE: Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) and laminoplasty (LP) are the most commonly performed procedures for degenerative cervical spondylosis. Cervical sagittal alignment (CSA) has recently been studied as an important predictor of clinical and radiological outcomes. The data from previous studies are insufficient for analysis using the recently designed CSA parameters, T1 slope (T1s), and T1s minus cervical angle (T1sCA). METHODS: We retrospectively collected data from patients who underwent ACDF and LP from January 2013 to May 2016...
March 2018: Neurospine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656624/health-care-burden-of-spinal-diseases-in-the-republic-of-korea-analysis-of-a-nationwide-database-from-2012-through-2016
#15
Chang-Hyun Lee, Chun Kee Chung, Chi Heon Kim, Ji-Woong Kwon
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the incidence and analyze trends related to spinal diseases based on a national database in the Republic of Korea (ROK) and to elucidate the healthcare burden that will serve as a useful resource for researchers, clinicians, and patients. METHODS: This study was a retrospective analysis of data obtained from Healthcare Bigdata Hub, the Korean Statistical Information Service, and Open Data Portal from 2012 through 2016. The main disease codes for spinal diseases (M40-M54) were used for identification of these conditions...
March 2018: Neurospine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643725/modified-laminoplasty-for-degenerative-cervical-spondylosis-the-technique-of-floating-laminoplasty
#16
Samuel C Ohaegbulam, Wilfred C Mezue, Chika Anele Ndubuisi, Mark O Chikani, Ndubuisi D Achebe, Uwadiegwu A Erechukwu
Background: Laminoplasty is an established alternative to laminectomy for posterior cervical decompression in spondylotic myelopathy. However, standard laminoplasty requires internal fixation, which is often not obtainable in developing countries. We present our experience with a technique of noninstrumented (floating) laminoplasty developed to avoid the need to anchor the laminoplasty to the anterior elements. Methods: We have used floating laminoplasty (FL) for posterior cervical decompression in patients with cervical spondylosis since 2004 and report the technique and our experience with it between 2009 and 2014 when C-arm and magnetic resonance imaging became available in our unit...
January 2018: Nigerian Journal of Surgery: Official Publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643538/-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion-to-treat-cervical-spondylosis-with-sympathetic-symptoms
#17
H Liu, L Yue, S L Chen, B Hu, C D Li, X D Yi, H Li, H L Lu, Y Wang, Z R Yu, H L Sun, S J Wang, Y Zhao, L T Qi, R Wang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical effectiveness of polytheretherketone (PEEK) cages assisted anterior cervical discetomy and fusion (ACDF) to treat cervical spondylosis with sympathetic symptoms. METHODS: Retrospective analysis was undertaken for 39 patients who were diagnosed as cervical spondylosis with sympathetic symptoms and underwent ACDF with PEEK cages. Radiographs obtained before surgery, after surgery, and at the final follow-up were assessed for quality of fusion...
April 18, 2018: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599000/neoplasia-in-three-aye-ayes-daubentonia-madagascariensis
#18
A Rodriguez Barbon, R Cowen, C Knott, K Hughes, K Allinson, C V Williams, A Routh
Tumours diagnosed in three aged captive aye-ayes (Daubentonia madagascariensis), held in two different institutions, are described. A cerebral glioblastoma was diagnosed based on histological and immunohistochemical findings in one of the animals following initial presentation with bilateral mydriasis, absent pupillary reflex, head tilt and ataxia. A second animal was humanely destroyed due to impaired locomotion associated with spondylosis and a post-mortem diagnosis of cholangiocarcinoma was made based on histology with further confirmation with immunohistochemical labelling for cytokeratin 7...
February 2018: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595628/what-is-the-superior-surgical-strategy-for-bi-level-cervical-spondylosis-anterior-cervical-disc-replacement-or-anterior-cervical-decompression-and-fusion-a-meta-analysis-from-11-studies
#19
REVIEW
He Zhao, Li-Jun Duan, Yu-Shan Gao, Yong-Dong Yang, Xiang-Sheng Tang, Ding-Yan Zhao, Yang Xiong, Zhen-Guo Hu, Chuan-Hong Li, Xing Yu
BACKGROUND: Nowadays, anterior cervical artificial disc replacement (ACDR) has achieved favorable outcomes in treatment for patients with single-level cervical spondylosis. However, It is still controversial that whether or not it will become a potent therapeutic alternation in treating 2 contiguous levels cervical spondylosis compared with anterior cervical decompression and fusion (ACDF). Therefore, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare the efficacy and safety of ACDR and ACDF in patients with 2 contiguous levels cervical spondylosis...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587400/association-between-cervical-spondylosis-and-migraine-a-nationwide-retrospective-cohort-study
#20
Wang-Sheng Lin, Tung-Fu Huang, Tien-Yow Chuang, Cheng-Li Lin, Chia-Hung Kao
Background: Few studies have investigated the longitudinal association between cervical spondylosis (CS) and migraine by using a nationwide population-based database. Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study from 2000 to 2011 identifying 27,930 cases of cervical spondylosis and 111,720 control subjects (those without cervical spondylosis) from a single database. The subjects were frequency-matched on the basis of sex, age, and diagnosis date. The non- cervical spondylosis cohort was four times the size of the cervical spondylosis cohort...
March 25, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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