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Spondylosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303382/a-rare-case-of-non-traumatic-multi-level-bilateral-pedicle-fractures-of-the-lumbar-spine-in-a-60-year-old-patient
#1
Timo Schmid, Paul Heini, Lorin Benneker
INTRODUCTION: We report a 60-year-old patient who sustained non-traumatic, multi-level, bilateral lumbar pedicle fractures in the setting of unilateral lumbar spondylolysis. A possible fracture mechanism is evaluated and a review of the literature is presented. Whereas contralateral pedicle fractures of lumbar vertebrae with unilateral spondylosis are well described in young athletes, there is only one case report of multi-level, bilateral pedicle fractures of the lumbar spine in a young patient who sustained a high-impact motorcycle accident...
March 16, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278042/a-cell-attracting-composite-of-lumbar-fusion-cage
#2
Busra Gunay, Nesrin Hasirci, Vasif Hasirci
Lumbar fusion cages are devices used in spinal fusion procedures for disorders such as spondylosis and degenerative disc diseases that may occur due to age, trauma or genetic reasons. These devices are most frequently made of metals and polymers. The mechanical properties of such devices should be comparable to the bone to avoid stress shielding. Besides, cages should interact with the cells to prevent extrusion and achieve satisfactory fusion. In this study, poly(methylmethacrylate) (PMMA) and hydroxyapatite (HAp) were compounded to create products with HAp contents up to 40% (w/w), processed by hot melt extrusion and injection molded to produce composites with maximum polymer-mineral interaction...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241724/-clinical-analysis-of-cervical-posterior-internal-fixation-titanium-plate-and-silk-suspension-internal-fixation-cervical-spondylosis
#3
X N Xu, H Y Liu
Objective: To evaluate the clinical effect and imaging evaluation of cervical spine myelopathy treated with Centerpiece. Methods: A retrospective study of 60 patients underwent posterior cervical spine surgery because of cervical myelopathy in Spinal Department of Peking University People's Hospital from July 2011 to January 2013.According to the different fixation methods, all patients were divided into cervical posterior open-door Centerpiece fixation group (group A) and cervical posterior open-door silk suspension fixation group (group B)...
March 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219354/relationship-between-facet-tropism-and-facet-joint-degeneration-in-the-sub-axial-cervical-spine
#4
Xin Rong, Ziyang Liu, Beiyu Wang, Xuelin Pan, Hao Liu
BACKGROUND: Facet tropism is the angular asymmetry between the left and right facet joint orientation. Although debatable, facet tropism was suggested to be associated with disc degeneration, facet degeneration and degenerative spondylolisthesis in the lumbar spine. The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between facet tropism and facet degeneration in the sub-axial cervical spine. METHODS: A total of 200 patients with cervical spondylosis were retrospectively analyzed...
February 20, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208824/associations-between-obesity-and-spinal-diseases-a-medical-expenditure-panel-study-analysis
#5
Binwu Sheng, Chaoling Feng, Donglan Zhang, Hugh Spitler, Lu Shi
Background: The link between body weight status and spinal diseases has been suggested by a number of cross-sectional and cohort studies with a limited range of patient populations. No population-representative samples have been used to examine the link between obesity and spinal diseases. The present study is based on a nationally representative sample drawn from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey. Methods: Using the cross-sectional sample of the 2014 Medical Expenditure Panel Study, we built four weighted logistic regression analyses of the associations between body weight status and the following four spinal diseases: low back pain, spondylosis, other cervical disorders and intervertebral disc disorder (IDD)...
February 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207315/diagnosis-of-lumbosacral-diskospondylosis-in-a-bucking-bull-assisted-by-high-definition-thermal-and-nuclear-scintigraphic-imaging
#6
Marc Caldwell, Thomas Passler, Ram C Purohit, David Pascoe, Dwight F Wolfe
CASE DESCRIPTION An 8-year-old Brahman-cross bull was evaluated for left hind limb lameness of 2 months' duration. The lameness was first noticed during a rodeo bucking performance, immediately after the bull appeared to land inappropriately on the affected limb. CLINICAL FINDINGS Physical examination findings revealed left hind limb lameness, ataxia, and left-sided epaxial muscle atrophy. Palpation per rectum along the lumbar portion of the vertebral column revealed evidence of exostosis of the ventral aspect...
March 1, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204844/safe-placement-of-lateral-mass-screw-in-the-subaxial-cervical-spine-a-case-series
#7
Di Zhang, Xianda Gao, Jiang Jiang, Fanlong Kong, Yong Shen, Wenyuan Ding, Xiufang Hao, Huixian Cui
PURPOSE: Laminectomy with lateral mass screw fixation has been proven to be an effective method to treat the multilevel cervical degenerative myelopathy and severe cervical spondylosis. However, accurate and safe insertion of the lateral mass screw is technically demanding due to the individual variations of the anatomy of the lateral mass of the subaxial cervical spine. Misplaced lateral mass screw is not uncommon, and operation-related complications still beset the surgeons, which may impair the clinical outcomes...
February 15, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154344/importance-of-recognizing-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-for-neurosurgeons-a-review
#8
Masatoshi Yunoki, Takahiro Kanda, Kenta Suzuki, Atsuhito Uneda, Koji Hirashita, Kimihiro Yoshino
Idiopathic carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a common complaint, reflecting entrapment neuropathy of the upper extremity. CTS produces symptoms similar to those of other conditions, such as cervical spondylosis or ischemic or neoplastic intracranial disease. Because of these overlaps, patients with CTS are often referred to a neurosurgeon. Surgical treatment of CTS was started recently in our department. Through this experience, we realized that neurosurgeons should have an increased awareness of this condition so they can knowledgeably assess patients with a differential diagnosis that includes CTS and cervical spinal and cerebral disease...
February 2, 2017: Neurologia Medico-chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142280/can-segmental-mobility-be-increased-by-cervical-arthroplasty
#9
Hsuan-Kan Chang, Chih-Chang Chang, Tsung-Hsi Tu, Jau-Ching Wu, Wen-Cheng Huang, Li-Yu Fay, Peng-Yuan Chang, Ching-Lan Wu, Henrich Cheng
OBJECTIVE Many reports have successfully demonstrated that cervical disc arthroplasty (CDA) can preserve range of motion after 1- or 2-level discectomy. However, few studies have addressed the extent of changes in segmental mobility after CDA or their clinical correlations. METHODS Data from consecutive patients who underwent 1-level CDA were retrospectively reviewed. Indications for surgery were medically intractable degenerative disc disease and spondylosis. Clinical outcomes, including visual analog scale (VAS)-measured neck and arm pain, Neck Disability Index (NDI), and Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) scores, were analyzed...
February 2017: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142261/thirty-day-readmission-and-reoperation-rates-after-single-level-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion-versus-those-after-cervical-disc-replacement
#10
Niketh Bhashyam, Rafael De la Garza Ramos, Jonathan Nakhla, Rani Nasser, Ajit Jada, Taylor E Purvis, Daniel M Sciubba, Merritt D Kinon, Reza Yassari
OBJECTIVE The goal of this study was to compare 30-day readmission and reoperation rates after single-level anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) versus those after cervical disc replacement (CDR). METHODS The authors used the 2013-2014 American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database. Included were adult patients who underwent first-time single-level ACDF or CDR for cervical spondylosis or disc herniation. Primary outcome measures were readmission and/or reoperation within 30 days of the original surgery...
February 2017: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139512/shikani-optical-stylet-versus-macintosh-laryngoscope-for-intubation-in-patients-undergoing-surgery-for-cervical-spondylosis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Mao Xu, Xiao-Xi Li, Xiang-Yang Guo, Jun Wang
BACKGROUND: Airway management is critical in patients with cervical spondylosis, a population with a high incidence of difficult airway. Intubation with Shikani Optical Stylet (SOS) has become increasingly popular in difficult airway. We compared the effects of intubation with SOS versus Macintosh laryngoscope (MLS) in patients undergoing surgery for cervical spondylosis. METHODS: A total of 270 patients scheduled for elective surgery for cervical spondylosis of spinal cord and nerve root type from August 2012 to January 2016 were enrolled and randomly allocated to the MLS or SOS group by random numbers...
2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139188/sagittal-plane-analysis-of-the-spine-and-pelvis-in-degenerative-lumbar-scoliosis
#12
Fei Han, Li Weishi, Sun Zhuoran, Ma Qingwei, Chen Zhongqiang
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have reported the normative values of pelvic sagittal parameters, but no study has analyzed the sagittal spino-pelvic alignment in degenerative lumbar scoliosis (DLS) and its role in the pathogenesis. METHODS: Retrospective analysis was applied to 104 patients with DLS, together with 100 cases of asymptomatic young adults as a control group and another control group consisting of 145 cases with cervical spondylosis. The coronal and sagittal parameters were measured on the anteroposterior and lateral radiograph of the whole spine in the DLS group as well as in the two control groups...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126975/-cerebral-autosomal-recessive-arteriopathy-with-subcortical-infarcts-and-leukoencephalopathy-carasil
#13
Masahiro Uemura, Hiroaki Nozaki, Osamu Onodera
Cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD) is frequently observed among the elderly and is known to cause dementia and gait disturbance associated with white matter lesions, lacunar infarcts, and cerebral hemorrhage. Molecular mechanistic studies promise to provide new insights into the pathogenesis of hereditary CSVD. Cerebral autosomal recessive arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CARASIL) is one of the hereditary CSVDs caused by a mutation in the high-temperature requirement serine peptidase A1 (HTRA1) gene...
January 2017: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117633/treatment-for-early-postoperative-esophageal-fistula-complicated-with-anterior-cervical-surgery
#14
Haifeng Yuan, Huiqiang Ding, Lihong Hu, Zorica Buser, Haoning Zhao, Xusheng Li
OBJECT: To investigate the efficacy of debridement, open drainage, and early feeding to treat early esophageal fistula complicated with anterior cervical surgery. METHODS: Retrospective analysis was conducted on data from 3154 patients who had undergone anterior cervical surgeries for cervical vertebra diseases between January 2006 and January 2013, in which eight patients had esophageal fistula with five males and three females. Four patients had cervical spinal injuries and four patients had cervical spondylosis...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104903/the-effectiveness-of-cervical-spondylosis-therapy-with-saunders-traction-device-and-high-intensity-laser-therapy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Robert Haładaj, Mariusz Pingot, Mirosław Topol
BACKGROUND Among all spinal therapies, treatment of the cervical segment is the most difficult. The cervical segment is particularly sensitive to injuries and pain, and it also requires special care due to its great mobility and most delicate construction. The aim of this research was to evaluate analgesic efficacy and improvement of active mobility of the cervical spine after traction therapy with the Saunders device and high-intensity laser therapy (HILT) immediately after therapy, and in short-, medium-, and long-term follow-up in patients with cervical spondylosis...
January 20, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097242/anterior-to-psoas-atp-fusion-of-the-lumbar-spine-evolution-of-a-technique-facilitated-by-changes-in-equipment
#16
Cristian Gragnaniello, Kevin Seex
BACKGROUND: Lateral interbody cages have been proven useful in spinal fusions. Spanning both lateral cortical rims while sparing the Anterior Longitudinal Ligament, the lateral interbody cages restore and maintain disc height while adding stability prior to supplemental fixation. The standard approach for their insertion is by a 90-degree lateral transpsoas method. This is relatively bloodless compared to other techniques although has its limitations, requiring neuro-monitoring and being, at times, very difficult at L4/5 due to iliac crest obstruction or an anterior plexus position...
December 2016: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094419/postoperative-computed-tomography-and-low-field-magnetic-resonance-imaging-findings-in-dogs-with-degenerative-lumbosacral-stenosis-treated-by-dorsal-laminectomy
#17
Martin Rapp, Charles J Ley, Kerstin Hansson, Lennart Sjöström
OBJECTIVES: To describe postoperative computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in dogs with degenerative lumbosacral stenosis (DLSS) treated by dorsal laminectomy and partial discectomy. METHODS: Prospective clinical case study of dogs diagnosed with and treated for DLSS. Surgical and clinical findings were described. Computed tomography and low field MRI findings pre- and postoperatively were described and graded. Clinical, CT and MRI examinations were performed four to 18 months after surgery...
January 17, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061494/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-lumbar-spondylosis-and-its-association-with-low-back-pain-among-rural-korean-residents
#18
Sung Yeon Lee, Nam H Cho, Young Ok Jung, Young Il Seo, Hyun Ah Kim
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of and the relevant risk factors for lumbar spondylosis (LS) among middle-aged and elderly rural Korean residents and to explore the association between radiographic LS and lower back pain (LBP) in relation to age and gender. METHODS: This community-based, cross-sectional study evaluated 1512 subjects with available radiograph. The prevalence of LBP was obtained using a questionnaire and disability resulting from LBP was measured using a validated Korean version of the Oswestry disability index (ODI)...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042720/resection-of-uncovertebral-joints-and-posterior-longitudinal-ligament-for-cervical-disc-arthroplasty
#19
Tsung-Hsi Tu, Chih-Chang Chang, Jau-Ching Wu, Li-Yu Fay, Wen-Cheng Huang, Henrich Cheng
The most commonly accepted indications for cervical disc arthroplasty (CDA) are 1- and 2-level cervical disc herniation or spondylosis causing radiculopathy or myelopathy that is refractory to medical management. Unlike anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF), which eliminates motion, CDA aims to restore the physiological range of motion of the indexed joint. Thus, the effect of indirect decompression gained by the insertion of a sufficiently large interbody graft and incorporation into arthrodesis after ACDF cannot be duplicated for CDA...
January 2017: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028952/mastalgia-due-to-degenerative-changes-of-the-spine
#20
Okay Pirti, Aziz M Barlas, Serdar Kuru, Selim Temel, Mustafa K Urhan, Kemal Kismet, Adnan Hasanoglu, Osman Guler
BACKGROUND: Mastalgia is a common and enigmatic condition; the cause and optimal treatment are still inadequately defined. Cervical radiculopathy, which is the result of cervical nerve root pathology often caused by spaceoccupying lesions such as cervical disc herniation, spondylosis, or osteophytosis, is frequently encountered in physical therapy. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate the incidence of vertebral pathologies in patients with non-cyclic mastalgia and the efficacy of conservative treatment of these pathologies on relieving breast pain...
September 2016: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
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