keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

"optimal control theory"

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595406/an-alternative-laser-driven-photodissociation-mechanism-of-pyrrole-via-%C3%AF-%C3%AF-1%C3%A2-s0-conical-intersection
#1
K R Nandipati, Z Lan, H Singh, S Mahapatra
A first principles quantum dynamics study of N-H photodissociation of pyrrole on the S0-(1)πσ(*)(A21) coupled electronic states is carried out with the aid of an optimally designed UV-laser pulse. A new photodissociation path, as compared to the conventional barrier crossing on the πσ*1 state, opens up upon electronic transitions under the influence of pump-dump laser pulses, which efficiently populate both the dissociation channels. The interplay of electronic transitions due both to vibronic coupling and the laser pulse is observed in the control mechanism and discussed in detail...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589490/bifurcation-thresholds-and-optimal-control-in-transmission-dynamics-of-arboviral-diseases
#2
Hamadjam Abboubakar, Jean Claude Kamgang, Leontine Nkague Nkamba, Daniel Tieudjo
In this paper, we derive and analyse a model for the control of arboviral diseases which takes into account an imperfect vaccine combined with some other control measures already studied in the literature. We begin by analysing the basic model without control. We prove the existence of two disease-free equilibrium points and the possible existence of up to two endemic equilibrium points (where the disease persists in the population). We show the existence of a transcritical bifurcation and a possible saddle-node bifurcation and explicitly derive threshold conditions for both, including defining the basic reproduction number, [Formula: see text], which provides whether the disease can persist in the population or not...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Mathematical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578162/rapid-convergence-of-optimal-control-in-nmr-using-numerically-constructed-toggling-frames
#3
Paul Coote, Clemens Anklin, Walter Massefski, Gerhard Wagner, Haribabu Arthanari
We present a numerical method for rapidly solving the Bloch equation for an arbitrary time-varying spin-1/2 Hamiltonian. The method relies on fast, vectorized computations such as summation and quaternion multiplication, rather than slow computations such as matrix exponentiation. A toggling frame is constructed in which the Hamiltonian is time-invariant, and therefore has a simple analytical solution. The key insight is that constructing this frame is faster than solving the system dynamics in the original frame...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562221/lqg-online-learning
#4
Giorgio Gnecco, Alberto Bemporad, Marco Gori, Marcello Sanguineti
Optimal control theory and machine learning techniques are combined to formulate and solve in closed form an optimal control formulation of online learning from supervised examples with regularization of the updates. The connections with the classical linear quadratic gaussian (LQG) optimal control problem, of which the proposed learning paradigm is a nontrivial variation as it involves random matrices, are investigated. The obtained optimal solutions are compared with the Kalman filter estimate of the parameter vector to be learned...
May 31, 2017: Neural Computation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558274/active-control-of-the-spatial-mri-phase-distribution-with-optimal-control-theory
#5
Pauline M Lefebvre, Eric Van Reeth, Hélène Ratiney, Olivier Beuf, Elisabeth Brusseau, Simon A Lambert, Steffen J Glaser, Dominique Sugny, Denis Grenier, Kevin Tse Ve Koon
This paper investigates the use of Optimal Control (OC) theory to design Radio-Frequency (RF) pulses that actively control the spatial distribution of the MRI magnetization phase. The RF pulses are generated through the application of the Pontryagin Maximum Principle and optimized so that the resulting transverse magnetization reproduces various non-trivial and spatial phase patterns. Two different phase patterns are defined and the resulting optimal pulses are tested both numerically with the ODIN MRI simulator and experimentally with an agar gel phantom on a 4...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507230/computational-design-of-treatment-strategies-for-proactive-therapy-on-atopic-dermatitis-using-optimal-control-theory
#6
Panayiotis Christodoulides, Yoshito Hirata, Elisa Domínguez-Hüttinger, Simon G Danby, Michael J Cork, Hywel C Williams, Kazuyuki Aihara, Reiko J Tanaka
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common chronic skin disease characterized by recurrent skin inflammation and a weak skin barrier, and is known to be a precursor to other allergic diseases such as asthma. AD affects up to 25% of children worldwide and the incidence continues to rise. There is still uncertainty about the optimal treatment strategy in terms of choice of treatment, potency, duration and frequency. This study aims to develop a computational method to design optimal treatment strategies for the clinically recommended 'proactive therapy' for AD...
June 28, 2017: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484801/optimal-control-of-vaccination-rate-in-an-epidemiological-model-of-clostridium-difficile-transmission
#7
Brittany Stephenson, Cristina Lanzas, Suzanne Lenhart, Judy Day
The spore-forming, gram-negative bacteria Clostridium difficile can cause severe intestinal illness. A striking increase in the number of cases of C. difficile infection (CDI) among hospitals has highlighted the need to better understand how to prevent the spread of CDI. In our paper, we modify and update a compartmental model of nosocomial C. difficile transmission to include vaccination. We then apply optimal control theory to determine the time-varying optimal vaccination rate that minimizes a combination of disease prevalence and spread in the hospital population as well as cost, in terms of time and money, associated with vaccination...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Mathematical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460243/optimal-control-design-of-preparation-pulses-for-contrast-optimization-in-mri
#8
Eric Van Reeth, Hélène Ratiney, Michael Tesch, Denis Grenier, Olivier Beuf, Steffen J Glaser, Dominique Sugny
This work investigates the use of MRI radio-frequency (RF) pulses designed within the framework of optimal control theory for image contrast optimization. The magnetization evolution is modeled with Bloch equations, which defines a dynamic system that can be controlled via the application of the Pontryagin Maximum Principle (PMP). This framework allows the computation of optimal RF pulses that bring the magnetization to a given state to obtain the desired contrast after acquisition. Creating contrast through the optimal manipulation of Bloch equations is a new way of handling contrast in MRI, which can explore the theoretical limits of the system...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404782/signatures-of-optimal-control-in-pairs-of-schooling-zebrafish
#9
Andress Laan, Raul Gil de Sagredo, Gonzalo G de Polavieja
Animals moving in groups coordinate their motion to remain cohesive. A large amount of data and analysis of movement coordination has been obtained in several species, but we are lacking theoretical frameworks that can derive the form of coordination rules. Here, we examine whether optimal control theory can predict the rules underlying social interactions from first principles. We find that a control rule which is designed to minimize the time it would take a pair of schooling fish to form a cohesively moving unit correctly predicts the characteristics of social interactions in fish...
April 12, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301523/assessment-of-optimal-strategies-in-a-two-patch-dengue-transmission-model-with-seasonality
#10
Jung Eun Kim, Hyojung Lee, Chang Hyeong Lee, Sunmi Lee
Emerging and re-emerging dengue fever has posed serious problems to public health officials in many tropical and subtropical countries. Continuous traveling in seasonally varying areas makes it more difficult to control the spread of dengue fever. In this work, we consider a two-patch dengue model that can capture the movement of host individuals between and within patches using a residence-time matrix. A previous two-patch dengue model without seasonality is extended by adding host demographics and seasonal forcing in the transmission rates...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222162/optimal-combinations-of-control-strategies-and-cost-effective-analysis-for-visceral-leishmaniasis-disease-transmission
#11
Santanu Biswas, Abhishek Subramanian, Ibrahim M ELMojtaba, Joydev Chattopadhyay, Ram Rup Sarkar
Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a deadly neglected tropical disease that poses a serious problem in various countries all over the world. Implementation of various intervention strategies fail in controlling the spread of this disease due to issues of parasite drug resistance and resistance of sandfly vectors to insecticide sprays. Due to this, policy makers need to develop novel strategies or resort to a combination of multiple intervention strategies to control the spread of the disease. To address this issue, we propose an extensive SIR-type model for anthroponotic visceral leishmaniasis transmission with seasonal fluctuations modeled in the form of periodic sandfly biting rate...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186203/web-malware-spread-modelling-and-optimal-control-strategies
#12
Wanping Liu, Shouming Zhong
The popularity of the Web improves the growth of web threats. Formulating mathematical models for accurate prediction of malicious propagation over networks is of great importance. The aim of this paper is to understand the propagation mechanisms of web malware and the impact of human intervention on the spread of malicious hyperlinks. Considering the characteristics of web malware, a new differential epidemic model which extends the traditional SIR model by adding another delitescent compartment is proposed to address the spreading behavior of malicious links over networks...
February 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166308/optimal-control-and-cost-effective-analysis-of-malaria-visceral-leishmaniasis-co-infection
#13
Folashade B Agusto, Ibrahim M ELmojtaba
In this paper, a deterministic model involving the transmission dynamics of malaria/visceral leishmaniasis co-infection is presented and studied. Optimal control theory is then applied to investigate the optimal strategies for curtailing the spread of the diseases using the use of personal protection, indoor residual spraying and culling of infected reservoirs as the system control variables. Various combination strategies were examined so as to investigate the impact of the controls on the spread of the disease...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113535/discrete-time-nonzero-sum-games-for-multiplayer-using-policy-iteration-based-adaptive-dynamic-programming-algorithms
#14
Huaguang Zhang, He Jiang, Chaomin Luo, Geyang Xiao
In this paper, we investigate the nonzero-sum games for a class of discrete-time (DT) nonlinear systems by using a novel policy iteration (PI) adaptive dynamic programming (ADP) method. The main idea of our proposed PI scheme is to utilize the iterative ADP algorithm to obtain the iterative control policies, which not only ensure the system to achieve stability but also minimize the performance index function for each player. This paper integrates game theory, optimal control theory, and reinforcement learning technique to formulate and handle the DT nonzero-sum games for multiplayer...
October 3, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092262/vocal-development-in-a-waddington-landscape
#15
Yayoi Teramoto, Daniel Y Takahashi, Philip Holmes, Asif A Ghazanfar
Vocal development is the adaptive coordination of the vocal apparatus, muscles, the nervous system, and social interaction. Here, we use a quantitative framework based on optimal control theory and Waddington's landscape metaphor to provide an integrated view of this process. With a biomechanical model of the marmoset monkey vocal apparatus and behavioral developmental data, we show that only the combination of the developing vocal tract, vocal apparatus muscles and nervous system can fully account for the patterns of vocal development...
January 16, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088150/optimal-orientation-of-an-asymmetric-top-molecule-with-terahertz-pulses
#16
L H Coudert
Terahertz pulses effects are investigated in an asymmetric top C2v molecule using numerical simulations. The average value of the direction cosine ΦZx is computed solving the time dependent Schrödinger equation for several types of pulses. The H2S molecule taken as a test case is first subject to two short terahertz pulses with a duration smaller than 5 ps, an identical maximum value of the electric field of 2 MV/cm, but a different shape. The thermal average ⟨⟨ΦZx⟩⟩ is calculated for several temperatures, and non-periodic time variations are found even for the lowest temperature...
January 14, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989799/quantum-like-model-of-partially-directed-evolution
#17
REVIEW
Alexey V Melkikh, Andrei Khrennikov
The background of this study is that models of the evolution of living systems are based mainly on the evolution of replicators and cannot explain many of the properties of biological systems such as the existence of the sexes, molecular exaptation and others. The purpose of this study is to build a complete model of the evolution of organisms based on a combination of quantum-like models and models based on partial directivity of evolution. We also used optimal control theory for evolution modeling. We found that partial directivity of evolution is necessary for the explanation of the properties of an evolving system such as the stability of evolutionary strategies, aging and death, the presence of the sexes...
May 2017: Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926436/to-work-or-not-to-work-neural-representation-of-cost-and-benefit-of-instrumental-action
#18
N B Kroemer, C Burrasch, L Hellrung
By definition, instrumental actions are performed in order to obtain certain goals. Nevertheless, the attainment of goals typically implies obstacles, and response vigor is known to reflect an integration of subjective benefit and cost. Whereas several brain regions have been associated with cost/benefit ratio decision-making, trial-by-trial fluctuations in motivation are not well understood. We review recent evidence supporting the motivational implications of signal fluctuations in the mesocorticolimbic system...
2016: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864095/optimization-of-an-in-vitro-chemotherapy-to-avoid-resistant-tumours
#19
Cécile Carrère
Chemotherapy use against solid tumours often results in the resistance of the cancer cells to the molecule used. In this paper, we will set up and analyse an ODE model for heterogeneous in vitro tumours, consisting of cells that are sensitive or resistant to a certain drug. We will then use this model to develop different protocols, that aim at reducing the tumour volume while preserving its heterogeneity. These drug administration schedules are determined through analysis of the system dynamics, and optimal control theory...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725688/optimal-control-of-complex-atomic-quantum-systems
#20
S van Frank, M Bonneau, J Schmiedmayer, S Hild, C Gross, M Cheneau, I Bloch, T Pichler, A Negretti, T Calarco, S Montangero
Quantum technologies will ultimately require manipulating many-body quantum systems with high precision. Cold atom experiments represent a stepping stone in that direction: a high degree of control has been achieved on systems of increasing complexity. However, this control is still sub-optimal. In many scenarios, achieving a fast transformation is crucial to fight against decoherence and imperfection effects. Optimal control theory is believed to be the ideal candidate to bridge the gap between early stage proof-of-principle demonstrations and experimental protocols suitable for practical applications...
October 11, 2016: Scientific Reports
keyword
keyword
86735
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"