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Streptococcus equi

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062002/cd44-enhances-macrophage-phagocytosis-and-plays-a-protective-role-in-streptococcus-equi-subsp-zooepidemicus-infection
#1
Qiang Fu, Zigong Wei, Pingping Xiao, Yaosheng Chen, Xiaohong Liu
Streptococcus equi subsp. zooepidemicus (S. zooepidemicus) is an important pathogen associated with a wide range of diseases in many mammalian species. CD44 is a transmembrane adhesion molecule involved in innate and adaptive immune responses. The aim of this study was to determine the protective role of CD44 during S. zooepidemicus infection. CD44-deficient mice exhibited reduced macrophage accumulation in the bronchoalveolar space and enhanced bacterial outgrowth and dissemination, which resulted in reduced mouse survival...
January 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997716/collagen-like-proteins-of-pathogenic-streptococci
#2
REVIEW
Slawomir Lukomski, Beth A Bachert, Flavia Squeglia, Rita Berisio
The collagen domain, which is defined by the presence of the Gly-X-Y triplet repeats, is amongst the most versatile and widespread known structures found in proteins from organisms representing all three domains of life. The streptococcal collagen-like (Scl) proteins are widely present in pathogenic streptococci, including Streptococcus pyogenes, S. agalactiae, S. pneumoniae, and S. equi. Experiments and bioinformatic analyses support the hypothesis that all Scl proteins are homotrimeric and cell wall-anchored...
December 20, 2016: Molecular Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901387/quantification-and-characterization-of-pleural-fluid-in-healthy-dogs-with-thoracostomy-tubes
#3
Germaine C Hung, M Casey Gaunt, Joseph E Rubin, Gregory S Starrak, Sherisse A Sakals
OBJECTIVE To quantify and characterize pleural fluid collected from healthy dogs after placement of a thoracostomy tube (TT). ANIMALS 8 healthy Coonhound-cross dogs (mean ± SD weight, 27.2 ± 1.6 kg). PROCEDURES Thoracic CT of each dog was performed before placement of a TT and daily thereafter for 7 days. Thoracic fluid volume was calculated from CT images. Effusion was aspirated when detected; volume was recorded, and cytologic analysis and bacterial culture were performed. RESULTS Mean ± SD volume of pleural effusion detected by CT was 1...
December 2016: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866939/-first-case-report-of-streptococcus-equi-subsp-zooepidemicus-post-infectious-acute-glomerulonephritis-in-france
#4
Nicolas Le-Berre, Pierre Filipozzi, Laurent Martin, Luc Frimat, Sophie Girerd
Post-infectious glomerulonephritis has become exceptional in France because streptococcus infections are well-treated. When they appear, clinical and biological symptoms are mostly typical and associate acute nephritic syndrome, acute renal failure, proteinuria, hematuria and low complement. We are reporting the first French case of acute post-infectious glomerulonephritis related to Streptococcus equi subsp. zooepidemicus, which is commonly found in horses and rarely in human pathology, and of which contamination is by direct contact with sick horses or by ingestion of non-pasteurized milk...
November 17, 2016: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847375/evaluation-of-veterinary-specific-interpretive-criteria-for-susceptibility-testing-of-streptococcus-equi-subspecies-with-trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole-and-trimethoprim-sulfadiazine
#5
Carmen Sadaka, Theo Kanellos, Luca Guardabassi, Joseph Boucher, Jeffrey L Watts
Antimicrobial susceptibility test results for trimethoprim-sulfadiazine with Streptococcus equi subspecies are interpreted based on human data for trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole. The veterinary-specific data generated in this study support a single breakpoint for testing trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole and/or trimethoprim-sulfadiazine with S. equi This study indicates trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole as an acceptable surrogate for trimethoprim-sulfadiazine with S. equi.
January 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829495/clinical-and-microbiological-features-of-bacteremia-with-streptococcus-equi
#6
Kristina Trell, Bo Nilson, Ann-Cathrine Petersson, Magnus Rasmussen
Streptococcus equi (SE) rarely causes human infections. We identified 18 SE isolates from blood cultures. The focus of infection was unknown (n = 5), arthritis (n = 3), catheter-related (n = 2), pneumonia (n = 2), or other (n = 6). There were no fatalities. Several patients had animal contacts but there were no indications of clonal outbreaks.
February 2017: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815272/extracellular-nucleases-of-streptococcus-equi-subsp-zooepidemicus-degrade-neutrophil-extracellular-traps-and-impair-macrophage-activity-of-the-host
#7
Fang Ma, Xiao Guo, Hongjie Fan
: The pathogen Streptococcus equi subsp. zooepidemicus is associated with a wide range of animals, including humans, and outbreaks frequently occur in pigs, equines, and goats. Thus far, few studies have assessed interactions between the host immune system and S. equi subsp. zooepidemicus and how these interactions explain the wide host spectrum of S. equi subsp. zooepidemicus Neutrophils, the first line of innate immunity, possess a defense mechanism called neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs), which primarily consist of DNA and granule proteins that trap bacteria via charge interactions...
January 15, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749921/novel-igg-degrading-enzymes-of-the-igde-protease-family-link-substrate-specificity-to-host-tropism-of-streptococcus-species
#8
Christian Spoerry, Pontus Hessle, Melanie J Lewis, Lois Paton, Jenny M Woof, Ulrich von Pawel-Rammingen
Recently we have discovered an IgG degrading enzyme of the endemic pig pathogen S. suis designated IgdE that is highly specific for porcine IgG. This protease is the founding member of a novel cysteine protease family assigned C113 in the MEROPS peptidase database. Bioinformatical analyses revealed putative members of the IgdE protease family in eight other Streptococcus species. The genes of the putative IgdE family proteases of S. agalactiae, S. porcinus, S. pseudoporcinus and S. equi subsp. zooepidemicus were cloned for production of recombinant protein into expression vectors...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726373/virulent-and-vaccine-strains-of-streptococcus-equi-ssp-zooepidemicus-have-different-influences-on-phagocytosis-and-cytokine-secretion-of-macrophages
#9
Jie Peng, Zhe Ma, Chengwei Hua, Huixing Lin, Hui Zhang, Chengping Lu, Hongjie Fan
Swine streptococcosis is a significant threat to the Chinese pig industry, and Streptococcus equi ssp. zooepidemicus (SEZ) is one of the major pathogens. SEZ ATCC35246 is a classical virulent strain, while SEZ ST171 is a Chinese attenuated vaccine strain. In this study, we employed stable isotope labeling by amino acids in cell culture and liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS) to determine the differential response of macrophages to infection by these two strains. Eighty-seven upregulated proteins and 135 downregulated proteins were identified...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684571/effect-of-dose-on-intra-articular-amikacin-sulfate-concentrations-following-intravenous-regional-limb-perfusion-in-horses
#10
Alison Harvey, Isabelle Kilcoyne, Barbara A Byrne, Jorge Nieto
OBJECTIVE: To compare synovial concentrations of amikacin following intravenous regional limb perfusion (IVRLP) with two different doses, and to compare their ability to reach target concentrations for bacterial isolates from common orthopedic conditions. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized crossover experiment. ANIMALS: Six adult horses. METHODS: Horses received IVRLP with 2 and 3 g of amikacin in the cephalic vein of alternate limbs (20 minutes tourniquet application and ≥14 days washout period)...
September 29, 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659898/reducing-exposure-to-pathogens-in-the-horse-a-preliminary-study-into-the-survival-of-bacteria-on-a-range-of-equine-bedding-types
#11
K Yarnell, M Le Bon, N Turton, M Savova, A McGlennon, S Forsythe
AIMS: To compare the rate of growth of four microbial strains that cause disease in the horse, on four commonly used types of bedding. The moisture-holding capacity of each bedding type was also tested. METHODS AND RESULTS: Microbial strains included Streptococcus equi, Streptococcus zooepidemicus, Fusobacterium necrophorum, Dichelobacter nodosus and Dermatophilus congolensis. The bedding types tested were Pinus sylvestris (Scots pine shavings), Pinus nigra (Corsican pine shavings), Picea sitchensis (Sitka spruce shavings), Cannabis sativa (hemp) and chopped wheat straw...
January 2017: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651915/streptococcus-equi-subspecies-equi-in-horses-in-israel-seroprevalence-and-strain-types
#12
S Tirosh-Levy, S E Blum, K F Steward, A S Waller, A Steinman
The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to determine the seroprevalence of Streptococcus equi in Israel, to monitor seropositive horses over time and to identify archived strains that were recovered from Israeli horses. A serological survey of 200 healthy horses on 20 farms throughout Israel was performed to detect recent exposure to S equi antigens A and C via indirect ELISA. Seroprevalence was 9.5 per cent (19/200) and positive horses were found in 30 per cent (6/20) of the farms. Sixteen horses that returned a positive serology result were retested three and six months later...
2016: Veterinary Record Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651677/molecular-characterization-of-virulence-genes-of-streptococcus-equi-subsp-equi-and-streptococcus-equi-subsp-zooepidemicus-in-equines
#13
R Javed, A K Taku, Rakhi Gangil, R K Sharma
AIM: The aim was to determine the occurrence of streptococci in equines in Jammu (R. S. Pura, Katra), characterization of Streptococci equi subsp. equi and Streptococcus equi subsp. zooepidemicus with respect to their virulence traits and to determine antibiotic sensitivity pattern of virulent Streptococcus isolates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 96 samples were collected from both clinically affected animals (exhibiting signs of respiratory tract disease) and apparently healthy animals and were sent to laboratory...
August 2016: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651668/strangles-in-arabian-horses-in-egypt-clinical-epidemiological-hematological-and-biochemical-aspects
#14
Ahmed N F Neamat-Allah, Hend M El Damaty
AIM: Respiratory tract infections are considered the major problem of equine worldwide. Strangles is an infectious and highly contagious respiratory bacterial disease of equine caused by Streptococcus equi. This study is aimed to evaluate some clinical and epidemiological investigation associated with strangles and to study the hematological and biochemical changes in 20 Arabian horse naturally infected with S. equi during the disease and after 10 days from treatment by procaine penicillin with benzathine penicillin...
August 2016: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27527760/molecular-surveillance-of-traditional-and-emerging-pathogens-associated-with-canine-infectious-respiratory-disease
#15
Nicola Decaro, Viviana Mari, Vittorio Larocca, Michele Losurdo, Gianvito Lanave, Maria Stella Lucente, Marialaura Corrente, Cristiana Catella, Stefano Bo, Gabriella Elia, Giorgio Torre, Erika Grandolfo, Vito Martella, Canio Buonavoglia
A molecular survey for traditional and emerging pathogens associated with canine infectious respiratory disease (CIRD) was conducted in Italy between 2011 and 2013 on a total of 138 dogs, including 78 early acute clinically ill CIRD animals, 22 non-clinical but exposed to clinically ill CIRD dogs and 38 CIRD convalescent dogs. The results showed that canine parainfluenza virus (CPIV) was the most commonly detected CIRD pathogen, followed by canine respiratory coronavirus (CRCoV), Bordetella bronchiseptica, Mycoplasma cynos, Mycoplasma canis and canine pneumovirus (CnPnV)...
August 30, 2016: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27490189/notes-from-the-field-fatal-infection-associated-with-equine-exposure-king-county-washington-2016
#16
Vance Kawakami, Krista Rietberg, Beth Lipton, Kaye Eckmann, Maryann Watkins, Hanna Oltean, Meagan Kay, Chantal Rothschild, Miwako Kobayashi, Chris Van Beneden, Jeff Duchin
On March 17, 2016, Public Health-Seattle & King County in Washington was notified of two persons who received a diagnosis of Streptococcus equi subspecies zooepidemicus (S. zooepidemicus) infections. S. zooepidemicus is a zoonotic pathogen that rarely causes human illness and is usually associated with consuming unpasteurized dairy products or with direct horse contact (1). In horses, S. zooepidemicus is a commensal bacterium that can cause respiratory, wound, and uterine infections (2). The health department investigated to determine the magnitude of the outbreak, identify risk factors, and offer recommendations...
August 5, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27461348/preliminary-study-of-tissue-concentrations-of-penicillin-after-local-administration-into-the-guttural-pouches-in-four-healthy-horses
#17
A Kendall, I G Mayhew, K Petrovski
BACKGROUND: Treatment of subclinical carriers of Streptococcus equi subsp. equi with a gelatine-penicillin formulation deposited in the guttural pouch has been empirically proposed, but data on local tissue penicillin concentrations after treatment are lacking. METHODS: We analysed tissue levels of penicillin after administration into the guttural pouches of four healthy horses. Two horses received local treatment with gelatine-penicillin and two horses received local treatment with an intramammary formulation of penicillin...
August 2016: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27461345/in-this-issue-august-2016-preventive-health-care-of-pony-club-horses%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-treatment-of-subclinical-streptococcus-equi-in-thoroughbreds%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-cardiac-biomarker-concentrations-in-canine-tick-paralysis%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-lead-toxicity-diagnosis-in-two-dogs%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-feline-leprosy
#18
EDITORIAL
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27429463/evolution-of-in-vitro-antimicrobial-resistance-in-an-equine-hospital-over-3-decades
#19
Annie Malo, Caroline Cluzel, Olivia Labrecque, Guy Beauchamp, Jean-Pierre Lavoie, Mathilde Leclere
This study identified antimicrobial resistance patterns of commonly isolated bacteria at the Equine Hospital of the Université de Montréal between 2007 and 2013, and compared the results with the resistance patterns observed in tests performed in previous decades in the same hospital. A total of 396 antimicrobial susceptibility tests were analyzed by the Kirby-Bauer method during the period 2007 to 2013 and compared to 233 and 255 tests completed in 1986 to 1988 and 1996 to 1998, respectively. The most common bacteria were Streptococcus equi subsp...
July 2016: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27388015/capsule-of-streptococcus-equi-subsp-zooepidemicus-hampers-the-adherence-and-invasion-of-epithelial-and-endothelial-cells-and-is-attenuated-during-internalization
#20
Bin Xu, Xiaomeng Pei, Yiqi Su, Zhe Ma, Hongjie Fan
Direct interaction between pathogens and host cells often is a prerequisite for colonization, infection and dissemination. Regulated production of capsular polysaccharide (CPS), which is made of hyaluronic acid, is essential for the pathogenicity of Streptococcus equi subsp. Zooepidemicus (SEZ). Here, we constructed a CPS-deleted mutant and analyzed it along with the parental wild-type strain in attachment and invasion of mammalian epithelial and endothelial cell lines. The CPS-deleted mutant exhibited significant increase in adherence and invasion by several orders of magnitude compared with the wild-type strain through quantitative analysis and electron microscopy observation...
August 2016: FEMS Microbiology Letters
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