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Parental influence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149251/parental-age-and-risk-of-lymphoid-neoplasms
#1
Gunnar Larfors, Ingrid Glimelius, Sandra Eloranta, Karin E Smedby
High parental age at childbirth has repeatedly been linked to childhood malignancies, while few studies have focused on the offspring's risk of adult cancer. In this population-based case-control study, we identified 32,000 patients with lymphoid neoplasms, diagnosed at ages 0-79 years during the period 1987-2011, and 160,000 matched controls in Sweden. Using prospectively registered data on their first-degree relatives, we evaluated the impact of parental age on the risk of lymphoid neoplasms by subtype. Overall, each 5-year increment in maternal age was associated with a 3% increase in incidence of offspring lymphoid neoplasms (hazard ratio = 1...
November 15, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149052/flanking-variation-influences-rates-of-stutter-in-simple-repeats
#2
August E Woerner, Jonathan L King, Bruce Budowle
It has been posited that the longest uninterrupted stretch (LUS) of tandem repeats, as defined by the number of exactly matching repeating motif units, is a better predictor of rates of stutter than the parental allele length (PAL). While there are cases where this hypothesis is likely correct, such as the 9.3 allele in the TH01 locus, there can be situations where it may not apply as well. For example, the PAL may capture flanking indel variations while remaining insensitive to polymorphisms in the repeat, and these haplotypic changes may impact the stutter rate...
November 17, 2017: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148602/nurses-professional-stigma-and-attitudes-towards-postpartum-women-with-severe-mental-illness
#3
Revital Ordan, Ron Shor, Michal Liebergall-Wischnitzer, Lawrence M Noble, Anita Noble
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine professional stigma and attitudes of parenthood towards postpartum women with severe mental illness and the association between postpartum nurses' attitudes and nursing interventions that promote motherhood. BACKGROUND: Stigma and attitudes toward parenthood of women with severe mental illness may influence nurses' clinical practices. DESIGN: Cross sectional, mixed methods. METHODS: The Stigma among Health Professionals towards People with Severe Mental Illness, Attitudes towards Parenthood among People with Severe Mental Illness and Nursing Interventions that Promote Becoming a Mother Questionnaires were used in the study, as well as qualitative analysis...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148066/predicting-the-use-of-corporal-punishment-child-aggression-parent-religiosity-and-the-bdnf-gene
#4
Reut Avinun, Maayan Davidov, David Mankuta, Ariel Knafo-Noam
Corporal punishment (CP) has been associated with deleterious child outcomes, highlighting the importance of understanding its underpinnings. Although several factors have been linked with parents' CP use, genetic influences on CP have rarely been studied, and an integrative view examining the interplay between different predictors of CP is missing. We focused on the separate and joint effects of religiosity, child aggression, parent's gender, and a valine (Val) to methionine (Met) substitution in the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene...
November 17, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145889/quality-of-life-in-children-with-infantile-hemangioma-a-case-control-study
#5
Chuan Wang, Yanan Li, Bo Xiang, Fei Xiong, Kai Li, Kaiying Yang, Siyuan Chen, Yi Ji
BACKGROUND: Infantile hemangioma (IH) is the most common vascular tumor in children. It is controversial whether IHs has effects on the quality of life (QOL) in patients of whom IH poses no threat or potential for complication. Thus, we conducted this study to evaluate the q QOL in patients with IH and find the predictors of poor QOL. METHODS: The PedsQL 4.0 Genetic Core Scales and the PedsQL family information form were administered to parents of children with IH and healthy children both younger than 2-year-old...
November 16, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145763/the-impact-of-students-with-left-behind-experiences-on-childhood-the-relationship-between-negative-life-events-and-depression-among-college-students-in-china
#6
Li Han, Sheng-Yu Zhao, Xuan-Ying Pan, Chuan-Jing Liao
BACKGROUND: The number of left-behind children in rural China has increased dramatically over the last decade. It is reported that about 21.88% of child population with an estimated number of 61 million are left-behind children whose parents leave them to work in cities. We conducted a cross-sectional study to explore the impacts of left-behind experience (LBE) on college students' depression and other influencing factors. AIM: This study discusses the mediation effect of self-esteem together with psychological resilience on college students with depression and negative life events of left-behind...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144433/the-influence-of-family-dog-ownership-and-parental-perceived-built-environment-measures-on-children-s-physical-activity-within-the-washington-dc-area
#7
Jennifer D Roberts, Lindsey Rodkey, Cortney Grisham, Rashawn Ray
Sedentary behavior and physical inactivity are significant contributors to youth obesity in the United States. Neighborhood dog walking is an outlet for physical activity (PA). Therefore, understanding the relationship between built environment, dog ownership, and youth PA is essential. This study examined the influence of dog ownership and parental built environment perceptions on children's PA in the Washington, D.C. area. In 2014, questionnaires were mailed to 2000 parents to assess family dog ownership; children's outdoor dog walking or playing; and parental perceived built environment measures...
November 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144146/legalization-of-recreational-marijuana-and-community-sales-policy-in-oregon-impact-on-adolescent-willingness-and-intent-to-use-parent-use-and-adolescent-use
#8
Julie C Rusby, Erika Westling, Ryann Crowley, John M Light
Studies investigating the impact of medical marijuana legalization have found no significant changes in adolescent use. In one of the few studies focused on recreational marijuana, we investigated how recreational marijuana legalization and community sales policy influenced factors that likely impact youth use (youth willingness and intent to use, parent use) as well as youth use. Legalization of recreational marijuana in Oregon coincided with our study on adolescent substance use. Cohort 1 transitioned from 8th to 9th grade prior to legalization and Cohort 2 made this transition during legalization (N = 444; 53% female)...
November 16, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143696/from-ah-to-bah-social-feedback-loops-for-speech-sounds-at-key-points-of-developmental-transition
#9
Julie Gros-Louis, Jennifer L Miller
Social feedback is a driving force for speech development. A recent study provided a key finding to explain how contingent responses influence developmental change: infant speech-related vocalizations are contingent on responses to prior speech-related vocalizations (Warlaumont et al., 2014). However, the study did not distinguish between different speech-related vocalizations, vowel-like (V) and consonant-vowel (CV) vocalizations, which is important because CV vocalizations are a precursor to words. The present study explored parents' responses to infants' vocalizations and infants' subsequent vocal production at a point when vocalizations become more like adult speech...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Child Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143607/features-of-ppd-b1-expression-regulation-and-their-impact-on-the-flowering-time-of-wheat-near-isogenic-lines
#10
Antonina A Kiseleva, Elena K Potokina, Elena A Salina
BACKGROUND: Photoperiod insensitive Ppd-1a alleles determine early flowering of wheat. Increased expression of homoeologous Ppd-D1a and Ppd-A1a result from deletions in the promoter region, and elevated expression of Ppd-B1a is determined by an increased copy number. RESULTS: In this study, using bread wheat cultivars Sonora and PSL2, which contrast in flowering time, and near-isogenic lines resulting from their cross, "Ppd-m" and "Ppd-w" with Ppd-B1a introgressed from Sonora, we investigated the putative factors that influence Ppd-B1a expression...
November 14, 2017: BMC Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143410/early-contributions-to-infants-mental-rotation-abilities
#11
Mihaela Constantinescu, David S Moore, Scott P Johnson, Melissa Hines
Some cognitive abilities exhibit reliable gender differences, with females outperforming males in specific aspects of verbal ability, and males showing an advantage on certain spatial tasks. Among these cognitive gender differences, differences in mental rotation are the most robust, and appear to be present even in infants. A large body of animal research suggests that gonadal hormones, particularly testosterone, during early development could contribute to this gender difference in mental rotation. Also, substantial evidence supports an influence of socialization on mental rotation performance...
November 15, 2017: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142650/early-childhood-development-and-iranian-parents-knowledge-a-qualitative-study
#12
Elham Habibi, Firouzeh Sajedi, Hosein Malek Afzali, Nikta Hatamizadeh, Soheila Shahshahanipour, Frances Page Glascoe
Background: Early childhood is the most important step throughout the lifespan and it is a critical period continuing to the end of 8-year-old. Mothers' knowledge is one of the important aspects of child development. The goals of this study were to determine the situation of knowledge in Iranian parents about the concept and the importance of early childhood development (ECD) and determining the sources of parental knowledge about ECD from the perspective of parents and grandparents. Methods: This qualitative study was conducted based on the directional content analysis in 2016...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142451/sexual-functioning-beliefs-about-sexual-functioning-and-quality-of-life-of-women-with-infertility-problems
#13
Prathibha Agustus, Manjula Munivenkatappa, Padmini Prasad
Background: The study was conducted in the background of paucity of studies examining the sexual and psychosocial functioning of women with infertility. Aims: The study explored sexual functioning in women with infertility problems, their beliefs about sexuality and their quality of life. Settings and Design: A single group exploratory design with non-probability purposive sampling was used. A total of 30 participants diagnosed with primary infertility were included in the study...
July 2017: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141704/human-competence-to-transmit-leishmania-infantum-to-lutzomyia-longipalpis-and-the-influence-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection
#14
Gabriel Reis Ferreira, José Carlos Castelo Branco Ribeiro, Antônio Meneses Filho, Teresinha de Jesus Cardoso Farias Pereira, Daniela Moura Parente, Humberto Feitosa Pereira, Jailthon Carlos da Silva, Danielle Alves Zacarias, Letiano Vieira da Silva, Symonara Karina Medeiros Faustino, Walfrido Salmito Almeida Neto, Dorcas Lamounier Costa, Ivete Lopes de Mendonça, Carlos Henrique Nery Costa
Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) caused by Leishmania infantum is a lethal disease transmitted by sand flies. Although, considered a zoonosis with dogs held as the main reservoirs, humans are also sources of infection. Therefore, control policies currently focused on dog culling may need to consider that VL and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/VL patients may also be infectious, contributing to transmission. Reservoir competence of patients with VL without and with HIV infection and of persons asymptomatically infected with Leishmania was assessed by xenodiagnosis with the vector Lutzomyia longipalpis...
November 6, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141397/supporting-low-income-cancer-patients-recommendations-for-the-public-financial-aid-program-in-the-republic-of-korea
#15
Hye Sook Min, Hyung Kook Yang, Keeho Park
Purpose: As the recent term of "financial toxicity" implies, cancer causes a treatment-related financial harm. Financial Aid Program for Cancer Patient (FAPCP) is a government's financial support for low-income patients in the Republic of Korea. This study aimed to describe FAPCP applicants' condition and to investigate factors influencing financial burden, which would provide the basis for implementing a strategy for FAPCP administration. Materials and Methods: The telephone survey results from 2,700 FAPCP participants were analyzed, including demographic, socioeconomic, and disease characteristics and experiences associated with financial burden and the actions or measures to cope with them...
November 15, 2017: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139216/patterns-and-drivers-of-fish-extirpations-in-rivers-of-the-american-southwest-and-southeast
#16
John S Kominoski, Albert Ruhí, Megan M Hagler, Kelly Petersen, John L Sabo, Tushar Sinha, Arumugam Sankarasubramanian, Julian D Olden
Effective conservation of freshwater biodiversity requires spatially explicit investigations of how dams and hydroclimatic alterations among climate regions may interact to drive species to extinction. We investigated how dams and hydroclimatic alterations interact with species ecological and life history traits to influence past extirpation probabilities of native freshwater fishes in the Upper and Lower Colorado River (CR), Alabama-Coosa-Tallapoosa (ACT), and Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint (ACF) basins...
November 15, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138302/disruption-of-the-opal-stop-codon-attenuates-chikungunya-virus-induced-arthritis-and-pathology
#17
Jennifer E Jones, Kristin M Long, Alan C Whitmore, Wes Sanders, Lance R Thurlow, Julia A Brown, Clayton R Morrison, Heather Vincent, Kayla M Peck, Christian Browning, Nathaniel Moorman, Jean K Lim, Mark T Heise
Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is a mosquito-borne alphavirus responsible for several significant outbreaks of debilitating acute and chronic arthritis and arthralgia over the past decade. These include a recent outbreak in the Caribbean islands and the Americas that caused more than 1 million cases of viral arthralgia. Despite the major impact of CHIKV on global health, viral determinants that promote CHIKV-induced disease are incompletely understood. Most CHIKV strains contain a conserved opal stop codon at the end of the viral nsP3 gene...
November 14, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136648/imprinting-alterations-in-sperm-may-not-significantly-influence-art-outcomes-and-imprinting-patterns-in-the-cord-blood-of-offspring
#18
Li Tang, Zichao Liu, Ruopeng Zhang, Cunmei Su, Wenjuan Yang, Youlin Yao, Shuhua Zhao
An increase in imprinting disorders in children conceived though assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs) has been the subject of several reports. The transmission of imprinting errors from the sperm of infertile fathers is believed to be a possible reason for the increased occurrence of these disorders. However, whether the imprinting alterations in sperm affect ART outcomes and the imprinting of offspring is unclear. In the current study, we analyzed the methylation of H19, SNRPN and KCNQ1OT1 by pyrosequencing sperm samples from 97 infertile patients and 31 proven fertile males as well as cord blood samples from 13 infantswho were conceived by infertile parents through intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) and 30 healthy newborns who were conceived naturally...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135979/a-systematic-review-of-grandparents-influence-on-grandchildren-s-cancer-risk-factors
#19
Stephanie A Chambers, Neneh Rowa-Dewar, Andrew Radley, Fiona Dobbie
Many lifestyle patterns are established when children are young. Research has focused on the potential role of parents as a risk factor for non communicable disease in children, but there is limited investigation of the role of other caregivers, such as grandparents. The aim of this review was to identify and synthesise evidence for any influence grandparents' care practices may have on their grandchildren's long term cancer risk factors. A systematic review was carried out with searches across four databases (MEDLINE, Embase, Web of Science, PsycINFO) as well as searches of reference lists and citing articles, and Google Scholar...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135950/establishing-smoke-free-homes-in-the-indigenous-populations-of-australia-new-zealand-canada-and-the-united-states-a-systematic-literature-review
#20
REVIEW
Leah Stevenson, Sandy Campbell, India Bohanna, Gillian S Gould, Jan Robertson, Alan R Clough
A smoke-free home can have multiple benefits by reducing exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS), supporting quit attempts among active smokers, and discouraging adolescents from taking up smoking. The aim of this review was to summarize the literature on the establishment of smoke-free homes in Indigenous populations and identify the supporting influences and barriers, using the Social Cognitive Theory lens. A search of the Medline, CINAHL, Cochrane Collaboration and PyscINFO databases and manual searches of relevant peer-reviewed literature was completed, focusing on Indigenous populations in developed economies of North America and Oceania...
November 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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