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Parental influence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646709/association-between-father-involvement-and-attitudes-in-early-child-rearing-and-depressive-symptoms-in-the-pre-adolescent-period-in-a-uk-birth-cohort
#1
Charles Opondo, Maggie Redshaw, Maria A Quigley
BACKGROUND: Much of the research on parenting and its influence on child development has emphasised the mother's role. However, increasing evidence highlights the important role of fathers in the development, health and well-being of their children. We sought to explore the association between paternal involvement in early child-rearing and depressive symptoms in 9 and 11 year-old children. METHODS: We used data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) cohort recruited in the southwest of England...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646078/stereospecific-metabolism-of-r-and-s-warfarin-by-human-hepatic-cytosolic-reductases
#2
Dustyn A Barnette, Bryce Johnson, Dakota L Pouncey, Robert Nshimiyimana, Linda Desrochers, Thomas E Goodwin, Grover Paul Miller
Coumadin (rac-warfarin) is the most commonly used anticoagulant in the world, yet its clinical use is often challenging due to a narrow therapeutic range and inter-individual variations in response. A critical contributor to the uncertainty is variability in warfarin metabolism, which includes mostly oxidative but also reductive pathways. Reduction of each warfarin enantiomer yields two warfarin alcohol isomers, and the corresponding four alcohols retain varying levels of anticoagulant activity. Studies on the kinetics of warfarin reduction have often lacked resolution of parent drug enantiomers and suffered from co-elution of pairs of alcohol metabolites; thus, those studies fail to establish the importance of individual, stereospecific reductive pathways...
June 23, 2017: Drug Metabolism and Disposition: the Biological Fate of Chemicals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644985/depressive-like-behavior-is-elevated-among-offspring-of-parents-exposed-to-dim-light-at-night-prior-to-mating
#3
Yasmine M Cissé, Kathryn L G Russart, Randy J Nelson
Rates of major depressive disorder (MDD) have steadily increased over the past 50 years. Many factors have been implicated in the etiology of depressive disorders and environmental influences are being increasingly recognized. The increase in depression rates has coincided with increased artificial nighttime lighting. Exposure to light at night (LAN) has been associated with increased depressive-like behavior in rodents and decreased mood in humans. However, relatively little is known on the multigenerational effects of dLAN on affect...
June 12, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644860/time-dependent-genetic-analysis-links-field-and-controlled-environment-phenotypes-in-the-model-c4-grass-setaria
#4
Max J Feldman, Rachel E Paul, Darshi Banan, Jennifer F Barrett, Jose Sebastian, Muh-Ching Yee, Hui Jiang, Alexander E Lipka, Thomas P Brutnell, José R Dinneny, Andrew D B Leakey, Ivan Baxter
Vertical growth of plants is a dynamic process that is influenced by genetic and environmental factors and has a pronounced effect on overall plant architecture and biomass composition. We have performed six controlled growth trials of an interspecific Setaria italica x Setaria viridis recombinant inbred line population to assess how the genetic architecture of plant height is influenced by developmental queues, water availability and planting density. The non-destructive nature of plant height measurements has enabled us to monitor height throughout the plant life cycle in both field and controlled environments...
June 23, 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643133/children-with-elevated-psychosocial-risk-load-benefit-most-from-a-family-based-preventive-intervention-exploratory-differential-analyses-from-the-german-strengthening-families-program-10-14-adaptation-trial
#5
Sonja Bröning, Christiane Baldus, Monika Thomsen, Peter-Michael Sack, Nicolas Arnaud, Rainer Thomasius
While the effectiveness of substance use prevention programs such as the Strengthening Families Program 10-14 (SFP) has been demonstrated in the USA, European SFP adaptations have not replicated these sizable effects. Following the rationale of the risk moderation hypothesis positing that elevated risk groups may benefit more from a preventive intervention than lower-risk groups, we reanalyzed evaluation data from a randomized controlled trial testing the adapted German version of SFP (SFP-D). We hypothesized a differential impact of risk status on intervention results...
June 22, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642795/why-do-the-youths-in-northeast-india-use-tobacco
#6
Laishram Ladusingh, Preeti Dhillon, Pralip Kumar Narzary
This study is an assessment of the influence of parent's tobacco use on prospective tobacco use trajectories among young offspring. The study is based on unit level data from District Level Household and Facility Survey-4 (2012-2013) comprising 27,706 youths in 15-24 years' age group from northeastern states of India and used multilevel regression to identify the potential risk factors of tobacco consumption. The likelihood of using tobacco was found to be 3.4 and 1.14 times more, respectively, for the youths coresiding with mothers who use tobacco and fathers who use tobacco, in comparison to youths staying with parents not taking tobacco...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642740/multigenerational-influences-of-the-fut2-gene-on-the-dynamics-of-the-gut-microbiota-in-mice
#7
Philipp Rausch, Sven Künzel, Abdulhadi Suwandi, Guntram A Grassl, Philip Rosenstiel, John F Baines
The FUT2 gene encodes an α-1,2-fucosyltransferase responsible for the expression of ABO histo-blood-group antigens on mucosal surfaces and bodily secretions. Individuals who carry at least one functional allele are known as "secretors," whereas those homozygous for loss-of-function mutations are known as "non-secretors." Non-secretor individuals are more susceptible to chronic inflammatory disorders such as Crohn's Disease, which may be mediated by alterations in the microbiota. Here, we investigated the dynamics of microbial community assembly with respect to genotype using a Fut2-deficient mouse model, taking the genotype of the maternal lineage over two generations into account...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641918/resistance-of-mice-to-leptospira-infection-and-correlation-with-chemokine-response
#8
R H Domingos, E B Pavanel, E Nakajima, L Schons-Fonseca, R M A Da Costa, M De Franco, E Carvalho, P L Ho, E A Martins, J B Da Silva
Leptospirosis is globally widespread neglected disease, affecting most mammalian species. Clinical signs can be confused with other diseases which make the diagnosis and treatment difficult. Chemokines and cytokines are known for their role in the inflammatory and immune response to infections. The profile determination of chemokines' expressions in the course of infection may elucidate the defense mechanisms of the host and support the search for effective treatment strategies. We investigated the mechanisms of innate immunity through the comparison of chemokines induced during infection with L...
May 26, 2017: Immunobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641740/the-power-of-language-nutrition-for-children-s-brain-development-health-and-future-academic-achievement
#9
Lauren Head Zauche, Ashley E Darcy Mahoney, Taylor A Thul, Michael S Zauche, Arianne B Weldon, Jennifer L Stapel-Wax
Language Nutrition, a term created to describe language exposure that is rich in quality and quantity and delivered in the context of social interactions, is crucial for a child's development and is strongly associated with his/her future literacy, academic achievement, and health. However, significant differences in children's early language environments contribute to disparities in their educational and health trajectories. Interventions, including book distribution programs, coaching parents to enrich their child's language environment, and public awareness campaigns, have all been shown to positively influence a child's access to language-rich interactions...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641508/is-longevity-a-heritable-trait-evidence-for-non-genomic-influence-from-an-extended-longevity-phenotype-of-drosophila-melanogaster
#10
S Deepashree, Thimmappa Shivanandappa, Saraf R Ramesh
BACKGROUND: Although genetic variations are heritable, some quantitative traits like longevity may have non-genomic influence in heritability. Laboratory-selected inbred strains of extended longevity phenotype of Drosophila offer an opportunity to study the inheritance of longevity. OBJECTIVE: To examine the heritability of longevity in an extended longevity phenotype of Drosophila melanogaster using reciprocal cross effects in F1 and F2 generations. METHODS: Lifespan variations of virgin and mated flies in parent, F1 and F2 generations were investigated using reciprocal crosses between normal and long lifespan lines of inbred population of D...
June 15, 2017: Current Aging Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641377/paternal-care-in-biparental-rodents-intra-and-inter-individual-variation
#11
Wendy Saltzman, Breanna N Harris, Trynke R De Jong, Juan P Perea-Rodriguez, Nathan D Horrell, Meng Zhao, Jacob R Andrew
Parental care by fathers, although rare among mmmals, can be essential for the survival and normal development of offspring in biparental species. A growing body of research on biparental rodents has identified several developmental and experiential influences on paternal responsiveness. Some of these factors, such as pubertal maturation, interactions with pups, and cues from a pregnant mate, contribute to pronounced changes in paternal responsiveness across the course of the lifetime in individual males. Others, particularly intrauterine position during gestation and parental care received during postnatal development, can have long-term effects on paternal behavior and contribute to stable differences among individuals within a species...
June 21, 2017: Integrative and Comparative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641167/exploring-the-role-of-knowledge-of-condition-and-psycho-social-profiles-of-young-people-with-epilepsy-during-transition
#12
Victoria Gray, Lucy Palmer, Kayleigh Whelby, Jacqui Vinten, Lucy Gait
Transitioning from paediatric to adult care can be a particularly challenging time for young people with epilepsy and research has shown that there are a range of factors which may influence a young person's ability to successfully cope with this difficult time. The following study aimed to explore the psychosocial characteristics of this transitioning population, as well as investigate how knowledgeable the young person and their parent/carer are of their own condition throughout transition. Young people with epilepsy were recruited from two specialist epilepsy clinics in the North West and allocated to one of three groups; Group 1 pre-transition, Group 2 transitioning, and Group 3 post-transition...
June 19, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641090/injunctive-safety-norms-young-worker-risk-taking-behaviors-and-workplace-injuries
#13
Simon Pek, Nick Turner, Sean Tucker, E Kevin Kelloway, Jayne Morrish
Injunctive safety norms (ISNs) refer to perceptions of others' expectations of one's safety-related conduct. Drawing on a sample of Canadian young workers (n=11,986;M age=17.90years; 55% males), we study the relationships among four sources of non-work-related (i.e., parents, siblings, friends, teachers), two sources of work-related (i.e., supervisors, co-workers) ISNs, young workers' self-reported work-related risk-taking behaviors, and workplace injuries. Structural equation modeling suggests that ISNs from parents, supervisors, and co-workers were related to less frequent work-related risk-taking behaviors, and with fewer workplace injuries via less frequent work-related risk-taking behaviors...
June 19, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640232/why-do-children-engage-in-sedentary-behavior-child-and-parent-perceived-determinants
#14
Lisan M Hidding, Teatske M Altenburg, Evi van Ekris, Mai J M Chinapaw
Todays children spend a large amount of their time sedentary. There is limited evidence on the determinants of sedentary behavior in children, and qualitative studies are especially lacking. Therefore, this study aimed to explore determinants of children's sedentary behavior from the child- and parent perspective. Qualitative data were collected during concept mapping sessions with four groups of 11-13 years old children (n = 38) and two online sessions with parents (n = 21). Children and parents generated sedentary behavior motives, sorted related motives, and rated their importance in influencing children's sedentary time...
June 22, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639820/adolescent-sympathetic-activity-and-salivary-c-reactive-protein-the-effects-of-parental-behavior
#15
Benjamin W Nelson, Michelle L Byrne, Julian G Simmons, Sarah Whittle, Orli S Schwartz, Eric C Reynolds, Neil M O'Brien-Simpson, Lisa Sheeber, Nicholas B Allen
OBJECTIVE: This study utilized a novel multisystem approach to investigate the effect of observed parental behavior on the relationship between biological mechanisms associated with disease processes (i.e., autonomic physiology and immune response) among their adolescent children. METHOD: Thirty-three adolescents (23 males), aged 11-13, and their parents participated in a laboratory session in which adolescents provided baseline measures of autonomic (sympathetic) activity, and adolescents and 1 parent participated in a laboratory based dyadic conflict resolution interaction task...
June 22, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639805/how-do-parent-expectations-promote-child-academic-achievement-in-early-elementary-school-a-test-of-three-mediators
#16
John Loughlin-Presnal, Karen L Bierman
Using a longitudinal mediation framework and a low-income sample, this study had 2 aims: (a) to model bidirectional associations between parent academic expectations and child academic outcomes from first through fifth grade, and (b) to explore 3 mediators of parental influence: parent involvement in child schooling, child learning behaviors, and child perceived academic competence. Participants included 356 children and their caregivers (89% mothers) recruited from Head Start centers (58% European American, 25% African American, 17% Latino)...
June 22, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639700/systematic-review-health-related-quality-of-life-in-children-and-adults-with-eosinophilic-oesophagitis-instruments-for-measurement-and-determinant-factors
#17
REVIEW
A J Lucendo, L Arias-González, J Molina-Infante, Á Arias
BACKGROUND: Several measures have been used to assess the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of patients with eosinophilic oesophagitis (EoE). AIMS: To systematically review these HRQoL measures, to appraise measurement properties of specific instruments and to evaluate determinant factors influencing HRQoL in paediatric and adult EoE patients. METHODS: We searched the PubMed, Embase, Scopus, Web of Science (WOS) and PsycINFO databases for documents providing original information on the development of measurement tools and/or evaluation of HRQoL outcomes in EoE patients of all ages...
June 22, 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639687/risk-indicators-of-early-childhood-caries-ecc-in-children-with-high-treatment-needs
#18
Iris Kraljevic, Cornelia Filippi, Andreas Filippi
Early childhood caries (ECC) represents a major health and economic problem worldwide. Its consequences such as early pain experience may affect the immediate and long-term quality of life of the child. In very young and uncooperative children the therapy of ECC is often viable only under general anesthesia. After treatment these affected children have a higher risk for future caries either soon thereafter, or later in life. The aim of the present study was to determine risk indicators and their correlation among children with high caries prevalence and high treatment needs, in order to facilitate the development of targeted prophylaxis programs that would reduce future occurrences of ECC or at least positively influence the outcome...
2017: Swiss Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639396/the-influence-of-parental-concern-on-the-utility-of-autism-diagnostic-instruments
#19
Karoline Alexandra Havdahl, Somer L Bishop, Pål Surén, Anne-Siri Øyen, Catherine Lord, Andrew Pickles, Stephen von Tetzchner, Synnve Schjølberg, Nina Gunnes, Mady Hornig, W Ian Lipkin, Ezra Susser, Michaeline Bresnahan, Per Magnus, Nina Stenberg, Ted Reichborn-Kjennerud, Camilla Stoltenberg
The parental report-based Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised (ADI-R) and the clinician observation-based Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS) have been validated primarily in U.S. clinics specialized in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), in which most children are referred by their parents because of ASD concern. This study assessed diagnostic agreement of the ADOS-2 and ADI-R toddler algorithms in a more broadly based sample of 679 toddlers (age 35-47 months) from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort...
June 22, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639335/a-systematic-review-on-identifying-risk-factors-associated-with-early-sexual-debut-and-coerced-sex-among-adolescents-and-young-people-in-communities
#20
REVIEW
Regina Lai Tong Lee, Alice Yuen Loke, Tsz Man Tommy Hung, Howard Sobel
AIM: To review literature on identifying the risk factors associated with early sexual coerced debut with the aim to facilitate the health care workers' planning of relevant health services to improve intervention strategies for delaying of early coerced sexual debut or forced sexual debut (CSD/FSD) in the communities. BACKGROUND: Identifying the risk factors associated with coercion at first sex is crucial for developing appropriate sexual and reproductive health information and health promotion in response...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
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