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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929805/-it-feels-like-something-difficult-is-coming-back-to-haunt-me-an-exploration-of-meltdowns-associated-with-autistic-spectrum-disorder-from-a-parental-perspective
#1
Indiana Montaque, Rudi Dallos, Becky McKenzie
The research explored the experience and understandings expressed by parents of children with autism concerning 'meltdowns', which are commonly described as distressing, escalating episodes of conflicts. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with six parents of children with a diagnosis of autism regarding their experience of 'meltdowns'. Parents were asked to track the process of the meltdowns as well as to describe their experiences. Three over-arching themes emerged which encapsulated their experience: Living in Dread: Anxiety and fear of escalating patterns, Attempting to Correct for Negative Childhood Experiences and Condemnation from the Self and Others...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929413/accessing-support-before-or-after-a-parent-dies-from-cancer-and-young-people-s-current-wellbeing
#2
A Varathakeyan, F E J McDonald, P Patterson, K Nicholson Perry, K R Allison
PURPOSE: To examine differences in distress and unmet needs between bereaved adolescent and young adult (AYA) offspring who accessed support before and after being bereaved by parental cancer, and to explore aspects of their cancer experience that influenced their help-seeking. METHODS: Phase 1: Surveys completed by AYAs (11-26 years) bereaved by parental cancer were subjected to analysis of covariance examining differences in distress and unmet needs between those who accessed support before (n = 159) and after (n = 212) parental bereavement...
September 19, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928681/how-does-l1-and-l2-exposure-impact-l1-performance-in-bilingual-children-evidence-from-polish-english-migrants-to-the-united-kingdom
#3
Ewa Haman, Zofia Wodniecka, Marta Marecka, Jakub Szewczyk, Marta Białecka-Pikul, Agnieszka Otwinowska, Karolina Mieszkowska, Magdalena Łuniewska, Joanna Kołak, Aneta Miękisz, Agnieszka Kacprzak, Natalia Banasik, Małgorzata Foryś-Nogala
Most studies on bilingual language development focus on children's second language (L2). Here, we investigated first language (L1) development of Polish-English early migrant bilinguals in four domains: vocabulary, grammar, phonological processing, and discourse. We first compared Polish language skills between bilinguals and their Polish non-migrant monolingual peers, and then investigated the influence of the cumulative exposure to L1 and L2 on bilinguals' performance. We then examined whether high exposure to L1 could possibly minimize the gap between monolinguals and bilinguals...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927515/personal-and-perceived-depression-stigma-among-arab-adolescents-associations-with-depression-severity-and-personal-characteristics
#4
Latefa Ali Dardas, Susan G Silva, Moria J Smoski, Devon Noonan, Leigh Ann Simmons
BACKGROUND: In Arab communities, the selection, utilization, and attitudes towards mental health services are substantially affected by existing mental illness stigma. However, little is known about how the stigma of depression manifests among Arab adolescents, which makes it difficult to design, implement, and disseminate effective anti-stigma interventions for this vulnerable population. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine levels of depression stigma among Arab adolescents...
October 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927384/heterogeneity-in-coverage-for-measles-and-varicella-vaccination-in-toddlers-analysis-of-factors-influencing-parental-acceptance
#5
Christine Hagemann, Andrea Streng, Alexander Kraemer, Johannes G Liese
BACKGROUND: In 2004, routine varicella vaccination was introduced in Germany for children aged 11-14 months. Routine measles vaccination had already been introduced in 1973 for the same age group, but coverage is still too low (<95%) in some areas to eliminate measles. The present study assessed varicella and measles vaccination coverage and determinants of parental acceptance in two study regions, situated in Northern and Southern Bavaria (Germany). METHODS: From 2009 to 2011, annual cross-sectional parent surveys were performed on random samples of 600 children aged 18-36 months in the Bavarian regions of both Munich and Würzburg...
September 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927322/-it-s-important-that-we-learn-too-empowering-parents-to-facilitate-participation-in-physical-activity-for-children-and-youth-with-disabilities
#6
Claire E Willis, Siobhan Reid, Catherine Elliott, Astrid Nyquist, Reidun Jahnsen, Michael Rosenberg, Sonya Girdler
AIM: The actions and behaviors of parents have been identified as key factors that influence a child's participation in physical activity. However, there is limited knowledge of how parents can be supported to embody facilitative roles. This study aimed to explore how an ecological intervention encourages parents of children with disabilities to develop as facilitators, to enable ongoing physical activity participation in a child's local environment. METHODS: A qualitative design using grounded theory was employed...
September 20, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926777/experience-as-knowledge-disability-distillation-and-reprogenetic-decision-making
#7
Felicity K Boardman
'Experiential knowledge' is increasingly recognised as an important influence on reproductive decision-making. 'Experiential knowledge of disability' in particular is a significant resource within prenatal testing/screening contexts, enabling prospective parents to imagine and appraise future lives affected by disability. However, the concept of 'experiential knowledge' has been widely critiqued for its idiosyncrasy, its impermanence and consequently its perceived inferiority to (medical) knowledge. This paper explores some of these key critiques of experiential knowledge through an analysis of its constitution and uses in the context of reproductive decision-making...
September 8, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926150/facilitation-of-child-health-research-in-hospital-settings-the-views-of-nurses
#8
J Brown, O Barr, M Lindsay, E Ennis, S O'Neill
BACKGROUND: Child health research in clinical practice is increasing throughout the UK. Nurses and midwives facilitate access to patients, enact research study protocols and have a critical role in parental decisions to enrol children into research studies. Little is known about their perception of this process. AIMS & OBJECTIVES: To explore the views of nurses towards child health research and to identify factors influencing their willingness to facilitate it in practice...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925538/maternal-intelligence-quotient-iq-predicts-iq-and-language-in-very-preterm-children-at-age-5%C3%A2-years
#9
Rachel E Lean, Rachel A Paul, Christopher D Smyser, Cynthia E Rogers
BACKGROUND: Sociodemographic factors are linked to cognitive outcomes in children born very preterm (VPT; ≤30 weeks gestation). The influence of maternal intellectual ability, a heritable trait, is unknown. Also undetermined is the extent to which associations between maternal and child intellectual ability vary according to parenting behaviors that target cognitive stimulation in the home. METHODS: At age 5 years, 84 VPT and 38 demographically matched full-term (FT) children underwent neurodevelopmental assessment...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925341/physiological-attunement-in-mother-infant-dyads-at-clinical-high-risk-the-influence-of-maternal-depression-and-positive-parenting
#10
Cassandra L Hendrix, Zachary N Stowe, D Jeffrey Newport, Patricia A Brennan
A growing number of research studies have examined the intradyadic coregulation (or attunement) of hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis functioning in mothers and their children. However, it is unclear how early this coregulation may be present in dyads at clinical high risk and whether certain factors, such as maternal depression or positive parenting, are associated with the strength of this coregulation. The present study examined cortisol attunement within mother-infant dyads in a high-risk sample of 233 mothers who received treatment for psychiatric illness during pregnancy and whose infants were 6 months old at the study visit...
September 19, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925273/-current-trends-in-gamete-donation-psychosocial-and-ethical-issues
#11
T Rumpíková, I Oborná, H Konečná
OBJECTIVE: To overview contemporary knowledge of legal and psychosocial rules in gamete donation. Previously, anonymous donation was preferred and recommended by experts but currently, with respect to the right to know the genetic origin of individuals, the relation to donor anonymity was reconsidered in many countries. There is a growing tendency to introduce the open identity system in gamete donation. Such system may guarantee that the child born after gamete donation may have receive the identification data of the donor of gametes...
2017: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925063/the-decline-in-adult-activities-among-u-s-adolescents-1976-2016
#12
Jean M Twenge, Heejung Park
The social and historical contexts may influence the speed of development. In seven large, nationally representative surveys of U.S. adolescents 1976-2016 (N = 8.44 million, ages 13-19), fewer adolescents in recent years engaged in adult activities such as having sex, dating, drinking alcohol, working for pay, going out without their parents, and driving, suggesting a slow life strategy. Adult activities were less common when median income, life expectancy, college enrollment, and age at first birth were higher and family size and pathogen prevalence were lower, consistent with life history theory...
September 18, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924002/variations-in-infant-and-childhood-vitamin-d-supplementation-programs-across-europe-and-factors-influencing-adherence
#13
Suma Uday, Ardita Kongjonaj, Magda Aguiar, Ted Tulchinsky, Wolfgang Hoegler
BACKGROUND: Nutritional rickets is a growing global public health concern despite existing prevention programs and health policies. We aimed to compare infant and childhood vitamin D supplementation policies, implementation strategies and practices across Europe and explore factors influencing adherence. METHODS: European Society for Paediatric Endocrinology Bone and Growth Plate Working Group members and other specialists completed a questionnaire on country-specific vitamin D supplementation policy and child healthcare programs, socioeconomic factors, policy implementation strategies, and adherence...
September 18, 2017: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923032/big-hearts-small-hands-a-focus-group-study-exploring-parental-food-portion-behaviours
#14
Kristina Curtis, Louise Atkins, Katherine Brown
BACKGROUND: The development of healthy food portion sizes among families is deemed critical to childhood weight management; yet little is known about the interacting factors influencing parents' portion control behaviours. This study aimed to use two synergistic theoretical models of behaviour: the COM-B model (Capability, Opportunity, Motivation - Behaviour) and Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF) to identify a broad spectrum of theoretically derived influences on parents' portion control behaviours including examination of affective and habitual influences often excluded from prevailing theories of behaviour change...
September 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922456/adolescents-lived-experiences-of-making-health-choices-an-ethical-point-of-view
#15
Tanja Moilanen, Anna-Maija Pietilä, Margaret Coffey, Sanna Sinikallio, Mari Kangasniemi
This study describes and interprets adolescents' lived experiences of their rights, duties and responsibilities in relation to their health choices. Fourteen focus group interviews with 67 adolescents aged 15 and 16 were conducted and analysed using the phenomenological hermeneutical method. Adolescents' lived experiences of their rights in relation to their health choices were described as things that were allowed. Duties and responsibilities were perceived as something that they were required to carry out for their own health or other people's health...
September 18, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921187/moderation-of-genetic-influences-on-alcohol-involvement-by-rural-residency-among-adolescents-results-from-the-1962-national-merit-twin-study
#16
Christal N Davis, Shanaliz S Natta, Wendy S Slutske
Adolescents in rural and urban areas may experience different levels of environmental restrictions on alcohol use, with those in rural areas experiencing greater monitoring and less access to alcohol. Such restrictions may limit expression of genetic vulnerability for alcohol use, resulting in a gene-environment interaction (G × E). This phenomenon has previously been reported in Finnish and Minnesota adolescents. The current study used data from 839 same-sex twin pairs from the 1962 National Merit Scholarship Qualifying Test to determine whether the G × E interaction would be evident in this earlier time period...
September 18, 2017: Behavior Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919869/factors-influencing-parents-preferences-and-parents-perceptions-of-child-preferences-of-picturebooks
#17
Laura Wagner
This study examined factors influencing parents' preferences and their perceptions of their children's preferences for picturebooks. First, a content analysis was conducted on a set of picturebooks (N = 87) drawn from the sample described in Wagner (2013); Then, parents (N = 149) rated the books and several content properties were examined for their ability to predict parents' preferences and their perception of their children's preferences. The initial content analysis found correlated clusters of disparate measures of complexity (linguistic, cognitive, narrative) and identified a distinctive sub-genre of modern books featuring female protagonists...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919088/resilience-in-mathematics-after-early-brain-injury-the-roles-of-parental-input-and-early-plasticity
#18
Dana E Glenn, Özlem Ece Demir-Lira, Dominic J Gibson, Eliza L Congdon, Susan C Levine
Children with early focal unilateral brain injury show remarkable plasticity in language development. However, little is known about how early brain injury influences mathematical learning. Here, we examine early number understanding, comparing cardinal number knowledge of typically developing children (TD) and children with pre- and perinatal lesions (BI) between 42 and 50 months of age. We also examine how this knowledge relates to the number words children hear from their primary caregivers early in life...
July 24, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918521/relation-of-parent-knowledge-to-glycemic-control-among-emerging-adults-with-type-1-diabetes-a-mediational-model
#19
Vicki S Helgeson, Abigail Kunz Vaughn, Howard Seltman, Trevor Orchard, Dorothy Becker, Ingrid Libman
The study goal was to examine the links of parent knowledge of children's behavior to diabetes outcomes and to test a mediational model that focused on psychological distress and self-care behavior. We recruited 132 adolescents (average age 12) and followed them to average age 23. At age 23 (n = 107), we conducted in-person interviews with these emerging adults to measure parent knowledge, psychological distress, self-care behavior and glycemic control. We used structural equation modeling to test our hypotheses with these cross-sectional data...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917238/qualitative-study-of-eating-habits-in-bruneian-primary-school-children
#20
Tajidah Talip, Rajiah Serudin, Salmah Noor, Nik Tuah
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Childhood obesity is a serious public health issue globally and poor eating habits are an important contributing factor. This study aimed to explore the perceptions, practices and attitudes towards healthy eating in Bruneian primary school children. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A qualitative study was conducted among 40 subjects involving 18 children (aged 9-10 years old), 12 parents and 10 teachers, who were recruited from two primary schools using convenience sampling...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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