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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820632/media-presentation-of-breastfeeding-beliefs-in-newspapers
#1
Rose Hitt, Jie Zhuang, Jennifer Anderson
Despite numerous health benefits for babies and mothers, many women do not either initiate or continue breastfeeding for the recommended duration, and increasing breastfeeding is a national priority. It is important to understand media messages on the topic, given that breastfeeding is influenced by many environmental factors and that perceived norms, social support, and perceptions of difficulties predict breastfeeding. The current study analyzes how media covers (1) breastfeeding in general, (2) public breastfeeding, and (3) extended breastfeeding (past 1 year)...
August 18, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820455/beverage-intake-among-children-associations-with-parent-and-home-related-factors
#2
Arwa Zahid, Cynthia Davey, Marla Reicks
Beverage intake can influence child diet quality in a positive or negative manner depending on the beverage type and amounts consumed. Parenting practices such as role modeling and control of home beverage availability have been associated with child beverage intake, whereas examination of the influence of parental beverage nutrition knowledge has been more limited. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between sugar-sweetened and dairy beverage intake among children (9-12 years) and home and parental factors...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819897/teachers-and-parents-perspectives-on-a-curricular-subject-of-religion-and-spirituality-for-indian-schools-a-pilot-study-toward-school-mental-health-program
#3
Parameshwaran Ramakrishnan, Andrew Baccari, Uma Ramachandran, Syed Faiz Ahmed, Harold G Koenig
Religious-spiritual (R/S) education helps medical students cope with caregiving stress and gain skills in interpersonal empathy needed for clinical care. Such R/S education has been introduced into K-12 and college curricula in some developed nations and has been found to positively impact student's mental health. Such a move has not yet been seen in the Indian education system. This paper aimed to examine perspectives of teachers and parents in India on appropriateness, benefits, and challenges of including R/S education into the school curriculum and also to gather their impressions on how a R/S curriculum might promote students' health...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819549/metastatic-state-of-parent-cells-influences-the-uptake-and-functionality-of-prostate-cancer-cell-derived-extracellular-vesicles
#4
Elisa Lázaro-Ibáñez, Maarit Neuvonen, Maarit Takatalo, Uma Thanigai Arasu, Cristian Capasso, Vincenzo Cerullo, Johng S Rhim, Kirsi Rilla, Marjo Yliperttula, Pia R-M Siljander
Extracellular vesicles (EVs), including microvesicles and exosomes, mediate intercellular signalling which has a profound role in cancer progression and in the development of metastasis. Internalisation of EVs can prompt functional changes in the recipient cells, the nature of which depends on the molecular composition and the cargo of the EVs. We hypothesised that the metastatic stage of cancerous parent cells would determine the uptake efficacy and the subsequent functional effects of the respective cancer cell-derived EVs...
2017: Journal of Extracellular Vesicles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818108/association-of-parents-and-children-s-physical-activity-and-sedentary-time-in-year-4-8-9-and-change-between-year-1-5-6-and-year-4-a-longitudinal-study
#5
Russell Jago, Emma Solomon-Moore, Corrie Macdonald-Wallis, Janice L Thompson, Deborah A Lawlor, Simon J Sebire
BACKGROUND: Parents could be important influences on child physical activity and parents are often encouraged to be more active with their child. This paper examined the association between parent and child physical activity and sedentary time in a UK cohort of children assessed when the children were in Year 1 (5-6 years old) and in Year 4 (8-9 years old). METHODS: One thousand two hundred twenty three children and parents provided data in Year 4 and of these 685 participated in Year 1...
August 17, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816808/influences-on-infant-feeding-perceptions-of-mother-father-parent-dyads
#6
Wilson Majee, Matthew J Thullen, Alexandra N Davis, Tarunjot K Sethi
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine interrelational-, organizational-, and community-level influences on how coparents collaborate about infant and toddler feeding. STUDY DESIGN AND SAMPLE: Using qualitative methods, we interviewed mother-father parent dyads to explore the potential influences on infant and toddler feeding. Participants were purposively recruited from two Midwest, rural, university-system pediatric clinics. Thematic analysis was used to code the data...
September 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816464/influence-of-father-infant-relationship-on-infant-development-a-father-involvement-intervention-in-vietnam
#7
Lynn A Rempel, John K Rempel, Toan Nang Khuc, Le Thi Vui
We examined the extent to which fathers can be taught and encouraged to develop positive relationships with their children, especially in infancy, and the effects of this fathering intervention on infant development. A multifaceted relationally focused intervention was used to assist fathers in Vietnam to engage in responsive direct and indirect involvement with their infants and work together with the mother as part of a parenting team. Fathers and mothers from 13 communes in a rural and semiurban district were recruited to the intervention group...
August 17, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815580/deciding-to-come-out-to-parents-toward-a-model-of-sexual-orientation-disclosure-decisions
#8
Erika L Grafsky
The purpose of this study was to conduct research to understand nonheterosexual youths' decision to disclose their sexual orientation information to their parents. The sample for this study includes 22 youth between the ages of 14 and 21. Constructivist grounded theory guided the qualitative methodology and data analysis. The findings from this study posit an emerging model of sexual orientation disclosure decisions comprised of four interrelated factors that influence the decision to disclose or not disclose, as well as a description of the mechanism through which disclosure either does or does not occur...
August 16, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815488/exploring-vaccine-hesitancy-through-an-artist-scientist-collaboration-visualizing-vaccine-critical-parents-health-beliefs
#9
Kaisu Koski, Johan Holst
This project explores vaccine hesitancy through an artist-scientist collaboration. It aims to create better understanding of vaccine hesitant parents' health beliefs and how these influence their vaccine-critical decisions. The project interviews vaccine-hesitant parents in the Netherlands and Finland and develops experimental visual-narrative means to analyse the interview data. Vaccine-hesitant parents' health beliefs are, in this study, expressed through stories, and they are paralleled with so-called illness narratives...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815434/measles-vaccination-is-best-for-children-the-argument-for-relying-on-herd-immunity-fails
#10
Johan Christiaan Bester
This article examines an argument which may negatively influence measles vaccination uptake. According to the argument, an individual child in a highly vaccinated society may be better off by being non-vaccinated; the child does not risk vaccine adverse effects and is protected against measles through herd immunity. Firstly, the conclusion of the argument is challenged by showing that herd immunity's protection is unreliable and inferior to vaccination. Secondly, the logic of the argument is challenged by showing that the argument is inherently self-defeating and therefore logically inconsistent...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814729/thermally-induced-crystallization-hole-transport-nlo-and-photovoltaic-activity-of-a-bis-diarylamine-based-push-pull-molecule
#11
Yue Jiang, Magali Allain, Denis Gindre, Sylvie Dabos-Seignon, Philippe Blanchard, Clément Cabanetos, Jean Roncali
The synthesis of a molecule constituted of two diarylamine-based push-pull chromophores covalently linked via their nitrogen atom is described. Comparison of the electronic properties with the parent monomer shows that dimerization has negligible influence on the electronic properties of the molecule but exerts a dramatic impact on the capacity of the material to self-reorganize. Application of thermal annealing to thin films induces the crystallization under original morphologies, a process accompanied by a partial bleaching of the absorption in the visible range and by a huge increase of hole-mobility...
August 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813364/parenting-in-sport
#12
REVIEW
Camilla J Knight, Steffan R Berrow, Chris G Harwood
This paper provides a brief summary and commentary on the growing literature on parenting in sport, with a particular emphasis on literature from the last 2-3 years. Following a brief introduction overviewing the topic area, we firstly focus on the influence of parental involvement on children. Specifically, we examine the range of factors that influence children's perceptions of parental involvement and the consequences of different behaviors. Next we discuss the factors influencing parental involvement, such as the challenges and stressors associated with parenting children in sport and the culture within different sports...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813276/fathers-fathering-and-child-psychopathology
#13
REVIEW
Beth Barker, Jane E Iles, Paul G Ramchandani
The last few years have seen a steady increase in research addressing the potential influence of fathers on their children's development. There has also been a clearer acknowledgement of the need to study families as a complex system, rather than just focusing on individual aspects of functioning in one or other parent. Increased father involvement and more engaged styles of father-infant interactions are associated with more positive outcomes for children. Studies of paternal depression and other psychopathology have begun to elucidate some of the key mechanisms by which fathers can influence their children's development...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813262/parenting-in-acculturation-two-contemporary-research-designs-and-what-they-tell-us
#14
REVIEW
Marc H Bornstein
Massive population transfers are common today. To understand how immigrants negotiate variation and adjustment as they settle in a new culture, researchers have explored acculturation, the changes that individuals and groups undergo as a result of contact with a culture not their own. Parents have crucial roles to play in acculturation. Parenting is instantiated in cognitions and practices, and cognitions and practices of parents are multifaceted and influenced by many factors, including parents' own individual characteristics, their children, and their cultural experiences...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813258/the-added-value-of-rodent-models-in-studying-parental-influence-on-offspring-development-opportunities-limitations-and-future-perspectives
#15
REVIEW
Jelle Knop, Marian Joëls, Rixt van der Veen
Over the past decades, the influence of parental care on offspring development has been a topic of extensive research in both human and animal models. Rodent models offer several unique advantages over human studies, allowing for higher levels of environmental control, exploration of interventions, genetic control and examination of underlying neurobiological mechanisms in greater spatiotemporal detail. Although exploitation of these opportunities has led to increased understanding of the neurobiological mechanisms underlying susceptibility to the early-life environment, translation of results to human parenting and child development appears to be challenging...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813251/genetic-differential-susceptibility-to-the-effects-of-parenting
#16
REVIEW
Jay Belsky, Marinus H van IJzendoorn
Intervention efforts aimed at remediating or preventing problems in children typically prove only moderately effective due to substantial heterogeneity in their efficacy. It thus becomes important to account for such variation in intervention efficacy. Here we summarize illustrative evidence that, due to their genetic make-up, some children benefit more from interventions targeting parenting than do others. Whereas some work documents the role of single, 'candidate' genes, other work reveals the utility of compositing multiple genes and genetic pathways...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813250/parenting-and-sleep-in-early-childhood
#17
REVIEW
Liat Tikotzky
The development of sleep is influenced by complex interactions between biologically driven forces and diverse socio-environmental factors. Among those factors, parents have a critical role. The present review focuses on new studies regarding the links between parenting and the development of sleep in early childhood in the context of a transactional model. Recent findings from longitudinal studies and large cohort studies highlight the contribution of various parenting factors, such as parental bedtime behaviors, parental cognitions, cry tolerance, maternal mood, stress, and the parents' couple relationship, to the development of child sleep...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813248/early-stress-parental-motivation-and-reproductive-decision-making-applications-of-life-history-theory-to-parental-behavior
#18
REVIEW
Tomás Cabeza de Baca, Bruce J Ellis
This review focuses on the impact of parental behavior on child development, as interpreted from an evolutionary-developmental perspective. We employ psychosocial acceleration theory to reinterpret the effects of variation in parental investment and involvement on child development, arguing that these effects have been structured by natural selection to match the developing child to current and expected future environments. Over time, an individual's development, physiology, and behavior are organized in a coordinated manner (as instantiated in 'life history strategies') that facilitates survival and reproductive success under different conditions...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812447/the-role-of-the-family-in-hiv-status-disclosure-amongst-women-in-vietnam-familial-dependence-and-independence
#19
D T H Dinh, J L White, M Hipwell, T K C Nguyen, A Pharris
Insights into disclosure by PLWHA can inform strategies for treatment and support, yet Vietnamese women's self-disclosure patterns are poorly understood. We conducted interviews with 12 HIV-positive women, identifying three principal factors influencing disclosure to family members: patrilocal residence, desire to protect own family, and the need for financial support. Women's decision-making about disclosure was significantly affected by dependence on or independence of parents-in-law and their own parents...
August 16, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811862/allergic-profiles-of-mothers-and-fathers-in-the-japan-environment-and-children-s-study-jecs-a-nationwide-birth-cohort-study
#20
Kiwako Yamamoto-Hanada, Limin Yang, Kazue Ishitsuka, Tadayuki Ayabe, Hidetoshi Mezawa, Mizuho Konishi, Testsuo Shoda, Kenji Matsumoto, Hirohisa Saito, Yukihiro Ohya
BACKGROUND: The Japan Environment and Children's Study (JECS) is a nationwide, multicenter, prospective birth cohort investigation launched by the Ministry of Environment in Japan. The purpose of the JECS is to evaluate the influence of prenatal and postnatal exposures to environmental factors on the postnatal health of the children. In this study, we evaluated the allergic characteristics of parents within the JECS cohort. METHODS: This study covered a wide geographical area and encompassed 15 regional centers...
2017: World Allergy Organization Journal
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