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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211999/platform-to-enable-combined-measurement-of-dopamine-and-neural-activity
#1
Kate L Parent, Daniel F Hill, Lindsey M Crown, Jean-Paul Wiegand, Kathleen F Gies, Michael A Miller, Christopher W Atcherley, Michael L Heien, Stephen L Cowen
Complex behaviors depend on the coordination of the activities of ensembles of neurons and the release of neuromodulators such as dopamine. The mechanisms underlying such coordination are not well-understood due to a lack of instrumentation for combined and real-time monitoring of neuromodulator release and the activities of large ensembles of neurons. Here we describe a measurement platform that allows for the combined monitoring of electrophysiology from a high-density electrode array and dopamine dynamics from a carbon-fiber microelectrode...
February 17, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195287/erbium-ion-implantation-into-diamond-measurement-and-modelling-of-the-crystal-structure
#2
Jakub Cajzl, Pavla Nekvindová, Anna Macková, Petr Malinský, David Sedmidubský, Michal Hušák, Zdeněk Remeš, Marián Varga, Alexander Kromka, Roman Böttger, Jiří Oswald
Diamond is proposed as an extraordinary material usable in interdisciplinary fields, especially in optics and photonics. In this contribution we focus on the doping of diamond with erbium as an optically active centre. In the theoretical part of the study based on DFT simulations we have developed two Er-doped diamond structural models with 0 to 4 carbon vacancies in the vicinity of the Er atom and performed geometry optimizations by the calculation of cohesive energies and defect formation energies. The theoretical results showed an excellent agreement between the calculated and experimental cohesive energies for the parent diamond...
February 14, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187138/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-group-based-gaze-training-intervention-for-children-with-developmental-coordination-disorder
#3
Greg Wood, Charlotte A L Miles, Ginny Coyles, Omid Alizadehkhaiyat, Samuel J Vine, Joan N Vickers, Mark R Wilson
: The aim of this study was to integrate a gaze training intervention (i.e., quiet eye training; QET) that has been shown to improve the throwing and catching skill of children with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD), within an approach (i.e., group therapy) that might alleviate the negative psychosocial impact of these motor skill deficits. Twenty-one children with DCD were split into either QET (8 male 3 female, mean age of 8.6 years (SD = 1.04) or technical training (TT) groups (7 male 3 female, mean age of 8...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186339/hand-eye-coordination-predicts-joint-attention
#4
Chen Yu, Linda B Smith
The present article shows that infant and dyad differences in hand-eye coordination predict dyad differences in joint attention (JA). In the study reported here, 51 toddlers ranging in age from 11 to 24 months and their parents wore head-mounted eye trackers as they played with objects together. We found that physically active toddlers aligned their looking behavior with their parent and achieved a substantial proportion of time spent jointly attending to the same object. However, JA did not arise through gaze following but rather through the coordination of gaze with manual actions on objects as both infants and parents attended to their partner's object manipulations...
February 10, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186055/infosage-use-of-online-technologies-for-communication-and-elder-care
#5
Yuri Quintana, Bradley Crotty, Darren Fahy, Alex Orfanos, Ruchira Jain, Eli Kaldany, Lewis Lipsitz, Diane Engorn, Jorge Rodriguez, Frank Pandolfe, Adarsha Bajracharya, Warner V Slack, Charles Safran
Aging creates new information and communication needs for families who are helping to coordinate care for frail parents. To identify how information and communication needs evolve with the aging process, we created a living laboratory of families, supported by an online private social network with tools for care coordination. Site registrants are invite to participate in a more in-depth survey-based longitudinal study. In year one, we assessed the feasibility of an online living laboratory. During this first year, 155 individuals registered on InfoSAGE, and 26% opted into the more in-depth longitudinal study...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185822/barriers-and-strategies-to-improve-influenza-vaccination-in-pakistan
#6
Muhammad Junaid Farrukh, Long Chiau Ming, Syed Tabish Razi Zaidi, Tahir Mehmood Khan
Influenza vaccination is strongly recommended by World Health Organisation on a yearly basis. The rate of immunization in Pakistan is suboptimal. High cost, traditional norms, customs and low levels of education in Pakistan are preventing people from getting vaccinated. It is timely to include influenza vaccination in the expanded programme on immunization (EPI), which is a disease prevention programme aiming to eradicate preventable diseases through subsidized or free immunization. The Ministry of National Health Services, Regulation and Coordination, Government of Pakistan should launch a national influenza vaccine policy in view of this current situation and oversee its implementation...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182574/rapidnam-generative-manufacturing-approach-of-nasoalveolar-molding-devices-for-presurgical-cleft-lip-and-palate-treatment
#7
Franz Xaver Bauer, Markus Schönberger, Johannes Gattinger, Markus Eblenkamp, Erich Wintermantel, Andrea Rau, Florian Dieter Güll, Klaus-Dietrich Wolff, Denys J Loeffelbein
Nasoalveolar molding (NAM) is an accepted treatment strategy in presurgical cleft therapy. The major drawbacks of the treatment listed in the literature relate to the time of the treatment and the coordination of the required interdisciplinary team of therapists, parents, and patients. To overcome these limitations, we present the automated RapidNAM concept that facilitates the design and manufacturing process of NAM devices, and that allows the virtual modification and subsequent manufacture of the devices in advance, with a growth prediction factor adapted to the patient's natural growth...
February 9, 2017: Biomedizinische Technik. Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177204/the-parent-cyclopentadienyltin-cation-its-toluene-adduct-and-the-quadruple-decker-sn3-cp4-2
#8
Mario Schleep, Clarissa Hettich, Jennifer Velázquez Rojas, Daniel Kratzert, Thilo Ludwig, Katharina Lieberth, Ingo Krossing
Truly cationic metallocenes with the parent cyclopentadienyl ligand are so far unknown for the Group 14 elements. Herein we report on an almost "naked" [SnCp](+) cation with the weakly coordinating [Al{OC(CF3 )3 }4 ](-) and [{(F3 C)3 CO}3 Al-F-Al{OC(CF3 )3 }3 ](-) anions. [SnCp][Al{OC(CF3 )3 }4 ] was used to prepare the first main-group quadruple-decker cation [Sn3 Cp4 ](2+) again as the [Al{OC(CF3 )3 }4 ](-) salt. Additionally, the toluene adduct [CpSn(C7 H8 )][Al{OC(CF3 )3 }4 ] was obtained.
February 8, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163570/positive-impact-of-rescheduling-bacillus-calmette-gu%C3%A3-rin-vaccination-on-vaccinations-at-birth
#9
Simmi Oberoi, Singh Amarjit, Randhawa Avneet, Chaudhary Neha, Siriesha Patnaik
CONTEXT: Inimitable among the trio of recommended immunizations administered to newborns at delivery centers of institutions is hepatitis B. While it is necessary for hepatitis B to be given within 24 hours of birth, the same cannot be said for Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) and zero-dose oral polio vaccine (OPV). OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of rescheduling of BCG vaccination from the current twice weekly to daily to cover newborn vaccinations at the Government Medical College, Patiala, India...
January 2017: Journal of Family & Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157304/unveiling-the-local-structure-of-cu-2-ions-from-d-orbital-splitting-application-to-k2znf4-cu-2-and-kznf3-cu-2
#10
Fernando Rodríguez
This work investigates why Jahn-Teller (JT) transition-metal ions like Cu(2+) (d(9)) or Mn(3+) (d(4)) with octahedral coordination exhibit low-symmetry distortions of the CuF6(4-) (or MnF6(3-)) octahedron, when Cu(2+) replaces Zn(2+) either in the cubic perovskite KZnF3 or in the layer perovskite K2ZnF4. The aim is to establish correlations between the splitting Δe of the parent Oh eg(x(2) - y(2), 3z(2) - r(2)) d orbitals and the low-symmetry local distortion ρ, allowing us to unravel the local structure of Cu(2+) introduced as an impurity into such perovskites...
February 3, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153568/the-relationship-between-motor-performance-and-parent-rated-executive-functioning-in-3-to-5-year-old-children-what-is-the-role-of-confounding-variables
#11
Suzanne Houwen, Gerda van der Veer, Jan Visser, Marja Cantell
It is generally agreed that motor performance and executive functioning (EF) are intertwined. As the literature on this issue concerning preschool children is scarce, we examined the relationship between motor performance and parent-rated EF in a sample of 3- to 5-year-old children with different levels of motor skill proficiency, while controlling for age, gender, socio-economic status (SES), and attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptomatology. EF was reported by parents of 153 children (mean age 4years 1months, SD 8months; 75 male) by means of the Behaviour Rating Inventory of Executive Function-Preschool version (BRIEF-P)...
January 30, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150500/exploring-opportunities-for-coordinated-responses-to-intimate-partner-violence-and-child-maltreatment-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-scoping-review
#12
Loraine J Bacchus, Manuela Colombini, Manuel Contreras Urbina, Emma Howarth, Frances Gardner, Jeannie Annan, Kim Ashburn, Bernadette Madrid, Ruti Levtov, Charlotte Watts
Intimate partner violence (IPV) and child maltreatment (CM) by a parent or caregiver are prevalent and overlapping issues with damaging consequences for those affected. This scoping review aimed to identify opportunities for greater coordination between IPV and CM programmes in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). Nine bibliographic databases were searched and grey literature was identified through the scoping review team. Eligible studies were published in English; described primary prevention programmes in LMIC that addressed IPV and CM, or addressed one form of violence, but reported outcomes for the other; reported IPV and CM outcomes; and evaluated with any study design...
February 2, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145817/design-and-methodology-of-a-mixed-methods-follow-up-study-to-the-2014-ghana-demographic-and-health-survey
#13
Sarah Staveteig, Richmond Aryeetey, Michael Anie-Ansah, Clement Ahiadeke, Ladys Ortiz
BACKGROUND: The intended meaning behind responses to standard questions posed in large-scale health surveys are not always well understood. Systematic follow-up studies, particularly those which pose a few repeated questions followed by open-ended discussions, are well positioned to gauge stability and consistency of data and to shed light on the intended meaning behind survey responses. Such follow-up studies require extensive coordination and face challenges in protecting respondent confidentiality during the process of recontacting and reinterviewing participants...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144766/care-coordination-with-schools-the-role-of-family-centered-care-for-children-with-special-health-care-needs
#14
Lucy Barnard-Brak, Tara Stevens, Julianna Carpenter
Objectives Family-centered care has been associated with positive outcomes for children with special health care needs. The purpose of the current study was to examine the relationship of family-centered care as associated with care coordination with schools and school absences (e.g., missed days) as reported by parents of children with special health care needs. Methods The current study utilized data from the National Survey of Children with Special Health Care Needs 2009-201 (N = 40,242) to achieve this purpose...
February 1, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140832/assistive-technology-needs-functional-difficulties-and-services-utilization-and-coordination-of-children-with-developmental-disabilities-in-the-united-states
#15
Sue C Lin, Robert S Gold
Assistive technology (AT) enhances the ability of individuals with disabilities to be fully engaged in activities at home, at school, and within their communities-especially for children with developmental disabilities (DD) with physical, sensory, learning, and/or communication impairments. The prevalence of children with DD in the United States has risen from 12.84% in 1997 to 15.04% in 2008. Thus, it is important to monitor the status of their AT needs, functional difficulties, services utilization, and coordination...
January 31, 2017: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135314/the-evolution-of-vicia-ramuliflora-fabaceae-at-tetraploid-and-diploid-levels-revealed-with-fish-and-rapd
#16
Ying Han, Yuan Liu, Haoyou Wang, Xiangjun Liu
Vicia ramuliflora L. is a widely distributed species in Eurasia with high economic value. For past 200 years, it has evolved a tetraploid cytotype and new subspecies at the diploid level. Based on taxonomy, cytogeography and other lines of evidence, previous studies have provided valuable information about the evolution of V. ramuliflora ploidy level, but due to the limited resolution of traditional methods, important questions remain. In this study, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) were used to analyze the evolution of V...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132815/shortening-of-microtubule-overlap-regions-defines-membrane-delivery-sites-during-plant-cytokinesis
#17
Jeroen de Keijzer, Henk Kieft, Tijs Ketelaar, Gohta Goshima, Marcel E Janson
Different from animal cells that divide by constriction of the cortex inward, cells of land plants divide by initiating a new cell-wall segment from their center. For this, a disk-shaped, membrane-enclosed precursor termed the cell plate is formed that radially expands toward the parental cell wall [1-3]. The synthesis of the plate starts with the fusion of vesicles into a tubulo-vesicular network [4-6]. Vesicles are putatively delivered to the division plane by transport along microtubules of the bipolar phragmoplast network that guides plate assembly [7-9]...
January 25, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129153/3d-morphology-prediction-of-progressive-spinal-deformities-from-probabilistic-modeling-of-discriminant-manifolds
#18
Samuel Kadoury, William Mandel, Marjolaine Roy-Beaudry, Marie-Lyne Nault, Stefan Parent
We introduce a novel approach for predicting the progression of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis from 3D spine models reconstructed from biplanar X-ray images. Recent progress in machine learning have allowed to improve classification and prognosis rates, but lack a probabilistic framework to measure uncertainty in the data. We propose a discriminative probabilistic manifold embedding where locally linear mappings transform data points from high-dimensional space to corresponding lowdimensional coordinates. A discriminant adjacency matrix is constructed to maximize the separation between progressive and non-progressive groups of patients diagnosed with scoliosis, while minimizing the distance in latent variables belonging to the same class...
January 23, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125850/-health-care-situation-and-barriers-for-working-with-children-of-mentally-ill-parents-from-the-perspective-of-adult-psychiatry-in-germany-a-nationwide-survey
#19
Olga Wlodarczyk, Franka Metzner, Silke Pawils
Objective The aim of the present study was to assess the health care situation and barriers to support minor children of mentally ill parents from the perspective of adult psychiatry in Germany. Methods Based on the German Hospital Register mental health practitioners of all psychiatric clinics in Germany were asked to answer a 37-item questionnaire. Overall, 441 practitioners of 239 psychiatric clinics participated in the cross sectional study. Results Most important barriers were high workload, scarce resources, patient-focused treatment, missing expertise as well as insufficient awareness...
January 26, 2017: Psychiatrische Praxis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122188/in-situ-transmission-electron-microscopy-study-of-electron-beam-induced-transformations-in-colloidal-cesium-lead-halide-perovskite-nanocrystals
#20
Zhiya Dang, Javad Shamsi, Francisco Palazon, Muhammad Imran, Quinten A Akkerman, Sungwook Park, Giovanni Bertoni, Mirko Prato, Rosaria Brescia, Liberato Manna
An increasing number of studies have recently reported the rapid degradation of hybrid and all-inorganic lead halide perovskite nanocrystals under electron beam irradiation in the transmission electron microscope, with the formation of nanometer size, high contrast particles. The nature of these nanoparticles and the involved transformations in the perovskite nanocrystals are still a matter of debate. Herein, we have studied the effects of high energy (80/200 keV) electron irradiation on colloidal cesium lead bromide (CsPbBr3) nanocrystals with different shapes and sizes, especially 3 nm thick nanosheets, a morphology that facilitated the analysis of the various ongoing processes...
February 2, 2017: ACS Nano
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