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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424177/developmental-and-behavioural-associations-of-burns-and-scalds-in-children-a-prospective-population-based-study
#1
Alan Emond, Clare Sheahan, Julie Mytton, Linda Hollén
OBJECTIVE: To investigate child developmental and behavioural characteristics and risk of burns and scalds. DESIGN: Data on burns in children up to 11 years from 12 966 participants in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children were linked to developmental profiles measured before the burn injury. MEASURES: Preinjury profiles of the children derived from maternal questionnaires completed in pregnancy, and at 6, 18, 42, 47 and 54 months...
May 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411210/photoperiod-throughout-the-maternal-life-cycle-not-photoperiod-during-seed-imbibition-influences-germination-in-arabidopsis-thaliana
#2
Toshiyuki Imaizumi, Gabriela Auge, Kathleen Donohue
PREMISE OF THE STUDY: Plants adjust their phenology in response to seasonal cues experienced both by their parents and by themselves, and coordinating responses to these cues is necessary for expressing adaptive phenology. We investigated how cues are integrated across time to influence an important progeny phenotype, i.e., seed germination. METHODS: We used Arabidopsis thaliana to investigate how the photoperiod experienced by maternal parents and by progeny influences seed germination...
April 14, 2017: American Journal of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408910/new-hypervariable-ssr-markers-for-diversity-analysis-hybrid-purity-testing-and-trait-mapping-in-pigeonpea-cajanus-cajan-l-millspaugh
#3
Abhishek Bohra, Rintu Jha, Gaurav Pandey, Prakash G Patil, Rachit K Saxena, Indra P Singh, D Singh, R K Mishra, Ankita Mishra, F Singh, Rajeev K Varshney, N P Singh
Draft genome sequence in pigeonpea offers unprecedented opportunities for genomics assisted crop improvement via enabling access to genome-wide genetic markers. In the present study, 421 hypervariable simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers from the pigeonpea genome were screened on a panel of eight pigeonpea genotypes yielding marker validation and polymorphism percentages of 95.24 and 54.11%, respectively. The SSR marker assay uncovered a total of 570 alleles with three as an average number of alleles per marker...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408873/neurofeedback-of-slow-cortical-potentials-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-multicenter-randomized-trial-controlling-for-unspecific-effects
#4
Ute Strehl, Pascal Aggensteiner, Daniel Wachtlin, Daniel Brandeis, Björn Albrecht, Maria Arana, Christiane Bach, Tobias Banaschewski, Thorsten Bogen, Andrea Flaig-Röhr, Christine M Freitag, Yvonne Fuchsenberger, Stephanie Gest, Holger Gevensleben, Laura Herde, Sarah Hohmann, Tanja Legenbauer, Anna-Maria Marx, Sabina Millenet, Benjamin Pniewski, Aribert Rothenberger, Christian Ruckes, Sonja Wörz, Martin Holtmann
Background: Neurofeedback (NF) in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been investigated in a series of studies over the last years. Previous studies did not unanimously support NF as a treatment in ADHD. Most studies did not control for unspecific treatment effects and did not demonstrate that self-regulation took place. The present study examined the efficacy of NF in comparison to electromyographic (EMG) feedback to control for unspecific effects of the treatment, and assessed self-regulation of slow cortical potentials (SCPs)...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403300/multi-professional-team-s-perception-of-nurses-competences-in-liver-transplantations
#5
Francisca Diana da Silva Negreiros, Alice Maria Correia Pequeno, José Huygens Parente Garcia, Maria Isis Freire de Aguiar, Tatiana Rebouças Moreira, Maria José Nascimento Flor
Objective describe the multi-professional team's perception of nurses' competences in liver transplantation programs. METHOD: descriptive study with a qualitative approach. Data were collected through a questionnaire. Participants were 12 professionals of the liver transplantation team of a reference hospital. For result interpretation, the thematic analysis technique was employed. RESULTS: the professionals assessed the competences employed by nurses as proactive, autonomous, creative, humanized, capable of teamwork, decision-making and conflict management...
April 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388068/the-effect-of-imidazole-arrangements-on-proton-conductivity-in-metal-organic-frameworks
#6
Feng-Ming Zhang, Long-Zhang Dong, Jun-Sheng Qin, Wei Guan, Jiang Liu, Shun-Li Li, Meng Lu, Ya-Qian Lan, Zhong-Min Su, Hong-Cai Zhou
Imidazole molecules were frequently incorporated into porous materials to improve their proton conductivity. To investigate how different arrangements of imidazoles in Metal-Organic Frameworks (MOFs) affect the overall proton conduction, we designed and prepared a MOF-based model system. It includes an Fe-MOF as the blank, an imidazole@Fe-MOF (Im@Fe-MOF) with physically adsorbed imidazole, and an imidazole-Fe-MOF (Im-Fe-MOF), which contains chemically coordinated imidazole mol-ecules. The parent Fe-MOF, synthesized from the exchange of carboxylates in the pre-formed [Fe3(μ3-O)](carboxylate)6 clusters and multi-topic carboxylate ligands, serves as a control...
April 7, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388035/dynamic-spacer-installation-for-multirole-metal-organic-frameworks-a-new-direction-toward-multifunctional-mofs-achieving-ultrahigh-methane-storage-working-capacity
#7
Cheng-Xia Chen, Zhang-Wen Wei, Ji-Jun Jiang, Shao-Ping Zheng, Hai-Ping Wang, Qian-Feng Qiu, Chen-Chen Cao, Dieter Fenske, Cheng-Yong Su
A robust Zr-MOF (LIFM-28) containing replaceable coordination sites for additional spacer installation has been employed to demonstrate a swing- or multirole strategy for multifunctional MOFs. Through reversible installation/uninstallation of two types of spacers with different lengths and variable functional groups, different tasks can be accomplished using the same parent MOF. An orthogonal optimizing method is applied with seven shorter (L(1-7)) and six longer (L(8-13)) spacers to tune the functionalities, achieving multipurpose switches among gas separation, catalysis, click reaction, luminescence, and particularly, ultrahigh methane storage working capacity at 5-80 bar and 298 K...
April 19, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383822/preparing-childhood-cancer-survivors-for-transition-to-adult-care-the-young-adult-perspective
#8
Natasha N Frederick, Sharon L Bober, Lexie Berwick, Mary Tower, Lisa B Kenney
BACKGROUND: Childhood cancer survivors (CCSs) remain at risk for developing treatment-associated health conditions as they age; however, many do not obtain recommended follow-up, putting them at unnecessary risk for morbidity. Educational interventions targeted at providing survivors with the knowledge and skills necessary for healthcare independence might improve adherence and outcomes as they transition care to the adult medical system. OBJECTIVE: To identify informational needs, educational preferences, and support that young adult CCSs perceive as beneficial for transition from pediatric to adult medical care...
April 6, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375994/translating-research-to-practice-providing-critically-ill-children-the-opportunity-to-go-home-or-to-hospice-for-end-of-life-care
#9
Harriett Nelson, Sandra Mott
BACKGROUND: A freestanding quaternary pediatric hospital in New England has been facilitating parents' requests to take their child home or to a hospice facility from an Intensive Care Unit at end of life for the withdrawal of life sustaining measures for the past 16 years. However, knowledge of the aftermath of this decision was very limited. Before responding to a growing interest in making this service more available, an exploratory study was done to learn about the parents' perceptions of the experience over time...
May 2017: Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing: DCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371887/information-needs-of-physicians-care-coordinators-and-families-to-support-care-coordination-of-children-and-youth-with-special-health-care-needs-cyshcn
#10
Pallavi Ranade-Kharkar, Charlene Weir, Chuck Norlin, Sarah A Collins, Lou Ann Scarton, Gina B Baker, Damian Borbolla, Vanina Taliercio, Guilherme Del Fiol
Objectives: Identify and describe information needs and associated goals of physicians, care coordinators, and families related to coordinating care for medically complex children and youth with special health care needs (CYSHCN). Materials and Methods: We conducted 19 in-depth interviews with physicians, care coordinators, and parents of CYSHCN following the Critical Decision Method technique. We analyzed the interviews for information needs posed as questions using a systematic content analysis approach and categorized the questions into information need goal types and subtypes...
March 24, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368579/phosphorescent-decanuclear-bimetallic-pt6m4-m-zn-fe-tetrahedral-cages
#11
Yuzhen Zhang, Matthew R Crawley, Cory E Hauke, Alan E Friedman, Timothy R Cook
Coordination-driven self-assembly delivers discrete, nanoscopic architectures that may preserve or enhance the physicochemical properties of their parent building blocks. Herein, we report the syntheses, characterization, and photophysical properties of two tetrahedral cages, [Zn(II)4L6](PF6)8 (C1) and [Fe(II)4L6](OTf)8 (C2), where L = Pt(II)(PEt3)2(C≡C-bpy)2 (PEt3 = triethylphosphine; C≡C-bpy = 5-ethynyl-2,2'-bipyridine) and OTf = trifluoromethanesulfonate. C1 and C2 were assembled in isolated yields of 72% and 81% by treating 2 equiv of Zn(NO3)2·6H2O or Fe(OTf)2 with 3 equiv of L, respectively...
April 3, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360874/online-control-of-prehension-predicts-performance-on-a-standardized-motor-assessment-test-in-8-to-12-year-old-children
#12
Caroline C V Blanchard, Hannah L McGlashan, Blandine French, Rachel J Sperring, Bianca Petrocochino, Nicholas P Holmes
Goal-directed hand movements are guided by sensory information and may be adjusted 'online,' during the movement. If the target of a movement unexpectedly changes position, trajectory corrections can be initiated in as little as 100 ms in adults. This rapid visual online control is impaired in children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD), and potentially in other neurodevelopmental conditions. We investigated the visual control of hand movements in children in a 'center-out' double-step reaching and grasping task, and examined how parameters of this visuomotor control co-vary with performance on standardized motor tests often used with typically and atypically developing children...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355884/does-the-catch-early-childhood-program-increase-physical-activity-among-low-income-preschoolers-results-from-a-pilot-study
#13
Ru-Jye Chuang, Shreela V Sharma, Cheryl Perry, Pamela Diamond
PURPOSE: To explore whether the physical activity (PA) component of the Coordinated Approach to Child Health Early Childhood (CATCH EC) program helps increasing preschoolers' PA during active times at preschool. DESIGN: Nonrandomized controlled experimental study. SETTING: Head Start centers in Houston, Texas, 2009 to 2010 school year. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 439 preschoolers aged 3 to 5 years (3 intervention centers, n = 220; 3 comparison centers, n = 219)...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347141/reversible-capture-and-release-of-elemental-halogens-with-a-redox-active-metal-organic-framework
#14
Yuri Tulchinsky, Christopher H Hendon, Kirill A Lomachenko, Elisa Borfecchia, Brent C Melot, Matthew R Hudson, Jacob D Tarver, Maciej D Korzynski, Amanda W Stubbs, Jacob J Kagan, Carlo Lamberti, Craig M Brown, Mircea Dinca
Extreme toxicity, corrosiveness, and volatility pose serious challenges for the safe storage and transportation of elemental chlorine and bromine, which play critical roles in the chemical industry. Solid materials capable of forming stable non-volatile compounds upon reaction with elemental halogens may partially mitigate these challenges by allowing safe halogen release on demand. Here, we demonstrate that elemental halogens quantitatively oxidize coordinatively unsaturated Co(II) ions in a robust azolate metal-organic framework (MOF) to produce an air-stable and safe-to-handle Co(III) material featuring terminal Co(III)-halogen bonds...
March 28, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334560/development-and-preliminary-testing-of-the-coordination-process-error-reporting-tool-cpert-a-prospective-clinical-surveillance-mechanism-for-teamwork-errors-in-the-pediatric-cardiac-icu
#15
Katherine E Bates, Judy A Shea, Geoffrey L Bird, Cynthia Field, Deipanjan Nandi, Robert E Shaddy, Joshua P Metlay
BACKGROUND: Patient safety reporting systems (PSRSs) may not detect teamwork or coordination process errors that affect all dimensions of quality defined by the Institute of Medicine. This study aimed to develop and observe the performance of a novel tool, the Coordination Process Error Reporting Tool (CPERT), as a prospective clinical surveillance mechanism for teamwork errors in the pediatric cardiac ICU. METHODS: Providers and parents used the qualitative nominal group technique to identify coordination process error examples...
December 2016: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334487/growing-up-with-perinatal-human-immunodeficiency-virus-a-life-not-expected
#16
Elaine Fay Williams
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To describe the lived experience of young adults with perinatally acquired HIV (PaHIV). BACKGROUND: The advancement of the highly active antiretroviral treatment, PaHIV-infection has transformed into a chronic lifelong illness that is faced by young adults who grew up with HIV. The known challenges that are associated with HIV are poverty, stigma and social and emotional isolation. DESIGN: This was a qualitative single interview study of a convenience sample of PaHIV-infected young adults receiving care at a large metropolitan pediatric hospital...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332324/randomized-controlled-trial-of-an-early-child-obesity-prevention-intervention-impacts-on-infant-tummy-time
#17
Rachel S Gross, Alan L Mendelsohn, H Shonna Yin, Suzy Tomopoulos, Michelle B Gross, Roberta Scheinmann, Mary Jo Messito
OBJECTIVE: To describe infant activity at 3 months old and to test the efficacy of a primary care-based child obesity prevention intervention on promoting infant activity in low-income Hispanic families. METHODS: This study was a randomized controlled trial (n = 533) comparing a control group of mother-infant dyads receiving standard prenatal and pediatric primary care with an intervention group receiving "Starting Early," with individual nutrition counseling and nutrition and parenting support groups coordinated with prenatal and pediatric visits...
March 22, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330167/genetic-characterization-of-moroccan-and-the-exotic-bread-wheat-cultivars-using-functional-and-random-dna-markers-linked-to-the-agronomic-traits-for-genomics-assisted-improvement
#18
Fatima Henkrar, Jamal El-Haddoury, Hassan Ouabbou, Najib Bendaou, Sripada M Udupa
Genetic characterization, diversity analysis and estimate of the genetic relationship among varieties using functional and random DNA markers linked to agronomic traits can provide relevant guidelines in selecting parents and designing new breeding strategies for marker-assisted wheat cultivar improvement. Here, we characterize 20 Moroccan and 19 exotic bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars using 47 functional and 7 linked random DNA markers associated with 21 loci of the most important traits for wheat breeding...
June 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330092/development-of-molecular-method-for-sex-identification-in-date-palm-phoenix-dactylifera-l-plantlets-using-novel-sex-linked-microsatellite-markers
#19
Maryam, Muhammad Jafar Jaskani, Faisal Saeed Awan, Saeed Ahmad, Iqrar A Khan
Microsatellite markers containing simple sequence repeats (SSRs) are a valuable tool for genetic analysis. Date palm is a dioecious and slow flowering and is very difficult to identify the gender of the trees until it reaches the reproductive age (5-10 years). A total of 12 microsatellite primers were used with 30 date palm samples, 14 parents (8 male + 6 females) and 16 progeny (developed from parents breeding) which showed that microsatellites were highly polymorphic, having a great number of alleles. A total of 124 alleles were characterized in 12 SSR loci...
June 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326047/preventing-internalizing-problems-in-young-children-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-the-feelings-and-friends-year-3-program-with-a-motor-skills-component
#20
Ruhamah G Tennant, Katie K Martin, Rosanna Rooney, Sharinaz Hassan, Robert T Kane
Anxiety and depression are common mental health problems experienced by children in Australia. The impact of these internalizing disorders is pervasive, affecting many areas of life. By the time problems have been detected in children they can be severe in nature and harder to treat. Hence, early intervention is of utmost importance. Despite the existence of numerous prevention programs for children, there is limited empirical evidence for a program that has an impact on symptoms of both anxiety and depression...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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