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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132045/bullying-and-social-anxiety-in-chinese-children-moderating-roles-of-trait-resilience-and-psychological-suzhi
#1
Lili Wu, Dajun Zhang, Gang Cheng, Tianqiang Hu
Research examining the relationship between bullying victimization and social anxiety has mainly been conducted in Western countries, and little is known about the mechanisms underlying this relationship. This study explores the correlation between bullying victimization and social anxiety in a Chinese context and determines the moderating roles of psychological suzhi (a mental quality characterized by being steady, essential and implicit that affects adaptive, developmental, and creative behavior) and trait resilience among victims of bullying...
November 10, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129429/serum-concentrations-of-organochlorine-compounds-and-predictors-of%C3%A2-exposure-in-children-living-in-agricultural-communities-from-south-eastern-spain
#2
B González-Alzaga, M Lacasaña, A F Hernández, J P Arrebola, I López-Flores, F Artacho-Cordón, J P Bonde, N Olea, C Aguilar-Garduño
BACKGROUND: Information on exposure levels to organochlorine compounds (OCs) in child population is limited, despite their greater vulnerability to the adverse health effects of these chemicals. OBJECTIVE: To determine serum concentrations of 10 OCs (including organochlorine pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyls -PCBs-) in children living in agricultural communities from Almería (South-Eastern Spain), and to identify the main predictors of exposure related to socio-economic characteristics, diet and lifestyle...
November 9, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105808/early-childhood-adversities-and-risk-of-eating-disorders-in-women-a-danish-register-based-cohort-study
#3
Janne Tidselbak Larsen, Trine Munk-Olsen, Cynthia M Bulik, Laura M Thornton, Susanne Vinkel Koch, Preben Bo Mortensen, Liselotte Petersen
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies evaluating the association between early childhood adversities and eating disorders have yielded conflicting results. The aim of this study is to examine the association between a range of adversities and risk of anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), and eating disorder not otherwise specified (EDNOS) in 495,244 women. METHOD: In this nationwide, register-based cohort study, nine types of early childhood adversity (family disruption, residential instability, placement in out-of-home care, familial death, parental somatic illness, parental psychiatric illness, parental disability, severe parental criminality, and parental substance use disorder) were defined and exposure during the first 6 years of life was determined...
November 6, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098523/carbon-monoxide-alarm-and-smoke-alarm-use-among-parents-recruited-from-a-pediatric-emergency-department
#4
Kristin J Roberts, Erica Fowler, R Dawn Comstock, Soledad Fernandez, Mahmoud Abdel-Rasoul, Leslie Mihalov, Marcel J Casavant, Lara B McKenzie
Although the proper installation and maintenance of carbon monoxide (CO) and smoke alarms can protect individuals from residential CO-related and fire-related injuries, these devices are underutilized. We describe characteristics associated with self-reported CO and smoke alarm use of parents recruited from a pediatric emergency department to improve CO alarm use. Parents of children ≤ 18 years (N = 299) reported socio-demographic characteristics and CO and smoke alarm ownership and practices. We assigned participants to a behavioral profile and a Precaution Adoption Process Model stage based on their self-reported CO and smoke alarm use...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078141/traffic-related-air-pollution-and-childhood-obesity-in-an-italian-birth-cohort
#5
Sara Fioravanti, Giulia Cesaroni, Chiara Badaloni, Paola Michelozzi, Francesco Forastiere, Daniela Porta
BACKGROUND: Air pollution is associated with several adverse health outcomes in children, such as respiratory illnesses and cognitive development impairment. There are suggestions of an effect of traffic-related air pollution on the occurrence of childhood obesity, but the results are not consistent. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study is to analyse whether air pollution and vehicular traffic exposure, during the first two years of life, influence obesity- related measures among 4 and 8-year-old children from a prospective birth cohort in Rome...
October 24, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048179/constellations-of-dyadic-relationship-quality-in-stepfamilies-a-factor-mixture-model
#6
Todd M Jensen
Stepfamilies are an increasingly common family form, marked by distinct challenges, opportunities, and complex networks of dyadic relationships that can transcend single households. There exists a dearth of typological analyses by which constellations of dyadic processes in stepfamilies are holistically analyzed. Factor mixture modeling is used to identify population heterogeneity with respect to features of mother-child, stepfather-child, nonresident father-child, and stepcouple relationships using a representative sample of 1,182 adolescents in mother-stepfather families with living nonresident fathers from Wave I of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046600/the-inside-out-views-of-young-people-parents-and-professionals-regarding-successful-secure-residential-care
#7
Annemiek T Harder, Erik J Knorth, Margrite E Kalverboer
Although adolescents often seem to improve in their functioning during residential care, there still is little knowledge on what factors are important in achieving these changes. The present study aims to identify the care factors that are important for adolescents' behavior change during secure residential care. We conducted in-depth interviews with eight adolescents, their parents, eight group care workers and seven teachers concerning their in-care experiences. Both adolescents and parents commonly attributed changes during secure residential care to the treatment environment...
2017: Child & Adolescent Social Work Journal: C & A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026747/acanthosis-nigricans-a-screening-test-for-insulin-resistance-an-important-risk-factor-for-diabetes-mellitus-type-2
#8
Meera Bhagyanathan, Deepak Dhayanithy, Vijayan Ampaya Parambath, R Bijayraj
BACKGROUND: Acanthosis nigricans (AN) is one of the signs suggestive of high insulin resistance (IR). IR is one of the mechanisms involved in pathogenesis of diabetes mellitus type-2 (DM Type-2). Thus, early detection of IR in children may allow us time to intervene well before the development of DM Type-2. In this study, 62% of children having AN had high IR. In children having both, AN and high body mass index (BMI), the incidence of IR was about 80%. This suggests that these easily detectable parameters alone can be useful in screening children at high risk of developing DM Type-2 in future...
January 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989948/morbidity-in-%C3%A2-1500-gram-births-in-spain-1993-2011-study-of-a-sample-of-1200-cases
#9
Concepción Gómez Esteban, Juan J Sánchez Carrión, Fernando J García Selgas, José M Segovia Guisado
Background and Objective. Preterm birth has a major impact on growth, and very preterm birth is associated with disabilities in numerous developmental domains. This article describes and quantifies morbidities in a sample of 1200 ≤1500-g births in Spain between 1993 and 2011 based on parent information, and it highlights several variables that influence these morbidities. Methods. Multiple method surveys using computer-assisted telephones interviewing and computer-assisted web interviewing methods. Sample design was intentional...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972871/informing-and-equipping-parents-of-people-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities
#10
Carly B Gilson, Lauren K Bethune, Erik W Carter, Elise D McMillan
The importance of supporting families with members who have intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) is well-established in both policy and research. Yet little is known about how familiar parents are with existing resources (e.g., programs, supports, trainings), what information they would consider most helpful, and how they would prefer to access resources. Our study examined the resource needs of 1,738 parents of children and adults with IDD in the state of Tennessee. Most parents reported limited familiarity with programs across every domain (e...
October 2017: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871215/racial-ethnic-patterns-of-kindergarten-school-enrollment-in-the-united-states
#11
Elizabeth Lawrence, Stefanie Mollborn
Enrollment into unequal schools at the start of formal education is an important mechanism for the reproduction of racial/ethnic educational inequalities. We examine whether there are racial/ethnic differences in school enrollment options at kindergarten, the start of schooling. We use nationally representative data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort (ECLS-B) to model whether parents seek information about their child's school before enrolling, whether parents move to a location so that a child can attend a certain school, or whether parents enroll their child in a school other than the assigned public school...
September 2017: Sociological Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864128/residential-green-space-quantity-and-quality-and-child-well-being-a-longitudinal-study
#12
Xiaoqi Feng, Thomas Astell-Burt
INTRODUCTION: There are few studies on the potential benefits of green space quantity and quality for child well-being. The authors hypothesized that more and better quality residential green space would be favorable for well-being and that these associations could be subject to effect modification across childhood. METHOD: Multilevel linear regression adjusted for demographic and socioeconomic confounders was used to track change in well-being (Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire Total Difficulties Score and "internalizing" and "externalizing" subscales) across five separate occasions among a cohort of 4,968 Australian children aged 4-5 years beginning in 2004...
August 28, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816486/father-support-and-adjustment-difficulties-among-youth-in-residential-care-the-moderating-role-of-peer-victimization-and-gender
#13
Shalhevet Attar-Schwartz, Adi Fridman-Teutsch
Father support of young people living in out-of-home settings is a neglected area of research. The study examines the moderating role of peer victimization in the association between father support and adjustment difficulties among male and female adolescents in residential care settings. Using random cluster sampling, the study includes the reports of 1,409 young people, in Grades 8 to 12, residing in 16 Israeli educational residential care settings designed for youth from underprivileged backgrounds. The findings show that, on average, fathers are highly involved in these young people's lives...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809754/associations-of-built-environment-and-children-s-physical-activity-a-narrative-review
#14
Houshmand E Masoumi
PROBLEM: Childhood obesity has been an epidemic particularly in high-income countries. There is a considerable volume of data and studies depicting the rising number of obese children and adolescents in different countries. As suggested by the literature, physical inactivity is one the main drivers of childhood obesity. This paper addresses the associations of the built environment with physical activity of children in order to find to theoretically facilitate intervention and prevention measures...
August 15, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806734/mental-health-among-single-and-partnered-parents-in-south-korea
#15
Kyoung Ae Kong, Hee Yeon Choi, Soo In Kim
OBJECTIVE: This study compares the mental health of single parents relative to partnered parents and assesses the contribution of the social and demographic factors to this difference, examining the gender difference in it. METHODS: We analyzed 12,024 single and partnered subjects, aged 30-59 years, living with children, aged 0-19 years, drawn from the 4th, 5th, and 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) dataset in South Korea conducted from 2007-2013...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757229/prenatal-particulate-matter-exposure-and-wheeze-in-mexican-children-effect-modification-by-prenatal-psychosocial-stress
#16
Maria José Rosa, Allan C Just, Itai Kloog, Ivan Pantic, Lourdes Schnaas, Alison Lee, Sonali Bose, Yueh-Hsiu Mathilda Chiu, Hsiao-Hsien Leon Hsu, Brent Coull, Joel Schwartz, Sheldon Cohen, Martha María Téllez Rojo, Robert O Wright, Rosalind J Wright
BACKGROUND: Air pollution exposure in childhood is associated with greater incidence and exacerbation of asthma, particularly in children whose parents report high levels of psychological stress. However, this interaction has not been completely elucidated in pregnancy. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether the association between prenatal exposure to particulate matter no larger than 2.5 μm in diameter (PM2.5) and wheeze in children is modified by prenatal stress. METHODS: Mexican women were recruited during pregnancy (N = 552)...
September 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748507/intergenerational-neighborhood-attainment-and-the-legacy-of-racial-residential-segregation-a-causal-mediation-analysis
#17
Jeremy Pais
Advances in mediation analysis are used to examine the legacy effects of racial residential segregation in the United States on neighborhood attainments across two familial generations. The legacy effects of segregation are anticipated to operate through two primary pathways: a neighborhood effects pathway and an urban continuity pathway. The neighborhood effects pathway explains why parent's exposure to racial residential segregation during their family-rearing years can influence the residential outcomes of their children later in life...
August 2017: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738913/cumulative-exposure-to-childhood-adversity-and-treated-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-cohort-study-of-543-650-adolescents-and-young-adults-in-sweden
#18
E Björkenstam, C Björkenstam, B Jablonska, K Kosidou
BACKGROUND: Though childhood adversity (CA) has been associated with the risk of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), little is known about the effect of cumulative CAs and whether there are clusters of CAs that are more closely related with ADHD. METHODS: We used a Swedish cohort of 543 650 individuals born 1987-1991. Register-based CAs included familial death, substantial parental substance abuse and psychiatric disorder, substantial parental criminality, parental separation, household public assistance recipiency, and residential instability...
July 25, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735168/impact-of-childhood-adversities-on-depression-in-early-adulthood-a-longitudinal-cohort-study-of-478-141-individuals-in-sweden
#19
Emma Björkenstam, Bo Vinnerljung, Anders Hjern
OBJECTIVE: Although the relationship between childhood adversity (CA) and depression is widely accepted, there is little information on what proportion of depression is attributable to CA. METHOD: We used a Swedish cohort of 478,141 individuals born in 1984-1988 in Sweden. Register-based CA indicators included parental death, parental substance abuse and psychiatric morbidity, parental criminality, parental separation, public assistance recipiency, child welfare intervention, and residential instability...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727535/civil-unrest-in-the-context-of-chronic-community-violence-impact-on-maternal-depressive-symptoms
#20
Doris P Yimgang, Yan Wang, Grace Paik, Erin R Hager, Maureen M Black
OBJECTIVES: To examine changes in maternal-child health surrounding the April 2015 civil unrest in Baltimore, Maryland, following Freddie Gray's death while in police custody. METHODS: We conducted cross-sectional Children's HealthWatch surveys January 2014 through December 2015 in pediatric emergency departments and primary care clinics on maternal-child health and June 2015 through October 2015 on daily and community routines. We used trend analysis and piecewise logistic regression to examine effects of time, residential proximity moderation, and mediation analysis to assess proximity and maternal-child health relations via maternal concerns...
September 2017: American Journal of Public Health
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