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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426346/correlates-of-current-smoking-among-adults-served-by-the-public-mental-health-system
#1
Margaret A Swarbrick, Judith A Cook, Lisa A Razzano, Jessica A Jonikas, Ni Gao, Jill Williams, Jay Yudof
OBJECTIVE: As part of a study of health status among 457 adults with diagnostically heterogeneous serious mental illnesses served by the public mental health system in four U.S. states, we assessed predictors of current cigarette smoking. METHODS: We examined bivariate relationships between smoking status and risks for drug and alcohol use disorders, residential setting, parental status, and employment. Finally, we used multivariable logistic regression to predict current smoking, controlling for significant confounds...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424157/childhood-adversity-and-risk-of-suicide-cohort-study-of-548%C3%A2-721-adolescents-and-young-adults-in-sweden
#2
Charlotte Björkenstam, Kyriaki Kosidou, Emma Björkenstam
Objective To examine the relation between childhood adversity, the role of school performance, and childhood psychopathology and the risk of suicide.Design Cohort study of register based indicators of childhood adversity (at ages 0-14) including death in the family (suicide analysed separately), parental substance abuse, parental psychiatric disorder, substantial parental criminality, parental separation/single parent household, receipt of public assistance, and residential instability.Setting Swedish medical birth register and various Swedish population based registers...
April 19, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395241/spatial-variations-in-ambient-ultrafine-particle-concentrations-and-the-risk-of-incident-prostate-cancer-a-case-control-study
#3
Scott Weichenthal, Eric Lavigne, Marie-France Valois, Marianne Hatzopoulou, Keith Van Ryswyk, Maryam Shekarrizfard, Paul J Villeneuve, Mark S Goldberg, Marie-Elise Parent
BACKGROUND: Diesel exhaust contains large numbers of ultrafine particles (UFPs, <0.1µm) and is a recognized human carcinogen. However, epidemiological studies have yet to evaluate the relationship between UFPs and cancer incidence. METHODS: We conducted a case-control study of UFPs and incident prostate cancer in Montreal, Canada. Cases were identified from all main Francophone hospitals in the Montreal area between 2005 and 2009. Population controls were identified from provincial electoral lists of French Montreal residents and frequency-matched to cases using 5-year age groups...
April 7, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355491/suicide-ideation-and-attempts-among-first-nations-peoples-living-on-reserve-in-canada
#4
Robyn Jane McQuaid, Amy Bombay, Opal Arilla McInnis, Courtney Humeny, Kimberly Matheson, Hymie Anisman
OBJECTIVE: Suicide rates among Indigenous peoples in Canada are at least twice that of their non-Indigenous counterparts. Although contemporary stressors contribute to this increased risk, historical experiences such as the Indian Residential School (IRS) system may also have continuing links with the risk for suicidal thoughts and behaviors. The current investigation examined the intergenerational and cumulative links between familial IRS attendance in relation to lifetime suicide ideation and attempts among First Nations adults living on-reserve...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348440/family-structure-residential-mobility-and-environmental-inequality
#5
Liam Downey, Kyle Crowder, Robert J Kemp
This study combines micro-level data on families with children from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics with neighborhood-level industrial hazard data from the Environmental Protection Agency and neighborhood-level U.S. census data to examine both the association between family structure and residential proximity to neighborhood pollution and the micro-level, residential mobility processes that contribute to differential pollution proximity across family types. Results indicate the existence of significant family structure differences in household proximity to industrial pollution in U...
April 2017: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324807/parenting-self-efficacy-and-empowerment-among-expectant-mothers-with-substance-use-disorders
#6
Debra H Zand, Jessica L Chou, Kathy J Pierce, Lara B Pennington, Rosalie R Dickens, Jerri Michael, Donna McNamara, Taryn White
OBJECTIVE: to describe parenting self-efficacy and family empowerment among expectant mothers with substance use disorders. DESIGN: the study employed a quantitative cross-sectional design. PARTICIPANTS: participants were 71 pregnant women with substance use disorders entering a gender-specific, substance use disorder, residential treatment facility. MEASUREMENTS: measurement tools included: the demographic data form, the Parenting Sense of Competence Scale, the Addiction Severity Index, and the Family Empowerment Scale...
March 7, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323471/estimating-the-proportion-of-childhood-cancer-cases-and-costs-attributable-to-the-environment-in-california
#7
Lauren Nelson, Jhaqueline Valle, Galatea King, Paul K Mills, Maxwell J Richardson, Eric M Roberts, Daniel Smith, Paul English
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the proportion of cases and costs of the most common cancers among children aged 0 to 14 years (leukemia, lymphoma, and brain or central nervous system tumors) that were attributable to preventable environmental pollution in California in 2013. METHODS: We conducted a literature review to identify preventable environmental hazards associated with childhood cancer. We combined risk estimates with California-specific exposure prevalence estimates to calculate hazard-specific environmental attributable fractions (EAFs)...
May 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228061/suicidal-plans-and-attempts-among-adolescents-in-mongolia
#8
Sarantsetseg Davaasambuu, Suvd Batbaatar, Susan Witte, Phillip Hamid, Maria A Oquendo, Marjorie Kleinman, Michael Olivares, Madelyn Gould
BACKGROUND: Although 75% of suicides occur in low- and middle-income countries, few studies have examined suicidal behaviors among young people in these countries. AIMS: This study aimed to examine what individual characteristics were associated with suicidal plans and attempts among Mongolian youth and whether suicidal risks and behaviors varied by urban and rural locations. METHOD: Logistic regression analyses were utilized to investigate suicidal plans and attempts among 5,393 adolescents using the Global Student Health Survey - 2013...
February 23, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195340/preventive-benefit-of-access-to-fluoridated-water-for-young-adults
#9
A John Spencer, Pingzhou Liu, Jason Mathew Armfield, Loc Giang Do
Water fluoridation has been repeatedly associated with lower caries experience in children but uncertainty still exists on strength and extent of the association into adulthood. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the preventive effect of access to fluoridated water on dental caries among young adults. METHODS: In 1991/92 a cross-section of South Australian children aged 5-17 were recruited. Parents provided information on residential history, socioeconomic status, and behaviors...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167310/change-trajectories-of-aggressive-behavior-among-children-in-long-term-residential-care
#10
Shalhevet Attar-Schwartz, Rami Benbenishty, Ilan Roziner
This study examined change trajectories of aggressive behaviors among children in long-term residential care in Israel and identified various child-, family-, and placement-related predictors of the change trajectories. Records of 799 children (average age at the beginning of the four years=10.4, 33.1% female) in their first four consecutive years in care were analyzed using the TRF aggressive behavior subscale (Achenbach, 1991) to measure the outcome variable. Children's and parents' characteristics and placement-related factors were used to explain variance in change trajectories...
March 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154346/unequal-accessibility-of-nurseries-for-sick-children-in-over-and-under-populated-areas-of-japan
#11
Akira Ehara
Infants and toddlers are prone to rapidly contracting illnesses, which are usually attributed to infectious diseases. Most nurseries and schools in Japan, however, refuse to accept children even with mild illnesses. For working parents, a sick child may therefore create new problems as the situation requires new day-care arrangements. To support such families, the Japanese government subsidizes construction and management of nurseries that operate especially for sick children. However, it has not been known whether most families are able to access such nurseries...
February 2017: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142084/childhood-social-adversity-and-risk-of-depressive-symptoms-in-adolescence-in-a-us-national-sample
#12
Emma Björkenstam, Anne R Pebley, Bo Burström, Kyriaki Kosidou
OBJECTIVE: Childhood social adversity has been associated with an increased risk of depression and other psychiatric disorders in adolescence and early adulthood. However, the role of timing and accumulation of adversities has not yet been established in longitudinal studies. We examined the association between childhood adversities and adolescent depressive symptoms, and the impact of timing and accumulation of adversity. METHOD: Longitudinal data were obtained from the Child Development Supplement to the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (n=2223), a nationally representative survey of US families that incorporates data from parents and their children...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131887/residential-pesticide-exposures-in-pregnancy-and-the-risk-of-sporadic-retinoblastoma-a-report-from-the-children-s-oncology-group
#13
Negar Omidakhsh, Arupa Ganguly, Greta R Bunin, Ondine S von Ehrenstein, Beate Ritz, Julia E Heck
PURPOSE: To examine whether parental pesticide exposure contributes to the development of sporadic retinoblastoma. DESIGN: Case-control study. METHODS: Data were collected by a large multicenter study of sporadic retinoblastoma in which parents of 99 unilateral and 56 bilateral age-matched case-control pairs were interviewed by telephone. Retrospective exposure information was collected on the type, location, timing, and frequency of residential pesticide use...
April 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129751/practising-proportionate-universalism-a-study-protocol-of-an-extended-postnatal-home-visiting-programme-in-a-disadvantaged-area-in-stockholm-sweden
#14
Bo Burström, Anneli Marttila, Asli Kulane, Lene Lindberg, Kristina Burström
BACKGROUND: In spite of a well-developed welfare system in Sweden, there are important health divides between residential areas in Stockholm county, with shorter life expectancy in disadvantaged areas. These socioeconomic and health divides also affect children. Extra efforts and organized collaboration by different authorities are required to meet the greater needs of children growing up in these areas. METHODS/DESIGN: This article reports on the programme logic and evaluation design of an extended postnatal home visiting programme in collaboration between child health services and social services in the Rinkeby area, Stockholm, Sweden, where a large proportion are recent immigrants and more than 50% are at-risk of poverty...
January 28, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093439/national-estimation-of-children-in-residential-care-institutions-in-cambodia-a-modelling-study
#15
Lindsay Stark, Beth L Rubenstein, Kimchoeun Pak, Sok Kosal
OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this study was to collect baseline data on the number of children living in residential care institutions in Cambodia. The secondary objective was to describe the characteristics of the children (eg, age, sex, duration of stay, education and health). The data were intended to guide recent efforts by the Government of Cambodia to reduce the number of children living in residential care institutions and increase the number of children growing up in supportive family environments...
January 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063708/infants-indoor-and-outdoor-residential-exposure-to-benzene-and-respiratory-health-in-a-spanish-cohort
#16
Amparo Ferrero, Ana Esplugues, Marisa Estarlich, Sabrina Llop, Amparo Cases, Enrique Mantilla, Ferran Ballester, Carmen Iñiguez
Benzene exposure represents a potential risk for children's health. Apart from being a known carcinogen for humans (group 1 according to IARC), there is scientific evidence suggesting a relationship between benzene exposure and respiratory problems in children. But results are still inconclusive and inconsistent. This study aims to assess the determinants of exposure to indoor and outdoor residential benzene levels and its relationship with respiratory health in infants. Participants were 1-year-old infants (N = 352) from the INMA cohort from Valencia (Spain)...
March 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060601/parents-caring-for-adult-children-with-serious-mental-illness
#17
Kathryn Y Raymond, Danny G Willis, Susan Sullivan-Bolyai
BACKGROUND: Parents often become the caregivers for their adult children with serious mental illness (SMI) due to the chronic and debilitating course of the illness and shortages in funding for community mental health services and residential placements. OBJECTIVE: To examine parents' management styles when caring for adult children with SMI and parents' perspectives on what type of community-based mental health interventions would support and/or enhance overall family functioning...
March 2017: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049542/technology-assisted-intervention-for-parents-of-adolescents-in-residential-substance-use-treatment-protocol-of-an-open-trial-and-pilot-randomized-trial
#18
Sara J Becker, Lynn Hernandez, Anthony Spirito, Selby Conrad
BACKGROUND: Adolescents in residential substance use disorder (SUD) treatment have poor outcomes post-discharge, with follow-up studies suggesting that most adolescents relapse within 90 days. Parenting practices directly influence adolescent SUD outcomes, but parents of adolescents with SUDs are difficult to engage in traditional behavioral treatments. The current study adapts and evaluates a technology-assisted intervention for parents of adolescents in residential SUD treatment. Based on pilot qualitative data with parents, adolescents, and residential staff, we augment an existing computerized intervention (Parenting Wisely; PW) with four in-person coaching sessions, personalized text messages, and an expert-moderated online parent message board...
January 3, 2017: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025767/residential-neighborhood-amenities-and-physical-activity-among-u-s-children-with-special-health-care-needs
#19
Ruopeng An, Yan Yang, Kaigang Li
Objectives Children with special health care needs (SHCN) have or are at elevated risk for chronic physical, developmental, behavioral or emotional conditions and therefore require specialized health care services. This study examines the relationship between residential neighborhood amenities and physical activity among U.S. children with SHCN. Methods A nationally representative sample of 113,767 children aged 6-17 years was taken from National Survey of Children's Health (NSCH) 2007-2008 and 2011-2012. Residential neighborhood amenities were defined by parent-reported presence or absence of sidewalks, parks/playgrounds, and recreation center...
December 26, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993335/the-oregon-model-of-behavior-family-therapy-from-intervention-design-to-promoting-large-scale-system-change
#20
Thomas Dishion, Marion Forgatch, Patricia Chamberlain, William E Pelham
This paper reviews the evolution of the Oregon model of family behavior therapy over the past four decades. Inspired by basic research on family interaction and innovation in behavior change theory, a set of intervention strategies were developed that were effective for reducing multiple forms of problem behavior in children (e.g., Patterson, Chamberlain, & Reid, 1982). Over the ensuing decades, the behavior family therapy principles were applied and adapted to promote children's adjustment to address family formation and adaptation (Family Check-Up model), family disruption and maladaptation (Parent Management Training-Oregon model), and family attenuation and dissolution (Treatment Foster Care-Oregon model)...
November 2016: Behavior Therapy
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