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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642720/depressive-symptomatology-among-norwegian-adolescent-boys-and-girls-the-patient-health-questionnaire-9-phq-9-psychometric-properties-and-correlates
#1
Jasmina Burdzovic Andreas, Geir S Brunborg
This study explored the potential contribution of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders (DSM-IV)-based Patient Health Questionnaire-9 item (PHQ-9) instrument to the developmental epidemiology research in Norway, by examining depressive symptoms in a school sample of adolescents (N = 846). The average PHQ-9 scores were 6.89 (SD = 5.13) for girls, and 4.57 (SD = 3.98) for boys; 8.5% of girls and 2.6% of boys were classified into the originally proposed categories indicative of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD; PHQ-9 scores ≥ 15)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642307/urban-green-and-grey-space-in-relation-to-respiratory-health-in-children
#2
Christina Tischer, Mireia Gascon, Ana Fernández-Somoano, Adonina Tardón, Aitana Lertxundi Materola, Jesus Ibarluzea, Amparo Ferrero, Marisa Estarlich, Marta Cirach, Martine Vrijheid, Elaine Fuertes, Albert Dalmau-Bueno, Mark J Nieuwenhuijsen, Josep M Antó, Jordi Sunyer, Payam Dadvand
We assessed the effect of three different indices of urban built environment on allergic and respiratory conditions.This study involved 2472 children participating in the ongoing INMA birth cohort located in two bio-geographic regions (Euro-Siberian and Mediterranean) in Spain. Residential surrounding built environment was characterised as 1) residential surrounding greenness based on satellite-derived normalised difference vegetation index (NDVI), 2) residential proximity to green spaces and 3) residential surrounding greyness based on urban land use patterns...
June 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622908/small-cell-lung-cancer-methodology-and-preliminary-results-of-the-small-cell-study
#3
Ángeles Rodríguez-Martínez, Alberto Ruano-Ravina, María Torres-Durán, Iria Vidal-García, Virginia Leiro-Fernández, Jesús Hernández-Hernández, Silvia García-García, Mariano Provencio, Olalla Castro-Añón, Isaura Parente-Lamelas, Ihab Abdulkader, José Abal-Arca, Carmen Montero-Martínez, Margarita Amenedo, Rosirys Guzmán-Taveras, Alberto Fernández-Villar, Juan Miguel Barros-Dios
INTRODUCTION: Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is the most aggressive histologic type of lung cancer, and accounts for approximately 10%-15% of all cases. Few studies have analyzed the effect of residential radon. Our aim is to determine the risk factors of SCLC. METHODS: We designed a multicenter, hospital-based case-control study with the participation of 11 hospitals in 4 autonomous communities. RESULTS: Results of the first 113 cases have been analyzed, 63 of which included residential radon measurements...
June 13, 2017: Archivos de Bronconeumología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622588/attachment-representations-and-socio-emotional-difficulties-in-alternative-care-a-comparison-between-residential-foster-and-family-based-children-in-chile
#4
Manuela Garcia Quiroga, Catherine Hamilton-Giachritsis, Margarita Ibañez Fanés
Attachment has been assessed in children living in alternative care (AC) settings, such as Residential Homes (RC) and Foster Care (FC). However, no study has been conducted to compare attachment styles in residential, foster and parental care conducted as usual in the same country at the same point in time. There is also a lack of studies conducted in less developed countries. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare outcomes for children living in three different types of care in Chile. Three groups of children (N=77), living in (RC), (FC) and with biological parents (PC) were compared...
June 13, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618321/the-crucial-role-of-the-micro-caregiving-environment-factors-associated-with-attachment-styles-in-alternative-care-in-chile
#5
Manuela Garcia Quiroga, Catherine Hamilton-Giachritsis
The distribution of attachment styles has been shown to differ between groups of children living with their parents and children placed in alternative care (AC), defined as residential or foster. However, this is the first study in Latin America to explore possible factors affecting the quality of attachment in children living in both residential and foster care. Two groups of children (N=57) were compared: one group living in Residential Homes (RC) and the other in Foster Care (FC) in Chile. Children's, caregivers' and structural factors (e...
June 12, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607541/residential-mobility-transience-depression-and-marijuana-use-initiation-among-adolescents-and-young-adults
#6
REVIEW
Cristie Glasheen, Valerie L Forman-Hoffman, Jason Williams
Marijuana use initiation is associated with numerous health and behavioral consequences, particularly among young adolescents. Finding easily identifiable risk markers for marijuana initiation is an important step for targeting primary and secondary prevention efforts. This study used data from the 2010-2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health to evaluate the association between residential mobility (no mobility, low mobility, high mobility [ie, transience]), and major depressive episode(s) (MDE) on marijuana initiation among adolescents (12-17) and young adults (18-20)...
2017: Substance Abuse: Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595043/the-association-between-the-incidence-of-postmenopausal-breast-cancer-and-concentrations-at-street-level-of-nitrogen-dioxide-and-ultrafine-particles
#7
Mark S Goldberg, France Labrèche, Scott Weichenthal, Eric Lavigne, Marie-France Valois, Marianne Hatzopoulou, Keith Van Ryswyk, Maryam Shekarrizfard, Paul J Villeneuve, Daniel Crouse, Marie-Élise Parent
BACKGROUND: There is scant information as to whether traffic-related air pollution is associated with the incidence of breast cancer. Nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and ultrafine particles (UFPs, <0.1µm), are two pollutants that capture intra-urban variations in traffic-related air pollution and may also be associated with incidence. METHODS: We conducted a population-based, case-control study of street-level concentrations of NO2 and UFPs and incident postmenopausal breast cancer in Montreal, Canada...
June 5, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594092/understanding-the-relationship-between-cesarean-birth-and-stress-anxiety-and-depression-after-childbirth-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#8
Hung-Hui Chen, Jerry Cheng-Yen Lai, Shyh-Jou Hwang, Nicole Huang, Yiing-Jenq Chou, Li-Yin Chien
BACKGROUND: Women who undergo cesarean birth might have an increased risk for poor mental health after childbirth, possibly because of maternal and neonatal physical problems, low parental confidence, and decreased levels of oxytocin. However, this relationship remains controversial and requires further examination. The study aimed to examine the effect of cesarean birth on postpartum stress, anxiety, and depression. METHODS: This nationwide population-based cohort study was conducted using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Database...
June 8, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560537/association-between-childhood-adversity-and-a-diagnosis-of-personality-disorder-in-young-adulthood-a-cohort-study-of-107-287-individuals-in-stockholm-county
#9
Emma Björkenstam, Lisa Ekselius, Bo Burström, Kyriaki Kosidou, Charlotte Björkenstam
Childhood adversity (CA) may increase the risk for later developing of personality disorder (PD). However, less is known about the association between cumulative CA and PD, and the role of childhood psychopathology and school performance. The current study examined the relationship between a range of CAs and a diagnosis of PD in young adulthood, and the roles of childhood psychopathology and school performance in this relationship. All individuals born in Stockholm County 1987-1991 (n = 107,287) constituted our cohort...
May 30, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481820/a-prenatal-coparenting-intervention-with-unmarried-father-mother-dyads-fidelity-of-intervention-delivery-by-male-female-community-mentor-teams
#10
Selin Salman-Engin, Tara Little, Vikki Gaskin-Butler, James P McHale
BACKGROUND: Most prenatal preventive interventions for unmarried mothers do not integrate fathers or help the parents plan for the development of a functional coparenting alliance after the baby's arrival. Furthermore, properly trained professionals have only rarely examined the fidelity of these interventions. PURPOSE: This report examines whether experienced community interventionists (home visitors, health educators, fatherhood service personnel) with no formal couples' therapy training are capable of pairing together to deliver with adequate fidelity a manualized dyadic intervention designed for expectant unmarried mothers and fathers...
June 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481249/nocturnal-road-traffic-noise-exposure-and-children-s-sleep-duration-and-sleep-problems
#11
Kjell Vegard Weyde, Norun Hjertager Krog, Bente Oftedal, Jorunn Evandt, Per Magnus, Simon Øverland, Charlotte Clark, Stephen Stansfeld, Gunn Marit Aasvang
Almost half of the European Union (EU)'s population is exposed to road traffic noise above levels that constitute a health risk. Associations between road traffic noise and impaired sleep in adults have consistently been reported. Less is known about effects of noise on children's sleep. The aim of this study was to examine the association between nocturnal road traffic noise exposure and children's parental-reported sleep duration and sleep problems. The present cross-sectional study used data from The Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study...
May 6, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464306/-i-m-opening-my-arms-rather-than-pushing-away-perceived-benefits-of-a-mindfulness-based-intervention-among-homeless-women-and-young-children
#12
Jeanne L Alhusen, Carole Norris-Shortle, Kim Cosgrove, Lauren Marks
Family homelessness is associated with adverse outcomes in mothers and their young children. Evidence-based programs are needed to support the socioemotional needs of these families. The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore the perceived benefits of participating in a mindfulness program in mother-child dyads receiving services at a therapeutic nursery serving homeless children under the age of 3 years. A convenience sample of 17 predominantly African American mothers participated in in-depth qualitative interviews...
May 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462813/characterizing-social-determinants-of-health-for-adolescent-mothers-during-the-prenatal-and-postpartum-periods
#13
Natasha R Kumar, Christina A Raker, Crystal F Ware, Maureen G Phipps
PURPOSE: Significant racial disparities and continuing poor birth outcomes make adolescent pregnancy a significant public health concern in the United States despite declining pregnancy rates. Social determinants of health are associated with increased likelihood of pregnancy and poor maternal and child health outcomes. This study aims to characterize specific elements of social determinants of health in a cohort of predominantly Latina adolescent mothers. METHODS: Between February 2007 and August 2008, 106 pregnant adolescents participated in a study with assessments at 20 to 24 weeks of gestation, and at 3 and 6 months postpartum...
April 24, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454012/spatial-clustering-of-childhood-leukaemia-with-the-integration-of-the-paediatric-environmental-history
#14
Alberto Cárceles-Álvarez, Juan A Ortega-García, Fernando A López-Hernández, Mayra Orozco-Llamas, Blanca Espinosa-López, Esther Tobarra-Sánchez, Lizbeth Alvarez
BACKGROUND: Leukaemia remains the most common type of paediatric cancer and its aetiology remains unknown, but considered to be multifactorial. It is suggested that the initiation in utero by relevant exposures and/or inherited genetic variants and, other promotional postnatal exposures are probably required to develop leukaemia. This study aimed to map the incidence and analyse possible clusters in the geographical distribution of childhood acute leukaemia during the critical periods and to evaluate the factors that may be involved in the aetiology by conducting community and individual risk assessments...
July 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453973/determinants-of-children-s-exposure-to-pyrethroid-insecticides-in-western-france
#15
Philippe Glorennec, Tania Serrano, Morgane Fravallo, Charline Warembourg, Christine Monfort, Sylvaine Cordier, Jean-François Viel, Florent Le Gléau, Barbara Le Bot, Cécile Chevrier
Pyrethroids are insecticides frequently used in agriculture and in the home; exposure occurs through dietary and non-dietary pathways, including indoor and outdoor environmental contamination. Our objective was to study the potential determinants of pyrethroid metabolite concentrations measured in children's urine samples and in the dust of their homes. Specifically, we measured urinary metabolites from morning spot samples of 245 six-year-old children living in Brittany (France) in 2009-2012 and from dust vacuumed from the floor of their homes...
April 25, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438524/trajectories-of-mental-health-related-service-use-among-adolescents-with-histories-of-early-externalizing-problems
#16
Yuko Okado, Emily Ewing, Christina Rowley, Damon E Jones
PURPOSE: To inform efforts to reduce costly service utilization, the present study examined longitudinal trajectories of mental health-related outpatient and residential service use among at-risk youth with a history of early externalizing problems. METHODS: A cohort of 809 children in the Fast Track Project, a multisite longitudinal study of children at risk for conduct disorder, were followed prospectively from kindergarten through 12th grade. They resided in high-risk areas with high rates of poverty, crime, and violence...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426346/correlates-of-current-smoking-among-adults-served-by-the-public-mental-health-system
#17
Margaret A Swarbrick, Judith A Cook, Lisa A Razzano, Jessica A Jonikas, Ni Gao, Jill Williams, Jay Yudof
OBJECTIVE: As part of a study of health status among 457 adults with diagnostically heterogeneous serious mental illnesses served by the public mental health system in four U.S. states, we assessed predictors of current cigarette smoking. METHODS: We examined bivariate relationships between smoking status and risks for drug and alcohol use disorders, residential setting, parental status, and employment. Finally, we used multivariable logistic regression to predict current smoking, controlling for significant confounds...
April 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424157/childhood-adversity-and-risk-of-suicide-cohort-study-of-548%C3%A2-721-adolescents-and-young-adults-in-sweden
#18
Charlotte Björkenstam, Kyriaki Kosidou, Emma Björkenstam
Objective To examine the relation between childhood adversity, the role of school performance, and childhood psychopathology and the risk of suicide.Design Cohort study of register based indicators of childhood adversity (at ages 0-14) including death in the family (suicide analysed separately), parental substance abuse, parental psychiatric disorder, substantial parental criminality, parental separation/single parent household, receipt of public assistance, and residential instability.Setting Swedish medical birth register and various Swedish population based registers...
April 19, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395241/spatial-variations-in-ambient-ultrafine-particle-concentrations-and-the-risk-of-incident-prostate-cancer-a-case-control-study
#19
Scott Weichenthal, Eric Lavigne, Marie-France Valois, Marianne Hatzopoulou, Keith Van Ryswyk, Maryam Shekarrizfard, Paul J Villeneuve, Mark S Goldberg, Marie-Elise Parent
BACKGROUND: Diesel exhaust contains large numbers of ultrafine particles (UFPs, <0.1µm) and is a recognized human carcinogen. However, epidemiological studies have yet to evaluate the relationship between UFPs and cancer incidence. METHODS: We conducted a case-control study of UFPs and incident prostate cancer in Montreal, Canada. Cases were identified from all main Francophone hospitals in the Montreal area between 2005 and 2009. Population controls were identified from provincial electoral lists of French Montreal residents and frequency-matched to cases using 5-year age groups...
July 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355491/suicide-ideation-and-attempts-among-first-nations-peoples-living-on-reserve-in-canada-the-intergenerational-and-cumulative-effects-of-indian-residential-schools
#20
Robyn Jane McQuaid, Amy Bombay, Opal Arilla McInnis, Courtney Humeny, Kimberly Matheson, Hymie Anisman
OBJECTIVE: Suicide rates among Indigenous peoples in Canada are at least twice that of their non-Indigenous counterparts. Although contemporary stressors contribute to this increased risk, historical experiences such as the Indian Residential School (IRS) system may also have continuing links with the risk for suicidal thoughts and behaviors. The current investigation examined the intergenerational and cumulative links between familial IRS attendance in relation to lifetime suicide ideation and attempts among First Nations adults living on-reserve...
June 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
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