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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865527/pathways-of-inhalation-exposure-to-manganese-in-children-living-near-a-ferromanganese-refinery-a-structural-equation-modeling-approach
#1
Florence Fulk, Paul Succop, Timothy J Hilbert, Caroline Beidler, David Brown, Tiina Reponen, Erin N Haynes
Manganese (Mn) is both essential element and neurotoxicant. Exposure to Mn can occur from various sources and routes. Structural equation modeling was used to examine routes of exposure to Mn among children residing near a ferromanganese refinery in Marietta, Ohio. An inhalation pathway model to ambient air Mn was hypothesized. Data for model evaluation were obtained from participants in the Communities Actively Researching Exposure Study (CARES). These data were collected in 2009 and included levels of Mn in residential soil and dust, levels of Mn in children's hair, information on the amount of time the child spent outside, heat and air conditioning in the home and level of parent education...
November 17, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863516/residential-neighbourhood-greenspace-is-associated-with-reduced-risk-of-incident-diabetes-in-older-people-a-prospective-cohort-study
#2
Alice M Dalton, Andrew P Jones, Stephen J Sharp, Andrew J M Cooper, Simon Griffin, Nicholas J Wareham
BACKGROUND: Three cross sectional studies suggest that neighbourhood greenspace may protect against incident diabetes. This study uses data from a longitudinal study with a large sample size to investigate the association between greenspace and the occurrence of incident diabetes over time. METHODS: Data was from the European Prospective Investigation of Cancer Norfolk, UK, cohort, recruitment 1993-2007 (N = 23,865). Neighbourhoods were defined as 800 m circular buffers around participants' home locations, according to their home postcode (zip code)...
November 18, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830922/pediatric-selective-mutism-therapy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Maria Esposito, Francesca Gimigliano, Maria R Barillari, Francesco Precenzano, Maria Ruberto, Joseph Sepe, Umberto Barillari, Raffaele Gimigliano, Roberto Militerni, Giovanni Messina, Marco Carotenuto
BACKGROUND: Selective Mutism (SM) is a rare disease in children coded by DSM-5 as an anxiety disorder. Despite the disabling nature of the disease, there is still no specific treatment. AIMS: The aims of this study were to verify the efficacy of six-month standard psychomotor treatment and the positive changes in lifestyle, in a population of children affected by SM. DESIGN: Randomised Controlled Trial registered in the European Clinical Trials Registry (EuDract 2015-001161-36)...
November 10, 2016: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823799/residential-greenness-and-risk-of-prostate-cancer-a-case-control-study-in-montreal-canada
#4
Claire Demoury, Benoît Thierry, Hugues Richard, Brittany Sigler, Yan Kestens, Marie-Elise Parent
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest that exposure to greenness favors several health outcomes. We assessed whether living in the proximity of greener areas was related to prostate cancer incidence in a population-based case-control study in Montreal, Canada. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Interviews eliciting lifetime addresses were conducted with 1933 prostate cancer cases diagnosed in 2005-2009 and 1994 population controls. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) estimated the association between residential greenness, both at recruitment (2005-2009) and about ten years prior (1996), defined by the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) around the home, and prostate cancer risk...
November 4, 2016: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807804/tourette-syndrome-increases-risk-of-bone-fractures-a-population-based-cohort-study
#5
Yuan-Yuan Lu, Ming-Yu Wang, I-Hua Wei, Che-Chen Lin, Chih-Chia Huang
This study assesses the risk of fractures among children with Tourette syndrome (TS), and identifies the effects of comorbidities and antipsychotics. We randomly sampled the claims data of 1 million enrollees in the National Health Insurance program of Taiwan, and identified 1258 children with TS diagnosed between 2000 and 2010. Additionally, 12,580 children without TS who were frequency matched for sex, age, residential area, parental occupation, and index year were identified for comparison. The children's cases were followed until December 31, 2010, or censored to ascertain incident fractures cases and associations with comorbidities of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and treatments with antipsychotics, antidepressants, or clonidine...
November 2, 2016: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802894/self-harm-risk-between-adolescence-and-midlife-in-people-who-experienced-separation-from-one-or-both-parents-during-childhood
#6
Aske Astrup, Carsten B Pedersen, Pearl L H Mok, Matthew J Carr, Roger T Webb
BACKGROUND: Experience of child-parent separation predicts adverse outcomes in later life. We conducted a detailed epidemiological examination of this complex relationship by modelling an array of separation scenarios and trajectories and subsequent risk of self-harm. METHODS: This cohort study examined persons born in Denmark during 1971-1997. We measured child-parent separations each year from birth to 15th birthday via complete residential address records in the Civil Registration System...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799390/residential-radon-egfr-mutations-and-alk-alterations-in-never-smoking-lung-cancer-cases
#7
Alberto Ruano-Ravina, María Torres-Durán, Karl T Kelsey, Isaura Parente-Lamelas, Virginia Leiro-Fernández, Ihab Abdulkader, José Abal-Arca, Carmen Montero-Martínez, Iria Vidal-García, Margarita Amenedo, Olalla Castro-Añón, Antonio Golpe-Gómez, Javier González-Barcala, Cristina Martínez, Rosirys Guzmán-Taveras, Mariano Provencio, María José Mejuto-Martí, Alberto Fernández-Villar, Juan Miguel Barros-Dios
The aim of this study was to assess if residential radon exposure might cause EGFR mutations or ALK rearrangements in never-smokers.We designed a multicentre case-control study in a radon-prone area (Galicia, Spain); only lung cancer cases were included in the study. We obtained residential radon measurements and clinical information for all the participants. We compared the median values of residential radon between patients with EGFR mutations or ALK rearrangements versus those without them.323 patients were included...
November 2016: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788879/association-of-neighborhood-crime-with-asthma-and-asthma-morbidity-among-mexican-american-children-in-chicago-illinois
#8
Kamal Eldeirawi, Colin Kunzweiler, Natalya Rosenberg, Barth Riley, Yan Gao, Jennifer Hebert-Beirne, Shannon Zenk, Elizabeth Tarlov, Victoria Persky
BACKGROUND: There is increasing evidence that neighborhood-level factors, in addition to individual-level factors, may contribute directly or indirectly to childhood asthma by affecting environmental and lifestyle factors. Exposure to neighborhood crime and violence has been associated with poor health outcomes, especially among underserved and minority populations, and its effect on respiratory health is an area of active research. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association of residential neighborhood crime with asthma and asthma-related outcomes among Mexican American children...
November 2016: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738399/epidemiology-of-hepatitis-e-virus-in-children-in-the-province-of-van-turkey
#9
Gülsüm İclal Bayhan, Kaan Demiören, Hüseyin Güdücüoğlu
AIM: Hepatitis E virus is an etiological agent of hepatitis which is transmitted enterically and may lead to water-born outbreaks. Although it is mainly transmitted by the fecal-oral route, it is estimated that many cases are associated with zoonotic transmission in developing countries. In this study, we aimed to investigate the seroprevalence of hepatitis E in the childhood age group in the province of Van and to demonstrate the relationship between seroprevalence and demographic properties, residential house/region, water supply used at home, dealing with livestock and history of surgery...
September 2016: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738249/suicide-and-suicide-prevention-among-inuit-in-canada
#10
Michael J Kral
Inuit in Canada have among the highest suicide rates in the world, and it is primarily among their youth. Risk factors include known ones such as depression, substance use, a history of abuse, and knowing others who have made attempts or have killed themselves, however of importance are the negative effects of colonialism. This took place for Inuit primarily during the government era starting in the 1950s, when Inuit were moved from their family-based land camps to crowded settlements run by white men, and children were removed from their parents and placed into residential or day schools...
November 2016: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722929/pesticides-an-update-of-human-exposure-and-toxicity
#11
Sara Mostafalou, Mohammad Abdollahi
Pesticides are a family of compounds which have brought many benefits to mankind in the agricultural, industrial, and health areas, but their toxicities in both humans and animals have always been a concern. Regardless of acute poisonings which are common for some classes of pesticides like organophosphoruses, the association of chronic and sub-lethal exposure to pesticides with a prevalence of some persistent diseases is going to be a phenomenon to which global attention has been attracted. In this review, incidence of various malignant, neurodegenerative, respiratory, reproductive, developmental, and metabolic diseases in relation to different routes of human exposure to pesticides such as occupational, environmental, residential, parental, maternal, and paternal has been systematically criticized in different categories of pesticide toxicities like carcinogenicity, neurotoxicity, pulmonotoxicity, reproductive toxicity, developmental toxicity, and metabolic toxicity...
October 8, 2016: Archives of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27715288/fathers-representation-in-observational-studies-on-parenting-and-childhood-obesity-a-systematic-review-and-content-analysis
#12
Kirsten K Davison, Selma Gicevic, Alyssa Aftosmes-Tobio, Claudia Ganter, Christine L Simon, Sami Newlan, Jennifer A Manganello
BACKGROUND: The involvement of fathers in caregiving has increased substantially over the past 30 years. Yet in child and adolescent psychopathology, few studies include fathers as research participants and few present results for fathers separate from those for mothers. We test for the first time whether a similar pattern exists in research on parenting and childhood obesity. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a systematic review and quantitative content analysis of observational studies on parenting and childhood obesity to (1) document the inclusion of fathers, relative to mothers, as research participants and (2) examine characteristics of studies that did and did not include fathers...
November 2016: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695136/residential-instability-family-support-and-parent-child-relationships-among-ethnically-diverse-urban-families
#13
Elizabeth M Riina, Adam Lippert, Jeanne Brooks-Gunn
From a social disorganization standpoint, neighborhood residential instability potentially brings negative consequences to parent-child relationship qualities, but family social support and racial/ethnic identity may modify this association. Using data (n = 3,116) from the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods, this study examines associations between neighborhood residential instability and parent-child warmth and conflict, whether family social support moderates associations between residential instability and parent-child relationships, and variation by race/ethnicity...
August 2016: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682008/the-sewol-ferry-disaster-experiences-of-a-community-based-hospital-in-ansan-city
#14
Jong-Hak Park, Hanjin Cho, Joo Yeong Kim, Joo-Hyun Song, Sungwoo Moon, Sang Hoon Cha, Byung-Min Choi, Chang-Su Han, Young-Hoon Ko, Hongjae Lee
The Sewol ferry disaster is one of the most tragic events in Korea's modern history. Among the 476 people on board, which included Danwon High School students (324) and teachers (14), 304 passengers died in the disaster (295 recovered corpses and 9 missing) and 172 survived. Of the rescued survivors, 72 were attending Danwon High School, located in Ansan City, and residing in a residence nearby. Because the students were young, emotionally susceptible adolescents, both the government and the parents requested the students be grouped together at a single hospital capable of appropriate psychiatric care...
September 29, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679796/contemporary-fatherhood-and-its-consequences-for-paternal-psychological-well-being-a-cross-sectional-study-of-fathers-in-central-europe
#15
Patricia Waldvogel, Ulrike Ehlert
The emotional consequences of fatherhood are markedly conditional on the context in which fatherhood is lived out. This study examines the association between different contemporary forms of fatherhood and paternal psychological well-being. The data are from an anonymous online survey of 3615 biological fathers, stepfathers, adoptive fathers, and foster fathers across the German-speaking countries of Central Europe. First, a detailed characterization of the different existing family constellations is provided...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664530/emotional-and-behavioral-difficulties-in-children-growing-up-homeless-in-paris-results-of-the-enfams-survey
#16
M Roze, S Vandentorren, C Vuillermoz, P Chauvin, M Melchior
PURPOSE: Children growing up in homeless families are disproportionately more likely to experience health and psychological problems. Our objective was to describe social, environmental, individual and family characteristics associated with emotional and behavioral difficulties among homeless children living in the Paris region. METHODS: Face-to-face interviews with a representative sample of homeless families were conducted by bilingual psychologists and interviewers between January and May 2013 (n=343 children ages 4-13 years)...
October 2016: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631735/fathers-representation-in-observational-studies-on-parenting-and-childhood-obesity-a-systematic-review-and-content-analysis
#17
Kirsten K Davison, Selma Gicevic, Alyssa Aftosmes-Tobio, Claudia Ganter, Christine L Simon, Sami Newlan, Jennifer A Manganello
BACKGROUND: The involvement of fathers in caregiving has increased substantially over the past 30 years. Yet in child and adolescent psychopathology, few studies include fathers as research participants and few present results for fathers separate from those for mothers. We test for the first time whether a similar pattern exists in research on parenting and childhood obesity. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a systematic review and quantitative content analysis of observational studies on parenting and childhood obesity to (1) document the inclusion of fathers, relative to mothers, as research participants and (2) examine characteristics of studies that did and did not include fathers...
November 2016: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27624323/explaining-the-effect-of-parent-child-coresidence-on-marriage-formation-the-case-of-japan
#18
Wei-Hsin Yu, Janet Chen-Lan Kuo
Many single adult children in countries around the world live with their parents. Such coresidence has been thought to delay the transition to first marriage, although the exact reasons for the delay have not been sufficiently examined. Using panel data from Japan, we investigate whether changes in never-married adults' residential status lead to alterations in their marital aspirations, courtship behaviors, romantic opportunities, and perceived obstacles to marrying. Our estimation of fixed-effects models helps address potential bias caused by single individuals' selection into living in the parental home...
October 2016: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27600666/determinants-of-organised-sports-participation-patterns-during-the-transition-from-childhood-to-adolescence-in-germany-results-of-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#19
Kristin Manz, Susanne Krug, Anja Schienkiewitz, Jonas David Finger
BACKGROUND: Organised sports (OS) participation is an important health behaviour but it seems to decline from childhood to adolescence. The aim of this study was to investigate OS participation patterns from childhood to adolescence and potential determinants for those patterns. METHODS: Data from the German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Children and Adolescents (KiGGS) cohort study with a 6 year follow-up period were used (KiGGS0: 2003-06, KiGGS1: 2009-12)...
2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27600167/optimizing-life-success-through-residential-immersive-life-skills-programs-for-youth-with-disabilities-study-protocol-of-a-mixed-methods-prospective-comparative-cohort-study
#20
Amy C McPherson, Gillian King, Alanna Rudzik, Shauna Kingsnorth, Jan Willem Gorter
BACKGROUND: Young people with disabilities often lag behind their typically developing peers in the achievement of adult roles, which has been attributed to a lack of opportunities to develop critical life skills. Residential Immersive Life Skills (RILS) programs provide situated learning opportunities to develop life skills alongside peers and away from home in real-world settings. Retrospective research suggests that attending RILS programs is a transformative experience that empowers youth, provides parental hope, and increases service provider expertise...
2016: BMC Pediatrics
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