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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347895/-childhood-experiences-of-adolescents-in-boarding-schools-a-comparison-with-adolescents-in-residential-care-and-with-the-general-population
#1
Thea Rau, Jeannine Ohlert, Jörg M Fegert, Sabine Andresen, Andrea Pohling, Marc Allroggen
Childhood Experiences of Adolescents in Boarding Schools. A Comparison with Adolescents in Residential Care and with the General Population Various studies indicate that students in boarding schools experience a lot of violence during their accommodation. However, it is not proved whether adolescents in boarding schools are also a burdensome group regarding early childhood experiences such as neglect and abuse. The aim of the study was to find out more about the experiences of adolescents in boarding schools and to determine whether there are differences between adolescents in residential care and between the general population...
January 2018: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333764/education-is-the-strongest-socioeconomic-predictor-of-smoking-in-pregnancy
#2
Juho Härkönen, Matti Lindberg, Linnea Karlsson, Hasse Karlsson, Noora M Scheinin
AIMS: To investigate socioeconomic disparities in smoking in pregnancy (SIP) by the mother's education, occupational class, and current economic conditions. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis with linked survey and register data. SETTING: South-Western Finland. PARTICIPANTS: 2,667 pregnant women (70% of the original sample (N=3,808)) from FinnBrain, a prospective pregnancy cohort study. MEASUREMENTS: The outcome was smoking during the first pregnancy trimester, measured from the Finnish Medical Birth Register...
January 14, 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330038/asthmatic-wheezing-phenotypes-in-preschool-children-influential-factors-health-care-and-urban-rural-differences
#3
Susanne Kutzora, Alisa Weber, Stefanie Heinze, Lana Hendrowarsito, Uta Nennstiel-Ratzel, Erika von Mutius, Nina Fuchs, Caroline Herr
BACKGROUND: Different wheezing and asthmatic phenotypes turned out to indicate differences in etiology, risk factors and health care. We examined influential factors and urban-rural differences for different phenotypes. METHODS: Parents of 4732 children filled out a questionnaire concerning children's health and environmental factors administered within the Health Monitoring Units (GME) in a cross-sectional study in Bavaria, Germany (2014/2015). To classify respiratory symptoms, five phenotype groups were built: episodic, unremitting and frequent wheeze, ISAAC (International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Children) - asthma and physician-diagnosed asthma (neither of the groups are mutually exclusive)...
December 24, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315266/preventive-effect-of-residential-green-space-on-infantile-atopic-dermatitis-associated-with-prenatal-air-pollution-exposure
#4
Ji-Young Lee, Dirga Kumar Lamichhane, Myeongjee Lee, Shinhee Ye, Jung-Hyun Kwon, Myung-Sook Park, Hwan-Cheol Kim, Jong-Han Leem, Yun-Chul Hong, Yangho Kim, Mina Ha, Eunhee Ha
Few birth cohort studies have examined the role of traffic-related air pollution (TRAP) in the development of infantile atopic dermatitis (AD), but none have investigated the role of preventive factors such as green spaces. The aim of this study was to investigate whether exposure to nitrogen dioxide (NO₂) and particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter of <10 μm (PM10) during pregnancy is associated with increased risk of development of AD in 6-month-old children and also to examine how this association changes with residential green space...
January 9, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295595/stimulating-parenting-practices-in-indigenous-and-non-indigenous-mexican-communities
#5
Heather A Knauer, Emily J Ozer, William Dow, Lia C H Fernald
Parenting may be influenced by ethnicity; marginalization; education; and poverty. A critical but unexamined question is how these factors may interact to compromise or support parenting practices in ethnic minority communities. This analysis examined associations between mothers' stimulating parenting practices and a range of child-level (age; sex; and cognitive and socio-emotional development); household-level (indigenous ethnicity; poverty; and parental education); and community-level (economic marginalization and majority indigenous population) variables among 1893 children ages 4-18 months in poor; rural communities in Mexico...
December 25, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294997/traumatic-events-exposure-and-psychological-trauma-in-children-victims-of-war-in-the-gaza-strip
#6
Antonio L Manzanero, María Crespo, Susana Barón, Teresa Scott, Sofián El-Astal, Fairouz Hemaid
The present article studies war-related trauma and its effects on children living in the Gaza Strip, 6 months after the attack launched by the Israeli army on July 8, 2014, which lasted for 51 days. The objective was twofold: (a) to identify the prevalence of exposure to traumatic events and (b) to examine the symptoms of traumatic stress in children as described by their parents or tutors using the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire (HTQ). Data from 1,850 male and female children aged between 6 and 15 years living in the Gaza Strip were collected throughout the months of February and April 2015, that is 6 months after the attack...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294937/understanding-how-domestic-violence-shelter-rules-may-influence-survivor-empowerment
#7
Katie Gregory, Nkiru Nnawulezi, Cris M Sullivan
Domestic violence shelters have historically gone beyond providing emergency residential space for survivors by assisting in obtaining future housing, employment, health care, child care, or legal services. Domestic violence shelters are expected to operate within an empowerment philosophy, with an understanding that survivors are self-determining, can identify their needs, and know what it takes to meet those needs. Recent research has indicated that, as many shelters have become more rigid in creating rules that survivors must follow to access and retain free temporary housing, the result has been survivors' feelings of disempowerment, the complete opposite of what was originally intended...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294913/quality-of-sibling-relationships-in-maltreated-youth-residing-in-out-of-home-care
#8
Helen M Milojevich, Jodi A Quas, Britni L Adams
When children are removed from their parents's custody because of substantiated maltreatment and placed in out-of-home placements, they may be placed separately from siblings, potentially leading to even higher levels of stress in children. This possibility emerges insofar as siblings serve as a source of support during the uncertain times that accompany maltreatment and subsequent removal. We explored these issues in the present study, focusing on whether sibling relationship quality was related to post-removal behavioral functioning in maltreated children and adolescents...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294569/-association-between-cesarean-birth-and-the-risk-of-obesity-in-6-17-year-olds
#9
Z H Wang, R B Xu, Y H Dong, Y D Yang, S Wang, X J Wang, Z G Yang, Z Y Zou, J Ma
Objective: To explore the association between cesarean section and obesity in child and adolescent. Methods: In this study, a total number of 42 758 primary and middle school students aged between 6 and 17 were selected, using the stratified cluster sampling method in 93 primary and middle schools in Hunan, Ningxia, Tianjin, Chongqing, Liaoning, Shanghai and Guangdong provinces and autonomous regions. Log-Binomial regression model was used to analyze the association between cesarean section and obesity in childhood or adolescent...
December 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258437/informal-care-relationships-and-residential-aged-care-recommendations-evidence-from-administrative-data
#10
Jeromey B Temple, Marijan Jukic, Briony Dow
BACKGROUND: The Australian government recognises the importance of informal care to enable ageing in place. Yet, few multivariable studies have examined aspects of informal care that alter the probability of entry to residential care in Australia. Existing Australian and international studies show differing effects of informal care on entry to residential care. METHODS: We utilise unique administrative data on aged care assessments collected from 2010 to 2013, consisting of 280,000 persons aged 65 and over...
December 19, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238825/association-of-cumulative-childhood-adversity-and-adolescent-violent-offending-with-suicide-in-early-adulthood
#11
Emma Björkenstam, Anders Hjern, Charlotte Björkenstam, Kyriaki Kosidou
Importance: Childhood adversity (CA) is associated with an increased risk of suicide in young adulthood that might be explained by maladaptive trajectories during adolescence. Although adolescent violent offending is linked with suicide, little is known about its role in the association between CA and suicide. Objective: To examine whether adolescent violent offending mediates the association between CA and suicide in early adulthood. Design, Setting, and Participants: This population-based, longitudinal cohort study with a follow-up time spanning 5 to 9 years included 476 103 individuals born in Sweden between 1984 and 1988...
December 13, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236077/a-pilot-study-of-children-s-blood-lead-levels-in-mount-isa-queensland
#12
Donna Green, Marianne Sullivan, Nathan Cooper, Annika Dean, Cielo Marquez
Mount Isa, Queensland, is one of three Australian cities with significant lead emissions due to nonferrous mining and smelting. Unlike the two other cities with lead mines or smelters, Mount Isa currently has no system of annual, systematic, community-wide blood lead level testing; and testing rates among Indigenous children are low. In previous screenings, this group of children has been shown to have higher average blood lead levels than non-Indigenous children. The first aim of this study was to assess whether parents and children would participate in less invasive, rapid point-of-care capillary testing...
December 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234991/longitudinal-analysis-of-particulate-air-pollutants-and-adolescent-delinquent-behavior-in-southern-california
#13
Diana Younan, Catherine Tuvblad, Meredith Franklin, Fred Lurmann, Lianfa Li, Jun Wu, Kiros Berhane, Laura A Baker, Jiu-Chiuan Chen
Animal experiments and cross-sectional human studies have linked particulate matter (PM) with increased behavioral problems. We conducted a longitudinal study to examine whether the trajectories of delinquent behavior are affected by PM2.5 (PM with aerodynamic diameter ≤ 2.5 μm) exposures before and during adolescence. We used the parent-reported Child Behavior Checklist at age 9-18 with repeated measures every ~2-3 years (up to 4 behavioral assessments) on 682 children from the Risk Factors for Antisocial Behavior Study conducted in a multi-ethnic cohort of twins born in 1990-1995...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206872/socioeconomic-disparities-and-sexual-dimorphism-in-neurotoxic-effects-of-ambient-fine-particles-on-youth-iq-a-longitudinal-analysis
#14
Pan Wang, Catherine Tuvblad, Diana Younan, Meredith Franklin, Fred Lurmann, Jun Wu, Laura A Baker, Jiu-Chiuan Chen
Mounting evidence indicates that early-life exposure to particulate air pollutants pose threats to children's cognitive development, but studies about the neurotoxic effects associated with exposures during adolescence remain unclear. We examined whether exposure to ambient fine particles (PM2.5) at residential locations affects intelligence quotient (IQ) during pre-/early- adolescence (ages 9-11) and emerging adulthood (ages 18-20) in a demographically-diverse population (N = 1,360) residing in Southern California...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181335/perceived-workplace-stress-is-associated-with-an-increased-risk-of-prostate-cancer-before-age-65
#15
Audrey Blanc-Lapierre, Marie-Claude Rousseau, Marie-Elise Parent
Background: Evidence is lacking regarding the potential role of chronic psychological stress on cancer incidence. The workplace is reported to be the main source of stress among Canadian men. We examined the association between perceived lifetime workplace stress and prostate cancer (PCa) risk in a large case-control study. Methods: Cases were 1,933 men, aged ≤ 75 years, newly diagnosed with PCa in 2005-2009 across hospitals in Montreal, Canada. Concurrently, 1994 population controls frequency-matched on age were randomly selected from the electoral list based on cases' residential districts...
2017: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169141/complicated-grief-and-caregiving-correlates-among-bereaved-adolescent-girls-in-south-africa
#16
Tonya R Thurman, Tory M Taylor, Brian Luckett, Alexandra Spyrelis, Johanna Nice
To our knowledge, this is the first study to document correlates of complicated grief among bereaved adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa. Participants included 339 female adolescents in South Africa who experienced the loss of a loved one at least six months prior to the survey; their primary caregivers were also surveyed. One-fifth of adolescents were classified as having complicated grief using the Inventory of Complicated Grief Revised for Children in conjunction with grief-induced functional impairment. The loss of a biological parent, the primary caregiver's level of grief, and economic stressors since the loss were associated with increased odds of complicated grief among adolescents...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162109/road-traffic-noise-and-children-s-inattention
#17
Kjell Vegard Weyde, Norun Hjertager Krog, Bente Oftedal, Per Magnus, Simon Øverland, Stephen Stansfeld, Mark J Nieuwenhuijsen, Martine Vrijheid, Montserrat de Castro Pascual, Gunn Marit Aasvang
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of children are exposed to road traffic noise levels that may lead to adverse effects on health and daily functioning. Childhood is a period of intense growth and brain maturation, and children may therefore be especially vulnerable to road traffic noise. The objective of the present study was to examine whether road traffic noise was associated with reported inattention symptoms in children, and whether this association was mediated by sleep duration...
November 21, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132045/bullying-and-social-anxiety-in-chinese-children-moderating-roles-of-trait-resilience-and-psychological-suzhi
#18
Lili Wu, Dajun Zhang, Gang Cheng, Tianqiang Hu
Research examining the relationship between bullying victimization and social anxiety has mainly been conducted in Western countries, and little is known about the mechanisms underlying this relationship. This study explores the correlation between bullying victimization and social anxiety in a Chinese context and determines the moderating roles of psychological suzhi (a mental quality characterized by being steady, essential and implicit that affects adaptive, developmental, and creative behavior) and trait resilience among victims of bullying...
November 10, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129429/serum-concentrations-of-organochlorine-compounds-and-predictors-of%C3%A2-exposure-in-children-living-in-agricultural-communities-from-south-eastern-spain
#19
B González-Alzaga, M Lacasaña, A F Hernández, J P Arrebola, I López-Flores, F Artacho-Cordón, J P Bonde, N Olea, C Aguilar-Garduño
BACKGROUND: Information on exposure levels to organochlorine compounds (OCs) in child population is limited, despite their greater vulnerability to the adverse health effects of these chemicals. OBJECTIVE: To determine serum concentrations of 10 OCs (including organochlorine pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyls -PCBs-) in children living in agricultural communities from Almería (South-Eastern Spain), and to identify the main predictors of exposure related to socio-economic characteristics, diet and lifestyle...
November 9, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105808/early-childhood-adversities-and-risk-of-eating-disorders-in-women-a-danish-register-based-cohort-study
#20
Janne Tidselbak Larsen, Trine Munk-Olsen, Cynthia M Bulik, Laura M Thornton, Susanne Vinkel Koch, Preben Bo Mortensen, Liselotte Petersen
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies evaluating the association between early childhood adversities and eating disorders have yielded conflicting results. The aim of this study is to examine the association between a range of adversities and risk of anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), and eating disorder not otherwise specified (EDNOS) in 495,244 women. METHOD: In this nationwide, register-based cohort study, nine types of early childhood adversity (family disruption, residential instability, placement in out-of-home care, familial death, parental somatic illness, parental psychiatric illness, parental disability, severe parental criminality, and parental substance use disorder) were defined and exposure during the first 6 years of life was determined...
December 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
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