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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751159/adverse-effects-and-immune-dysfunction-in-response-to-oral-administration-of-weathered-iranian-heavy-crude-oil-in-the-rockfish-sebastes-schlegeli
#1
Eun-Hee Lee, Moonkoo Kim, Young-Sun Moon, Un Hyuk Yim, Sung Yong Ha, Chang-Bum Jeong, Jae-Seong Lee, Jee-Hyun Jung
To demonstrate the effects of weathered crude oil residue on the immune systems of resident fish, we measured the changes in toxic chemical concentrations, apoptosis, phagocytosis, metabolism, immune-related gene expression, and cell cycle arrest in livers or kidneys for up to 96 h after the weathered Iranian heavy crude oil (WIHCO) exposure by oral gavage in juvenile rockfish Sebastes schlegeli. Parent polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in livers increased up to 5590 ng/g after 6 h exposure and then declined rapidly within 24 h...
April 24, 2018: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734712/sedentary-behaviour-in-swiss-children-and-adolescents-disentangling-associations-with-the-perceived-and-objectively-measured-environment
#2
Bettina Bringolf-Isler, Kees de Hoogh, Christian Schindler, Bengt Kayser, L Suzanne Suggs, Alain Dössegger, Nicole Probst-Hensch
Identifying correlates of sedentary behaviour across all levels of the ecological model and understanding their interrelations is a promising method to plan effective interventions. The present study examined whether the objectively assessed and the perceived neighbourhood are associated with children’s sedentary behaviour time (SBT). A comprehensive set of factors at different levels of influence across the ecological model were taken into account and analysed for mediating and modifying effects...
May 4, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701730/prevalence-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-among-children-aged-8-years-autism-and-developmental-disabilities-monitoring-network-11-sites-united-states-2014
#3
Jon Baio, Lisa Wiggins, Deborah L Christensen, Matthew J Maenner, Julie Daniels, Zachary Warren, Margaret Kurzius-Spencer, Walter Zahorodny, Cordelia Robinson Rosenberg, Tiffany White, Maureen S Durkin, Pamela Imm, Loizos Nikolaou, Marshalyn Yeargin-Allsopp, Li-Ching Lee, Rebecca Harrington, Maya Lopez, Robert T Fitzgerald, Amy Hewitt, Sydney Pettygrove, John N Constantino, Alison Vehorn, Josephine Shenouda, Jennifer Hall-Lande, Kim Van Naarden Braun, Nicole F Dowling
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD). PERIOD COVERED: 2014. DESCRIPTION OF SYSTEM: The Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring (ADDM) Network is an active surveillance system that provides estimates of the prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) among children aged 8 years whose parents or guardians reside within 11 ADDM sites in the United States (Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, Georgia, Maryland, Minnesota, Missouri, New Jersey, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Wisconsin)...
April 27, 2018: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701446/prenatal-organophosphate-pesticide-exposure-and-traits-related-to-autism-spectrum-disorders-in-a-population-living-in-proximity-to-agriculture
#4
Sharon K Sagiv, Maria H Harris, Robert B Gunier, Katherine R Kogut, Kim G Harley, Julianna Deardorff, Asa Bradman, Nina Holland, Brenda Eskenazi
BACKGROUND: Prenatal exposure to organophosphate (OP) pesticides has been linked with poorer neurodevelopment and behaviors related to autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in previous studies, including in the Center for Health Assessment of Mothers and Children of Salinas (CHAMACOS) study, a birth cohort living in the agricultural Salinas Valley in California. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association of prenatal exposure to OP pesticides with traits related to ASD, in childhood and adolescents in CHAMACOS...
April 25, 2018: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700867/characteristics-and-service-needs-of-women-and-babies-admitted-to-residential-parenting-units-in-new-south-wales-a-mixed-methods-study
#5
Holly Priddis, Charlene Thornton, Cathrine Fowler, Virginia Schmied, Jane Tooher, Marie Dickinson, Hannah Grace Dahlen
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study aims to examine the characteristics and service needs of women and babies admitted to Residential Parenting Services (RPS) in the first year following birth in New South Wales (NSW), Australia. BACKGROUND: In Australia there is a tiered system to support maternal, child and family health, which includes residential parenting services (RPS). DESIGN: Sequential explanatory mixed methods design. METHODS: Individual patient data were obtained from a random review of 10% of all medical records (n = 300 of 3011 admissions) of women with an infant of less than 12 months of age who were admitted to RPS in 2013...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685156/a-comparative-study-of-unintentional-injuries-among-schooling-left-behind-migrant-and-residential-children-in-china
#6
Hongwei Hu, Jiamin Gao, Haochen Jiang, Pingnan Xing
BACKGROUND: Children who suffer from parental migration have been manifested to exhibit physical and mental impairments at higher rates. This current study aims to explore unintentional injury disparity among schooling left-behind children, migrant children and residential children in China, and to examine the risk factors of unintentional injury among the three types of children based on a multi-level system framework. This study will fill the gaps of this topic for China and contribute to the world literature in the context of countries with frequent population migration...
April 23, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669466/-everything-changes-listening-to-homicidally-bereaved-individuals-practice-and-intervention-needs
#7
Filipa Alves-Costa, Catherine Hamilton-Giachritsis, Sarah Halligan
This study sought to understand how individuals bereaved through homicide (murder or manslaughter) describe their postevent experiences to inform clinical needs and promote mechanisms for change. A total of 21 participants (18 females) between the ages of 29 and 66 ( M age = 47.81 years, SD = 8.99) took part in this study. They were all participating in a residential program for homicidally bereaved individuals and were all residents in the United Kingdom. The sample comprised of 12 parents, five siblings, one partner, one daughter, one friend, and one grandmother of the deceased...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668737/evicted-children-and-subsequent-placement-in-out-of-home-care-a-cohort-study
#8
Lisa Berg, Lars Brännström
BACKGROUND: Evictions may have serious consequences for individuals' health and wellbeing. Even though an eviction may be experienced as a significant crisis for the family, there is little previous knowledge on consequences for evicted children. This study represents the first attempt to examine to what extent children from evicted households were separated from their parents and placed in out-of-home care (foster family or residential care) using population-based data, net of observed confounding factors related to the socioeconomic and psychosocial circumstances of their parents...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587187/characteristics-and-healthcare-situation-of-adult-patients-with-tuberous-sclerosis-complex-in-german-epilepsy-centers
#9
Hajo M Hamer, Margarete Pfäfflin, Hartmut Baier, Frank Bösebeck, Melanie Franz, Martin Holtkamp, Gerhard Kurlemann, Theodor W May, Thomas Mayer, Mirjam Metzner, Bernhard J Steinhoff, Stefan Stodieck, Hans-Beatus Straub, Yvonne G Weber, Christian Brandt
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study was to collect systematic data on the care of adult patients with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) in German epilepsy centers, to describe the characteristics of patients in this age group, and to clarify whether and how the recommended interdisciplinary care is implemented. METHODS: This retrospective survey involved 12 major epilepsy centers in Germany. Aggregated data were collected based on an electronic questionnaire that addressed the sociodemographic data, characteristics of the epilepsy syndromes, and general healthcare setting of adult patients with TSC...
March 24, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576732/hiv-related-sexual-decisions-made-by-african-american-adolescents-living-in-different-family-structures-study-from-an-ecodevelopmental-perspective
#10
Ya-Huei Li, Paula Cuccaro, Hua Chen, Susan Abughosh, Paras D Mehta, Ekere J Essien
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the association between the dynamics of family structure and sexual behaviors of African-American adolescents using the ecodevelopmental theory. Methods: This study stratified data from 1,617 African-American adolescents of the Add Health Wave I respondents with an identified family composition. It examined the associations between family structure, parenting function, and adolescents' sexual decision-making: age of first sexual intercourse, sexual initiation before age 16, and using a condom during the first and last sexual intercourse...
2018: HIV/AIDS: Research and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558715/beyond-residential-mobility-a-broader-conceptualization-of-instability-and-its-impact-on-victimization-risk-among-children
#11
Melissa T Merrick, Megan Henly, Heather A Turner, Corinne David-Ferdon, Sherry Hamby, Akadia Kacha-Ochana, Thomas R Simon, David Finkelhor
Predictability in a child's environment is a critical quality of safe, stable, nurturing relationships and environments, which promote wellbeing and protect against maltreatment. Research has focused on residential mobility's effect on this predictability. This study augments such research by analyzing the impact of an instability index-including the lifetime destabilization factors (LDFs) of natural disasters, homelessness, child home removal, multiple moves, parental incarceration, unemployment, deployment, and multiple marriages--on childhood victimizations...
March 17, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548004/life-interrupted-parents-positivity-and-negativity-toward-children-following-children-s-and-parents-transitions-later-in-life
#12
Anna M Hammersmith
Purpose: Parents' and children's lives are interwoven over the life course. Parents' positivity and negativity toward children relate to children's and parents' transitions, although the nature of this relationship is unclear. This study investigated the extent to which transitions-like those tied to residence, unions, employment, parenthood, and health-related to parents' positivity and negativity. Method: This study used the Health and Retirement Study's Psychosocial Survey from 2006 and 2010 to examine how parents' and children's transitions related to parents' positivity and negativity toward children...
March 14, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506518/educational-status-and-beliefs-regarding-non-communicable-diseases-among-children-in-ghana
#13
Delali M Badasu, Aaron A Abuosi, Francis A Adzei, John K Anarfi, Alfred E Yawson, Deborah A Atobrah
BACKGROUND: Increasing prevalence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) has been observed in Ghana as in other developing countries. Past research focused on NCDs among adults. Recent researches, however, provide evidence on NCDs among children in many countries, including Ghana. Beliefs about the cause of NCDs among children may be determined by the socioeconomic status of parents and care givers. This paper examines the relationship between educational status of parents and/or care givers of children with NCDs on admission and their beliefs regarding NCDs among children...
March 5, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471666/rural-ndash-urban-differences-in-exposure-to-adverse-childhood-experiences-among-south-carolina-adults
#14
Elizabeth Radcliff, Elizabeth Crouch, Melissa Strompolis
INTRODUCTION: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are traumatic events that occur in a child's life between birth and 18 years. Exposure to one or more ACE has been linked to participation in risky health behaviors and the experience of chronic health conditions in adulthood. The risk for poor outcomes increases as the number of ACEs experienced increases. This research investigates rural-urban differences in exposure to ACEs using a sample from a representative southern US state, South Carolina...
February 2018: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462654/neighbourhoods-and-obesity-a-prospective-study-of-characteristics-of-the-built-environment-and-their-association-with-adiposity-outcomes-in-children-in-montreal-canada
#15
A E Ghenadenik, L Kakinami, A Van Hulst, M Henderson, T A Barnett
This paper examined prospective associations between built environment features assessed at baseline using direct audits and adiposity outcomes two years later in Montreal, Canada. Data stem from the Quebec Adipose and Lifestyle Investigation in Youth study of 630 children aged 8-10 years with a parental history of obesity. Baseline measurements took place between 2005 and 2008. Follow-up took place between 2008 and 2011. Built environment features were assessed at baseline in up to 10 contiguous street segments around participants' residential addresses using on-site audits...
June 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461072/nurturing-the-hope-of-youth-in-care-the-contribution-of-mentoring
#16
Yafit Sulimani-Aidan, Eran Melkman, Chan M Hellman
Hope has long been viewed as important to individuals attempting to overcome obstacles. Overall hope is the combination of one's appraisal of capability and determination to achieve goals (Agency) and identifying viable routes to reach them (Pathway) (Snyder, 1994). The main goal of this study was to examine the incremental contribution of mentoring to hope among youth on the verge of leaving care above and beyond related personal characteristics and placement history. The sample included 148 adolescents in residential care in Israel who had adult mentors (ages 16-19)...
February 19, 2018: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460321/factors-associated-with-delayed-infant-immunization-in-a-nationally-representative-cohort-study
#17
J Homel, B Edwards
BACKGROUND: Many children in developed countries do not receive recommended vaccines on time. However, knowledge about factors related to timeliness remains limited. Quantifying the relative impact of parental attitudes compared with socio-demographic factors for delayed immunization would inform policy responses. METHODS: Participants in the nationally representative Longitudinal Study of Australian Children were matched with their vaccination histories in the Australian Childhood Immunisation Register (N = 4,121)...
February 20, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433328/adult-children-living-with-aging-parents-the-association-between-income-and-parental-affect
#18
Andrew Gerber, Allison R Heid, Rachel Pruchno
This study examined the moderating effect of parental income on the association between parent-child coresidence and parental affect. Secondary analysis was conducted with data from the ORANJ BOWL panel, a representative sample of adults in New Jersey, aged 50 to 74 years ( N = 5,688). Results indicated that income had a significant moderating effect on the association between the adult child's residential status and parents' positive and negative affect. Among parents with coresident adult children, an observed decline in positive affect and rise in negative affect were amplified as parental income level increased, suggesting differential strains on parental well-being across income levels...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429411/gastro-oesophageal-reflux-a-mixed-methods-study-of-infants-admitted-to-hospital-in-the-first-12-months-following-birth-in-nsw-2000-2011
#19
Hannah Grace Dahlen, Jann P Foster, Kim Psaila, Kaye Spence, Nadia Badawi, Cathrine Fowler, Virginia Schmied, Charlene Thornton
BACKGROUND: Gastro-oesophageal reflux (GOR) is common in infants. When the condition causes pathological symptoms and/or complications it is considered gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD). It appears to be increasingly diagnosed and causes great distress in the first year of infancy. In New South Wales (NSW), residential parenting services support families with early parenting difficulties. These services report a large number of babies admitted with a label of GOR/GORD. The aim of this study was to explore the maternal and infant characteristics, obstetric interventions, and reasons for clinical reporting of GOR/GORD in NSW in the first 12 months following birth (2000-2011)...
February 12, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425126/moderating-effect-of-residential-history-on-the-effects-of-a-fatherhood-program-on-parenting-skills-satisfaction-among-nonresident-african-american-fathers
#20
Yiqing Qian, E Hill De Loney, Cleopatra Howard Caldwell
Nonresident African American (AA) fathers sometimes face challenges to achieving satisfaction with their parenting skills, which may inhibit their motivations for parenting. Studies have found that residential history of fathers is associated with parental involvement; however, current fatherhood programs rarely consider the influence of different residential history on fathering. In the current study, we examined whether nonresident AA fathers' residential history with their sons moderated their parenting skills satisfaction after participating in the Fathers and Sons Program...
February 9, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
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