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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547345/where-are-adults-active-an-examination-of-physical-activity-locations-using-gps-in-five-us-cities
#1
Katelyn M Holliday, Annie Green Howard, Michael Emch, Daniel A Rodríguez, Wayne D Rosamond, Kelly R Evenson
Increasing physical activity (PA) at the population level requires appropriately targeting intervention development. Identifying the locations in which participants with various sociodemographic, body weight, and geographic characteristics tend to engage in varying intensities of PA as well as locations these populations underutilize for PA may facilitate this process. A visual location-coding protocol was developed and implemented in Google Fusion Tables and Maps using data from participants (N = 223, age 18-85) in five states...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512111/an-initial-evaluation-of-the-impact-of-pok%C3%A3-mon-go-on-physical-activity
#2
Ying Xian, Hanzhang Xu, Haolin Xu, Li Liang, Adrian F Hernandez, Tracy Y Wang, Eric D Peterson
BACKGROUND: Pokémon GO is a location-based augmented reality game. Using GPS and the camera on a smartphone, the game requires players to travel in real world to capture animated creatures, called Pokémon. We examined the impact of Pokémon GO on physical activity (PA). METHODS AND RESULTS: A pre-post observational study of 167 Pokémon GO players who were self-enrolled through recruitment flyers or online social media was performed. Participants were instructed to provide screenshots of their step counts recorded by the iPhone Health app between June 15 and July 31, 2016, which was 3 weeks before and 3 weeks after the Pokémon GO release date...
May 16, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511083/how-do-type-and-size-of-natural-environments-relate-to-physical-activity-behavior
#3
F M Jansen, D F Ettema, C B M Kamphuis, F H Pierik, M J Dijst
Natural environments (NE) are promoted as places that support physical activity (PA), but evidence on PA distribution across various types and sizes of NE is lacking. Accelerometers and GPS-devices measured PA of Dutch general population adults aged 45-65 years (N=279). Five NE types were distinguished: 'parks', 'recreational area', 'agricultural green', 'forest & moorland', and 'blue space', and four categories of size: 0-3, 3-7, 7-27, and ≥27 ha. Modality (i.e. spatially concentrated PA, walking, jogging, and cycling) and intensity (i...
May 13, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495219/increases-in-use-and-activity-due-to-urban-renewal-effect-of-a-natural-experiment
#4
Henriette Bondo Andersen, Lars Breum Christiansen, Charlotte Demant Klinker, Annette Kjær Ersbøll, Jens Troelsen, Jacqueline Kerr, Jasper Schipperijn
INTRODUCTION: Urban green space and other recreational facilities are associated with physical activity. For adolescents living in multistory housing, public outdoor spaces that support physical activity may play an important role in activity promotion strategies. However, stronger evidence for a relation between the built environment and adolescent physical activity is scarce. DESIGN: A natural experiment with a pre-experimental design was used with data collected in 2010 and 2012 before and after an urban renewal...
May 8, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486622/motivational-interviewing-by-general-practitioners-for-type-2-diabetes-patients-a-systematic-review
#5
Isaraporn Thepwongsa, Radhakrishnan Muthukumar, Pattapong Kessomboon
Background.: Motivational interviewing (MI) is an effective tool to help clinicians with facilitating behavioural changes in many diseases and conditions. However, different forms of MI are required in different health care settings and for different clinicians. Although general practitioners (GPs) play a major role in Type 2 diabetes management, the effects of MI delivered by GPs intended to change the behaviours of their Type 2 diabetes patients and GP outcomes, defined as GP knowledge, satisfaction and practice behaviours, have not been systematically reviewed...
May 9, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446180/physical-activity-when-riding-an-electric-assisted-bicycle
#6
Sveinung Berntsen, Lena Malnes, Aleksander Langåker, Elling Bere
BACKGROUND: The objectives of the present study were to compare time spent cycling, exercise intensity, and time spent in moderate- (MPA) and vigorous intensity physical activity (VPA) when cycling on an E-bike and a conventional bicycle on two "cycling-to-work" routes with differences in topography, defined as a hilly and a flat route. METHODS: Eight adults (23-54 years, two women) cycled outdoors on a conventional bicycle and an E-bike, on a flat (8.2 km) and a hilly (7...
April 26, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391129/are-buffers-around-home-representative-of-physical-activity-spaces-among-adults
#7
Katelyn M Holliday, Annie Green Howard, Michael Emch, Daniel A Rodríguez, Kelly R Evenson
Residential buffers are frequently used to assess built environment characteristics relevant to physical activity (PA), yet little is known about how well they represent the spatial areas in which individuals undertake PA. We used System for Observing Play and Recreation in Communities data for 217 adults from five US states who wore an accelerometer and a GPS for three weeks to create newly defined PA-specific activity spaces. These PA spaces were based on PA occurring in bouts of ≥10min and were defined as 1) the single minimum convex polygon (MCP) containing all of a participant's PA bout minutes and 2) the combination of many MCPs constructed using each PA bout independently...
May 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377134/rule-modification-in-junior-sport-does-it-create-differences-in-player-movement
#8
Paul B Gastin, Matthew D Allan, Kylie Bellesini, Michael Spittle
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of rule modification on player movement during matchplay in junior Australian football (AF). DESIGN: Quasi-experimental study design. METHODS: Time-motion analysis was used to record variables pertaining to player movement including total distance covered, high-speed running (HSR) distance (>14.4km/h) and HSR efforts. GPS data obtained from 145 players (7-12 years) were analysed across four junior AF leagues and three age group combinations (U8/U9, U9/U10 and U11/U12)...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341616/cloudy-with-a-chance-of-pain-engagement-and-subsequent-attrition-of-daily-data-entry-in-a-smartphone-pilot-study-tracking-weather-disease-severity-and-physical-activity-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#9
Samuel Reade, Karen Spencer, Jamie C Sergeant, Matthew Sperrin, David M Schultz, John Ainsworth, Rashmi Lakshminarayana, Bruce Hellman, Ben James, John McBeth, Caroline Sanders, William G Dixon
BACKGROUND: The increasing ownership of smartphones provides major opportunities for epidemiological research through self-reported and passively collected data. OBJECTIVE: This pilot study aimed to codesign a smartphone app to assess associations between weather and joint pain in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and to study the success of daily self-reported data entry over a 60-day period and the enablers of and barriers to data collection. METHODS: A patient and public involvement group (n=5) and 2 focus groups of patients with RA (n=9) supported the codesign of the app collecting self-reported symptoms...
March 24, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340553/promoting-independence-health-and-well-being-for-older-people-a-feasibility-study-of-computer-aided-health-and-social-risk-appraisal-system-in-primary-care
#10
Kate Walters, Kalpa Kharicha, Claire Goodman, Melanie Handley, Jill Manthorpe, Mima Cattan, Steve Morris, Caroline S Clarke, Jeff Round, Steve Iliffe
BACKGROUND: With population ageing, research is needed into new low-cost, scalable methods of effective promotion of health and wellbeing for older people. We aimed to assess feasibility, reach and costs of implementing a new tailored computer-aided health and social risk appraisal system in primary care. METHODS: Design: Feasibility study. SETTING: Five General Practices in London (Ealing) and Hertfordshire, United Kingdom (UK) Participants: Random sample of patients aged 65 + years...
March 24, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334801/a-systematic-review-of-the-physical-activity-assessment-tools-used-in-primary-care
#11
Toby O Smith, Máire C McKenna, Charlotte Salter, Wendy Hardeman, Kathryn Richardson, Melvyn Hillsdon, Carly A Hughes, Nicholas Steel, Andy P Jones
Background.: Primary care is an ideal setting for physical activity interventions to prevent and manage common long-term conditions. To identify those who can benefit from such interventions and to deliver tailored support, primary care professionals (e.g. GPs, practice nurses, physiotherapists, health care assistants) need reliable and valid tools to assess physical activity. However, there is uncertainty about the best-performing tool. Objective.: To identify the tools used in the literature to assess the physical activity in primary care and describe their psychometric properties...
February 21, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325218/the-characteristics-experiences-and-perceptions-of-homeopaths-in-new-zealand-results-from-a-national-survey-of-practitioners
#12
Phillip Cottingham, Jon Adams, Ram Vempati, Jill Dunn, David Sibbritt
BACKGROUND: The popularity of homeopathy is seemingly at odds with the scientific controversy over its effectiveness. Several studies have reported on effectiveness of clinical homeopathy, but few studies have been conducted on practices and perceptions of homeopaths, and none in New Zealand (NZ). To address this gap, this paper reports findings from the first national survey examining the characteristics, perceptions and experiences of NZ-based homeopaths regarding a wide range of issues relating to their role and practice...
February 2017: Homeopathy: the Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253072/gender-differences-in-the-domain-specific-contributions-to-mvpa-accessed-by-gps
#13
Andreia Nogueira Pizarro, Jasper Schipperijn, José Carlos Ribeiro, António Figueiredo, Jorge Mota, Maria Paula Santos
BACKGROUND: Identifying where children spend their activity-time may help define relevant domains for effective PA promotion and better understand the relation between PA and environment. Our study aimed to identify how boys and girls allocate their active time in the different domains. METHODS: 374 children (201 girls; X=11.7y) wore an accelerometer and a GPS for 7 days. PALMS software combined data, categorized non-sedentary time and bouts of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA)...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196848/gps-based-exposure-to-greenness-and-walkability-and-accelerometry-based-physical-activity
#14
EDITORIAL
Peter James, Jaime E Hart, J Aaron Hipp, Jonathan A Mitchell, Jacqueline Kerr, Philip M Hurvitz, Karen Glanz, Francine Laden
Background: Physical inactivity is a risk factor for cancer that may be influenced by environmental factors. Indeed, dense and well-connected built environments and environments with natural vegetation may create opportunities for higher routine physical activity. However, studies have focused primarily on residential environments to define exposure and self-reported methods to estimate physical activity. This study explores the momentary association between minute-level global positioning systems (GPS)-based greenness exposure and time-matched objectively measured physical activity...
April 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155786/-general-practitioners-and-physical-activity-counselling-from-evidence-to-practice-contingencies
#15
Géraldine Bloy, Laetitia Moussard Philippon, Laurent Rigal
<ce:para>Introduction: One half of the French population has an insufficient level of physical activity. General Practitioners are consi-dered to be well-placed to promote physical activity. This article analyses how they address this issue.</ce:para> <ce:para>Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted on preventive care with 99 GPs from the Parisian area. Their approach to physical activity counselling was discussed in greater detail with 20 GPs. The analysis identified the diverse rationales and approaches of GPs in a grounded theory perspective...
June 8, 2016: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062380/kinesiophobia-and-physical-therapy-related-pain-in-musculoskeletal-pain-a-national-multicenter-cohort-study-on-patients-and-their-general-physicians
#16
Serge Perrot, Anne-Priscille Trouvin, Virginie Rondeau, Isabelle Chartier, Rosine Arnaud, Jean-Yves Milon, Denis Pouchain
INTRODUCTION: Physical therapy (PT) represents a major approach in musculoskeletal (MSK) pain. This study aimed to assess kinesiophobia, its impact and management, in patients with MSK pain treated by PT. METHODS: A national multicentre, prospective study was conducted in France in patients with MSK pain referred to PT. Kinesiophobia was scored with the Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia (TSK). Pain, satisfaction, analgesic intake and acceptability were assessed at the initial visit, at the 5th PT session, and at the end of PT...
January 3, 2017: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039429/limited-potential-of-genetic-predisposition-scores-to-predict-muscle-mass-and-strength-performance-in-flemish-caucasians-between-19-73-years-of-age
#17
Ruben Charlier, Maarten Caspers, Sara Knaeps, Evelien Mertens, Diether Lambrechts, Johan Lefevre, Martine Thomis
Since both muscle mass and strength performance are polygenic in nature, the current study compared four Genetic Predisposition Scores (GPS) in their ability to predict these phenotypes. Data were gathered within the framework of the first generation Flemish Policy Research Centre 'Sport, Physical Activity and Health' (2002-2004). Results are based on muscle characteristics data of 565 Flemish Caucasians (19-73 yr, 365 men). Skeletal muscle mass (SMM) was determined using bioelectrical impedance. The Biodex dynamometer was used to measure isometric (PTstatic120°) and isokinetic strength (PTdynamic60° and PTdynamic240°), ballistic movement speed (S20%) and muscular endurance (Work) of the knee extensors...
December 30, 2016: Physiological Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024861/use-of-global-positioning-system-for-physical-activity-research-in-youth-espa%C3%A3-os-adolescentes-brazil
#18
Claudia Oliveira Alberico, Jasper Schipperijn, Rodrigo S Reis
The built environment is an important factor associated with physical activity and sedentary behavior (SB) during adolescence. This study presents the methods for objective assessment of context-specific moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and SB, as well as describes results from the first project using such methodology in adolescents from a developing country. An initial sample of 381 adolescents was recruited from 32 census tracts in Curitiba, Brazil (2013); 80 had their homes geocoded and wore accelerometer and GPS devices for seven days...
December 23, 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009791/deriving-a-gps-monitoring-time-recommendation-for-physical-activity-studies-of-adults
#19
Katelyn M Holliday, Annie Green Howard, Michael Emch, Daniel A Rodríguez, Wayne D Rosamond, Kelly R Evenson
INTRODUCTION: Determining locations of physical activity (PA) is important for surveillance and intervention development, yet recommendations for using location recording tools like global positioning system (GPS) units are lacking. Specifically, no recommendation exists for the number of days study participants should wear a GPS to reliably estimate PA time spent in locations. METHODS: This study used data from participants (N = 224, age = 18-85 yr) in five states who concurrently wore an ActiGraph GT1M accelerometer and a Qstarz BT-Q1000X GPS for three consecutive weeks to construct monitoring day recommendations through variance partitioning methods...
May 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919245/one-day-workshop-based-training-improves-physical-activity-prescription-knowledge-in-latin-american-physicians-a-pre-test-post-test-study
#20
Maria C Arciniegas Calle, Felipe Lobelo, Mario A Jiménez, Diana C Páez, Sebastian Cortés, Andrés de Lima, John Duperly
BACKGROUND: The physical inactivity pandemic and related non-communicable diseases have made it imperative for medical doctors (MDs) to effectively provide lifestyle counseling as part of prevention and treatment plans for patients. A one-day certification workshop was designed to improve MDs PA prescription knowledge, as part of the Exercise is Medicine® (EIM®) global health initiative. The objective was to determine knowledge gain of MDs participating in a standardized, one-day PA prescription workshop performed throughout Latin America (LA)...
December 5, 2016: BMC Public Health
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