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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096650/does-home-neighbourhood-supportiveness-influence-the-location-more-than-volume-of-adolescent-s-physical-activity-an-observational-study-using-global-positioning-systems
#1
Emma Coombes, Andy Jones, Ashley Cooper, Angie Page
BACKGROUND: Environmental characteristics of home neighbourhoods are hypothesised to be associated with residents' physical activity levels, yet many studies report only weak or equivocal associations. We theorise that this may be because neighbourhood characteristics influence the location of activity more than the volume. Using a sample of UK adolescents, we examine the role of home neighbourhood supportiveness for physical activity, both in terms of volume of activity undertaken and a measure of proximity to home at which activity takes place...
November 2, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061144/an-evaluation-of-transport-mode-shift-policies-on-transport-related-physical-activity-through-simulations-based-on-random-forests
#2
Ruben Brondeel, Yan Kestens, Basile Chaix
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity is widely recognized as one of the leading causes of mortality, and transport accounts for a large part of people's daily physical activity. This study develops a simulation approach to evaluate the impact of the Ile-de-France Urban Mobility Plan (2010-2020) on physical activity, under the hypothesis that the intended transport mode shifts are realized. METHODS: Based on the Global Transport Survey (2010, n = 21,332) and on the RECORD GPS Study (2012-2013, n = 229) from the French capital region of Paris (Ile-de-France), a simulation method was designed and tested...
October 23, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024825/a-grounded-visualization-approach-to-explore-sociospatial-and-temporal-complexities-of-older-adults-mobility
#3
Thea Franke, Meghan Winters, Heather McKay, Habib Chaudhury, Joanie Sims-Gould
In the past decade, there has been an increasing interest in older adults' mobility. Most often, mobility is measured quantitatively as physical movement (e.g. physical activity) or travel behavior (e.g. trips, modes, and distances). There is a need to integrate both quantitative and qualitative data over time to visualize both context and content in a spatial and temporal dimension and discover patterns and explanations for their underlying processes. We aim to address this gap by demonstrating how a grounded visualization approach can be used to explore sociospatial and temporal complexities of older adults' mobility...
November 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016392/increased-walking-s-additive-and-no-substitution-effect-on-total-physical-activity
#4
Bumjoon Kang, Anne V Moudon, Philip M Hurvitz, Brian E Saelens
PURPOSE: We assessed the associations between a change in time spent walking and a change in total physical activity (PA) time within an urban living adult sample, to test for additive or substitution effects. METHODS: Participants living in the greater Seattle area were assessed in 2008-2009 and again 1-2 years later (2010-2011). At each time point, they wore accelerometers and GPS units and recorded trips and locations in a travel diary for 7 consecutive days...
October 9, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967183/a-systematic-review-of-methods-to-measure-family-co-participation-in-physical-activity
#5
REVIEW
L Uijtdewilligen, H E Brown, F Müller-Riemenschneider, Y W Lim, S Brage, E M van Sluijs
The family environment is key in influencing children's health behaviours. Encouraging family co-participation in physical activity may therefore be an effective approach to increasing children's physical activity levels. Yet, little is known about how to best assess family co-participation in physical activity. This review summarizes methods to measure family co-participation in physical activity, which was defined as joint physical activities including at least one healthy child (0-18 years) and one other family member...
October 2, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944516/innovation-or-violation-leveraging-mobile-technology-to-conduct-socially-responsible-community-research
#6
Amanda L Roy
Mobile technology is increasingly being used to measure individuals' moods, thoughts, and behaviors in real time. Current examples include the use of smartphones to collect ecological momentary assessments (EMAs; assessments delivered "in the moment"); wearable technology to passively collect objective measures of participants' movement, physical activity, sleep, and physiological response; and smartphones and wearable devices with global positioning system (GPS) capabilities to collect precise information about where participants spend their time...
September 25, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818819/quantifying-human-movement-using-the-movn-smartphone-app-validation-and-field-study
#7
Ralph Maddison, Luke Gemming, Javier Monedero, Linda Bolger, Sarahjane Belton, Johann Issartel, Samantha Marsh, Artur Direito, Madeleine Solenhill, Jinfeng Zhao, Daniel John Exeter, Harshvardhan Vathsangam, Jonathan Charles Rawstorn
BACKGROUND: The use of embedded smartphone sensors offers opportunities to measure physical activity (PA) and human movement. Big data-which includes billions of digital traces-offers scientists a new lens to examine PA in fine-grained detail and allows us to track people's geocoded movement patterns to determine their interaction with the environment. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the validity of the Movn smartphone app (Moving Analytics) for collecting PA and human movement data...
August 17, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808077/gps-knowledge-use-and-confidence-in-national-physical-activity-and-health-guidelines-and-tools-a-questionnaire-based-survey-of-general-practice-in-england
#8
Robin Chatterjee, Tim Chapman, Mike Gt Brannan, Justin Varney
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) brief advice in health care is effective at getting individuals active. It has been suggested that one in four people would be more active if advised by a GP or nurse, but as many as 72% of GPs do not discuss the benefits of physical activity with patients. AIM: To assess the knowledge, use, and confidence in national PA and Chief Medical Officer (CMO) health guidelines and tools among GPs in England. DESIGN AND SETTING: Online questionnaire-based survey of selfselecting GPs in England that took place over a 10-day period in March 2016...
August 14, 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720079/implementation-effectiveness-trial-of-an-ecological-intervention-for-physical-activity-in-ethnically-diverse-low-income-senior-centers
#9
Porchia Rich, Gregory A Aarons, Michelle Takemoto, Veronica Cardenas, Katie Crist, Khalisa Bolling, Brittany Lewars, Cynthia Castro Sweet, Loki Natarajan, Yuyan Shi, Kelsie M Full, Eileen Johnson, Dori E Rosenberg, Melicia Whitt-Glover, Bess Marcus, Jacqueline Kerr
BACKGROUND: As the US population ages, there is an increasing need for evidence based, peer-led physical activity programs, particularly in ethnically diverse, low income senior centers where access is limited. METHODS/DESIGN: The Peer Empowerment Program 4 Physical Activity' (PEP4PA) is a hybrid Type II implementation-effectiveness trial that is a peer-led physical activity (PA) intervention based on the ecological model of behavior change. The initial phase is a cluster randomized control trial randomized to either a peer-led PA intervention or usual center programming...
July 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699434/physical-activity-for-pregnant-women
#10
Petra Kendall-Raynor
Essential facts The UK's chief medical officers (CMOs) have published new advice on physical exercise for pregnant women in the form of an infographic. It is aimed at providing midwives, nurses, GPs, obstetricians and gynaecologists, as well as leisure sector professionals, with the latest evidence on physical activity during pregnancy.
July 12, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682695/a-multicomponent-schoolyard-intervention-targeting-children-s-recess-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-effects-after-1-year
#11
Dave H H Van Kann, Sanne I de Vries, Jasper Schipperijn, Nanne K de Vries, Maria W J Jansen, Stef P J Kremers
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to test the 12-month effects of a multicomponent physical activity (PA) intervention at schoolyards on morning recess PA levels of sixth- and seventh-grade children in primary schools, using accelerometry and additional global positioning system data. METHODS: A quasi-experimental study design was used with 20 paired intervention and control schools. Global positioning system confirmatory analyses were applied to validate attendance at schoolyards during recess...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682656/indoor-and-outdoor-context-specific-contributions-to-early-adolescent-mvpa-as-measured-by-combined-diary-accelerometer-and-gps
#12
Matthew Pearce, David H Saunders, Peter Allison, Anthony P Turner
BACKGROUND: The distribution of adolescent moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) across multiple contexts is unclear. This study examined indoor and outdoor leisure time in terms of being structured or unstructured and explored relationships with total daily MVPA. METHODS: Between September 2012 and January 2014, 70 participants (aged 11-13 y) from 4 schools in Edinburgh wore an accelerometer and global positioning system receiver over 7 days, reporting structured physical activity using a diary...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668251/bicycle-trains-cycling-and-physical-activity-a-pilot-cluster-rct
#13
Jason A Mendoza, Wren Haaland, Maya Jacobs, Mark Abbey-Lambertz, Josh Miller, Deb Salls, Winifred Todd, Rachel Madding, Katherine Ellis, Jacqueline Kerr
INTRODUCTION: Increasing children's cycling to school and physical activity are national health goals. The objective was to conduct an RCT of a bicycle train program to assess impact on students' school travel mode and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). STUDY DESIGN: Pilot cluster RCT with randomization at the school level and N=54 participants. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Fourth-fifth graders from four public schools serving low-income families in Seattle, WA in 2014 with analyses in 2015-2016...
October 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587518/an-investigation-into-uk-medical-students-knowledge-of-lifestyle-factors-on-cancer
#14
S Luckman, C Xiao, E McLennan, A S Anderson, N Mutrie, S J Moug
Background and aim Lifestyle factor modification (alcohol, smoking, obesity, diet, physical activity) has the potential to reduce cancer incidence and cancer survival. This study assessed the knowledge of lifestyle factors and cancer in undergraduate medical students. Methods and results A total of 218 students (7 UK universities) completed an online survey of nine questions in three areas: knowledge (lifestyle factors and cancer); information sources; clinical practice (witnessed clinical counselling). Diet, alcohol, smoking and physical activity were recognised as lifestyle factors by 98% of responders, while only 69% reported weight...
August 2017: Scottish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547345/where-are-adults-active-an-examination-of-physical-activity-locations-using-gps-in-five-us-cities
#15
Katelyn M Holliday, Annie Green Howard, Michael Emch, Daniel A Rodríguez, Wayne D Rosamond, Kelly R Evenson
Increasing physical activity (PA) at the population level requires appropriately targeting intervention development. Identifying the locations in which participants with various sociodemographic, body weight, and geographic characteristics tend to engage in varying intensities of PA as well as locations these populations underutilize for PA may facilitate this process. A visual location-coding protocol was developed and implemented in Google Fusion Tables and Maps using data from participants (N = 223, age 18-85) in five states...
August 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512111/an-initial-evaluation-of-the-impact-of-pok%C3%A3-mon-go-on-physical-activity
#16
Ying Xian, Hanzhang Xu, Haolin Xu, Li Liang, Adrian F Hernandez, Tracy Y Wang, Eric D Peterson
BACKGROUND: Pokémon GO is a location-based augmented reality game. Using GPS and the camera on a smartphone, the game requires players to travel in real world to capture animated creatures, called Pokémon. We examined the impact of Pokémon GO on physical activity (PA). METHODS AND RESULTS: A pre-post observational study of 167 Pokémon GO players who were self-enrolled through recruitment flyers or online social media was performed. Participants were instructed to provide screenshots of their step counts recorded by the iPhone Health app between June 15 and July 31, 2016, which was 3 weeks before and 3 weeks after the Pokémon GO release date...
May 16, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511083/how-do-type-and-size-of-natural-environments-relate-to-physical-activity-behavior
#17
F M Jansen, D F Ettema, C B M Kamphuis, F H Pierik, M J Dijst
Natural environments (NE) are promoted as places that support physical activity (PA), but evidence on PA distribution across various types and sizes of NE is lacking. Accelerometers and GPS-devices measured PA of Dutch general population adults aged 45-65 years (N=279). Five NE types were distinguished: 'parks', 'recreational area', 'agricultural green', 'forest & moorland', and 'blue space', and four categories of size: 0-3, 3-7, 7-27, and ≥27 ha. Modality (i.e. spatially concentrated PA, walking, jogging, and cycling) and intensity (i...
May 13, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495219/increases-in-use-and-activity-due-to-urban-renewal-effect-of-a-natural-experiment
#18
Henriette Bondo Andersen, Lars Breum Christiansen, Charlotte Demant Klinker, Annette Kjær Ersbøll, Jens Troelsen, Jacqueline Kerr, Jasper Schipperijn
INTRODUCTION: Urban green space and other recreational facilities are associated with physical activity. For adolescents living in multistory housing, public outdoor spaces that support physical activity may play an important role in activity promotion strategies. However, stronger evidence for a relation between the built environment and adolescent physical activity is scarce. DESIGN: A natural experiment with a pre-experimental design was used with data collected in 2010 and 2012 before and after an urban renewal...
May 8, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486622/motivational-interviewing-by-general-practitioners-for-type-2-diabetes-patients-a-systematic-review
#19
Isaraporn Thepwongsa, Radhakrishnan Muthukumar, Pattapong Kessomboon
Background: Motivational interviewing (MI) is an effective tool to help clinicians with facilitating behavioural changes in many diseases and conditions. However, different forms of MI are required in different health care settings and for different clinicians. Although general practitioners (GPs) play a major role in Type 2 diabetes management, the effects of MI delivered by GPs intended to change the behaviours of their Type 2 diabetes patients and GP outcomes, defined as GP knowledge, satisfaction and practice behaviours, have not been systematically reviewed...
August 1, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446180/physical-activity-when-riding-an-electric-assisted-bicycle
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Sveinung Berntsen, Lena Malnes, Aleksander Langåker, Elling Bere
BACKGROUND: The objectives of the present study were to compare time spent cycling, exercise intensity, and time spent in moderate- (MPA) and vigorous intensity physical activity (VPA) when cycling on an E-bike and a conventional bicycle on two "cycling-to-work" routes with differences in topography, defined as a hilly and a flat route. METHODS: Eight adults (23-54 years, two women) cycled outdoors on a conventional bicycle and an E-bike, on a flat (8.2 km) and a hilly (7...
April 26, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
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