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Gps "physical activity"

Lisa G Rosas, Deborah Salvo, Sandra J Winter, David Cortes, Juan Rivera, Nicole M Rodriguez, Abby C King
Middle- and low-income countries bear 80 % of the global chronic disease burden. Population-level, multi-sectoral approaches to promoting healthful lifestyles that take into local physical, socioeconomic, and sociocultural characteristics of both the environment and the population are needed. The "Nuestra Voz (Our Voice)" is one such approach that involves neighborhood residents acting as "citizen scientists" to systematically gather information on the barriers and facilitators of physical activity in their neighborhoods and then use their data to collectively advocate for local environmental- and policy-level changes to support active living...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
Margaret Cupples, Neil Heron
This paper will review the current role of general practitioners (GPs) in providing cardiovascular prevention for patients after attendance at a cardiac rehabilitation program. Long-term implementation of preventive strategies is needed for continued impact on reducing risk of cardiovascular events and GPs have a major role in providing ongoing continuing medical care. Awareness of patients' social, cultural and physical circumstances allows the GP to identify individuals' needs for support in engaging in secondary prevention: relevant brief interventions can promote behaviour change in physical activity, diet and smoking habits, as well as promoting mental health and adherence to optimal medical therapy...
October 14, 2016: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, Archivio Monaldi Per le Malattie del Torace
Timo Hinrichs, Bettina Bücker, Renate Klaaßen-Mielke, Michael Brach, Stefan Wilm, Petra Platen, Anna Mai
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects a home-based exercise program delivered to ill and mobility-limited elderly individuals on physical function, physical activity, quality of life, fall-related self-efficacy, and exercise self-efficacy. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial (ISRCTN Registry, Reg.-No. ISRCTN17727272). SETTING: Fifteen general practitioner (GP) practices and participants' homes. PARTICIPANTS: Chronically ill and mobility-limited individuals aged 70 and older (N = 209)...
September 27, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Barbara B Brown, Carol M Werner, Ken R Smith, Calvin P Tribby, Harvey J Miller, Wyatt A Jensen, Doug Tharp
Understanding who takes advantage of new transit (public transportation) interventions is important for personal and environmental health. We examine transit ridership for residents living near a new light rail construction as part of "complete street," pedestrian-friendly improvements. Adult residents (n=536) completed surveys and wore accelerometer and GPS units that tracked ridership before and after new transit service started. Transit riders were more physically active. Those from environments rated as more walkable were likely to be continuing transit riders...
June 2016: Journal of Environmental Psychology
Muhammad Yakoob Ahmedani, Bella Z Hashmi, Muhammad Saif Ulhaque
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Fasting during Ramadan is obligatory for all Muslims across the world. Through literature review, it has been found out that there are various articles published for the awareness of patients and general population regarding safe fasting during Ramadan. But very few studies highlight the Ramadan specific knowledge of general practitioners engaged in providing care to people with diabetes. This study aims to describe the practice, knowledge and attitude of general practitioners regarding treatment and dietary modifications for people with diabetes during Ramadan across Pakistan...
July 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
C Holmberg, R Muckelbauer, G Sarganas, V Braun, C Heintze, L Dini, J Müller-Nordhorn
Aim of the study: According to the German social insurance code §20 Sec. 1, statutory health insurance companies can reimburse up to 80% of costs incurred by primary prevention programs in physical activity, nutrition, stress management and drug consumption. Whether and how many general practitioners (GPs) provide their patients with information on such programs as part of their own practice is unknown. In this study, we investigate to which primary prevention programs primary care physicians refer their patients and whether they take into account reimbursability of programs...
September 16, 2016: Das Gesundheitswesen
Geoffrey P Whitfield, Emily N Ussery, Brian Riordan, Arthur M Wendel
Creating environments that support all types of physical activity, including active transportation, is a public health priority (1). Public health surveillance that identifies the locations where community members walk and bicycle (i.e., engage in active transportation) can inform such efforts. Traditional population-representative active transportation surveillance incurs a considerable time lag between data collection and dissemination, and often lacks geographic specificity (2). Conversely, user-generated active transportation data from Global Positioning System (GPS)-based activity tracking devices and mobile applications can provide near real-time information, but might be subject to self-selection bias among users...
2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Samantha Hajna, Yan Kestens, Stella S Daskalopoulou, Lawrence Joseph, Benoit Thierry, Mark Sherman, Luc Trudeau, Rémi Rabasa-Lhoret, Leslie Meissner, Simon L Bacon, Lise Gauvin, Nancy A Ross, Kaberi Dasgupta
BACKGROUND: Converging international evidence suggests that diabetes incidence is lower among adults living in more walkable neighbourhoods. The association between walkability and physical activity (PA), the presumed mediator of this relationship, has not been carefully examined in adults with type 2 diabetes. We investigated the associations of walkability with total PA occurring within home neighbourhoods and overall PA, irrespective of location. METHODS: Participants (n = 97; 59...
2016: BMC Public Health
Logan M Lawrence, Michelle R Stone, Daniel G Rainham, Melanie R Keats
PURPOSE: Physical activity (PA) is an effective intervention for improving the quality of life of colorectal cancer survivors (CRC) and may reduce the risk of cancer recurrence and cancer specific and all-cause mortality. However, most CRC survivors are not sufficiently active to receive these benefits. Sedentary behavior (SB) has also been linked to morbidity and mortality risk independent of activity level, thereby presenting an additional opportunity to improve health outcomes of CRC survivors...
June 30, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Kosuke Tamura, Jeffrey S Wilson, Robin C Puett, William A Harper, David B Klenosky, Philip J Troped
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Dustin T Duncan, Julie Méline, Yan Kestens, Kristen Day, Brian Elbel, Leonardo Trasande, Basile Chaix
BACKGROUND: Few studies have used GPS data to analyze the relationship between Walk Score, transportation choice and walking. Additionally, the influence of Walk Score is understudied using trips rather than individuals as statistical units. The purpose of this study is to examine associations at the trip level between Walk Score, transportation mode choice, and walking among Paris adults who were tracked with GPS receivers and accelerometers in the RECORD GPS Study. METHODS: In the RECORD GPS Study, 227 participants were tracked during seven days with GPS receivers and accelerometers...
2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Deborah Cohen, Bing Han, Kathryn P Derose, Stephanie Williamson, Aaron Paley, Christina Batteate
Physical activity is beneficial for health, but there are limited opportunities in urban areas to safely access public streets for traffic-free cycling, skating or walking. Ciclovías are open streets programs that close major roads to motor vehicles so they can be exclusively used by bicyclists and pedestrians. We estimated participation in one Los Angeles Ciclovía event (CicLAvia) using intercept surveys and 14 surveillance cameras which were placed along the 6-mile route in April 2014. We also applied estimates of the distance and speed traveled from the use of GPS data acquired from subsequent CicLAvia events...
September 2016: Preventive Medicine
James E Peterman, Kalee L Morris, Rodger Kram, William C Byrnes
INTRODUCTION: Pedelecs are bicycles that provide electric assistance only when a rider is pedaling and have become increasingly popular. PURPOSE: Our purpose was to quantify usage patterns over 4 weeks of real-world commuting with a pedelec and to determine if pedelec use would improve cardiometabolic risk factors. METHODS: Twenty sedentary commuters visited the laboratory for baseline physiological measurements [body composition, maximum oxygen consumption ([Formula: see text]), mean arterial blood pressure (MAP), blood lipid profile, and 2-h oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT)]...
August 2016: European Journal of Applied Physiology
Ryan T Crews, Sai V Yalla, Navdeep Dhatt, Drew Burdi, Sungsoon Hwang
OBJECTIVE: Physical activity variability is a risk factor for diabetic foot ulcers (DFU). Geographic context may influence variability. This study developed initial methods for monitoring location-specific physical activity in this population. Secondarily, preliminary comparisons in location-specific physical activity were made between patients at risk versus patients with active DFU. METHODS: Five at-risk and 5 actively ulcerated patients were monitored continuously for 72 hours with physical activity and GPS monitors...
May 30, 2016: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
Kristin Meseck, Marta M Jankowska, Jasper Schipperijn, Loki Natarajan, Suneeta Godbole, Jordan Carlson, Michelle Takemoto, Katie Crist, Jacqueline Kerr
The main purpose of the present study was to assess the impact of global positioning system (GPS) signal lapse on physical activity analyses, discover any existing associations between missing GPS data and environmental and demographics attributes, and to determine whether imputation is an accurate and viable method for correcting GPS data loss. Accelerometer and GPS data of 782 participants from 8 studies were pooled to represent a range of lifestyles and interactions with the built environment. Periods of GPS signal lapse were identified and extracted...
2016: Geospatial Health
Jonathan S Ward, J Scott Duncan, Aaron Jarden, Tom Stewart
INTRODUCTION: The current study utilised objective techniques to investigate the relationship between children's time spent in greenspace (open land covered in grass or other vegetation) with various physical and psychological variables. Potential relationships between physical activity and greenspace with body composition, emotional wellbeing, sensation seeking tendencies, ability to appraise risk, and cognitive development are investigated. METHODS: 108 participants aged 11-14 years from three intermediate schools in Auckland, New Zealand, were assessed...
July 2016: Health & Place
Harvey J Miller, Calvin P Tribby, Barbara B Brown, Ken R Smith, Carol M Werner, Jean Wolf, Laura Wilson, Marcelo G Simas Oliveira
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 28, 2016: Health & Place
Shona N Dutton, Adrian Bauman, Sarah M Dennis, Nicholas Zwar, Mark F Harris
Traditionally, GPs have been responsible for physical activity (PA) assessment within the general practice setting. Multiple questionnaires are available to support uptake of PA assessment but less than 30% of patients are assessed. A range of barriers hamper uptake. Evidence indicates that practice nurses (PNs) and patients are resourceful members of the general practice team but have been underutilised. This study assessed the validity and reliability of two instruments for assessing PA, administered by PNs and patients...
April 27, 2016: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Liang-Dar Hwang, Philip M Hurvitz, Glen E Duncan
Walking is the most popular choice of aerobic physical activity to improve health among U.S. adults. Physical characteristics of the home neighborhood can facilitate or hinder walking. The purpose of this study was to quantify neighborhood walking, using objective methods and to examine the association between counts of walking bouts in the home neighborhood and neighborhood walkability. This was a cross-sectional study of 106 adults who wore accelerometers and GPS devices for two weeks. Walking was quantified within 1, 2, and 3 km Euclidean (straight-line) and network buffers around the geocoded home location...
April 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Edmund Seto, Jenna Hua, Lemuel Wu, Victor Shia, Sue Eom, May Wang, Yan Li
INTRODUCTION: Smartphone applications (apps) facilitate the collection of data on multiple aspects of behavior that are useful for characterizing baseline patterns and for monitoring progress in interventions aimed at promoting healthier lifestyles. Individual-based models can be used to examine whether behavior, such as diet, corresponds to certain typological patterns. The objectives of this paper are to demonstrate individual-based modeling methods relevant to a person's eating behavior, and the value of such approach compared to typical regression models...
2016: PloS One
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