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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784021/the-difficult-conversation-a-qualitative-evaluation-of-the-eat-well-move-more-family-weight-management-service
#1
Rebecca E Johnson, Oyinlola Oyebode, Sadie Walker, Elizabeth Knowles, Wendy Robertson
OBJECTIVE: The Eat Well Move More (EWMM) family and child weight management service is a 12-week intervention integrating healthy eating and physical activity education and activities for families and children aged 4-16. EWMM service providers identified low uptake 12 months prior to the evaluation. The aims of this study were to describe referral practices and pathways into the service to identify potential reasons for low referral and uptake rates. RESULTS: We conducted interviews and focus groups with general practitioners (GPs) (n = 4), school nurses, and nursing assistants (n = 12)...
May 21, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712624/the-unanticipated-challenges-associated-with-implementing-an-observational-study-protocol-in-a-large-scale-physical-activity-and-global-positioning-system-data-collection
#2
Paul McCrorie, David Walker, Anne Ellaway
BACKGROUND: Large-scale primary data collections are complex, costly, and time-consuming. Study protocols for trial-based research are now commonplace, with a growing number of similar pieces of work being published on observational research. However, useful additions to the literature base are publications that describe the issues and challenges faced while conducting observational studies. These can provide researchers with insightful knowledge that can inform funding proposals or project development work...
April 30, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708015/park-use-and-physical-activity-among-adolescent-girls-at-two-time-points
#3
Kelly R Evenson, Gi-Hyoug Cho, Daniel A Rodríguez, Deborah A Cohen
This longitudinal study described park usage and assessed the contribution of parks to moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) among adolescent girls. High school girls from California (n = 131) and Minnesota (n = 134) wore a global positioning system (GPS) monitor and accelerometer for 6 consecutive days at two time points, one year apart. Park visits were classified by linking the GPS, accelerometer, and park and built environment data around home and school locations into a geographic information system...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696414/management-of-symptomatic-knee-osteoarthritis-in-obesity-a-survey-of-general-practitioners-opinions-and-practice
#4
Daniel Hill, Andrew Boyd, Tim Board
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this survey was to explore general practitioners' opinions and practices regarding the management of symptomatic knee osteoarthritis in obesity. METHODS: Questionnaires were sent electronically to members of the Royal College of General Practitioners specialty interest groups: GPs with an Interest in Nutrition Group and the Physical Activity and Life Style group. RESULTS: The response rate was 75% (142/190). The majority stated weight loss should be the first-line treatment...
April 25, 2018: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580165/accelerometer-and-gps-analysis-of-trail-use-and-associations-with-physical-activity
#5
Kosuke Tamura, Jeffrey S Wilson, Robin C Puett, David B Klenosky, William A Harper, Philip J Troped
BACKGROUND: Concurrent use of accelerometers and global positioning system (GPS) data can be used to quantify physical activity (PA) occurring on trails. This study examined associations of trail use with PA and sedentary behavior (SB) and quantified on trail PA using a combination of accelerometer and GPS data. METHODS: Adults (N = 142) wore accelerometer and GPS units for 1-4 days. Trail use was defined as a minimum of 2 consecutive minutes occurring on a trail, based on GPS data...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566665/development-of-a-measurement-approach-to-assess-time-children-participate-in-organized-sport-active-travel-outdoor-active-play-and-curriculum-based-physical-activity
#6
Michael M Borghese, Ian Janssen
BACKGROUND: Children participate in four main types of physical activity: organized sport, active travel, outdoor active play, and curriculum-based physical activity. The objective of this study was to develop a valid approach that can be used to concurrently measure time spent in each of these types of physical activity. METHODS: Two samples (sample 1: n = 50; sample 2: n = 83) of children aged 10-13 wore an accelerometer and a GPS watch continuously over 7 days...
March 22, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563889/mood-dimensions-show-distinct-within-subject-associations-with-non-exercise-activity-in-adolescents-an-ambulatory-assessment-study
#7
Elena D Koch, Heike Tost, Urs Braun, Gabriela Gan, Marco Giurgiu, Iris Reinhard, Alexander Zipf, Andreas Meyer-Lindenberg, Ulrich W Ebner-Priemer, Markus Reichert
Physical activity is known to preserve both physical and mental health. However, the physical activity levels of a large proportion of adolescents are insufficient. This is critical, since physical activity levels in youth have been shown to translate into adulthood. Whereas in adult populations, mood has been supposed to be one important psychological factor that drives physical activity in everyday life, this issue has been poorly studied in adolescent populations. Ambulatory Assessment is the state-of-the-art approach to investigate how mood and non-exercise activity fluctuate within persons in everyday life...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426309/neighborhood-based-pa-and-its-environmental-correlates-a-gis-and-gps-based-cross-sectional-study-in-the-netherlands
#8
Marijke Jansen, Carlijn B M Kamphuis, Frank H Pierik, Dick F Ettema, Martin J Dijst
BACKGROUND: To improve our understanding of the neighborhood environment - physical activity (PA) relationship, it is of importance to assess associations between neighborhood environmental characteristics and neighborhood-based PA. METHODS: Participants' (N = 308; 45-65 years) light PA (LPA) and moderate-vigorous PA (MVPA) within a 400, 800, and 1600 m buffer around adults' homes was measured using accelerometers and GPS-devices. Land use data in ArcGIS provided neighborhood characteristics for the same buffers...
February 9, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401193/the-physical-activity-and-physiological-profiles-of-elite-international-female-field-hockey-players-across-the-quarters-of-competitive-match-play
#9
Aideen McGuinness, Shane Malone, Brian Hughes, Kieran Collins
The aim of the current investigation was to quantify the physical and physiological demands of elite international female field hockey across the quarters of match-play. Twenty-seven elite International female field hockey outfield players (23 ± 3 years; 162.6 ± 13.0 cm; 66.0 ± 6.0 kg) participated in the current observational study during the 2016-2017 season. Participants were monitored with GPS technology and HR monitors. Players were categorised based on three different playing positions. Activity was categorized into total distance (m), relative total distance (RTD), low, moderate and high intensity distance (m), max velocity (km⋅h), and percentage maximal velocity (%)...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357871/factors-related-with-public-open-space-use-among-adolescents-a-study-using-gps-and-accelerometers
#10
Linde Van Hecke, Hannah Verhoeven, Peter Clarys, Delfien Van Dyck, Nico Van de Weghe, Tim Baert, Benedicte Deforche, Jelle Van Cauwenberg
BACKGROUND: Low physical activity levels and high levels of sedentary time among adolescents call for population wide interventions. Public open spaces can be important locations for adolescents' physical activity. This study aimed to describe the prevalence, frequency and context of public open space visitation and to gain insight into the individual, social and physical environmental factors associated with public open space use among 12- to 16-year-old Flemish (Belgian) adolescents...
January 22, 2018: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338743/the-prospective-and-concurrent-effect-of-exercise-on-health-related-quality-of-life-in-older-adults-over-a-3-year-period
#11
Helen-Maria Vasiliadis, Mathieu F Bélanger
BACKGROUND: It is not clear whether socioeconomic status influences health outcomes among older adults through its effect on physical activity. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of sex and neighborhood socio-economic status on the change in health related quality of life (HR-QOL) as a function of physical activity over a three-year period. METHODS: This cohort study included French-speaking community-dwelling older adults recruited in primary care practices in the province of Quebec and participating in the 'Étude sur la Santé des Ainés' (ESA)-Services study on the health of the elderly...
January 16, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284256/perception-of-preventive-care-and-readiness-for-lifestyle-change-in-rural-and-urban-patients-in-poland-a-questionnaire-study
#12
Maciek Godycki-Cwirko, Lech Panasiuk, Carlos Brotons, Mateja Bulc, Izabela Zakowska
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: The idiosyncrasies of rural health demand further research to instigate rural health initiatives and to monitor progress in rural health care. In 2008, a study examined health-related behaviour, perception of importance of preventive interventions, readiness to change lifestyle and willingness to receive support from GPs, according to gender and place of residence. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among patients who visited any of ten randomly-selected general practices in Poland...
December 23, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184889/the-conceptualization-of-a-just-in-time-adaptive-intervention-jitai-for-the-reduction-of-sedentary-behavior-in-older-adults
#13
REVIEW
Andre Matthias Müller, Ann Blandford, Lucy Yardley
Low physical activity and high sedentary behavior in older adults can be addressed with interventions that are delivered through modern technology. Just-In-Time Adaptive Interventions (JITAIs) are an emerging technology-driven behavior-change intervention type and capitalize on data that is collected via mobile sensing technology (e.g., smartphones) to trigger appropriate support in real-life. In this paper we integrated behavior change and aging theory and research as well as knowledge around older adult's technology use to conceptualize a JITAI targeting the reduction of sedentary behavior in older adults...
2017: MHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174666/combining-ecological-momentary-assessment-with-objective-ambulatory-measures-of-behavior-and-physiology-in-substance-use-research
#14
Jeremiah W Bertz, David H Epstein, Kenzie L Preston
Whereas substance-use researchers have long combined self-report with objective measures of behavior and physiology inside the laboratory, developments in mobile/wearable electronic technology are increasingly allowing for the collection of both subjective and objective information in participants' daily lives. For self-report, ecological momentary assessment (EMA), as implemented on contemporary smartphones or personal digital assistants, can provide researchers with near-real-time information on participants' behavior and mood in their natural environments...
November 16, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169394/physical-activity-and-activity-space-in-patients-with-pulmonary-fibrosis-not-prescribed-supplemental-oxygen
#15
Elisabeth Dowling Root, Bridget Graney, Susan Baird, Tara Churney, Kailtin Fier, Majorie Korn, Mark McCormic, David Sprunger, Tomas Vierzba, Frederick S Wamboldt, Jeffery J Swigris
BACKGROUND: Patients with pulmonary fibrosis (PF) have impaired quality of life, and research suggests that dyspnea and physical activity are primary drivers. As PF progresses, some patients notice the disease "shrinks their worlds". The objective of this study is to describe movement (both physical activity and activity space) in a cohort of patients with PF of various etiologies who have not been prescribed supplemental oxygen (O2 ). METHODS: Subjects with PF not on supplemental O2 during the day were enrolled from across the U...
November 23, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096650/does-home-neighbourhood-supportiveness-influence-the-location-more-than-volume-of-adolescent-s-physical-activity-an-observational-study-using-global-positioning-systems
#16
Emma Coombes, Andy Jones, Ashley Cooper, Angie Page
BACKGROUND: Environmental characteristics of home neighbourhoods are hypothesised to be associated with residents' physical activity levels, yet many studies report only weak or equivocal associations. We theorise that this may be because neighbourhood characteristics influence the location of activity more than the volume. Using a sample of UK adolescents, we examine the role of home neighbourhood supportiveness for physical activity, both in terms of volume of activity undertaken and a measure of proximity to home at which activity takes place...
November 2, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061144/an-evaluation-of-transport-mode-shift-policies-on-transport-related-physical-activity-through-simulations-based-on-random-forests
#17
Ruben Brondeel, Yan Kestens, Basile Chaix
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity is widely recognized as one of the leading causes of mortality, and transport accounts for a large part of people's daily physical activity. This study develops a simulation approach to evaluate the impact of the Ile-de-France Urban Mobility Plan (2010-2020) on physical activity, under the hypothesis that the intended transport mode shifts are realized. METHODS: Based on the Global Transport Survey (2010, n = 21,332) and on the RECORD GPS Study (2012-2013, n = 229) from the French capital region of Paris (Ile-de-France), a simulation method was designed and tested...
October 23, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024825/a-grounded-visualization-approach-to-explore-sociospatial-and-temporal-complexities-of-older-adults-mobility
#18
Thea Franke, Meghan Winters, Heather McKay, Habib Chaudhury, Joanie Sims-Gould
In the past decade, there has been an increasing interest in older adults' mobility. Most often, mobility is measured quantitatively as physical movement (e.g. physical activity) or travel behavior (e.g. trips, modes, and distances). There is a need to integrate both quantitative and qualitative data over time to visualize both context and content in a spatial and temporal dimension and discover patterns and explanations for their underlying processes. We aim to address this gap by demonstrating how a grounded visualization approach can be used to explore sociospatial and temporal complexities of older adults' mobility...
November 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016392/increased-walking-s-additive-and-no-substitution-effect-on-total-physical-activity
#19
Bumjoon Kang, Anne V Moudon, Philip M Hurvitz, Brian E Saelens
PURPOSE: We assessed the associations between a change in time spent walking and a change in total physical activity (PA) time within an urban living adult sample to test for additive or substitution effects. METHODS: Participants living in the greater Seattle area were assessed in 2008-2009 and again 1-2 yr later (2010-2011). At each time point, they wore accelerometers and GPS units and recorded trips and locations in a travel diary for seven consecutive days...
March 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967183/a-systematic-review-of-methods-to-measure-family-co-participation-in-physical-activity
#20
REVIEW
L Uijtdewilligen, H E Brown, F Müller-Riemenschneider, Y W Lim, S Brage, E M van Sluijs
The family environment is key in influencing children's health behaviours. Encouraging family co-participation in physical activity may therefore be an effective approach to increasing children's physical activity levels. Yet, little is known about how to best assess family co-participation in physical activity. This review summarizes methods to measure family co-participation in physical activity, which was defined as joint physical activities including at least one healthy child (0-18 years) and one other family member...
December 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
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