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B S Wang, H W Zhao, L X Qiao, J Q Shan, Q S Hou, D X Chen, H L Guo
Objective: To investigate the effect of Δ40p53, an alternative spliced isoform of p53 lacking the N-ter minus, on the pro-apoptotic function of p53. Methods: The wild-type p53 was ectopically expressed in HCT116-p53(-/-) (endogenous Δ40p53 expression), HCT116-p53(+ /+) (wild-type p53) and H1299 (p53-null) cells by adenoviral delivery, while Δ40p53 plasmid were transfected into these cells to overexpress Δ40p53. The levels of Δ40p53 and p53 mRNA were detected by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and quantitative PCR...
May 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
Maria Karambataki, Andigoni Malousi, Georgios Tzimagiorgis, Constantinos Haitoglou, Aikaterini Fragou, Elisavet Georgiou, Foteini Papadopoulou, Gerasimos E Krassas, Sofia Kouidou
Coding synonymous single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have attracted little attention until recently. However, such SNPs located in epigenetic, CpG sites modifying exonic splicing enhancers (ESEs) can be informative with regards to the recently verified association of intragenic methylation and splicing. The present study describes the association of type 2 diabetes (T2D) with the exonic, synonymous, epigenetic SNPs, rs3749166 in calpain 10 (CAPN10) glucose transporter (GLUT4) translocator and rs5404 in solute carrier family 2, member 2 (SLC2A2), also termed GLUT2, which, according to prior bioinformatic analysis, strongly modify the splicing potential of glucose transport-associated genes...
February 2017: Biomedical Reports
Thomas Maier, Beat Müller, Lucas Schmid, Thomas Steiner, Jon Peter Wehrlin
Although a low rolling resistance is advantageous in mountain bike cross-country racing, no studies have used the virtual elevation method to compare tyres from different manufacturers as used in international competitions so far. The aims of this study were to assess the reliability of this method, to compare the off-road rolling resistance between tyres and to calculate the influence on off-road speed. Nine 29-in. mountain bike cross-country tyres were tested on a course representing typical ground surface conditions 5 or 6 times...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
Anna Maria Gori, Betti Giusti, Benedetta Piccardi, Patrizia Nencini, Vanessa Palumbo, Mascia Nesi, Antonia Nucera, Giovanni Pracucci, Paolina Tonelli, Eleonora Innocenti, Alice Sereni, Elena Sticchi, Danilo Toni, Paolo Bovi, Mario Guidotti, Maria Rosaria Tola, Domenico Consoli, Giuseppe Micieli, Rossana Tassi, Giovanni Orlandi, Maria Sessa, Francesco Perini, Maria Luisa Delodovici, Maria Luisa Zedde, Francesca Massaro, Rosanna Abbate, Domenico Inzitari
Inflammatory mediators and metalloproteinases are altered in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) and play a detrimental effect on clinical severity and hemorrhagic transformation of the ischemic brain lesion. Using data from the Italian multicenter observational MAGIC (MArker bioloGici nell'Ictus Cerebrale) Study, we evaluated the effect of inflammatory and metalloproteinases profiles on three-month functional outcome, hemorrhagic transformation and mortality in 327 patients with AIS treated with intravenous thrombolys in according to SITS-MOST (Safe Implementation of Thrombolysis in Stroke-MOnitoring STudy) criteria...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
Hesham R Omar, Richard Charnigo, Maya Guglin
Congestion is the main contributor to heart failure (HF) morbidity and mortality. We assessed the combined role of congestion and decreased forward flow in predicting morbidity and mortality in acute systolic HF. The Evaluation Study of Congestive Heart Failure and Pulmonary Artery Catheterization Effectiveness trial data set was used to determine if the ratio of simultaneously measured systolic blood pressure (SBP)/right atrial pressure (RAP) on admission predicted HF rehospitalization and 6-month mortality...
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
Michael J Kemna, Rosina Plomp, Pieter van Paassen, Carolien A M Koeleman, Bas C Jansen, Jan G M C Damoiseaux, Jan Willem Cohen Tervaert, Manfred Wuhrer
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study is to investigate the Fc glycosylation profiles of both antigen-specific IgG targeted against proteinase 3 (PR3-ANCA) and total IgG as prognostic markers of relapse in patients with Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis (GPA). METHODS: Seventy-five patients with GPA and a PR3-ANCA rise during follow-up were included, of whom 43 patients relapsed within a median period of 8 (2-16) months. The N-glycan at Asn297 of affinity-purified and denatured total IgG and PR3-ANCA was determined by mass spectrometry of glycopeptides in samples obtained at the time of the PR3-ANCA rise and at the time of the relapse or time-matched during remission...
March 2017: EBioMedicine
Kaori Hayashi, Michiyo Takayama, Takayuki Abe, Takeshi Kanda, Hiroshi Hirose, Ryoko Shimizu-Hirota, Eisuke Shiomi, Yasushi Iwao, Hiroshi Itoh
AIM: Early intervention before the progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is essential to prevent end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and cardiovascular complications. This study evaluated the correlation between metabolic and lifestyle-related factors and the decline of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) over 1 year in a Japanese population without CKD. METHODS: Subjects who received two consecutive annual health checkups from 2013 to 2015 were involved...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
Mauro Cozzani, Giulia Ragazzini, Alessia Delucchi, Sabrina Mutinelli, Carlo Barreca, Daniel J Rinchuse, Roberto Servetto, Vincenzo Piras
BACKGROUND: Several studies have recently demonstrated that a post-treatment communication to explain the importance of an oral hygiene can improve the orthodontic patients' compliance over a period of 66 days. The main goal of this study is to evaluate the effects of a structured follow-up communication after orthodontic appliance application on oral hygiene compliance after 30-40 days. METHODS: Eighty-four orthodontic participants enrolled from patients who were beginning fixed orthodontic treatment at the Orthodontic Department, Gaslini Hospital, Genova, between July and October 2014 were randomly assigned to one of three trial arms...
December 2016: Progress in Orthodontics
Chian-Feng Chen, Shiow-Wen Liou, Hsin-Han Wu, Chin-Hui Lin, Li-Shan Huang, Lin-Chung Woung, Ching-Yao Tsai
OBJECTIVES: Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a common microvascular complication in both type I and type II diabetes. Several previous reports indicated the serum centration of some secretary factors were highly associated with DR. Therefore, we hypothesis regulatory SNPs (rSNPs) genotype in secretary factors may alter these gene expression and lead to DR. METHODS: At first, pyrosequencing were applying to screen the SNPs which present allele frequency different in DR and DNR...
2016: International Journal of Medical Sciences
Xiaodong Zheng, Masahiko Yamaguchi, Tomoyuki Kamao, Yuri Sakane, Tomoko Goto, Atsushi Shiraishi, Yuichi Ohashi
We previously reported 2 new methods, anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) and polymethylmethacrylate particles suspended in fluorescein solution (PPF), for the evaluation of tear clearance and rapid tear flow after blinking (tear Krehbiel flow). Here, we investigated age-related OCT tear clearance and tear film thickness (TFT) and the potential correlation of OCT tear clearance and PPF velocity indicative of tear Krehbiel flow. Normal subjects separated into young and older groups received 5 μL of saline solution into the lower conjunctival sac, and an image of the central lower eyelid tear meniscus was captured by AS-OCT immediately and 30 seconds after natural blinking...
November 2016: Cornea
Douglas F Dluzen, Aimee K Sutliff, Gang Chen, Christy J W Watson, Faoud T Ishmael, Philip Lazarus
The UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) 2B enzymes are important in the detoxification of a variety of endogenous and exogenous compounds, including many hormones, drugs, and carcinogens. Identifying novel mechanisms governing their expression is important in understanding patient-specific response to drugs and cancer risk factors. In silico prediction algorithm programs were used to screen for microRNAs (miRNAs) as potential regulators of UGT2B enzymes, with miR-216b-5p identified as a potential candidate. Luciferase data suggested the presence of a functional miR-216b-5p binding motif within the 3' untranslated regions of UGTs 2B7, 2B4, and 2B10...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Naohide Takeuchi, Shunsuke Hotokezaka, Takamitsu Okada, Hidehiko Yuge, Takao Mae, Yukihide Iwamoto
BACKGROUND: The purpose of our present study was to examine the recovery of the postoperative wrist function, and to compare the range of motion among each direction ofthe wrist joint during the same time periods after surgery for distal radius fractures. METHODS: Twenty patients treated with a volar locking plate were evaluated. The active range of motion and grip strength were assessed at four weeks, six weeks, three months, six months and one year after surgery...
June 2016: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
Georges Teto, Julius Y Fonsah, Claude T Tagny, Dora Mbanya, Emilienne Nchindap, Leopoldine Kenmogne, Joseph Fokam, Dora M Njamnshi, Charles Kouanfack, Alfred K Njamnshi, Georgette D Kanmogne
HIV-1 Tat plays a critical role in viral transactivation. Subtype-B Tat has potential use as a therapeutic vaccine. However, viral genetic diversity and population genetics would significantly impact the efficacy of such a vaccine. Over 70% of the 37-million HIV-infected individuals are in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) and harbor non-subtype-B HIV-1. Using specimens from 100 HIV-infected Cameroonians, we analyzed the sequences of HIV-1 Tat exon-1, its functional domains, post-translational modifications (PTMs), and human leukocyte antigens (HLA)-binding epitopes...
2016: Viruses
Shyh-Ren Chiang, Jiunn-Min Shieh, Chung-Hua Chen, Shu-Chen Hsing, Shih-Feng Wen, Jhi-Joung Wang, Kuo-Chen Cheng, Yin-Ching Chuang
BACKGROUND: The clinical impact of prior exposure to antibiotics on patients with tuberculosis (TB) is largely unknown. This study investigated the survival of patients with severe TB after exposure to a variety of antibiotics. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted in TB patients with prior exposure to fluoroquinolones (FQs) (FQ group), to third-generation cephalosporins (CEPH group), and to third-generation penicillins (PCN group). To understand the impact of monotherapy with antibiotics on survival, patients with prior exposure to only moxifloxacin, ceftriaxone, or piperacillin were investigated...
November 2016: Infectious Diseases
Manogna Rl Vangala, Amrutha Rudraraju, R V Subramanyam
INTRODUCTION: Hard tissues can be studied by either decalcification or by preparing ground sections. Various mounting media have been tried and used for ground sections of teeth. However, there are very few studies on the use of cyanoacrylate adhesive as a mounting medium. AIMS: The aim of our study was to evaluate the efficacy of cyanoacrylate adhesive (Fevikwik™) as a mounting medium for ground sections of teeth and to compare these ground sections with those mounted with Canada balsam...
January 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Nirakar Pradhan, Laura Dipasquale, Giuliana d'Ippolito, Angelo Fontana, Antonio Panico, Francesco Pirozzi, Piet N L Lens, Giovanni Esposito
The aim of the present study was to develop a kinetic model for a recently proposed unique and novel metabolic process called capnophilic (CO2-requiring) lactic fermentation (CLF) pathway in Thermotoga neapolitana. The model was based on Monod kinetics and the mathematical expressions were developed to enable the simulation of biomass growth, substrate consumption and product formation. The calibrated kinetic parameters such as maximum specific uptake rate (k), semi-saturation constant (kS), biomass yield coefficient (Y) and endogenous decay rate (kd) were 1...
August 1, 2016: Water Research
Kentaro Inoue, Toshihiro Onohara, Keita Mikasa, Tadashi Furuyama
PURPOSE: To evaluate the validity of a selective endovascular-first approach for Rutherford 5 critical limb ischemia (CLI). METHODS: We analyzed, retrospectively, 51 limbs in 46 patients treated for Rutherford 5 CLI with infrainguinal lesions between 2010 and 2012. Endovascular therapy (EVT) and open surgical revascularization (OSR) were performed initially in 28 and 23 limbs, respectively. The interventions were assigned according to the systemic condition and femoropopiliteal TransAtlantic Inter-Society Consensus (TASC) II classification...
November 2016: Surgery Today
Jinyi Ge, Guangqun Huang, Jing Huang, Jianfei Zeng, Lujia Han
Inefficient aerobic composting techniques significantly contribute to the atmospheric methane (CH4) levels. Macro-scale models assuming completely aerobic conditions cannot be used to analyze CH4 generation in strictly anaerobic environments. This study presents a particle-scale model for aerobic pig manure/wheat straw composting that incorporates CH4 generation and oxidation kinetics. Parameter estimation revealed that pig manure is characterized by high CH4 yield coefficient (0.6414 mol CH4 mol(-1) Cman) and maximum CH4 oxidation rate (0...
April 19, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
Raakhi K Tripathi, Somesh S Bolegave, Parvan A Shetty, Dinesh A Uchil, Nirmala N Rege, Mukesh B Chawda, Sameer A Rege
BACKGROUND: The medical management of hemorrhoids should include an integrated approach. This integrated approach can be achieved by polyherbal formulations containing anti-inflammatory, styptics, analgesics, and laxative effect which reduce inflammation, pain, and bleeding, and increase gastro-intestinal motility and soften stools. One such polyherbal kit is "Arshkeyt™, a 7 day kit," which consists of oral tablets and powder along with topical cream. OBJECTIVE: Efficacy and safety of Arshkeyt™, a 7 day kit, a marketed polyherbal formulation was evaluated in comparison with conventional therapy practiced in surgery outpatient departments...
October 2015: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
Gabriela Tonia Fahrni, Raphael Nicolas Vuille-Dit-Bille, Svenja Leu, Martin Meuli, Ralph Fabian Staerkle, Lukas Fink, Selim Dinçler, Brigitte Susanne Muff
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the outcomes of different treatment options for acute and chronic pilonidal disease in a single large cohort of patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four hundred and twenty-one consecutive patients (171 with chronic disease and 250 with acute abscess formation) who underwent surgery between 2003 and 2012 were included in the present study. Primary outcomes included symptomatic recurrence, time to wound healing, and time off from work...
January 2016: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
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