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Parental alienation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725992/social-profile-of-middle-school-aged-adolescents-who-use-electronic-cigarettes-implications-for-primary-prevention
#1
Alfgeir L Kristjansson, Michael J Mann, Megan L Smith, Inga Dora Sigfusdottir
Electronic cigarette (EC) use continues to increase among adolescents. From a primary prevention point of view, an important gap in our knowledge includes determining whether young smokers that use EC maintain a distinct social profile from kids who use combustible cigarettes (CC). Survey data from middle school students in West Virginia, USA were collected between September and November of 2015 (N = 6547, response rate 84.7%) as part of a state wide school-based mental health intervention program. Data was analyzed using multinomial logistic regression for categorical data...
July 18, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646327/an-adapted-measure-of-sibling-attachment-factor-structure-and-internal-consistency-of-the-sibling-attachment-inventory-in-youth
#2
Valerie A Noel, Sarah E Francis, Micah A Tilley
Parent-youth and peer relationship inventories based on attachment theory measure communication, trust, and alienation, yet sibling relationships have been overlooked. We developed the Sibling Attachment Inventory and evaluated its psychometric properties in a sample of 172 youth ages 10-14 years. We adapted the 25-item Sibling Attachment Inventory from the Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment-Revised peer measure. Items loaded onto three factors, identified as communication, trust, and alienation, α = 0...
June 23, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550383/-you-can-carry-the-torch-now-a-qualitative-analysis-of-parents-experiences-caring-for-a-child-with-trisomy-13-or-18
#3
Joshua D Arthur, Divya Gupta
Trisomy 13 and 18 (T 13/18) are rare chromosomal abnormalities associated with high morbidity and mortality. Improved survival rates and increased prevalence of aggressive medical intervention have resulted in families and physicians holding different perspectives regarding the appropriate management of children with T 13/18. Families were invited for open-ended interviews regarding their experiences with the medical care of a child with T 13/18 over the past 5 years. Seven of 33 invited families were surveyed; those who had spent more than 40 days in the hospital were most likely to accept the invitation (OR 8...
May 26, 2017: HEC Forum: An Interdisciplinary Journal on Hospitals' Ethical and Legal Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459054/application-of-genomic-in-situ-hybridization-in-horticultural-science
#4
REVIEW
Fahad Ramzan, Adnan Younis, Ki-Byung Lim
Molecular cytogenetic techniques, such as in situ hybridization methods, are admirable tools to analyze the genomic structure and function, chromosome constituents, recombination patterns, alien gene introgression, genome evolution, aneuploidy, and polyploidy and also genome constitution visualization and chromosome discrimination from different genomes in allopolyploids of various horticultural crops. Using GISH advancement as multicolor detection is a significant approach to analyze the small and numerous chromosomes in fruit species, for example, Diospyros hybrids...
2017: International Journal of Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449587/-the-dots-just-don-t-join-up-understanding-the-support-needs-of-families-of-children-on-the-autism-spectrum
#5
James Galpin, Penny Barratt, Edward Ashcroft, Scot Greathead, Lorcan Kenny, Elizabeth Pellicano
Much research has documented the elevated levels of stress experienced by families of autistic children. Yet remarkably little research has examined the types of support that these families perceive to be beneficial to their lives. This study, co-produced by researchers and school-based professionals, sought to establish these families' support needs from their own perspectives. In total, 139 parents of autistic children with additional intellectual disabilities and limited spoken communication, all attending an inner-city London school, participated in an initial survey examining parental wellbeing, self-efficacy and the extent to which they felt supported...
April 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391074/redrawing-the-line-an-exploration-of-how-lay-people-construct-child-neglect
#6
Sasha Emma Williams
While there has been an increasing professional and political focus on the prevalence and harmfulness of child neglect, little has been done to explore what child neglect means outside child protection circles. This qualitative study explores lay constructions of child neglect by thematically analyzing focus group discussions between 46 self-defined 'lay' people in England. Participants viewed neglect as extremely damaging for children and as arising when children's physical, emotional, training and supervisory needs were unmet due to abnormal parental behavior...
June 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177834/cytogenetic-study-and-stripe-rust-response-of-the-derivatives-from-a-wheat-thinopyrum-intermedium-psathyrostachys-huashanica-trigeneric-hybrid
#7
Hou-Yang Kang, Lin Tang, Dai-Yan Li, Cheng-Dou Diao, Wei Zhu, Yao Tang, Yi Wang, Xing Fan, Li-Li Xu, Jian Zeng, Li-Na Sha, Xiao-Fang Yu, Hai-Qin Zhang, Yong-Hong Zhou
To transfer multiple desirable alien genes into common wheat, we previously reported a new trigeneric hybrid synthesized by crossing a wheat - Thinopyrum intermedium partial amphiploid with wheat - Psathyrostachys huashanica amphiploid. Here, the meiotic behavior, chromosome constitution, and stripe rust resistance of F5 derivatives from the wheat - Th. intermedium - P. huashanica trigeneric hybrid were studied. Cytological analysis indicated the F5 progenies had chromosome numbers of 42-50 (average 44.96)...
December 10, 2016: Genome Génome / Conseil National de Recherches Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006677/the-alienation-of-affection-toward-parents-and-influential-factors-in-chinese-left-behind-children
#8
Q Dai, G Yang, C Hu, L Wang, K Liu, Y Guang, R Zhang, S Xu, B Liu, Y Yang, Z Feng
OBJECTIVE: Although alienation toward parents is important for children (for current mental health status or later interpersonal relationships in adulthood), it is undervalued and even lacks a standardized tool of assessment. Moreover, the large number of left-behind children in China is a cause of public concern. However, their experienced alienation toward their parents remains unclear, which may be important for early detection or intervention for behavioral problems in this population...
December 19, 2016: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886736/pushed-or-pulled-girls-and-boys-facing-early-school-leaving-risk-in-italy
#9
Camilla Borgna, Emanuela Struffolino
Compared to girls, boys are more at risk of early school leaving. However, it is unclear whether gender differences are driven by push factors, which alienate students from the school system, or pull factors, which attract them out of it. This paper examines gender differences in early school leaving, assessing the role of previous scholastic performance, parental education, and differential employment opportunities. By analyzing two nationally representative datasets, we focus on Italy, a country with high rates of early school leaving and pronounced gender inequalities in the labor market...
January 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849405/psychiatric-symptoms-parental-attachment-and-reasons-for-use-as-correlates-of-heavy-substance-use-among-treatment-seeking-hispanic-adolescents
#10
Karina A Gattamorta, Alberto Varela, Brian E McCabe, Maite P Mena, Daniel A Santisteban
In early adolescence, Hispanics self-report higher drug use rates compared to White and African American peers. Among adolescent users, heavy users have more negative behavioral and health consequences. The purpose of this cross-sectional study is to examine whether psychiatric symptoms, parental attachment, and reasons for use predict heavy alcohol and illicit drug use (more than 10 times in the past three months) among Hispanic adolescents. METHODS: This study examines baseline data from a study evaluating a family based substance abuse treatment program for Hispanic adolescents...
February 23, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826265/estimating-the-epidemiology-and-quantifying-the-damages-of-parental-separation-in-children-and-adolescents
#11
Dolores Seijo, Francisca Fariña, Tania Corras, Mercedes Novo, Ramon Arce
Parental separation is linked to multiple negative outcomes for children in all spheres of life. A field study was designed to estimate the epidemiology and to quantify the outcomes on the wellbeing of children from separated parents. Thus, data on socio-economic status, psychological adjustment, behavioral disorders, social relations, self-concept, and academic achievement were gathered from 346 children and adolescents, 173 separated parents, and 173 parents from intact families in the paediatric catchment area of Galicia (Spain)...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824906/chromosomal-localization-of-genes-conferring-desirable-agronomic-traits-from-wheat-agropyron-cristatum-disomic-addition-line-5113
#12
Qingfeng Li, Yuqing Lu, Cuili Pan, Miaomiao Yao, Jinpeng Zhang, Xinming Yang, Weihua Liu, Xiuquan Li, Yajun Xi, Lihui Li
Creation of wheat-alien disomic addition lines and localization of desirable genes on alien chromosomes are important for utilization of these genes in genetic improvement of common wheat. In this study, wheat-Agropyron cristatum derivative line 5113 was characterized by genomic in situ hybridization (GISH) and specific-locus amplified fragment sequencing (SLAF-seq), and was demonstrated to be a novel wheat-A. cristatum disomic 6P addition line. Compared with its parent Fukuhokomugi (Fukuho), 5113 displayed multiple elite agronomic traits, including higher uppermost internode/plant height ratio, larger flag leaf, longer spike length, elevated grain number per spike and spikelet number per spike, more kernel number in the middle spikelet, more fertile tiller number per plant, and enhanced resistance to powdery mildew and leaf rust...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637380/language-brokering-and-depressive-symptoms-in-mexican-american-adolescents-parent-child-alienation-and-resilience-as-moderators
#13
Su Yeong Kim, Yang Hou, Yolanda Gonzalez
This study aimed to untangle the mixed effects of language brokering by examining a contextual factor (i.e., parent-child alienation) and a personal attribute (i.e., resilience) that may relate to adolescents' feelings during translating (i.e., sense of burden and efficacy) and that may moderate the association between such feelings and adolescent depressive symptoms. Participants included 557 adolescent language brokers (Mage  = 12.96) in Mexican-American families. Results showed that adolescents with a strong sense of alienation from parents or low resilience (a) experienced more burden or less efficacy in translating and (b) were more susceptible to the detrimental effects of feeling a sense of burden and the beneficial effects of experiencing a sense of efficacy, as measured by depressive symptoms...
May 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27555598/secondary-victimization-domestic-violence-survivors-navigating-the-family-law-system
#14
Lesley Laing
This qualitative study explored the experiences of 22 domestic violence survivors attempting to negotiate safe post-separation parenting arrangements through the Australian family law system. Their allegations of violence put them at odds with a system that values mediated settlements and shared parenting. Skeptical responses, accusations of parental alienation, and pressure to agree to unsafe arrangements exacerbated the effects of post-separation violence. Core themes in the women's narratives of engagement with the family law system-silencing, control, and undermining the mother-child relationship-mirrored domestic violence dynamics, suggesting the concept of secondary victimization as a useful lens for understanding their experiences...
August 23, 2016: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27509139/factors-affecting-adaptation-to-the-role-of-motherhood-in-mothers-of-preterm-infants-admitted-to-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-a-qualitative-study
#15
Sousan Heydarpour, Zohreh Keshavarz, Maryam Bakhtiari
AIM: The aim of this study was to explore factors affecting adaptation to the role of motherhood in mothers of preterm infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit. BACKGROUND: Transition to motherhood often causes significant issues in terms of adaptation to the role of motherhood. The main factors leading to parental stress, especially in the neonatal intensive care unit, have shown that the greatest source of stress is the loss of women's role as mothers...
January 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504753/parents-behaving-badly-gender-biases-in-the-perception-of-parental-alienating-behaviors
#16
Jennifer J Harman, Zeynep Biringen, Ellen M Ratajack, Pearl L Outland, Allyson Kraus
According to gender role theory, individuals who confirm expectations associated with their gender roles are rewarded and judged against these expectations when they deviate. Parental roles are strongly tied to gender, and there are very different expectations for behaviors of mothers and fathers. This study examined how mothers' and fathers' behaviors that support or discourage a positive relationship with the other parent are perceived in terms of their acceptability. Two-hundred twenty-eight parents completed an online survey assessing perceptions of acceptability of negative (parental alienating) and positive coparenting behaviors...
October 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27486392/oxytocin-and-social-sensitivity-gene-polymorphisms-in-relation-to-depressive-symptoms-and-suicidal-ideation
#17
Robyn J McQuaid, Opal A McInnis, Kimberly Matheson, Hymie Anisman
Although the neuropeptide oxytocin has been associated with enhanced prosocial behaviors, it has also been linked to aggression and mental health disorders. Thus, it was suggested that oxytocin might act by increasing the salience of social stimuli, irrespective of whether these are positive or negative, thus increasing vulnerability to negative mental health outcomes. The current study (N = 243), conducted among white university students, examined the relation of trauma, depressive symptoms including suicidal ideation in relation to a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) within the oxytocin receptor gene (OXTR), rs53576, and a SNP on the CD38 gene that controls oxytocin release, rs3796863...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27422718/differences-and-similarities-between-mothers-and-fathers-of-premature-children-a-qualitative-study-of-parents-coping-experiences-in-a-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#18
I H Hagen, V C Iversen, M F Svindseth
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to explore and describe the coping experiences of parents to children admitted to a neonatal unit. METHODS: A qualitative research approach was chosen, using in-depth interviews with eight fathers and eight mothers. RESULTS: The main findings were that parents with previous complicated births had more difficulties in coping compared to those parents with no experience with complications. Coping seemed easier where parents' opinions were heard regarding their baby's care and when both parents were present in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU)...
2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27364282/best-interest-of-the-child-and-parental-alienation-a-survey-of-state-statutes
#19
Amy J L Baker, Mariann Asayan, Alianna LaCheen-Baker
State statutes regarding the best interests of the child (BIC) in deciding disputed custody were reviewed and independently coded with respect to three issues (i) the child's preference and any limits (ii) parental alienation and (iii) psychological maltreatment. Results revealed that many states allowed for the child's preferences to be considered and none qualified that preference when undue influence has occurred; parental alienation as a term was not found in any state statutes but 70% of the states included at least one BIC factor relevant to its core construct of the parent supporting the child's relationship to the other parent; and many states included a history of domestic violence or child abuse but only three states explicitly mentioned psychological maltreatment...
July 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27362872/longitudinal-measurement-equivalence-of-subjective-language-brokering-experiences-scale-in-mexican-american-adolescents
#20
Su Yeong Kim, Yang Hou, Yishan Shen, Minyu Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Language brokering occurs frequently in immigrant families and can have significant implications for the well-being of family members involved. The present study aimed to develop and validate a measure that can be used to assess multiple dimensions of subjective language brokering experiences among Mexican American adolescents. METHOD: Participants were 557 adolescent language brokers (54.2% female, Mage.wave1 = 12.96, SD = .94) in Mexican American families...
April 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
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