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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921731/inter-observer-agreement-in-pediatric-cervical-spine-injury-assessment-between-prehospital-and-emergency-department-providers
#1
Lorin R Browne, Hamilton Schwartz, Fahd A Ahmad, Michael Wallendorf, Nathan Kuppermann, E Brooke Lerner, Julie C Leonard
BACKGROUND: Investigators have derived cervical spine injury (CSI) decision support tools from physician observations. There is a need to demonstrate that prehospital emergency medical services (EMS) providers can use these tools to appropriately determine the need for spinal motion restrictions and make field disposition decisions. OBJECTIVE: To determine the inter-observer agreement between EMS and emergency department (ED) providers for CSI risk assessment variables and overall gestalt for CSI in children after blunt trauma...
September 18, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885320/an-examination-of-the-perceived-importance-and-skills-related-to-policies-and-policy-making-among-state-public-health-injury-prevention-staff
#2
Karen D Liller, Theresa Chapple-McGruder, Brian Castrucci, Martha Slay Wingate, Renata Hilson, Dara Mendez, Dorothy Cilenti, Ilana Raskind
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this research is to use the Public Health Workforce Interests and Needs Survey to assess in greater detail state injury prevention staff perceptions of policy development and related skills and their awareness and perception of "Health in All Policies" (HiAP). DESIGN: The public Health Workforce Interests and Needs Survey gauged public health practitioners' perspectives on workplace environment, job satisfaction, national trends, and training needs, and gathered demographics on the workforce...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880411/preschool-children-living-in-joint-physical-custody-arrangements-show-less-psychological-symptoms-than-those-living-mostly-or-only-with-one-parent
#3
Malin Bergström, Emma Fransson, Helena Fabian, Anders Hjern, Anna Sarkadi, Raziye Salari
AIM: Joint physical custody (JPC), where children spend about equal time in both parent's homes after parental separation, is increasing. The suitability of this practice for preschool children, with a need for predictability and continuity, has been questioned. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we used data on 3656 Swedish children aged three to five years living in intact families, JPC, mostly with one parent or single care. Linear regression analyses were conducted with the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire, completed by parents and preschool teachers, as the outcome measure...
September 7, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863722/comparing-predictive-validity-of-jsorrat-ii-and-mega-%C3%A2-%C2%AA-with-sexually-abusive-youth-in-long-term-residential-custody
#4
Lucinda A Lee Rasmussen
This 6-year prospective study is the first to compare two psychometrically sound risk assessment tools for sexually abusive youth: JSORRAT-II and MEGA(♪). Cross-validated on representative samples of over 500 youth, these measures have cutoff scores, allowing for a more exact assessment of risk. Study sample consisted of 129 male adjudicated adolescents housed in a secured residential treatment facility for sexually abusive youth. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis showed that MEGA(♪) Risk Scale was mildly predictive of sexual recidivism over a 6-year period (mean follow-up = 15...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852556/promoting-healthcare-innovation-on-the-demand-side
#5
Rebecca S Eisenberg, W Nicholson Price
Innovation policy often focuses on fortifying the incentives of firms that develop and sell new products by offering them lucrative rights to exclude competitors from the market. Regulators also rely on these same firms-and on similar incentives-to develop information about the effects of their products in patients, despite their obvious conflict of interest. The result may be a distorted understanding that leads to overuse of expensive new medical technologies. Recent technological advances have put healthcare payers in an excellent position to play a larger role in future innovation to improve healthcare and reduce its costs...
April 2017: Journal of Law and the Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845913/alcohol-related-presentations-to-the-royal-perth-hospital-emergency-department-a-prospective-study
#6
Stuart Vb McLay, Ellen MacDonald, Daniel M Fatovich
OBJECTIVE: To quantify and describe alcohol-related presentations to our ED, as part of the binational Alcohol Harm in Emergency Departments study. METHODS: A prospective observational study at Royal Perth Hospital of every patient attending ED for the 168-h period commencing 08.00 hours Monday 1 December 2014. Patient presentations were classified as alcohol-related (alcohol-positive) using predefined criteria. These patients were compared to alcohol-negative patients on a range of demographic and clinical descriptors...
August 28, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838893/impact-of-family-friendly-prison-policies-on-health-justice-and-child-protection-outcomes-for-incarcerated-mothers-and-their-dependent-children-a-cohort-study-protocol
#7
Helen Myers, Leonie Segal, Derrick Lopez, Ian W Li, David B Preen
INTRODUCTION: Female imprisonment has numerous health and social sequelae for both women prisoners and their children. Examples of comprehensive family-friendly prison policies that seek to improve the health and social functioning of women prisoners and their children exist but have not been evaluated. This study will determine the impact of exposure to a family-friendly prison environment on health, child protection and justice outcomes for incarcerated mothers and their dependent children...
August 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836486/delayed-in-custody-death-involving-excited-delirium
#8
Daniel B Kennedy, Dennis M Savard
This case study presents a 37-year-old male who was experiencing excited delirium (ExD) and died in a county jail 4 days after being taken into custody. The male died in a jail observation cell without having been restrained and was not under the influence of a drug stimulant. The subject had a documented psychiatric history of bipolar disorder and schizophrenia and was known to consume marijuana, cocaine, and methamphetamines. This case illustrates the pernicious effects of ExD and how its lethality can be delayed when many cases involve drug use and use of force where subjects die shortly thereafter...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833100/language-impairment-and-comorbid-vulnerabilities-among-young-people-in-custody
#9
Nathan Hughes, Prathiba Chitsabesan, Karen Bryan, Rohan Borschmann, Nathaniel Swain, Charlotte Lennox, Jennifer Shaw
BACKGROUND: While the prevalence of language and communication difficulties among young people in custody is well established, holistic understanding of the complexity and co-occurrence of additional vulnerabilities among this population are rare. METHODS: Ninety-three young people in a young offenders institution in England were assessed using the Comprehensive Health Assessment Tool, the Test of Word Knowledge, and a range of additional assessments of communication, cognition, and neurodevelopmental difficulties...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829389/-you-think-you-re-helping-them-but-they-re-helping-you-too-experiences-of-scottish-male-young-offenders-participating-in-a-dog-training-program
#10
Rebecca J Leonardi, Hannah M Buchanan-Smith, Gill McIvor, Sarah-Jane Vick
Interaction with animals can be beneficial to humans and animal-assisted interventions (AAIs) are increasingly popular in a range of contexts. Dog training programs (DTPs) are the most popular form of AAI in custodial contexts; prisoners often have multiple needs and DTPs seem to facilitate a diverse range of positive outcomes, including improvements in well-being, behavior, and offending behavior. However, evidence on the efficacy of prison-based DTPs is still limited and these evaluations often lack detail or methodological rigor...
August 22, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820046/-nurture-the-sprouting-bud-do-not-uproot-it-using-saving-groups-to-save-for-maternal-and-newborn-health-lessons-from-rural-eastern-uganda
#11
Elizabeth Ekirapa-Kiracho, Ligia Paina, Rornald Muhumuza Kananura, Aloysius Mutebi, Pacuto Jane, Juliet Tumuhairwe, Moses Tetui, Suzanne N Kiwanuka
BACKGROUND: Saving groups are increasingly being used to save in many developing countries. However, there is limited literature about how they can be exploited to improve maternal and newborn health. OBJECTIVES: This paper describes saving practices, factors that encourage and constrain saving with saving groups, and lessons learnt while supporting communities to save through saving groups. METHODS: This qualitative study was done in three districts in Eastern Uganda...
August 2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816363/the-suicidal-inmate-a-comparison-of-inmates-who-attempt-versus-complete-suicide
#12
Emily A Boren, Johanna B Folk, Jennifer M Loya, June P Tangney, Sharen E Barboza, John S Wilson
The aim of this study was to identify risk factors distinguishing inmates who attempt suicide from inmates who complete suicide. Compared with attempters, completers tended to be older, male, more educated, and married or separated/divorced; pretrial, committed for a violent crime, incarcerated in jail, housed in an inpatient mental health unit or protective custody setting, living in a single cell, not on suicide precautions, not previously under close observation; and more likely to act during overnight hours and die by hanging/self-strangulation...
August 17, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804052/understanding-interactions-of-formerly-incarcerated-hiv-positive-men-and-transgender-women-with-substance-use-treatment-medical-and-criminal-justice-systems
#13
Nina T Harawa, Bita Amani, Jane Rohde Bowers, Jennifer N Sayles, William Cunningham
BACKGROUND: Low levels of medical care engagement have been noted for HIV-positive people leaving systems of incarceration in the United States. Substance misuse frequently co-occurs with criminal justice involvement in individuals who are living with HIV. METHODS: We analyzed data from in-depth interviews with 19 HIV-positive individuals who were currently or formerly incarcerated in order to elucidate challenges faced in accessing care and maintaining HIV treatment regimens when cycling out of (and often back into) custody...
October 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795827/the-parting-parent-concern-inventory-parents-appraisals-correlate-with-divorced-family-functioning
#14
Keith Sanford, Alannah Shelby Rivers
When married parents go through a divorce, they may have concerns in 6 areas that are associated with postdivorce family adjustment. These include concerns about malice, power, custody, child rejection, esteem, and finances. The Parting Parent Concern Inventory assesses these concerns. It was developed in a series of preliminary studies, and this report focuses on results from 2 subsequent validation studies including 643 divorced parents with at least 1 child from their former marriage under the age of 18...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792293/the-opioid-epidemic-challenges-of-sustained-remission
#15
Nitin Chopra, Lauren H Marasa
Opioid use disorder is a growing epidemic, with an alarming number of associated deaths. In 2014, in the United States, 18,893 lethal overdoses were related to prescription opioids and 10,574 due to heroin. Despite the growing number of treatment options for substance use disorders, which are chronic, relapsing-remitting conditions, relapse rates remain as high as 91%. In the United States, 7.5 million children reside with at least one patient who abuses drugs or alcohol. Mothers are twice as likely to lose custody of their children...
March 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771024/binding-properties-of-different-categories-of-ido1-inhibitors-a-microscale-thermophoresis-study
#16
Francesco Antonio Greco, Alice Coletti, Chiara Custodi, Daniela Dolciami, Alessandro Di Michele, Andrea Carotti, Maura Marinozzi, Nina Schlinck, Antonio Macchiarulo
AIM: Inhibition of IDO1 is a strategy pursued in the immune-oncology pipeline for the development of novel anticancer therapies. At odds with an ever-increasing number of inhibitors being disclosed in the literature and patent applications, only very few compounds have hitherto advanced in clinical settings. MATERIALS & METHODS: We have used MicroScale Thermophoresis analysis and docking calculations to assess on a quantitative basis the binding properties of distinct categories of inhibitors to IDO1...
August 3, 2017: Future Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753036/political-therapeutics-dialogues-and-frictions-around-care-and-cure
#17
Cristiana Giordano
In 1978, Italy passed a law establishing the abolition of the mental hospital. Up to that time, the traditional asylums were still governed by the 1904 law that positioned psychiatry within the criminal justice system by assigning it the function of custodia (control, custody) rather than of cura (care). In the 1960s and 1970s, Italian psychiatrist Franco Basaglia initiated a movement of de-institutionalization of the mentally ill that revolutionized psychiatric care in Italy. It also had a deep impact on restructuring the psychiatric system in other European and Latin American countries...
July 28, 2017: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748983/design-planning-and-management-of-the-hospital-custody-unit-at-hospital-universitario-fundaci%C3%A3-n-alcorc%C3%A3-n
#18
C de la Fuente-Martín, B de la Fuente Martín, E Grifol-Clar
OBJECTIVE: The design and management of a Hospital Custody Unit at Hospital Universitario Fundación Alcorcón, to focus the aim of this study on specialized medical care for extra-penitentiary patients who have suffered from a disease. We are building a new space to facilitate their daily lives at hospital and we want to offer a double function to the patients that consists of a custody space and a health rehabilitation space. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We carried out a scientific literature search on the international and national databases, about Hospital Custody Units or Restricted Access Units...
December 2017: Revista Española de Sanidad Penitenciaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738789/the-impact-of-indigenous-cultural-identity-and-cultural-engagement-on-violent-offending
#19
Stephane M Shepherd, Rosa Hazel Delgado, Juanita Sherwood, Yin Paradies
BACKGROUND: Possessing a strong cultural identity has been shown to protect against mental health symptoms and buffer distress prompted by discrimination. However, no research to date has explored the protective influences of cultural identity and cultural engagement on violent offending. This paper investigates the relationships between cultural identity/engagement and violent recidivism for a cohort of Australian Indigenous people in custody. METHODS: A total of 122 adults from 11 prisons in the state of Victoria completed a semi-structured interview comprising cultural identification and cultural engagement material in custody...
July 24, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728625/parental-fitness-questioned-on-the-grounds-of-narcolepsy-presentation-of-two-cases
#20
Laura Barbero, Annamaria Govi, Fabio Pizza, Giuseppe Plazzi, Francesca Ingravallo
We report two cases of fathers whose parental fitness was questioned during divorce and custody litigation because of narcolepsy type 2 and type 1, respectively. These cases highlighted both the existence of a narcolepsy-related stigma and the need to involve sleep experts in custody assessments when concerns about the parental fitness are related to a sleep disorder, expanding the field of interest of the growing "sleep forensics."
August 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
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