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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351159/the-physical-characteristics-by-sex-and-age-for-custody-assistants-from-a-law-enforcement-agency
#1
Robert G Lockie, Robin M Orr, Michael Stierli, Karly A Cesario, Matthew R Moreno, Ashley M Bloodgood, Joseph M Dulla, J Jay Dawes
Custody assistants (CAs) are a position within a law enforcement agency who are responsible for assisting officers with maintaining security in correctional facilities. Unlike other positions, CAs may not be required to complete physical testing prior to being hired. This lack of testing could influence the characteristics of CAs who attend academy training. Therefore, retrospective analysis of performance test data for 108 officers (69 males, 39 females) was conducted. The tests included: grip strength for both hands; number of push-ups and sit-ups in 60 seconds; 201 m (220 yard) and 2...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347894/-gender-specific-differences-in-the-degree-of-burden-on-children-and-adolescents-taken-into-custody
#2
Stefan Rücker, Peter Büttner, Norbert Karpinski, Franz Petermann, Jörg M Fegert
Gender-specific Differences in the Degree of Burden on Children and Adolescents Taken into Custody Children and adolescents who were taken into care are a high-risk group for mental disorders such as externalizing problems or conduct disorders. 95 children and adolescents who were taken into care were tested with the Screening Child Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) and the Massachusetts Youth Screening Instrument 2 (MAYSI-2). In a large proportion of those children and adolescents emotional and physical neglect and abuse was identified...
January 2018: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337662/studies-of-transgenic-mosquitoes-in-disease-endemic-countries-preparation-of-containment-facilities
#3
M Megan Quinlan, James Mutuku Mutunga, Abdoulaye Diabaté, Moussa Namountougou, Mamadou B Coulibaly, Lakamy Sylla, Jonathan Kayondo, Victor Balyesima, Lorna Clark, Mark Q Benedict, Peter Raymond
Novel approaches to area-wide control of vector species offer promise as additional tools in the fight against vectored diseases. Evaluation of transgenic insect strains aimed at field population control in disease-endemic countries may involve international partnerships and should be done in a stepwise approach, starting with studies in containment facilities. The preparations of both new-build and renovated facilities are described, including working with local and national regulations regarding land use, construction, and biosafety requirements, as well as international guidance to fill any gaps in regulation...
January 2018: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334235/impact-of-an-assertive-community-treatment-model-of-care-on-the-treatment-of-prisoners-with-a-serious-mental-illness
#4
Brian McKenna, Jeremy Skipworth, Rees Tapsell, Krishna Pillai, Dominic Madell, Alexander Simpson, James Cavney, Paul Rouse
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to describe the impact of a mental health assertive community treatment prison model of care (PMOC) on improving the ability to identify prisoner needs, provide interventions and monitor their efficacy. METHODS: We carried out a file review across five prisons of referrals in the year before the implementation of the PMOC in 2010 ( n = 423) compared with referrals in the year after ( n = 477). RESULTS: Some improvements in the identification of needs and providing interventions were detected...
January 1, 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331098/blunted-cortisol-reactivity-and-risky-driving-in-young-offenders-a-pilot-study
#5
Sophie Couture, Marie Claude Ouimet, Katarina Dedovic, Catherine Laurier, Pierrich Plusquellec, Thomas G Brown
Adolescent risky driving is a significant burden on public health. Young offenders (i.e. under custody and supervision of the criminal justice system) may be particularly vulnerable, but research is scant. Previous work indicated that blunted cortisol reactivity to stress is a marker of risk-taking predisposition, including risky driving. In this study, we hypothesized that young offenders display higher levels of risky driving than a non-offender comparison group, and that cortisol reactivity contributes to the variance in risky driving independent of other associated characteristics (i...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325468/does-enhanced-support-for-offenders-effectively-reduce-custodial-violence-and-disruption-an-evaluation-of-the-enhanced-support-service-pilot
#6
Jake Camp, Kerry Joy, Mark Freestone
This study aimed to examine the effectiveness of The Enhanced Support Service (ESS) pilot in reducing custodial violence and disruption, and the associated costs, by observing the behavioural change of the 35 service users who participated in ESS intervention within its first 22 months of operation. Frequencies of recorded incidents of aggressive behaviours, self-harming behaviours, noncompliance, and positive behaviours were counted from routine administrative systems using a coding structure developed in previous studies...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298243/adolescent-coping-strategies-in-the-emergency-department
#7
Allison Cheng, Rita Manfredi, Gia Badolato, Monika Goyal
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to describe coping mechanisms used by adolescents during emergency treatment. METHODS: A convenience sample of adolescent patients (aged 12-18 years) was surveyed in our large (87,000 annual visits) urban academic pediatric emergency department (ED) with an adapted Adolescent Coping Orientation for Problem Experiences survey. Parents were surveyed about their perceptions of their child's coping mechanisms. Participants were excluded if they were non-English speaking, in police custody, had altered mental status, or were hemodynamically unstable...
January 2, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294913/quality-of-sibling-relationships-in-maltreated-youth-residing-in-out-of-home-care
#8
Helen M Milojevich, Jodi A Quas, Britni L Adams
When children are removed from their parents's custody because of substantiated maltreatment and placed in out-of-home placements, they may be placed separately from siblings, potentially leading to even higher levels of stress in children. This possibility emerges insofar as siblings serve as a source of support during the uncertain times that accompany maltreatment and subsequent removal. We explored these issues in the present study, focusing on whether sibling relationship quality was related to post-removal behavioral functioning in maltreated children and adolescents...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294728/trafficking-experiences-and-psychosocial-features-of-domestic-minor-sex-trafficking-victims
#9
Jessica L Moore, Christopher Houck, Priyadarshini Hirway, Christine E Barron, Amy P Goldberg
Domestic minor sex trafficking (DMST) is an increasingly recognized traumatic crime premised upon the control, abuse, and exploitation of youth. By definition, DMST is the "recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for the purpose of a commercial sex act" within domestic borders, in which the person is a U.S. citizen or lawful permanent resident under the age of 18 years. The present study described the demographics, psychosocial features, and trafficking experiences (e.g., environments of recruitment, relationship to trafficker, solicitation) of DMST victims...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287167/a-longitudinal-analysis-of-the-impact-of-child-custody-loss-on-drug-use-and-crime-among-a-sample-of-african-american-mothers
#10
Kathi L H Harp, Carrie B Oser
This study examines the influence of child custody loss on drug use and crime among a sample of African American mothers. Two types of custody loss are examined: informal custody loss (child living apart from mother but courts not involved), and official loss (child removed from mother's care by authorities). METHODS: Using data from 339 African American women, longitudinal random coefficient models analyzed the effects of each type of custody loss on subsequent drug use and crime. RESULTS: indicated that both informal and official custody loss predicted increased drug use, and informal loss predicted increased criminal involvement...
December 26, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283985/antipsychiatry-as-the-stigma
#11
Izet Pajević, Mevludin Hasanović
The authors presents their perspectives on the relationship between antipsychiatry and the stigma of mental illness. The present paper aims to provide a short review of the basic principles of the antipsychiatric movement, and to discuss the atitudes of its most important theorists. The authors searched recent literature, as well as drawing upon some of the basic antipsychiatric texts. Antipsychiatry dates from 18th century, and as an international movement it emerged during the 1960s as part of the historic tumult of the period rather than as a result of the evolution of scientific ideas...
December 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277953/emergent-leadership-among-tenants-with-psychiatric-disabilities-living-in-supported-housing
#12
Myra Piat, Judith Sabetti, Deborah Padgett
The overall aim of this study was to explore the experiences of people with psychiatric disabilities living as tenants in independent, supported apartments for the first time. Supported housing provides an alternative to structured, custodial housing models, such as foster homes, or board-and-care homes, for clients in public mental health systems. This article reports findings on how leadership emerged among tenants after making the transition from custodial to supported housing. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with tenants (n = 24) and included questions on their housing history, current living situation, relationships with staff, participation, and understanding or experience of leadership...
December 25, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275557/-forensic-analysis-of-63-cases-of-non-violent-death-occurred-in-custody
#13
S M Yang, Y B Cheng
OBJECTIVES: To collect cases of non-violent death occurred in custody for analyzing the forensic characteristics and related influencing factors. METHODS: Sixty-three cases of non-violent death among detainees in custody that handled by a forensic science center from 2000 to 2015 were collected. The type, onset season, medical history, clinical manifestation, treatment and duration of related fatal diseases were analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS: The deaths due to diseases in custody were common in male, and with a high incidence in middle aged adults...
October 2017: Fa Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248811/assessment-of-the-stability-of-dna-in-specimens-collected-under-conditions-for-drug-testing-a-pilot-study
#14
Robert M White, John M Mitchell, E Dale Hart, Amy Evans, Meredith Meaders, Sarah E Norsworthy, Eugene D Hayes, Ron Flegel, George C Maha, Megan D Shaffer, Erin M Hall, Kelley Rogers
For forensic biological sample collections, the specimen donor is linked solidly to his or her specimen through a chain of custody (CoC) sometimes referenced as a chain of evidence. Rarely, a donor may deny that a urine or oral fluid (OF) specimen is his or her specimen even with a patent CoC. The goal of this pilot study was to determine the potential effects of short-term storage on the quality and quantity of DNA in both types of specimen under conditions that may be encountered with employment-related drug testing specimens...
November 13, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200050/a-call-for-compassionate-care
#15
Karen Alexander
The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (2014) reported that 1.1% of pregnant women used nonprescription opiates (either heroin or prescription pills) in the last 30 days. Methadone and buprenorphine are the most common treatments for opiate addiction in pregnant women. Reasons for seeking opiate maintenance treatment (OMT) include keeping custody of one's children and the hope of developing a healthy parenting relationship. Yet, healthcare organizations and professionals have mixed opinions regarding health promotion within the maternal OMT population...
October 2017: Journal of Addictions Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191440/predictors-of-linkage-to-hiv-care-and-viral-suppression-after-release-from-jails-and-prisons-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#16
Kelsey B Loeliger, Frederick L Altice, Mayur M Desai, Maria M Ciarleglio, Colleen Gallagher, Jaimie P Meyer
BACKGROUND: Incarceration provides an opportunity for engagement in HIV care but is associated with poor HIV treatment outcomes after release. We aimed to assess post-release linkage to HIV care (LTC) and the effect of transitional case management services. METHODS: To create a retrospective cohort of all adults with HIV released from jails and prisons in Connecticut, USA (2007-14), we linked administrative custody and pharmacy databases with mandatory HIV/AIDS surveillance monitoring and case management data...
November 27, 2017: Lancet HIV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183075/chemical-composition-and-labeling-of-substances-marketed-as-selective-androgen-receptor-modulators-and-sold-via-the-internet
#17
Ryan M Van Wagoner, Amy Eichner, Shalender Bhasin, Patricia A Deuster, Daniel Eichner
Importance: Recent reports have described the increasing use of nonsteroidal selective androgen receptor modulators, which have not been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), to enhance appearance and performance. The composition and purity of such products is not known. Objective: To determine the chemical identity and the amounts of ingredients in dietary supplements and products marketed and sold through the internet as selective androgen receptor modulators and compare the analyzed contents with product labels...
November 28, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176106/the-rikers-island-hot-spotters-exploring-the-needs-of-the-most-frequently-incarcerated
#18
Alex Harocopos, Bennett Allen, Sarah Glowa-Kollisch, Homer Venters, Denise Paone, Ross Macdonald
A cohort of frequently incarcerated individuals in the New York City jail system was identified through "hot spotting" analysis. This group demonstrated higher levels of substance use, mental illness, and homelessness than the general jail population, and was typically incarcerated on minor criminal charges. To understand this population better, in-depth interviews (n = 20) were conducted at three Rikers Island correctional facilities with people who had entered the jail system at least 18 times in a six-year period...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172160/the-neurocognitive-effects-of-a-conducted-electrical-weapon-compared-to-high-intensity-interval-training-and-alcohol-intoxication-implications-for-miranda-and-consent
#19
D Dawes, J Ho, A S Vincent, P Nystrom, B Driver
While the physiologic effects of conducted electrical weapons (CEW) have been the subjects of numerous studies over nearly two decades, their effects on neurocognitive functioning, both short-term and long-term, have only recently been studied. In a 2014 study involving use-of-force scenarios, including a CEW scenario, we found that there was a decline in neurocognitive performance immediately post-scenario in all groups; however this effect was transient, of questionable clinical/legal significance, not statistically different between the groups, and, returned to baseline by one hour post-scenario...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169785/-parental-alienation-child-psychological-abuse-and-dsm-5
#20
P Bensussan
Psychiatric experts find it is easier to deal with more horrible crimes than highly conflictual divorces. In the former, projections are impossible and "files" raise very interesting issues with regard to criminology; in contrast, in the latter the expert is confronted not just with a family but also and lest one forget, a couple that at one point in time had loved each other. However, the separation resembles a bloodbath. We will not detail the various psychiatric pathologies, which may further complicate a separation: they are well-known and, on a procedural level, do not raise any specific concerns...
November 20, 2017: L'Encéphale
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