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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771248/-i-direttori-delle-riviste-vanno-avanti-attenersi-ai-principi-accademici-adottare-trasparenza-e-rispetto-e-applicare-le-regole
#1
Jaime A Teixeira da Silva, Judit Dobránszki
Nonostante i cambiamenti in corso nell'ambito delle pubblicazioni scientifiche (STEM - scienza, tecnologia, ingegneria e medicina), è indubbio che i direttori delle riviste restano i più importanti custodi del processo editoriale. In questo articolo vengono analizzati i motivi per cui i direttori delle riviste devono continuare ad attenersi ai principi editoriali fondamentali e a utilizzare le nuove tecnologie digitali solo per dare forza al contenuto, ma non per sostituirlo nella sua qualità. Per raggiungere questo obiettivo, in un'epoca caratterizzata da controlli ed equilibri, i direttori delle riviste devono essere attentamente sorvegliati e ritenuti responsabili tanto quanto gli autori che essi stessi valutano...
May 2018: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767823/the-validity-of-open-source-data-when-assessing-jail-suicides
#2
Amanda L Thomas, Jacqueline Scott, Jeff Mellow
BACKGROUND: The Bureau of Justice Statistics' Deaths in Custody Reporting Program is the primary source for jail suicide research, though the data is restricted from general dissemination. This study is the first to examine whether jail suicide data obtained from publicly available sources can help inform our understanding of this serious public health problem. METHODS: Of the 304 suicides that were reported through the DCRP in 2009, roughly 56 percent (N = 170) of those suicides were identified through the open-source search protocol...
May 9, 2018: Health & Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767436/police-interactions-and-interventions-with-suspects-flagged-as-experiencing-mental-health-problems
#3
Eddie Kane, Emily Evans, Jurgen Mitsch, Tahseen Jilani, Philip Quinlan, Jack Cattell, Najat Khalifa
BACKGROUND: Interactions between individuals experiencing mental health (MH) problems and the police are complex, and effectiveness of innovative support and diversion models in England and Wales not yet fully evaluated. AIMS/HYPOTHESES: Our aims were to examine police interactions with suspects and to measure the immediate effectiveness of police/NHS MH interventions, including liaison and diversion and embedded staff in police contact and control rooms. We hypothesised that those with an MH flag would have significantly greater benefit from such interventions than those without in terms of how far they are taken down the criminal justice pathway and how long they spend in police custody...
May 16, 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756478/outcome-of-serious-violent-offenders-with-psychotic-illness-and-cognitive-disorder-dealt-with-by-the-new-south-wales-criminal-justice-system
#4
Olav Nielssen, Natalia Yl Yee, Kimberlie Dean, Matthew Large
BACKGROUND: The few studies of the recidivism by people with psychotic illness and cognitive disorder who are convicted of serious violent offences and sentenced by the courts. METHOD: Re-imprisonment data were obtained for 661 individuals convicted of serious non-lethal violent offences in the District Courts of New South Wales in the years 2006 and 2007. Rates of re-imprisonment of offenders known to psychotic illness or cognitive disorder (intellectual disability or acquired brain injury) was compared to those not known to have those conditions...
May 1, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755610/the-living-conditions-of-children-with-shared-residence-the-swedish-example
#5
Emma Fransson, Sara Brolin Låftman, Viveca Östberg, Anders Hjern, Malin Bergström
Among children with separated parents, shared residence - i.e., joint physical custody where the child is sharing his or her time equally between two custodial parents' homes - is increasing in many Western countries and is particularly common in Sweden. The overall level of living among children in Sweden is high; however, the potential structural differences between children in various post-separation family arrangements have not been sufficiently studied. Potential risks for children with shared residence relate to the daily hassles and stress when having two homes...
2018: Child Indicators Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731597/the-family-stress-model-as-it-applies-to-custodial-grandfamilies-a-cross-validation
#6
Gregory C Smith, Bert Hayslip, Gregory R Hancock, William Merchant, Julian Montoro-Rodriguez, Frederick Strieder
There is scant research on how the parenting practices of custodial grandmothers affect the psychological adjustment of grandchildren in their care. Yet, the findings from a handful of prior studies suggest the relevance of the Family Stress Model (FSM) to these caregivers. The present study further tested the FSM with baseline data from 343 custodial grandmothers (Mage = 58.5 years) enrolled in a clinical trial of the efficacy of interventions for improving the well-being of their families. Not only was this "help-seeking" sample atypical of prior FSM studies, but also unique to the present study was our addition of multiple parenting practices, self-reported and clinical ratings of grandmothers' distress, and reports of grandchildren's internalizing and externalizing difficulties from grandchildren and grandmothers...
February 2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706673/custodial-parole-sanctions-and-earnings-after-release-from-prison
#7
David J Harding, Jonah A Siegel, Jeffrey D Morenoff
Although the labor market consequences of incarceration in prison have been central to the literature on mass incarceration, punishment, and inequality, other components of the growing criminal justice system have received less attention from sociologists. In particular, the rise of mass incarceration was accompanied by an even larger increase in community supervision. In this paper, we examine the labor market effects of one frequently experienced aspect of post-prison parole, short-term custody for parole violations...
December 2017: Social Forces; a Scientific Medium of Social Study and Interpretation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678130/cumulative-risk-effect-of-household-dysfunction-for-child-maltreatment-after-intensive-intervention-of-the-child-protection-system-in-japan-a-longitudinal-analysis
#8
Hirotsuna Ohashi, Ichiro Wada, Yui Yamaoka, Ryoko Nakajima-Yamaguchi, Yasukazu Ogai, Nobuaki Morita
BACKGROUND: Building an effective casework system for child maltreatment is a global issue. We estimated the effect of household dysfunction (i.e., interparental violence, caregiver mental health problems, and caregiver substance abuse) on child maltreatment to understand how to advance the current framework of child welfare. METHODS: The sample comprised 759 children (1- to 17-year-old; mean age was 10.6; 404 boys and 355 girls) placed in temporary custody units (one of the strongest intervention of the Japanese child protection system)...
April 20, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677100/from-community-to-meta-community-mental-health-care
#9
REVIEW
Nick Bouras, George Ikkos, Thomas Craig
Since the 1960s, we have witnessed the development and growth of community mental health care that continues to dominate mental health policy and practice. Several high-income countries have implemented community mental health care programmes but for many others, including mostly low- and middle-income countries, it remains an aspiration. Although community mental health care has been positive for many service users, it has also had severe shortcomings. Expectations that it would lead to fuller social integration have not been fulfilled and many service users remain secluded in sheltered or custodial environments with limited social contacts and no prospect of work...
April 20, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667167/out-of-home-placement-to-age-18-years-in-children-exposed-to-a-postpartum-mental-disorder
#10
Simone N Vigod, Thomas Munk Laursen, Anne Ranning, Merete Nordentoft, Trine Munk-Olsen
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about risk of custody loss or out-of-home placement among children whose mothers experience postpartum mental disorders, and whether this risk differs from that of children whose mothers had earlier onset of their mental disorder. METHODS: National Danish registers comprising 1 868 467 births (1982-2012) were used to determine how the timing of maternal illness onset influences out-of-home placement risk up to age 18 years among children exposed to a maternal mental disorder...
April 17, 2018: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661109/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-mrsa-infections-in-custodial-populations-a-systematic-review
#11
Leigh Haysom, Melanie Cross, Rebecca Anastasas, Elizabeth Moore, Stephen Hampton
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in prisons can result in serious morbidity and death. We reviewed rates and risk factors for MRSA infection in custody, searching Medline, EMBASE, and CINAHL databases. Between 1997 and 2015, 17 studies reported MRSA skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs), with four case reports of MRSA non-SSTI (necrotizing pneumonias, brain abscess, and epiduritis). Significant associations with MRSA SSTI were found: MRSA colonization, previous skin infection, sharing soap or personal items, SSTI presenting as an abscess or furuncle, younger age, non-Caucasian, overweight, communal laundering, infrequent handwashing, lower hygiene score...
April 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658764/a-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-family-mediation-with-and-without-motivational-interviewing
#12
Megan Morris, W Kim Halford, Jemima Petch
Family mediation is a widely used approach to assist separated parents to resolve conflicts about parenting arrangements for their children, yet frequently parents undertaking mediation do not reach a mutually agreeable resolution. In Australia, where the current study was conducted, separated parents must attempt family mediation before they can seek to appear in the family court for custody issues. We compared mediation enhanced with motivational interviewing (MI) with mediation as usual (MAU) in a randomized controlled trial...
March 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644929/children-with-two-homes-psychological-problems-in-relation-to-living-arrangements-in-nordic-2-to-9-year-olds
#13
Malin Bergström, Emma Fransson, Michael B Wells, Lennart Köhler, Anders Hjern
AIM: Joint physical custody, children spending equal time in each parents' respective home after a parental divorce, is particularly common in Nordic compared with other Western countries. Older children have been shown to fare well in this practice but for young children there are few existing studies. The aim of this paper is to study psychological problems in 2- to 9-year-old Nordic children in different family forms. METHODS: Total symptom score according to the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire as well as scores showing externalizing problems were compared among 152 children in joint physical custody, 303 in single care and 3207 in nuclear families through multiple linear regression analyses...
April 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606059/a-qualitative-exploration-of-the-experiences-of-veterans-who-are-serving-sentences-in-custody
#14
Michele Unwin, Belinda Winder
The focus on veterans in research is not a novel topic; however, the majority of studies are related to trauma, employment, mental health, suicide, and substance misuse. The criminal justice system involvement with veterans is a topic that has yet to be examined to a great extent. This study, conducted with adult male prisoners, elicited information from six veterans regarding their experiences of being in the armed forces, leaving the armed forces, and becoming involved in the criminal justice system. Responses were evaluated using interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) and three main themes were identified: "you're baptized into the army," "them and us," and "operational mind-set"; each of which comprised a number of superordinate themes...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602090/male-female-differences-in-households-resource-allocation-and-decision-to-seek-healthcare-in-south-eastern-nigeria-results-from-a-mixed-methods-study
#15
Michael Nnachebe Onah, Susan Horton
Ability to influence household decision-making has been shown to increase with improved social capital and power and is linked to better access to household financial resources and other services outside the household including healthcare. To examine the male-female differences in household custody of financial resources, decision-making, and type of healthcare utilised, we used a mixed methods approach of cross-sectional household surveys and focus-group discussions (FGDs). Data was collected between 10 January-28 February 2011...
March 23, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566649/contextualising-health-screening-risk-assessments-in-police-custody-suites-qualitative-evaluation-from-the-help-pc-study-in-london-uk
#16
Iain McKinnon, Tracy Finch
BACKGROUND: In the UK, police custody officers have a responsibility to screen for health morbidity and vulnerability among detainees. This study aimed to develop an understanding of the barriers to performing effective health screening in police custody suites, understand the impact of screening tools on practice within the custody suite, and to identify factors that could hinder or facilitate the future implementation of a new screening intervention in this environment. METHODS: A qualitative study was conducted alongside a quantitative evaluation of a novel screening tool...
March 22, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562826/relationships-between-treatment-delivery-program-attrition-and-reoffending-outcomes-in-an-intensive-custodial-sex-offender-program
#17
Mark V A Howard, Abilio C de Almeida Neto, Jennifer J Galouzis
Retention of sex offenders to the completion of treatment is critical to program adherence to risk need responsivity (RNR) principles; however, it is also important to consider the potential interaction between attrition and treatment outcomes such as reoffending. The first aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of changes to treatment delivery in a residential sex offender treatment program (SOTP), including introduction of rolling groups and systematic emphasis on positive therapist characteristics, on likelihood of program noncompletion ( n = 652)...
March 1, 2018: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552940/the-reliability-and-validity-of-the-adaptive-functioning-assessment-tool-in-uk-custodial-settings
#18
Gareth E Ross, Kerensa Hocken, Jonathan M Auty
Adaptive functioning (AF) has been overlooked in the assessment of intellectual disability within the UK Prison Service, primarily because there are no reliable and valid measures of AF suitable for use with prison populations. This position is incompatible with the obligation of Her Majesty's Prison and Probation Service to provide specialist interventions for individuals with intellectual disabilities. This study assessed the psychometric properties of the Adaptive Functioning Assessment Tool (AFAT), a new measure of AF developed for use in prisons...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548502/experiences-of-restrictiveness-in-forensic-psychiatric-care-systematic-review-and-concept-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Jack Tomlin, Peter Bartlett, Birgit Völlm
Mentally disordered offenders may be sent to secure psychiatric hospitals. These settings can resemble carceral spaces, employing high levels of security restricting resident autonomy, expression and social interaction. However, research exploring the restrictiveness of forensic settings is sparse. A systematic review was therefore undertaken to conceptualize this restrictiveness. Eight databases were searched for papers that address restrictive elements of secure forensic care in a non-cursory way. Fifty sources (empirical articles and policy documents) were included and subject to thematic analysis to identify 1) antecedent conditions to, 2) characteristic attributes, 3) consequences and 4) 'deviant' cases of the developing concept...
March 2018: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527052/a-journey-from-custodial-to-community-based-care-psychiatric-centre-jodhpur
#20
D R Purohit, Ankit Awasthi, G D Koolwal, Sanjay Gehlot, Surender Kumar
Since 1979, consistent and untiring efforts of Dr. D.R. Purohit, Dr. Mahaveer Chand Jain and Dr. G. D. Koolwal against the odds have brought remarkable changes in the Psychiatric centre, Jodhpur.
February 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
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