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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908672/forensic-age-estimation-in-anti-piracy-trials-in-seychelles-experiences-and-challenges-faced
#1
S A Gunawardena, U A Liyanage, J B Weeratna, N D N A Mendis, H J M Perera, R W Jayasekara, R Fernando
Forensic age estimation (FAE) was conducted using a multifactorial method on thirteen Somali detainees claiming juvenile status during the anti-piracy trials of the Seychelles Supreme Court in 2014/2015. A multidisciplinary team, comprising of four of the authors covering specialties in forensic medicine, forensic odontology and radiology, conducted the FAE using a five-stage protocol. Each detainee was interviewed with an interpreter and examined for disorders affecting dental/skeletal development and for assessment of genital development through Tanner staging...
November 14, 2016: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903322/non-use-of-day-care-services-for-dementia-in-singapore-a-dilemma-for-caregivers
#2
Shan Huang, Konstadina Griva, Christina A Bryant, Philip Yap
BACKGROUND: Day care services for patients with dementia (PWD) are generally under-utilized worldwide despite evidence of positive outcomes, such as improved behavioral, psychological, and cognitive functioning for patients, and reduced caregiver burden. This study sought to gain an in-depth understanding of the reasons for non-utilization of day care services in Singapore using qualitative methodology. METHODS: A purposive sample of 16 caregivers of PWD who had never attended day care services participated in semi-structured interviews...
December 1, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891762/judicial-reliance-on-parental-iq-in-appellate-level-child-welfare-cases-involving-parents-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities
#3
Ella Callow, Munazza Tahir, Maurice Feldman
BACKGROUND: Parents with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDDs) are over-represented in child welfare cases. Although IQ per se is an invalid indicator of parenting abilities, this study examined the prevalence of judicial consideration of parental IQ test evidence in US appellate cases. METHODS: The present authors conducted Boolean searches of Westlaw Corporation's case database since 1999. The present authors used a six-question checklist to survey the 42 most recent American appellate cases involving termination of parental rights (TPR) decisions that included evidence of parental intellectual and developmental disabilities based on IQ...
November 27, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878923/prevalence-trends-and-custody-among-children-of-parents-with-intellectual-disabilities-in-norway
#4
Jan Tøssebro, Turid Midjo, Veronika Paulsen, Berit Berg
BACKGROUND: This study addresses children of parents with intellectual disability in Norway. The aim was to examine: (i) the impact of definitions of intellectual disability on prevalence, (ii) whether numbers were increasing, (iii) the prevalence of motherhood and fatherhood and (iv) rates of lost custody. METHODS: Analyses of national registers (n = 30 834) and mapping in four municipalities (n = 85). RESULTS: 0.19% of all children had parents with recorded intellectual disability, increasing to 0...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878920/-framed-terminating-the-parenting-rights-of-parents-with-intellectual-disability-in-iceland
#5
Hanna Björg Sigurjónsdóttir, James Gordon Rice
BACKGROUND: The aim was to investigate the role of measured intellectual function in framing parents as 'unfit' in child custody deprivation cases. METHOD: Grounded theory was used to analyse a national sample of custody deprivation cases in Iceland 2002-2014. RESULTS: The terminology used to evaluate and describe the intellectual and developmental status of parents in child deprivation custody cases served as a device to define and shape the 'unfit parent'...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877025/medication-knowledge-of-patients-hospitalized-for-heart-failure-at-admission-and-after-discharge
#6
Florian Custodis, Franziska Rohlehr, Angelika Wachter, Michael Böhm, Martin Schulz, Ulrich Laufs
BACKGROUND: A substantial aspect of health literacy is the knowledge of prescribed medication. In chronic heart failure, incomplete intake of prescribed drugs (medication non-adherence) is inversely associated with clinical prognosis. Therefore, we assessed medication knowledge in a cohort of patients with decompensated heart failure at hospital admission and after discharge in a prospective, cross-sectional study. METHODS: One hundred and eleven patients presenting at the emergency department with acute decompensated heart failure were included (mean age 78...
2016: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868239/co-exposure-to-sunlight-enhances-the-toxicity-of-naturally-weathered-deepwater-horizon-oil-to-early-lifestage-red-drum-sciaenops-ocellatus-and-speckled-seatrout-cynoscion-nebulosus
#7
Matthew Alloy, Thomas Ross Garner, Kristin Bridges, Charles Mansfield, Michael Carney, Heather Forth, Michelle Krasnec, Claire Lay, Ryan Takeshita, Jeffrey Morris, Shane Bonnot, James Oris, Aaron Roberts
The 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill resulted in the accidental release of millions of barrels of crude oil into the Gulf of Mexico. Photo-induced toxicity following co-exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation is 1 mechanism by which polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) from oil spills may exert toxicity. Red drum and speckled seatrout are both important fishery resources in the Gulf of Mexico. They spawn near-shore and produce positively buoyant embryos that hatch into larvae in approximately 24 h. The goal of the present study was to determine whether exposure to UV as natural sunlight enhances the toxicity of crude oil to early lifestage red drum and speckled seatrout...
November 21, 2016: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865157/allegations-of-maltreatment-in-custody
#8
REVIEW
Hermann Vogel
BACKGROUND: Maltreatment in custody overlaps with torture. Concerned governments avoid informing. These governments withhold information and try to impose definitions. Therefore, reports often cannot be verified, with the consequence being classified as "allegation". The misery of a victim influences the recording. Engaged parties modify their reporting according to their intention. The difficulty to verify reports and the position of governments affects the perception and in consequence the presentation...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856922/surface-contamination-of-hazardous-drug-pharmacy-storage-bins-and-pharmacy-distributor-shipping-containers
#9
Kimberly A Redic, Kayleen Fang, Catherine Christen, Bruce W Chaffee
PURPOSE: This study was conducted to determine whether there is contamination on exterior drug packaging using shipping totes from the distributor and carousel storage bins as surrogate markers of external packaging contamination. METHODS: A two-part study was conducted to measure the presence of 5-fluorouracil, ifosfamide, cyclophosphamide, docetaxel and paclitaxel using surrogate markers for external drug packaging. In Part I, 10 drug distributor shipping totes designated for transport of hazardous drugs provided a snapshot view of contamination from regular use and transit in and out of the pharmacy...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855579/engaging-offenders-on-probation-in-health-research-lessons-from-the-field
#10
Coral Sirdifield, Sara Owen, Charlie Brooker
Background Offenders on probation are considered to be 'hard to reach' by researchers because probation is a 'closed setting' and engaging offenders in research can be problematic due to issues such as return to custody and chaotic lifestyles. Aim To share learning about the challenges encountered when undertaking research with offenders on probation in the UK, strategies for overcoming them and the implications for research design and outcomes. Discussion The authors identify challenges in gaining and maintaining access; recruitment; ethics; data collection and analysis; and dissemination of findings...
November 18, 2016: Nurse Researcher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833226/legal-terms-used-in-reception-order-and-their-relevance-to-judicial-process
#11
Nakkeerar Subramanian, Rajkumar Ramanathan, Venkatesh Madhan Kumar, Dhanabalan Kalingarayan Palayam Chellappan, Jeyaprakash Ramasamy
INTRODUCTION: Law governs the admission and management of involuntary admissions of mentally ill persons who are admitted under the provisions of the mental health act. The court directs the doctor to take charge of such persons. In the further dealings of such person the medical officer of the psychiatric facility comes across legal terms, which require understanding so that patients could be dealt with properly. Various terms such as accused, under police custody, judicial custody, remand prisoner, or under trial prisoner are used to denote their legal status...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822300/mental-health-problems-in-male-young-offenders-in-custodial-versus-community-based-programs-implications-for-juvenile-justice-interventions
#12
Daniel Rijo, Nélio Brazão, Ricardo Barroso, Diana Ribeiro da Silva, Paula Vagos, Ana Vieira, Ana Lavado, Ana Margarida Macedo
BACKGROUND: Young offenders are known to be a population with high prevalence of mental health disorders. In most cases, these disorders are neither identified nor treated properly, with the majority of them being chronic and difficult to treat. In many countries, the prevalence rates of psychopathology in male young offenders are still unknown and no psychotherapeutic interventions are delivered. Therefore, the main goal of the present study was to assess mental health problems in Portuguese male young offenders placed in either custodial or community-based programs and discuss treatment implications within the juvenile justice interventions...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817088/the-elephant-in-the-room-talking-race-in-medical-education
#13
Malika Sharma, Ayelet Kuper
The deaths of black men and women while in police custody, rising anti-immigrant sentiment and rhetoric in high-income countries, and the continued health disparities experienced by Indigenous communities globally have brought race and racism to the forefront of public discourse in recent years. In a context where academic health science centres are increasingly called to be "socially accountable," ignoring the larger social context of race and racism is something that medical education institutions can little afford to do...
November 5, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808522/randomized-control-trial-follow-up-online-program-and-waiting-period-for-unmarried-parents-in-title-iv-d-court
#14
Brittany N Rudd, Ani R Poladian, Amy Holtzworth-Munroe, Amy G Applegate, Brian M D'Onofrio
Despite a lack of research on parent programs for separating unmarried parents, many judicial officers mandate participation. Rudd, Holtzworth-Munroe, Reyome, Applegate, and D'Onofrio (2015) conducted the only randomized controlled trial of any online parent program for separating parents, ProudToParent.org (PTP), and related court processes (e.g., having a waiting period between the establishment of paternity and the court hearing regarding child related issues vs. having the hearing the same day). They recruited a unique sample of 182 cases in a Title IV-D Court (i...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805997/this-too-shall-pass-a-study-of-ingested-sharp-foreign-bodies
#15
Kirellos R Zamary, James W Davis, Emily E Ament, Rachel C Dirks, John E Garry
BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal foreign body (GFB) ingestion is a common problem and often results in surgical consultation. Current literature is limited to case reports and fails to provide data regarding the management of sharp GFB ingestion. We hypothesized that patients who ingest sharp objects rarely have perforation or obstruction requiring surgical intervention. METHODS: Patients presenting with GFBs from 1/05-12/15 at a level 1 trauma center with an acute care surgery program were retrospectively reviewed...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802790/zur-validit%C3%A3-t-der-deutschen-fassung-der-ados-2-unter-ber%C3%A3-cksichtigung-von-geschlechtseffekten
#16
Inge Kamp-Becker, Anika Langmann, Thomas Stehr, Katharina Custodis, Luise Poustka, Katja Becker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2, 2016: Zeitschrift Für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798322/systematic-review-of-health-and-behavioural-outcomes-of-smoking-cessation-interventions-in-prisons
#17
REVIEW
Dominique de Andrade, Stuart A Kinner
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a systematic review to examine the impact of smoking cessation interventions, including smoking bans, on prisoners and prison staff. DATA SOURCES: We systematically searched health and criminal justice databases for relevant studies. Search strings were used to combine terms related to smoking cessation interventions with terms related to incarceration. We used forward and backward snowballing to capture additional studies. STUDY SELECTION: Studies were included if: they were published between 1 January 1994 and 23 May 2016; the population was incarcerated adults and/or prison staff; they had a quantitative component; they were published in English; and they reported outcomes of a smoking cessation programme/ban with regard to reported change in smoking behaviour and/or behavioural outcomes...
October 18, 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792977/parenthood-among-patients-with-psychotic-disorders-gender-differences-in-a-non-selective-clinical-sample
#18
Beate Schrank, Tamara Rumpold, Andrea Gmeiner, Stefan Priebe, Martin Aigner
A large proportion of people with psychotic disorders have children and also live with them. However, research has rarely studied this in clinical populations and included male patients. This exploratory study used routine data of all 709 patients with a psychotic disorder treated in a psychiatric inpatient service in Austria between 2012 and 2015. Socio-demographic and clinical characteristics, number and age of children, and living arrangements were assessed and analysed. More female patients than male patients had children in the total sample (56% vs...
October 17, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790150/excited-delirium-and-sudden-death-a-syndromal-disorder-at-the-extreme-end-of-the-neuropsychiatric-continuum
#19
REVIEW
Deborah C Mash
Over the past decade, the excited delirium syndrome (ExDS) has raised continued controversy regarding the cause and manner of death of some highly agitated persons held in police custody, restrained or incapacitated by electrical devices. At autopsy, medical examiners have difficulty in identifying an anatomic cause of death, but frequently cite psychostimulant intoxication as a contributing factor. The characteristic symptoms of ExDS include bizarre and aggressive behavior, shouting, paranoia, panic, violence toward others, unexpected physical strength, and hyperthermia...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778436/social-capital-strategies-to-enhance-hepatitis-c-treatment-awareness-and-uptake-among-men-in-prison
#20
L Lafferty, C Treloar, J Guthrie, G M Chambers, T Butler
Prisoner populations are characterized by high rates of hepatitis C (HCV), up to thirty times that of the general population in Australia. Within Australian prisons, less than 1% of eligible inmates access treatment. Public health strategies informed by social capital could be important in addressing this inequality in access to HCV treatment. Twenty-eight male inmates participated in qualitative interviews across three correctional centres in New South Wales, Australia. All participants had recently tested as HCV RNA positive or were receiving HCV treatment...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
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