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Parental attunement

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168023/oxytocin-and-parenting-behavior-among-impoverished-mothers-with-low-vs-high-early-life-stress
#1
Megan M Julian, Katherine L Rosenblum, Jenalee R Doom, Christy Y Y Leung, Julie C Lumeng, Michelle Gómez Cruz, Delia M Vazquez, Alison L Miller
Recent work suggests that key aspects of sensitive parenting (e.g., warmth, emotional attunement) may be shaped in part by biology, specifically the neuropeptide oxytocin. However, some studies have found that oxytocin may not act in expected ways in higher-risk populations (e.g., those with postnatal depression or borderline personality disorder). This study examined the relation between oxytocin and parenting among mothers with varying levels of early life stress. Forty low-income mothers and their 34- to 48-month-old child participated in this study...
November 22, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161173/a-relational-ethics-framework-for-advancing-practice-with-children-with-complex-health-care-needs-and-their-parents
#2
Franco A Carnevale, Gail Teachman, Aline Bogossian
Children with complex health care needs are an emerging population that commonly requires long-term supportive services. A growing body of evidence has highlighted that these children and their families experience significant challenges. Many of these challenges involve ethical concerns that have been under-recognized. In this article, we (a) outline ethical concerns that arise in clinical practice with children with complex health care needs and their families (e.g.: exclusion of children's voices in discussions and decisions that affect them; difficulties in defining their best interests; clashes across the array of social roles that parents manage; limited recognition of the ethical significance of parents' and other family members' interests) and (b) propose a relational ethics framework for addressing these concerns...
November 21, 2017: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159486/program-components-of-psychosocial-interventions-in-foster-and-kinship-care-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Jacqueline Kemmis-Riggs, Adam Dickes, John McAloon
Foster children frequently experience early trauma that significantly impacts their neurobiological, psychological and social development. This systematic review examines the comparative effectiveness of foster and kinship care interventions. It examines the components within each intervention, exploring their potential to benefit child and carer well-being, particularly focussing on child behaviour problems, and relational functioning. Systematic searches of electronic databases included PsycINFO, MEDLINE, Web of Science Core Collection, the Cochrane Collaborations Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) and Scopus to identify randomised or quasi-randomised trials of psychosocial foster/kinship care interventions, published between 1990 and 2016...
November 20, 2017: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154569/the-social-transmission-of-risk-maternal-stress-physiology-synchronous-parenting-and-well-being-mediate-the-effects-of-war-exposure-on-child-psychopathology
#4
Galit Halevi, Amir Djalovski, Yaniv Kanat-Maymon, Karen Yirmiya, Orna Zagoory-Sharon, Lee Koren, Ruth Feldman
While chronic early stress increases child susceptibility to psychopathology, risk and resilience trajectories are shaped by maternal social influences whose role requires much further research in longitudinal studies. We examined the social transmission of risk by assessing paths leading from war-exposure to child symptoms as mediated by 3 sources of maternal social influence; stress physiology, synchronous parenting, and psychiatric disorder. Mothers and children living in a zone of continuous war were assessed in early childhood (1...
November 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145501/a-comparison-of-indigenous-and-non-indigenous-survivors-of-sexual-assault-and-their-receipt-of-and-satisfaction-with-specialized-health-care-services
#5
Janice Du Mont, Daisy Kosa, Sheila Macdonald, Anita Benoit, Tonia Forte
In Canada, Indigenous women are more likely than non-Indigenous women to be survivors of sexual assault and experience sexual assaults that are more serious in terms of physical injury and other health-related consequences. Despite their related needs for care and support, there is a paucity of research to date that has examined their uptake of specialized acute health services post sexual assault. To address this gap, we explored the presentation, sociodemographic, assailant, assault, and service use characteristics of Indigenous women, as compared to non-Indigenous adult and adolescent women aged 12 and older presenting to 30 of 35 hospital-based sexual assault treatment centres in Ontario from 2009 to 2011, using bivariate analyses...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062285/perceived-social-change-parental-control-and-family-relations-a-comparison-of-chinese-families-in-hong-kong-mainland-china-and-the-united-states
#6
Joey Fung, Joanna J Kim, Joel Jin, Qiaobing Wu, Chao Fang, Anna S Lau
This study examined the relationship between perceived social change, parental control and family relations in a sample of 419 4th and 5th grade children and their mothers who are of Chinese descent but reside in three different contexts: Los Angeles (LA), Hong Kong (HK), and Beijing (BJ). HK mothers endorsed the highest levels of psychological control and the lowest levels of autonomy support compared to BJ and LA mothers. Perceived social change as measured by mothers' endorsement of new values and ideologies was associated with increased use of both autonomy support and psychological control...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057469/beyond-lots-of-hugs-and-kisses-expressions-of-parental-love-from-parents-and-their-young-children-in-two-parent-financially-stable-families
#7
Allen K Sabey, Amy J Rauer, Megan L Haselschwerdt, Brenda Volling
Given that parental love is essential for children's optimal development, the current study gathered examples of how parental love was demonstrated within parent-child relationships. Fifty-eight two-parent, financially stable families consisting of a mother, father, and young child (3-7 years old) from the Midwest were interviewed regarding how they demonstrated or perceived parental love. Results from an inductive thematic analysis revealed considerable variability in how parental love was demonstrated, with five themes emerging that overlapped between parents and their children: playing or doing activities together, demonstrating affection, creating structure, helping or supporting, and giving gifts or treats...
October 22, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057468/parent-child-attunement-moderates-the-prospective-link-between-parental-overcontrol-and-adolescent-adjustment
#8
Kelly F Miller, Jessica L Borelli, Gayla Margolin
Parental overcontrol (OC), behavior that intrusively or dominantly restricts child autonomy, has been identified as a transdiagnostic risk factor for youth. However, it is as yet unknown whether the association between parental OC and child maladjustment remains even when OC is exerted infrequently or by attuned parents. Rather, the selective use of OC might steer children away from danger. Taking a developmental psychopathology approach, this study focuses on the larger parent-child relationship context, testing whether either the dose at which parents demonstrate OC or the degree to which children perceive their parents as attuned determines whether OC is risky or protective for adolescents' adjustment...
October 22, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936187/parent-child-discrepancy-on-children-s-body-weight-perception-the-role-of-attachment-security
#9
Arcangelo Uccula, Gianfranco Nuvoli
The discrepancies between parents and their children on the description of the behavior and representations of their children have been shown in various studies. Other researchers have reported the parents' difficulty in correctly identifying the weight status of their children. The purpose of our study was to investigate the parent's attributional accuracy on their children's body weight perception in relation to the children attachment security. It was hypothesized that insecure children's parents have a greater discrepancy with their children compared to secure children with their parents...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925341/physiological-attunement-in-mother-infant-dyads-at-clinical-high-risk-the-influence-of-maternal-depression-and-positive-parenting
#10
Cassandra L Hendrix, Zachary N Stowe, D Jeffrey Newport, Patricia A Brennan
A growing number of research studies have examined the intradyadic coregulation (or attunement) of hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis functioning in mothers and their children. However, it is unclear how early this coregulation may be present in dyads at clinical high risk and whether certain factors, such as maternal depression or positive parenting, are associated with the strength of this coregulation. The present study examined cortisol attunement within mother-infant dyads in a high-risk sample of 233 mothers who received treatment for psychiatric illness during pregnancy and whose infants were 6 months old at the study visit...
September 19, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853312/-unpacking-father-involvement-in-the-context-of-childhood-neurodisability-research-a-scoping-review
#11
Aline Bogossian, Gillian King, Lucyna M Lach, Melissa Currie, David Nicholas, Ted McNeill, Michael Saini
BACKGROUND: In the past thirty years, theoretical and empirical scholarship on father involvement has emerged and firmly established itself. Efforts to define, measure, and explore outcomes related to father involvement in the context of childhood neurodisability are evident but less well established. The purpose of this study was to systematically map empirical studies on father involvement in the context of childhood neurodisability in order to delineate the current state of research and to highlight profitable directions for future research...
August 30, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831937/-pain-reduction-during-vaccination-of-young-children
#12
B van Vreeswijk, N G P Bos-Veneman, S A Reijneveld
- Children have the right to pain mitigation during vaccination.- There are several simple, non-costly and safe interventions to effectively reduce pain during vaccination.- To improve the Dutch vaccination praxis, it is essential to train professionals in the use of these interventions.- Using the vaccination technique described in the guideline of the Dutch National Immunisation Programme results in pain reduction.- As a pain-reducing intervention at every vaccination procedure, the healthcare professional can give the child and parents a feeling of being in control by explaining about the vaccination procedure, pain and pain reduction and by vaccinating in calm, low-stimulus surroundings...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813258/the-added-value-of-rodent-models-in-studying-parental-influence-on-offspring-development-opportunities-limitations-and-future-perspectives
#13
REVIEW
Jelle Knop, Marian Joëls, Rixt van der Veen
Over the past decades, the influence of parental care on offspring development has been a topic of extensive research in both human and animal models. Rodent models offer several unique advantages over human studies, allowing for higher levels of environmental control, exploration of interventions, genetic control and examination of underlying neurobiological mechanisms in greater spatiotemporal detail. Although exploitation of these opportunities has led to increased understanding of the neurobiological mechanisms underlying susceptibility to the early-life environment, translation of results to human parenting and child development appears to be challenging...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813254/adapting-to-the-changing-needs-of-adolescents-parenting-practices-and-challenges-to-sensitive-attunement
#14
REVIEW
Roger Kobak, Caroline Abbott, Abigail Zisk, Nadia Bounoua
Changes in adolescents' motivations and capabilities pose unique challenges to parents who play a continuing role in ensuring the youth's safety and well-being. We describe sensitively attuned parenting as an optimal response to this challenge and summarize practices of positive engagement, supervision/guidance and open communication that support sensitive attunement and facilitate the continuing development of the adolescent's self-confidence, autonomous decision-making, and communication skills. We then consider factors that require parents to adapt their practices to the particular needs and developmental level of the adolescent...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608542/hpa-axis-linkage-in-parent-child-dyads-effects-of-parent-sex-autism-spectrum-diagnosis-and-dyadic-relationship-behavior
#15
Darby E Saxbe, Ofer Golan, Sharon Ostfeld-Etzion, Yael Hirschler-Guttenberg, Orna Zagoory-Sharon, Ruth Feldman
Families of preschoolers participated in two dyadic home visits, once with mother (56 dyads) and once with father (59 dyads). Each member of the dyad provided three cortisol samples and participated in several interaction tasks that were behaviorally coded. Approximately half of the children had been diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), whereas half were typically developing (TD). In a multilevel model, father's cortisol level at each timepoint predicted child cortisol. Father-child linkage was stronger in dyads that showed less reciprocity, in which fathers showed less sensitivity, and in which children showed less self-regulation and more withdrawal...
September 2017: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554785/mind-mindedness-of-male-and-female-caregivers-in-childcare-and-the-relation-to-sensitivity-and-attachment-an-exploratory-study
#16
Cristina Colonnesi, Marleen van Polanen, Louis W C Tavecchio, Ruben G Fukkink
Mind-mindedness refers to the caregiver's ability to be attuned to the child's mental states. Within the parent-child relationship, mind-mindedness relates to parents' sensitive caregiving, and to children's secure attachment. However, the same relations are still unexplored in out-of-home care settings. We investigated the associations between childcare professionals' mind-mindedness, sensitive responsiveness and respect for autonomy, and child-caregiver attachment security. Moreover, we examined whether these relations are influenced by caregivers' and children's gender...
August 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513182/-it-just-opens-up-their-world-autism-empathy-and-the-therapeutic-effects-of-equine-interactions
#17
Roslyn Malcolm, Stefan Ecks, Martyn Pickersgill
Experiences of autism-spectrum disorder are now increasingly studied by social scientists. Human-animal relations have also become a major focus of social inquiry in recent years. Examining horse-assisted therapy for autistic spectrum disorders, this is the first paper that brings these fields together. Drawing on participant observation and interviews at a UK horse therapy Centre, this article examines how staff and the parents of riders account for the successes and limitations of equine therapy. To the respondents, horses 'open up' autistic children and make possible interactions that seemed impossible before...
May 17, 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494167/-my-whole-life-is-ethics-ordinary-ethics-and-gene-therapy-clinical-trials
#18
Courtney Addison, Jesper Lassen
What and where is ethics in gene therapy? Historical debates have identified a set of ethical issues with the field, and current regulatory systems presume a discrete ethics that can be achieved or protected. Resisting attempts at demarcation or resolution, we use the notions of "ordinary" or "everyday" ethics to develop a better understanding of the complexities of experimental gene therapy for patients, families, and practitioners and create richer imaginings of ethics in the gene therapy sphere. Drawing on ethnographic research in several clinical trials, we show that patients/parents can acquire some control in difficult medical situations, and practitioners can attune their care to their patients' needs...
October 2017: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447471/how-does-video-interaction-guidance-contribute-to-infant-and-parental-mental-health-and-well-being
#19
Hilary Kennedy, Kevin Ball, Jane Barlow
This article describes the contribution of video interaction guidance (VIG) to the development of infant and parental and VIG practitioners' mental health and well-being. The theoretical core of VIG was depicted in terms of concepts such as intersubjectivity, attunement and mediated learning. The way the VIG principles alongside the underpinning values and beliefs promote a process of attunement between parent and infant, the VIG practitioner and parent, and the VIG practitioner and supervisor is described...
April 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159138/working-toward-family-attunement-family-therapy-with-transgender-and-gender-nonconforming-children-and-adolescents
#20
REVIEW
Deborah Coolhart, Daran L Shipman
Families of transgender and gender-nonconforming youth often seek therapy for assistance in understanding, accepting, and supporting their child. This article describes a gender-affirmative approach to family therapy and outlines strategies for addressing common challenges faced by the families of transgender and gender-nonconforming youth. Therapy begins by assessing family attunement and working with parents, siblings, and other family members to better support the youth. Once family attunement is achieved, therapy can begin to explore options for gender expression and/or transition...
March 2017: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
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