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Parental emotional availability

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781634/household-chaos-and-family-sleep-during-infants-first-year
#1
Corey J Whitesell, Brian Crosby, Thomas F Anders, Douglas M Teti
Household chaos has been linked with dysregulated family and individual processes. The present study investigated linkages between household chaos and infant and parent sleep, a self-regulated process impacted by individual, social, and environmental factors. Studies of relations between household chaos and child sleep have focused on older children and teenagers, with little attention given to infants or parent sleep. This study examines these relationships using objective measures of household chaos and sleep while controlling for, respectively, maternal emotional availability at bedtime and martial adjustment, in infant and parent sleep...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781393/emotional-availability-scale-among-three-u-s-race-ethnic-groups
#2
Della J Derscheid, Louis F Fogg, Wrenetha Julion, Mary E Johnson, Sharon Tucker, Kathleen R Delaney
This study used a cross-sectional design to conduct a subgroup psychometric analysis of the Emotional Availability Scale among matched Hispanic ( n = 20), African American ( n = 20), and European American ( n = 10) English-speaking mother-child dyads in the United States. Differences by race/ethnicity were tested ( p < .05) among (a) Emotional Availability Scale dimensions with ANOVA, and (b) relationships of Emotional Availability Scale dimensions with select Dyadic Parent-Child Interaction Coding System variables with Pearson correlation and matched moderated regression...
May 1, 2018: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779452/a-systematic-review-of-reviews-of-the-outcome-of-severe-neglect-in-underresourced-childcare-institutions
#3
Alan Carr, Hollie Duff, Fiona Craddock
The aim of the systematic review described in this article was to determine the outcomes for individuals exposed to severe neglect in congregate care institutions such as orphanages. In this context, severe neglect refers to failure to meet children's basic physical, developmental, and emotional needs due to inadequate resources. In this systematic review of previous systematic reviews and meta-analyses, searches of 10 databases were conducted, 18 papers that met inclusion and exclusion criteria were selected for review, their quality was assessed, and data were extracted and synthesized...
January 1, 2018: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772307/family-environment-interacts-with-crhr1-rs17689918-to-predict-mental-health-and-behavioral-outcomes
#4
Arunima Roy, Kariina Laas, Triin Kurrikoff, Andreas Reif, Toomas Veidebaum, Klaus-Peter Lesch, Jaanus Harro
BACKGROUND: Corticotrophin-releasing hormone receptor-1 gene (CRHR1) variants have been implicated in mental health. However, little is known of the effects of CRHR1 on long-term mental health and behavior in presence of environmental stressors. We assess the effects of CRHR1 variant (rs17689918)-by-environment interactions on emotionality and behavioral traits, including anxiety, depression, aggression and antisocial behaviors. We also determine effects of rs17689918-by-environment-by-sex interactions on the above-mentioned outcomes...
May 14, 2018: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757800/are-you-there-for-me-joint-engagement-and-emotional-availability-in-parent-child-interactions-for-toddlers-with-moderate-hearing-loss
#5
Evelien Dirks, Carolien Rieffe
OBJECTIVES: This study examined joint engagement and emotional availability of parent-child interactions for toddlers with moderate hearing loss (MHL) compared with toddlers with normal hearing (NH) and in relation to children's language abilities. DESIGN: The participants in this study were 25 children with MHL (40 to 60 dB hearing loss) and 26 children with NH (mean age: 33.3 months). The children and their parents were filmed during a 10-minute free play session in their homes...
May 11, 2018: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746604/a-description-of-externally-recorded-womb-sounds-in-human-subjects-during-gestation
#6
Joanna J Parga, Robert Daland, Kalpashri Kesavan, Paul M Macey, Lonnie Zeltzer, Ronald M Harper
OBJECTIVE: Reducing environmental noise benefits premature infants in neonatal intensive care units (NICU), but excessive reduction may lead to sensory deprivation, compromising development. Instead of minimal noise levels, environments that mimic intrauterine soundscapes may facilitate infant development by providing a sound environment reflecting fetal life. This soundscape may support autonomic and emotional development in preterm infants. We aimed to assess the efficacy and feasibility of external non-invasive recordings in pregnant women, endeavoring to capture intra-abdominal or womb sounds during pregnancy with electronic stethoscopes and build a womb sound library to assess sound trends with gestational development...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733245/the-fit-between-emotion-regulation-choice-and-individual-resources-is-associated-with-adaptive-functioning-among-young-children
#7
Shirel Dorman Ilan, Noa Tamuz, Gal Sheppes
Being able to resist temptation at a young age is crucial for successful functioning yet it can be challenging. According to the Selection, Optimization, and Compensation with Emotion Regulation (SOC-ER) framework, one central element of successful functioning is selection which involves choosing among regulatory options whose resource requirements fits with the amount of available resources an individual possesses. Although conceptually important, direct empirical evidence is lacking. Accordingly, the present study utilised performance based measures to examine the interactive effect of regulatory selection to resist temptation, and individual differences in executive resources, on functioning in young children...
May 7, 2018: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717630/knowledge-and-causal-attributions-for-mental-disorders-in-hiv-positive-children-and-adolescents-results-from-rural-and-urban-uganda
#8
W Nalukenge, F Martin, J Seeley, E Kinyanda
Increasing availability of antiretroviral treatment (ART) has led HIV to be considered a chronic disease, shifting attention to focus on quality of life including mental wellbeing. We investigated knowledge and causal attributions for mental disorders in HIV-positive children and adolescents in rural and urban Uganda. This qualitative study was nested in an epidemiological mental health study among HIV-positive children and adolescents aged 5-17 years in rural and urban Uganda. In-depth interviews were conducted with caregivers of HIV-positive children (5-11 years) and adolescents (12-17 years) in HIV care...
May 2, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709055/interventions-for-investigating-and-identifying-the-causes-of-stillbirth
#9
REVIEW
Aleena M Wojcieszek, Emily Shepherd, Philippa Middleton, Glenn Gardener, David A Ellwood, Elizabeth M McClure, Katherine J Gold, Teck Yee Khong, Robert M Silver, Jan Jaap Hm Erwich, Vicki Flenady
BACKGROUND: Identification of the causes of stillbirth is critical to the primary prevention of stillbirth and to the provision of optimal care in subsequent pregnancies. A wide variety of investigations are available, but there is currently no consensus on the optimal approach. Given their cost and potential to add further emotional burden to parents, there is a need to systematically assess the effect of these interventions on outcomes for parents, including psychosocial outcomes, economic costs, and on rates of diagnosis of the causes of stillbirth...
April 30, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703226/individualised-short-term-therapy-for-adolescents-impaired-by-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-despite-previous-routine-care-treatment-escaadol-study-protocol-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial-within-the-consortium-escalife
#10
Julia Geissler, Thomas Jans, Tobias Banaschewski, Katja Becker, Tobias Renner, Daniel Brandeis, Manfred Döpfner, Christina Dose, Christopher Hautmann, Martin Holtmann, Carolin Jenkner, Sabina Millenet, Marcel Romanos
BACKGROUND: Despite the high persistence rate of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) throughout the lifespan, there is a considerable gap in knowledge regarding effective treatment strategies for adolescents with ADHD. This group in particular often shows substantial psychosocial impairment, low compliance and insufficient response to psychopharmacological interventions. Effective and feasible treatments should further consider the developmental shift in ADHD symptoms, comorbidity and psychosocial adversity as well as family dysfunction...
April 27, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661170/-people-look-and-ask-lots-of-questions-caregivers-perceptions-of-healthcare-provision-and-support-for-children-born-with-cleft-lip-and-palate
#11
Phumzile Hlongwa, Laetitia C Rispel
BACKGROUND: Clefting of the lip and/or palate (CL/P) is amongst the five most common birth defects reported in South Africa. The emotional impact on parents at the birth of their new-born with CL/P could affect parent-child relationships. In light of insufficient scholarly attention parental experiences and perceptions, this study reports on caregivers' perceptions of health service provision and support for children born with cleft lip and palate in South Africa. METHODS: The study setting consisted of 11 academic hospital centres situated in six of South Africa's nine provinces...
April 16, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651928/rural-postpartum-women-with-substance-use-disorders
#12
Debra Kramlich, Rebecca Kronk, Lenora Marcellus, Alison Colbert, Karen Jakub
The incidence of perinatal opioid use and neonatal withdrawal continues to rise rapidly in the face of the growing opioid addiction epidemic in the United States, with rural areas more severely affected. Despite decades of research and development of practice guidelines, maternal and neonatal outcomes have not improved substantially. This focused ethnography sought to understand the experience of accessing care necessary for substance use disorder recovery, pregnancy, and parenting. Personal accounts of 13 rural women, supplemented by participant observation and media artifacts, uncovered three domains with underlying themes: challenges of getting treatment and care (service availability, distance/geographic location, transportation, provider collaboration/coordination, physical and emotional safety), opportunities to bond (proximity, information), and importance of relationships (respect, empathy, familiarity, inclusion, interactions with care providers)...
April 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627285/the-pediatric-inventory-for-parents-swedish-translation-and-psychometric-testing
#13
Cecilia Olsson, Maria Björk, Anders Ringnér
The Pediatric Inventory for Parents (PIP) measures parental stress related to caring for a child with an illness. However, no Swedish translation is available. PURPOSE: This study reports a Swedish translation of the PIP and psychometric properties of the instrument. DESIGN AND METHODS: This is a descriptive/methodological paper. The PIP was translated and culturally adapted to Swedish, and comprehensibility was tested. Data were collected twice from 48 parents of children with different illnesses, and initial psychometric properties of the instrument were examined...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627284/blogs-written-by-families-during-their-child-s-hospitalization-a-thematic-narrative-analysis
#14
Carolyn W Jones, Mary R Lynn
PURPOSE: To identify stressors experienced by parents whose child is hospitalized in an intensive care unit, and identify coping mechanisms utilized to ameliorate those stressors. DESIGN AND METHODS: Using Lazarus and Folkman's Transactional Model of Stress and Coping as a framework, 20 publicly available blogs written by parents while their child was a patient in intensive care were analyzed using thematic analysis techniques. Stressors and coping techniques were identified, and grouped by theme for further analysis...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607739/parenting-after-stroke-a-systematic-review
#15
Gabrielle M Harris, Janet Prvu Bettger
Background Stroke is a leading cause of disability in the United States, resulting in physical, cognitive, and emotional impairments. One in ten strokes occur in adults younger than 50 years of age and the incidence has increased approximately 44% from 2000 to 2010. Young adult survivors have specific needs related to their developmental stage including childcare responsibilities. Despite the high value placed on parenting by society, parenting is currently not assessed at any stage of stroke rehabilitation...
April 2, 2018: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593583/attachment-to-parents-as-a-moderator-in-the-association-between-sibling-bullying-and-depression-or-suicidal-ideation-among-children-and-adolescents
#16
Jasmin Bar-Zomer, Anat Brunstein Klomek
Bullying is one of the most widespread phenomenon in childhood and adolescence. Interestingly, most research on bullying focuses on bullying at school and not on bullying among siblings at home. Sibling bullying is the most frequent form of repeated aggression that children experience in their lifetime. Furthermore, previous studies indicate that sibling bullying is associated with depression and self-harm behavior. However, the association between sibling bullying and suicidal ideation was never previously examined...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584562/identifying-the-correlates-and-barriers-of-future-planning-among-parents-of-individuals-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities
#17
Meghan Burke, Catherine Arnold, Aleksa Owen
Although individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) are living longer lives, fewer than half of parents of individuals with IDD conduct future planning. The correlates and barriers to future planning must be identified to develop targeted interventions to facilitate future planning. In this study, 388 parents of individuals with IDD responded to a national, web-based survey. Participants who were older, more educated, attended more parent training and support activities, and had children with fewer functional abilities, were more likely to engage in future planning...
April 2018: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567485/attachment-quality-of-children-with-id-and-its-link-to-maternal-sensitivity-and-structuring
#18
Rinat Feniger-Schaal, Tirtsa Joels
BACKGROUND: Attachment theory produced a fertile field of research and clinical application. Although the topic of attachment of children with intellectual disability (ID) has received increasing research attention over the past 15 years, the empirical evidence is still limited. AIMS: We applied theoretical and empirical knowledge of parenting typically developing children to examine the mother-child relationship in the ID population. The aim was to examine maternal sensitivity and structuring and its association with children's attachment classification and their disability...
March 19, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544465/health-related-quality-of-life-of-the-parents-of-children-hospitalized-due-to-acute-rotavirus-infection-a-cross-sectional-study-in-latvia
#19
Gunta Laizane, Anda Kivite, Inese Stars, Marita Cikovska, Ilze Grope, Dace Gardovska
BACKGROUND: Rotavirus is the leading cause of severe diarrhea in young children and infants worldwide, representing a heavy public health burden. Limited information is available regarding the impact of rotavirus gastroenteritis on the quality of life of affected children and their families. The objectives of study were to estimate the impact of rotavirus infection on health-related quality of life (HRQL), to assess the social and emotional effects on the families of affected children...
March 15, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515483/testing-an-attachment-based-parenting-intervention-vipp-fc-a-in-adoptive-families-with-post-institutionalized-children-do-maternal-sensitivity-and-genetic-markers-count
#20
Lavinia Barone, Virginia Barone, Antonio Dellagiulia, Francesca Lionetti
This study investigated the effectiveness of a newly integrated version of an intervention targeting adoptive mothers' positive parenting for promoting children's emotional availability, by testing the moderating role of both two maternal genetic polymorphisms (i.e., 5HTTLPR and DRD4-VNTR) and emotional availability-EA on intervention outcomes. Mothers with their children ( N = 80; M age = 42.73 years, SD = 3.79; M age = 33.18 months, SD = 16.83 months) participated in a RCT testing the Video-Feedback Intervention to Promote Positive Parenting and Sensitive Discipline-VIPP-FC/A effectiveness...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
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