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Parental emotional availability

Gunta Laizane, Anda Kivite, Inese Stars, Marita Cikovska, Ilze Grope, Dace Gardovska
BACKGROUND: Rotavirus is the leading cause of severe diarrhea in young children and infants worldwide, representing a heavy public health burden. Limited information is available regarding the impact of rotavirus gastroenteritis on the quality of life of affected children and their families. The objectives of study were to estimate the impact of rotavirus infection on health-related quality of life (HRQL), to assess the social and emotional effects on the families of affected children...
March 15, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
Lavinia Barone, Virginia Barone, Antonio Dellagiulia, Francesca Lionetti
This study investigated the effectiveness of a newly integrated version of an intervention targeting adoptive mothers' positive parenting for promoting children's emotional availability, by testing the moderating role of both two maternal genetic polymorphisms (i.e., 5HTTLPR and DRD4-VNTR) and emotional availability-EA on intervention outcomes. Mothers with their children ( N = 80; M age = 42.73 years, SD = 3.79; M age = 33.18 months, SD = 16.83 months) participated in a RCT testing the Video-Feedback Intervention to Promote Positive Parenting and Sensitive Discipline-VIPP-FC/A effectiveness...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Michael G Sawyer, Christy E Reece, Alyssa Cp Sawyer, Sarah E Johnson, Harriet Hiscock, David Lawrence
OBJECTIVE: To identify the percentage of 4-17 year olds with mental disorders in Australia who attended health professionals for single or repeat visits to get help for emotional and behavioural problems during a 12-month period. To identify factors associated with single and repeat visits, and the average length of time between visits. To compare the number of parent-reported visits with visits recorded in the Medicare Benefits Schedule. METHOD: The study used data from the national survey of the mental health and wellbeing of 4-17 year olds conducted in 2013-2014 ( n = 6310)...
March 1, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
Ute Deutz, Nicole Heussen, Katharina Weigt-Usinger, Steffen Leiz, Christa Raabe, Tilman Polster, Steinbüchel Daniela, Christine Moll, Thomas Lücke, Ingeborg Krägeloh-Mann, Helmut Hollmann, Martin Häusler
This study investigated the effect of hippotherapy on gross motor function (Gross Motor Function Measure [GMFM]-66, GMFM dimension E and D) and quality of life (Child Health Questionnaire [CHQ 28], KIDSCREEN-27 parental versions) in children with bilateral spastic cerebral palsy. Seventy-three children (age: 9.1 ± 3.3 years; male = 44; GMFCS levels II = 27; III = 17; IV = 29) were randomized to an early ( n  = 35) or late ( n  = 38) treatment group. Data from 66 probands were available for further analysis...
February 27, 2018: Neuropediatrics
Andrea Fossati, Antonella Somma
People having intimate relationships with persons suffering from borderline personality disorder (BPD) - for instance, members of their family - are likely to be involved in stormy, roller coaster relationships. Thus, they may feel overwhelmed by extreme, unpredictable feelings and situations, even when they do not suffer from any mental disorder or have no problems with mentalization. As a consequence of living with a BPD relative, family members often experience an emotional and financial burden, and may blame themselves for their relative's illness or for not being able to do more to help...
February 27, 2018: Psychopathology
Daniel Flynn, Mary Kells, Mary Joyce, Catalina Suarez, Conall Gillespie
BACKGROUND: In the Republic of Ireland, borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a feature of approximately 11-20% of clinical presentations to outpatient clinics within mental health services. These estimates are similar to other countries including the UK and USA. Dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT) is an intervention with a growing body of evidence that demonstrates its efficacy in treating individuals diagnosed with BPD. While a number of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) have demonstrated the efficacy of DBT, there is limited research which evaluates the effectiveness of this model when applied to real world settings...
February 26, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Jacobien H F Oosterhoff, Rens Bexkens, Ana-Maria Vranceanu, Luke S Oh
BACKGROUND: Although a parent's perception of his or her child's physical and emotional functioning may influence the course of the child's medical care, including access to care and decisions regarding treatment options, no studies have investigated whether the perceptions of a parent are concordant with that of an adolescent diagnosed with a sports-related orthopaedic injury. Identifying and understanding the potential discordance in coping and emotional distress within the athlete adolescent-parent dyads are important, because this discordance may have negative effects on adolescents' well-being...
February 14, 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Emma J Thompson, Miriam H Beauchamp, Simone J Darling, Stephen J C Hearps, Amy Brown, George Charalambous, Louise Crossley, David Darby, Julian J Dooley, Mardee Greenham, Mohinder Jaimangal, Skye McDonald, Frank Muscara, Lyn Turkstra, Vicki A Anderson
BACKGROUND: Humans are by nature a social species, with much of human experience spent in social interaction. Unsurprisingly, social functioning is crucial to well-being and quality of life across the lifespan. While early intervention for social problems appears promising, our ability to identify the specific impairments underlying their social problems (eg, social communication) is restricted by a dearth of accurate, ecologically valid and comprehensive child-direct assessment tools...
February 8, 2018: BMJ Open
Lisa Hurt, Shantini Paranjothy, Patricia Jane Lucas, Debbie Watson, Mala Mann, Lucy J Griffiths, Samuel Ginja, Tapio Paljarvi, Jo Williams, Mark A Bellis, Raghu Lingam
BACKGROUND: Experiences in the first 1000 days of life have a critical influence on child development and health. Health services that provide support for families need evidence about how best to improve their provision. METHODS: We systematically reviewed the evidence for interventions in high-income countries to improve child development by enhancing health service contact with parents from the antenatal period to 24 months postpartum. We searched 15 databases and trial registers for studies published in any language between 01 January 1996 and 01 April 2016...
February 8, 2018: BMJ Open
Pietro Gambadauro, Vladimir Carli, Gergö Hadlaczky, Marco Sarchiapone, Alan Apter, Judit Balazs, Raphaela Banzer, Julio Bobes, Romuald Brunner, Doina Cosman, Luca Farkas, Christian Haring, Christina W Hoven, Michael Kaess, Jean Pierre Kahn, Elaine McMahon, Vita Postuvan, Merike Sisask, Airi Värnik, Nusa Zadravec Sedivy, Danuta Wasserman
BACKGROUND: Sexuality is a physiological component of adolescent development, though early initiation is associated with reproductive health risk. This study aimed at identifying correlates and predictors of sexual initiation in a large multinational cohort of European adolescents. METHODS: A questionnaire addressing socio-demographics, behaviours, mental health and sexual activity, was delivered to 11,110 adolescents recruited from 168 randomly selected schools in 10 European countries between 2009 and 2011...
2018: PloS One
Tom Jefferson, Alessandro Rivetti, Carlo Di Pietrantonj, Vittorio Demicheli
BACKGROUND: The consequences of influenza in children and adults are mainly absenteeism from school and work. However, the risk of complications is greatest in children and people over 65 years of age. This is an update of a review published in 2011. Future updates of this review will be made only when new trials or vaccines become available. Observational data included in previous versions of the review have been retained for historical reasons but have not been updated because of their lack of influence on the review conclusions...
February 1, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Rebecca B Lawn, Emma L Anderson, Matthew Suderman, Andrew J Simpkin, Tom R Gaunt, Andrew E Teschendorff, Martin Widschwendter, Rebecca Hardy, Diana Kuh, Caroline L Relton, Laura D Howe
Psychosocial adversity in childhood (e.g. abuse) and low socioeconomic position (SEP) can have significant lasting effects on social and health outcomes. DNA methylation-based biomarkers are highly correlated with chronological age; departures of methylation-predicted age from chronological age can be used to define a measure of age acceleration, which may represent a potential biological mechanism linking environmental exposures to later health outcomes. Using data from two cohorts of women (the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, ALSPAC, N = 989 and MRC National Survey of Health and Development, NSHD, N = 773), we assessed associations of SEP, psychosocial adversity in childhood (parental physical or mental illness or death, parental separation, parental absence, sub-optimal maternal bonding, sexual, emotional and physical abuse and neglect) and a cumulative score of these psychosocial adversity measures, with DNA methylation age acceleration in adulthood (measured in peripheral blood at mean chronological ages 29 and 47 in ALSPAC and buccal cells at age 53 in NSHD)...
January 22, 2018: Human Molecular Genetics
Shefaly Shorey, Yvonne Peng Mei Ng, An Ling Siew, Joanne Yoong, Evalotte Mörelius
BACKGROUND: Supportive educational programs during the perinatal period are scarce in Singapore. There is no continuity of care available in terms of support from community care nurses in Singapore. Parents are left on their own most of the time, which results in a stressful transition to parenthood. There is a need for easily accessible technology-based educational programs that can support parents during this crucial perinatal period. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the study protocol of a randomized controlled trial on a technology-based supportive educational parenting program...
January 10, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
Frances L Lynch, John F Dickerson, Katherine C Pears, Philip A Fisher
Objective: Many young children in foster care suffer from emotional and behavior problems due to neglect and abuse. These problems can lead to difficulties in school, and functioning in school is linked to long-term health and development. Early intervention to reduce emotional and behavioral issues can help children successfully transition to school, which can improve long-term outcomes. However, communities need information on relative costs and benefits associated with programs to make informed choices...
October 2017: Children and Youth Services Review
Mary D Klinnert, Genery Booster, Mandy Copeland, Jennifer Moyer Darr, Lisa J Meltzer, Michael Miller, Alyssa Oland, Shauna Perry, Brian K Wise, Bruce G Bender
OBJECTIVE: To describe the behavioral components and complications in treating pediatric patients with atopic dermatitis (AD) and the critical role of behavioral health professionals in addressing disease impact and behavioral aspects of disease management for these patients and families. DATA SOURCES: Studies and review articles were selected from medical and psychology databases for relevance to pertinent topics. RESULTS: AD has significant negative effects in affected individuals and their families on quality of life, behavioral, emotional, and sleep disturbances, and family functioning...
January 2018: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
L H Messer, R Johnson, K A Driscoll, J Jones
AIMS: This is a meta-synthesis of extant qualitative literature related to impact of continuous glucose monitoring (CGM). CGM has been available for a decade for the management of Type 1 diabetes and is the lynchpin of future artificial pancreas technologies. Clinical uptake of CGM is an important area of inquiry. The purpose of this meta-synthesis is to understand the impact of CGM on individuals with Type 1 diabetes and others (parents, significant others, providers) in order to design appropriate clinical interventions for adherence...
December 16, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
Andrew D Lynch, Allyn M Bove, Carlo Ammendolia, Michael Schneider
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: The effectiveness of treatments for chronic, degenerative conditions of the lumbar spine can be influenced by patient perceptions and expectations regarding treatment. PURPOSE: The primary purpose of this study was to understand the factors that are important to individuals with lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) regarding different non-surgical treatments. These factors were considered within the context of each treatment received as a part of the parent randomized controlled trial (RCT)...
December 12, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Silje Skaug, Kjellrun T Englund, Ingvild Saksvik-Lehouillier, Stian Lydersen, Lars Wichstrøm
Parent-child interactions are pivotal for children's socioemotional development, yet might suffer with increased attention to screen media, as research has suggested. In response, we hypothesized that parent-child play on a tablet computer, as representative of interactive media, would generate higher-quality parent-child interactions than toy play or watching TV. We examined the emotional availability of mothers and their 2-year-old child during the previous three contexts using a randomized crossover design (n = 22) in a laboratory room...
April 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
Pia Risholm Mothander, Catarina Furmark, Kerstin Neander
This study presents effects of adding Circle of Security-Parenting (COS-P) to an already established comprehensive therapeutic model for early parent-child intervention in three Swedish infant mental health (IMH) clinics. Parents' internal representations and quality of parent-infant interaction were studied in a clinical sample comprised of 52 parent-infant dyads randomly allocated to two comparable groups. One group consisted of 28 dyads receiving treatment as usual (TAU) supplemented with COS-P in a small group format, and another group of 24 dyads receiving TAU only...
December 15, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
Jean-Philippe Chaput, Casey E Gray, Veronica J Poitras, Valerie Carson, Reut Gruber, Catherine S Birken, Joanna E MacLean, Salomé Aubert, Margaret Sampson, Mark S Tremblay
BACKGROUND: The objective of this systematic review was to examine for the first time the associations between sleep duration and a broad range of health indicators in children aged 0 to 4 years. METHODS: Electronic databases were searched with no limits on date or study design. Included studies (published in English or French) were peer-reviewed and met the a priori determined population (apparently healthy children aged 1 month to 4.99 years), intervention/exposure/comparator (various sleep durations), and outcome criteria (adiposity, emotional regulation, cognitive development, motor development, growth, cardiometabolic health, sedentary behaviour, physical activity, quality of life/well-being, and risks/injuries)...
November 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
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