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Parental emotional availability

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317113/temperamental-markers-in-toddlers-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#1
Suzanne L Macari, Judah Koller, Daniel J Campbell, Katarzyna Chawarska
BACKGROUND: Although temperament has been recognized as an important contributor to childhood psychopathology, its role in emergent autism spectrum phenotypes is not well understood. This study examined whether toddlers with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) display temperamental vulnerabilities compared to toddlers with other developmental challenges, whether these characteristics are distinct from core autism symptoms, if they are stable over time, and if they contribute to social outcomes in preschool...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277014/-you-are-labelled-by-your-children-s-disability-a-community-based-participatory-study-of-stigma-among-somali-parents-of-children-with-autism-living-in-the-united-kingdom
#2
Lucy Ellen Selman, Fiona Fox, Nura Aabe, Katrina Turner, Dheeraj Rai, Sabi Redwood
OBJECTIVES: Social stigma is commonly experienced by parents of children with autism. Our aim was to understand the nature of stigma experienced by Somali parents of children with autism in the United Kingdom (UK), and to consider how they coped with or resisted such stigma. DESIGN: We used a community-based participatory research approach, collaborating with a community organisation of Somali parents. In-depth interviews with simultaneous translation were conducted with 15 Somali parents of children with autism living in Bristol, UK, in 2015...
March 2, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274259/development-of-the-us-english-version-of-the-phenylketonuria-quality-of-life-pku-qol-questionnaire
#3
Elaina Jurecki, Amy Cunningham, Vanessa Birardi, Grégory Gagol, Catherine Acquadro
BACKGROUND: Phenylketonuria (PKU) is a rare genetic disorder caused by a defect in the metabolism of phenylalanine (PHE) resulting in elevated blood and brain PHE levels, and leading to cognitive, emotional, and psychosocial problems. The phenylketonuria - quality of life (PKU-QOL) questionnaire was the first self-administered disease-specific instrument developed to assess the impact of PKU and its treatment on the health-related quality of life (HRQL) of patients and their caregivers...
March 9, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258279/management-of-respiratory-tract-infections-in-young-children-a-qualitative-study-of-primary-care-providers-perspectives
#4
Ruby Biezen, Bianca Brijnath, Danilla Grando, Danielle Mazza
Respiratory tract infections in young children are the most common cause of general practice visits in Australia. Despite the availability of clinical practice guidelines, the treatment and management of respiratory tract infections in young children is inconsistent. The aim of the study was to explore the management of respiratory tract infections in young children from a multi-disciplinary perspective using across-sectional qualitative research design based on the theoretical domains framework and the Capability, Opportunity and Motivation-B model...
December 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235620/practices-and-preferences-exploring-the-relationships-between-food-related-parenting-practices-and-child-food-preferences-for-high-fat-and-or-sugar-foods-fruits-and-vegetables
#5
Rachel L Vollmer, Jamey Baietto
The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between food-related parenting practices and child fruit, vegetable, and high fat/sugar food preferences. Parents (n = 148) of children (3-7 years old) completed the Comprehensive Feeding Practices Questionnaire (CFPQ), the Preschool Adapted Food Liking Scale (PALS), and answered demographic questions. Separate linear regressions were conducted to test relationships between the different food categories on PALS (fruits, vegetables, and high fat/sugar foods) and each food-related parenting practice using race, ethnicity, and income level, and child age and gender as covariates...
February 21, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215430/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-resilience-based-intervention-on-psychosocial-well-being-of-children-affected-by-hiv-aids-effects-at-6-and-12-month-follow-up
#6
Xiaoming Li, Sayward E Harrison, Amanda J Fairchild, Peilian Chi, Junfeng Zhao, Guoxiang Zhao
BACKGROUND: Global literature suggests that resilience-based interventions may yield improvements in psychosocial well-being for vulnerable children, but limited data are available regarding the efficacy of such interventions among children affected by parental HIV/AIDS. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate initial efficacy of a multi-level resilience-based intervention among children affected by parental HIV/AIDS in China in improving children's psychosocial well-being and resilience-related outcomes...
February 13, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205132/the-city-infant-faces-database-a-validated-set-of-infant-facial-expressions
#7
Rebecca Webb, Susan Ayers, Ansgar Endress
Adults need to be able to process infants' emotional expressions accurately to respond appropriately and care for infants. However, research on processing of the emotional expressions of infant faces is hampered by the lack of validated stimuli. Although many sets of photographs of adult faces are available to researchers, there are no corresponding sets of photographs of infant faces. We therefore developed and validated a database of infant faces, which is available via e-mail request. Parents were recruited via social media and asked to send photographs of their infant (0-12 months of age) showing positive, negative, and neutral facial expressions...
February 15, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188857/sensitivity-to-carbon-dioxide-and-translational-studies-of-anxiety-disorders
#8
Marco Battaglia
Heightened concentrations of CO2 in inhaled air provoke temporary acidification of the brain, followed by compensatory hyperventilation and increased arousal/anxiety. These responses are likely to map a basic, latent general alarm/avoidance system that is largely shared across mammals, and are sources of individual differences. By showing paroxysmal respiratory and emotional responses to CO2 challenges, humans with panic and separation anxiety disorders lie at one extreme of the distribution for CO2 sensitivity...
February 8, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163097/socioeconomic-disadvantage-neural-responses-to-infant-emotions-and-emotional-availability-among-first-time-new-mothers
#9
Pilyoung Kim, Christian G Capistrano, Andrew Erhart, Rachel Gray-Schiff, Nanxi Xu
During the early postpartum period, mothers exhibit increased amygdala responses to positive infant expressions, which are important for positive mother-infant relationships. Socioeconomic disadvantage is associated with altered amygdala response to emotional stimuli as well as more negative mother-infant relationships. However, little is known about the role of socioeconomic disadvantage in neural responses specifically to infants. Thus, we examined whether socioeconomic disadvantage (indexed by lower income-to-needs ratio) is associated with neural responses to infant emotions and parenting behaviors among new mothers...
February 2, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125983/fathers-views-and-experiences-of-their-own-mental-health-during-pregnancy-and-the-first-postnatal-year-a-qualitative-interview-study-of-men-participating-in-the-uk-born-and-bred-in-yorkshire-baby-cohort
#10
Z Darwin, P Galdas, S Hinchliff, E Littlewood, D McMillan, L McGowan, S Gilbody
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of fathers' depression and anxiety in the perinatal period (i.e. from conception to 1 year after birth) is approximately 5-10%, and 5-15%, respectively; their children face increased risk of adverse emotional and behavioural outcomes, independent of maternal mental health. Critically, fathers can be protective against the development of maternal perinatal mental health problems and their effects on child outcomes. Preventing and treating paternal mental health problems and promoting paternal psychological wellbeing may therefore benefit the family as a whole...
January 26, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088049/sudden-unexpected-death-in-epilepsy-sudep-disclosure-in-pediatric-epilepsy-an-italian-survey-on-to-tell-or-not-to-tell
#11
Federica Galli, Aglaia Vignoli, Maria Paola Canevini, Gabriele Cerioli, Elena Vegni
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although there has recently been significant debate regarding the importance of disclosing the risk of SUDEP, professional societies and clinical practice guidelines currently recommend that the risk of SUDEP be disclosed as part of a comprehensive epilepsy education program. Therefore, the primary aim of the present study was to examine whether healthcare providers treating pediatric patients with epilepsy in Italy would disclose the risk of SUDEP to the parents of children with epilepsy...
February 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025767/residential-neighborhood-amenities-and-physical-activity-among-u-s-children-with-special-health-care-needs
#12
Ruopeng An, Yan Yang, Kaigang Li
Objectives Children with special health care needs (SHCN) have or are at elevated risk for chronic physical, developmental, behavioral or emotional conditions and therefore require specialized health care services. This study examines the relationship between residential neighborhood amenities and physical activity among U.S. children with SHCN. Methods A nationally representative sample of 113,767 children aged 6-17 years was taken from National Survey of Children's Health (NSCH) 2007-2008 and 2011-2012. Residential neighborhood amenities were defined by parent-reported presence or absence of sidewalks, parks/playgrounds, and recreation center...
December 26, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992662/parental-perception-of-their-child-s-quality-of-life-in-children-with-non-immunoglobulin-e-mediated-gastrointestinal-allergies
#13
R X Foong, R Meyer, H Godwin, R Dziubak, A C Lozinsky, K Reeve, R Knibb, N Shah
BACKGROUND: Food allergy can have a significant impact on health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Parental proxy questionnaires are commonly used when children are too young to complete questionnaires themselves. Little data are available on HRQoL in children with non-IgE-mediated gastrointestinal food allergy (GIFA). The aim of this study was to evaluate HRQoL in these children by parent proxy. METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire study was conducted with children aged 2-16 years with confirmed GIFA...
December 19, 2016: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990731/-shutting-the-world-out-an-interpretative-phenomenological-analysis-exploring-the-paternal-experience-of-parenting-a-young-adult-with-a-developmental-disability
#14
Lisa A Thackeray, Virginia Eatough
BACKGROUND: An in-depth exploration of the experience of midlife fathers of developmentally disabled young adults (aged 19-32 years) was motivated by a dearth of research in this area (McKnight, PsyPAG Quarterly, 94, 2015, 10). METHOD: Five fathers participated in semi-structured interviews which were subjected to interpretative phenomenological analysis (Smith, Flowers and Larkin, 2009, Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis: Theory, Method, and Research. London: Sage)...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943284/annual-research-review-breaking-cycles-of-violence-a-systematic-review-and-common-practice-elements-analysis-of-psychosocial-interventions-for-children-and-youth-affected-by-armed-conflict
#15
REVIEW
Felicity L Brown, Anne M de Graaff, Jeannie Annan, Theresa S Betancourt
BACKGROUND: Globally, one in 10 children live in regions affected by armed conflict. Children exposed to armed conflict are vulnerable to social and emotional difficulties, along with disrupted educational and occupational opportunities. Most armed conflicts occur in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), where mental health systems are limited and can be further weakened by the context of war. Research is needed to determine feasible and cost-effective psychosocial interventions that can be delivered safely by available mental health workforces (including nonspecialists)...
December 10, 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914815/findings-from-an-online-survey-assessing-the-burden-and-management-of-seasonal-allergic-rhinoconjunctivitis-in-us-patients
#16
Eli O Meltzer, Judith Rosen Farrar, Cary Sennett
BACKGROUND: Seasonal allergic rhinoconjunctivitis (SARC) affects ≥16% of the US population annually. Telephone and in-office surveys have demonstrated negative effects of allergic rhinitis (AR) symptoms on sleep, daily activities, productivity, concentration, and emotions. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the patient-perceived burden of SARC in relation to newer treatments, increased access to treatments, and changing management protocols. METHODS: An online survey of symptom experience, impact on daily life, and management was conducted in US respondents who suffer (or whose child suffers) from SARC symptoms...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894371/pervasive-influence-of-maternal-and-paternal-criminal-offending-on-early-childhood-development-a-population-data-linkage-study
#17
K R Laurens, S Tzoumakis, M Kariuki, M J Green, M Hamde, F Harris, V J Carr, K Dean
BACKGROUND: Parental criminal offending is an established risk factor for offending among offspring, but little evidence is available indicating the impact of offending on early childhood functioning. We used data from a large Australian population cohort to determine associations between exposure to parental offending and a range of developmental outcomes at age 5 years. METHOD: Multi-generation data in 66 477 children and their parents from the New South Wales Child Development Study were combined using data linkage...
November 29, 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890781/promoting-early-brain-and-child-development-perceived-barriers-and-the-utilization-of-resources-to-address-them
#18
Andrew S Garner, Amy Storfer-Isser, Moira Szilagyi, Ruth E K Stein, Cori M Green, Bonnie D Kerker, Karen G O'Connor, Kimberly E Hoagwood, Sarah McCue Horwitz
OBJECTIVE: Efforts to promote early brain and child development (EBCD) include initiatives to support healthy parent-child relationships, tools to identify family social-emotional risk factors, and referrals to community programs to address family risk factors. We sought to examine if pediatricians perceive barriers to implementing these activities, and if they utilize resources to address those barriers. METHOD: Data were analyzed from 304 non-trainee pediatricians who practice general pediatrics and completed a 2013 American Academy of Pediatrics Periodic Survey...
November 24, 2016: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879246/father-involvement-in-early-child-rearing-and-behavioural-outcomes-in-their-pre-adolescent-children-evidence-from-the-alspac-uk-birth-cohort
#19
Charles Opondo, Maggie Redshaw, Emily Savage-McGlynn, Maria A Quigley
OBJECTIVE: To explore the nature of paternal involvement in early child-rearing adopting a social developmental perspective, and estimate its effect on behavioural outcomes of children aged 9 and 11 years. SETTING: The data come from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) cohort recruited in the former county of Avon in the southwest of England. PARTICIPANTS: Out of the 14 701 children in this cohort who were alive at 1 year, 10 440 children were living with both parents at 8 months and were therefore eligible...
November 22, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876023/association-of-parental-social-support-with-energy-balance-related-behaviors-in-low-income-and-ethnically-diverse-children-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Natalia I Heredia, Nalini Ranjit, Judith L Warren, Alexandra E Evans
BACKGROUND: Parents play an important role in providing their children with social support for healthy eating and physical activity. However, different types of social support (e.g., instrumental, emotional, modeling, rules) might have different results on children's actual behavior. The purpose of this study was to assess the association of the different types of social support with children's physical activity and eating behaviors, as well as to examine whether these associations differ across racial/ethnic groups...
November 22, 2016: BMC Public Health
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