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Parental emotional availability

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126079/self-control-parenting-and-problem-behavior-in-early-childhood-a-multi-method-multi-informant-study
#1
Dionne L van Prooijen, Roos Hutteman, Hanna Mulder, Marcel A G van Aken, Odilia M Laceulle
BACKGROUND: Early childhood self-control and parenting are suggested to play key roles in the development of child problem behavior. The current study aims to 1) replicate earlier work by examining the unique and combined effects of child self-control and parenting on child problem behavior and 2) extend earlier work by including both mother and father reports. METHODS: Data were used from 107 Dutch families: mothers, fathers, and their two-year old child. Child self-control was measured using both father's and mother's reports of effortful control and with an observed behavioral task (i...
November 7, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115763/how-modifiable-factors-influence-parental-decision-making-about-organ-donation
#2
Kamila Luberda, Karen Cleaver
A global shortage of organs from children and adults available for transplantation is compounded by the failure of next of kin to consent for organs to be donated after death. Non-modifiable and modifiable factors influence decision-making in this area. Modifiable factors are of interest when examining families' decision-making about the donation of organs from their deceased child. A scoping review was undertaken to determine how modifiable factors influence parental decision-making about organ donation. Thematic analysis identified two themes: interactions with healthcare professionals and pre-disposition to organ donation...
November 7, 2017: Nursing Children and Young People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083042/practitioner-review-current-best-practice-in-the-use-of-parent-training-and-other-behavioural-interventions-in-the-treatment-of-children-and-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#3
REVIEW
David Daley, Saskia Van Der Oord, Maite Ferrin, Samuele Cortese, Marina Danckaerts, Manfred Doepfner, Barbara J Van den Hoofdakker, David Coghill, Margaret Thompson, Philip Asherson, Tobias Banaschewski, Daniel Brandeis, Jan Buitelaar, Ralf W Dittmann, Chris Hollis, Martin Holtmann, Eric Konofal, Michel Lecendreux, Aribert Rothenberger, Paramala Santosh, Emily Simonoff, Cesar Soutullo, Hans Christoph Steinhausen, Argyris Stringaris, Eric Taylor, Ian C K Wong, Alessandro Zuddas, Edmund J Sonuga-Barke
BACKGROUND: Behavioural interventions are recommended for use with children and young people with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD); however, specific guidance for their implementation based on the best available evidence is currently lacking. METHODS: This review used an explicit question and answer format to address issues of clinical concern, based on expert interpretation of the evidence with precedence given to meta-analyses of randomised controlled trials...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052096/life-paths-of-patients-with-transthyretin-related-familial-amyloid-polyneuropathy-val30met-a-descriptive-study
#4
Alice Lopes, Alexandra Sousa, Isabel Fonseca, Margarida Branco, Carla Rodrigues, Teresa Coelho, Jorge Sequeiros, Paula Freitas
Transthyretin-related familial amyloid polyneuropathy Val30Met is a fatal progressive disease. It is a rare hereditary amyloidosis, manifesting as a sensorimotor neuropathy and autonomic dysfunction. It begins during adulthood and is a disabling disease, posing a great psychological burden to patients and their families. Our aim was to describe and characterize life events related to the disease and discuss its psychosocial implications. Social and demographic data and a questionnaire on history of family and personal disease, and biographic events, were applied to 209 subjects attending an outpatient specialized clinic...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Community Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026509/development-and-evaluation-of-a-speech-generating-aac-mobile-app-for-minimally-verbal-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-mainland-china
#5
Sainan An, Xiaoping Feng, Yue Dai, Hongli Bo, Xiuqing Wang, Mu Li, John Zhuohao Woo, Xingmei Liang, Cheng Guo, Charles Xingchao Liu, Liping Wei
BACKGROUND: Mobile touchscreen devices are currently being used as speech-generating devices (SGDs) and have been shown to promote the communication skills, particularly the requesting skills of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) who have limited spoken language. However, no augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) mobile app has been developed and evaluated in the Chinese language in Mainland China. METHODS: We developed an AAC mobile app, which is the first in Mainland China, to our knowledge, named Yuudee (Chinese name (xiaoyudi))...
2017: Molecular Autism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021126/healthydads-ca-what-do-men-want-in-a-website-designed-to-promote-emotional-wellness-and-healthy-behaviors-during-the-transition-to-parenthood
#6
Deborah Da Costa, Phyllis Zelkowitz, Nicole Letourneau, Andrew Howlett, Cindy-Lee Dennis, Brian Russell, Steven Grover, Ilka Lowensteyn, Peter Chan, Samir Khalifé
BACKGROUND: Up to 18% of men experience depression and/or anxiety during the transition to parenthood. Interventions designed specifically to promote the mental health of men during the transition to parenthood are scarce. Internet-delivered interventions may be acceptable and far-reaching in enhancing mental health, parenting knowledge, and healthy behaviors in expectant or new fathers. OBJECTIVE: To guide the development of Healthydads.ca, a website designed to enhance mental health and healthy behaviors in expectant fathers, a needs assessment was conducted to identify fathers' perspectives of barriers to seeking help for emotional wellness, informational needs, and factors affecting the decision to visit such a website...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988171/post-trauma-coping-in-the-context-of-significant-adversity-a-qualitative-study-of-young-people-living-in-an-urban-township-in-south-africa
#7
Rachel M Hiller, Sarah L Halligan, Mark Tomlinson, Jackie Stewart, Sarah Skeen, Hope Christie
OBJECTIVE: Compared with knowledge of the post-trauma needs of young people living in developed countries, little is known about the needs of those in low-middle-income countries. Such information is crucial, particularly as young people in these environments can be at increased risk of experiencing trauma, coupled with less available resources for formal support. The aim of this study was to explore post-trauma coping and support-seeking of young people living in a high-adversity settlement in South Africa...
October 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959893/early-familial-experiences-with-microtia-psychosocial-implications-for-pediatric-providers
#8
Alexis L Johns, Daniel D Im, Sheryl L Lewin
This study focuses on early experiences of families with a child with microtia to better inform their ongoing care by pediatric providers. Parents and children (n = 62; mean age of 6.9 ± 3.9 years) with isolated microtia participated in semistructured interviews in Spanish (66.1%) or English (33.9%). Qualitative analysis of responses used open coding to identify themes. Parents reported stressful informing experiences of the diagnosis with multiple negative emotions. Parents and children generally reported not understanding microtia etiology, while some families identified medical, religious, and folk explanations...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950956/emotional-development-through-the-lens-of-affective-social-competence
#9
REVIEW
Linda A Camras, Amy G Halberstadt
Emotion competence, particularly as manifested within social interaction (i.e., affective social competence) is an important contributor to children's optimal social and psychological functioning. In this article we highlight advances in understanding three processes involved in affective social competence: first, experiencing emotions, second, effectively communicating one's emotions, and third, understanding others' emotions. Experiencing emotion is increasingly understood to include becoming aware of, accepting, and managing one's emotions...
October 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935390/ask-the-question-screening-for-postpartum-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-in-pediatric-primary-care
#10
Stacy Kurtz, Jack Levine, Marcy Safyer
Postpartum mood and anxiety disorders (PMADs) are a significant source of toxic stress for young children and can disrupt developing brain architecture resulting in long-lasting deleterious effects. Thus, screening for PMADs must be considered as an essential task of a pediatric primary care provider (PCP) and the pediatric medical home. Problems in parenting capacity in mothers with PMADs can lead to disorders in attachment and a range of other emotional and developmental challenges for a young child. Therefore, all PCP office visits with mothers should include surveillance as well as formal screening at regular, pre-determined intervals...
September 18, 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931400/conduct-disorders-and-psychopathy-in-children-and-adolescents-aetiology-clinical-presentation-and-treatment-strategies-of-callous-unemotional-traits
#11
REVIEW
Simone Pisano, Pietro Muratori, Chiara Gorga, Valentina Levantini, Raffaella Iuliano, Gennaro Catone, Giangennaro Coppola, Annarita Milone, Gabriele Masi
Conduct Disorder (CD) is a psychiatric diagnosis characterized by a repetitive and persistent pattern of behaviour in which the basic rights of others and major age-appropriate social norms or rules are violated. Callous Unemotional (CU) traits are a meaningful specifier in subtyping CD for more severe antisocial and aggressive behaviours in adult psychopathology; they represent the affective dimension of adult psychopathy, but they can be also detected in childhood and adolescence. The CU traits include lack of empathy, sense of guilt and shallow emotion, and their characterization in youth can improve our diagnostic, prognostic and therapeutic abilities...
September 20, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917833/values-based-shared-decision-making-in-the-antenatal-period
#12
REVIEW
Stephanie K Kukora, Renee D Boss
Despite advances in life-saving technology for critically ill neonates, challenges continue to arise for infants delivered with extreme prematurity, congenital anomalies, and genetic conditions that exceed the limits of currently available interventions. In these situations, parents are forced to make cognitively and emotionally difficult decisions, in discussion with a neonatologist, regarding how aggressively to provide supportive measures at the time of delivery and at what point burdens of therapy outweigh benefits...
September 13, 2017: Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906243/pediatric-hearing-aid-management-challenges-among-hispanic-families
#13
Ana Caballero, Karen Muñoz, Karl White, Lauri Nelson, Melanie Domenech-Rodriguez, Michael Twohig
BACKGROUND: Hearing aid fitting in infancy has become more common in the United States as a result of earlier identification of hearing loss. Consistency of hearing aid use is an area of concern for young children, as well as other hearing aid management challenges parents encounter that may contribute to less-than-optimal speech and language outcomes. Research that describes parent hearing aid management experiences of Spanish-speaking Hispanic families, or the extent of their needs, is not available...
September 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869662/parent-caring-response-scoring-system-development-and-psychometric-evaluation-in-the-context-of-childhood-cancer-related-port-starts
#14
Jinbing Bai, Kristen Swanson, Felicity W K Harper, Louis A Penner, Sheila J Santacroce
RATIONALE: Multiple observational coding systems have been developed and validated to assess parent-child interactions during painful procedures. Most of these coding systems are neither theory-based nor do they well represent parent nonverbal behaviours. AIMS: Develop the Parent Caring Response Scoring System (P-CaReSS) based on Swanson's Theory of Caring and test its psychometric properties in children in cancer port starts. METHODS: A hybrid approach of inductive and deductive coding was used to formulate the preliminary observational codes for the P-CaReSS...
September 4, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865661/methods-to-assess-adverse-childhood-experiences-of-children-and-families-toward-approaches-to-promote-child-well-being-in-policy-and-practice
#15
Christina D Bethell, Adam Carle, James Hudziak, Narangerel Gombojav, Kathleen Powers, Roy Wade, Paula Braveman
BACKGROUND: Advances in human development sciences point to tremendous possibilities to promote healthy child development and well-being across life by proactively supporting safe, stable and nurturing family relationships (SSNRs), teaching resilience, and intervening early to promote healing the trauma and stress associated with disruptions in SSNRs. Assessing potential disruptions in SSNRs, such as adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), can contribute to assessing risk for trauma and chronic and toxic stress...
September 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842975/maternal-interaction-quality-moderates-effects-of-prenatal-maternal-emotional-symptoms-on-girls-internalizing-problems
#16
Joyce J Endendijk, Anouk T C E De Bruijn, Hedwig J A Van Bakel, Hennie A A Wijnen, Victor J M Pop, Anneloes L Van Baar
The role of mother-infant interaction quality is studied in the relation between prenatal maternal emotional symptoms and child behavioral problems. Healthy pregnant, Dutch women (N = 96, M = 31.6, SD = 3.3) were allocated to the "exposed group" (n = 46), consisting of mothers with high levels of prenatal feelings of anxiety and depression, or the "low-exposed group" (n = 50), consisting of mothers with normal levels of depressive or anxious symptoms during pregnancy. When the children (49 girls, 47 boys) were 23 to 60 months of age (M = 39...
August 26, 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831635/a-multicenter-observational-prospective-study-of-self-and-parent-reported-quality-of-life-in-adolescent-multiple-sclerosis-patients-self-administering-interferon-%C3%AE-1a-using-rebismart%C3%A2-the-future-study
#17
A Ghezzi, A Bianchi, D Baroncini, A Bertolotto, S Malucchi, V Bresciamorra, R Lanzillo, N Milani, V Martinelli, F Patti, C Chisari, M Rottoli, M Simone, D Paolicelli, A Visconti
Besides the impact of disease per se, the use of immunomodulatory therapies in adolescents with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) may have an effect on quality of life (QL). The FUTURE (Quality of liFe in adolescent sUbjecTs affected by mUltiple sclerosis treated with immunomodulatoRy agEnt using self-injecting device) study was designed to evaluate the changes in QL of Italian adolescents with RRMS receiving treatment with IFN-β1a (Rebif; 22 μg), administered subcutaneously three times weekly using the RebiSmart™ electronic autoinjection device over a 52-week period...
November 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752770/disorders-of-sex-development-mothers-experiences-of-support
#18
Clare Chivers, Jan Burns, Martha Deiros Collado
BACKGROUND: An increasing body of research has sought to determine the impact of Disorders of Sex Development (DSD) on the family of the affected child. Little is currently understood about the support needs of the family and how well these needs are met. METHODS: Interpretive Phenomenological Analysis was used to analyse semi-structured interviews with eight mothers of children with DSD about their experiences of support. RESULTS: Four master themes emerged which encapsulated (a) the stages in their child's development when mothers most needed support, (b) the importance of developing an understanding of the child's condition, (c) the lack of acknowledgement of the emotional needs of the parent and (d) the importance of having close and trusted networks for support...
July 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752588/psychological-adjustment-and-behaviours-in-children-of-migrant-workers-in-china
#19
F Wang, X Zhou, T Hesketh
BACKGROUND: In China, there are around 274 million rural-urban migrants, an estimated 61 million children left behind in rural areas by parents, and 29 million children who accompany their parents to cities. The aim of this study was to compare the psychosocial adjustment and behaviours of left-behind children and migrant children. METHODS: Full data were available for 761 left-behind children and 1,392 migrant children aged 11 to 17 in Zhejiang Province, eastern China...
July 28, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737004/parent-child-interactions-and-children-with-cerebral-palsy-an-exploratory-study-investigating-emotional-availability-functional-ability-and-parent-distress
#20
J Barfoot, P Meredith, J Ziviani, K Whittingham
BACKGROUND: Emotionally available parent-child relationships are supportive of child health and development. When a child has cerebral palsy, a range of child and parent factors can potentially impact the parent-child relationship; however, little research has specifically addressed this question. The aim of this study is to investigate links between parent-child emotional availability and both child functional abilities and parent distress in a sample of parents and children with cerebral palsy...
July 23, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
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