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Parental emotional availability

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623651/an-investigation-of-support-services-available-by-internet-searching-to-families-impacted-by-a-parent-s-cancer
#1
Ms Julia Morris, Jeneva Ohan, Angelita Martini
OBJECTIVE: Throughout a parent's cancer diagnosis and treatment, families are likely to turn to the Internet to find social, emotional and informational support services. It is important professionals understand the content and availability of support discoverable through web searches. This study identified and described web-based information regarding support services offered to families when a parent has cancer. METHODS: Pre-defined key search terms were searched across two public web browsers for a period of 3 months...
June 16, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608620/genome-wide-association-study-of-facial-emotion-recognition-in-children-and-association-with-polygenic-risk-for-mental-health-disorders
#2
Jonathan R I Coleman, Kathryn J Lester, Robert Keers, Marcus R Munafò, Gerome Breen, Thalia C Eley
Emotion recognition is disrupted in many mental health disorders, which may reflect shared genetic aetiology between this trait and these disorders. We explored genetic influences on emotion recognition and the relationship between these influences and mental health phenotypes. Eight-year-old participants (n = 4,097) from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) completed the Diagnostic Analysis of Non-Verbal Accuracy (DANVA) faces test. Genome-wide genotype data was available from the Illumina HumanHap550 Quad microarray...
June 13, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596911/mental-health-provision-in-schools-approaches-and-interventions-in-10-european-countries
#3
P Patalay, D Gondek, B Moltrecht, L Giese, C Curtin, M Stanković, N Savka
BACKGROUND: The role of schools in providing community-based support for children's mental health and well-being is widely accepted and encouraged. Research has mainly focused on designing and evaluating specific interventions and there is little data available regarding what provision is available, the focus and priorities of schools and the professionals involved in providing this support. The current study presents these data from schools in 10 European countries. METHODS: Online survey of 1466 schools in France, Germany, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Serbia, Spain, Sweden, UK and Ukraine...
2017: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592146/drug-use-the-drug-environment-and-child-physical-abuse-and-neglect
#4
Bridget Freisthler, Jennifer Price Wolf, Wendy Wiegmann, Nancy J Kepple
Although drug use is considered a risk factor for child maltreatment, very little work has examined how the drug environment may affect physical abuse and neglect by parents. Utilizing information from a telephone survey with 2,597 respondents from 43 cities with valid police data on narcotics incidents, we analyzed the relationship between drug use, drug availability, and child maltreatment using multilevel models. City-level rates of drug abuse and dependence were related to more frequent physical abuse. Parents who use drugs in areas with greater availability of drugs reported more physical abuse and physical neglect...
January 1, 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578188/children-s-cortisol-and-externalizing-stress-symptoms-are-predictors-of-adiponectin-evolution-over-two-years
#5
Nathalie Michels, Isabelle Sioen, Kirsten Schraven, Annelies De Decker, Carola van Aart, Stefaan De Henauw
BACKGROUND: Adiponectin is an anti-inflammatory, insulin-sensitizing and energy-regulating adipocytokine. Consequently, the link between psychosocial stress and inflammatory diseases like the metabolic syndrome might be partially explained by lower adiponectin levels in stress. Nevertheless, the stress-adiponectin association has seldom been tested and no clarity exists about the directionality. METHODS: In the Belgian ChiBS study, serum adiponectin and stress levels were measured in 348 children (5-10y) at baseline and in 168 of them after 2-year follow-up...
May 31, 2017: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550803/discourse-in-action-parents-use-of-medical-and-social-models-to-resist-disability-stigma
#6
Bianca Manago, Jenny L Davis, Carla Goar
For parents of children with disabilities, stigmatization is part of everyday life. To resist the negative social and emotional consequences of stigma, parents both challenge and deflect social devaluations. Challenges work to upend the stigmatizing structure, while deflections maintain the interaction order. We examine how parents of children with disabilities deploy deflections and challenges, and how their stigma resistance strategies combine with available models of disability discourse. Disability discourse falls into two broad categories: medical and social...
May 6, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542555/parenting-styles-feeding-styles-and-food-related-parenting-practices-in-relation-to-toddlers-eating-styles-a-cluster-analytic-approach
#7
Klazine van der Horst, Ester F C Sleddens
INTRODUCTION: Toddlers' eating behaviors are influenced by the way parents interact with their children. The objective of this study was to explore how five major constructs of general parenting behavior cluster in parents of toddlers. These parenting clusters were further explored to see how they differed in the use of feeding strategies (i.e. feeding styles and food parenting practices) and by reported child eating styles. METHODS: An online survey with 1005 mothers/caregivers (legal guardians) with at least one child between 12 and 36 months old was conducted in the United States in 2012, assessing general parenting behavior, feeding style, food parenting practices and the child eating styles...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541549/cognitive-development-in-children-up-to-age-11-years-born-after-art-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#8
Anna Barbuscia, Melinda C Mills
STUDY QUESTION: How does the cognitive development of children conceived after ART (IVF and ICSI) - measured as cognitive skills at age 3, 5, 7 and 11 years - differ over time from those born after natural conception (NC)? SUMMARY ANSWER: Improved measures of cognitive development up to age 5 years were recorded in children conceived with ART compared to NC, which attenuates by 11 years, with ART children still scoring slightly better than NC children. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Results on the cognitive outcomes of children conceived after ART have been highly contradictory...
May 24, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528457/exposure-to-parents-negative-emotions-as-a-developmental-pathway-to-the-family-aggregation-of-depression-and-anxiety-in-the-first-year-of-life
#9
REVIEW
Evin Aktar, Susan M Bögels
Depression and anxiety load in families. In the present study, we focus on exposure to parental negative emotions in first postnatal year as a developmental pathway to early parent-to-child transmission of depression and anxiety. We provide an overview of the little research available on the links between infants' exposure to negative emotion and infants' emotional development in this developmentally sensitive period, and highlight priorities for future research. To address continuity between normative and maladaptive development, we discuss exposure to parental negative emotions in infants of parents with as well as without depression and/or anxiety diagnoses...
May 20, 2017: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524378/psychometric-characteristics-of-the-mental-health-crisis-assessment-scale-in-youth-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#10
Luther G Kalb, Louis P Hagopian, Alden L Gross, Roma A Vasa
BACKGROUND: Youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) exhibit high rates of psychopathology. These symptoms can pose a risk of injury to self or others when the child is in crisis. Despite this danger, there are no instruments available to identify those with ASD who are at risk or actively in crisis. This study examined the psychometric properties of the Mental Health Crisis Assessment Scale (MCAS), a 28 item parent report measure. METHODS: The MCAS was administered to the parents of 606 children and young adults (aged 3-25 years, M age = 13 years, SD = 5 years) enrolled in the Interactive Autism Network, an online registry of families raising a child with ASD...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512436/transition-to-kindergarten-negative-associations-between-the-emotional-availability-in-mother-child-relationships-and-elevated-cortisol-levels-in-children-with-an-immigrant-background
#11
Constanze Rickmeyer, Judith Lebiger-Vogel, Marianne Leuzinger-Bohleber
Background: The transition to child care is a challenging time in a child's life and leads to elevated levels of cortisol. These elevations may be influenced by the quality of the mother-child relationship. However, remarkably little is known about cortisol production in response to the beginning of child care among children-at-risk such as children with an immigrant background. However, attending kindergarten or any other child day-care institution can for example have a compensating effect on potential language deficits thus improving the educational opportunities of these children...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472162/the-parental-reflective-functioning-questionnaire-development-and-preliminary-validation
#12
Patrick Luyten, Linda C Mayes, Liesbet Nijssens, Peter Fonagy
This paper reports on three studies on the development and validation of the Parental Reflective Functioning Questionnaire (PRFQ), a brief, multidimensional self-report measure that assesses parental reflective functioning or mentalizing, that is, the capacity to treat the infant as a psychological agent. Study 1 investigated the factor structure, reliability, and relationships of the PRFQ with demographic features, symptomatic distress, attachment dimensions, and emotional availability in a socially diverse sample of 299 mothers of a child aged 0-3...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471843/international-institutional-trauma-in-developmental-pediatric-practice
#13
Demetra Pappas, Jason Fogler, Sabrina Sargado, Leah Welchons, Marilyn Augustyn
"Aabis" is a school-aged boy from a predominantly conservative Muslim nation who presented to a tertiary developmental-behavioral pediatric (DBP) clinic to seek "expert opinion" for significant social and learning difficulties in the context of a history of frequent falling and "clumsiness." He was seen by a psychiatrist in his home country, who ordered an electroencephalogram and "brain map" (both normal), and received occupational and physical therapies. Frequent tantrums and intense emotional reactions to minor events-revealed to be related to a history of repeated physical beatings from groups of his "friends"-prompted referral to the DBP clinic...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459763/international-institutional-trauma-in-developmental-pediatric-practice
#14
Demetra Pappas, Jason Fogler, Sabrina Sargado, Leah Welchons, Marilyn Augustyn
"Aabis" is a school-aged boy from a predominantly conservative Muslim nation who presented to a tertiary developmental-behavioral pediatric (DBP) clinic to seek "expert opinion" for significant social and learning difficulties in the context of a history of frequent falling and "clumsiness." He was seen by a psychiatrist in his home country, who ordered an electroencephalogram and "brain map" (both normal), and received occupational and physical therapies. Frequent tantrums and intense emotional reactions to minor events-revealed to be related to a history of repeated physical beatings from groups of his "friends"-prompted referral to the DBP clinic...
May 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451948/a-survey-of-information-source-preferences-of-parents-of-individuals-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#15
Amelia N Gibson, Samantha Kaplan, Emily Vardell
For parents of children with an Autism spectrum disorder (ASD), high quality, easily accessible information and a strong peer network can be the key to raising a happy, healthy child, and maintaining family well-being and emotional resilience. This article reports the findings of an anonymous survey examining the information source preferences for 935 parents of individuals with ASDs in North Carolina. Data indicates that parents show similar information seeking patterns across the age spectrum, that availability of information (as indicated by overall information source selection) decrease as children age...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439622/long-term-impacts-of-parental-migration-on-chinese-children-s-psychosocial-well-being-mitigating-and-exacerbating-factors
#16
Chenyue Zhao, Feng Wang, Leah Li, Xudong Zhou, Therese Hesketh
PURPOSE: Prolonged separation from migrant parents raises concerns for the well-being of 60 million left behind children (LBC) in rural China. This study aimed to investigate the impact of current and previous parental migration on child psychosocial well-being, with a focus on emotional and behavioral outcomes, while considering factors in family care and support. METHODS: Children were recruited from schools in migrant-sending rural areas in Zhejiang and Guizhou provinces by random stratified sampling...
April 24, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414957/emotion-socialization-and-child-conduct-problems-a-comprehensive-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Ameika M Johnson, David J Hawes, Nancy Eisenberg, Jane Kohlhoff, Joanne Dudeney
Decades of research have emphasized the role that coercive and ineffective discipline plays in shaping child and adolescent conduct problems, yet an emerging body of evidence has suggested that parents' emotion socialization behaviors (ESBs) (e.g., reactions to emotions, discussion of emotions, and emotion coaching) may also be implicated. This meta-analysis examined concurrent and longitudinal associations between parental ESBs and conduct problems, and tested for moderators of these associations. A systematic search identified 49 studies for which data on concurrent associations between ESBs and conduct problems were available (n=6270), and 14 studies reporting on prospective associations (n=1899)...
April 8, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392772/the-tromso-infant-faces-database-tif-development-validation-and-application-to-assess-parenting-experience-on-clarity-and-intensity-ratings
#18
Jana K Maack, Agnes Bohne, Dag Nordahl, Lina Livsdatter, Åsne A W Lindahl, Morten Øvervoll, Catharina E A Wang, Gerit Pfuhl
Newborns and infants are highly depending on successfully communicating their needs; e.g., through crying and facial expressions. Although there is a growing interest in the mechanisms of and possible influences on the recognition of facial expressions in infants, heretofore there exists no validated database of emotional infant faces. In the present article we introduce a standardized and freely available face database containing Caucasian infant face images from 18 infants 4 to 12 months old. The development and validation of the Tromsø Infant Faces (TIF) database is presented in Study 1...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353367/infant-behavior-questionnaire-revised-very-short-form-a-new-factor-structure-s-associations-with-parenting-perceptions-and-child-language-outcomes
#19
Elizabeth R Peterson, Karen E Waldie, Jatender Mohal, Elaine Reese, Polly E Atatoa Carr, Cameron C Grant, Susan M B Morton
The Infant Behavior Questionnaire Revised-Very Short Form (IBQ-R VSF; Putnam, Helbig, Gartstein, Rothbart, & Leerkes, 2014 ) is a new publicly available measure of infant temperament measuring positive affectivity/surgency (PAS), negative emotionality (NEG), and orienting and regulatory capacity (ORC). Although the initial psychometric properties of the 3-factor model appear promising, it has not been administered to a large and diverse sample and its predictive validity has not been established. This study administered the IBQ-R VSF to a diverse sample of 5,639 mothers of infants aged between 23 and 52 weeks...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342618/a-realist-synthesis-of-social-connectivity-interventions-during-transition-to-parenthood-the-value-of-relationships
#20
Claudine T Bennett, Judy L Buchan, Nicole Letourneau, Stuart G Shanker, Anne Fenwick, Brenda Smith-Chant, Cyndi Gilmer
BACKGROUND: Social connections are important during the transition to parenthood. A wide body of literature suggests that these connections enhance health and contribute to wellbeing. In the case of parents and families, social connections can influence child development. Nurses and public health agencies are in a unique position to advocate for resources and approaches to enhance social connectivity for parents during this important life transition. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review was to identify the universal social connectivity interventions that work, and the conditions that foster social connections for parents and enhance child development...
April 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
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