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Parental emotional availability

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894371/pervasive-influence-of-maternal-and-paternal-criminal-offending-on-early-childhood-development-a-population-data-linkage-study
#1
K R Laurens, S Tzoumakis, M Kariuki, M J Green, M Hamde, F Harris, V J Carr, K Dean
BACKGROUND: Parental criminal offending is an established risk factor for offending among offspring, but little evidence is available indicating the impact of offending on early childhood functioning. We used data from a large Australian population cohort to determine associations between exposure to parental offending and a range of developmental outcomes at age 5 years. METHOD: Multi-generation data in 66 477 children and their parents from the New South Wales Child Development Study were combined using data linkage...
November 29, 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890781/promoting-early-brain-and-child-development-perceived-barriers-and-the-utilization-of-resources-to-address-them
#2
Andrew S Garner, Amy Storfer-Isser, Moira Szilagyi, Ruth E K Stein, Cori M Green, Bonnie D Kerker, Karen G O'Connor, Kimberly E Hoagwood, Sarah McCue Horwitz
OBJECTIVE: Efforts to promote early brain and child development (EBCD) include initiatives to support healthy parent-child relationships, tools to identify family social-emotional risk factors, and referrals to community programs to address family risk factors. We sought to examine if pediatricians perceive barriers to implementing these activities, and if they utilize resources to address those barriers. METHOD: Data were analyzed from 304 non-trainee pediatricians who practice general pediatrics and completed a 2013 American Academy of Pediatrics Periodic Survey...
November 24, 2016: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879246/father-involvement-in-early-child-rearing-and-behavioural-outcomes-in-their-pre-adolescent-children-evidence-from-the-alspac-uk-birth-cohort
#3
Charles Opondo, Maggie Redshaw, Emily Savage-McGlynn, Maria A Quigley
OBJECTIVE: To explore the nature of paternal involvement in early child-rearing adopting a social developmental perspective, and estimate its effect on behavioural outcomes of children aged 9 and 11 years. SETTING: The data come from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) cohort recruited in the former county of Avon in the southwest of England. PARTICIPANTS: Out of the 14 701 children in this cohort who were alive at 1 year, 10 440 children were living with both parents at 8 months and were therefore eligible...
November 22, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876023/association-of-parental-social-support-with-energy-balance-related-behaviors-in-low-income-and-ethnically-diverse-children-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Natalia I Heredia, Nalini Ranjit, Judith L Warren, Alexandra E Evans
BACKGROUND: Parents play an important role in providing their children with social support for healthy eating and physical activity. However, different types of social support (e.g., instrumental, emotional, modeling, rules) might have different results on children's actual behavior. The purpose of this study was to assess the association of the different types of social support with children's physical activity and eating behaviors, as well as to examine whether these associations differ across racial/ethnic groups...
November 22, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852132/trajectories-of-mothers-emotional-availability-relations-with-infant-temperament-in-predicting-attachment-security
#5
Bo-Ram Kim, Sy-Miin Chow, Bethany Bray, Douglas M Teti
The present study examined observations of parenting quality (mothers' emotional availability - EA) during infant bedtimes at 4 points across the infants' first year, assessing relations between levels and trajectories of EA and infant attachment at 12 months and the role of infant temperament in moderating these associations. The sample (N = 128) was predominantly Euro-American (82.5%) and at low socioeconomic risk. Latent growth curve modeling with latent basis coefficients indicated substantial individual differences in initial levels and slopes in EA trajectories across the first year...
November 16, 2016: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845521/adolescents-experience-of-parental-psychological-caregiving-and-neglect-construct-development
#6
Sharon L Christ, Yoon Young Kwak, Ting Lu
Psychological or emotional neglect is a recognized form of child maltreatment in the United States. However, neglect as a form of maltreatment and particularly psychological neglect as a subtype are understudied relative to other forms of maltreatment. One reason for this is that few measures of psychological (or emotional) neglect are available and there remains some uncertainty about how to define and measure it. In this article, we put forth a theoretical definition of psychological caregiving, including omission of care or psychological neglect of adolescents by their primary caregivers...
August 15, 2016: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804151/siblings-of-children-with-life-limiting-conditions-psychological-adjustment-and-sibling-relationships
#7
J M Fullerton, V Totsika, R Hain, R P Hastings
BACKGROUND: This study explored psychological adjustment and sibling relationships of siblings of children with life-limiting conditions (LLCs), expanding on previous research by defining LLCs using a systematic classification of these conditions. METHODS: Thirty-nine siblings participated, aged 3-16 years. Parents completed measures of siblings' emotional and behavioural difficulties, quality of life, sibling relationships and impact on families and siblings...
November 1, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770031/effects-of-child-sexual-abuse-on-the-parenting-of-male-survivors
#8
Joe Wark, Jo-Ann Vis
Research shows that child sexual abuse (CSA) can have detrimental effects on adult functioning. While much research regarding the effects of CSA on parenting of mothers is available, there is a dearth of information on how CSA impacts fatherhood. This literature review finds that the parenting experiences of male survivors are characterized by self-perceptions as adequate parents, deficient parenting as measured by standardized instruments, conceptualization of parenting as an intergenerational legacy and potential healing experience, fear of becoming an abuser, and physical and emotional distance from their children...
October 21, 2016: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763909/neonatal-nurses-nicu-quality-improvement-embracing-ebp-recommendations-to-provide-parent-psychosocial-support
#9
Isabell B Purdy, Mary Alice Melwak, Joan R Smith, Carole Kenner, Rebecca Chuffo-Siewert, Donna J Ryan, Sue Hall
BACKGROUND: The neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) can be a stressful environment for infants, their families, and the healthcare team. There is an immediate need for neonatal nurses to embrace and translate the new National Perinatal Association recommendations for psychosocial support of NICU parents into clinical practice to demonstrate best practices for infants, their families, and the whole team. PURPOSE: To summarize the current evidence-based practice recommendations and to provide suggestions for team members to develop strategies to adopt and implement them through quality improvement (QI) projects...
October 19, 2016: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720104/qualitative-analysis-of-dietary-behaviors-in-picture-book-fiction-for-4-to-8-year-olds
#10
Oksana Matvienko
OBJECTIVE: Picture books may facilitate parents' efforts to decrease pickiness and other undesirable food habits in children. This study conducted a content analysis of dietary behaviors and feeding strategies featured in fictional picture books compared with those discussed in the research literature. DESIGN: Several databases were searched for fictional picture books about dietary behavior, published between 2000 and 2016, accessible in the US, available in print format, and designated for 4- to 8-year-olds...
October 2016: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625612/attachment-theory-and-maternal-drug-addiction-the-contribution-to-parenting-interventions
#11
REVIEW
Micol Parolin, Alessandra Simonelli
Children's emotional and relational development can be negatively influenced by maternal substance abuse, particularly through a dysfunctional caregiving environment. Attachment Theory offers a privileged framework to analyze how drug addiction can affect the quality of adult attachment style, parenting attitudes and behaviors toward the child, and how it can have a detrimental effect on the co-construction of the attachment bond by the mother and the infant. Several studies, as a matter of fact, have identified a prevalence of insecure patterns among drug-abusing mothers and their children...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605076/going-straight-to-the-source-a-pilot-study-of-bereaved-parent-facilitated-communication-training-for-pediatric-subspecialty-fellows
#12
Jennifer M Snaman, Erica C Kaye, Melody J Cunningham, April Sykes, Deena R Levine, Daniel Mahoney, Justin N Baker
BACKGROUND: Medical trainees consistently report suboptimal instruction and poor self-confidence in communication skills. Despite this deficit, few established training programs provide comprehensive, pediatric-specific communication education, particularly in the provision of "bad news." To our knowledge, no programs currently use bereaved parent educators to facilitate communication training for pediatric subspecialty trainees. PROCEDURE: The authors designed and implemented a pilot communication training seminar in which bereaved parent educators and faculty facilitators led small groups in interactive, role-play scenarios...
September 8, 2016: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27589979/dutch-normative-data-and-psychometric-properties-for-the-distress-thermometer-for-parents
#13
Hedy A van Oers, Sasja A Schepers, Martha A Grootenhuis, Lotte Haverman
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to provide Dutch normative data for the Distress Thermometer for Parents (DT-P) and to assess internal consistency and known-groups validity. METHODS: A sample of 1421 parents (60.7 % mothers), representative of the Dutch population, completed online sociodemographic questionnaire and the DT-P, which includes a thermometer (0 (no distress) to 10 (extreme distress), ≥4 clinically elevated distress) and everyday problems across six problem domains (practical, social, emotional, physical, cognitive, and parenting)...
September 2, 2016: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27565361/increased-screen-time-implications-for-early-childhood-development-and-behavior
#14
REVIEW
Jenny S Radesky, Dimitri A Christakis
The authors review trends in adoption of new digital technologies (eg, mobile and interactive media) by families with young children (ages 0-8 years), continued use of television and video games, and the evidence for learning from digital versus hands-on play. The authors also discuss continued concerns about health and developmental/behavioral risks of excessive media use for child cognitive, language, literacy, and social-emotional development. This evidence is then applied to clinical care in terms of the screening questions providers can use, tools available to providers and parents, and changes in anticipatory guidance...
October 2016: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27559321/maternal-weight-predicts-children-s-psychosocial-development-via-parenting-stress-and-emotional-availability
#15
Sarah Bergmann, Andrea Schlesier-Michel, Verena Wendt, Matthias Grube, Anja Keitel-Korndörfer, Ruth Gausche, Kai von Klitzing, Annette M Klein
INTRODUCTION: Maternal obesity has been shown to be a risk factor for obesity in children and may also affect children's psychosocial outcomes. It is not yet clear whether there are also psycho-emotional mechanisms explaining the effects of maternal weight on young children's weight and psychosocial development. We aimed to evaluate whether maternal body mass index (BMI), mother-child emotional availability (EA), and maternal parenting stress are associated with children's weight and psychosocial development (i...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27557031/-parental-roles-and-needs-in-neonatal-intensive-care-a-review-of-portuguese-guidelines
#16
Mariana Amorim, Elisabete Alves, Henrique Barros, Susana Silva
The scope of this article is to analyze the parental roles and needs included in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit guidelines. Thematic content analysis was conducted of 33 guidelines (28 consensuses and 5 documents directed to parents) freely available on the Portuguese Pediatrics Society website in August 2014. These documents deal mainly with information needs, child care activities performed by the parents and the respective responsibilities in decision making with respect to the health of children. Furthermore, parental and family characteristics were mentioned as risk factors for prematurity and perinatal diseases...
August 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27530377/caregiving-and-social-support-for-gay-and-bisexual-men-with-prostate-cancer
#17
Benjamin D Capistrant, Beatriz Torres, Enyinnaya Merengwa, William G West, Darryl Mitteldorf, B R Simon Rosser
OBJECTIVE: Prostate cancer, the second most common cancer among men, typically onsets in middle or older age. Gay/bisexual men have different social networks and unique social support needs, particularly as it pertains to health care access and prostate side effects. Few studies have investigated the availability and provision of social support for gay and bisexual men with prostate cancer (GBMPCa). METHODS: This study used qualitative data from in-depth, semi-structured, one-on-one telephone interviews with 30 GBMPCa recruited from a national cancer support group network, Malecare...
August 17, 2016: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27519408/diabetes-miles-youth-australia-methods-and-sample-characteristics-of-a-national-survey-of-the-psychological-aspects-of-living-with-type-1-diabetes-in-australian-youth-and-their-parents
#18
Virginia Hagger, Steven Trawley, Christel Hendrieckx, Jessica L Browne, Fergus Cameron, Frans Pouwer, Timothy Skinner, Jane Speight
BACKGROUND: Type 1 diabetes is a complex and demanding condition, which places a substantial behavioural and psychological burden on young people and their families. Around one-third of adolescents with type 1 diabetes need mental health support. Parents of a child with type 1 diabetes are also at increased risk of psychological distress. A better understanding of the motivators, behaviours and psychological well-being of young people with diabetes and their parents will inform improvement of resources for supporting self-management and reducing the burden of diabetes...
2016: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27513352/life-satisfaction-in-women-with-epilepsy-during-and-after-pregnancy
#19
Simone Frizell Reiter, Marte Helene Bjørk, Anne Kjersti Daltveit, Gyri Veiby, Eivind Kolstad, Bernt A Engelsen, Nils Erik Gilhus
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate life satisfaction in women with epilepsy during and after pregnancy. METHODS: The study was based on the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study, including 102,265 women with and without epilepsy from the general population. Investigation took place at pregnancy weeks 15-19 and 6 and 18months postpartum. Women with epilepsy were compared with a reference group without epilepsy. RESULTS: The proportion of women with epilepsy was 0...
September 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27505695/emotional-interactions-in-european-american-mother-infant-firstborn-and-secondborn-dyads-a-within-family-study
#20
Marc H Bornstein, Diane L Putnick, Joan T D Suwalsky
The developmental science literature is riven with respect to (a) parental similar versus different treatment of siblings and (b) sibling similarities and differences. Most methodologies in the field are flawed or confounded. To address these issues, this study employed a within-family longitudinal design to examine developmental processes of continuity and stability in emotional interactions in mothers with their firstborn and secondborn 5-month-old infants (ns = 61 mothers and 122 infants). As independently rated by the Emotional Availability Scales, mothers' observed and coded behavioral expressions of sensitivity, structuring, nonintrusiveness, and nonhostility were consistent in group mean levels between firstborns and secondborns and (largely) between daughters and sons...
September 2016: Developmental Psychology
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