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Compression stockings

C R Lattimer, E Kalodiki, M Azzam, G Geroulakos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
K Ye, R Wang, J Qin, X Yang, M Yin, X Liu, M Jiang, X Lu
OBJECTIVE: The hypothesis that post-operative short-term compression therapy improves operation related complications in patients with uncomplicated varicose veins after endovenous laser ablation (EVLA) treatment was tested. METHODS: In this randomized trial, patients with uncomplicated varicose veins (C2 according to the CEAP classification) treated with EVLA at a single institution from January 2012 to November 2013 were enrolled. Before EVLA, patients were randomized into two groups based on whether or not (control group) they wore an elastic compression stocking (ECS group) post-operatively...
October 16, 2016: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Stephanie Preuss, Claudius Kuechle, Stefan Wagenpfeil, Christoph Schmaderer, Lutz Renders, Uwe Heemann, Konrad Stock
The aim of this retrospective single-center study was to examine ultrasound-detected complications after diagnostic parenchymal renal biopsies. After 471 ultrasound-guided kidney biopsies (225 native kidneys and 246 renal allografts), ultrasound revealed hematomas (21.9%), arterio-venous fistulas (8.9%), active bleeding (1.1%) and hematuria (0.4%). Only 0.8% of all patients required invasive intervention such as coiling (n = 3) and surgical procedures (n = 1). Three episodes of bleeding (0.6%) were solved with manual compression...
October 13, 2016: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Feng-Fei Lin, Chao-Hui Lin, Bin Chen, Ke Zheng
PURPOSE: To evaluate the comparative efficacy and safety of combination pharmacologic and graduated compression stockings (GCS) prophylaxis versus pharmacological prophylaxis alone for preventing deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) in hip surgery. METHODS: Relevant publications indexed in PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, Web of Science, Wanfang Data, CNKI and Sinomed (CBM) were identified. Appropriate articles identified from the reference lists of the above searches were also reviewed...
October 8, 2016: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
C Harzendorf, A Schmidt, T Hirsch
Prostate carcinomas are often associated with lymphedemas of the leg following surgical treatment. Lymphedema is treated using complete decongestive therapy (CDT) with manual lymph drainage and compressive bandaging or stockings. Lymphedema resulting from a distinct iliac lymph node metastasis is a rare condition. A 73-year-old patient with a diagnosed prostate carcinoma presented with distinct swelling in the right leg. Iliac and leg vein thrombosis could not be ruled out. An ultrasound image revealed a large lesion surrounding the right iliac arteries...
September 29, 2016: Der Internist
Lynn M Baniak, Carolyn S Pierce, Kenneth J McLeod, Eileen R Chasens
Prevention of lower extremity fluid pooling (LEFP) is associated with improved sleep quality. Physical activity and compression stockings are non-invasive methods used to manage LEFP, but both are associated with low adherence. Calf muscle pump (CMP) stimulation is an alternative and more convenient approach. Convenience sampling was used to recruit 11 participants between ages 45 and 65 with poor sleep quality. A within-person single-group pre-test-post-test design was used to evaluate changes in sleep quality, daytime sleepiness, and functional outcomes sensitive to impaired sleep as measured by the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Functional Outcomes of Sleep Questionnaire, and Epworth Sleepiness Scale after 4 weeks of CMP stimulation...
September 30, 2016: Research in Nursing & Health
Werner Blättler, Hans-Jürgen Thomae, Felix Amsler
OBJECTIVE: The core symptoms of venous disease include leg discomfort or pain accompanied by sensations of heavy, weighty, or swollen legs. This suggests the presence of a cause and effect relationship between swelling and pain, resulting in the assumption that a venous disorder is responsible. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between leg volume increase and symptoms provoked by a period of stationary standing and also to investigate the effect of medical compression stockings (MCS)...
October 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
Maria Boddi, Adriano Peris
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) which includes deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) is a severe complication in critically ill patients generally affected by multiorgan disfunction associated with immobilization also prolonged.Nowadays, VTE prophylaxis is included in the requirements of hospital accreditation and evaluation of the maintenance of standards of quality of care. ICU patients are characterized by a dynamic day-to-day variation both of thromboembolic that bleeding risk and DVT incidence in presence of thromboprophylaxis ranges between 5 and 15 %...
September 15, 2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Jaime Ruiz-Tovar, Carolina Llavero
Obesity itself is associated with an increased risk of thromboembolic events. Moreover, most bariatric procedures actually are performed by laparoscopic approach, implying an increased intraabdominal pressure during the surgical procedure that may favor the development of thrombus. Therefore, bariatric surgery is considered a high-risk procedure for thromboembolic events. Actual recommendations are to include low molecular weight heparins (LMWH) and compression stockings in the primary prophylaxis of thromboembolic events...
September 15, 2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Andrew Busuttil, Chung Sim Lim, Alun H Davies
Venous insufficiency following deep venous thrombosis is known as the post thrombotic syndrome. Whilst its presentation and symptoms can vary slightly between individuals, it can have a profound effect on quality of life. Symptoms range from mild limb swelling to severe intractable ulceration. A number of scoring systems have been developed to help monitor the disease progression, response to treatment as well as to classify patients for research purposes.Treatment involves a combination of therapies, including compression stockings, venous stenting for out flow obstruction and in some instances deep venous bypass...
September 15, 2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Andrew C Preston, John F Taylor, Per Gunnar Fjelldal, Tom Hansen, Hervé Migaud
The physiological effect of temperature on feed intake and haematological parameters after exhaustive swimming in diploid and triploid brown trout (Salmo trutta) was investigated. Trout were exposed to an incremental temperature challenge (2 °C/day) from ambient (6 °C) to either 10 or 19 °C. Feed intake profiles did not differ between ploidy at 10 °C; however, triploids had a significantly higher total feed intake at 19 °C. After 24 days, each temperature-ploidy group was exposed to exhaustive swimming for 10 min...
September 13, 2016: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
Mike J Clarke, Cathryn Broderick, Sally Hopewell, Ed Juszczak, Anne Eisinga
BACKGROUND: Air travel might increase the risk of deep vein thrombosis (DVT). It has been suggested that wearing compression stockings might reduce this risk. This is an update of the review first published in 2006. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of wearing compression stockings versus not wearing them for preventing DVT in people travelling on flights lasting at least four hours. SEARCH METHODS: For this update the Cochrane Vascular Information Specialist (CIS) searched the Specialised Register (10 February 2016)...
September 14, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Ros Wade, Fiona Paton, Nerys Woolacott
AIM: The aim of this study was to explore patient preference and adherence to thigh and knee length graduated compression stockings for the prevention of deep vein thrombosis in surgical patients. BACKGROUND: Hospitalised patients are at risk of developing deep vein thrombosis. Mechanical methods of prophylaxis include compression stockings, available as knee or thigh length. Patient adherence to correct stocking use is of critical importance to their effectiveness...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Karan Malhotra, Joseph S Butler, Adam Benton, Sean Molloy
Foot drop is a debilitating condition, which may take many months to recover. The most common cause of foot drop is a neuropathy of the common peroneal nerve (CPN). However, similar symptoms can be caused by proximal lesions of the sciatic nerve, lumbar plexus or L5 nerve root. We present a rare and unusual case of a patient undergoing spinal surgery at the level of L5/S1 and presenting 4 weeks postoperatively with progressive foot drop. Although the initial concern was a postoperative lesion at L5, the cause for this delayed presentation was extrinsic compression of the CPN at the level of the fibular head by a tight-fitting below-knee thromboembolic deterrent stocking...
September 2016: Oxford Medical Case Reports
Veronica Southard, Joanne DiFrancisco-Donoghue, James Mackay, Stephanie Idjadi, Neil Wright
BACKGROUND: Symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD) include bradykinesia, gait abnormalities, balance deficits, restless leg syndrome, and muscular fatigue. Compression garments (CG) have been shown to improve performance in athletes by increasing venous return and reduce lactic acid. OBJECTIVE: Assess the effect of compression garments on the performance of 3 standardized functional tests in persons with PD. METHODOLOGY: The functional tests selected represented strength, endurance, and mobility measures in individuals with PD...
July 2016: International Journal of Health Sciences
Ngoh C Liew, Gina V Alemany, Pantep Angchaisuksiri, Soo M Bang, Gordon Choi, Deidre A De Silva, Ji M Hong, Limi Lee, Yong J Li, Ganesan N Rajamoney, John Suviraj, Thiam C Tan, Eric Tse, Li T Teo, Julie Jvisperas, Raymond S Wong, Lai H Lee
The Asian venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis guidelines was first published in 2012. Since its first edition, the Asian Venous Thrombosis Forum (AVTF) working group have updated the Asian VTE epidemiology and reviewed issues that were not addressed in the previous guidelines. The authors noted that the rising incidence of VTE across Asia may be attributable to aging population, dietary changes, and increasing incidence of obesity and diabetes. The new additions in the guideline include role of thrombophilia in VTE, bleeding risk in Asians, individual risk assessment, updates in the prevention of VTE in medically ill, bariatric surgery, cancer, orthopaedic and trauma patients...
September 8, 2016: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
Nam Ki Kim, Tae Kyun Kim, Jong Min Kim, Churl Hong Chun
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to provide information on the actual status and prevailing trend of prophylaxis for venous thromboembolism (VTE) following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in South Korea. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Korean Knee Society (KKS) developed a questionnaire with 6 clinical questions on VTE. The questionnaire was distributed to all members of KKS by both postal and online mail. Participants were asked to supply details on their specialty and to select methods of prophylaxis they employ...
September 2016: Knee Surgery & related Research
Ari Morimoto, Ko-Ron Chen
BACKGROUND: There is controversy on whether lymphocytic thrombophilic arteritis (LTA) and macular arteritis (MA) are a different entity from cutaneous polyarteritis nodosa (C-PAN). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the controversy on LTA/MA by examining the morphologic changes during the dynamic inflammatory process. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A clinical and histopathological investigation of 46 biopsy specimens from 21 histopathologically proven C-PAN patients at our hospital was performed...
September 4, 2016: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
Olivier Espitia, Brigitte Dréno, Elisabeth Cassagnau, Quentin Didier, Thibaut Quillard, Christelle Nicol, Yann Le Bouch, Bernard Planchon, Marc-Antoine Pistorius
Although exercise-induced vasculitis (EIV) is usually misdiagnosed, it is not uncommon. Occurring mostly after prolonged exercise, especially in hot weather, EIV is an isolated cutaneous vasculitis with stereotypical presentation. This article reviews the clinical characteristics, treatments, and outcomes of EIV based on the published literature. We report 99 patients who developed EIV after walking, dancing, swimming, or hiking especially during hot weather, including the records of 16 patients with EIV treated at our hospital from 2007 to 2015...
September 3, 2016: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
Y Whitney Cheung, Saskia Middeldorp, Martin H Prins, Akos F Pap, Anthonie W A Lensing, Arina J Ten Cate-Hoek, Sabina Villalta, Marta Milan, Jan Beyer-Westendorf, Peter Verhamme, Rupert M Bauersachs, Paolo Prandoni
Post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS) is a common complication of deep-vein thrombosis (DVT). Poor quality treatment with vitamin K antagonists (VKA) is a risk factor for PTS. We hypothesised that treatment with the direct oral anticoagulant (DOAC) rivaroxaban may lower PTS incidence as compared to enoxaparin/VKA, as DOACs have a more stable pharmacologic profile than VKA. We performed a post-hoc subgroup analysis of the Einstein DVT trial (n=3449). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was performed to compare the cumulative incidence of PTS between the rivaroxaban and enoxaparin/VKA groups...
September 27, 2016: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
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