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Compression stockings

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150108/economy-class-syndrome-what-is-it-and-who-are-the-individuals-at-risk
#1
Luci Maria SantAna Dusse, Marcos Vinícius Ferreira Silva, Letícia Gonçalves Freitas, Milena Soriano Marcolino, Maria das Graças Carvalho
The term 'economy class syndrome' refers to the occurrence of thrombotic events during long-haul flights that mainly occur in passengers in the economy class of the aircraft. This syndrome results from several factors related to the aircraft cabin (immobilization, hypobaric hypoxia and low humidity) and the passenger (body mass index, thrombophilia, oral contraceptives or hormone replacement therapy, cancer), acting together to predispose to excessive blood coagulation, which can result in venous thromboembolism...
October 2017: Revista Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129457/acute-effects-of-graduated-elastic-compression-stockings-in-patients-with-symptomatic-varicose-veins-a-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#2
Stavros K Kakkos, Marios Timpilis, Panayiotis Patrinos, Konstantinos M Nikolakopoulos, Chrysanthi P Papageorgopoulou, Anastasia K Kouri, Ioannis Ntouvas, Spyros I Papadoulas, George C Lampropoulos, Ioannis A Tsolakis
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effectiveness of graduated elastic compression stockings (GECS) below the knee in improving symptoms in patients with varicose veins in the absence of high quality evidence. METHODS: This was a randomised double blind placebo controlled trial. Thirty patients with no experience of elastic stockings, presenting with primary varicose veins causing calf pain or aching were randomised to a GECS (18-21 mmHg at the ankle level, n=15) or a placebo stocking (0 mmHg, n=15)...
November 10, 2017: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126956/effect-of-graduated-compression-stockings-on-venous-lower-limb-hemodynamics-in-healthy-amateur-runners
#3
Oswaldo Teno Castilho Junior, Nei Rodrigues Alves Dezotti, Marcelo Bellini Dalio, Edwaldo Edner Joviliano, Carlos Eli Piccinato
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to analyze the effect of graduated compression stockings (GCS) on venous lower limb hemodynamics in healthy amateur runners. METHODS: Ten runners were evaluated during rest and after a 10-km run without and with knee-high GCS of 20 to 30 mm Hg. Air plethysmography evaluated venous filling index (VFI), ejection fraction, and residual volume fraction (RVF) in both limbs. Capillary lactate level and heart rate were also measured...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121664/does-preoperative-mechanical-prophylaxis-have-additional-effectiveness-in-preventing-postoperative-venous-thromboembolism-in-elderly-patients-with-hip-fracture-retrospective-case-control-study
#4
Ji-Hoon Nam, Dae-Hwan Kim, Je-Hyun Yoo, Ji-Hyo Hwang, Jun-Dong Chang
BACKGROUND: Elderly patients undergoing hip fracture surgery (HFS) are at increased risk of postoperative venous thromboembolism (VTE). To reduce this risk, combined postoperative mechanical and chemical thromboprophylaxis has been routinely performed after HFS in these patients. This retrospective case-control study was conducted to evaluate the additional effectiveness of preoperative mechanical thromboprophylaxis for the prevention of VTE following HFS in elderly patients. METHODS: Of 539 consecutive patients aged 70 years or older undergoing HFS, 404 (control group) did not receive preoperative mechanical thromboprophylaxis, while 135 (study group) received mechanical thromboprophylaxis using an intermittent pneumatic compression device and graduated compression stockings from the time of admission until surgery...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112550/european-guidelines-on-perioperative-venous-thromboembolism-prophylaxis-mechanical-prophylaxis
#5
Arash Afshari, Christian Fenger-Eriksen, Manuel Monreal, Peter Verhamme
: Institutional protocols need to address the indications for pharmacological and mechanical thromboprophylaxis. The use of graduated compression stockings (GCS) and intermittent pneumatic compression (IPC) strongly differs between institutions. As a consequence, no strong recommendations can be made based on the contemporary high-level evidence. Although different clinical practices can be supported, such approaches should be part of an institutional strategy to reduce the burden of venous thromboembolism (VTE)...
November 6, 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112546/european-guidelines-on-perioperative-venous-thromboembolism-prophylaxis-surgery-in-the-obese-patient
#6
Linas Venclauskas, Almantas Maleckas, Juan I Arcelus
: A systematic literature search was performed and patients were selected as obese patients undergoing bariatric surgery or obese patients undergoing nonbariatric surgical procedures. In addition, patients were stratified according to low risk of venous thromboembolism and high risk of venous thromboembolism (age >55 years, BMI >55 kg m, history of venous thromboembolism, venous disease, sleep apnoea, hypercoagulability or pulmonary hypertension). Prophylaxis of venous thromboembolism was analysed depending on the type of modality: compression devices of the lower extremities (including intermittent pneumatic compression and graduated compression stockings), pharmacological prophylaxis or inferior vena cava filters...
November 6, 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082755/influence-of-different-types-of-compression-garments-on-exercise-induced-muscle-damage-markers-after-a-soccer-match
#7
Diego Marqués-Jiménez, Julio Calleja-González, Iñaki Arratibel-Imaz, Anne Delextrat, Fernando Uriarte, Nicolás Terrados
There is not enough evidence of positive effects of compression therapy on the recovery of soccer players after matches. Therefore, the objective was to evaluate the influence of different types of compression garments in reducing exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD) during recovery after a friendly soccer match. Eighteen semi-professional soccer players (24 ± 4.07 years, 177 ± 5 cm; 71.8 ± 6.28 kg and 22.73 ± 1.81 BMI) participated in this study. A two-stage crossover design was chosen. Participants acted as controls in one match and were assigned to an experimental group (compression stockings group, full-leg compression group, shorts group) in the other match...
October 30, 2017: Research in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076179/the-ecological-consequences-of-forest-elephant-declines-for-afrotropical-forests
#8
John R Poulsen, Cooper Rosin, Amelia Meier, Emily Mills, Chase Nunez, Sally E Koerner, Emily Blanchard, Jennifer Callejas, Sarah Moore, Mark Sowers
Poaching is rapidly extirpating African forest elephants (Loxodonta cyclotis) from most of their historical range, leaving vast areas of elephant-free tropical forest. Elephants are ecological engineers that create and maintain forest habitat, thus their loss will have strong consequences for the composition and structure of Afrotropical forests. We evaluated the roles of forest elephants in seed dispersal, nutrient recycling, and herbivory and physical damage to predict the cascading ecological effects of their population declines...
October 27, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033376/evolution-of-prophylaxis-protocols-for-venous-thromboembolism-in-neurosurgery-results-from-a-prospective-comparative-study-on-low-molecular-weight-heparin-elastic-stockings-and-intermittent-pneumatic-compression-devices
#9
Salvatore Chibbaro, Helene Cebula, Julien Todeschi, Marco Fricia, Doris Vigouroux, Houssem Abid, Houssen Kourbanhoussen, Raoul Pop, Beniamino Nannavecchia, Arthur Gubian, Lara Prisco, Gianfranco K I Ligarotti, Francois Proust, Mario Ganau
BACKGROUND: The incidence of venous thromboembolism (VT) in neurosurgical practice is astonishingly high, representing a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Prophylaxis strategies include elastic stockings, low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH), and intermittent pneumatic compression (IPC) devices. OBJECTIVE: To assess the safety and efficacy of 2 different VT prophylaxis protocols implemented in a European neurosurgical center. METHODS: All patients admitted for neurosurgical intervention between 2012 and 2016 were stratified as low, moderate, and high risk of VT and received a combination of elastic stockings and LMWH...
October 13, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993089/a-two-cohort-feasibility-study-on-polyglycolic-acid-yarn-implantation-for-abolition-of-saphenous-vein-reflux
#10
Thomas M Proebstle, Bettina Kleis-Fischer, Thomas Möhler, Oliver Goeckeritz, Ian J Franklin, Jose I Almeida
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and safety of a polyglycolic acid (PGA) yarn implant for nonthermal ablation of saphenous vein reflux. METHODS: In two consecutive cohort studies (TAHOE I and TAHOE II), the feasibility of abolition of great saphenous vein (GSV) reflux by implantation of a PGA yarn was tested under ultrasound guidance in 51 and 30 patients, respectively. The use of tumescent local anesthesia was not required...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976394/-approach-to-venous-diseases-in-the-elderly
#11
Ahmet Kürşat Bozkurt, Ozan Onur Balkanay
Incidence and severity of both deep vein thrombosis and chronic venous insufficiency are increased with age. Today, however, the significance of these diseases in the elderly patient population are still poorly comprehended. Although most patients have a history of previous treatment, chronic venous insufficiency is usually encountered in the advanced clinical stage. As a result, there is an increase in mobility restrictions, the need for assistance in daily activities and the risk of falls in elderly patients...
September 2017: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961047/approaches-to-the-application-and-removal-of-compression-therapy-a-literature-review
#12
Lauren Balcombe, Charne Miller, William McGuiness
Compression therapy is used in the treatment of venous disorders, lymphoedema and burns. Adherence to compression therapy is reported to be poor, due to a number of factors, including difficulty in applying and removing the compression garments. A literature review was conducted to identify aids, equipment and other approaches to ease the application and removal of compression therapy garments. Some 12 studies were identified. Most studies focused on chronic venous insufficiency and venous ulcers. Four methods of easing compression garment application and removal were identified: (1) devices to assist in application and removal; (2) altered compression stocking design; (3) adjustable compression wrap devices; and (4) education...
October 1, 2017: British Journal of Community Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960850/a-survey-of-knowledge-and-application-of-mechanical-thromboprophylaxis-among-the-medical-staff-of-intensive-care-units-in-north-china
#13
Bing Sun, Xiao Tang, Lirong Liang, Zhaohui Tong
INTRODUCTION: Mechanical prophylaxis with graduated compression stockings (GCS) or intermittent pneumatic compression (IPC) is suggested for patients who are bleeding or at high risk for major bleeding. OBJECTIVES: To explore how intensive care unit (ICU) medical staff in North China comprehend and practice mechanical thromboprophylaxis. METHODS: Questionnaires comprising 39 questions including 4 dimensions of thromboprophylaxis were administered in ICUs in North China...
September 28, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951636/management-of-unstable-pertrochanteric-fractures-with-proximal-femoral-locking-compression-plates-and-affect-of-neck-shaft-angle-on-functional-outcomes
#14
Emrah Kovalak, Cenk Ermutlu, Tolga Atay, Özgür Başal
BACKGROUND: Management of unstable pertrochanteric fractures remains a challenge with various implant choices. Intramedullary devices are usually preferred for the management of the unstable fractures. When nailing is unsuitable for the configuration of the fracture extra medullary procedures are preferred. PFLCP is a contact limited implant that allows multiple angularly stable fixations with preserving more bone stock after implantation as an extramedullary implant. There are only a few reports in the literature about the osteosynthesis of unstable trochanteric fractures with proximal femoral locking compression plates and their results are conflicting...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950030/compression-therapy-for-prevention-of-post-thrombotic-syndrome
#15
REVIEW
Diebrecht Appelen, Eva van Loo, Martin H Prins, Martino Ham Neumann, Dinanda N Kolbach
BACKGROUND: Post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS) is a long-term complication of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) that is characterised by chronic pain, swelling, and skin changes in the affected limb. One of every three people with DVT will develop post-thrombotic complications within five years. Several non-pharmaceutical measures are used for prevention of post-thrombotic syndrome during the acute phase of DVT. These include elevation of the legs and compression therapy. Clinicians and guidelines differ in their assessment of the utility of compression therapy for treatment of DVT...
September 26, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921057/dvt-prevention-in-stroke
#16
REVIEW
Christopher Goshgarian, Philip B Gorelick
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to discuss the prevention of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in stroke patients. We discuss use of oral anticoagulation and other interventions for the prevention of VTE. A new class of medications, non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs), have been successfully trialed for the prevention of VTE. We review the data and guidance statements for VTE prevention. RECENT FINDINGS: Warfarin and vitamin K antagonist drugs have been the mainstay of VTE prevention for decades...
September 18, 2017: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893753/a-randomised-controlled-trial-comparing-venous-stenting-with-conservative-treatment-in-patients-with-deep-venous-obstruction-research-protocol
#17
Timme Maj van Vuuren, Jorinde H H van Laanen, Maaike de Geus, Patty J Nelemans, Rick de Graaf, Cees H A Wittens
INTRODUCTION: Deep venous obstruction (DVO) has a great impact on quality of life (QoL) comparable to angina pectoris or chronic pulmonary disease. Post-thrombotic scar formation and May-Thurner syndrome (MTS) are the most common causes of DVO. Conventional treatment of DVO focuses on reducing pain or leg swelling by use of (pain) medication and therapeutic elastic stockings. In the past, a venous bypass was offered in severe post-thrombotic cases, but this procedure showed bad clinical and patency outcomes...
September 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835857/maintenance-of-the-results-of-stage-ii-lower-limb-lymphedema-treatment-after-normalization-of-leg-size
#18
Jose Maria Pereira de Godoy, Henrique Jose Pereira de Godoy, Renata Lopes Pinto, Fernando Nestor Facio, Maria de Fatima Guerreiro Godoy
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify strategies to transfer responsibility of the maintenance of the results of lymphedema treatment to the patient. METHODS: Maintenance of the reduction of edema was evaluated in a prospective clinical trial in patients with Stage II leg lymphedema. Twenty-one lymphedematous lower limbs were evaluated in Clínica Godoy in 2014 and 2016. The evaluation was done by volumetry at baseline and weekly thereafter for volume control...
2017: International Journal of Vascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827300/near-toe-amputation-from-prolonged-compression-stocking-use
#19
Victoria Ward, Ben Lovell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 21, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818225/patient-centered-outcomes-of-a-dual-action-pneumatic-compression-device-in-comparison-to-compression-stockings-for-patients-with-chronic-venous-disease
#20
Fedor Lurie, Marc Schwartz
OBJECTIVE: The ACTitouch (AT) device (Tactile Medical, Minneapolis, Minn) represents a new generation of pneumatic compression devices by combining sustained compression with intermittent pneumatic compression. The sustained compression mode provides automatic pressure adjustment every 30 minutes, ensuring pressure consistency regardless of leg volume changes and environmental influences. Designed for mobile patients, this device has not been studied in comparison to standard compression stockings (CS)...
September 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
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