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Compression stockings

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214491/relationship-between-patient-reported-symptoms-limitations-in-daily-activities-and-psychological-impact-in-varicose-veins
#1
Rajiv Mallick, Brajesh Kumar Lal, Claire Daugherty
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between patient-reported symptoms, functional limitations, and psychological impact of varicose veins (VVs) vs pathophysiologic mechanism, incorporating demographic and behavioral factors. METHODS: We conducted a pooled analysis from two clinical studies (Efficacy and Safety Study of Polidocanol Injectable Foam for the Treatment of Saphenofemoral Junction Incompetence [VANISH-1] and Polidocanol Endovenous Microfoam Versus Vehicle for the Treatment of Saphenofemoral Junction Incompetence [VANISH-2]) in patients with VVs (superficial venous reflux only)...
March 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214489/ablation-of-the-great-saphenous-vein-with-nontumescent-n-butyl-cyanoacrylate-versus-endovenous-laser-therapy
#2
İsmail Koramaz, Helin El Kılıç, Fatih Gökalp, Macit Bitargil, Nilüfer Bektaş, Ersoy Engin, Mehmet Taşkın Egici, Ahmet Kürşat Bozkurt
OBJECTIVE: The endovenous application of n-butyl cyanoacrylate (NBCA) is a new nontumescent ablation technique for the treatment of venous insufficiency. The aim of this study was to retrospectively compare an NBCA-based ablation method with endovenous laser ablation (EVLA) for the management of incompetent great saphenous veins. METHODS: Between May 2013 and August 2014, there were 339 patients with incompetent varicose veins who were treated with either the endovenous application of NBCA (VariClose Vein Sealing System [VVSS]; Biolas, Ankara, Turkey) or EVLA...
March 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210817/-compression-therapy-of-chronic-leg-ulcers-practical-aspects
#3
J Dissemond, K Protz, J Hug, S Reich-Schupke, K Kröger
Compression therapy, together with modern moist wound treatment, is the basis for a successful conservative treatment of patients with chronic leg ulcers. In clinical practice, it is often the patients themselves who apply compression therapies. Many of the mostly elderly patients, however, are not able to reach their legs and feet due to movement restrictions, such as arthritis, arthrosis and even obesity. An adequate compression therapy also requires extensive experience and regular training. In practice only the minority of patients can perform bandaging well and therefore this should not be recommended...
February 16, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126354/strain-analysis-of-9-different-abutments-for-cement-retained-crowns-on-an-internal-hexagonal-implant
#4
Louai G Salaita, Burak Yilmaz, Jeremy D Seidt, Nancy L Clelland, Hua-Hong Chien, Edwin A McGlumphy
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Many aftermarket abutments for cement-retained crowns are available for the tapered screw-vent implant. Aftermarket abutments vary widely, from stock to custom abutments and in materials such as zirconia, titanium, or a combination of the two. How these aftermarket abutments perform under occlusal loads with regard to strain distribution is not clear. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to measure and compare the different strains placed upon the bone around implants by 9 different abutments for cement-retained crowns on an implant with an internal hexagonal platform...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114462/review-compression-stockings-reduce-symptomless-dvt-in-airline-passengers
#5
David Garcia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081355/oral-delivery-of-probiotics-in-poultry-using-ph-sensitive-tablets
#6
Tao Jiang, Hui-Shan Li, Geon Goo Han, Bijay Singh, Sang-Kee Kang, Jin-Duck Bok, Dae-Duk Kim, Zhong-Shan Hong, Yun-Jaie Choi, Chong-Su Cho
As alternatives to antibiotics in live stocks, probiotics have been used although most of them in the form of liquid or semisolid formulations which show low cell viability after oral administration. Therefore, suitable dry dosage forms should be developed for live stocks to protect probiotics against the low pH in the stomach such that the products have higher probiotics survivability. Here, in order to develop a dry dosage forms of probiotics for poultry, we used hydroxyproyl methylcellulose phthalate 55 (HPMCP 55) as a tablet forming matrix to develop probiotics in a tablet form for poultry...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078355/-compression-therapy-of-venous-leg-ulcers-in-the-decongestion-phase
#7
REVIEW
J Dissemond, S Eder, S Läuchli, H Partsch, M Stücker, W Vanscheidt
Compression therapy is the basis for successful treatment in most patients with venous leg ulcers. Concerning compression therapy, the initial phase of decongestion and the following phase of maintenance should be differentiated. While in the maintenance phase (ulcer) stocking systems are now frequently recommended, in the decongestion phase compression bandages are mostly still used, which however are often inappropriately applied. In German-speaking countries, compression therapy with short-stretch bandages has a long tradition...
January 11, 2017: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024662/quantifying-the-competing-relationship-between-adduction-range-of-motion-and-baseplate-micromotion-with-lateralization-of-reverse-total-shoulder-arthroplasty
#8
Josie Elwell, Joseph Choi, Ryan Willing
Lateralizing the center of rotation (COR) of reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (rTSA) could improve functional outcomes and mitigate scapular notching, a commonly occurring complication of the procedure. However, resulting increases in torque at the bone-implant interface may negatively affect initial fixation of the glenoid-side component, especially if only two fixation screws can be placed. Shoulder-specific finite element (FE) models of four fresh-frozen cadaveric shoulders were constructed. Scapular geometry and material property distributions were derived from CT data...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992134/compression-therapy-current-practice-of-care-level-of-knowledge-in-patients-with-venous-leg-ulcers
#9
Kerstin Protz, Kristina Heyer, Joachim Dissemond, Barbara Temme, Karl-Christian Münter, Ida Verheyen-Cronau, Katharina Klose, Carsten Hampel-Kalthoff, Matthias Augustin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Compression therapy is a mainstay in the causal treatment of patients with venous leg ulcers. It facilitates healing, reduces pain and recurrences, and increases quality of life. Up until now, there is a scarcity of scientific data with respect to the level of care and the specific knowledge of patients with venous leg ulcers. PATIENTS AND METHODS: At first presentation, patients with venous leg ulcers anonymously answered a standardized questionnaire...
December 2016: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979378/simple-additive-manufacturing-of-an-osteoconductive-ceramic-using-suspension-melt-extrusion
#10
Casper Slots, Martin Bonde Jensen, Nicholas Ditzel, Martin A B Hedegaard, Søren Wiatr Borg, Ole Albrektsen, Torben Thygesen, Moustapha Kassem, Morten Østergaard Andersen
OBJECTIVE: Craniofacial bone trauma is a leading reason for surgery at most hospitals. Large pieces of destroyed or resected bone are often replaced with non-resorbable and stock implants, and these are associated with a variety of problems. This paper explores the use of a novel fatty acid/calcium phosphate suspension melt for simple additive manufacturing of ceramic tricalcium phosphate implants. METHODS: A wide variety of non-aqueous liquids were tested to determine the formulation of a storable 3D printable tricalcium phosphate suspension ink, and only fatty acid-based inks were found to work...
December 12, 2016: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974371/patients-perceptions-and-experiences-of-the-prevention-of-hospital-acquired-thrombosis-a-qualitative-study
#11
Patricia N Apenteng, David Fitzmaurice, Ian Litchfield, Sian Harrison, Carl Heneghan, Alison Ward, Sheila Greenfield
OBJECTIVE: To examine patients' understanding of hospital-associated thrombosis, and their experiences of thromboprophylaxis. DESIGN: Qualitative study using semi-structured interviews with 31 patients requiring venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis following a recent hospital admission. Interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim and analysed thematically using framework analysis. SETTING: 4 hospitals in Birmingham and Oxford...
December 13, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941163/effects-of-accumulating-work-shifts-on-performance-based-fatigue-using-multiple-strength-measurements-in-day-and-night-shift-nurses-and-aides
#12
Brennan J Thompson, Matt S Stock, Victoria K Banuelas
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the effects of accumulating nursing work on maximal and rapid strength characteristics in female nurses and compare these effects in day versus night shift workers. BACKGROUND: Nurses exhibit among the highest nonfatal injury rates of all occupations, which may be a consequence of long, cumulative work shift schedules. Fatigue may accumulate across multiple shifts and lead to performance impairments, which in turn may be linked to injury risks...
December 9, 2016: Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940899/prospective-randomized-controlled-study-of-patient-compliance-in-using-a-compression-stocking-importance-of-recommendations-of-the-practitioner-as-a-factor-for-better-compliance
#13
Jean-François Uhl, Jean-Patrick Benigni, Maxime Chahim, Delinotte Fréderic
BACKGROUND: Patient compliance is the cornerstone of compression therapy success. However, there has been up to now no tool to assess it other than self-reporting by the patient, which is not reliable. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty active females classified C2S were enrolled to wear compression stockings (CS) providing a pressure of 15-20 mmHg at the ankle.A thermal probe was inserted in the stocking (Thermotrack®), recording the skin temperature every 20 min for four weeks...
December 9, 2016: Phlebology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932625/advantages-and-disadvantages-of-graduated-and-inverse-graduated-compression-hosiery-in-patients-with-chronic-venous-insufficiency-and-healthy-volunteers-a-prospective-mono-centric-blinded-open-randomised-controlled-and-cross-over-trial
#14
Helene Riebe, Wolfgang Konschake, Hermann Haase, Michael Jünger
BACKGROUND: The therapeutic effectiveness of compression therapy depends on the selection of compression hosiery. OBJECTIVES: To assess efficacy and tolerability of graduated elastic compression stockings (GECS) and inverse graduated elastic compression stockings (PECS). METHODS: Thirty-two healthy volunteers and thirty-two patients with chronic venous insufficiency were analysed; wear period: one week for each stocking type (randomised, blinded)...
December 8, 2016: Phlebology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932292/graduated-compression-stockings-does-not-decrease-walking-capacity-and-muscle-oxygen-saturation-during-six-minute-walk-test-in-intermittent-claudication-patients
#15
Bruno Remígio Cavalcante, Raphael Mendes Ritti-Dias, Antônio Henrique Germano Soares, Wagner Jorge Ribeiro Domingues, Glauco Fernandes Saes, Flávio Henrique Duarte, Aline de Paula da Cruz, Nelson Wolosker, Pedro Puech-Leão, Gabriel Grizzo Cucato, Antonio Eduardo Zerati
BACKGROUND: We analyze the effects of graduated compression stoking (GCS) on walking capacity and oxygen saturation in intermittent claudication (IC) patients. METHODS: Eighteen patients with IC performed the six-minute walking test in two conditions in random order: GCS or placebo sock. Onset claudication distance and total walking distance were obtained. The calf muscle oxygen saturation was continuously monitored before, during and after six-minute walk test...
December 5, 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932155/late-allograft-renal-vein-thrombosis-treated-with-anticoagulation-alone-a-case-report
#16
C Ferreira, L Pereira, P Pereira, I Tavares, S Sampaio, M Bustorff, M Pestana
BACKGROUND: Allograft renal vein thrombosis is a rare complication of kidney transplantation. Most cases occur in the first 2 weeks after transplantation, but there are cases described many years after the transplant surgery. Allograft loss is the usual outcome. METHODS: We present a case of a renal transplant recipient with allograft renal vein thrombosis associated with deep venous thrombosis of a lower limb, 9 years after transplantation. He was successfully treated with anticoagulation alone, with recovery of allograft function...
November 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913509/the-post-thrombotic-syndrome
#17
Susan R Kahn
The post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS) is a frequent, sometimes disabling complication of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) that reduces quality of life and is costly. This article discusses risk factors for PTS after DVT and available means to prevent and treat PTS, with a focus on new information in the field. After DVT, PTS will develop in 20% to 50% of patients, and severe PTS, including venous ulcers, will develop in 5% to 10%. The principal risk factors for PTS are anatomically extensive DVT, recurrent ipsilateral DVT, persistent leg symptoms 1 month after acute DVT, obesity, and older age...
December 2, 2016: Hematology—the Education Program of the American Society of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901494/efficacy-of-intermittent-pneumatic-compression-for-venous-thromboembolism-prophylaxis-in-patients-undergoing-gynecologic-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Jian-Ping Feng, Yu-Ting Xiong, Zi-Qi Fan, Li-Jie Yan, Jing-Yun Wang, Ze-Juan Gu
We sought to comprehensively assess the efficacy of Intermittent Pneumatic Compression (IPC) in patients undergoing gynecologic surgery. A computerized literature search was conducted in Pubmed, Embase and Cochrane Library databases. Seven randomized controlled trials involving 1001 participants were included. Compared with control, IPC significantly lowered the deep vein thrombosis (DVT) risk [risk ratio (RR) = 0.33, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.16 - 0.66]. The incidence of DVT in IPC and drugs group was similar (4...
November 25, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886005/compression-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-venous-insufficiency-efficacy-depending-on-the-length-of-the-stocking
#19
Wolfgang Konschake, Helene Riebe, P Pediaditi, Hermann Haase, Michael Jünger, Stine Lutze
BACKGROUND: Below knee two-component compression stockings (AD) have revealed as effective for compression treatment of venous leg ulcers. Upto groin, thigh length stocking (AG) may enhance clinical effects, however wear comfort of these stocking may be affected. OBJECTIVE: venous haemodynamic in relation to the length of compression stockings. METHODS: A two-component AD stocking (37 mmHg) and two thigh length stockings (AG 37, with an interface pressure of 37 mmHg; AG 45, with an interface pressure of 45 mmHg) were tested by 16 patients with CVI...
2016: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879096/compression-therapy-in-patients-with-venous-leg-ulcers
#20
REVIEW
Joachim Dissemond, Bernd Assenheimer, Anke Bültemann, Veronika Gerber, Silvia Gretener, Elisabeth Kohler-von Siebenthal, Sonja Koller, Knut Kröger, Peter Kurz, Severin Läuchli, Christian Münter, Eva-Maria Panfil, Sebastian Probst, Kerstin Protz, Gunnar Riepe, Robert Strohal, Jürg Traber, Hugo Partsch
Wund-D.A.CH. is the umbrella organization of the various wound care societies in German-speaking countries. The present consensus paper on practical aspects pertinent to compression therapy in patients with venous leg ulcers was developed by experts from Germany, Austria, and Switzerland. In Europe, venous leg ulcers rank among the most common causes of chronic wounds. Apart from conservative and interventional wound and vein treatment, compression therapy represents the basis of all other therapeutic strategies...
November 2016: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
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