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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742993/performance-and-return-to-sport-after-achilles-tendon-repair-in-national-football-league-players
#1
Robert A Jack, Kyle R Sochacki, Stephanie S Gardner, Patrick C McCulloch, David M Lintner, Pedro E Cosculluela, Kevin E Varner, Joshua D Harris
BACKGROUND: Achilles tendon injuries are common in sports, including football. The purpose of this study was to determine (1) return-to-sport rate in National Football League (NFL) players following Achilles tendon repair, (2) postoperative career length and games per season, (3) pre- and postoperative performance, and (4) postoperative performance compared with control players matched by position, age, years of experience, and performance. METHODS: Publicly available records were used to identify NFL players who underwent Achilles tendon repair and matched controls were identified...
July 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741324/-endoscopic-treatment-for-the-posterior-impingement-of-the-ankle
#2
A Cuéllar-Avaroma, M A King-Hayata, M C Martínez-de Anda, M King-Martínez, A C King-Martínez
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain on the posterior portion of the ankle is often due to posterior impingement between bony or soft tissue structures. The presence of an os trigonum or a prominent posterior apophysis of the talus can produce this impingement. The purpose of this study was to assess the outcome of hindfoot endoscopy in patients with a diagnosis of posterior ankle impingement. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We studied 24 individuals who underwent a posterior ankle endoscopic procedure during the period between 2008 and 2012, with the diagnosis of posterior ankle impingement...
January 2017: Acta Ortopédica Mexicana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739299/surgical-treatment-of-acute-type-v-acromioclavicular-joint-dislocations-in-professional-athletes-an-anatomic-ligament-reconstruction-with-synthetic-implant-augmentation
#3
Ioannis K Triantafyllopoulos, Kalliopi Lampropoulou-Adamidou, Nikitas P Schizas, Eleftherios V Karadimas
BACKGROUND: Most acromioclavicular (AC) joint injuries occur in men in their third decade of life during high-speed or high-impact body contact sports. The management of acute complete AC joint dislocation is surgical. Current surgical techniques include anatomic reconstruction of the main restraints of the AC joint and aim to improve functional outcomes and to reduce the complication rate. METHODS: We present 10 cases of acute type V AC joint dislocation in professional athletes treated surgically with anatomic reconstruction of the coracoclavicular and AC ligaments and augmentation with the use of a synthetic polyester tape...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736353/sport-related-structural-brain-injury-three-cases-of-subdural-hemorrhage-in-american-high-school-football
#4
Aaron M Yengo-Kahn, Ryan M Gardner, Andrew W Kuhn, Gary S Solomon, Christopher M Bonfield, Scott L Zuckerman
BACKGROUND: The risk of sport-related concussion (SRC) has emerged as a major public health concern. In rare instances, sport-related head injuries can be even more severe, such as subdural hemorrhage, epidural hemorrhage, or malignant cerebral edema. Unlike SRCs, sport-related structural brain injury (SRSBI) is rare, may require neurosurgical intervention, and can lead to permanent neurologic deficit or death. Data characterizing SRSBI is limited and many have recognized the need to better understand these catastrophic brain injuries...
July 20, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735282/a-systematic-review-of-criteria-used-to-define-recovery-from-sport-related-concussion-in-youth-athletes
#5
REVIEW
Mohammad Nadir Haider, John J Leddy, Sonja Pavlesen, Melissa Kluczynski, John G Baker, Jeffrey C Miecznikowski, Barry S Willer
OBJECTIVE: The Concussion in Sport Group guidelines recommend a multifaceted approach to help clinicians make return to sport decisions. The purpose of this study was to identify the most common multifaceted measures used to define clinical recovery from sport-related concussion in young athletes (high school and/or college level) and to summarise existing knowledge of criteria used to make return to sport decisions. DESIGN: Systematic review. DATA SOURCES: The PubMed (MEDLINE), SPORTDiscus and Embase electronic databases were searched from 1 January 2000 to 1 March 2017 by three independent reviewers...
July 22, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732177/inguinal-hernia-in-athletes-role-of-dynamic-ultrasound
#6
William Kelton Vasileff, Mikhail Nekhline, Patricia A Kolowich, Gary B Talpos, Willam R Eyler, Marnix van Holsbeeck
BACKGROUND: Inguinal hernia is a commonly encountered cause of pain in athletes. Because of the anatomic complexity, lack of standard imaging, and the dynamic condition, there is no unified opinion explaining its underlying pathology. HYPOTHESIS: Athletes with persistent groin pain would have a high prevalence of inguinal hernia with dynamic ultrasound, and herniorrhaphy would successfully return athletes to activity. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study...
July 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729922/meningococcal-disease-outbreak-related-to-the-world-scout-jamboree-in-japan-2015
#7
Mizue Kanai, Hajime Kamiya, Alison Smith-Palmer, Hideyuki Takahashi, Yushi Hachisu, Munehisa Fukusumi, Takehito Saitoh, Makoto Ohnishi, Tomimasa Sunagawa, Tamano Matsui, Kazunori Oishi
PROBLEM: Six invasive meningococcal disease cases occurred among Scottish and Swedish nationals associated with the World Scout Jamboree (WSJ), an international mass gathering, held in Japan. The index case developed symptoms while returning home. The strains from all six cases were identical and seldom seen in Japan. CONTEXT: Over 33 000 participants from 155 countries attended WSJ. At the Jamboree site, participants of the North of Scotland's and Sweden's units camped within the same subcamp and kept the same schedule of events...
April 2017: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719752/return-to-sport-after-shoulder-arthroplasty-in-recreational-athletes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Florence Aim, Jean-David Werthel, Julien Deranlot, Marie Vigan, Geoffroy Nourissat
BACKGROUND: One of the most frequent demands from patients after shoulder replacement surgery is to return to sport. PURPOSE: To determine the rate of return to sport after shoulder arthroplasty (total shoulder arthroplasty, reverse shoulder arthroplasty, hemiarthroplasty) in recreational athletes. STUDY DESIGN: Meta-analysis and systematic review. METHODS: The PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) guidelines were followed to perform this systematic review and meta-analysis of the results in the literature as well as the presentation of results...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719491/greater-effect-of-east-vs-west-travel-on-jet-lag-sleep-and-team-sport-performance
#9
Peter M Fowler, Wade Knez, Stephen Crowcroft, Amy E Mendham, Joanna Miller, Charlie Sargent, Shona Halson, Rob Duffield
PURPOSE: Determine the recovery timeline of sleep, subjective jet-lag and fatigue, and team-sport physical performance following east and west long-haul travel. METHODS: Ten, physically-trained males underwent testing at 09:00 (AM) and 17:00 (PM) local time on four consecutive days two weeks prior to outbound travel (BASE), and the first four days following 21 h of outbound (WEST) and return (EAST) air travel across eight time-zones between Australia and Qatar. Data collection included performance (countermovement jump [CMJ], 20-m sprint and Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery level 1 [YYIR1] test) and perceptual (jet-lag, motivation, perceived exertion and physical feeling) measures...
July 17, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719454/the-difference-in-clinical-outcomes-after-anterior-cervical-fusion-disk-replacement-and-foraminotomy-in-professional-athletes
#10
Harry T Mai, Danielle S Chun, Andrew D Schneider, Andrew C Hecht, Joseph C Maroon, Wellington K Hsu
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. OBJECT: To compare postoperative outcomes of professional athletes treated for cervical disk herniation after anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) and posterior foraminotomy (PF), or total disk replacement (TDR). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: ACDF, PF, and TDR have all led to excellent outcomes in the general population but the unique demands in the professional athlete necessitate specific study...
July 17, 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718171/younger-patients-and-men-achieve-higher-outcome-scores-than-older-patients-and-women-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#11
Kate E Webster, Julian A Feller
BACKGROUND: There is some evidence that functional performance and validated outcome scores differ according to the gender, age, and sport participation status of a patient after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. However, the impact of these three factors, and interaction among them, has not been studied across a large relatively homogeneous group of patients to better elucidate their impact. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We reviewed a large cohort of patients who had undergone ACL reconstruction to determine if ROM, knee laxity, objective performance measures, and validated outcome scores differed according to (1) gender; (2) age; and (3) sport participation status...
July 17, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716692/the-fatigue-of-a-full-body-resistance-exercise-session-in-trained-men
#12
Paul W M Marshall, Rebecca Cross, Michael Haynes
OBJECTIVES: We examined the fatigue and recovery for 48h following a full-body resistance exercise session in trained men. DESIGN: Experimental cross-sectional study. METHODS: Eight resistance trained men volunteered to participate (mean±SD; age 27.0±6.0 years, height 1.79±0.05m, weight 81.8±6.8kg, training experience 7.8±5.0 years). Fatigue and pain was measured before, after, 1h post, 24h and 48h post the full-body resistance exercise session, which was based on in-season models used in contact team sports (e...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710739/prevention-and-management-of-post-operative-complications-following-acl-reconstruction
#13
REVIEW
Brian J Eckenrode, James L Carey, Brian J Sennett, Miltiadis H Zgonis
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The goal of this paper is to review the current management and prevention of post-operative complications after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. Trends in rehabilitation techniques will be presented, in addition to suggestions for interventions and expected milestones in ACL reconstruction recovery. RECENT FINDINGS: ACL reconstruction protocols have evolved to more of a criterion-based progression rather than a tissue-healing time frame...
July 14, 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708704/shoulder-injuries-in-canoeing-and-kayaking
#14
Philip Holland, Emma Torrance, Lennard Funk
OBJECTIVE: We report the largest case series of shoulder injuries among paddlers so far to establish common mechanisms and patterns of injury. We also discuss how these injuries were managed and report the proportion of paddlers that return to paddlesport. DESIGN: Case series. SETTING: Upper Limb Unit, Wrightington Hospital, United Kingdom. Manchester Arm Clinic, United Kingdom. PATIENTS: Fifty-seven shoulder injuries to professional and recreational paddlers were reviewed at a mean follow-up time of 55 months from the first consultation...
July 11, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707114/the-shoulder-instability-return-to-sport-after-injury-sirsi-a-valid-and-reproducible-scale-to-quantify-psychological-readiness-to-return-to-sport-after-traumatic-shoulder-instability
#15
Antoine Gerometta, Shahnaz Klouche, Serge Herman, Nicolas Lefevre, Yoann Bohu
PURPOSE: The main goal of this study was to propose and validate a tool to quantify the psychological readiness of athletes to return to sport following traumatic shoulder instability and conservative or surgical management. METHODS: «Knee» was replaced by the term «shoulder» in the Anterior Cruciate Ligament-Return to Sport after Injury scale. This pilot test of the Shoulder Instability-Return to Sport after Injury scale (SIRSI) was performed in a group of athletes who underwent surgery for post-traumatic chronic anterior shoulder instability...
July 13, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706822/endoscopic-fasciotomy-of-the-superficial-and-deep-posterior-compartments-of-the-leg
#16
Tun Hing Lui
Chronic exertional compartment syndrome is a rare cause of lower leg pain incurred during sports activities and typically affects young athletes who need to return to their activity level as quickly as possible. Nonoperative treatments are often unsuccessful and fasciotomy of the involved compartment is the treatment of choice. Endoscopically assisted release of the anterior and deep compartments is proven to be safe and effective. Endoscopically assisted deep posterior compartment release via an incision 1 to 3 cm behind the medial tibial border has high risk of injury to the great saphenous and perforating veins and the saphenous nerve...
June 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706467/ketogenic-diet-benefits-body-composition-and-well-being-but-not-performance-in-a-pilot-case-study-of-new-zealand-endurance-athletes
#17
Caryn Zinn, Matthew Wood, Mikki Williden, Simon Chatterton, Ed Maunder
BACKGROUND: Low-carbohydrate, high-fat and ketogenic diets are increasingly adopted by athletes for body composition and sports performance enhancements. However, as yet, there is no consensus on their efficacy in improving performance. There is also no comprehensive literature on athletes' experiences while undertaking this diet. The purpose of this pilot work was two-fold: i. to examine the effects of a non-calorie controlled ketogenic diet on body composition and performance outcomes of endurance athletes, and ii...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705436/non-metric-multidimensional-performance-indicator-scaling-reveals-seasonal-and-team-dissimilarity-within-the-national-rugby-league
#18
Carl T Woods, Sam Robertson, Wade H Sinclair, Neil French Collier
OBJECTIVES: Analysing the dissimilarity of seasonal and team profiles within elite sport may reveal the evolutionary dynamics of game-play, while highlighting the similarity of individual team profiles. This study analysed seasonal and team dissimilarity within the National Rugby League (NRL) between the 2005 to 2016 seasons. DESIGN: Longitudinal. METHODS: Total seasonal values for 15 performance indicators were collected for every NRL team over the analysed period (n=190 observations)...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704886/tensiomyographic-assessment-of-muscle-contractile-properties-in-9-to-14-year-old-children
#19
Bostjan Simunic, Hans Degens, Jernej Zavrsnik, Katja Koren, Tadeja Volmut, Rado Pisot
While there are numerous data on the skeletal muscle fiber type composition in adults, little is known about the changes in fiber type composition and contractile properties during maturational growth in children. Using noninvasive tensiomyography, we measured contraction time (Tc), an indirect estimate of the myosin heavy chain I (MHC-I) proportion, to assess the longitudinal changes of the biceps brachii (BB), biceps femois (BF), vastus lateralis (VL), and erector spinae (ES) muscles in 53 boys and 54 girls...
July 13, 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702921/acl-return-to-sport-guidelines-and-criteria
#20
REVIEW
George J Davies, Eric McCarty, Matthew Provencher, Robert C Manske
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Because of the epidemiological incidence of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries, the high reinjury rates that occur when returning back to sports, the actual number of patients that return to the same premorbid level of competition, the high incidence of osteoarthritis at 5-10-year follow-ups, and the effects on the long-term health of the knee and the quality of life for the patient, individualizing the return to sports after ACL reconstruction (ACL-R) is critical...
July 12, 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
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