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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644678/professional-athletes-return-to-play-and-performance-after-operative-repair-of-an-achilles-tendon-rupture
#1
David P Trofa, J Chance Miller, Eugene S Jang, Denzel R Woode, Justin K Greisberg, J Turner Vosseller
BACKGROUND: Most Achilles tendon ruptures are sports related. However, few studies have examined and compared the effect of surgical repair for complete ruptures on return to play (RTP), play time, and performance across multiple sports. PURPOSE: To examine RTP and performance among professional athletes after Achilles tendon repair and compare pre- versus postoperative functional outcomes of professional athletes from different major leagues in the United States...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636566/detection-of-muscle-gap-by-l-bia-in-muscle-injuries-clinical-prognosis
#2
L Nescolarde, J Yanguas, J Terricabras, H Lukaski, X Alomar, J Rosell-Ferrer, G Rodas
Sport-related muscle injury classifications are based basically on imaging criteria such as ultrasound (US) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) without consensus because of a lack of clinical prognostics for return-to-play (RTP), which is conditioned upon the severity of the injury, and this in turn with the muscle gap (muscular fibers retraction). Recently, Futbol Club Barcelona's medical department proposed a new muscle injury classification in which muscle gap plays an important role, with the drawback that it is not always possible to identify by MRI...
June 21, 2017: Physiological Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586385/receptor-transporting-protein-rtp-family-members-play-divergent-roles-in-the-functional-expression-of-odorant-receptors
#3
Teng Yu, Xubo Su, Yi Pan, Hanyi Zhuang
Receptor transporting protein (RTP) family members, RTP1S and RTP2, are accessory proteins to mammalian odorant receptors (ORs). They are expressed in the olfactory sensory neurons and facilitate OR trafficking to the cell-surface membrane and ligand-induced responses in heterologous cells. We previously identified different domains in RTP1S that are important for different stages of OR trafficking, odorant-mediated responses, and interaction with ORs. However, the exact roles of RTP2 and the significance of the requirement of the seemingly redundant co-expression of the two RTP proteins in vivo have received less attention in the past...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574869/cancer-incidence-estimation-method-an-apulian-experience
#4
Anna M Nannavecchia, Ivan Rashid, Francesco Cuccaro, Antonio Chieti, Danila Bruno, Maria G Burgio Lo Monaco, Cinzia Tanzarella, Lucia Bisceglia
The Cancer Registry of Puglia (RTP) was instituted in 2008 as a regional population-based cancer registry. It consists of six sections (Foggia, Barletta-Andria-Tran, Bari, Brindisi, Lecce, and Taranto) and covers more than 4 000 000 inhabitants. At present, four of six sections have received accreditation by AIRTUM (53% of regional population). To point out possible regional geographic variability in cancer incidence and also to support health services planning, we developed an original estimation method to ensure a complete territorial coverage...
June 1, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557527/return-to-play-after-shoulder-instability-surgery-in-national-collegiate-athletic-association-division-i-intercollegiate-football-athletes
#5
R Judd Robins, Jimmy H Daruwalla, Seth C Gamradt, Eric C McCarty, Jason L Dragoo, Robert E Hancock, Jeffrey A Guy, George A Cotsonis, John W Xerogeanes, Patrick E Greis, Jeffrey M Tuman, James E Tibone, Matthew A Javernick, Eric M Yochem, Stephanie A Boden, Alexis Pilato, Jennifer H Miley
BACKGROUND: Recent attention has focused on the optimal surgical treatment for recurrent shoulder instability in young athletes. Collision athletes are at a higher risk for recurrent instability after surgery. PURPOSE: To evaluate variables affecting return-to-play (RTP) rates in Division I intercollegiate football athletes after shoulder instability surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4. METHODS: Invitations to participate were made to select sports medicine programs that care for athletes in Division I football conferences (Pac-12 Conference, Southeastern Conference [SEC], Atlantic Coast Conference [ACC])...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554607/cardiorespiratory-fitness-and-body-composition-of-stimulant-users-a-baseline-analysis-of-the-stride-cohort
#6
Mark Stoutenberg, Chad D Rethorst, Denise C Vidot, Tracy L Greer, Madhukar H Trivedi
INTRODUCTION: Relatively little has been reported about the physical characteristics, such as cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and body composition, of stimulant users. Identifying risk factors associated with the physical health of stimulant users is an important public health issue as new treatments should better address the entire range of health concerns experienced by this population. METHODS: We examined cross-sectional data gathered at baseline from the STimulant Reduction Intervention using Dosed Exercise (STRIDE) study, a multisite randomized clinical trial that examined exercise as an adjunct to treatment as usual for individuals in residential treatment programs (RTPs)...
July 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553481/white-light-emission-from-a-single-heavy-atom-free-molecule-with-room-temperature-phosphorescence-mechanochromism-and-thermochromism
#7
Bingjia Xu, Haozhong Wu, Junru Chen, Zhan Yang, Zhiyong Yang, Yuan-Chun Wu, Yi Zhang, Chongjun Jin, Po-Yen Lu, Zhenguo Chi, Siwei Liu, Jiarui Xu, Matthew Aldred
Two heavy atom-free luminophores (SHB2t and SDB2t) with simple molecular structures have been synthesized via Suzuki coupling reactions in which both display white-light emission with prompt fluorescence and room temperature phosphorescence (RTP) in the solid state. The impressive RTP of the luminophores is produced by a synergistic effect of the strong intermolecular hydrogen bonding in addition to the spin-orbit coupling of the sulfonyl oxygen atoms and the moderate singlet-triplet energy gaps (ΔEST). These factors facilitate the intersystem crossing (ISC) process to generate triplet excitons in which the molecular conformations become immobilized to effectively suppress radiationless decay...
March 1, 2017: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541079/child-gender-influences-paternal-behavior-language-and-brain-function
#8
Jennifer S Mascaro, Kelly E Rentscher, Patrick D Hackett, Matthias R Mehl, James K Rilling
Multiple lines of research indicate that fathers often treat boys and girls differently in ways that impact child outcomes. The complex picture that has emerged, however, is obscured by methodological challenges inherent to the study of parental caregiving, and no studies to date have examined the possibility that gender differences in observed real-world paternal behavior are related to differential paternal brain responses to male and female children. Here we compare fathers of daughters and fathers of sons in terms of naturalistically observed everyday caregiving behavior and neural responses to child picture stimuli...
June 2017: Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528553/protonation-induced-room-temperature-phosphorescence-in-fluorescent-polyurethane
#9
Wei Sun, Zhaowu Wang, Tao Wang, Li Yang, Jun Jiang, Xingyuan Zhang, Yi Luo, Guoqing Zhang
Room-temperature phosphorescence (RTP) from purely organic systems is of practical importance in biological imaging, oxygen sensing and displaying technologies. The key step to obtaining RTP from organic molecules is efficient intersystem crossing (ISC), which is usually low compared to inorganic materials. Here we show that protonation of a dye molecule, a thioflavin derivative, in strongly polar polyurethane can be used to effectively harness RTP. Prior to protonation, the predominant transition is π-π* for the polymer, which has nearly undetectable RTP due to the large singlet-triplet energy splitting (0...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521519/improving-primary-care-provider-practices-in-youth-concussion-management
#10
Kristy B Arbogast, Allison E Curry, Kristina B Metzger, Ronni S Kessler, Jeneita M Bell, Juliet Haarbauer-Krupa, Mark R Zonfrillo, Matthew J Breiding, Christina L Master
Primary care providers are increasingly providing youth concussion care but report insufficient time and training, limiting adoption of best practices. We implemented a primary care-based intervention including an electronic health record-based clinical decision support tool ("SmartSet") and in-person training. We evaluated consequent improvement in 2 key concussion management practices: (1) performance of a vestibular oculomotor examination and (2) discussion of return-to-learn/return-to-play (RTL/RTP) guidelines...
May 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510477/performance-based-outcomes-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-in-professional-athletes-differ-between-sports
#11
Harry T Mai, Danielle S Chun, Andrew D Schneider, Brandon J Erickson, Ryan D Freshman, Benjamin Kester, Nikhil N Verma, Wellington K Hsu
BACKGROUND: Excellent outcomes have been reported for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction (ACLR) in professional athletes in a number of different sports. However, no study has directly compared these outcomes between sports. PURPOSE: To determine if differences in performance-based outcomes exist after ACLR between professional athletes of each sport. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: National Football League (NFL), National Basketball Association (NBA), National Hockey League (NHL), and Major League Baseball (MLB) athletes undergoing primary ACLR for an acute rupture were identified through an established protocol of injury reports and public archives...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476526/restrictive-transfusion-in-radical-cystectomy-is-safe
#12
Sumeet Syan-Bhanvadia, Siri Drangsholt, Swar Shah, Jie Cai, Gus Miranda, Hooman Djaladat, Siamak Daneshmand
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Perioperative blood transfusion (PBT) is commonplace in radical cystectomy (RC) and has been linked to poorer oncologic outcomes. Limiting PBT in this largely elderly and comorbid population has not been studied. Herein, we first investigate the safety of a restrictive transfusion protocol (RTP) in patients undergoing RC for urothelial carcinoma and then compare oncologic outcomes between patients who did and did not receive PBT. METHODS: Outcomes for 173 consecutive patients meeting inclusion criteria undergoing RC for urothelial carcinoma from April 2010 to June 2014 by a single surgeon employing RTP were analyzed from an institutional review board-approved, prospectively collected database...
May 2, 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451681/ordered-assembly-of-hybrid-room-temperature-phosphorescence-thin-films-showing-polarized-emission-and-the-sensing-of-vocs
#13
Rui Gao, Dongpeng Yan
Benefitting from the self-organization of organic phosphors into 2D galleries of clay nanosheets, we have developed a method for the ordered assembly of long-lived room-temperature phosphorescence (RTP) thin films through a layer-by-layer (LBL) process. The clay-based thin films present polarized RTP and serve as sensors for VOCs.
May 11, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451611/return-to-play-after-revision-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-in-national-football-league-players
#14
Kelechi R Okoroha, Omar Kadri, Robert A Keller, Nathan Marshall, Zlatan Cizmic, Vasilios Moutzouros
BACKGROUND: National Football League (NFL) players who undergo anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction have been shown to have a lower return to play (RTP) than previously expected. However, RTP in the NFL after revision ACL reconstruction (RACLR) is not well defined. PURPOSE/HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this study is to determine the RTP of NFL players after RACLR and evaluate factors that predict RTP. Our hypothesis was that more experienced and established players would be more likely to RTP after RACLR...
April 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449611/return-to-play-and-performance-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-in-the-national-basketball-association-surgeon-case-series-and-literature-review
#15
Benedict U Nwachukwu, Shawn G Anthony, Kenneth M Lin, Tim Wang, David W Altchek, Answorth A Allen
OBJECTIVES: To investigate return to play (RTP) and functional performance after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) in National Basketball Association (NBA) players and to perform a systematic review of the literature to understand RTP after ACLR in professional basketball. METHODS: NBA players undergoing ACLR between 2008 and 2014 by two surgeons were identified. RTP and performance were assessed based on a review of publically available statistics...
May 8, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446102/how-much-is-enough-using-delphi-to-explore-the-clinical-contact-time-and-return-to-practice-needs-of-military-nurses
#16
Gary Kenward, Scott Marshall, Karen Irvine
Aim Military nurses are required to deploy worldwide at any time to support British forces. They must maintain military and clinical skills, and fulfil other military commitments as required. These diverse responsibilities make it challenging for military nurses to maintain the level of clinical expertise they require for short-notice deployments. A service evaluation was conducted to investigate issues related to clinical contact time (CCT) and to return to practice (RTP) for military nurses. Method A consultative approach was taken in the form of a modified Delphi study, followed by a military judgement panel (focus group)...
April 27, 2017: Nursing Management (Harrow)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433733/factors-influencing-repeated-teenage-pregnancy-a%C3%A2-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Joemer C Maravilla, Kim S Betts, Camila Couto E Cruz, Rosa Alati
OBJECTIVE: Existing evidence of predictors of repeated teenage pregnancy has not been assessed rigorously. This systematic review provides a comprehensive evaluation of protective and risk factors that are associated with repeated teenage pregnancy through a metaanalytical consensus. DATA SOURCES: We used PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, ProQuest, PsychINFO, ScienceDirect, Scopus, and Web of Science databases from 1997-2015 and the reference list of other relevant research papers and related reviews...
April 19, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430553/sport-concussion-management-using-facebook-a-feasibility-study-of-an-innovative-adjunct-icon
#18
Osman Hassan Ahmed, Anthony G Schneiders, Paul R McCrory, S John Sullivan
CONTEXT:   Sport concussion is currently the focus of much international attention. Innovative methods to assist athletic trainers in facilitating management after this injury need to be investigated. OBJECTIVE:   To investigate the feasibility of using a Facebook concussion-management program termed iCon (interactive concussion management) to facilitate the safe return to play (RTP) of young persons after sport concussion. DESIGN:   Observational study...
April 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422634/functional-brain-stimulation-in-a-chronic-stroke-survivor-with-moderate-impairment
#19
Heather T Peters, Janell Pisegna, Julie Faieta, Stephen J Page
OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) combined with repetitive, task-specific training (RTP) on upper-extremity (UE) impairment in a chronic stroke survivor with moderate impairment. METHOD: The participant was a 54-yr-old woman with chronic, moderate UE hemiparesis after a single stroke that had occurred 10 yr before study enrollment. She participated in 45-min RTP sessions 3 days/wk for 8 wk. tDCS was administered concurrent to the first 20 min of each RTP session...
May 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391160/long-non-coding-rna-pvt1-promote-lps-induced-septic-acute-kidney-injury-by-regulating-tnf%C3%AE-and-jnk-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathways-in-hk-2-cells
#20
Wei Huang, Xiuwen Lan, Xueting Li, Dawei Wang, Yinghao Sun, Qian Wang, Hong Gao, Kaijiang Yu
This study aimed to investigate the effect and underlying mechanism of long non-coding RNA plasmacytoma variant translocation 1 (PVT1) in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammation injury in HK-2 cells. We established LPS-induced septic acute kidney injury (AKI) model in HK-2 cells. LPS-induced HK-2 cells were transfected with pc-PVT1, pc-NC, si-PVT1 or si-NC. Cell viability and apoptosis rate were detected by MTT assay and Annexin V-FITC/PI Apoptosis Detection kit, respectively. The relationships of PVT1 and inflammatory factors were evaluated by RNA Immunoprecipitation (RIP) assay...
April 6, 2017: International Immunopharmacology
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