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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054032/constipation-and-other-common-symptoms-reported-by-women-and-men-in-methadone-and-buprenorphine-maintenance-treatment
#1
Paul S Haber, Mahmoud Elsayed, David Espinoza, Nicholas Lintzeris, Anne-Sophie Veillard, Richard Hallinan
BACKGROUND: Opioid substitution treatment (OST) is often continued long-term and, therefore, opioid-associated symptoms are of interest. Symptoms associated with methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) in men are well described, but there are fewer reports concerning symptoms associated with buprenorphine maintenance treatment (BMT) and very few reports among women. METHOD: Recipients of BMT (n=113) and MMT (n=184), non-opioid users (n=105) and opioid users not receiving OST (n=87) completed the Patient Assessment of Constipation (PAC-SYM) and a general symptom checklist...
October 13, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038721/gender-differences-in-substance-use-patterns-and-disorders-among-an-iranian-patient-sample-receiving-methadone-maintenance-treatment
#2
Amir Ghaderi, Maryam Motmaen, Iraj Abdi, Morad Rasouli-Azad
BACKGROUND: The current prevalence rate of substance abuse and dependence, represents an increasing trend of substance abuse and dependence among women, and the results of epidemiology studies indicate that substance use patterns are different between men and women. This study aimed to determine gender differences in substance use patterns and disorders among the patients undergoing methadone maintenance treatment. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted throughout a specified time bracket ranging from September 2012 through March 2013 in Methadone Maintenance Treatment (MMT) clinics of Mashhad, Iran...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029582/new-concepts-in-the-treatment-of-malignant-pleural-mesothelioma
#3
Ori Wald, David J Sugarbaker
Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is a highly aggressive and generally incurable cancer. Current anti-MPM chemotherapy-based treatments are only marginally effective, and long-term survival remains an unmet goal. Nonetheless, in selected cases, personalized surgery-based multimodality treatments (MMT) have been shown to significantly extend survival. The design of MMT and selection of patients are challenging, and optimal results require accurate presurgical diagnosis, staging, and risk stratification. Further, meticulous surgical techniques and advanced radiation protocols must be applied...
October 13, 2017: Annual Review of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026497/methadone-replacement-therapy-and-sexual-disorders-among-opium-dependent-iranian-men-a-meta-analysis-study
#4
Masoudeh Babakhanian, Ali Akbar Haghdoost, Mahdi Afshari, Fatemeh Taghizadeh, Mahmood Moosazadeh
BACKGROUND: Evaluation of sexual disorders among persons receiving methadone replacement therapy is of great importance, because these problems may lead to non-compliance and relapse. This study aimed to estimate the effect of methadone maintenance therapy (MMT) on sexual function among addicted Iranian men using met-analysis. METHODS: Investigating the available data banks, relevant studies were identified. After exclusion of duplicates, irrelevant papers and low quality articles, eligible papers were entered into the meta-analysis...
January 2017: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993560/clinical-applicability-and-psychometric-properties-of-manual-function-test-for-patients-with-stroke
#5
Hyun Jung Kim, Kyunghoon Min, Chan Ho Lee, Yun Kyung Cho, Jin Soo Yoon, Dong Rae Cho, Kyoung Suk Woo, Je Young Song, MinYoung Kim
The Manual Function Test (MFT) is a tool to assess upper extremity motor impairment associated with stroke. This study investigated psychometric properties of the Korean version of the MFT and to establish normative data. Eighty-one patients were enrolled to evaluate MFT, Fugl-Meyer Assessment (FMA) and manual muscle test (MMT). MFT was completed by eight raters on two occasions separated by 6 weeks. Absolute and relative reliability and validity were examined. Additionally, MFT was assessed on 75 healthy controls of different ages...
2017: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988078/synthesis-composite-hydrogels-from-inorganic-organic-hybrids-based-on-leftover-rice-for-environment-friendly-controlled-release-urea-fertilizers
#6
Tao Zhou, Yan Wang, Sheng Huang, Youcai Zhao
Nearly 1.3 billion tons of food are discarded annually in the production process. In this study, a novel slow-release nitrogen fertilizer with water absorbency was developed using leftover rice and crosslinking methods. Urea was incorporated as the nitrogen source in a leftover rice-g-poly(acrylic acid)/montmorillonite (LR-g-PAA/MMT) network, and then the leftover rice-g-poly(acrylic acid)/montmorillonite/Urea (LR-g-PAA/MMT/Urea) retained in the soil, and used as the loss control agent for water and nutrients...
October 4, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971037/effect-of-robot-assisted-game-training-on-upper-extremity-function-in-stroke-patients
#7
Kyeong Woo Lee, Sang Beom Kim, Jong Hwa Lee, Sook Joung Lee, Jin Wan Kim
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of combining robot-assisted game training with conventional upper extremity rehabilitation training (RCT) on motor and daily functions in comparison with conventional upper extremity rehabilitation training (OCT) in stroke patients. METHODS: Subjects were eligible if they were able to perform the robot-assisted game training and were divided randomly into a RCT and an OCT group. The RCT group performed one daily session of 30 minutes of robot-assisted game training with a rehabilitation robot, plus one daily session of 30 minutes of conventional rehabilitation training, 5 days a week for 2 weeks...
August 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962612/spatial-distribution-of-hiv-hcv-and-co-infections-among-drug-users-in-the-southwestern-border-areas-of-china-2004-2014-a-cohort-study-of-a-national-methadone-maintenance-treatment-program
#8
Mingli Li, Rongjian Li, Zhiyong Shen, Chunying Li, Nengxiu Liang, Zhenren Peng, Wenbo Huang, Chongwei He, Feng Zhong, Xianyan Tang, Guanghua Lan
BACKGROUND: A methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) program to curb the dual epidemics of HIV/AIDS and drug use has been administered by China since 2004. Little is known regarding the geographic heterogeneity of HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections among MMT clients in the resource-constrained context of Chinese provinces, such as Guangxi. This study aimed to characterize the geographic distribution patterns and co-clustered epidemic factors of HIV, HCV and co-infections at the county level among drug users receiving MMT in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, located in the southwestern border area of China...
September 30, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954700/impact-of-tetracycline-clay-interactions-on-bacterial-growth
#9
Guocheng Lv, Zhaohui Li, Lisa Elliott, Monica J Schmidt, Maria P MacWilliams, Baogang Zhang
Antibiotics are extremely effective against bacterial infections due to their selective toxicity for bacteria rather than the host. Extensive use and misuse of antibiotics resulted in significant increases in antibiotic levels in aquatic and soil environments. Bacteria exposed to antibiotics with low concentrations may develop antibiotic resistance. In this study a swelling 2:1 clay mineral montmorillonite (MMT) and a non-swelling 1:1 clay mineral kaolinite were premixed with tetracycline (TC) of varying concentrations...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953686/poor-sleep-quality-is-significantly-associated-with-low-sexual-satisfaction-in-chinese-methadone-maintained-patients
#10
Hui-Shi Zhang, Yan-Min Xu, Jun-Hong Zhu, Bao-Liang Zhong
Sleep disturbance negatively affects sexual function. Sleep problem and sexual dysfunction are common in methadone-maintained patients; however, their association is understudied in this patient population.This study examined the association between sleep quality and sexual satisfaction in Chinese patients receiving methadone maintenance treatment (MMT).This was a cross-sectional study. A total of 480 MMT patients who had sex with their sex partners within 1 month before the survey were recruited from 3 MMT clinics in Wuhan, China...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947995/significantly-more-intense-pain-in-methadone-maintained-patients-who-are-addicted-to-nicotine
#11
Lian-Zhong Liu, Lin-Xiang Tan, Yan-Min Xu, Xue-Bing Liu, Wen-Cai Chen, Jun-Hong Zhu, Jin Lu, Bao-Liang Zhong
Pain and cigarette smoking are very common in heroin-dependent patients (HDPs) receiving methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) and both have substantial negative effects on HDPs' physical and mental health. Nevertheless, very few studies have assessed the relationship between the two in HDPs. This study examined the association between pain intensity and smoking in Chinese methadone-maintained HDPs. A total of 603 HDPs were consecutively recruited from three MMT clinics in Wuhan, China, and administered with a socio-demographic and drug use questionnaire, a smoking questionnaire concerning average number of cigarettes smoked daily and Heaviness of Smoking Index, and Zung's Self-rating Depression Scale...
September 1, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945975/effect-of-muscle-tone-on-ankle-kinetics-during-gait-with-ankle-foot-orthoses-in-persons-with-stroke
#12
Shiho Mizuno, Shigeru Sonoda, Kotaro Takeda, Shinichiro Maeshima
Background Individuals exhibiting hemiplegia and increased ankle plantar flexors muscle tone following stroke are frequently prescribed an ankle-foot orthosis (AFO) to regain functional ambulation. The effect of muscle tone on ankle kinetics when walking with an AFO remains unknown. Objectives To investigate the effect of plantar flexion (PF) muscle tone on ankle plantar flexion torque during walking with an ankle-foot orthosis Methods The study included 80 participants with first-ever stroke whose manual muscle testing (MMT) of ankle DF 0-4, and 10 healthy subjects...
September 25, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942704/why-people-who-inject-drugs-voluntarily-transition-off-methadone-in-ukraine
#13
Julia Rozanova, Ruthanne Marcus, Faye S Taxman, Martha J Bojko, Lynn Madden, Scott O Farnum, Alyona Mazhnaya, Sergii Dvoriak, Frederick L Altice
Methadone maintenance therapy (MMT) treats opioid use disorder among people who inject drugs (PWID). To understand why PWID may voluntarily discontinue MMT, we analyzed data from 25 focus groups conducted in five Ukrainian cities from February to April 2013 with 199 participants who were currently, previously, or never on MMT. Using constant comparison method, we uncovered three themes explaining why PWID transition off MMT: (a) purposeful resistance to rigid social control associated with how MMT is delivered and to power asymmetries in provider-patient relationships, (b) self-management of a PWID's "wounded identity" that is common in socially stigmatized and physically sick persons-MMT serves as a reminder of their illness, and (c) the quest for a "normal life" uninterrupted by daily MMT site visits, harassment, and time inefficiencies, resources, and social capital...
September 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942171/synthesis-of-mno2-nanosheets-on-montmorillonite-for-oxidative-degradation-and-adsorption-of-methylene-blue
#14
Yi He, De Bin Jiang, Jie Chen, De Yi Jiang, Yu Xin Zhang
In this research, MnO2 nanosheets on montmorillonite (MnO2 nanosheets@MMt) was synthesized by one-pot hydrothermal method and characterized by X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectra, nitrogen adsorption and scanning electron microscopy. It was found that honeycomb-like MnO2 nanosheets vertically grew on the surface of montmorillonite. MnO2 nanosheets@MMt exhibited high methylene blue (MB) removal rate, which reached 97.7% within 5min under the condition of pH 2, MnO2 nanosheets dosage of 0.1gL(-1) and initial dye concentration of 10mgL(-1)...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937272/effects-of-movement-music-therapy-with-a-percussion-instrument-on-physical-and-frontal-lobe-function-in-older-adults-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Nobuko Shimizu, Tomohiro Umemura, Masahiro Matsunaga, Takayoshi Hirai
OBJECTIVES: We tested the hypothesis that performing a rhythmic physical task accompanied by a cognitive task, such as multitask movement music therapy (MMT) involving repetitive rhythmic movement with a musical instrument (the Naruko clapper), may improve pre-frontal cortex (PFC) function and cognitive performance. METHOD: Forty-five older adult participants with MCI (74.62 ± 5.05 years) participated in this randomized, controlled, single-blind intervention trial...
September 22, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934555/cardiovascular-effects-of-methadone-and-concomitant-use-of-diazepam-during-methadone-maintenance-treatment-induction-low-concentration-risk
#16
Vesna Mijatović, Isidora Samojlik, Stojan Petković, Saša Vukmirović, Arsen Uvelin, Aleksandra Dickov
Background The aim is to evaluate the role of diazepam concentrations in development of low-concentration-methadone-associated QTc prolongation in patients with opioid use disorder during methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) induction. Research design and methods Individuals with addiction disorder on MMT were studied before the beginning of MMT and after one and six months of MMT. Serum concentrations of methadone, diazepam, electrolytes and ECG were analyzed. Results Thirty patients were enrolled. The mean methadone concentration at time points was 177±119 ng/ml and 343±182 ng/ml, while the mean diazepam concentration was 561±437 ng/ml and 1045±933 ng/ml...
September 21, 2017: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927589/molecular-dynamics-of-carrageenan-composites-reinforced-with-cloisite-na-montmorillonite-nanoclay
#17
M J Sanchis, M Carsí, M Culebras, C M Gómez, S Rodriguez, F G Torres
Nanocomposites comprising biodegradable carrageenan and glycerol (KCg) as the host polymer, with different contents of natural montmorillonite (MMT) as filler, were prepared by a solution casting process. Different techniques have been used to determine the interaction/behavior among the different components of the samples such as Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Transmission electron microscope (TEM) and, mainly, Dielectric relaxation spectroscopy (DRS). FTIR indicates hydrogen interaction between carrageenan matrix and silicate that is confirmed by the XRD data indicating some kind of carrageenan intercalation between the MMT layers...
November 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923720/rosa-damascena-oil-improved-methadone-related-sexual-dysfunction-in-females-with-opioid-use-disorder-under-methadone-maintenance-therapy-%C3%A2-results-from-a-double-blind-randomized-and-placebo-controlled-trial
#18
Vahid Farnia, Faeze Tatari, Mostafa Alikhani, Katayoun Yazdchi, Moshen Taghizadeh, Dena Sadeghi Bahmani, Hassan Karbasizadeh, Edith Holsboer-Trachsler, Serge Brand
BACKGROUND: Methadone maintenance therapy (MMT) is provided to patients with opioid use disorder (OUD). However, as with all opioids, methadone impacts negatively on sexual function. To counter this, Rosa Damascena oil (RDO) has been used successfully for opioid-dependent male patients under MMT and with methadone-related sexual dysfunction (MRSD). In the present study, we tested the possible influence of RDO on sexual function and sex hormones of opioid-dependent female patients undergoing MMT and with MRSD...
December 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904357/social-demographic-shift-in-drug-users-at-the-first-ever-methadone-maintenance-treatment-in-wuhan-china
#19
Cong Liu, Pu-Lin Liu, Quan-Lin Dong, Li Luo, Jun Xu, Wang Zhou, Xia Wang
The methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) has been initiated in Wuhan, China since early 2006. To understand the social-demographic, behavioral, and infectious diseases characteristics of drug users enrolled in their first-ever-MMT between 2006 and 2015, a retrospective observational study was implemented to also provide evidence for health policy-decisions to reduce harm and control disease. Pearson chi-square tests and t-tests were used to assess significant differences between two 5-year periods, 2006-2010 and 2011-2015...
September 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894784/blood-lead-levels-in-asymptomatic-opium-addict-patients-a-case-control-study
#20
Kazem Ghaemi, Atefeh Ghoreishi, Navid Rabiee, Samira Alinejad, Esmaeil Farzaneh, Alireza Amirabadi Zadeh, Mohammad Abdollahi, Omid Mehrpour
INTRODUCTION: One of the newest non-occupational sources of lead contamination is drug addiction, which has recently been addressed as a major source of lead poisoning in some countries. The present study aimed to investigate the blood lead level (BLL) of asymptomatic opium addicts. METHODS: This case-control study was conducted during a one-year period to compare BLL of three groups consisting of opium addicts, patients under methadone maintenance therapy (MMT), and healthy individuals...
2017: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
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