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Beclin 1 mitochondrial

Qiu-Shuang Wang, Shi-Qiang Shen, Hua-Wen Sun, Zhi-Xiang Xing, Hou-Lai Yang
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second most commonly diagnosed cancer in females and the third in males. In this work, we aim to investigate the possible anti-cancer effects of interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) in CRC cells. We observed that IFN-γ induced mitochondria-derived reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in a time-dependent manner in SW480 and HCT116 cell lines. The IFN-γ-induced mitochondrial ROS generation was dependent on the activation of cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2). In addition, a mitochondria-targeted antioxidant SS31 and/or cPLA2 inhibitor AACOCF3 abolished the IFN-γ-induced ROS production and subsequent autophagy and apoptosis...
March 15, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Pan Pan, Hongmin Zhang, Longxiang Su, Xiaoting Wang, Dawei Liu
To explore the mechanism of mitochondrial uncoupling protein 2 (UCP2) mediating the protective of melatonin when septic cardiomyopathy. UCP2 knocked out mice and cardiomyocytes were used to study the effect of melatonin in response to LPS. Indicators of myocardial and mitochondria injury including mitochondrial membrane potential, mitochondrial permeability transition pore, calcium loading, ROS, and ATP detection were assessed. In addition cell viability and apoptosis as well as autophagy-associated proteins were evaluated...
March 16, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Xiuquan Wu, Peng Luo, Wei Rao, Shuhui Dai, Lei Zhang, Wenke Ma, Jingnan Pu, Yang Yu, Jiu Wang, Zhou Fei
Neuronal oxidative stress is involved in diverse neurological disorders. Homer1a, as an important member of the Homer family and localized at the postsynaptic density, is known to protect cells against oxidative injury. However, the exact neuroprotective mechanism of Homer1a has not been fully elucidated. Here, we found that Homer1a promoted cell viability and reduced H2 O2 -induced LDH release. The overexpression of Homer1a enhanced autophagy after H2 O2 treatment, which was confirmed by increased expression of LC3II, Beclin-1, and greater autophagosome formation...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Mi Ra Noh, Chang-Hoon Woo, Mae-Ja Park, Jee In Kim, Kwon Moo Park
Fibrosis is an undesirable consequence of injury and a critical problem in many diseases. Recent studies have demonstrated an association of C/EBP homologous protein (CHOP) with fibrosis. We investigated the mechanism of CHOP in kidney fibrosis progression after unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) using Chop gene-deleted (Chop-/-) mice and their wild-type littermates (Chop+/+). UUO-induced kidney fibrosis was reduced in the Chop-/- than Chop+/+ mice. After UUO, CHOP expression was detected in the cytosol and nucleus of distal tubule cells and collecting duct cells of the kidney...
February 6, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Jyoti Shrestha Takanche, Jeong-Seok Kim, Ji-Eun Kim, S-H Han, Ho-Keun Yi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of Schisandrin C in odontoblastic differentiation, and its relations between autophagy and mitochondrial biogenesis in human dental pulp cells (HPDCs). DESIGN: Fresh third molars were used, and cultured for HDPCs. Western blotting technique, Alizarin red S staining, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, and confocal microscopy were used to detect autophagy, mitochondrial biogenesis, and odontoblastic differentiation. To understand the mechanism of Schisandrin C, the HDPCs were treated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS), autophagy and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) inhibitors: 3-Methyladenine (3-MA) and Zinc protoporphyrin IX (ZnPP), respectively...
January 30, 2018: Archives of Oral Biology
Arindam Bhattacharjee, Mohammad Hasanain, Manoj Kathuria, Akhilesh Singh, Dipak Datta, Jayanta Sarkar, Kalyan Mitra
Autophagy, a regulated nutrient recycling program can affect both cell survival and cell death. Here, we show that Ormeloxifene (ORM), a selective estrogen receptor modulator approved for oral contraceptive use induces autophagic flux in ovarian cancer cells, which is activated by an ER stress response upstream of autophagy. The ER stress response is characterized by activation of IRE1α, PERK and ATF6 and is under regulation of JNK. Pharmacological inhibition of either autophagy or ER stress increased cell survival, as did silencing of autophagy proteins LC3 and Beclin 1, implying that ORM-induced autophagy is pro-death in nature...
February 2, 2018: Scientific Reports
Dennis K Fix, Justin P Hardee, Song Gao, Brandon N VanderVeen, Kandy T Velazquez, James A Carson
The IL-6 cytokine family activates intracellular signaling pathways through glycoprotein 130 (gp130), and this signaling has established regulatory roles in muscle glucose metabolism and proteostasis. Although the IL-6 family has been implicated as myokines regulating the muscle's metabolic response to exercise, gp130's role in mitochondrial quality control involving fission, fusion, mitophagy and biogenesis is not well understood. Therefore, we examined gp130's role in basal and exercise-trained muscle mitochondrial quality control...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Applied Physiology
Cheng-Fu Tan, Chao Wang, Lin Du, Wei-Wei Liu, Jin Song, Guo Feng, Jie Yan, Jing-Jing Yang, Ya-Ni Tang, Mei-Lin Chen, Jiao-Lan Li
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) and moxibustion (Moxi) pretreatment on myocardial pathological and structural changes and expression of autophagy related protein LC 3 Ⅰ/Ⅱ and Beclin 1 in rats with myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (MI/RI), so as to explore their mechanisms underlying improving MI/RI. METHODS: Forty SD rats were randomly divided into sham operation, model, ischemic preconditioning (IP), EA and Moxi groups (n=8 in each group)...
January 25, 2018: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
Arnau Panisello-Roselló, Eva Verde, Alexandre Lopez, Marta Flores, Emma Folch-Puy, Anabela Rolo, Carlos Palmeira, Georgina Hotter, Teresa Carbonell, René Adam, Joan Roselló-Catafau
Institute Goeorges Lopez 1 (IGL-1) and Histidine-Tryptophan-Ketoglutarate (HTK) preservation solutions are regularly used in clinical for liver transplantation besides University of Wisconsin (UW) solution and Celsior. Several clinical trials and experimental works have been carried out comparing all the solutions, however the comparative IGL-1 and HTK appraisals are poor; especially when they deal with the underlying protection mechanisms of the fatty liver graft during cold storage. Fatty livers from male obese Zücker rats were conserved for 24 h at 4 °C in IGL-1 or HTK preservation solutions...
January 24, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Sei-Jung Lee, Hyun Jik Lee, Young Hyun Jung, Jun Sung Kim, Sang Ho Choi, Ho Jae Han
Melatonin, an endogenous hormone molecule, has a variety of biological functions, but a functional role of melatonin in the infection of Gram-negative bacterium Vibrio vulnificus has yet to be described. In this study, we investigated the molecular mechanism of melatonin in the apoptosis of human intestinal epithelial (HCT116) cells induced by the hemolysin (VvhA) produced by V. vulnificus. Melatonin (1 μM) significantly inhibited apoptosis induced by the recombinant protein (r) VvhA, which had been inhibited by the knockdown of MT2...
January 19, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
Lei-Lei Ma, Xin Ma, Fei-Juan Kong, Jun-Jie Guo, Hong-Tao Shi, Jian-Bing Zhu, Yun-Zeng Zou, Jun-Bo Ge
Pathological cardiac hypertrophy aggravated myocardial infarction and is causally related to autophagy dysfunction and increased oxidative stress. Rapamycin is an inhibitor of serine/threonine kinase mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) involved in the regulation of autophagy as well as oxidative/nitrative stress. Here, we demonstrated that rapamycin ameliorates myocardial ischaemia reperfusion injury by rescuing the defective cytoprotective mechanisms in hypertrophic heart. Our results showed that chronic rapamycin treatment markedly reduced the phosphorylated mTOR and ribosomal protein S6 expression, but not Akt in both normal and aortic-banded mice...
March 2018: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Yi-Peng Gu, Xiao-Mei Yang, Zhen-Hua Duan, Jiang-Hua Shang, Ping Luo, Wei Xiao, Da-Yan Zhang, Hua-Zhong Liu
Objectives: The aim of this study was to explore the effects of Squid ink polysaccharide (SIP) on prevention of autophagy and oxidative stress induced by cyclophosphamide (CP) in Leydig cells of mice. Materials and Methods: Examination of reproductive organ exponents, abnormal sperm rate, activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), contents of malondialdehyde (MDA), and histological structure were performed to detect the optimal dose of SIP against oxidative stress damage in vivo, and autophagy-associated protein LC3 and Beclin-1 were examined by immunofluorescence, and their expression was detected by Western blot analysis...
November 2017: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
Sheng-Yuan Huang, Chih-Cheng Chien, Ruey-Shyang Hseu, Victoria Ying Jen Huang, Shang Ying Chiang, Chi-Jung Huang, Shao-Kuan Chen, Ru-Yin Tsai, Hsi-Ting Lin, Yu-Che Cheng
Current chemotherapy and immunotherapy treatments followed by transurethral resection for urinary bladder urothelial carcinoma (UC) usually suffers from poor prognosis and high recurrence rate. Design and modification of current formulation with the novel adjuvants is needed. A recombinant protein derived from Ganoderma microsporum named as Ganoderma microsporum immunomodulatory protein (GMIP) were used to treat UC cells. We found GMIP elicits a dose-dependent and time-dependent anti-UC cell proliferation effect, with a half-maximal inhibition concentration (IC50 ) comparable to mitomycin C (MMC), a commonly used chemotherapy agent...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Shu-Chuan Lin, Pei-Yi Chu, Wan-Ting Liao, Meng-Yu Wu, Kuan-Hao Tsui, Li-Te Lin, Chih-Hao Huang, Li-Li Chen, Chia-Jung Li
Glycyrrhizic acid (GA), the main component of licorice root extracts, has been shown to suppress cell proliferation and induce apoptosis in various types of cancers. However, the molecular mechanism of its anticancer activity remains poorly understood and warrants further investigation. MDA-MB‑231 cells were treated with various concentrations of GA and the cytotoxic effects of GA were determined using the CCK-8 assay. Apoptosis and cell cycle status were detected by flow cytometry. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels and mitochondrial membrane potential (∆Ψm) were assessed using DCFDA, MitoSOX and JC-1 staining...
February 2018: Oncology Reports
Xian-Ling Guo, Fei Hu, Hui Wang, Jue-Min Fang, Zhong-Ζheng Zhu, Li-Χin Wei, Qing Xu
Autophagy is a lysosome-dependent process involved in protein and organelle degradation. It has been suggested that autophagy is activated in nutrient-deficient condition and plays an important role in protecting cells from nutrient shortage. However, the effect of autophagy on chemotherapy during nutrient deficiency has been rarely researched. In the present study, we discovered that hepatocarcinoma cells exhibit chemoinsensitivity accompanied by the activation of autophagy when cultured in nutrient-deprived medium...
February 2018: Oncology Reports
Klára Megyeri, László Orosz, Szilvia Bolla, Lilla Erdei, Zsolt Rázga, György Seprényi, Edit Urbán, Kornélia Szabó, Lajos Kemény
Propionibacterium acnes is a dominant member of the cutaneous microbiota. Herein, we evaluate the effects of different P. acnes strains and propionic acid on autophagy in keratinocytes. Our results showed that P. acnes strain 889 altered the architecture of the mitochondrial network, elevated the levels of LC3B-II, Beclin-1 and phospho-AMPKα, stimulated autophagic flux, facilitated intracellular redistribution of LC3B, increased average number of autophagosomes per cell, and enhanced development of acidic vesicular organelles in the HPV-KER cell line...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
Facheng Bai, Quanfang Huang, Jinlan Nie, Shengjuan Lu, Chunyuan Lu, Xunshuai Zhu, Yuxin Wang, Lang Zhuo, Zhongpeng Lu, Xing Lin
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Previous studies have shown that trolline possesses various forms of pharmacological activity, including antibacterial and antiviral potency. The present paper addressed the putative hepatoprotective effects of trolline. METHODS: Rats received 2 ml/kg CCl4 (mixed 1: 1 in peanut oil) intragastrically twice a week for 8 weeks to induce hepatic fibrosis. The animals were then treated with trolline for additional 4 weeks. Liver pathology and collagen accumulation were observed by hematoxylin-eosin and Masson's trichrome staining, respectively...
November 15, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Zhiyong Zhou, Jiao Wang, Yanan Song, Yumin He, Changcheng Zhang, Chaoqi Liu, Haixia Zhao, Yaoyan Dun, Ding Yuan, Ting Wang
Panax notoginseng saponins (PNS) have been widely used in the cardiovascular system for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases and stroke in China. In this study, we investigated the anti-apoptotic effect of PNS on cardiomyocytes in the natural aging rat and explored the potential mechanisms regarding oxidative stress and mitochondrial function signaling pathways. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into five groups: adult control (3-month old), aging control (24-month old), and different doses of PNS-treated aging rat groups (10, 30, 60 mg/kg/day, orally)...
November 12, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Sandeep Singh, Abhishek Kumar Singh, Geetika Garg, Syed Ibrahim Rizvi
AIM: In the present study, attempts have been made to evaluate the potential role of fisetin, a caloric restriction mimetic (CRM), for neuroprotection in D-galactose (D-gal) induced accelerated and natural aging models of rat. MAIN METHODS: Fisetin was supplemented (15mg/kg b.w., orally) to young, D-gal induced aged (D-gal 500mg/kg b.w subcutaneously) and naturally aged rats for 6weeks. Standard protocols were employed to measure pro-oxidants, antioxidants and mitochondrial membrane potential in brain tissues...
November 7, 2017: Life Sciences
Hui Wang, Tianyue Jiang, Wei Li, Na Gao, Tao Zhang
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a chronic neurodegenerative disease, which is characterized by the extracellular deposition of β-amyloid (Aβ). Previous studies reported that resveratrol, a natural herbal compound isolated from grapes, could alleviate the development and progression of AD. However, the underlying mechanism is still unclear. In the study, amyloid beta-peptide1-42 (Aβ1-42 ) -treated the differentiated rat pheochromocytoma cell line (PC12) was chosen as an AD cellular model. Our data showed that resveratrol attenuated Aβ1-42 -induced cell death and significantly enhanced mitophagy including an increase in acidic vesicular organelle number, LC3-II/LC3-I ratio, Parkin and Beclin-1 expression, and LC3 and TOMM20 co-localization in Aβ1-42 -treated PC12 cells...
January 5, 2018: Toxicology Letters
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