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Beclin 1 mitochondrial

V Paunovic, M Kosic, S Djordjevic, A Zugic, N Djalinac, U Gasic, V Trajkovic, J Harhaji-Trajkovic
Marrubium vulgare is a European medicinal plant with numerous beneficial effects on human health. The aim of the study was to isolate the plant ethanolic extract (MVE) and to investigate its anti-melanoma and anti-glioma effects. MVE was prepared by the modified pharmacopoeial percolation method and characterized by UHPLC-LTQ OrbiTrap MS. MVE dose-dependently reduced viability of melanoma (B16) and glioma (U251) cells, but not peripheral blood mononuclear cells. It arrested cell cycle in S+G2/M phase, which was associated with the activation of MAP kinase p38 and up-regulation of antiproliferative genes p53, p21 and p27...
September 30, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Lisa Oezel, Hanna Then, Anna L Jung, Samir Jabari, Gabriel A Bonaterra, Thaddeus T Wissniowski, Susanne F Önel, Matthias Ocker, Kati Thieme, Ralf Kinscherf, Pietro Di Fazio
Fibromyalgia is characterized by widespread musculoskeletal pain, fatigue, and depression. The aim was to analyze potential mitochondrial dysfunction or autophagy in mice after exposure to intermittent cold stress (ICS). Muscle and liver specimens were obtained from 36 mice. Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity was measured. Microtubule-associated protein light chain 3 (MAP1LC3B) and glycogen content were determined histologically; muscle ultrastructure by electron microscopy. Mitochondrial- and autophagy-related markers were analyzed by RT-qPCR and Western blotting...
October 2016: Pharmacology Research & Perspectives
Suman Kumar Tripathy, Umasankar De, Niranjan Dehury, Paltan Laha, Manas Kumar Panda, Hyung Sik Kim, Srikanta Patra
Six mononuclear Ir complexes (1-6) using polypyridyl-pyrazine based ligands (L1 and L2) and {[cp*IrCl(μ-Cl)]2 and [(ppy)2Ir(μ-Cl)]2} precursors have been synthesised and characterised. Complexes 1-5 have shown potent anticancer activity against various human cancer cell lines (MCF-7, LNCap, Ishikawa, DU145, PC3 and SKOV3) while complex 6 is found to be inactive. Flow cytometry studies have established that cellular accumulation of the complexes lies in the order 2 > 1 > 5 > 4 > 3 > 6 which is in accordance with their observed cytotoxicity...
September 27, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Adam Kassan, Uyen Pham, Quynhmy Nguyen, Melissa E Reichelt, Eunbyul Cho, Piyush M Patel, David M Roth, Brian P Head, Hemal H Patel
Autophagy is a dynamic recycling process responsible for the breakdown of misfolded proteins and damaged organelles, providing nutrients and energy for cellular renovation and homeostasis. Loss of autophagy is associated with cardiovascular diseases. Caveolin-3 (Cav-3), a muscle-specific isoform, is a structural protein within caveolae and is critical to stress adaptation in the heart. Whether Cav-3 plays a role in regulating autophagy to modulate cardiac stress responses remains unknown. In the present study, we used HL-1 cells, a cardiac muscle cell line, with stable Cav-3 knockdown (Cav-3 KD) and Cav-3 over-expression (Cav-3 OE) to study the impact of Cav-3 in regulation of autophagy...
October 5, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology
Huimin Gao, Zhaoyu Chen, Yongmei Fu, Xiaoyan Yang, Ruihui Weng, Rui Wang, Jianjun Lu, Mengqiu Pan, Kunlin Jin, Chris McElroy, Beisha Tang, Ying Xia, Qing Wang
The nuclear orphan receptor, Nur77 plays important roles in neuroimflammation, apoptosis, and dopaminergic neurodegeneration. We conducted a further mechanistic investigation into the association of Nur77 with cell death. Cytosporone B (Csn-B), an agonist for Nur77, and Nur77 knockdown were adopted in the 6-hydroxydopamine (OHDA)-lesioned PC12 cells to investigate the mechanisms underlying Nur77-mediated injury. The 6-OHDA incubation caused Nur77 translocation from the nucleus to cytosol and Endoplasm reticulum (ER) and induced co-localization of Tom20/Nur77 and Protein Disulfide Isomerase (PDI)/Nur77...
September 29, 2016: Scientific Reports
Maureen Redza-Dutordoir, Sarah Kassis, Hou Ve, Mélanie Grondin, Diana A Averill-Bates
Various toxic compounds produce reactive oxygen species, resulting in oxidative stress that threatens cellular homeostasis. Yet, lower doses of stress can stimulate defence systems allowing cell survival, whereas intense stress activates cell death pathways such as apoptosis. Mild thermal stress (40°C, 3h) induces thermotolerance, an adaptive survival response that renders cells less sensitive to subsequent toxic stress, by activating defence systems like heat shock proteins, antioxidants, anti-apoptotic and ER-stress factors...
September 22, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Jianmei Gao, Yuanyuan Deng, Caixia Yin, Yuangui Liu, Wei Zhang, Jingshan Shi, Qihai Gong
Oxidative stress is a major cause of cellular injury in a variety of human diseases including neurodegenerative disorders. Thus, removal of excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS) or suppression of ROS generation may be effective in preventing oxidative stress-induced cell death. This study was designed to investigate the effect of icariside II (ICS II), a novel phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitor, on hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 )-induced death of highly differentiated rat neuronal PC12 cells, and to further examine the underlying mechanisms...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Sailaja Ghanta, Konstantin Tsoyi, Xiaoli Liu, Kiichi Nakahira, Bonna Ith, Anna A Coronata, Laura E Fredenburgh, Joshua A Englert, Claude A Piantadosi, Augustine M K Choi, Mark A Perrella
Oxidative stress resulting from inflammatory responses that occur during acute lung injury and sepsis can initiate changes in mitochondrial function. Autophagy regulates cellular processes in the setting of acute lung injury, sepsis, and oxidative stress by modulating the immune response and facilitating turnover of damaged cellular components. We have shown that mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) improve survival in murine models of sepsis by also regulating the immune response. However, the effect of autophagy on MSC and MSC mitochondrial function during oxidative stress is unknown...
September 16, 2016: American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology
I M Aparicio, J Espino, I Bejarano, A Gallardo-Soler, M L Campo, G M Salido, J A Pariente, F J Peña, J A Tapia
Macroautophagy (hereafter autophagy) is an evolutionarily highly conserved cellular process that participates in the maintenance of intracellular homeostasis through the degradation of most long-lived proteins and entire organelles. Autophagy participates in some reproductive events; however, there are not reports regarding the role of autophagy in the regulation of sperm physiology. Hence, the aim of this study was to investigate whether autophagy-related proteins are present and functionally active in human spermatozoa...
2016: Scientific Reports
Yoon-Jin Lee, Gina J Lee, Sun Shin Yi, Su-Hak Heo, Cho-Rong Park, Hae-Seon Nam, Moon-Kyun Cho, Sang-Han Lee
Malignant mesothelioma (MM) is characterized by poor responsiveness to current chemotherapeutic drugs, usually owing to high resistance to apoptosis. Here, we investigated chemosensitizing effects of phytochemical resveratrol, in combination with cisplatin, on MM cells. The combination treatment of cisplatin and resveratrol (CDDP/RSV) synergistically induced apoptosis, as evidenced by typical cell morphological changes, the appearance of sub-G0/G1 peak, an increase in the Annexin V(+) cells and the cleavage of caspase-3 and PARP...
August 31, 2016: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Dang Tang, Cheng Wang, Yongjun Gao, Jun Pu, Jiang Long, Wei Xu
Deep hypothermia is known for its organ-preservation properties, which is introduced into surgical operations on the brain and heart, providing both safety in stopping circulation as well as an attractive bloodless operative field. However, the molecular mechanisms have not been clearly identified. This study was undertaken to determine the influence of deep hypothermia on neural apoptosis and the potential mechanism of these effects in PC12 cells following oxygen-glucose deprivation. Deep hypothermia (18°C) was given to PC12 cells while the model of oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) induction for 1h...
October 6, 2016: Neuroscience Letters
L-X Zhong, Y Zhang, M-L Wu, Y-N Liu, P Zhang, X-Y Chen, Q-Y Kong, J Liu, H Li
Autophagic activity reflects cellular response to drug treatment and can be regulated by STAT3 signaling. Resveratrol inhibits STAT3 activation and causes remarkable growth arrest and cell death of ovarian cancer (OC) cells. However, the autophagic status and its relevance with resveratrol's anti-OC effects remain unclear. We analyzed the states of autophagic activities, the nature of autophagosomes and the levels of autophagy-related proteins (LC-3, Beclin 1 and STAT3) in resveratrol-treated CAOV-3 and OVCAR-3 OC cells using multiple approaches...
2016: Cell Death Discovery
Tanmoy Bhowmik, Antony Gomes
BACKGROUND: Gold nanoparticle (GNP) and snake venom protein toxin NKCT1 was conjugated as stated earlier (Bhowmik et al., 2013). The aim of this study was to explore the caspase dependent apoptotic pathway and autophagy inducing ability of gold nanoparticles tagged snake venom protein toxin NKCT1 (GNP-NKCT1) in human leukemic U937 and K562 cell line. METHODS: GNP-NKCT1 induced apoptosis in U937 and K562 cell line were assessed through mitochondrial membrane potential assay, ROS generation assay, caspase 3 pathways and western blotting...
October 2016: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
Guang-Qing Wang, Tao Tang, Zhong-Shan Wang, Ying-Ying Liu, Li Wang, Peng-Fei Luo, Zhao-Fan Xia
IκBβis an inhibitor of nuclear factor kappa B(NF-κB) and participates in the cardiac response to sepsis. However, the role of the hypo-phosphorylated form of IκBβ at Ser313, which can be detected during sepsis, is unknown. Here, we examined the effects of IκBβ with a mutation at Ser313→Ala313 on cardiac damage induced by sepsis. Transgenic (Tg) mice were generated to overexpress IκBβ, in which Ser-313 is replaced with alanine ubiquitously, in order to mimic the hypo-phosphorylated form of IκBβ...
2016: PloS One
Jui-Chih Chang, Shey-Lin Wu, Fredrik Hoel, Yu-Shan Cheng, Ko-Hung Liu, Mingli Hsieh, August Hoel, Karl Johan Tronstad, Kuo-Chia Yan, Ching-Liang Hsieh, Wei-Yong Lin, Shou-Jen Kuo, Shih-Li Su, Chin-San Liu
Far infrared radiation (FIR) is currently investigated as a potential therapeutic strategy in various diseases though the mechanism is unknown. Presently, we tested if FIR mediates beneficial effects in a cell model of the neurodegenerative disease spinocerebellar ataxia type 3 (SCA3). SCA3 is caused by a mutation leading to an abnormal polyglutamine expansion (PolyQ) in ataxin-3 protein. The consequent aggregation of mutant ataxin-3 results in disruption of vital cell functions. In this study, neuroblastoma cells (SK-N-SH) was transduced to express either non-pathogenic ataxin-3-26Q or pathogenic ataxin-3-78Q proteins...
2016: Scientific Reports
Jingjing Pei, Jieru Deng, Zuodong Ye, Jiaying Wang, Hongchao Gou, Wenjun Liu, Mingqiu Zhao, Ming Liao, Lin Yi, Jinding Chen
A growing number of studies have demonstrated that both macroautophagy/autophagy and apoptosis are important inner mechanisms of cell to maintain homeostasis and participate in the host response to pathogens. We have previously reported that a functional autophagy pathway is trigged by infection of classical swine fever virus (CSFV) and is required for viral replication and release in host cells. However, the interplay of autophagy and apoptosis in CSFV-infected cells has not been clarified. In the present study, we demonstrated that autophagy induction with rapamycin facilitates cellular proliferation after CSFV infection, and that autophagy inhibition by knockdown of essential autophagic proteins BECN1/Beclin 1 or MAP1LC3/LC3 (microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3) promotes apoptosis via fully activating both intrinsic and extrinsic mechanisms in CSFV-infected cells...
October 2, 2016: Autophagy
Shuang Zhao, Shu-Rui Chen, Xue-Feng Yang, Dao-Fu Shen, Yasuo Takano, Rong-Jian Su, Hua-Chuan Zheng
Here, BTG1 overexpression inhibited proliferation, induced differentiation, autophagy, and apoptosis in colorectal cancer cells (p<0.05). BTG1 overexpression reduced mitochondrial membrane potential and caused senescence in HCT-116 transfectants (p<0.05). BTG1-induced G2 arrest might be related to Cyclin B1 and Cdc25B hypoexpression in HCT-15 transfectants, while G1 arrest in HCT-116 transfectants overexpressing p21 and p27. BTG1 overexpression decreased the expression of Bcl-2, Bcl-xL, XIAP, Akt1 or survivin and increased the expression of Bax or p53 in colorectal cancer cells...
July 18, 2016: Oncotarget
Durgesh Nandini Das, Prajna Paramita Naik, Aditi Nayak, Prashanta Kumar Panda, Subhadip Mukhopadhyay, Niharika Sinha, Sujit K Bhutia
Benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) is capable of inducing oxidative stress and cellular injuries leading to cell death and associates with a significant risk of cancer development. Prevention of B[a]P-induced cellular toxicity with herbal compound through regulation of mitochondrial oxidative stress might protect cell death and have therapeutic benefit to human health. In this study, we demonstrated the cytoprotective role of Bacopa monnieri (BM) against B[a]P-induced apoptosis through autophagy induction. Pretreatment with BM rescued the reduction in cell viability in B[a]P-treated human keratinocytes (HaCaT) cells indicating the cytoprotective potential of BM against B[a]P...
July 19, 2016: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Eduardo Molina-Jijón, Omar Emiliano Aparicio-Trejo, Rafael Rodríguez-Muñoz, Juan Carlos León-Contreras, María Del Carmen Cárdenas-Aguayo, Omar Noel Medina-Campos, Edilia Tapia, Laura Gabriela Sánchez-Lozada, Rogelio Hernández-Pando, José L Reyes, Laura Arreola-Mendoza, José Pedraza-Chaverri
We have previously reported that the antioxidant curcumin exerts nephroprotection in maleate-induced renal damage, a model associated with oxidative stress. However, the mechanisms involved in curcumin protective effect were not explored, to assess this issue, curcumin was administered daily by gavage (150 mg/kg) five days before a single maleate (400 mg/kg)-injection. Curcumin prevented maleate-induced proteinuria, increased heat shock protein of 72 KDa (Hsp72) expression, and decreased plasma glutathione peroxidase activity...
July 13, 2016: BioFactors
Shuang Zhao, Xue-Feng Yang, Dao-Fu Shen, Yang Gao, Shuai Shi, Ji-Cheng Wu, Hong-Xu Liu, Hong-Zhi Sun, Rong-Jian Su, Hua-Chuan Zheng
ING5 can interact with p53, thereby inhibiting cell growth and inducing apoptosis. We found that ING5 overexpression not only inhibited proliferation, migration, and invasion, but also induced G2 arrest, differentiation, autophagy, apoptosis, glycolysis and mitochondrial respiration in lung cancer cells. ING5 transfection up-regulated the expression of Cdc2, ATG13, ATG14, Beclin-1, LC-3B, AIF, cytochrome c, Akt1/2/3, ADFP, PFK-1 and PDPc, while down-regulated the expression of Bcl-2, XIAP, survivin,β-catenin and HXK1...
July 9, 2016: Oncotarget
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