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Evidence bases dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396591/clinical-application-of-platelet-rich-fibrin-in-plastic-and-reconstructive-surgery-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Panxi Yu, Zhen Zhai, Xiaolei Jin, Xiaonan Yang, Zuoliang Qi
BACKGROUND: Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) has been applied in the clinical field for more than a decade, but largely in oral surgery and implant dentistry. Its utilization in plastic and reconstructive surgery is limited and lacking a comprehensive review. Hence, this article focuses on the various clinical applications of PRF pertaining to the plastic and reconstructive field through a systematic review. METHODS: In this review, articles describing the clinical application of PRF in plastic and reconstructive surgery were screened using predetermined inclusion and exclusion criteria...
February 2, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358158/internet-based-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-children-and-adolescents-with-dental-anxiety-open-trial
#2
Shervin Shahnavaz, Erik Hedman-Lagerlöf, Tove Hasselblad, Lena Reuterskiöld, Viktor Kaldo, Göran Dahllöf
BACKGROUND: Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is an evidence-based method for treating specific phobias, but access to treatment is difficult, especially for children and adolescents with dental anxiety. Psychologist-guided Internet-based CBT (ICBT) may be an effective way of increasing accessibility while maintaining treatment effects. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that psychologist-guided ICBT improves school-aged children's and adolescents' ability to manage dental anxiety by (1) decreasing avoidance and affecting the phobia diagnosis and (2) decreasing the dental fear and increasing the target groups' self-efficacy...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355411/potential-uses-of-arginine-in-dentistry
#3
M M Nascimento
Carious lesions develop in tooth surfaces where there is an imbalance of the processes of acid and alkali production by supragingival biofilms. Since low pH is the main driving factor in the development of carious lesions, most efforts to identify an effective anticaries therapy have focused on targeting the acid-producing bacteria and their mechanisms of acid production. An expanding area of oral microbiology has now been devoted to explore microbial metabolic activities that help to neutralize biofilm pH and thus inhibit the caries process...
February 2018: Advances in Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335047/money-in-tension-with-ethics-a-commentary
#4
David A Nash
Monetary incentives are frequently in tension with evidence-based and cost-effective clinical care, thus posing an ethical concern in the practice of dentistry. The purpose of this commentary was to examine the issue of treating children in the context of caries risk assessment and with specific reference to the periodic oral examination, radiographic surveillance, topical fluorides, and the pumice rubber prophylaxis.
November 1, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326814/paediatric-dentistry-novel-evolvement
#5
REVIEW
Saleha Shah
Pediatric dentistry provides primary and comprehensive preventive and therapeutic oral health care for infants and children through adolescence, together with special health care needs. This specialty encompasses a variety of skills, disciplines, procedures and techniques that share a common origin with other dental specialties however these have been modified and reformed to the distinctive requirements of infants, children, adolescents and special health care needs. Disciplines comprise of behavior guidance, care of the medically and developmentally compromised and disabled patient, supervision of orofacial growth and development, caries prevention, sedation, pharmacological management, and hospital dentistry including other traditional fields of dentistry...
January 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288920/diagnostic-potential-and-future-directions-of-biomarkers-in-gingival-crevicular-fluid-and-saliva-of-periodontal-diseases-review-of-the-current-evidence
#6
REVIEW
Noha Ayman Ghallab
OBJECTIVES: The holy grail of biomarker research in periodontology is to develop a high impact diagnostics which have a significant impact on clinical decision-making, patient outcomes and healthcare providers. In the field of periodontal diagnostics, oral fluid-based biomarkers have been studied mainly in the gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and saliva. METHODS: A literature search was performed using the Cochrane library and PubMed databases from 2000 to January 2017...
December 23, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240215/a-new-prognostication-system-for-dental-implants
#7
Babak Najafi, Parisa Kheirieh, Alireza Torabi, Emil G Cappetta, Ahmad Najafi, Surendra M Singh
Given the popularity of dental implants, determining their prognosis is an integral component of dental practice. An accurate prognosis is crucial to development of an appropriate treatment plan and may require alterations as overall status or the status of implants or natural teeth change. The importance of an established set of factors for determining implant prognosis would be highlighted in dentist-patient communication and in interdisciplinary collaboration. The main objective of the proposed prognostication system is short- and long-term success of dental implants...
January 2018: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216493/intimate-partner-violence-against-women-circumstances-of-aggressions-and-oral-maxillofacial-traumas-a-medical-legal-and-forensic-approach
#8
Ítalo de Macedo Bernardino, Luzia Michelle Santos, Alysson Vinicius Porto Ferreira, Tomás Lucio Marques de Almeida Lima, Lorena Marques da Nóbrega, Sérgio d'Avila
INTRODUCTION: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a serious public health problem that frequently results in oral-maxillofacial traumas, generating high social and economic costs. The aim of this study was to describe the profile of women victims of IPV and determine the pattern of oral-maxillofacial traumas, according to a medical-legal and forensic perspective. An exploratory study of 1361 suspected cases of women victims of IPV was carried out based on database of an Institute of Legal Medicine and Forensic Dentistry of Northeastern Brazil during a period of 4 years...
December 4, 2017: Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193633/evidence-based-dentistry-can-effectively-be-taught-to-dental-care-professional-students-a-mixed-methods-study
#9
A F Kahatab, Y B Ho, D O'Reilly, C Tan, J McTernan, T Ahmed, A O'Halloran, D Sagheri, A Abdollahi, C Mac Giolla Phadraig
BACKGROUND: Little research exists in the teaching of evidence-based dentistry (EBD) to students in the fields of dental hygiene, dental nursing and orthodontic therapy. This study aims to analyse the effect of a 1-day EBD programme on knowledge and confidence whilst also gaining insight into students' experience of the intervention. METHOD: A mixed methods study was utilised with explanatory sequential design. The population consisted of dental hygiene (DH), dental nursing (DN) and orthodontic therapy (OT) students (N = 44)...
November 28, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179355/use-of-vital-pulp-therapies-in-primary-teeth-with-deep-caries-lesions
#10
(no author information available yet)
PURPOSE: This manuscript presents evidence-based guidance on the use of vital pulp therapies for treatment of deep caries lesions in children. A guideline panel convened by the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry formulated evidence-based recommendations on three vital pulp therapies: indirect pulp treatment (IPT; also known as indirect pulp cap), direct pulp cap (DPC), and pulpotomy. METHODS: The basis of the guideline's recommendations was evidence from "Primary Tooth Vital Pulp Therapy: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179354/use-of-pit-and-fissure-sealants
#11
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: This article presents evidence-based clinical recommendations for the use of pit-and-fissure sealants on the occlusal surfaces of primary and permanent molars in children and adolescents. A guideline panel convened by the American Dental Association (ADA) Council on Scientific Affairs and the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry conducted a systematic review and formulated recommendations to address clinical questions in relation to the efficacy, retention, and potential side effects of sealants to prevent dental caries; their efficacy compared with fluoride varnishes; and a head-to-head comparison of the different types of sealant material used to prevent caries on pits-and-fissures of occlusal surfaces...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179353/use-of-silver-diamine-fluoride-for-dental-caries-management-in-children-and-adolescents-including-those-with-special-health-care-needs
#12
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: This manuscript presents evidence-based guidance on the use of 38 percent silver diamine fluoride (SDF) for dental caries management in children and adolescents, including those with special health care needs. A guideline workgroup formed by the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry developed guidance and an evidence-based recommendation regarding the application of 38 percent SDF to arrest cavitated caries lesions in primary teeth. TYPES OF STUDIES REVIEWED: The basis of the guideline's recommendation is evidence from an existing systematic review "Clinical trials of silver diamine fluoride in arresting caries among children: A systematic review...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172322/the-value-of-cone-beam-computed-tomography-in-the-management-of-dentigerous-cysts-%C3%A2-a-review-and-case-report
#13
James R Allison, Grace Garlington
Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) has recently seen an expansion in use, however there are few robust, evidence-based guidelines to inform practitioners. This article reports the case of a large dentigerous cyst in the maxilla affecting the eruption of multiple teeth, considers the use of CBCT in the management of such lesions, and discusses guidelines on the use of CBCT in dentistry. Clinical relevance: As CBCT use increases it is important that practitioners understand the guidelines surrounding its use...
March 2017: Dental Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155536/antimicrobial-resistance-and-antibiotic-prescribing-in-dental-practice
#14
Nikolaus O A Palmer
The purpose of this paper is to review the principles of antibiotic prescribing in light of the increasing worldwide problem of antimicrobial resistance and the evidence of inappropriate use of antibiotics in dentistry. Guidance on the management of dental infections and antibiotic prophylaxis based on a review of the scientific evidence will be given to ensure good patient care. Clinical relevance: To discuss the relevance of legislation around antimicrobial prescribing and antimicrobial stewardship for dentists...
December 2016: Dental Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155534/evidence-based-dentistry-in-everyday-practice
#15
Kiran Gudray, Anthony Damien Walmsley
This article informs readers of a method of implementing evidence-based dentistry in practice. Following these steps, practitioners should be able to use this skill in an efficient manner. The importance of evidence-based dentistry and its relevance to situations encountered in everyday practice is also highlighted. Clinical relevance: This article highlights a series of steps to be followed by practitioners to ensure that treatment provided is supported by the most recent, good quality evidence.
December 2016: Dental Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143199/cone-beam-ct-in-paediatric-dentistry-dimitra-project-position-statement
#16
REVIEW
Anne Caroline Oenning, Reinhilde Jacobs, Ruben Pauwels, Andreas Stratis, Mihaela Hedesiu, Benjamin Salmon
DIMITRA (dentomaxillofacial paediatric imaging: an investigation towards low-dose radiation induced risks) is a European multicenter and multidisciplinary project focused on optimizing cone-beam CT exposures for children and adolescents. With increasing use of cone-beam CT for dentomaxillofacial diagnostics, concern arises regarding radiation risks associated with this imaging modality, especially for children. Research evidence concerning cone-beam CT indications in children remains limited, while reports mention inconsistent recommendations for dose reduction...
November 15, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136646/the-effect-of-interventions-aiming-to-optimise-the-prescription-of-antibiotics-in-dental-care-a-systematic-review
#17
Christin Löffler, Femke Böhmer
BACKGROUND: Abundant evidence in dentistry suggests that antibiotics are prescribed despite the existence of guidelines aiming to reduce the development of antibiotic resistance. This review investigated (1) which type of interventions aiming to optimise prescription of antibiotics exist in dentistry, (2) the effect of these interventions and (3) the specific strengths and limitations of the studies reporting on these interventions. METHOD: Literature search was based on Medline, Embase, Global Health, Cochrane CENTRAL, ClinicalTrials...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135328/when-the-solution-becomes-a-problem-an-educational-discussion
#18
Gustavo Frainer Barbosa
Presenting patients with the opportunity to restore their smiles using dental implants, which is a reliable and widely accepted technique, is highly recommended. Therefore, a correct clinical judgment and a, consequently, dental implant treatment planning is a central component of a good practice of implant dentistry. Moreover, to the oral clinician be able to make better decisions and reach a more accurate clinical judgment, it is necessary continuing professional development being, this development, an essential professional activity for dentists that intend planning implant treatments...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123283/book-review-evidence-based-decision-making-in-dentistry
#19
S Pervin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 10, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122065/evidence-based-dental-care-perspective-on-levels-of-evidence
#20
S M Hashim Nainar
The objective of this review was to consider compilation of evidence from literature and its interpretation. Evidence-based dentistry during its implementation has sometimes emphasized randomized clinical trials with exclusion of all other evidence. Systematic reviews must compile evidence from all study types, with the collected evidence processed through the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation system prior to their application in clinical decision-making. Evidence-based clinical practice should be based upon transparently reported evidence from all study types...
July 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
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