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Evidence bases dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678045/approach-towards-an-evidence-oriented-knowledge-and-data-acquisition-for-the-optimization-of-interdisciplinary-care-in-dentistry-and-general-medicine
#1
Max W Seitz, Christian Haux, Petra Knaup, Ingrid Schubert, Stefan Listl
Associations between dental and chronic-systemic diseases were observed frequently in medical research, however the findings of this research have so far found little relevance in everyday clinical treatment. Major problems are the assessment of evidence for correlations between such diseases and how to integrate current medical knowledge into the intersectoral care of dentists and general practitioners. On the example of dental and chronic-systemic diseases, the Dent@Prevent project develops an interdisciplinary decision support system (DSS), which provides the specialists with information relevant for the treatment of such cases...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676046/effectiveness-of-an-audiovisual-aid-on-the-knowledge-of-schoolteachers-regarding-emergency-management-of-dental-injuries
#2
Sabarinathan Niviethitha, Chanram Bhawarlal, Hemalatha Ramkumar, Senthil Dhakshanamoorthy, Hariharan Shanmugam
BACKGROUND/AIM: Traumatic Dental Injuries (TDI) occur frequently at school environment. Many studies have shown that teachers' knowledge on emergency management of TDI is inadequate. The aim of this study was to evaluate the knowledge level among schoolteachers in Chennai, India, regarding TDI using a questionnaire and to evaluate the effectiveness of a newly developed audiovisual aid (AV) as an educational tool by reapplying the questionnaire. METHODS: The questionnaire was distributed to 345 teachers in 15 randomly selected schools...
April 19, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663970/pediatric-dentists-treatment-planning-decisions-for-class-ii-carious-lesions-in-primary-molars
#3
Martha Holland, Caroline Carrico, Tiffany Williams
PURPOSE: To assess pediatric dentists' choice for restoring Class II carious lesions in primary molars. METHODS: A survey with eight cases of class II carious lesions was emailed to American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry members, who were asked to choose either a stainless steel crown (SSC) or composite resin as a final restoration, or no treatment. Treatment decisions were compared to evidence-based treatment recommendations. Repeated measures logistic regression was used to determine factors associated with treatment decisions...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658785/smartphone-use-and-schema-based-learning-in-dento-maxillofacial-radiology-practice-a-case-report-from-one-college-of-dentistry
#4
Young-A Ji, You Mee Lee, Hyun-Dae Lim, Won-Jong Park, Ji Hye Jung, Je-Woo Lee, Byung Do Lee
OBJECTIVES: This study investigates the students' satisfaction and awareness of competency towards smartphone use and schema based learning in dental radiology practice. METHODS: Third-year students undertaking a dental radiology practicum at a dental school were divided into two groups: one group received traditional clinical training, whereas the other group used smartphones in classes and received new training using schema assignments. At the end of the course, students' satisfaction with the training and self-awareness of their competency were surveyed, and their achievement was assessed...
April 16, 2018: Dento Maxillo Facial Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606656/engaging-oral-health-students-in-learning-basic-science-through-assessment-that-weaves-in-personal-experience
#5
Delyse Leadbeatter, Jinlong Gao
Learning basic science forms an essential foundation for oral health therapy and dentistry, but frequently students perceive it as difficult, dry, and disconnected from clinical practice. This perception is encouraged by assessment methods that reward fact memorization, such as objective examinations. This study evaluated use of a learner-centered assessment portfolio designed to increase student engagement with basic science in an oral health therapy program at the University of Sydney, Australia. The aim of this qualitative study based on focus groups was to investigate students' engagement with basic science courses following introduction of the portfolio...
April 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578417/relationship-between-general-health-oral-health-and-healthy-lifestyle-in-elderly-population-review
#6
S Puturidze, M Margvelashvili, L Bilder, M Kalandadze, V Margvelashvili
This literature review aims to investigate how a poor oral health impacts on general health and healthy lifestyle of elderly people. The literature review was performed using ScienceDirect, Scopus and PubMed databases to identify relevant published studies. The year of publication was limited to over the past 5 years and the language was limited to English. Having considered the relevant articles' abstracts the 36 articles were selected. Systematical literature revision shows that recently, the older population has increased worldwide and it is being predicted to keep growing in near future...
February 2018: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576609/initiating-research-in-a-private-dental-practice
#7
K Hare, N Yadev, C Campbell
Research is an intrinsic part of both academia and clinical best practice. Within an academic environment, this can include access to advice and guidance from trained professionals. Similarly, while sometimes overly risk-averse, within the NHS there is a structured and systematic approach to healthcare research. However, in the UK, a large number of specialist dental procedures take place within the private healthcare system, which does not have access to such support and guidance. How, then, can we generate our own dental research from private dental primary care settings? With a number of phrases becoming part of everyday vocabulary in dental primary care, such as practice-based research, patient-centred outcomes, evidence-based dentistry, it is time to consider this...
March 23, 2018: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568017/the-use-of-chlorhexidine-in-the-prevention-of-alveolar-osteitis-after-third-molar-extractions
#8
Christopher Wright, Vinay Mistry, Joshua Smyth, Wei Ning Saik, Nicola Innes, Thomas Lamont
Data sourcesCochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Medline through PubMed, Scopus, Science Direct, ISI Web of Science, Evidence-Based Dentistry, ClinicalTrials.gov, the European Union Clinical Trials Register, the Spanish General University Board database of doctoral theses in Spain (TESEO), the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC) bibliographic databases, and the Spanish Medical Index (IME).Study selectionRandomised controlled trials (RCTs) (with or without placebo) of patients of any age or gender who underwent maxillary or mandibular third molar extractions...
March 23, 2018: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568015/single-dose-oral-prednisolone-and-post-operative-endodontic-pain
#9
Analia Veitz-Keenan, Debra M Ferraiolo
DesignA randomised, single centre, double blind placebo controlled clinical trial involving 400 patients.InterventionThe inclusion criteria comprised systemically healthy patients between the ages of 18 and 35 years having mandibular molars with symptomatic irreversible pulpitis, radiographically normal periapical area and no pain on biting or percussion. The study was approved by the Institutional Review Board of Ethics Committee at the School of Dentistry, Cairo University, Egypt. Patients were recruited from the outpatient clinic of the Department of Endodontics...
March 23, 2018: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549781/is-it-cost-beneficial-to-society-measuring-the-economic-worth-of-dental-residency-training
#10
Omar B Da'ar, Abdulaziz Alshaya
This study estimated whether continued programming of a highly specialized four-year dentistry residency training in Saudi Arabia was cost-beneficial. We utilized a purposive sampling to administer a survey to trainees in major cities. Additionally, we used publically available market information about general practitioners. We employed Benefit-Cost Analysis accounting approach as a conceptual framework. Using general practitioners as the base category, we grouped overall social analytical perspectives into resident trainees and rest of society...
February 19, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549021/prevalence-nature-and-management-of-oral-stage-dysphagia-in-adults-with-temporomandibular-joint-disorders-findings-from-an-irish-cohort
#11
Órla Gilheaney, Leo Fa Stassen, Margaret Walshe
PURPOSE: Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) are caused by changes in the structure and/or function of the temporomandibular joint, masticatory muscles, and/or osseous components. TMDs can result in oral stage dysphagia (OD) with potential effects on function and patient well-being. Little is known about the prevalence, nature, and management of TMD-related OD. The aims of the present study were to estimate the prevalence and nature of OD in adult TMD patients and to identify the common management techniques used to manage the signs and symptoms of TMD-related OD...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532818/age-assessment-in-orthodontics-and-general-dentistry
#12
Christian Kirschneck, Peter Proff
In dentistry, methods for determining age and the degree of dental and skeletal development play an important role, in particular in the assessment of developmental disorders of the dentition as well as in the planning of orthodontic interventions. Dentistry is also important in the field of forensics due to the possibility of age determination based on the dentition. In addition to anthropometric and morphologic methods, numerous biochemical, histologic, radiologic, and radiation-free imaging methods exist to determine the chronologic, but also dental and skeletal age of a person or a patient...
2018: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499242/implant-and-root-canal-treatment-survival-rates-and-factors-associated-with-treatment-outcome
#13
Georgios S Chatzopoulos, Vasiliki P Koidou, Scott Lunos, Larry F Wolff
OBJECTIVES: To assess and compare the survival rates of implant and root canal treatment as well as to investigate the effect of patient and tooth related variables on the treatment outcome in a large-scale population-based study. METHODS: Dental records of patients who received root canal treatment and implant therapy were retrieved from the electronic records of the University of Minnesota School of Dentistry. Demographic characteristics, dental insurance status, socioeconomic status as well as medical history and tobacco use were recorded...
April 2018: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493024/esthetic-evaluation-and-patient-centered-outcomes-in-single-tooth-implant-rehabilitation-in-the-esthetic-area
#14
REVIEW
M Stefanini, P Felice, C Mazzotti, I Mounssif, M Marzadori, G Zucchelli
Criteria for successful implants, in the rehabilitation of a single missing tooth in the esthetic area, should be determined by composite outcomes, including functional and esthetic aspects of soft tissues and the reconstruction, as well as patient-reported outcomes. This paper focuses on current methods in esthetic assessment and patient-centered/reported outcomes in single-tooth implant rehabilitation in the esthetic area. The relationship between subjective, patient-based esthetic evaluations and objective, professional-based esthetic evaluations is reviewed...
February 28, 2018: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478461/a-public-health-perspective-on-paying-for-dentistry-the-affordable-care-act-and-looking-to-the-future
#15
REVIEW
Burton L Edelstein
Health care costs have traditionally been provider generated whereas payment has been split between public and private sources. There has been little pressure on health care providers to demonstrate value. The quest for value in health care financing is now widely evident as demonstrated by governmental and private sector pursuits of a 3-part aim: better health outcomes at lower cost with improved patient and population experience. Value-based approaches involve payment innovation with its attendant constraints and opportunities for innovation...
April 2018: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478251/horizontal-bone-augmentation-procedures-in-implant-dentistry-prosthetically-guided-regeneration
#16
REVIEW
Matteo Chiapasco, Paolo Casentini
The rehabilitation of partially or totally edentulous patients with implant-supported prostheses has become routine, with excellent long-term outcome. A proper implant position is mandatory to achieve good functional and esthetic outcome and may require an adequate amount of alveolar bone and surrounding soft tissue. When this is lacking because of atrophy, sequelae of periodontal disease, traumas or congenital malformations, increased bone volume and/or keratinized mucosa can be obtained by guided bone regeneration, bone-grafting techniques and alveolar bone expansion...
February 25, 2018: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472688/regenerative-endodontic-therapy-for-managing-immature-non-vital-teeth-a-national-survey-of-uk-paediatric-dental-specialists-and-trainees
#17
H Nazzal, H Tong, P Nixon, M Duggal
Background Several guidelines have been published advocating the use of regenerative endodontic therapy (RET) in managing non-vital immature permanent teeth. It is unclear, however, how many UK paediatric dental specialists routinely use this technique and their opinion of its outcomes, and barriers to its use.Aim To assess the knowledge, experience and the opinion of UK based paediatric dental specialists/trainees (UKPDS/T) and practitioners working in the capacity of paediatric dental specialists on the use of RET...
February 23, 2018: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396591/clinical-application-of-platelet-rich-fibrin-in-plastic-and-reconstructive-surgery-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Panxi Yu, Zhen Zhai, Xiaolei Jin, Xiaonan Yang, Zuoliang Qi
BACKGROUND: Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) has been applied in the clinical field for more than a decade, but largely in oral surgery and implant dentistry. Its utilization in plastic and reconstructive surgery is limited and lacking a comprehensive review. Hence, this article focuses on the various clinical applications of PRF pertaining to the plastic and reconstructive field through a systematic review. METHODS: In this review, articles describing the clinical application of PRF in plastic and reconstructive surgery were screened using predetermined inclusion and exclusion criteria...
February 2, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358158/internet-based-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-children-and-adolescents-with-dental-anxiety-open-trial
#19
Shervin Shahnavaz, Erik Hedman-Lagerlöf, Tove Hasselblad, Lena Reuterskiöld, Viktor Kaldo, Göran Dahllöf
BACKGROUND: Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is an evidence-based method for treating specific phobias, but access to treatment is difficult, especially for children and adolescents with dental anxiety. Psychologist-guided Internet-based CBT (ICBT) may be an effective way of increasing accessibility while maintaining treatment effects. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that psychologist-guided ICBT improves school-aged children's and adolescents' ability to manage dental anxiety by (1) decreasing avoidance and affecting the phobia diagnosis and (2) decreasing the dental fear and increasing the target groups' self-efficacy...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355411/potential-uses-of-arginine-in-dentistry
#20
M M Nascimento
Carious lesions develop in tooth surfaces where there is an imbalance of the processes of acid and alkali production by supragingival biofilms. Since low pH is the main driving factor in the development of carious lesions, most efforts to identify an effective anticaries therapy have focused on targeting the acid-producing bacteria and their mechanisms of acid production. An expanding area of oral microbiology has now been devoted to explore microbial metabolic activities that help to neutralize biofilm pH and thus inhibit the caries process...
February 2018: Advances in Dental Research
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