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Veterinary or canine or feline or dog or cat

Simone Manzocchi, Eleonora Spiranelli, Walter Bertazzolo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 20, 2016: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
Ahmed Bulldan, Mazen Shihan, Sandra Goericke-Pesch, Georgios Scheiner-Bobis
A gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRH-A) implant induces hormonal castration in dogs that is associated with reduced prostate and testes size. We address the molecular events associated with hormonal castration by examining GnRH-A effects on expression and phosphorylation of a number of key signaling proteins. Male beagles were treated for 5 months with a GnRH-A implant, and then surgically castrated at 0, 3, 6, 12, and 24 weeks after implant removal; untreated animals served as controls. GnRH-A treatment led to activation of c-Raf, Erk1/2, and p53 in the testes...
October 20, 2016: Molecular Reproduction and Development
Paul Monsarrat, Bertrand Arcaute, Ove A Peters, Elisabeth Maury, Norbert Telmon, Marie Georgelin-Gurgel, Delphine Maret
OBJECTIVES: In endodontic practice, clinicians should be aware of possible root canal anatomic variations. The aim of this study was to assess using CBCT acquisitions regarding whether one root canal anatomy of a tooth is associated with a specific anatomy of another tooth. METHODS: A total of 106 CBCT acquisitions were obtained using a CBCT scanner with 200μm voxel size. Numbers of roots and canals of the entire dentition were described. Bivariate analyses and logistic regressions were conducted to explore root canal anatomy on one tooth according to age, gender, jaw, side and the others teeth...
2016: PloS One
Yan G Fulcher, Martial Fotso, Chee-Hoon Chang, Hans Rindt, Carol R Reinero, Steven R Van Doren
Asthma is prevalent in children and cats, and needs means of noninvasive diagnosis. We sought to distinguish noninvasively the differences in 53 cats before and soon after induction of allergic asthma, using NMR spectra of exhaled breath condensate (EBC). Statistical pattern recognition was improved considerably by preprocessing the spectra with probabilistic quotient normalization and glog transformation. Classification of the 106 preprocessed spectra by principal component analysis and partial least squares with discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) appears to be impaired by variances unrelated to eosinophilic asthma...
2016: PloS One
Leandro Z Crivellenti, Gyl E B Silva, Sofia Borin-Crivellenti, Rachel Cianciolo, Christopher A Adin, Márcio Dantas, Denner S Dos Anjos, Mirela Tinucci-Costa, Aureo E Santana
The incidence and prevalence of paraneoplastic glomerulopathy, especially associated with carcinoma, are a matter of debate and the causal link between cancer and glomerular diseases remains unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate renal biopsies of selected bitches with spontaneous mammary gland carcinoma. We hypothesized that dogs with mammary carcinomas would show histologic evidence of glomerular pathology. A prospective study was performed in dogs with naturally occurring mammary carcinoma that were undergoing tumor resection and ovariohysterectomy...
2016: PloS One
Richard J Kedanis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Holistic Nursing Practice
Jacob Herrmann, Merryn H Tawhai, David W Kaczka
Regional ventilation in the injured lung is heterogeneous and frequency-dependent, making it difficult to predict how an oscillatory flow waveform at a specified frequency will be distributed throughout the periphery. To predict the impact of mechanical heterogeneity on regional ventilation distribution and gas transport, we developed a computational model of distributed gas flow and CO2 elimination during oscillatory ventilation from 0.1 to 30 Hz. The model consists of a three dimensional airway network of a canine lung, with heterogeneous parenchymal tissues to mimic effects of gravity and injury...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Applied Physiology
Gavin R McCormack, Taryn M Graham, Hayley Christian, Ann M Toohey, Melanie J Rock
OBJECTIVES: Our study objectives were to: 1) estimate differences in perceptions of the neighbourhood built environment among non-dog-owners, owners who walk their dogs (dog-walkers) and owners who do not walk their dogs (non-dog-walkers), and 2) estimate associations between perceptions of the neighbourhood built environment and dog-walking frequency. METHOD: A random cross-section of Calgary adults completed telephone interviews during August-October 2007 (n = 2,199, response rate = 33...
October 20, 2016: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
Anne-Lise Chaber, Gabriele Cozzi, Femke Broekhuis, Robyn Hartley, John W McNutt
The recent increase in the creation of transboundary protected areas and wildlife corridors between them lends importance to information on pathogen prevalence and transmission among wildlife species that will become connected. One such initiative is the Kavango Zambezi Transfrontier Conservation Area of which Botswana's Okavango Delta constitutes a major contribution for wildlife and ecosystems. Between 2008 and 2011, we collected serum samples from 14 lions ( Panthera leo ), four leopards ( Panthera pardus ), 19 spotted hyenas ( Crocuta crocuta ), and six cheetahs ( Acinonyx jubatus ) in the Okavango...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
Hudson Alves Pinto, Vitor Luis Tenà Rio Mati, Diego Florencio Pujoni, Alan Lane de Melo
The trematodes belonging to the genus Platynosomum are biliary parasites of birds and mammals (domestic and wildlife) in tropical and subtropical areas of the globe. Despite several reports on platynosomosis in captive nonhuman primates, mainly in South America, the taxonomy of species of Platynosomum that infect these hosts remains confused, and it is not clear whether the species found in cats is the same that infects nonhuman primates. Because a detailed morphological study of Platynosomum from nonhuman primates is lacking, in this study we analyzed specimens of Platynosomum recovered from the biliary system of Callithrix penicillata kept in captivity in an animal facility...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Parasitology
Lionel Sebbag, Shin Ae Park, Philip H Kass, David J Maggs, Mayssa Attar, Christopher J Murphy
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate repeatability and reproducibility of tear osmolarity measured using the TearLab(™) osmometer in normal dogs and to assess its diagnostic potential in dogs with keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS). ANIMALS STUDIED: Beagle dogs; six normal and five with KCS. PROCEDURES: Tear osmolarity and Schirmer tear test-1 (STT-1) values were obtained at various times. Normal dogs were assessed for diurnal variation and repeatability and reproducibility of measurements...
October 20, 2016: Veterinary Ophthalmology
Shreen Deeb Nusair, Yousef Sa'id Abu Zarour
The acute toxicity of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins/dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) was investigated in the earthworm Eisenia andrei using filter paper toxicity test. Protein content, catalase (CAT) activity, and histology of intestinal wall (chloragogen cells and intestinal epithelium) were investigated in earthworms exposed for 48 h to 0 (control), 0.5, 1.0, and 1.5 ng/cm(2) PCDD/Fs. The results showed an increase in the total protein content 1.56- (p = 0.104), 1.66- (p = 0.042), and 2.26-fold (p < 0...
October 19, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Maria Stefania Latrofa, Alessio Giannelli, Maria Flaminia Persichetti, Maria Grazia Pennisi, Laia Solano-Gallego, Emanuele Brianti, Antonio Parisi, Richard Wall, Filipe Dantas-Torres, Domenico Otranto
Despite their medical and veterinary importance, some tick species are so poorly studied, that their role within pathogen vector transmission cycles is difficult to assess. The tick Ixodes ventalloi is one such species, and its biology and phylogenetic status remain an issue of debate. In the present study, specimens of adult I. ventalloi (n = 65 females; n = 31 males) infesting cats in the Lipari Island (Aeolian archipelago, Sicily, southern Italy) were characterized morphologically and molecularly, the latter based on mitochondrial 16S rRNA and cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (cox1) genes...
October 20, 2016: Parasitology Research
H Bakhtiar, H Mirzaei, M R Bagheri, N Fani, F Mashhadiabbas, M Baghaban Eslaminejad, D Sharifi, M H Nekoofar, Pmh Dummer
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to compare the effect of treated dentine matrix (TDM) and tricalcium phosphate (TCP) scaffolds on odontogenic differentiation and mineralization of dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) in furcation perforations created in the pulp chamber floor of premolar teeth in dogs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: DPSCs were isolated and cultured from the dental pulp of the maxillary left second and third premolars of dogs. The DPSCs were loaded on TCP (SC+TCP) and TDM (SC+TDM) scaffolds and inserted into intentionally perforated pulp chamber floors of premolars in dogs; six teeth were used for each group...
October 20, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
Michael Wolf, U Schulte, K Küpper, C Bourauel, L Keilig, S N Papageorgiou, C Dirk, C Kirschneck, N Daratsianos, A Jäger
OBJECTIVES: While permanent retention is today the method of choice to stabilize orthodontic treatment outcomes, recent studies have increasingly reported posttreatment changes in tooth position during permanent retention. We conducted this study to analyze changes in the anterior mandible, whether the changes follow an underlying movement pattern, and, aiming for a preventive strategy, whether any risk factors could be identified comparing findings with the pretreatment situations. METHODS: We included 30 patients who had worn fixed Twistflex retainers (UK 3-3) extending from canine to canine in the mandible...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics, Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie
Julie A Gervais, James K Roush, David S Biller
OBJECTIVES: To assess the potential of a new single-session surgical procedure, the overlapping pubic and ischiatic osteotomy (OPIO) for modification of bilateral hip conformation. We hypothesized that OPIO would be simple to perform with currently available surgical equipment, through a single surgical approach, with minimal potential morbidity, and that it would allow adequate simultaneous bilateral improvement of coxofemoral joint conformation in patients at risk of canine hip dysplasia...
October 20, 2016: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
Michael G Ficklin, Michael P Kowaleski, Kevin A R Kunkel, Jonathan T Suber
A two-year-old, 44 kg dog with a right Helica cementless total hip replacement (THR) was radiographically diagnosed with implant loosening eight months after the index total hip replacement procedure. Subsequent synoviocentesis and synovial fluid culture revealed a methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative Staphylococcus spp infection of the right THR. A one-stage revision using a hybrid BFX cementless acetabular cup and CFX cemented femoral stem was performed. Vancomycin and micro-silver antimicrobial powder impregnated cement were used in the revision...
October 20, 2016: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
Felix M Duerr, Alexandra Pauls, Chris Kawcak, Kevin Haussler, Gina Bertocci, Valerie Moorman, Melissa King
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use of inertial measurement units (IMU) for quantification of canine limb kinematics. METHODS: Sixteen clinically healthy, medium-sized dogs were enrolled. Baseline kinematic data were acquired using an optical motion capture system. Following this baseline data acquisition, a harness system was used for attachment of IMU to the animals. Optical kinematic data of dogs with and without the harness were compared to evaluate the influence of the harness on gait parameters...
October 20, 2016: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
Manuel Wohde, Silvia Berkner, Thomas Junker, Sabine Konradi, Lisa Schwarz, Rolf-Alexander Düring
The spread of veterinary medicinal products (VMPs) and biocides via manure onto agriculturally used areas represents a very important emission into the environment for these product groups. Within this literature study, publicly available transformation studies with liquid manure are summarized. Transformation studies were evaluated regarding the transformation fate of tested substances, the origin and characteristics of used manure, the experimental setup, and the measured parameters. As main topics within the 42 evaluated transformation studies, the high dependency of transformation on temperature, redox potential, dry matter content, and other parameters is reported...
2016: Environmental Sciences Europe
Nina Marie Rzechorzek, Colin Smith, Tobias Schwarz, Tiziana Liuti, Richard Elders, Samantha Woods, Jessica Lawrence, Katia Marioni-Henry
A dog presented with a retrobulbar mass, diagnosed histopathologically as malignant spindle cell neoplasia. Emergence of analogous findings in the contralateral orbit prompted extended immunohistochemistry of the original mass and reassignment to idiopathic sclerosing orbital inflammation. Early incisional biopsy with extended immunohistochemical analysis should be considered for canine orbital tumors.
October 2016: Clinical Case Reports
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