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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124953/bilingualism-a-human-right-in-times-of-anxiety-lessons-from-california
#1
Gabriela Simon-Cereijido
Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights refers to the individual's right of expression without interference, "through any media and regardless of frontiers". Currently, in some nations across the world, there is decreasing interest in cross-cultural interactions and a new interest in nationalism and assimilation, in communication within frontiers and in a specific medium: the national language. Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) advocate for individuals with communication disorders that interfere with their comprehension and expression...
November 10, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121151/association-between-cognitive-function-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer
#2
Amy M Williams, Jamie Lindholm, Diana Cook, Farzan Siddiqui, Tamer A Ghanem, Steven S Chang
Importance: There is a dearth of research examining the associations between cognitive function and quality of life (QoL) in patients with head and neck cancer (HNC), despite much research examining QoL and some research examining cognitive function in this population. Objective: To identify the associations between cognitive functioning and QoL in patients prior to treatment for HNC within a multidisciplinary care team. Design, Setting, and Participants: Case series with planned data collection of cognitive function, QoL, and psychosocial variables at an urban Midwest academic medical center including 83 patients with a diagnosis of HNC between August 2015 and December 2016 who underwent a pretreatment assessment with a clinical health psychologist and a speech and language pathologist...
November 9, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119844/symptom-relief-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-globus-patients-a-prospective-study
#3
Pia Järvenpää, Assi Laatikainen, Risto P Roine, Harri Sintonen, Perttu Arkkila, Leena-Maija Aaltonen
Globus may be a persistent symptom impairing patients' quality of life. Diagnostics and treatment are controversial but some globus patients may benefit from reassurance and attention. We investigated how globus symptoms change during a short-term follow-up without any treatment after an examination by an ear, nose and throat (ENT) physician and further diagnostic procedures. We also surveyed whether patients with persistent globus suffer from simultaneous voice problems. The study comprised 30 consecutive globus patients referred to Helsinki University Hospital, Department of Otorhinolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery...
November 9, 2017: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114771/south-asian-adults-performance-on-executive-function-tests
#4
Veena Kallambettu, Angela N Burda, Nicole Wakeman
Purpose: This study compared the performance of South Asian and White adults on the Behavioural Assessment of the Dysexecutive Syndrome (BADS; Wilson, Alderman, Burgess, Emslie, & Evans, 1996) and the Functional Assessment of Verbal Reasoning and Executive Strategies (FAVRES; MacDonald, 2005), tests that can be used by speech-language pathologists to assess executive function (EF). Method: Twenty South Asian and 20 White participants were administered the BADS and FAVRES...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114194/audiology-and-speech-language-pathology-practice-in-saudi-arabia
#5
Ahmad A Alanazi
Objectives: Audiology and speech-language pathology (SLP) are relatively new professions in Saudi Arabia. The idea of establishing new audiology and SLP programs in some education facilities has become popular across Saudi Arabia; yet, only four undergraduate and graduate programs are currently available. This study aimed to explore the fields of audiology and SLP in Saudi Arabia, obtain demography of audiologists and Speech-language pathologists (SLPs), understand their current practices, and identify their perspective on what both professions need to improve...
November 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090601/expiratory-muscle-strength-training-improves-swallowing-and-respiratory-outcomes-in-people-with-dysphagia-a-systematic-review
#6
Marinda Brooks, Emma McLaughlin, Nora Shields
PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of expiratory muscle strength training on communication and swallowing outcomes in adults with acquired motor based communication and/or swallowing difficulties of any aetiology. METHOD: A systematic review was conducted. Six databases (CINAHL, MEDLINE, EMBASE, SPEECHBYTE, AMED and PUBMED) were searched from inception until end of May 2016. Randomised and non-randomised controlled studies and pre-test/post-test studies published in English that investigated the effects of expiratory muscle strength training were included...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090308/the-frequency-and-nature-of-communication-between-school-based-speech-language-pathologists-and-caregivers-of-children-with-language-impairment
#7
Sherine R Tambyraja, Mary Beth Schmitt, Laura M Justice
Purpose: The present study investigates the extent to which school-based speech-language pathologists (SLPs) communicate with the caregivers of children with language impairment and the factors that are significantly associated with frequent communication. In addition, this study investigates the extent to which frequent SLP-caregiver communication is associated with change in language and literacy abilities of children. Method: To address the study aims, weekly communication logs from 73 SLPs, serving 3-5 children with language impairment in grades K-2, were collected for a complete academic year...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052050/inter-rater-reliability-of-the-dysphagia-outcome-and-severity-scale-doss-effects-of-clinical-experience-audio-recording-and-training
#8
Angeliki Zarkada, Julie Regan
The Dysphagia Outcome and Severity Scale (DOSS) is widely used to measure dysphagia severity based on videofluoroscopy (VFSS). This study investigated inter-rater reliability (IRR) of the DOSS. It also determined the effect of clinical experience, VFSS audio-recording and training on DOSS IRR. A quantitative prospective research design was used. Seventeen speech and language pathologists (SLPs) were recruited from an acute teaching hospital, Dublin (> 3 years' VFSS experience, n = 10) and from a postgraduate dysphagia programme in a university setting (< 3 years' VFSS experience; n = 7)...
October 19, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043925/filipino-therapists-experiences-and-attitudes-of-interprofessional-education-and-collaboration-a-cross-sectional-survey
#9
Michael Palapal Sy
For the past more than 50 years, the World Health Organisation has acknowledged through empirical findings that health workers that learn together work together effectively to provide the best care for their patients. This study aimed to: (1) describe the perceived extent of interprofessional education (IPE) experience among Filipino occupational therapists (OTs), physical therapists (PTs), and speech-language-pathologists (SLPs); (2) identify their attitudes towards interprofessional collaboration (IPC); and (3) compare their attitudes towards IPC according to: prior IPE experience, classification of IPE experience, profession, years of practice, and practice setting...
November 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994625/the-letter-knowledge-assessment-tool
#10
Cassandra Pedro, Marisa Lousada, Rita Pereira, Andreia Hall, Luis M T Jesus
PURPOSE: There is a need to develop letter knowledge assessment tools to characterise the letter knowledge in Portuguese pre-schoolers and to compare it with pre-schoolers from other countries, but there are no tools for this purpose in Portugal. The aim of this paper is to describe the development and validation procedures of the Prova de Avaliação de Competências de Pré-Literacia (PACPL), which assesses letter knowledge. METHOD: This study includes data that has been gathered in two phases: pilot and main study...
October 10, 2017: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983422/speech-language-pathology-evaluation-and-management-of-hyperkinetic-disorders-affecting-speech-and-swallowing-function
#11
REVIEW
Julie M Barkmeier-Kraemer, Heather M Clark
BACKGROUND: Hyperkinetic dysarthria is characterized by abnormal involuntary movements affecting respiratory, phonatory, and articulatory structures impacting speech and deglutition. Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) play an important role in the evaluation and management of dysarthria and dysphagia. This review describes the standard clinical evaluation and treatment approaches by SLPs for addressing impaired speech and deglutition in specific hyperkinetic dysarthria populations. METHODS: A literature review was conducted using the data sources of PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Google Scholar...
2017: Tremor and Other Hyperkinetic Movements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971048/verification-of-reliability-and-validity-of-the-feeding-and-swallowing-scale-for-premature-infants-fsspi
#12
Chang Won Moon, Han Geul Jung, Hee Jung Cheon, Su Mi Oh, Young Ok Ki, Jeong-Yi Kwon
OBJECTIVE: To propose a new scale, the Feeding and Swallowing Scale for Premature Infants (FSSPI), based on videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS) findings and to verify the reliability and validity of the FSSPI. METHODS: One hundred thirty preterm infants who had undergone VFSS were enrolled in this retrospective study. The FSSPI was developed by referring to the Baby Regulated Organization of Subsystems and Sucking approach. The FSSPI score for each VFSS video was evaluated by a physiatrist as well as by three experienced speech-language pathologists...
August 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967605/-22q11-2%C3%A2-microdeletion-syndrome-analysis-of-the-care-pathway-before-the-genetic-diagnosis
#13
T Ingrao, L Lambert, M Valduga, G Bosser, E Albuisson, B Leheup
BACKGROUND: 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2DS) is a very broad phenotypic spectrum disorder. It can affect many organs or systems. 22q11.2DS is the most common microdeletion syndrome in humans, with a prevalence ranging from one in every 2000 to one in 4000 newborns. It seems to be more prevalent than reported and under-recognized or undiagnosed because of its inherent clinical variability and heterogeneity. In France, 15,000 patients may be affected by this disease, more than half without knowing it...
November 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964276/a-comparison-of-speech-intonation-production-and-perception-abilities-of-farsi-speaking-cochlear-implanted-and-normal-hearing-children
#14
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Narges Moein, Seyyedeh Maryam Khoddami, Mohammad Rahim Shahbodaghi
INTRODUCTION: Cochlear implant prosthesis facilitates spoken language development and speech comprehension in children with severe-profound hearing loss. However, this prosthesis is limited in encoding information about fundamental frequency and pitch that are essentially for recognition of speech prosody. The purpose of the present study is to investigate the perception and production of intonation in cochlear implant children and comparison with normal hearing children. METHOD: This study carried out on 25 cochlear implanted children and 50 children with normal hearing...
October 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956679/distance-delivery-of-a-spoken-language-intervention-for-school-aged-and-adolescent-boys-with-fragile-x-syndrome
#15
Andrea McDuffie, Amy Banasik, Lauren Bullard, Sarah Nelson, Robyn Tempero Feigles, Randi Hagerman, Leonard Abbeduto
A small randomized group design (N = 20) was used to examine a parent-implemented intervention designed to improve the spoken language skills of school-aged and adolescent boys with FXS, the leading cause of inherited intellectual disability. The intervention was implemented by speech-language pathologists who used distance video-teleconferencing to deliver the intervention. The intervention taught mothers to use a set of language facilitation strategies while interacting with their children in the context of shared story-telling...
September 28, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949263/reference-values-of-maximum-performance-tests-of-speech-production
#16
Simone Knuijt, Johanna Kalf, Baziel Van Engelen, Alexander Geurts, Bert de Swart
PURPOSE: Maximum performance tests examine upper limits of speech motor performance, as used by speech-language pathologists in dysarthria assessment protocols. The Radboud Dysarthria Assessment includes maximum repetition rate, maximum phonation time, fundamental frequency range and maximum phonation volume to assist in detecting pathological performance. This study aims to obtain reference values for each of these tests. METHOD: A group of 224 healthy Dutch adults aged 18-80 years performed the maximum performance tests...
September 26, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940784/cognitive-impairment-has-no-impact-on-hospital-associated-dysphagia-in-aspiration-pneumonia-patients
#17
Keisuke Maeda, Hidetaka Wakabayashi, Hiroshi Shamoto, Junji Akagi
AIM: Hospital-associated dysphagia, characterized by deconditioning of swallowing as a result of hospitalization, is sometimes observed in patients with aspiration pneumonia (AP). Cognitive impairment is known as a negative factor in dysphagia rehabilitation. The present study aimed to examine the association between cognitive impairment and hospital-associated dysphagia in patients with AP receiving dysphagia rehabilitation. METHODS: A retrospective observational study was carried out in an acute geriatric hospital...
September 21, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936189/psychometric-properties-of-language-assessments-for-children-aged-4-12-years-a-systematic-review
#18
Deborah Denman, Renée Speyer, Natalie Munro, Wendy M Pearce, Yu-Wei Chen, Reinie Cordier
Introduction: Standardized assessments are widely used by speech pathologists in clinical and research settings to evaluate the language abilities of school-aged children and inform decisions about diagnosis, eligibility for services and intervention. Given the significance of these decisions, it is important that assessments have sound psychometric properties. Objective: The aim of this systematic review was to examine the psychometric quality of currently available comprehensive language assessments for school-aged children and identify assessments with the best evidence for use...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929518/reliability-and-validity-of-the-korean-language-version-of-the-communication-function-classification-system-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#19
J Y Choi, E H Hwang, D Rha, E S Park
PURPOSE: The Communication Function Classification System (CFCS) and Viking Speech Scale (VSS) are useful systems for describing the broad communication function and speech intelligibility, respectively, of children with cerebral palsy (CP). The aims of this study were to determine the reliability and validity of the Korean version of the CFCS and also to investigate the association between the CFCS and the VSS and other functional classifications for children with CP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants were 50 children with CP (33 males, 17 females; mean age 7...
September 20, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915514/developmental-stuttering-in-children-who-are-hard-of-hearing
#20
Richard M Arenas, Elizabeth A Walker, Jacob J Oleson
Purpose: A number of studies with large sample sizes have reported lower prevalence of stuttering in children with significant hearing loss compared to children without hearing loss. This study used a parent questionnaire to investigate the characteristics of stuttering (e.g., incidence, prevalence, and age of onset) in children who are hard of hearing (CHH). Method: Three hundred three parents of CHH who participated in the Outcomes of Children With Hearing Loss study (Moeller & Tomblin, 2015) were sent questionnaires asking about their child's history of stuttering...
September 15, 2017: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
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