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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792830/subglottic-resections-how-i-teach-it
#1
EDITORIAL
Konrad Hoetzenecker, Walter Klepetko
Surgical treatment of stenosis of the laryngotracheal junction can be challenging. Success is not only measured by the patency of the airway but also by preservation of the full functional capacity of the larynx. This unique feature of subglottic resections requires a close cooperation with speech-language pathologists and ENT specialists.
May 21, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790394/speech-and-language-pathologists-perceptions-and-practises-of-communication-partner-training-to-support-children-s-communication-with-high-tech-speech-generating-devices
#2
Helena Tegler, Mia Pless, Monica Blom Johansson, Karin Sonnander
PURPOSE: This study examined speech and language pathologists' (SLPs') perceptions and practices of communication partner training with high-tech speech generating devices (SGDs). METHOD: Fifteen SLPs were recruited throughout Sweden. The SLPs answered a study-specific questionnaire on communication partner training in relation to communication partners to children with severe cerebral palsy and intellectual disability. The results were analysed with descriptive statistics (closed-ended questions, responses on Likert scales) and content analysis (open-ended question) using ICF-CY...
May 23, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734179/the-effectiveness-of-parental-questionnaires-in-the-assessment-of-speech-language-and-auditory-function-in-children
#3
Renee Fabus, Abbey L Berg, Yula C Serpanos, Mary Jo Cooley Hidecker
OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the use of a parental questionnaire to determine its effectiveness as a screening tool in identifying speech-language and/or auditory impairments in children. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Parents completed speech-language (n = 36) or audiology (n = 23) questionnaires prior to their child's speech-language and/or auditory evaluations. The speech-language and audiology evaluations were conducted by clinicians at three different universities not familiar with the administration and scoring of the parental questionnaires...
May 7, 2018: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726363/dysphagia-treatment-for-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer-undergoing-radiation-therapy-a-meta-analysis-review
#4
REVIEW
Elissa Greco, Tijana Simic, Jolie Ringash, George Tomlinson, Yoko Inamoto, Rosemary Martino
PURPOSE: Patients undergoing radiation therapy with or without chemotherapy (C/RT) for head and neck cancer (HNC) often develop dysphagia. Interventions from speech-language pathologists aim to maintain or improve swallow physiology and function. However, it is unclear which interventions provide the greatest benefit. We performed a systematic review to assess the benefit of exercise therapy on swallow physiology, function, and related quality of life (QOL). METHODS AND MATERIALS: We searched 7 electronic databases up to July 12, 2017, for all primary studies of any language or design that included the following: a behavioral swallowing intervention for patients with HNC treated with curative C/RT, a comparison group, and outcomes related to swallow physiology, function, and/or QOL...
June 1, 2018: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724145/elizabeth-usher-memorial-lecture-how-do-we-change-our-profession-using-the-lens-of-behavioural-economics-to-improve-evidence-based-practice-in-speech-language-pathology
#5
Patricia J McCabe
Evidence-based practice (EBP) is a well-accepted theoretical framework around which speech-language pathologists strive to build their clinical decisions. The profession's conceptualisation of EBP has been evolving over the last 20 years with the practice of EBP now needing to balance research evidence, clinical data and informed patient choices. However, although EBP is not a new concept, as a profession, we seem to be no closer to closing the gap between research evidence and practice than we were at the start of the movement toward EBP in the late 1990s...
May 3, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724130/elucidating-inconsistencies-in-dysphagia-diagnostics-redefining-normal
#6
Emily K Plowman, Ianessa A Humbert
Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) are the primary healthcare providers responsible for the evaluation and treatment of dysphagia. Fundamental to this role is the ability to make accurate clinical judgements to distinguish between normal versus disordered swallowing for subsequent treatment planning. In this review, we highlight recent data collected from practising clinicians in the USA that reveal low levels of agreement across clinicians and poor to moderate levels of accuracy for making binary diagnostic ratings (normal vs...
May 3, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723653/a-persian-version-of-the-stuttering-severity-instrument-version-four-ssi-4-how-the-new-additions-to-ssi-4-complement-its-stuttering-severity-score
#7
Neda Tahmasebi, Bijan Shafie, Hamid Karimi, Masood Mazaheri
PURPOSE: The fourth version of the Stuttering Severity Instrument (SSI-4) has been available since 2009. It has some modifications and new features which make it more appropriate at least for clinical practice, although further documentation is needed. The objective of the current research was to translate SSI-4 into Persian language and to discuss its relative and absolute reliability as well as its criterion validity for Persian adults who stutter (PWS). We also aimed to study how the new subjective self-reports of the SSI-4 complement the stuttering severity score obtained from the SSI-3 or the SSI-4...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719283/performance-of-phonatory-deviation-diagrams-in-synthesized-voice-analysis
#8
Leonardo Wanderley Lopes, Karoline Evangelista da Silva, Deyverson da Silva Evangelista, Anna Alice Almeida, Priscila Oliveira Costa Silva, Jorge Lucero, Mara Behlau
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the performance of a phonatory deviation diagram (PDD) in discriminating the presence and severity of voice deviation and the predominant voice quality of synthesized voices. METHOD: A speech-language pathologist performed the auditory-perceptual analysis of the synthesized voice (n = 871). The PDD distribution of voice signals was analyzed according to area, quadrant, shape, and density. RESULTS: Differences in signal distribution regarding the PDD area and quadrant were detected when differentiating the signals with and without voice deviation and with different predominant voice quality...
May 2, 2018: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710314/auditory-perceptual-assessment-of-fluency-in-typical-and-neurologically-disordered-speech
#9
Nelly Penttilä, Anna-Maija Korpijaakko-Huuhka, Ray D Kent
Purpose: The aim of this study is to investigate how speech fluency in typical and atypical speech is perceptually assessed by speech-language pathologists (SLPs). Our research questions were as follows: (a) How do SLPs rate fluency in speakers with and without neurological communication disorders? (b) Do they differentiate the speaker groups? and (c) What features do they hear impairing speech fluency? Method: Ten SLPs specialized in neurological communication disorders volunteered as expert judges to rate 90 narrative speech samples on a Visual Analogue Scale (see Kempster, Gerratt, Verdolini Abbott, Barkmeier-Kraemer, & Hillman, 2009; p...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710283/intervention-techniques-used-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-by-speech-language-pathologists-in-the-united-states-and-taiwan-a-descriptive-analysis-of-practice-in-clinical-settings
#10
Ming-Yeh Hsieh, Georgina Lynch, Charles Madison
Purpose: This study examined intervention techniques used with children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) by speech-language pathologists (SLPs) in the United States and Taiwan working in clinic/hospital settings. The research questions addressed intervention techniques used with children with ASD, intervention techniques used with different age groups (under and above 8 years old), and training received before using the intervention techniques. Method: The survey was distributed through the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association to selected SLPs across the United States...
April 27, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710276/the-prevalence-of-speech-and-language-disorders-in-french-speaking-preschool-children-from-yaound%C3%A3-cameroon
#11
Lilly Tchoungui Oyono, Michelle Pascoe, Shajila Singh
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of speech and language disorders in French-speaking preschool-age children in Yaoundé, the capital city of Cameroon. Method: A total of 460 participants aged 3-5 years were recruited from the 7 communes of Yaoundé using a 2-stage cluster sampling method. Speech and language assessment was undertaken using a standardized speech and language test, the Evaluation du Langage Oral (Khomsi, 2001), which was purposefully renormed on the sample...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709201/telehealth-and-autism-a-systematic-search-and-review-of-the-literature
#12
Rebecca Sutherland, David Trembath, Jacqueline Roberts
PURPOSE: Research interest in telehealth and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has grown. There is a need to review the literature to allow speech-language pathologists (SLPs) and other service providers to consider applicability to their settings. The aim of this review was to examine the nature and outcomes of studies examining telehealth assessment and/or intervention in ASD. METHOD: A systematic search of the literature was undertaken, with 14 studies meeting inclusion criteria...
April 30, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674986/comparing-feedback-types-in-multimedia-learning-of-speech-by-young-children-with-common-speech-sound-disorders-research-protocol-for-a-pretest-posttest-independent-measures-control-trial
#13
Wendy Doubé, Paul Carding, Kieran Flanagan, Jordy Kaufman, Hannah Armitage
Children with speech sound disorders benefit from feedback about the accuracy of sounds they make. Home practice can reinforce feedback received from speech pathologists. Games in mobile device applications could encourage home practice, but those currently available are of limited value because they are unlikely to elaborate "Correct"/"Incorrect" feedback with information that can assist in improving the accuracy of the sound. This protocol proposes a "Wizard of Oz" experiment that aims to provide evidence for the provision of effective multimedia feedback for speech sound development...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671679/the-cut-off-analysis-using-visual-analogue-scale-and-cepstral-assessments-on-severity-of-voice-disorder
#14
Yeon Woo Lee, Geun Hyo Kim, In Ho Bae, Hee June Park, Soo Geun Wang, Soon Bok Kwon
PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to: (1) determine the visual analogue scale (VAS) and cepstrum peak prominence (CPP) cut-off points on the ratings of numerical scale (NS) related to the severity of voice disorder ratings and (2) verify the discriminative power of these cut-off points for distinguishing between different severities of voice disorder. METHODS: Auditory-perceptual severity assessments (VAS and four-point NS) of 214 voice samples were performed by three speech-language pathologists and CPP parameters were used for the acoustic analysis...
April 19, 2018: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625425/school-based-speech-language-pathologists-perspectives-on-diagnostic-decision-making
#15
Katrina Fulcher-Rood, Anny P Castilla-Earls, Jeff Higginbotham
Purpose: This study used a structured open interview approach to elicit information from school-based speech-language pathologists (SLPs) regarding their assessment practices for children with suspected language impairment. Method: Phone interviews were conducted with 39 school-based SLPs who were employed across the United States. The interviews explored assessment topics related to assessment tool selection and rationale and the integration of assessment data to determine treatment eligibility...
April 6, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621800/improving-narrative-production-in-children-with-language-disorders-an-early-stage-efficacy-study-of-a-narrative-intervention-program
#16
Sandra L Gillam, Abbie Olszewski, Katie Squires, Katie Wolfe, Timothy Slocum, Ronald B Gillam
Purpose: As noted in this forum, more research is needed to support the work of school-based speech-language pathologists who are designing and implementing interventions for students with language disorders. This article presents the findings of a multiple-baseline, single-subject study that was conducted to assess the outcomes of an intervention designed to improve narrative discourse proficiency for children with language disorders. Method: Four school-age children with language disorders that included deficits in narration received an experimental version of a 3-phase narrative language intervention program called Supporting Knowledge in Language and Literacy (Gillam, Gillam, & Laing, 2014)...
April 5, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621799/curriculum-based-language-assessment-with-culturally-and-linguistically-diverse-students-in-the-context-of-mathematics
#17
Brandi L Newkirk-Turner, Valerie E Johnson
Purpose: The purpose of this tutorial is to discuss the use of curriculum-based language assessment (CBLA) with students who are English language learners and students who speak nonmainstream varieties of English, such as African American English. Method: The article begins with a discussion of the discourse of mathematics and the role of the speech-language pathologist (SLP), followed by a review of studies that includes those that examined the performance of English language learner and nonmainstream dialect-speaking students on word-based math items...
April 5, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621798/facilitating-postsecondary-transition-and-promoting-academic-success-through-language-literacy-based-self-determination-strategies
#18
Ginger Collins, Julie A Wolter
Purpose: As noted by Powell (2018), speech-language pathologists (SLPs) are an integral part of the overarching curriculum for all students in schools, and this holds true for adolescents who require transition planning. The purpose of this tutorial is to focus on transition planning for secondary school students with a language-based learning disability (LLD) and provide a case illustration for how SLPs may use self-determination strategies to facilitate postsecondary transition while promoting academic success...
April 5, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621797/curriculum-based-language-interventions-what-who-why-where-and-how
#19
Ashley Bourque Meaux, Janet A Norris
Purpose: School-based speech-language pathologists (SLPs) have been asked to be contributors to the educational curriculum (American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, 2010). The aim of this tutorial is to provide elementary school-based SLPs with a guide to explore curriculum-based language interventions (CBLIs) in their practices. Method: In this tutorial, the authors (a) describe CBLI, (b) review the existing literature available to guide this type of practice in elementary school, (c) provide examples of how we have explored CBLIs, and (d) discuss the existing barriers for implementing CBLIs in schools...
April 5, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621796/laying-a-firm-foundation-embedding-evidence-based-emergent-literacy-practices-into-early-intervention-and-preschool-environments
#20
Pamela Terrell, Maggie Watson
Purpose: As part of this clinical forum on curriculum-based intervention, the goal of this tutorial is to share research about the importance of language and literacy foundations in natural environments during emergent literacy skill development, from infancy through preschool. Following an overview of intervention models in schools by Powell (2018), best practices at home, in child care, and in preschool settings are discussed. Speech-language pathologists in these settings will be provided a toolbox of best emergent literacy practices...
April 5, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
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