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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326919/an-introduction-to-the-origins-history-and-principles-of-ethnography
#1
Gemma Sinead Ryan
Background Ethnography is embedded in the history of research and has been considered a methodology in its own right. Its long history means those new to ethnography may find it complex to navigate the differing perspectives and its historical context. Philosophical perspectives further compound the complexities of understanding and making decisions about method. Aim To introduce the historical context of ethnography and its wide-ranging and differing perspectives. Discussion This paper provides an overview of the historical context of ethnography and discusses the different approaches to ethnography based on philosophical paradigms...
March 22, 2017: Nurse Researcher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326913/reflecting-on-the-learning-opportunities-of-presenting-at-a-conference
#2
Beverly Joshua
Background Research productivity is a major indicator of higher educational institutions' (HEI) academic performance. The increasing focus on research productivity is resulting in an expectation that academics publish their research initiatives, ideas and developments in their scope of work or area of interest. It can influence academic status and compel nursing academics to undertake higher degrees, including PhDs or other doctoral studies. Aim To articulate a nurse academic's reflection on presenting her doctoral thesis at an international conference and to encourage students to embrace the dissemination of research...
March 22, 2017: Nurse Researcher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320611/the-challenges-in-caring-for-morbidly-obese-patients-in-intensive-care-a-focused-ethnographic-study
#3
Caz Hales, Maureen Coombs, Kay de Vries
BACKGROUND: Critically ill morbidly obese patients pose considerable healthcare delivery and resource utilisation challenges. However little is known about the care of these patients in intensive care. OBJECTIVE: To explore medical and nursing practices and attitudes in intensive care when caring for critically ill morbidly obese patients. METHODS: A focused ethnographic approach was adopted. Participant observation of care practices and interviews with intensive care doctors and nurses were undertaken over a four month period...
March 17, 2017: Australian Critical Care: Official Journal of the Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306615/appreciative-advising-an-innovative-approach-to-advising-doctor-of-nursing-practice-students
#4
Karen Hande, Tom Christenbery, Julia Phillippi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 16, 2017: Nurse Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302309/best-practices-for-chiropractic-care-for-older-adults-a-systematic-review-and-consensus-update
#5
Cheryl Hawk, Michael J Schneider, Mitchell Haas, Paul Katz, Paul Dougherty, Brian Gleberzon, Lisa Z Killinger, John Weeks
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to update evidence-based recommendations on the best practices for chiropractic care of older adults. METHODS: The project consisted of a systematic literature review and a consensus process. The following were searched from October 2009 through January 2016: MEDLINE, Index to Chiropractic Literature, CINAHL (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature), AMED (Allied and Complementary Medicine Database), Alt HealthWatch, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and Cochrane Registry of Controlled Trials...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302217/-assessing-the-current-status-of-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-in-the-usage-of-web-based-survey-questionnaires-by-thoracic-surgeons-and-nurses-attending-the-meeting-in-mainland-china
#6
Na Du, Chenglin Guo, Mei Yang, Yanli Ji, Wei Wang, Jie Li, Chuan Li, Lunxu Liu, Guowei Che
BACKGROUND: Though the concept of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) has been progressively known by the surgeons and applied clinically, the current status of its cognition among thoracic surgeons and application in thoracic surgery is still unknown. Based on the analysis of a survey of thoracic surgeons and nurses on chest ERAS during a national conference, we aimed to analyze the status and difficulties of the application of ERAS in thoracic surgery. METHODS: A total of 773 questionnaires were collected during the first West China chest ERAS Forum and analyzed...
March 20, 2017: Zhongguo Fei Ai za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301032/cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-an-instrument-on-barriers-for-the-use-of-research-results
#7
Maria Beatriz Guimarães Ferreira, Vanderlei José Haas, Rosana Aparecida Spadoti Dantas, Márcia Marques Dos Santos Felix, Cristina Maria Galvão
Objective: to culturally adapt The Barriers to Research Utilization Scale and to analyze the metric validity and reliability properties of its Brazilian Portuguese version. Method: methodological research conducted by means of the cultural adaptation process (translation and back-translation), face and content validity, construct validity (dimensionality and known groups) and reliability analysis (internal consistency and test-retest). The sample consisted of 335 nurses, of whom 43 participated in the retest phase...
March 2, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293145/nursing-home-nurses-and-community-dwelling-older-adults-reported-knowledge-attitudes-and-behavior-toward-antibiotic-use
#8
Christine E Kistler, Anna Beeber, Sylvia Becker-Dreps, Kimberly Ward, Megan Meade, Brittany Ross, Philip D Sloane
BACKGROUND: Antibiotic overuse causes antibiotic resistance, one of the most important threats to human health. Older adults, particularly those in nursing homes, often receive antibiotics when they are not indicated. METHODS: To understand knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of nursing home (NH) nurses and community-dwelling older adults towards antibiotic use, especially in clinical situations consistent with antibiotic overuse, we conducted a mixed-method survey in two NHs and one Family Medicine clinic in North Carolina, among English-speaking nurses and community-dwelling, cognitively intact adults aged 65 years or older...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291809/impact-of-a-structured-icu-training-programme-in-resource-limited-settings-in-asia
#9
Rashan Haniffa, Yoel Lubell, Ben S Cooper, Sanjib Mohanty, Shamsul Alam, Arjun Karki, Rajya Pattnaik, Ahmed Maswood, R Haque, Raju Pangeni, Marcus J Schultz, Arjen M Dondorp
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact on ICU performance of a modular training program in three resource-limited general adult ICUs in India, Bangladesh, and Nepal. METHOD: A modular ICU training programme was evaluated using performance indicators from June 2009 to June 2012 using an interrupted time series design with an 8 to 15 month pre-intervention and 18 to 24 month post-intervention period. ICU physicians and nurses trained in Europe and the USA provided training for ICU doctors and nurses...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288089/complication-rates-for-fluoroscopic-guided-interlaminar-lumbar-epidural-steroid-injections-performed-by-certified-registered-nurse-anesthetists-in-diverse-practice-settings
#10
Donald E Beissel
STUDY QUESTION: What is the complication rate for Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists (CRNAs) performing fluoroscopic guided lumbar epidural steroid injections (LESIs)? METHODS: CRNA pain practitioners responded to questionnaires regarding their education level, experience, and practice locations. Participants also collected data on number of fluoroscopic guided LESIs performed and each of 20 complications for a 6-month period, and answered a poll regarding satisfaction with the data collection process...
November 2016: Journal for Healthcare Quality: Official Publication of the National Association for Healthcare Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285164/the-views-of-non-medical-prescribing-students-and-medical-mentors-on-interprofessional-competency-assessment-a-qualitative-exploration
#11
Janyne D Afseth, Ruth E Paterson
BACKGROUND: The United Kingdom (UK) is one of the least restrictive countries in terms of scope of prescribing practice for non-medical prescribers and is a rapidly expanding group of professionals. In the United Kingdom nurse prescribers are assessed in practice by Designated Medical Practitioners (DMP) (doctors) which is a unique approach. In light of proposals to permit nurses to assess each other the benefits and challenges associated with current approach to interprofessional assessment warranted further exploration...
March 1, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279073/end-of-life-care-and-discussions-in-japanese-geriatric-health-service-facilities
#12
Asako Kanoh, Yoshiyuki Kizawa, Satoru Tsuneto, Shoji Yokoya
BACKGROUND: Geriatric health service facilities (GHSFs) play important roles as intermediate care facilities for elderly individuals temporarily when they need rehabilitation before returning home. However, the number of residents spending their end-of-life (EOL) period in such facilities is increasing. To improve the quality of EOL care, end-of-life discussions (EOLDs) are recommended by some guidelines and studies. AIM: This study aimed to clarify the current practice of EOL care and EOLDs in GHSFs in Japan...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274222/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-among-health-care-providers-regarding-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-in-trinidad-and-tobago
#13
Mandreker Bahall, George Legall
BACKGROUND: Health care providers are often ill prepared to interact about or make acceptable conclusions on complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) despite its widespread use. We explored the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of health care providers regarding CAM. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted between March 1 and July 31, 2015 among health care providers working mainly in the public sector in Trinidad and Tobago. A 34-item questionnaire was distributed and used for data collection...
March 8, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271389/talking-about-your-prostate-perspectives-from-providers-and-community-members
#14
Seul Ki Choi, Jessica S Seel, Susan E Steck, Johnny Payne, Douglas McCormick, Courtney S Schrock, Daniela B Friedman
Prostate cancer (PrCA) screening is controversial, especially for African-American (AA) men who have higher PrCA incidence and mortality than other racial/ethnic groups. Patient-provider communication is important for the PrCA screening decision process. The study purpose was to better understand the current dialogue between primary care providers (PCPs-physicians and nurse practitioners) and AA men about PrCA prevention and screening. An online survey with 46 PCPs, education sessions (including pre/post surveys) with 56 AA men, and a forum with 5 panelists and 38 AA men for open dialogue were held to examine both provider and community perspectives on PrCA communication needs and practices...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267788/dementia-incidence-trend-over-1992-2014-in-the-netherlands-analysis-of-primary-care-data
#15
Emma F van Bussel, Edo Richard, Derk L Arts, Astrid C J Nooyens, Preciosa M Coloma, Margot W M de Waal, Marjan van den Akker, Marion C J Biermans, Markus M J Nielen, Kees van Boven, Hugo Smeets, Fiona E Matthews, Carol Brayne, Wim B Busschers, Willem A van Gool, Eric P Moll van Charante
BACKGROUND: Recent reports have suggested declining age-specific incidence rates of dementia in high-income countries over time. Improved education and cardiovascular health in early age have been suggested to be bringing about this effect. The aim of this study was to estimate the age-specific dementia incidence trend in primary care records from a large population in the Netherlands. METHODS AND FINDINGS: A dynamic cohort representative of the Dutch population was composed using primary care records from general practice registration networks (GPRNs) across the country...
March 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257045/perceptions%C3%A2-and%C3%A2-knowledge%C3%A2-of%C3%A2-nuts%C3%A2-amongst%C3%A2-health%C3%A2-professionals%C3%A2-in%C3%A2-new%C3%A2-zealand
#16
Rachel C Brown, Lee Ching Yong, Andrew R Gray, Siew Ling Tey, Alexandra Chisholm, Sook Ling Leong
Despite their nutritional value, population-level nut consumption remains low. Studies suggest that individuals would eat more nuts on their doctor's advice, making health professionals potentially important for promoting nut consumption. This cross-sectional study aimed to examine the perceptions and knowledge of nuts and the predictors of nut promotion among health professionals in New Zealand. Dietitians, general practitioners (GPs), and practice nurses were identified from the Electoral Roll and invited to complete a questionnaire (n = 318, 292, and 149 respondents respectively)...
March 1, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252825/effective-pain-management-in-recently-discharged-adult-trauma-patients-identifying-patient-and-system-barriers-a-prospective-exploratory-study
#17
Helen Goldsmith, Kate Curtis, Andrea McCloughen
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To identify barriers to adherence with prescribed analgesic regimens in recently discharged trauma patients. BACKGROUND: Trauma pain severely interferes with the life of healthy and often working individuals with intense and enduring pain experienced at home following discharge. The reasons for this are unclear considering discharge information (including discharge referral letters and nursing discharge checklists) and analgesics (scripts and/or medication) are routinely provided to patients at hospital discharge...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244055/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-towards-standard-precautions-sp-among-caregivers-at-hassan-ii-university-teaching-hospital-in-fes-morocco
#18
Moussa Benboubker, Boujemaa El Marnissi, Aziz Nhili, Karima El Rhazi
This survey aims at assessing knowledge, attitudes and practices towards standard precautions (SP) among caregivers at Hassan II University Teaching Hospital in Fes. This is a cross-sectional prospective and evaluative study that covers a two-month period. Data were collected using an anonymous and selfadministered questionnaire. Sampling population was divided into 307 nurses (53.8%), 210 hospital doctors (36.77%) and 57 support staff (9.45%), belonging to other various categories working in different departments...
February 21, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240094/what-nursing-students-reveal-about-and-learn-from-mentors-when-using-stories-of-clinical-practice
#19
Sharon Edwards
Aim This article considers findings from a narrative research analysis that illustrate what nursing students can reveal about being mentored through their stories of clinical practice experience. The aim is to advocate the use of stories as tools to assist mentors in their roles, and to express to them students' concerns, sensitivities and priorities about clinical placement experiences. The findings are extracted from the author's unpublished doctoral thesis Learning from Practice: The Value of Story in Nurse Education ( Edwards 2013 )...
February 27, 2017: Nursing Management (Harrow)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230685/first-letters-from-red-cross-nurses
#20
(no author information available yet)
Editor's note: From its first issue in 1900 to the present day, AJN has unparalleled archives detailing nurses' work and lives over more than a century. These articles not only chronicle nursing's growth as a profession within the context of the events of the day, but they also reveal prevailing societal attitudes about women, health care, and human rights. Today's nursing school curricula rarely include nursing's history, but it's a history worth knowing. To this end, From the AJN Archives highlights articles selected to fit today's topics and times...
March 2017: American Journal of Nursing
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