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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230685/first-letters-from-red-cross-nurses
#1
(no author information available yet)
Editor's note: From its first issue in 1900 to the present day, AJN has unparalleled archives detailing nurses' work and lives over more than a century. These articles not only chronicle nursing's growth as a profession within the context of the events of the day, but they also reveal prevailing societal attitudes about women, health care, and human rights. Today's nursing school curricula rarely include nursing's history, but it's a history worth knowing. To this end, From the AJN Archives highlights articles selected to fit today's topics and times...
March 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225878/the-p-a-c-i-e-n-t-e-protocol-an-instrument-for-breaking-bad-news-adapted-to-the-brazilian-medical-reality
#2
Carolina Rebello Pereira, Marco Antônio Marchetti Calônego, Lino Lemonica, Guilherme Antonio Moreira de Barros
OBJECTIVE: There are plenty of published tools for breaking bad medical news; however, none of them is culturally appropriate to our reality or published in the Brazilian literature. This study proposes a genuinely Brazilian communication tool and evaluates its acceptance among doctors and nurses. METHOD: This was a prospective study. The data were collected after specific training of doctors and nurses on the bad news communication techniques based on the P-A-C-I-E-N-T-E ("patient," in Portuguese) Protocol...
January 1, 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224693/analysis-of-team-types-based-on-collaborative-relationships-among-doctors-home-visiting-nurses-and-care-managers-for-effective-support-of-patients-in-end-of-life-home-care
#3
Junko Fujita, Sakiko Fukui, Sumie Ikezaki, Chizuru Otoguro, Mayuko Tsujimura
AIM: To define the team types consisting of doctors, home-visiting nurses and care managers for end-of-life care by measuring the collaboration relationship, and to identify the factors related to the team types. METHODS: A questionnaire survey of 43 teams including doctors, home-visiting nurses and care managers was carried out. The team types were classified based on mutual evaluations of the collaborative relationships among the professionals. To clarify the factors between team types with the patient characteristics, team characteristics and collaboration competency, univariate analysis was carried out with the Fisher's exact test or one-way analysis and multiple comparison analysis...
February 21, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220499/three-year-follow-up-of-implementation-of-evidence-based-transfusion-practice-in-a-tertiary-hospital
#4
A Norgaard, J Stensballe, T H de Lichtenberg, J O White, A Perner, M Wanscher, J Hillingsø, M L Holm, M Mau-Sørensen, H Sillesen, L Kjeldsen, C Bäck, J Nielsen, J Seeberg, M B Hansen, P I Johansson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Traditionally, Denmark has had a high rate of allogeneic red blood cell transfusion caused by a liberal transfusion practice despite the existence of restrictive guidelines. We established a Patient Blood Management programme in a tertiary hospital and report the results of the implementation of evidence-based transfusion practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Red blood cell transfusion quality indicators were compared with the evidence-based guideline at hospital and department level...
February 20, 2017: Vox Sanguinis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218568/-how-can-family-doctors-improve-the-participation-rate-in-mammographic-screening-the-role-of-prevention-nurses
#5
Csaba Móczár, Éva Ambrózay, Nyina Lehoczky
INTRODUCTION: In our country the participation rate in screenings, including mammographic screening is very low. Restructuring of primary care system through the development of practice teams is an important task. AIM: The authors examined the effectiveness of prevention nurses' work as a member of the practice team on the organization of mammographic screening. METHOD: Prevention nurses looked up women who did not participate in mammographic screening two years before proceeding the reference period according to a protocol...
February 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214614/predicting-medical-professionals-intention-to-allow-family-presence-during-resuscitation-a-cross-sectional-survey
#6
Meng-Kuan Lai, Bayu Aji Aritejo, Jing-Shia Tang, Chien-Liang Chen, Chia-Chang Chuang
BACKGROUND: Family presence during resuscitation is an emerging trend, yet it remains controversial, even in countries with relatively high acceptance of family presence during resuscitation among medical professionals. Family presence during resuscitation is not common in many countries, and medical professionals in these regions are unfamiliar with family presence during resuscitation. Therefore, this study predicted the medical professionals' intention to allow family presence during resuscitation by applying the theory of planned behaviour...
February 11, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184017/an-update-of-the-hong-kong-epilepsy-guideline-consensus-statement-on-the-use-of-antiepileptic-drugs-in-hong-kong
#7
J Ky Fong, E Ly Chan, H Leung, I Chan, R Sk Chang, G Cy Fong, E Lw Fung, C Ht Lui, B Bh Fung, T L Poon, D Siu, H T Wong, E Yeung, A Wy Yung, C Xl Zhu
OBJECTIVE: New information about antiepileptic drugs has arisen since the publication of the Hong Kong Epilepsy Guideline in 2009. This article set out to fill the knowledge gap between 2007 and 2016 on the use of antiepileptic drugs in Hong Kong. PARTICIPANTS: Between May 2014 and April 2016, four consensus meetings were held in Hong Kong, where a group comprising 15 professionals (neurologists, paediatricians, neurosurgeons, radiologists, and clinical psychologists) from both public and private sectors aimed to review the best available evidence and update all practising physicians on a range of clinical issues including drug-related matters...
February 2017: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183300/an-investigation-of-stigmatizing-attitudes-towards-people-living-with-hiv-aids-by-doctors-and-nurses-in-vientiane-lao-pdr
#8
Savina Vorasane, Masamine Jimba, Kimiyo Kikuchi, Junko Yasuoka, Keiko Nanishi, Jo Durham, Vanphanom Sychareun
BACKGROUND: Despite global efforts, HIV-related stigma continues to negatively impact the health and well-being of people living with HIV/AIDS. Even in healthcare settings, people with HIV/AIDS experience discrimination. Anecdotal evidence suggests that healthcare professionals in the Lao People's Democratic Republic, a lower-middle income country situated in Southeast Asia, stigmatize HIV/AID patients. The purpose of this study was to assess HIV stigmatizing attitudes within Laotian healthcare service providers and examine some of the factors associated with HIV/AIDS-related stigma among doctors and nurses...
February 10, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163923/long-term-efficacy-of-an-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-simulation-with-a-novel-low-cost-vascular-model-endo-circuit
#9
Tomoyuki Endo, Yutaka Kagaya, Yutaro Arata, Hiroyuki Imai
AIMS: This study investigated the long-term efficacy of a half-day extracorporeal membrane oxygenation simulation and low-cost vascular model for practitioner knowledge, skills, and attitudes in clinical settings and also assessed the usefulness of the vascular model. METHODS: We included participants who attended a half-day extracorporeal membrane oxygenation simulation focused on the veno-arterial method between April 2013 and January 2016 at Tohoku University Simulation Center (Sendai, Japan)...
January 2017: Acute Med Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161302/-professionalism-values-and-competences-in-specialized-medical-training
#10
N Giménez, J Alcaraz, M Gavagnach, R Kazan, A Arévalo, M Rodríguez-Carballeira
OBJECTIVE: To determine the perception of healthcare professionals (tutors, residents and teaching collaborators) involved in specialist medical training on the core values and skills to develop their tasks. METHODS: A tailor-made questionnaire aimed at healthcare professionals in 9health care centres and a referral hospital. Questionnaire: 4 sections and 51 variables (scale 1-10). RESULTS: A total of 287 professionals participated, which included 97% tutors (n=59), 38% residents (n=61), and 56% others (97 teaching collaborators and 70 not associated with teaching)...
February 1, 2017: Revista de Calidad Asistencial: Organo de la Sociedad Española de Calidad Asistencial
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158210/implementation-and-assessment-of-a-prevention-with-positives-intervention-among-people-living-with-hiv-at-five-hospitals-in-thailand
#11
Benjamas Baipluthong, Thanomsak Anekthananon, Warangkana Munsakul, Supunnee Jirajariyavej, Suvanna Asavapiriyanont, Ubonsri Hancharoenkit, Anuvat Roongpisuthipong, Sarika Pattanasin, Michael Martin, Lisa Guntamala, Rangsima Lolekha
BACKGROUND: We implemented a hospital-based prevention with positives (PwP) intervention among people living with HIV (PLHIV) that included HIV transmission risk screening, short HIV prevention messages, family planning, HIV disclosure counseling, and partner HIV testing at five hospitals in Thailand. We assessed changes in sexual risk behaviors among PLHIV who received the PwP services at the hospitals. METHODS: From January 2008-March 2009, we systematically selected a subset of PLHIV receiving care at the five hospitals to offer participation in the PwP intervention...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156608/when-home-means-another-nation-the-power-and-pitfalls-of-repatriation-at-the-end-of-life-from-a-tertiary-cancer-centre
#12
(no author information available yet)
: 46 Background: How people die lives on in the memory of those who survive. It is therefore pivotal for palliative teams to help craft an ending in line with patient and family goals. It has been observed in a tertiary cancer centre that there is often a spiritual imperative for patients to return to their nation of birth, once treatment is stopped and mortality accepted. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of 3 patients repatriated for end of life care to their nation of birth (Romania, Portugal, Ireland), focusing on: the conversations about the goal of repatriation and its meaning to the patient; the practical barriers and enablers of repatriation of patients with advanced cancer...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155298/use-of-physical-restraint-in-hospital-patients-a-descriptive-study-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-south-africa
#13
Sebastiana Z Kalula, Sabela G Petros
BACKGROUND: The use of physical restraint in patient management is a common and emotive issue, and has legal and ethical dimensions. OBJECTIVE: To document the prevalence of physical restraint use, patient characteristics associated with physical restraint use, and nurses' and doctors' knowledge and perceptions towards the practice. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 572 patients, of whom 132 were physically restrained, was conducted in acute wards of a tertiary hospital...
November 10, 2016: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150910/transformational-leadership-and-innovative-work-behavior-among-nursing-staff
#14
Mariam Masood, Bilal Afsar
The importance of innovation within organizations has been demonstrated on numerous occasions, which has subsequently led to the identification of effective leadership as a potential catalyst. Most of us would acknowledge that effective leadership plays a pivotal role to engender innovativeness among nursing staff. Although research has identified some leadership styles to foster a nurse's innovative work behavior, a comprehensive model explaining the effect of transformational leadership on nurses' innovative work behavior is still unclear...
February 2, 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150264/-the-use-of-informed-consent-in-clinical-nursing-practice
#15
Chun-Ting Cheng, Chiu-Chu Lin
Obtaining informed consent and ensuring patient autonomy are critical to implementing a patient-centered model of healthcare. Informed consent is a complex process of communication that includes three elements: disclosure, competence in making decisions, and voluntariness. However, individual patient factors, doctor-patient interaction, and cultural issues are known to influence the process of obtaining informed consent. Individual patient factors include the ability of patients to understand and determine their intent; doctor-patient interaction includes communication skills; and cultural issues include the expectations of patients with regard to family involvement in medical decision-making and in decision-making motives...
February 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150253/-the-role-of-nursing-education-in-the-advancement-of-the-nursing-profession
#16
Mei Chang Yeh
The present article discusses the role of nursing education in the advancement of the nursing profession in the context of the three facets of knowledge: generation, dissemination, and application. Nursing is an applied science and the application of knowledge in practice is the ultimate goal of the nursing profession. The reform of the healthcare delivery model requires that nurses acquire and utilize evidence-based clinical knowledge, critical thinking, effective communication, and team collaboration skills in order to ensure the quality of patient care and safety...
February 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143600/doctors-learning-experiences-in-end-of-life-care-a-focus-group-study-from-nursing-homes
#17
Anette Fosse, Sabine Ruths, Kirsti Malterud, Margrethe Aase Schaufel
BACKGROUND: Doctors often find dialogues about death difficult. In Norway, 45% of deaths take place in nursing homes. Newly qualified medical doctors serve as house officers in nursing homes during internship. Little is known about how nursing homes can become useful sites for learning about end-of-life care. The aim of this study was to explore newly qualified doctors' learning experiences with end-of-life care in nursing homes, especially focusing on dialogues about death. METHODS: House officers in nursing homes (n = 16) participated in three focus group interviews...
January 31, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140703/a-longitudinal-online-interprofessional-education-experience-involving-family-nurse-practitioner-students-and-pharmacy-students
#18
Andrea Collins, Amy Broeseker, Jill Cunningham, Cyndi Cortes, Jennifer Beall, Amy Bigham, Jongwha Chang
Interprofessional education (IPE) continues to gain traction worldwide. Challenges integrating IPE into health profession programmes include finding convenient times, meeting spaces, and level-appropriate assignments for each profession. This article describes the implementation of a 21-month prospective cohort study pilot programme for the Master of Science in nursing family nurse practitioner (FNP) and doctor of pharmacy (PharmD) students at a private university in the United States. This IPE experience utilised a blended approach for the learning activities; these students had initial and final sessions where they met face-to-face, with asynchronous online activities between these two sessions...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138264/validation-of-the-scale-on-satisfaction-of-adolescents-with-postoperative-pain-management-idiopathic-scoliosis-sap-s
#19
Christelle Khadra, Sylvie Le May, Ariane Ballard, Jean Théroux, Sylvie Charette, Edith Villeneuve, Stefan Parent, Argerie Tsimicalis, Jill MacLaren Chorney
BACKGROUND: Spinal fusion is a common orthopedic surgery in children and adolescents and is associated with high pain levels postoperatively. If the pain is not well managed, negative outcomes may ensue. To our knowledge, there is no measure in English that assesses patient's satisfaction with postoperative pain management following idiopathic scoliosis surgery. The aim of the present study was to assess the psychometric properties of the satisfaction subscale of the English version of the Satisfaction of Adolescents with Postoperative pain management - idiopathic Scoliosis (SAP-S) scale...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131421/impact-of-a-hand-hygiene-audit-on-hand-hygiene-compliance-in-a-tertiary-care-public-sector-teaching-hospital-in-south-india
#20
Apurba Sankar Sastry, Deepashree R, Prasanna Bhat
BACKGROUND: Hand hygiene (HH) practice is considered the most simple, cost-effective, and efficient way to prevent device-associated infections. Continuous auditing plays a vital role in the conversion of HH knowledge into practice. METHODS: An HH audit was carried out October 2015-September 2016 in 18 locations for a total of 1,080 observation periods and 64,800 minutes of observation. HH complete adherence rate (HHCAR) and HH partial adherence rate were analyzed...
January 25, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
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