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International radiation oncology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351341/labeling-for-big-data-in-radiation-oncology-the-radiation-oncology-structures-ontology
#1
Jean-Emmanuel Bibault, Eric Zapletal, Bastien Rance, Philippe Giraud, Anita Burgun
PURPOSE: Leveraging Electronic Health Records (EHR) and Oncology Information Systems (OIS) has great potential to generate hypotheses for cancer treatment, since they directly provide medical data on a large scale. In order to gather a significant amount of patients with a high level of clinical details, multicenter studies are necessary. A challenge in creating high quality Big Data studies involving several treatment centers is the lack of semantic interoperability between data sources...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338969/current-and-future-challenges-of-radiation-oncology-in-iran-a-report-from-the-iranian-society-of-clinical-oncology
#2
A Ameri, M Barzegartahamtan, M Ghavamnasiri, R Mohammadpour, H Dehghan, A Sebzari, K Novin, M Aloosh
AIMS: Growth of the cancer incidence rate in Iran has been very high in recent years. Therefore, the Iranian health care system should be prepared for the treatment of a huge number of patients in the foreseeable future. One of the most important treatment options for cancer is radiation. However, there is no comprehensive information on infrastructure for radiation oncology in this country. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 2015, a questionnaire was designed by the Iranian Society of Clinical Oncology (ISCO) and all radiation oncology centres in the country were visited to determine four important components of radiation oncology services, including facilities, equipment, personnel and patients...
January 12, 2018: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302928/trends-in-md-phd-graduates-entering-psychiatry-assessing-the-physician-scientist-pipeline
#3
Melissa R Arbuckle, Sean X Luo, Harold Alan Pincus, Joshua A Gordon, Joyce Y Chung, Mark Chavez, Maria A Oquendo
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to identify trends in MD/PhD graduates entering psychiatry, to compare these trends with other specialties, and to review strategies for enhancing the physician-scientist pipeline. METHODS: Data on 226,588 medical students graduating from Liaison Committee on Medical Education accredited programs between 1999 and 2012 (6626 MD/PhDs) were used to evaluate the number, percentage, and proportion of MD/PhDs entering psychiatry in comparison with other specialties (neurology, neurosurgery, internal medicine, family medicine, and radiation oncology)...
January 4, 2018: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297617/recommendations-for-the-treatment-of-children-with-radiotherapy-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-lmic-a-position-paper-from-the-pediatric-radiation-oncology-society-pros-lmic-and-pediatric-oncology-in-developing-countries-podc-working-groups-of-the-international
#4
Jeannette Parkes, Clayton Hess, Hester Burger, Yavuz Anacak, Verity Ahern, Scott C Howard, Moawia Elhassan, Soha Ahmed, Mithra Ghalibafian, Ahmed Nadeem Abbasi, Bilal Mazhar Qureshi, Mohamed Zaghloul, Eduardo Zubizarreta, Pierre Bey, Alan Davidson, Eric Bouffet, Natia Esiashvili
Pediatric radiotherapy is a critical part of pediatric oncology protocols and the quality of the radiotherapy may determine the future quality of life for long-term survivors. Multidisciplinary team decision making provides the basis for high-quality care. However, delivery of high-quality radiotherapy is dependent on resources. This article provides guidelines for delivery of good quality radiation therapy in resource-limited countries based on rational procurement and maintenance planning, protocol development, three-dimensional planning, quality assurance, and adequate staff numbers and training...
December 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286493/twenty-five-years-of-the-national-academy-of-medical-sciences-of-ukraine-progress-and-priorities-for-future-of-radiation-medicine-and-biology
#5
D Bazyka
After the creation of the Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine in 1993 the Research Center for Radiation Medicine was among the first institutions to join the Academy (fig. 1). Estab lishing the Academy was among the first steps of the independent Ukrainian government and aimed to provide a high level health care for population. It was extremely needed for the minimization of Chornobyl medical consequences. This choice was related to a growing recognition of the scientific research in fulfilling the Сenter's mission - study of the effects of low dose radiation on human body and radiation protection of the exposed population...
December 2017: Problemy Radiat︠s︡iĭnoï Medyt︠s︡yny Ta Radiobiolohiï
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279699/endocrine-health-problems-detected-in-764-patients-evaluated-in-a-late-effects-clinic
#6
Maria Conceição Pereira, Joana S Pereira, Daniela Dias, Sara Donato, Duarte Salgado
Background: Many pediatric cancer survivors have endocrine conditions. After treatment with alkylating agents, steroids, methotrexate, and radiation, several endocrine dysfunctions may appear. Surveillance for late effects is recommended by guidelines worldwide. Objective: The objective of this study was to describe the endocrine outcomes of 764 patients followed during a 20 years' period in our out-patient clinic. Design: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records...
September 2017: Case Reports in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237081/131i-internal-contamination-and-committed-dose-assessment-among-nuclear-medicine-medical-personnel
#7
K Brudecki, A Kluczewska-Galka, T Mróz, B Jarzab, P Zagrodzki, P Janowski
This study presents 131I thyroid activity measurements of 56 employees of the Department of Nuclear Medicine and Endocrine Oncology, Centre for Oncology in Gliwice. The research instrument was a whole-body spectrometer. In 44 out of 56 examined staff members, the determined 131I activity was found to be above the detection limit. The measured activities ranged from 6 ± 2 to 457 ± 118 Bq. The maximum estimated committed effective dose reached was 1.5 mSv/y. The results were compared with previous measurements conducted in another Polish nuclear medical unit...
December 11, 2017: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222711/%C3%A3-gro-survey-on-radiotherapy-capacity-in-austria-status-quo-and-estimation-of-future-demands
#8
Brigitte Zurl, Anja Bayerl, Alexander De Vries, Hans Geinitz, Robert Hawliczek, Tomas-Henrik Knocke-Abulesz, Peter Lukas, Richard Pötter, Wolfgang Raunik, Brigitte Scholz, Annemarie Schratter-Sehn, Felix Sedlmayer, Dietmar Seewald, Edgar Selzer, Karin S Kapp
BACKGROUND: A comprehensive evaluation of the current national and regional radiotherapy capacity in Austria with an estimation of demands for 2020 and 2030 was performed by the Austrian Society for Radiation Oncology, Radiobiology and Medical Radiophysics (ÖGRO). MATERIALS AND METHODS: All Austrian centers provided data on the number of megavoltage (MV) units, treatment series, fractions, percentage of retreatments and complex treatment techniques as well as the daily operating hours for the year 2014...
December 8, 2017: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie: Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et Al]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208398/future-cancer-research-priorities-in-the-usa-a-lancet-oncology-commission
#9
REVIEW
Elizabeth M Jaffee, Chi Van Dang, David B Agus, Brian M Alexander, Kenneth C Anderson, Alan Ashworth, Anna D Barker, Roshan Bastani, Sangeeta Bhatia, Jeffrey A Bluestone, Otis Brawley, Atul J Butte, Daniel G Coit, Nancy E Davidson, Mark Davis, Ronald A DePinho, Robert B Diasio, Giulio Draetta, A Lindsay Frazier, Andrew Futreal, Sam S Gambhir, Patricia A Ganz, Levi Garraway, Stanton Gerson, Sumit Gupta, James Heath, Ruth I Hoffman, Cliff Hudis, Chanita Hughes-Halbert, Ramy Ibrahim, Hossein Jadvar, Brian Kavanagh, Rick Kittles, Quynh-Thu Le, Scott M Lippman, David Mankoff, Elaine R Mardis, Deborah K Mayer, Kelly McMasters, Neal J Meropol, Beverly Mitchell, Peter Naredi, Dean Ornish, Timothy M Pawlik, Jeffrey Peppercorn, Martin G Pomper, Derek Raghavan, Christine Ritchie, Sally W Schwarz, Richard Sullivan, Richard Wahl, Jedd D Wolchok, Sandra L Wong, Alfred Yung
We are in the midst of a technological revolution that is providing new insights into human biology and cancer. In this era of big data, we are amassing large amounts of information that is transforming how we approach cancer treatment and prevention. Enactment of the Cancer Moonshot within the 21st Century Cures Act in the USA arrived at a propitious moment in the advancement of knowledge, providing nearly US$2 billion of funding for cancer research and precision medicine. In 2016, the Blue Ribbon Panel (BRP) set out a roadmap of recommendations designed to exploit new advances in cancer diagnosis, prevention, and treatment...
November 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198390/comparison-between-dvh-based-doses-and-icru-point-based-doses-to-the-rectum-and-the-bladder-using-ct-based-high-dose-rate-brachytherapy-to-the-cervix
#10
Ramya Rangarajan, Saravanan Subramanian, Kalyani Gopalakrishnan
Traditionally, doses to the bladder and the rectum were quantified using the bladder and rectal reference points defined by the International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements (ICRU) in Report No. 38. In this study, we compared the 0.1-, 1.0-, 2.0-cc doses to the bladder and the rectum with the corresponding ICRU point doses using computed tomography (CT)-based planning in the intracavitary brachytherapy of carcinoma of the cervix. CT datasets of 136 consecutive intracavitary brachytherapy insertions between January and May 2015 were analyzed...
November 29, 2017: Medical Dosimetry: Official Journal of the American Association of Medical Dosimetrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173257/training-canadian-surgeons-in-oncoplastic-breast-surgery-where-do-we-stand
#11
Eman Khayat, Muriel Brackstone, Jessica Maxwell, Renee Hanrahan, Jeannie Richardson, Marianna Kappala, Angel Arnaout
Breast-conserving surgery with adjuvant radiation therapy is widely accepted as a universal standard of care for women with early-stage breast cancer. Oncoplastic breast-conserving surgery (OPS) techniques have emerged in recent years, facilitating the achievement of better cosmetic results while adhering to good oncological principles. Compared with the rest of the international community, Canada has been fairly slow in its clinical uptake of OPS. This commentary discusses how Canada can increase its capacity for OPS...
December 2017: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172293/oncologists%C3%A2-perspectives-on-consolidation-radiation-treatment-after-chemotherapy-for-lymphomas-a-survey-study-by-the-lymphoma-working-committee-of-the-turkish-oncology-group-tog
#12
Ozgur Tanriverdi, Ibrahim Barista, Semra Paydas, Erdinc Nayir, Yusuf Karakas
In this study, we aimed to determine the perspectives of medical and radiation oncologists regarding consolidation radiotherapy in patients with a complete response after chemotherapy for Hodgkin’s and non-Hodgkin’s lymphomas. The survey was designed to identify demographic and occupational features of medical and radiation oncologists and their views on application of consolidation radiotherapy in their clinical practices, as based on a five-point Likert scale (never, rarely, sometimes, often, and always)...
November 26, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126815/analysis-of-suicide-risk-in-patients-with-penile-cancer-and-review-of-the-literature
#13
REVIEW
William G Simpson, Zachary Klaassen, Rita P Jen, William M Hughes, Durwood E Neal, Martha K Terris
The treatment for penile cancer has been shown to cause harmful psychiatric symptoms as well as have detrimental effects on well-being. In the past several years, alternatives to total or partial penectomy have emerged, such as chemotherapy, radiation, penile sparing, and laser ablation therapies. A more specific breakdown for penile cancer is in order as the therapy has the potential for life changing surgery. We examined the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database (1973-2013), comprising 28% of the United States population...
October 3, 2017: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105051/tumour-bed-boost-radiotherapy-for-women-after-breast-conserving-surgery
#14
REVIEW
Isabelle Kindts, Annouschka Laenen, Tom Depuydt, Caroline Weltens
BACKGROUND: Breast-conserving therapy, involving breast-conserving surgery followed by whole-breast irradiation and optionally a boost to the tumour bed, is a standard therapeutic option for women with early-stage breast cancer. A boost to the tumour bed means that an extra dose of radiation is applied that covers the initial tumour site. The rationale for a boost of radiotherapy to the tumour bed is that (i) local recurrence occurs mostly at the site of the primary tumour because remaining microscopic tumour cells are most likely situated there; and (ii) radiation can eliminate these causative microscopic tumour cells...
November 6, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069831/stereotactic-ablative-body-radiotherapy-for-spinal-metastasis-from-hepatocellular-carcinoma-its-oncologic-outcomes-and-risk-of-vertebral-compression-fracture
#15
Gyu Sang Yoo, Hee Chul Park, Jeong Il Yu, Do Hoon Lim, Won Kyung Cho, Eonju Lee, Sang Hoon Jung, Youngyih Han, Eun-Sang Kim, Sun-Ho Lee, Whan Eoh, Se-Jun Park, Sung-Soo Chung, Chong-Suh Lee, Joon Hyuk Lee
Spinal metastases from hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) require high-dose irradiation for durable pain and tumor control. Stereotactic ablative body radiotherapy (SABR) enables the delivery of high-dose radiation. However, but vertebral compression fracture (VCF) can be problematic. The aim of his study is to evaluate the outcome and risk of VCF after SABR for spinal metastasis from HCC. We retrospectively reviewed 33 lesions in 42 spinal segments from 29 patients who received SABR with 1 fraction (16-20 Gy), or 3 fractions (18-45 Gy) from September 2009 to January 2015...
September 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045519/reply-to-the-st-gallen-international-expert-consensus-on-the-primary-therapy-of-early-breast-cancer-2017-the-point-of-view-of-an-international-panel-of-experts-in-radiation-oncology-by-kirova-et-al
#16
G Curigliano, H J Burstein, E P Winer, M Gnant, P Dubsky, S Loibl, M Colleoni, M M Regan, M Piccart-Gebhart, H-J Senn, B Thürlimann, F André, J Baselga, J Bergh, H Bonnefoi, S Y Brucker, F Cardoso, L Carey, E Ciruelos, J Cuzick, C Denkert, A Di Leo, B Ejlertsen, P Francis, V Galimberti, J Garber, B Gulluoglu, P Goodwin, N Harbeck, D F Hayes, C-S Huang, J Huober, H Khaled, J Jassem, Z Jiang, Per Karlsson, M Morrow, R Orecchia, K C Osborne, O Pagani, A H Partridge, K Pritchard, J Ro, E J T Rutgers, F Sedlmayer, V Semiglazov, Z Shao, I Smith, M Toi, A Tutt, G Viale, T Watanabe, T J Whelan, B Xu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 25, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045510/the-st-gallen-international-expert-consensus-on-the-primary-therapy-of-early-breast-cancer-2017-the-point-of-view-of-an-international-panel-of-experts-in-radiation-oncology
#17
Y M Kirova, S Carroll, A Fourquet, B Offersen, C Aristei, J-Y Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 22, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974597/selective-internal-radiation-therapy-for-liver-tumours
#18
Francis X Sundram, John R Buscombe
Primary and secondary liver malignancies are common and associated with a poor prognosis. Surgical resection is the treatment of choice; however, many patients have unresectable disease. In these cases, several liver directed therapies are available, including selective internal radiation therapy (SIRT). SIRT is a multidisciplinary treatment involving nuclear medicine, interventional radiology and oncology. High doses of localised internal radiation are selectively delivered to liver tumour tissues, with relative sparing of adjacent normal liver parenchyma...
October 2017: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967564/multidisciplinary-international-survey-of-post-operative-radiation-therapy-practices-after-nipple-sparing-or-skin-sparing-mastectomy
#19
Gustavo Nader Marta, Philip Poortmans, Alfredo C de Barros, José Roberto Filassi, Ruffo Freitas Junior, Riccardo A Audisio, Max Senna Mano, Sarkis Meterissian, Sarah M DeSnyder, Thomas A Buchholz, Tarek Hijal
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE(S): Skin sparing mastectomy (SSM) and nipple-sparing mastectomy (NSM) have entered routine surgical practice for breast cancer, though their oncologic safety has not been established in randomized controlled trials. The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare radiation oncologists' and breast surgeons' opinions concerning the indications of post-operative radiation therapy (PORT) after SSM and NSM. MATERIALS/METHODS: Radiation oncologists and breast surgeons from North America, South America and Europe were invited to contribute in this study...
September 19, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959507/a-regional-multicenter-retrospective-analysis-of-patients-with-primary-central-nervous-system-lymphoma-diagnosed-from-2000-2012-treatment-patterns-and-clinical-outcomes
#20
Eric C Burton, Beatrice Ugiliweneza, Murali K Kolikonda, Tanuj Saaraswat, Shiao Woo, Maxwell Boakye, Lennea Coombs, Renato LaRocca, Aaron Spalding
Introduction Primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) is a rare tumor without a well-defined standard of care. For immunocompetent patients, therapeutic regimens have largely evolved from treatment with whole-brain radiation therapy (WBRT) to treating initially with systemic chemotherapy regimens that include high-dose (HD) methotrexate (MTX) with or without WBRT. Looking at population-based treatment trends may help define which therapies are most effective. This study was conducted to determine treatment patterns and outcomes for patients with PCNSL in the Louisville, KY metropolitan area during the period 2000 to 2012...
July 25, 2017: Curēus
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