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Global radiotherapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937877/changes-in-peripapillary-nerve-fiber-layer-thickness-after-adjuvant-stereotactic-radiotherapy-in-patients-with-neovascular-age-related-macular-degeneration
#1
Mahdy Ranjbar, Maximilian Kurz, Annekatrin Holzhey, Dirk Rades, Salvatore Grisanti
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of stereotactic radiotherapy (SRT) in conjunction with intravitreal injections (IVI) of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) drugs on peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (pRNFL) thickness in patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD). METHODS: This was a retrospective, observational case series of patients with nAMD, who underwent SRT and subsequently had at least 12 months of complete follow-up...
September 22, 2017: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935537/affibody-molecules-for-the-molecular-imaging-and-targeted-drug-delivery-in-the-management-of-breast-cancer
#2
REVIEW
Anindita De, Gowthamarajan Kuppusamy, Veera Venkata Satyanarayana Reddy Karri
Breast cancer is one of the leading reasons for the morbidity and mortality of cancer related death globally. The modern therapies are basically the combination of the breast-preserving surgeries or ablation with or without node biopsy or destroying the carcinoma cells adjuvant with chemotherapy, radiotherapy, hormonal or biological therapies depending upon the nature of the receptor of the cancerous cells, nature of the lymph node, as well as the tendency of the recurrence. For decade's carcinoma management suffered by the limitation of imagining, targeting and penetrability problem associated with management and cure of this deadly disease leads to unwanted chemo-toxicity and side effects...
September 18, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918186/health-related-quality-of-life-in-melanoma-patients-impact-of-melanoma-related-limb-lymphoedema
#3
Caroline A Gjorup, Mogens Groenvold, Helle W Hendel, Karin Dahlstroem, Krzysztof T Drzewiecki, Tobias W Klausen, Lisbet R Hölmich
AIM: To explore health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in recurrence-free melanoma patients, with a focus on the association between melanoma-related limb lymphoedema and HRQoL. METHODS: HRQoL was evaluated using the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30), the breast cancer module (EORTC QLQ-BR23) subscales body image and future perspective, the Functional Assessment for Cancer Therapy-General subscale social/family well-being and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale...
September 14, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917029/health-related-quality-of-life-and-its-determinants-in-patients-with-metastatic-renal-cell-carcinoma
#4
S de Groot, W K Redekop, M M Versteegh, S Sleijfer, E Oosterwijk, L A L M Kiemeney, C A Uyl-de Groot
PURPOSE: Based on improvements of progression-free survival (PFS), new agents for metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) have been approved. It is assumed that one of the benefits is a delay in health-related quality of life (HRQoL) deterioration as a result of a delay in progression of disease. However, little data are available supporting this relationship. This study aims to provide insight into the most important determinants of HRQoL (including progression of disease) of patients with mRCC...
September 15, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895191/early-assessment-of-the-left-ventricular-function-by-epirubicin-induced-cardiotoxicity-in-postoperative-breast-cancer-patients
#5
Runlan Luo, Hongyan Cui, Dongmei Huang, Guangsen Li
OBJECTIVE: Epirubicin (Epi) is a potent and effective drug for many malignant cancers with serious cardiotoxicity. Therefore, layer-specific two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (2D-STE) was used to evaluate the longitudinal and circumferential systolic function of the left ventricular for the early detection of cardiotoxicity in this retrospective work. METHODS: Overall, 130 female patients with postoperative breast cancer who did not receive radiotherapy were classified into three groups: Group A (control group, n = 40) without any chemotherapy; Group B (n = 44) administered Epi at 180 ~ 240 mg/m(2) ; and Group C (n = 46) administered Epi at ≥360 mg/m(2) ...
September 12, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884707/review-of-medical-radiography-and-tomography-with-proton-beams
#6
Robert P Johnson
The use of hadron beams, especially proton beams, in cancer radiotherapy has expanded rapidly in the past two decades. To fully realize the advantages of hadron therapy over traditional X-ray and gamma-ray therapy requires accurate positioning of the Bragg peak throughout the tumor being treated. Already a half century ago suggestions were made to use protons themselves to develop images of tumors and surrounding tissue, to be used for treatment planning. The recent global expansion of hadron therapy coupled with modern advances in computation and particle detection has led several collaborations around the world to develop prototype detector systems and associated reconstruction codes for proton computed tomography (pCT) as well as more simple proton radiography, with the ultimate intention to use such systems in clinical treatment planning and verification...
September 8, 2017: Reports on Progress in Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874619/surgical-management-of-primary-and-recurrent-carcinoma-showing-thymous-like-elements-castle
#7
Federico Attene, Ilia Patrizia Pisano, Carlo Pala, Antonio Marrosu, Corrado Bozzo, Fabrizio Scognamillo
INTRODUCTION: Carcinoma showing thymous-like elements (CASTLE) is a rare tumor with only a few cases described in the scientific literature. The aim of the present review is to analyze the data available on the therapeutic options employed in CASTLE tumors and to outline the best surgical management to adopt. MATERIALS AND METHODS: English-language articles published from 1985 through November 2016, and related to CASTLE cases were retrieved using the Pubmed database and specific key-words...
2017: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866907/palliative-radiotherapy-bone-metastases-and-global-assessments-in-palliative-care
#8
Charles B Simone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865969/-role-and-interest-of-induction-chemotherapy-for-head-and-neck-cancers
#9
Y Pointreau, U Schick, F Huguet
Induction chemotherapy must be integrated in a global approach for locally advanced head and neck cancer. Its use has theoretical advantages but should not compromise locoregional radiotherapy. Induction chemotherapy is a standard for organ preservation with the use of the TPF scheme to avoid total laryngectomy without compromising survival data. It is more controversial in other locally advanced head and neck cancer because concurrent chemoradiotherapy is the standard of care. It may be an option for patients with significant lymph node invasion to reduce the occurrence of distant metastasis...
August 30, 2017: Cancer Radiothérapie: Journal de la Société Française de Radiothérapie Oncologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864839/outcomes-of-treatment-in-men-with-prostate-cancer-at-the-cancer-centre-bahamas
#10
Glenn Wayne Jones, Osama Kellini, Robin Roberts, Nevein Girgis, Chelsea Brown, Krista Nottage, Thomas McGowan, Corrine Sin Quee-Brown, Conville Brown
PURPOSE: This is a first report from The Bahamas of management and long-term outcomes in men with non-metastatic prostate cancer treated with radiotherapy, with or without androgen deprivation therapy, from 2004 to 2016. METHODS: Patients were characterized by baseline factors, stratified by risk groups using tumor stage (clinical T-stage), prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test result and Gleason grade, and sorted by treatment combinations (by radiation volume and use of androgen deprivation)...
September 1, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862221/pelvic-radiotherapy-does-not-deteriorate-the-quality-of-life-of-women-with-gynecologic-cancers-in-long-term-follow-up-a-2-years-prospective-single-center-study
#11
Guler Yavas, Cagdas Yavas, Nasuh Utku Dogan, Tolgay Tuyan Ilhan, Selen Dogan, Pinar Karabagli, Ozlem Ata, Ebru Yuce, Cetin Celik
PURPOSE: To evaluate the emotional, sexual and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) concerns of the women with gynecologic malignancy treated with curative radiotherapy (RT). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A 100 women with diagnosis of gynecologic malignancy were prospectively enrolled. HRQoL at baseline, at the end of RT and during follow-up was assessed using European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer QoL Questionnaire-C30 (EORTC QLQ-C30), EORTC QLQ-cervical cancer module 24, and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale...
July 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854562/methylation-of-subtelomeric-repeat-d4z4-in-peripheral-blood-leukocytes-is-associated-with-biochemical-recurrence-in-localized-prostate-cancer-patients
#12
Yuyan Han, Junfeng Xu, Jeri Kim, Xifeng Wu, Jian Gu
Global DNA methylation may affect chromosome structure and genomic stability and is involved in carcinogenesis. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether methylation of pericentromeric repeat NBL2 and subtelomeric repeat D4Z4 in peripheral blood was associated with the aggressiveness of prostate cancer (PCa). We measured the methylation status of different CpG sites of NBL2 and D4Z4 in 795 PCa patients and compared their methylation levels among patients with different Gleason Score at diagnosis. We then analyzed the association of the NBL2 and D4Z4 methylation with the risk of biochemical recurrence (BCR) in patients receiving radical prostatectomy or radiotherapy using a multivariate Cox proportional hazards model...
August 1, 2017: Carcinogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854199/ultrasound-2d-strain-measurement-for-arm-lymphedema-using-deformable-registration-a-feasibility-study
#13
Xiaofeng Yang, Mylin Torres, Stephanie Kirkpatrick, Walter J Curran, Tian Liu
PURPOSE: Lymphedema, a swelling of the extremity, is a debilitating morbidity of cancer treatment. Current clinical evaluation of lymphedema is often based on medical history and physical examinations, which is subjective. In this paper, the authors report an objective, quantitative 2D strain imaging approach using a hybrid deformable registration to measure soft-tissue stiffness and assess the severity of lymphedema. METHODS: The authors have developed a new 2D strain imaging method using registration of pre- and post-compression ultrasound B-mode images, which combines the statistical intensity- and structure-based similarity measures using normalized mutual information (NMI) metric and normalized sum-of-squared-differences (NSSD), with an affine-based global and B-spline-based local transformation model...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833787/efficacy-of-a-global-supportive-skin-care-programme-with-hydrotherapy-after-non-metastatic-breast-cancer-treatment-a%C3%A2-randomised-controlled-study
#14
F Dalenc, V Ribet, A B Rossi, J Guyonnaud, C Bernard-Marty, B de Lafontan, S Salas, A-L Ranc Royo, C Sarda, N Levasseur, C Massabeau, J-M Levecq, P Dulguerova, D Guerrero, V Sibaud
This study investigated the efficacy of post-treatment hydrotherapy as supportive care for management of persistent/long-lasting dermatologic adverse events (dAEs) induced in breast cancer survivors by adjuvant therapy, and its impact on quality of life (QoL). Patients in complete remission after standardised (neo)adjuvant chemotherapy, surgery and radiotherapy combination treatment for infiltrating HR+/HER2-breast carcinoma were enrolled in this randomised, multicentre controlled study 1-5 weeks after completing radiotherapy...
August 22, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830646/dynamics-of-patient-reported-quality-of-life-and-symptoms-in-the-acute-phase-of-online-adaptive-external-beam-radiation-therapy-for-locally-advanced-cervical-cancer
#15
S T Heijkoop, R A Nout, S Quint, J W M Mens, B J M Heijmen, M S Hoogeman
OBJECTIVE: For locally advanced cervical cancer patients, treated with External Beam Radiotherapy (EBRT), Quality of Life (QoL) questionnaires arefrequently used to evaluate treatment-related symptoms and functioning scales. Currently, it is unknown how those evolve during the radiation treatment course. In this prospective study we report on weekly-captured patient-reported QoL and symptoms during image-guided adaptive radiotherapy (IGART) of cervical cancer patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between January 2012 and September 2016, all locally advanced cervical cancer patients treated with IGART and brachytherapy with or without chemotherapy or hyperthermia, were eligible...
August 19, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829992/health-related-quality-of-life-results-from-the-prodige-5-accord-17-randomised-trial-of-folfox-versus-fluorouracil-cisplatin-regimen-in-oesophageal-cancer
#16
C Bascoul-Mollevi, S Gourgou, M-P Galais, J-L Raoul, O Bouché, J-Y Douillard, A Adenis, P-L Etienne, B Juzyna, L Bedenne, T Conroy
BACKGROUND: A recent prospective randomised trial did not reveal significant differences in median progression-free survival between two chemoradiotherapy (CRT) regimens for inoperable non-metastatic oesophageal cancer patients. This secondary analysis aimed to describe the impact of CRT on health-related quality of life (HRQOL), physical functioning, dysphagia, fatigue and pain and to evaluate whether baseline HRQOL domains can predict overall survival. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 267 patients were randomly assigned to receive with 50 Gy of radiotherapy in 25 fractions six cycles of FOLFOX or four cycles of fluorouracil and cisplatin on day 1...
August 19, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781171/first-line-selective-internal-radiotherapy-plus-chemotherapy-versus-chemotherapy-alone-in-patients-with-liver-metastases-from-colorectal-cancer-foxfire-sirflox-and-foxfire-global-a-combined-analysis-of-three-multicentre-randomised-phase-3-trials
#17
Harpreet S Wasan, Peter Gibbs, Navesh K Sharma, Julien Taieb, Volker Heinemann, Jens Ricke, Marc Peeters, Michael Findlay, Andrew Weaver, Jamie Mills, Charles Wilson, Richard Adams, Anne Francis, Joanna Moschandreas, Pradeep S Virdee, Peter Dutton, Sharon Love, Val Gebski, Alastair Gray, Guy van Hazel, Ricky A Sharma
BACKGROUND: Data suggest selective internal radiotherapy (SIRT) in third-line or subsequent therapy for metastatic colorectal cancer has clinical benefit in patients with colorectal liver metastases with liver-dominant disease after chemotherapy. The FOXFIRE, SIRFLOX, and FOXFIRE-Global randomised studies evaluated the efficacy of combining first-line chemotherapy with SIRT using yttrium-90 resin microspheres in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer with liver metastases. The studies were designed for combined analysis of overall survival...
September 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763916/-the-coping-styles-and-its-relationship-with-quality-of-life-among-1-968-female-breast-cancer-patients-in-shanghai-in-2014
#18
Q L Deng, C C Zhao, R Y Hu, J W Wang, J M Yu
Objective: To study the coping styles and its relationship with quality of life among part of the female breast cancer patients in Shanghai in 2014. Methods: In August of 2014, 1-3 block groups affiliated to Shanghai Cancer Rehabilitation Club were selected from each of the 17 districts of Shanghai by convenient sampling method. Respondents were recruited from these block groups via putting up posters in the community or top three hospitals nearby. The inclusion criteria were as follows: female, aged from 18 to 80 years old; the initial diagnosis or primary tumor was breast cancer, and active treatments including surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy were finished; capable of basic reading and comprehension, and there was no communication disorder; daily activities were not limited, and with no mental disorder or dysgnosia...
August 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742955/bayesian-one-step-ipd-network-meta-analysis-of-time-to-event-data-using-royston-parmar-models
#19
Suzanne C Freeman, James R Carpenter
Network meta-analysis (NMA) combines direct and indirect evidence from trials to calculate and rank treatment estimates. While modelling approaches for continuous and binary outcomes are relatively well developed, less work has been done with time-to-event outcomes. Such outcomes are usually analysed using Cox proportional hazard (PH) models. However, in oncology with longer follow-up time, and time-dependent effects of targeted treatments, this may no longer be appropriate. Network meta-analysis conducted in the Bayesian setting has been increasing in popularity...
July 25, 2017: Research Synthesis Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722180/a-generic-tg-186-shielded-applicator-for-commissioning-model-based-dose-calculation-algorithms-for-high-dose-rate-192-ir-brachytherapy
#20
Yunzhi Ma, Javier Vijande, Facundo Ballester, Åsa Carlsson Tedgren, Domingo Granero, Annette Haworth, Firas Mourtada, Gabriel Paiva Fonseca, Kyveli Zourari, Panagiotis Papagiannis, Mark J Rivard, Frank André Siebert, Ron S Sloboda, Ryan Smith, Marc J P Chamberland, Rowan M Thomson, Frank Verhaegen, Luc Beaulieu
PURPOSE: A joint working group was created by the American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM), the European Society for Radiotherapy and Oncology (ESTRO), and the Australasian Brachytherapy Group (ABG) with the charge, among others, to develop a set of well-defined test case plans and perform model-based dose calculation algorithms (MBDCA) dose calculations and comparisons. Its main goal is to facilitate a smooth transition from the AAPM Task Group No. 43 (TG-43) dose calculation formalism, widely being used in clinical practice for brachytherapy, to the one proposed by Task Group No...
July 19, 2017: Medical Physics
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