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Concussion and Nutrition

Jonathan M Oliver, Anthony J Anzalone, Margaret T Jones, K Michele Kirk, David A Gable, Yanqin Gao, William S Harris, Henrik Zetterberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Current Sports Medicine Reports
Jonathan M Oliver, Anthony J Anzalone, Stephanie M Turner
Even in the presence of underreporting, sports-related concussions/mild traumatic brain injuries (mTBI) are on the rise. In the absence of proper diagnosis, an athlete may return to play prior to full recovery, increasing the risk of second-impact syndrome or protracted symptoms. Recent evidence has demonstrated that sub-concussive impacts, those sustained routinely in practice and competition, result in a quantifiable pathophysiological response and the accumulation of both concussive and sub-concussive impacts sustained over a lifetime of sports participation may lead to long-term neurological impairments and an increased risk of developing neurodegenerative diseases...
March 2018: Sports Medicine
Thomas H Trojian, David H Wang, John J Leddy
Concussions are common neurologic events that affect many athletes. Very little has been studied on the treatment of concussions with supplements and medications. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) reminds us that no supplement has been proven to treat concussions. Many animal studies show that supplements have potential for improving the effects of a brain injury but none have been shown to be of consistent benefit in human studies. Animal studies on severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) may not therefore be applicable transfer to sports-related concussions (SRC)...
July 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
Richard B Kreider, Douglas S Kalman, Jose Antonio, Tim N Ziegenfuss, Robert Wildman, Rick Collins, Darren G Candow, Susan M Kleiner, Anthony L Almada, Hector L Lopez
Creatine is one of the most popular nutritional ergogenic aids for athletes. Studies have consistently shown that creatine supplementation increases intramuscular creatine concentrations which may help explain the observed improvements in high intensity exercise performance leading to greater training adaptations. In addition to athletic and exercise improvement, research has shown that creatine supplementation may enhance post-exercise recovery, injury prevention, thermoregulation, rehabilitation, and concussion and/or spinal cord neuroprotection...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
Anne W Hunt, Luciano De Feo, Jennifer Macintyre, Dayna Greenspoon, Talia Dick, Katherine Mah, Melissa Paniccia, Christine Provvidenza, Nick Reed
BACKGROUND: Concussion is a considerable public health problem in youth. However, identifying, understanding and implementing best evidence informed recovery guidelines may be challenging for families given the vast amount of information available in the public domains (e.g. Internet). The objective of this study was to develop, implement and evaluate the feasibility of an evidence-informed self-management education program for concussion recovery in youth. METHODS: Synthesis of best evidence, principles of knowledge translation and exchange, and expert opinion were integrated within a self-management program framework to develop a comprehensive curriculum...
August 17, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
Michael D Lewis
Traumatic brain injury (TBI), with its diverse heterogeneity and prolonged secondary pathogenesis, remains a clinical challenge. Clinical studies thus far have failed to identify an effective treatment strategy when a combination of targets controlling aspects of neuroprotection, neuroinflammation, and neuroregeneration is needed. Omega-3 fatty acids (n-3FA) offer the advantage of this approach. Although further clinical trial research is needed, there is a growing body of strong preclinical evidence and clinical experience that suggests that benefits may be possible from aggressively adding substantial amounts of n-3FA to optimize the nutritional foundation of TBI, concussion, and postconcussion syndrome patients...
July 2016: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
David W Lawrence, Bhanu Sharma
BACKGROUND: Nutritional interventions are promising treatment adjuncts in the management of concussion. Vitamin D (VDH) supplementation has demonstrated neuroprotective properties in multiple models of acquired brain injury. OBJECTIVE: Review the neuroprotective role of VDH supplementation following traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: A Medline search was conducted to review manuscripts investigating the influence of VDH status or supplementation on TBI outcomes...
2016: Brain Injury: [BI]
Erin Cernkovich Barrett, Michael I McBurney, Eric D Ciappio
Sports-related concussions or mild traumatic brain injuries (mTBIs) are becoming increasingly recognized as a major public health concern; however, no effective therapy for these injuries is currently available. ω-3 (n-3) fatty acids, such as docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), have important structural and functional roles in the brain, with established clinical benefits for supporting brain development and cognitive function throughout life. Consistent with these critical roles of DHA in the brain, accumulating evidence suggests that DHA may act as a promising recovery aid, or possibly as a prophylactic nutritional measure, for mTBI...
May 2014: Advances in Nutrition
Nicole Waters
PURPOSE: This article provides information regarding the most common nonlife-threatening and catastrophic injuries that occur during cheerleading, and describes the role of the nurse practitioner (NP) in managing patients who participate in cheerleading. DATA SOURCES: Literature review of evidence-based research articles, epidemiological reports, and current guidelines. CONCLUSIONS: Cheerleading is one of the most popular sports among adolescent females, and participation has increased rapidly in recent years...
February 2013: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
Nick Barringer, William Conkright
Given the hazardous nature of combat operations and training exercises (e.g. airborne operations) conducted by the United States military, servicemembers are at high risk for sustaining a traumatic brain injury (TBI). Since the beginning of the Iraq and Afghanistan wars, almost a quarter of a million servicemembers have sustained a TBI.1 A large number of TBIs are a result of the concussive forces generated by improvised explosive devices (IED). A smaller number are a result of penetrating head wounds. Others may be caused by activities resulting in powerful acceleration, deceleration, or rotational forces...
2012: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
Michael C Meyers, C Matthew Laurent
A previous instalment to this review focused on the sport science for rodeo, the history behind the sport and what is currently known about the physical and physiological status, coronary risk profile, strength and power levels, event-specific kinesiological and biomechanical aspects, nutritional habits and psychological indices associated with the rodeo athlete. In regards to injury, rodeo is well known for its high-velocity, high-impact atmosphere where athletes compete against the clock and uncooperative livestock...
October 1, 2010: Sports Medicine
(no author information available yet)
This document provides an overview of selected medical issues that are important to team physicians who are responsible for the care and treatment of athletes. It is not intended as a standard of care and should not be interpreted as such. This document is only a guide and, as such, is of a general nature, consistent with the reasonable, objective practice of the healthcare profession. Adequate insurance should be in place to help protect the physician, the athlete, and the sponsoring organization. This statement was developed by a collaboration of six major professional associations concerned about clinical sports medicine issues; they have committed to forming an ongoing project-based alliance to bring together sports medicine organizations to best serve active people and athletes...
November 2008: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Utpal Kant Singh, Rajniti Prasad, Ranjeet Kumar, Bir Prakash Jaiswal
Diarrhoea, a major cause of morbidity and mortality can be produced by a variety of etiological factors. Management protocol includes assessment of the child, physical examination, lab-evaluation, assessment of severity of dehydration and rehydration therapy using either of the following - WHO - ORS, Home available fluids (HAF), sugar salt solution (SSS), improve WHO-ORS, Amino acid fortified ORS, rice based ORS, low osmolarity ORS. Intravenous fluids are required if patients can't accept orally. Commonly observed electrolyte disturbances are hypernatremia, hyponatremia and hypokalemia...
August 2002: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
H Seitz, D Telfeyan, V Vécsei
Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) has become an accepted technique for providing longterm enteral nutrition. So far the PEG tubes have been removed by a second gastroscopy procedure. Extrusion of the PEG tube and fistula formation have been described as unusual complications. We report about 26 patients with severe brain injuries whose PEG tubes were removed percutaneously by applying constant traction force to the tubes. The soft internal bolsters collapsed and the PEG tubes could be pulled out through the gastrostomy site within 5-7 days...
May 1996: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
D A Baron, S Shea, K White
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1984: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
D Alexianu, D Baca, A Constantinovici, A Marinescu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1981: Revista de Chirurgie, Oncologie, Radiologie, O.r.l., Oftalmologie, Stomatologie. Chirurgie
G Tarnow, W Rabe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1969: Der Nervenarzt
J P Gigon, G Hartmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 31, 1965: Zeitschrift Für Klinische Medizin
R J Shephard
Canoeing and kayaking are upper-body sports that make varying demands on the body, depending on the type of contest and the distance covered. The shorter events (500 m) are primarily anaerobic (2 minutes of exercise), calling for powerful shoulder muscles with a high proportion of fast-twitch fibres. In contrast, 10,000 m events call for aerobic work to be performed by the arms. Such contestants need a high proportion of slow-twitch fibres, and an ability to develop close to 100% of their leg maximum oxygen intake when paddling...
January 1987: Sports Medicine
L Levine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1986: Advances in Prostaglandin, Thromboxane, and Leukotriene Research
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