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Cervical sympathetic ganglia and neostigmine

The effects of block of autonomic ganglia by chlorisondamine and by hexamethonium, the administration of neostigmine and of atropine upon blood pressure, nervous transmission through the superior cervical ganglion, stimulation of autonomic ganglia by dimethylphenylpiperazinium, and the carotid occlusion reflex, have been studied in the dog anaesthetized with sodium pentobarbitone. The results of these studies have shown: (1) A ganglion blocking agent blocks synaptic transmission in the superior cervical ganglion at the same time as it lowers blood pressure...
October 1963: British Journal of Pharmacology and Chemotherapy
Neostigmine injected intra-arterially to the superior cervical ganglion of the cat evoked an asynchronous postganglionic nervous discharge in both normal and denervated superior cervical ganglia. This asynchronous firing was enhanced by tubocurarine but blocked by small doses of atropine. In addition, the responses evoked by acetylcholine in ganglia treated with neostigmine were characterized by two components. The first was blocked by tubocurarine and the second by atropine. Asynchronous firing evoked by repetitive preganglionic nerve stimulation of ganglia treated with neostigmine was blocked by atropine but not tubocurarine...
February 1963: British Journal of Pharmacology and Chemotherapy
J Q Zheng, X P He, A Z Yang, C G Liu
The present experiment investigates the effect of neostigmine on nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) in the cultured neurons from neonatal rat superior cervical ganglia (SCG). Using whole-cell patch clamp techniques, we found that the amplitudes of the currents induced by 50 microM dimethylphenylpiperazinium (DMPP) were 21.5+/-10.7%, 52.9+/-9.2% and 86.9+/-4.9% depressed at the increased concentrations of neostigmine 100, 200 and 400 microM, respectively. The inhibition of neostigmine decreased gradually with the increased concentration of nicotine from 10 to 160 microM...
1998: Life Sciences
Y N Kwok, B Collier
The present experiments tested whether acetate plays a role in the provision of acetyl-CoA for acetylcholine synthesis in the cat's superior cervical ganglion. Labeled acetylcholine was identified in extracts of ganglia that had been perfused for 20 min with Krebs solution containing choline (10(-5) M) and [3H], [1-14C], or [2-14C]acetate (10(-3) M); perfusion for 60 min or with [3H]acetate (10(-2) M) increased the labeling. The acetylcholine synthesized from acetate was available for release by a Ca2+-dependent mechanism during subsequent periods of preganglionic nerve stimulation...
July 1982: Journal of Neurochemistry
A Y Ivanov, V I Skok
Slow IPSPs evoked in the neurones of rabbit isolated superior cervical ganglion by repetitive orthodromic stimulation, and a response evoked in the neurones of this ganglion by perfusion of noradrenaline, were studied using intracellular microelectrodes. Slow IPSPs were observed in 36% of neurones studied, and when investigated after treatment with D-tubocurarine and neostigmine, had a mean amplitude of 4.4 +/- 0.2 mV (mean +/- S.E.) and duration of 5 sec to 1.5 min. Two types of slow IPSPs occurring in different neurones were found...
March 1980: Journal of the Autonomic Nervous System
N J Dun, A G Karczmar
Sucrose gap recording technique was employed to record surface potentials from superior cervical ganglia (SCGs) of several species. Repetitive preganglionic stimulation (30 Hz, 1-2 sec) elicited in curarized rabbit, rat and cat SCGs, a biphasic response as the initial slow positive (P) potential, was followed by a late negative (LN) potential. In curarized guinea-pig SCG, a LN response with no detectable P potential was observed. Neostigmine (0.5-1 microM) increased the amplitude and duration of the P and LN responses in the majority of the rabbit, rat and cat SCGs...
November 1980: Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
W Kostowski, W Gumutka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1966: International Journal of Neuropharmacology
B Collier, H S Katz
1. The recapture and re-use of choline formed by the hydrolysis of released acetylcholine (ACh) was studied in the superior cervical ganglion of the cat using radioactive tracer techniques. The ganglion's ACh store was labelled by perfusion, during preganglionic nerve stimulation, with Krebs solution containing [(3)H]choline.2. Preganglionic stimulation (5 Hz for 20 min) of ganglia containing [(3)H]ACh released similar amounts of radioactivity when perfusion was with neostigmine-choline-Krebs or with hemicholinium-Krebs...
May 1974: Journal of Physiology
B Collier, H S Katz
1. Surplus acetylcholine (ACh) is the extra ACh that accumulates in cholinergic nerve endings when they are exposed to an anticholinesterase agent. The synthesis and turnover of this ACh was examined in the cat's superior cervical ganglion.2. Surplus ACh did not accumulate in chronically decentralized ganglia perfused with eserine-choline-Locke solution, and this shows that it is stored in presynaptic nerve terminals.3. Surplus ACh accumulated more rapidly in ganglia perfused with eserine than in ganglia perfused with neostigmine or with ambenonium; accumulation was delayed by 45-60 min when a quaternary anticholinesterase was used...
May 1971: Journal of Physiology
J G Galan Cortes, A Perez Casas, C Suarez Nieto
The classical concept of the autonomic innervation of the nasal mucosa states that the postganglionic sympathetic neurones lie in the superior cervical ganglion and those of the postganglionic parasympathetic neurones are in the pterygopalatine ganglion. We have carried out a study of the fine structure of the respiratory nasal mucosa in man and in the cat using the techniques described by Jabonero, Champy Maillet and Koelle-Friedenwald. The most striking finding was the presence of microganglia deep within the mucosa of the inferior turbinate close to the glands...
October 1986: Clinical Otolaryngology and Allied Sciences
Y X Cao, X P Che, B X Yuan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1987: Zhongguo Yao Li Xue Bao, Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
N R Newberry, G P Connolly
Selective antagonists have been used to classify the muscarinic receptors involved in the slow excitatory postsynaptic potential and slow inhibitory postsynaptic potential of the superior cervical ganglia of the rat, as recorded in 1 microM neostigmine, using a grease-gap method. Cardioselective M2 antagonists, e.g. AF-DX 116, depressed the slow inhibitory postsynaptic potential and enhanced the slow excitatory postsynaptic potential. The M1 selective antagonist pirenzepine depressed both potentials equally...
May 1989: Neuropharmacology
D A Brown, A A Selyanko
Non-nicotinic slow synaptic currents were recorded from voltage-clamped neurones in isolated rat superior cervical ganglia bathed in a solution containing d-tubocurarine and (usually) 1 microM-neostigmine. Three components of slow synaptic current could be detected following repetitive preganglionic stimulation: a net inward current resulting from inhibition of the voltage-dependent outward K+ current IM; a net outward current associated with a fall in membrane conductance when IM was deactivated by membrane hyperpolarization or inhibited with external Ba2+ or internal Cs+; and an occasional late inward current associated with an increased membrane conductance...
August 1985: Journal of Physiology
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