keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Paediatric pain managent

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209175/effectiveness-of-topical-silicone-gel-and-pressure-garment-therapy-for-burn-scar-prevention-and-management-in-children-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#1
Jodie Wiseman, Megan Simons, Roy Kimble, Robert Ware, Steven McPhail, Zephanie Tyack
BACKGROUND: Abnormal scar development following burn injury can cause substantial physical and psychological distress to children and their families. Common burn scar prevention and management techniques include silicone therapy, pressure garment therapy, or a combination of both. Currently, no definitive, high-quality evidence is available for the effectiveness of topical silicone gel or pressure garment therapy for the prevention and management of burn scars in the paediatric population...
February 16, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152641/a-review-of-paediatric-and-adolescent-gynaecology-services-in-a-tertiary-outpatient-clinic
#2
Mugdha Kulkarni, Julie Glanville, Sally Phillot, Adam Balen
Adolescence is a distinctive stage in human development during which many simple and complex medical conditions can present for the first time. Paediatric and adolescent gynaecological conditions need careful multidisciplinary clinical management with a sensitive approach understanding the patients' psychological and physiological circumstances. The objective of this study is to review the tertiary paediatric and adolescent gynaecology service in Leeds, United Kingdom and to present an overview of the various conditions that present to such a clinic...
February 2, 2017: Human Fertility: Journal of the British Fertility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045322/orofacial-granulomatosis-as-early-manifestation-of-crohn-s-disease-report-of-a-case-in-a-paediatric-patient
#3
A Sarra, N G Nikitakis, A Daskalopoulos, G Chouliaras, A Sklavounou-Andrikopoulou, K Athanasaki
BACKGROUND: Orofacial granulomatosis (OFG) is a controversial entity mainly characterised by recurrent or permanent soft tissue swelling of sudden onset in the orofacial area with a histologic appearance of granulomatous inflammation. Differential diagnosis includes local diseases and systemic conditions, such as Crohn's disease (CD). A case of OFG in a paediatric patient is reported here, focusing on the clinical features, diagnostic procedures, treatment and long-term outcome. CASE REPORT: A 7 year-old boy presented with persistent and prominent lip swelling and painful oral mucosa lesions of six months duration...
December 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032947/controversies-in-the-management-of-caustic-ingestion-injury-an-evidence-based-review
#4
J H Bird, S Kumar, C Paul, J D Ramsden
BACKGROUND: Caustic ingestion of acid or alkaline substances can cause damage to the upper respiratory and upper digestive tract. Initial presentation following caustic ingestion can include oropharyngeal pain, dysphagia and stridor. It is due to this clinical presentation that the resident otolaryngologist is consulted to review and examine these patients to assess for airway compromise and commence initial management and care until airway concern has passed. OBJECTIVE OF REVIEW: This review aims to provide evidence-based guidance in the management of those presenting with acute ingestion injury so that informed initial medical therapy can be commenced and appropriate investigations are arranged to optimize patient outcome...
December 29, 2016: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878604/-paediatric-palliative-care-ppc-a-particular-challenge-tasks-aims-and-specifics
#5
Boris Zernikow, Barbara Gertz, Carola Hasan
In Germany, there are about 50,000 children, adolescents and young adults with life threatening or life limiting conditions, who will likely die due to their illness before reaching the age of 40. In recent years prevalence has increased significantly.The aim of paediatric palliative care (PPC) is to optimize quality of life for the child, adolescent or young adult and its whole family. Whenever possible the patient should be treated at home.The very complex and rare diseases as well as the patients' wide range of age and developmental stage are particularly challenging within PPC...
January 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862499/pain-assessment-and-management-in-paediatric-oncology-a-cross-sectional-audit
#6
Karin Plummer, Maria McCarthy, Ian McKenzie, Fiona Newall, Elizabeth Manias
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To describe the pain assessment and management practices documented by health professionals within a tertiary-level Children's Cancer Centre and to evaluate how these practices were compared with international recommendations. BACKGROUND: Children with cancer are vulnerable to pain due to the intensity of antineoplastic therapy. Therefore, it is imperative to ensure that current pain management practices provided to paediatric oncology inpatients are of a high quality...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845483/prevalence-of-pain-in-the-departments-of-surgery-and-oncohematology-of-a-paediatric-hospital-that-has-joined-the-project-towards-pain-free-hospital
#7
G Marchetti, A Vittori, V Tortora, M Bishop, G Lofino, V Pardi, E A De Marco, G Manca, A Inserra, R Caruso, I Ciaralli, F Locatelli, S Bella, A E Tozzi, S Picardo
BACKGROUND: Among hospitalized adults and children pain is undertreated. This study wants to assess the effectiveness of pain therapy in two departments of a large children's hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: During a single day work three committees, administering a questionnaire to patients or parents, have evaluated the adherence to international recommendations (JCI and WHO) in the management of analgesic therapy. Patient demographics, prevalence and intensity (moderate and/or severe) of pain (during hospitalization, 24 hours before and at the time of the interview), analgesia (type, route, duration and frequency of administration) and Pain Management Index (=analgesic score-pain score) were recorded...
September 2016: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843269/pediatric-adenotonsillectomy-in-a-low-resource-setting-lessons-and-implications
#8
Sanyaolu Alani Ameye, Afolabi Muyiwa Owojuyigbe, Adekunle Adeyemo, Anthony T Adenekan, Sylvia Ouche
OBJECTIVES: To examine the practices related paediatric adenotonsillectomy in our setting especially in relation to blood request and transfusion, routine investigations, post-operative analgesic practice and complications. METHODS: We reviewed the record of paediatric patients who had adenotonsillectomy in our facility over a 5-year period to obtain relevant information to our study. RESULTS: There were 33 males and 19 females with mean age of 3...
July 2016: Nigerian Journal of Surgery: Official Publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793550/pain-report-and-musculoskeletal-impairment-in-young-people-with-severe-forms-of-cerebral-palsy-a-population-based-series
#9
Brona C McDowell, Catherine Duffy, Claire Lundy
BACKGROUND: While pain is reportedly more prevalent in more functionally impaired children with cerebral palsy, information is scant in those with poor communication skills. METHODS: Young people (4-27 years) with severe forms of cerebral palsy were recruited from a population-based register. The Child Health Questionnaire (CHQ) provided information on general health and bodily pain; the Paediatric Pain Profile (PPP) was used for participants with limited communication; and the Spinal Alignment and Range of Motion Measure (SAROMM) described musculoskeletal impairment...
January 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790555/efficacy-and-safety-of-clonidine-as-an-adjuvant-to-bupivacaine-for-caudal-analgesia-in-paediatric-infra-umbilical-surgeries
#10
Samita Priolkar, Shirley Ann D'Souza
INTRODUCTION: Caudal analgesia, has gained popularity in paediatric intraoperative and postoperative pain management, more so with the use of adjuvants to prolong its duration, each of them having various results. Clonidine, an alpha2-adrenergic agonist is being used for its analgesic effects in various doses with 0.25% Bupivacaine. AIM: The study was conducted to compare the analgesic efficacy, haemodynamic safety and side effects of 1 μg/kg Clonidine added to 1 ml/kg of 0...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775292/-laryngotracheal-traumatic-injuries-lti-in-children-when-to-operate
#11
S Santiago-Martínez, A Laín, G Guillén, R Gander, S López-Fernández, F Pumarola, L Seidler, J Lloret
INTRODUCTION: Paediatric LTI is associated with significant morbid-mortality. Although historically first line treatment was surgical, conservative management is making headway. The purpose of this study was to analyze the management and surgical indications of LTI treated at our institution. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective study of patients with LTI treated between 2007 and 2014. RESULTS: Six out of seven patients, with a median age of 4 years (2-15), had blunt traumas and one had an open trauma...
October 10, 2015: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760282/heated-insufflation-with-or-without-humidification-for-laparoscopic-abdominal-surgery
#12
REVIEW
Daniel W Birch, Jerry T Dang, Noah J Switzer, Namdar Manouchehri, Xinzhe Shi, Ghassan Hadi, Shahzeer Karmali
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative hypothermia during both open and laparoscopic abdominal surgery may be associated with adverse events. For laparoscopic abdominal surgery, the use of heated insufflation systems for establishing pneumoperitoneum has been described to prevent hypothermia. Humidification of the insufflated gas is also possible. Past studies on heated insufflation have shown inconclusive results with regards to maintenance of core temperature and reduction of postoperative pain and recovery times...
October 19, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756437/the-effectiveness-of-information-and-communication-technology-based-psychological-interventions-for-paediatric-chronic-pain-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-meta-analysis-and-intervention-content-analysis
#13
Angeline Traynor, Eimear Morrissey, Jonathan Egan, Brian E McGuire
BACKGROUND: Resource and geographic barriers are the commonly cited constraints preventing the uptake of psychological treatment for chronic pain management. For adults, there is some evidence to support the use of information and communication technology (ICT) as a mode of treatment delivery. However, mixed findings have been reported for the effectiveness and acceptability of psychological interventions delivered using information and communication technology for children and adolescents...
October 18, 2016: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748505/withdrawn-dental-fillings-for-the-treatment-of-caries-in-the-primary-dentition
#14
REVIEW
Veerasamy Yengopal, Soraya Yasin Harnekar, Naren Patel, Nandi Siegfried
BACKGROUND: Childhood caries (tooth decay) consists of a form of tooth decay that affects the milk teeth (also known as baby or primary teeth) of children. This may range from tooth decay in a single tooth to rampant caries affecting all the teeth in the mouth. Primary teeth in young children are vital to their development and every effort should be made to retain these teeth for as long as is possible. Dental fillings or restorations have been used as an intervention to repair these damaged teeth...
October 17, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717898/predicting-postoperative-morphine-consumption-in-children
#15
Vilnis Silins, Christopher Brasher, Freedom Antus, Daphné Michelet, Julie Hilly, Robert Grace, Souhayl Dahmani
BACKGROUND: Morphine is the most commonly used postoperative analgesic for moderate to severe pain in paediatric patients, but there is little research into predictive factors correlating with postoperative morphine consumption. METHODS: All patients undergoing surgery who received morphine postoperatively over eight months were prospectively enrolled. Data analysed included total morphine consumption to day 3, age, weight, type of surgery, ASA status, preoperative opioid administration, predicted postoperative pain intensity (according to French Society of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care classification) and surgery duration...
October 4, 2016: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713576/neck-pain-in-children-a-retrospective-case-series
#16
Jocelyn Cox, Christine Davidian, Silvano Mior
INTRODUCTION: Spinal pain in the paediatric population is a significant health issue, with an increasing prevalence as they age. Paediatric patients attend for chiropractor care for spinal pain, yet, there is a paucity of quality evidence to guide the practitioner with respect to appropriate care planning. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was used to describe chiropractic management of paediatric neck pain. Two researchers abstracted data from 50 clinical files that met inclusion criteria from a general practice chiropractic office in the Greater Toronto Area, Canada...
September 2016: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708812/a-mixed-method-study-of-pain-management-practice-in-a%C3%A2-uk-children-s-hospital-identification-of-barriers-and-developing-strategies-to-maintain-effective-in-patient-paediatric-pain-management
#17
Kate Beckett, Ellen M Henderson, Sarah Parry, Peter Stoddart, Margaret Fletcher
AIM: To assess Acute Pain Service and paediatric pain management efficacy in a UK specialist paediatric hospital to inform wider recommendations for future sustainability. BACKGROUND: UK paediatric acute pain services vary. Although comprehensive pain management guidelines exist, consensus on the best model of care is lacking. Worldwide, medical and pharmacological advances and rapid patient turnover have increased the challenges of managing hospitalized children's pain...
January 2016: Nursing Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681657/oral-5-aminosalicylic-acid-for-maintenance-of-medically-induced-remission-in-crohn-s-disease
#18
REVIEW
Anthony K Akobeng, Dongni Zhang, Morris Gordon, John K MacDonald
BACKGROUND: The prevention of relapse is a major issue in the management of Crohn's disease. Corticosteroids, the mainstay of treatment of acute exacerbations, are not effective for maintenance of remission and its chronic use is limited by numerous adverse events. Randomised controlled trials assessing the efficacy of oral 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) agents for maintenance of medically-induced remission in Crohn's disease have produced conflicting results. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a systematic review to evaluate the efficacy and safety of oral 5-ASA agents for the maintenance of medically-induced remission in Crohn's disease...
September 28, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664308/-managing-pain-in-paediatric-smur
#19
Emmanuelle Gauderon, Maud Lafat, Agathe Payon
The mobile emergency and intensive care service's handling of a child includes the assessment and treatment of pain. It is also essential to take anxiety into consideration. The relationship of trust established with the child and its family allows the stress and pain felt in emergency situations to be limited.
September 2016: Soins. Pédiatrie, Puériculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642384/the-spectrum-of-paediatric-intestinal-obstruction-in-kenya
#20
Philip Blasto Ooko, Patricia Wambua, Mark Oloo, Agneta Odera, Hillary Mariko Topazian, Russell White
INTRODUCTION: Intestinal obstruction (IO) occurs when there is impedance to the flow of intestinal contents due to a congenital or acquired pathology, and is a common paediatric surgical emergency. This study aimed to assess the pattern and outcome of paediatric IO in western Kenya. METHODS: A retrospective review of all recorded cases of mechanical IO in patients aged 15 years or below admitted at Tenwek Hospital between January 2009 and December 2013. RESULTS: The cohort included a total of 217 children (130 boys and 87 girls)...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
keyword
keyword
86621
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"