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Outcomes, atrial fibrillation, nurse practitioner,

Marcie J Smigorowsky, Colleen M Norris, Micheal Sean McMurtry, Ross T Tsuyuki
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common arrhythmia associated with significant morbidity, mortality, and healthcare resource use. The prevalence of AF is increasing with a growing and aging population, and timely access to care for these patients is a concern. Nontraditional models of care delivery, such as nurse practitioner (NP)-led clinics, may improve access to care and quality of care, but they require formal assessment. The objective of this study is to assess the effect of NP-led care on the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of adult patients with AF...
August 3, 2017: Trials
Nicky J Welton, Alexandra McAleenan, Howard Hz Thom, Philippa Davies, Will Hollingworth, Julian Pt Higgins, George Okoli, Jonathan Ac Sterne, Gene Feder, Diane Eaton, Aroon Hingorani, Christopher Fawsitt, Trudie Lobban, Peter Bryden, Alison Richards, Reecha Sofat
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common cardiac arrhythmia that increases the risk of thromboembolic events. Anticoagulation therapy to prevent AF-related stroke has been shown to be cost-effective. A national screening programme for AF may prevent AF-related events, but would involve a substantial investment of NHS resources. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a systematic review of the diagnostic test accuracy (DTA) of screening tests for AF, update a systematic review of comparative studies evaluating screening strategies for AF, develop an economic model to compare the cost-effectiveness of different screening strategies and review observational studies of AF screening to provide inputs to the model...
May 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
Scott A Chapman, Catherine A St Hill, Meg M Little, Michael T Swanoski, Shellina R Scheiner, Kenric B Ware, M Nawal Lutfiyya
BACKGROUND: Ischemic stroke is a risk associated with atrial fibrillation (AF) and is estimated to occur five times more often in afflicted patients than in those without AF. Anti-thrombotic therapy is recommended for the prevention of ischemic stroke. Risk stratification tools, such as the CHADS2 , and more recently the CHA2 DS2 -VASc, for predicting stroke in patients with AF have been developed to determine the level of stroke risk and assist clinicians in the selection of antithrombotic therapy...
February 11, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
Linda Norton, Angela Tsiperfal, Kelly Cook, Ani Bagdasarian, John Varady, Manali Shah, Paul Wang
Sustained growth in the arrhythmia population at Stanford Health Care led to an independent nurse practitioner-run outpatient direct current cardioversion (DCCV) program in 2012. DCCVs performed by a medical doctor, a nurse practitioner under supervision, or nurse practitioners from 2009 to 2014 were compared for safety and efficacy. A retrospective review of the electronic medical records system (Epic) was performed on biodemographic data, cardiovascular risk factors, medication history, procedural data, and DCCV outcomes...
December 15, 2016: American Journal of Cardiology
Leonardo Méndez Boo, Ermengol Coma, Manuel Medina, Eduardo Hermosilla, Manuel Iglesias, Carmen Olmos, Sebastian Calero Muñoz, Johanna Caro Mendivelso
BACKGROUND: To determine the effectiveness of reminders compared to no reminders in improving adherence to multiple clinical recommendations measured as the resolution of the clinical condition that motivated the reminder, in a primary care setting with a well-established feedback system. METHODS/DESIGN: A 12-month, cluster-randomized, controlled clinical trial was designed (randomized by primary care team) to evaluate the impact of computerized reminders. All study participants will continue to receive the usual feedback from the electronic health records system...
2016: SpringerPlus
Alessandro Di Minno, Gaia Spadarella, Antonella Tufano, Domenico Prisco, Giovanni Di Minno
Medication adherence (taking drugs properly) is uncommon among patients on warfarin. Poor adherence to warfarin leads to an increase in adverse medical events, including stroke in atrial fibrillation (AF). Factors related to patients, physicians and the health system account for poor adherence. Direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) are easier to use than warfarin, with fewer drug and food interactions and no need for routine blood monitoring. A proper use of DOACs may reduce the risk of stroke in AF. However, in clinical settings where no laboratory monitoring is needed, a poor medication adherence is common and may impact clinical outcomes...
May 2014: Thrombosis Research
Frederik H Verbrugge, Wilfried Mullens
Atrial fibrillation (AF) and heart failure (HF) are omnipresent cardiovascular disorders with a substantial impact on morbidity and mortality. As both share common risk factors, their pathophysiology is highly interrelated and a lot of patients present with both conditions. Surprisingly, despite their high prevalence, there is a paucity of evidence regarding the optimal combined management of AF and HF. The initial treatment for new-onset AF in the context of HF should focus on anticoagulation, rate control and prompt electrical cardioversion in case of hemodynamic instability...
May 2014: Heart Failure Reviews
Leslie L Davis
Adults with atrial fibrillation are at an increased risk for stroke. New oral antithrombotic agents are now available to help prevent stroke and other thromboembolic events. This article provides an update on factors to consider when determining various treatment options for these high-risk patients in hopes of improving outcomes.
November 10, 2013: Nurse Practitioner
Kathy Berra
Nurses and nurse practitioners play an integral role in initiating and managing antithrombotic prophylaxis in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). Since the advent of warfarin in the 1950s, there have been few changes in this field until recently. Warfarin has been used for decades and has well-demonstrated efficacy. However, it also has well-known drawbacks, including an unpredictable dose response, need for anticoagulation monitoring, frequent dose adjustments, and many drug and food interactions. A new generation of anticoagulants, which includes direct thrombin inhibitors and selective Factor Xa inhibitors, shows the potential to significantly improve options for antithrombotic prophylaxis and to positively affect patient outcomes...
February 2014: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
(no author information available yet)
UNLABELLED: SUBJECT OF THE EVIDENCE-BASED ANALYSIS: The purpose of this evidence based analysis report is to examine the safety and effectiveness of point-of-care (POC) international normalized ratio (INR) monitoring devices for patients on long-term oral anticoagulation therapy (OAT). CLINICAL NEED: TARGET POPULATION AND CONDITION Long-term OAT is typically required by patients with mechanical heart valves, chronic atrial fibrillation, venous thromboembolism, myocardial infarction, stroke, and/or peripheral arterial occlusion...
2009: Ontario Health Technology Assessment Series
Judy A Lowthian, Basia O Diug, Sue M Evans, Ellen L Maxwell, Alison M Street, Leon Piterman, John J McNeil
OBJECTIVE: To identify potential weaknesses in the system of managing warfarin therapy. DESIGN, PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: A structured interview-based study of 40 community-dwelling patients taking warfarin and with an international normalised ratio > or = 6.0 and 36 of their treating doctors (35 general practitioners and 1 specialist), conducted between July and November 2007. Patients all received services from and were recruited sequentially by a large, private metropolitan pathology provider in Melbourne...
June 15, 2009: Medical Journal of Australia
Jaycen Cruickshank
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of acute arrhythmias requires recognition and interpretation of important electrocardiogram (ECG) findings, and knowledge of Australian resuscitation guidelines. OBJECTIVE: This article aims to provide a guide for general practitioners in managing patients who present with acute arrhythmias in the rural or regional setting. DISCUSSION: Rural GPs need to be familiar with acute management of bradycardias, supraventricular tachycardia, atrial fibrillation and ventricular tachyarrhythmias, despite the fact that they may deal with these problems infrequently...
July 2008: Australian Family Physician
Allison M Fus, Michael H Kim, Janet M Haw, Richard G Trohman, Elaine Stephan
BACKGROUND: Therapeutic anticoagulation before elective direct current cardioversion (DCC) of atrial fibrillation reduces the risk of embolic stroke. Direct current cardioversion is performed by a variety of practitioners, and variable adherence to preprocedural anticoagulation guidelines is common. OBJECTIVE: We assessed the impact of a written policy on guideline compliance. METHODS: : Anticoagulation status and transesophageal echocardiogram (TEE) results were reviewed in 55 patients (32 men/23 women; ages 18-83 years) who underwent elective DCC during the 6-month period before a written anticoagulation policy was sent to physicians who perform, prepare, or refer patients for this procedure...
September 2007: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
L Boodhoo, G Bordoli, A R Mitchell, G Lloyd, N Sulke, N Patel
OBJECTIVE: To assess the safety and effectiveness of nurse led elective cardioversion of atrial fibrillation under sedation. DESIGN: Prospective, longitudinal study. SETTING: Cardiac catheterisation laboratory and recovery area of a district general hospital. PATIENTS: 300 patients referred for elective cardioversion of persistent atrial fibrillation. INTERVENTIONS: Pre-procedure evaluations (history, physical examination, blood tests), consent, sedation administration, cardioversions, and post-procedure monitoring until discharge by advanced life support certified coronary care unit nurses trained in the techniques...
December 2004: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
Shane L Jackson, Luke R Bereznicki, Gregory M Peterson, Katherine A Marsden, David M L Jupe, Janet H Vial, Rohan L Rasiah, Gary Misan, Sharon M Williams
OBJECTIVE: To compare the accuracy and clinical usefulness of the near-patient testing CoaguChek S INR monitor in rural medical practice. DESIGN, SETTING AND MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: General practices were identified through Australian university departments of rural health. Study investigators trained general practitioners and/or practice nurses in the use of the CoaguChek S INR monitor. General practices obtained a fingerprick sample for testing with the INR monitor to compare with conventional pathology testing for accuracy...
August 2004: Australian Journal of Rural Health
R G Holloway, B G Vickrey, C Benesch, J A Hinchey, J Bieber
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to develop and rate performance measures for hospital-based acute ischemic stroke. METHODS: A national multidisciplinary panel of 16 individuals (2 stroke specialists, 2 general neurologists, 2 internists, 2 neuroscience nurses, 2 stroke advocacy organization representatives, 1 stroke rehabilitationist, 1 family practitioner, 1 emergency room physician, 1 neuroradiologist, 1 managed care organization director, and 1 hospital association representative) from 10 medical societies or lay organizations assisted in the development of 44 potential stroke performance measures...
September 2001: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
S Somerville, J Somerville, P Croft, M Lewis
The importance of atrial fibrillation as a treatable risk factor for stroke is well established. Less is known about how to find previously unidentified cases within the community so that antithrombotic treatment can be offered to a wider group of at-risk patients. The aim of our study was to examine ways to improve the efficiency of practice-based screening for atrial fibrillation, including issues of time and financial cost. We used different combinations of pulse palpation and interpretation of 12-lead and bipolar electrocardiographs as carried out by practice nurses...
September 2000: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
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