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protein formulation

Shandilya Mahamuni Baira, Amit Khurana, Jaganmohan Somagoni, R Srinivas, Chandraiah Godugu, M V N Kumar Talluri
Nimbolide is a novel, natural compound with promising potential as a drug candidate for anticancer activity. It is isolated from the Indian traditional medicinal plant Azadirachta indica popularly known as neem. The present study was undertaken to explore the oral bioavailability and pharmacokinetic characteristics of nimbolide in rats using the LC/QTOF/MS method. A simple protein precipitation method using acetonitrile was employed for extracting nimbolide from rat plasma. The chromatographic separation of nimbolide and the internal standard (regorafenib) was attained on an Aquity BEH C18 column (100 × 2...
June 2, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Anuraj T Sukumaran, Alexander J Holtcamp, Yan L Campbell, Derris Burnett, Mark W Schilling, Thu T N Dinh
The objective of this study was to determine the effects of deboning time (pre- and post-rigor), processing steps (grinding - GB; salting - SB; batter formulation - BB), and storage time on the quality of raw beef mixtures and vacuum-packaged cooked sausage, produced using a commercial formulation with 0.25% phosphate. The pH was greater in pre-rigor GB and SB than in post-rigor GB and SB (P < .001). However, deboning time had no effect on metmyoglobin reducing activity, cooking loss, and color of raw beef mixtures...
June 7, 2018: Meat Science
Samad Rahimnejad, Xiangli Yuan, Ling Wang, Kangle Lu, Kai Song, Chunxiao Zhang
This study evaluated the effects of supplementing chitooligosaccharide (COS) in low fish meal (FM) diets on growth, immune response, intestine and hepatopancrease histology, and expression of inflammatory and immune-related genes in Pacific white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei). A basal diet was formulated using FM and soybean meal (SM) as primary protein sources and considered as a high FM (HFM) diet, then a low FM (LFM) diet was prepared by substituting 50% of FM with SM and supplemented with 0, 3, 6, 9, 12 or 15 g COS kg-1 diet (LFM, COS3, COS6, COS9, COS12 and COS15 diets)...
June 13, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Carolina Ramírez-López, Jorge Fernando Vélez-Ruiz
Fresh cheeses, Panela type, were manufactured from cow milk and with goat milk incorporation, constituting 4 blends of milks (G10:C90, G20:C80, G30:C70, G40:C60, v/v). The cheeses were analyzed to determine the effect of the different goat milk ratios on the physicochemical, textural, rheological, and sensory properties over 15 d of storage. Significant differences in protein (14.6% to 18.5%), fat (13.0% to 19.4%), and moisture contents (51.7% to 61.3%), pH (6.38 to 6.67), color (Lh  > 64.4, ah  > 1...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Food Science
Zhaozhi Huang, Ingolf Gruen, Bongkosh Vardhanabhuti
The goal of our study was to investigate the effect of alginate on in vitro gastric digestion and sucrose release of soy protein isolate (SPI) in model beverages. Model beverages containing 5% w/w SPI, 0% to 0.20% w/w alginate, and 10% w/w sucrose were prepared by heating the mixtures at 85 °C for 30 min at pH 6.0 or 7.0. Characterizations of beverages included determination of zeta potential, particle size and rheological properties. Digestion patterns and sucrose release profiles were determined during 2 hr in vitro gastric digestion using SDS-PAGE and HPLC analysis, respectively...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Food Science
Farida Ismail Al Hosani, Lindsay Kim, Ahmed Khudhair, Huong Pham, Mariam Al Mulla, Zyad Al Bandar, Krishna Pradeep, Kheir Abou Elkheir, Stefan Weber, Mary Khoury, George Donnelly, Naima Younis, Feda El Saleh, Muna Abdalla, Hala Imambaccus, Lia M Haynes, Natalie J Thornburg, Jennifer L Harcourt, Congrong Miao, Azaibi Tamin, Aron J Hall, Elizabeth S Russell, Aaron M Harris, Craig Kiebler, Roger A Mir, Kimberly Pringle, Negar N Alami, Glen R Abedi, Susan I Gerber
Background: Although there is evidence of person-to-person transmission of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) in household and healthcare settings, more data are needed to describe and better understand the risk factors and transmission routes in both settings, as well as the extent that disease severity affects transmission. Methods: A sero-epidemiological investigation was conducted among Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) case-patients and their household contacts to investigate transmission risk in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates...
June 13, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
David Josh Cohen, Sharon L Hyzy, Salma Haque, Lucas C Olson, Barbara Boyan, Justin M Saul, Zvi Schwartz
Keratin proteins derived from human hair are known to contain a large number of cysteine residues. In hydrogels composed of oxidatively extracted keratin (keratose), sulfonic acid on the cysteine residues prevents disulfide crosslinking. Reductively extracted keratin (kerateine) has thiol groups on cysteine residues that can form disulfide crosslinks. The rates of keratin hydrogel erosion and, in some cases, drug release can be tuned by manipulating disulfide crosslinking levels via the keratose:kerateine (KOS:KTN) ratio...
June 15, 2018: Tissue Engineering. Part A
Chenhao Zhou, Wanyong Chen, Jialei Sun, Manar Atyah, Yirui Yin, Wentao Zhang, Lei Guo, Qinghai Ye, Qiongzhu Dong, Yi Shi, Ning Ren
WW domain-containing oxidoreductase (WWOX), which has a protein-interaction domain and is regarded to be a tumor suppressor, has been known to play an important role in anti-angiogenesis and cancer progression. This study aimed to investigate prognostic values of WWOX expression in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients after hepatectomy. Additionally, we intended to formulate a valuable prognostic nomogram for HCCs. 182 HCC patients who underwent hepatectomy from January 2009 to January 2010 were enrolled in our study...
June 14, 2018: Cancer Medicine
Jian Hua Gu, Rulin Qian, Robert Chou, Pavel V Bondarenko, Merrill Goldenberg
PURPOSE: To show and rationalize the confounding effects on the rotational/oscillatory rheology of surface active impurities in commercial protein formulations such as bovine serum albumin, BSA. METHODS: Bulk and interfacial rotational/oscillatory rheology were used to study the viscosity, complex viscosity, storage/elastic modulus, G' and loss/viscous modulus, G", as a function of time of aqueous formulations of BSA and their purified components. RESULTS: Viscosity/time profiles at steady shear for different commercial BSA products and lots showed viscosity increase, decrease and time-independent profiles at low shear rates...
June 14, 2018: Pharmaceutical Research
Jiashun Chen, Baoju Kang, Qian Jiang, Mengmeng Han, Yurong Zhao, Lina Long, Chenxing Fu, Kang Yao
Alpha-ketoglutarate (AKG), a critical molecule in the tricarboxylic acid cycle, is beneficial to intestinal functions. However, its influence on intestinal microbiota and metabolism is not fully understood. We investigated the effects of a low-protein (LP) diet supplemented with AKG on cecal microbial communities and the parameters of microbial metabolism in growing pigs. Twenty-seven young pigs (Large White × Landrace) with an average initial body weight of 11.96 ± 0.18 kg were randomly allotted into three groups ( n = 9): a normal protein (NP) diet containing 20% crude protein (CP); LP diet formulated with 17% CP (LP diet); or LP diet supplemented with 10 g kg-1 of AKG (ALP diet)...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Chong Su, Hong Yang, Hui Sun, John Paul Fawcett, Dong Sun, Jingkai Gu
Amphotericin B (AMB) is a polyene macrolide antibiotic used for treating invasive fungal infections. Liposomal AMB (L-AMB) is a lipid dosage form which reduces the side effects and toxicity of the drug. The quantitation of free AMB (F-AMB) and L-AMB in vivo is important to monitor quality control of the liposomal formulation and to ensure its safety during clinical use. In this study, an original strategy was developed to separately determine F-AMB and L-AMB in rat plasma using LC-MS/MS. F-AMB was analyzed after separation by solid phase extraction, total AMB (T-AMB) was determined after protein precipitation and L-AMB was determined by difference...
June 8, 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Luca Sanguigno, Antonella Casamassa, Niccola Funel, Massimiliano Minale, Rodolfo Riccio, Salvatore Riccio, Francesca Boscia, Paola Brancaccio, Luca Emanuele Pollina, Serenella Anzilotti, Gianfranco Di Renzo, Ornella Cuomo
Triticum vulgare has been extensively used in traditional medicine thanks to its properties of accelerating tissue repair. The specific extract of Triticum vulgare manufactured by Farmaceutici Damor (TVE-DAMOR) is already present in some pharmaceutical formulations used in the treatment of decubitus ulcers, skin lesions and burns. It has been recently suggested that this Triticum vulgare extract may possess potential anti-inflammatory properties. In the light of these premises the aim of the present paper was to verify the anti-inflammatory role of TVE, using the LPS-stimulated microglia model of inflammation...
2018: PloS One
A Jasek, R E Latham, A Mañón, S Llamas-Moya, R Adhikari, R Poureslami, J T Lee
Exogenous enzymatic supplementation of poultry feeds, including α-galactosidase and xylanase, has been shown to increase metabolically available energy, although little information has been published on the impact on amino acid digestibility. An experiment was conducted to investigate a multicarbohydrase containing α-galactosidase and xylanase on amino acid digestibility, ileal digestible energy (IDE), and CP in male broiler chicks. The experiment was a 2 × 2 (diet × enzyme) factorial arrangement with 15 replicates of 8 male broilers per replicate raised for 21 d in a battery setting...
June 8, 2018: Poultry Science
Jeffrey I Cohen
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is the primary cause of infectious mononucleosis and is associated with several malignancies, including nasopharyngeal carcinoma, gastric carcinoma, Hodgkin lymphoma, Burkitt lymphoma, and lymphomas in immunocompromised persons, as well as multiple sclerosis. A vaccine is currently unavailable. While monomeric EBV gp350 was shown in a phase 2 trial to reduce the incidence of infectious mononucleosis, but not the rate of EBV infection, newer formulations of gp350 including multimeric forms, viruslike particles, and nanoparticles may be more effective...
2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Claudio N Cavasotto, Natalia S Adler, Maria G Aucar
Today computational chemistry is a consolidated tool in drug lead discovery endeavors. Due to methodological developments and to the enormous advance in computer hardware, methods based on quantum mechanics (QM) have gained great attention in the last 10 years, and calculations on biomacromolecules are becoming increasingly explored, aiming to provide better accuracy in the description of protein-ligand interactions and the prediction of binding affinities. In principle, the QM formulation includes all contributions to the energy, accounting for terms usually missing in molecular mechanics force-fields, such as electronic polarization effects, metal coordination, and covalent binding; moreover, QM methods are systematically improvable, and provide a greater degree of transferability...
2018: Frontiers in Chemistry
Qian-Yu Zhang, Pui Yan Ho, Mei-Juan Tu, Joseph L Jilek, Qiu-Xia Chen, Su Zeng, Ai-Ming Yu
Recently we have established a novel approach to produce bioengineered noncoding RNA agents (BERAs) in living cells that carry target RNAi molecules (e.g., siRNA and miRNA) and thus act as "prodrugs". Using GFP-siRNA-loaded BERA (BERA/GFP-siRNA) as a model molecule, this study was to define the in vitro and in vivo knockdown efficiency of BERAs delivered by liposome-polyethylenimine nanocomplex (lipopolyplex or LPP). Compared to in vivo-jetPEI® (IVJ-PEI) and polyplex formulations, LPP offered greater protection of BERA/GFP-siRNA against degradation by serum RNases...
June 9, 2018: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Mangala Rao, Sayali Onkar, Kristina K Peachman, Yohann White, Hung V Trinh, Ousman Jobe, Yingjun Zhou, Peter Dawson, Michael A Eller, Gary R Matyas, Carl R Alving
Background: In the RV144 trial, HIV-1 gp120 V1V2 antibodies correlated inversely with risk of HIV-1 infection; however the titers waned quickly. We hypothesized that a more potent adjuvant might enhance the magnitude and durability of V1V2 antibodies. Methods: We examined archived sera from a phase I randomized, double blind placebo-controlled trial, conducted in HIV-1 uninfected individuals, vaccinated with HIV-1SF-2 rgp120 either adsorbed to aluminum hydroxide (aluminum hydroxide arm) or encapsulated in liposomes containing monophosphoryl lipid A (MPL®) and then adsorbed to aluminum hydroxide (liposomal arm)...
June 9, 2018: Journal of Infectious Diseases
Francesco Mainini, David S Larsen, Gill A Webster, Sarah L Young, Michael R Eccles
MIS416 is a microparticulate formulation derived from propionibacterium acnes cell wall skeletons with intrinsic adjuvant activity. Conjugates of MIS416-SS-peptide containing a disulfide linkage facilitate the cytoplasmic delivery and release of peptides in antigen-presenting cells (APCs). We hypothesized that MIS416-siRNA (small interfering RNA) conjugates, containing a disulfide linkage between MIS416 and the siRNA, would allow cytoplasmic release of siRNA in APCs. MIS416-SS-siStat3 conjugates added to cell culture medium of monolayers of DCs in culture flasks successfully targeted Stat3 mRNA in DCs in vitro without transfection, downregulating Stat3 mRNA and protein levels...
June 12, 2018: Nucleic Acid Therapeutics
Wilhem Leconet, He Liu, Ming Guo, Sophie Le Lamer-Déchamps, Charlotte Molinier, Sae Kim, Tjasa Vrlinic, Murielle Oster, Fang Liu, Vincent Navarro, Jaspreet S Batra, Adolfo Lopez-Noriega, Sylvestre Grizot, Neil H Bander
Small therapeutic proteins represent a promising novel approach to treat cancer. Nevertheless, their clinical application is often adversely impacted by their short plasma half-life. Controlled long-term delivery of small biologicals has become a challenge because of their hydrophilic properties and in some cases their limited stability. Here, an in-situ forming depot injectable polymeric system was used to deliver BiJ591, a Bispecific T-cell Engager (BiTE) targeting both prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) and the CD3 T-cell receptor in prostate cancer...
June 11, 2018: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Diogo Silva Pellosi, Ivana d'Angelo, Sara Maiolino, Emma Mitidieri, Roberta d'Emmanuele di Villa Bianca, Raffaella Sorrentino, Fabiana Quaglia, Francesca Ungaro
In this paper, we shed light on the potential of Pluronic® mixed micelles in lung delivery of poorly water-soluble drugs. To this purpose, Pluronic® P123/F127 mixed micelles (PMM), exhibiting superior stability in biological fluids, were loaded with budesonide (BUD), a model hydrophobic corticosteroid, and fully investigated focusing on their stability in pulmonary-relevant media, transport through the mucus barrier and aerodynamic behaviour in vitro. Then, lung bio-distribution and efficacy were evaluated in vivo, after intra-tracheal administration in rats...
June 8, 2018: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
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