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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916954/discrimination-and-mental-health-in-a-representative-sample-of-african-american-and-afro-caribbean-youth
#1
Lee M Pachter, Cleopatra H Caldwell, James S Jackson, Bruce A Bernstein
BACKGROUND: Racism and discrimination are psychosocial stressors that affect the health of minority populations. While discrimination has been associated with poor mental health, little is known about the relationship between discrimination and mental health outcomes in youth nationally. Furthermore, mental and behavioral health consequences of discrimination may differ in different minority groups. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study is to determine (1) how common perceptions of discrimination are in a nationally representative sample of African-American (AA) and Afro-Caribbean (AC) teens, (2) the relationship between discrimination and mental health conditions, and (3) whether discrimination has different associations with mental health in AA and AC youth...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916233/risk-of-pneumonia-in-patients-with-insomnia-a-nationwide-population-based-retrospective-cohort-study
#2
Chia-Ling Lin, Ta-Chun Liu, Chi-Hsiang Chung, Wu-Chien Chien
Evidence is lacking regarding whether insomnia increases the risk of infectious disease. Accordingly, the present study examined the risk of pneumonia in patients with insomnia. This study was a population-based retrospective cohort study on a cohort of 8061 patients with insomnia and a control cohort of 16,112 patients (matched by age, sex, and year of diagnosis) from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database for the 2000-2010 period. Overall incidence of pneumonia was 50.6 per 1000 person-years in the insomnia cohort, which was significantly higher than that in the control cohort (30...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916160/-sociodemographic-and-health-related-determinants-of-health-care-utilisation-and-access-to-primary-and-specialist-care-results-of-a-nationwide-population-survey-in-germany-2006-2016
#3
Florian Tille, Bernhard Gibis, Klaus Balke, Adelheid Kuhlmey, Susanne Schnitzer
BACKGROUND: The aim of this paper is to identify systematic differences due to sociodemographic and health-related determinants in outpatient healthcare utilisation and access in Germany for the period from 2006 to 2016. The study focuses on frequent users and those reporting particularly long wait times for their physician appointments and contributes to assessing the level of health equity in Germany. METHODS: The investigation draws on nine population surveys conducted by the German National Association of Statutory Health Insurance Physicians (NASHIP), which interviewed 42,925 respondents aged 18 and above...
September 12, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915767/sick-leave-among-people-in-paid-work-after-age-65-a-swedish-population-based-study-covering-1995-2000-2005-and-2010
#4
K Farrants, S Marklund, L Kjeldgård, J Head, K Alexanderson
AIMS: Extending working life into older age groups is discussed in many countries. However, there is no knowledge about how this affects rates of sick leave. The aim of this work was to investigate rates of sick leave among people in paid work after retirement age and if such rates have changed over time. METHODS: Swedish nationwide register data on people aged >65 years and living in Sweden in 1995, 2000, 2005 and 2010 were analysed. All people with a sufficiently high work income to be eligible for public sick leave benefits were included...
September 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915698/risk-of-aortic-aneurysm-and-dissection-in-patients-with-autosomal-dominant-polycystic-kidney-disease-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#5
Pei-Hsun Sung, Yao-Hsu Yang, Hsin-Ju Chiang, John Y Chiang, Chi-Jen Chen, Chien-Ting Liu, Cheuk-Man Yu, Hon-Kan Yip
Although cardiovascular complications are the most common cause of death in patients with autosomal-dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), the incidence and risk of aortic aneurysm and dissection (AAD) in ADPKD remains unclear due to limited data and insufficient cases. We utilized the data from Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) to do a population-based cohort study (1997-2008). After excluding those patients with age <18 years old and initially concomitant diagnoses of end-stage renal disease and AAD, a total of 2076 ADPKD patients were selected from 1,000,000 of general population...
August 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914000/trends-of-pars-plana-vitrectomy-rates-in-south-korea-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#6
Joo Yeon Kim, Tyler Hyungtaek Rim, Sung Soo Kim
PURPOSE: To assess the trends in pars plana vitrectomy surgery rates and factors affecting rate change between 2002 and 2013 in South Korea. METHODS: Data from National Health Insurance Service-National Sample Cohort 2002-2013, which represents 1,025,340 samples with a sampling rate of 2.2% from the total eligible Korean population, was analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 3,816 vitrectomy procedures were performed (male, 2,010; female, 1,806) from 2002 to 2013...
August 18, 2017: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology: KJO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913403/relative-impact-of-hospital-and-surgeon-procedure-volumes-on-primary-total-hip-arthroplasty-revision-a-nationwide-cohort-study-in-france
#7
Chloé Le Cossec, Sandrine Colas, Mahmoud Zureik
BACKGROUND: Both surgeon and hospital procedure volumes have been found to be associated with total hip arthroplasty (THA) outcomes. However, little research has been conducted on the relative influence. We studied the association between THA survivorship and both hospital and surgeon procedure volumes, considering their relative impact. METHODS: A population-based cohort included all patients aged ≥40 years having received a unilateral primary THA from 2010 to 2011, from the French National Health Insurance Database...
September 2017: Arthroplasty Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912021/association-between-spinal-immobilization-and-survival-at-discharge-for-on-scene-blunt-traumatic-cardiac-arrest-a-nationwide-retrospective-cohort-study
#8
Yusuke Tsutsumi, Shingo Fukuma, Asuka Tsuchiya, Tatsuyoshi Ikenoue, Yosuke Yamamoto, Sayaka Shimizu, Miho Kimachi, Shunichi Fukuhara
INTRODUCTION: Spinal immobilization has been indicated for all blunt trauma patients suspected of having cervical spine injury. However, for traumatic cardiac arrest (TCA) patients, rapid transportation without compromising potentially reversible causes is necessary. Our objective was to investigate the temporal trend of spinal immobilization for TCA patients and to examine the association between spinal immobilization and survival. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using the Japan Trauma Data Bank 2004-2015 registry data...
September 6, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911326/borrelia-infection-and-risk-of-celiac-disease
#9
Armin Alaedini, Benjamin Lebwohl, Gary P Wormser, Peter H Green, Jonas F Ludvigsson
BACKGROUND: Environmental factors, including infectious agents, are speculated to play a role in the rising prevalence and the geographic distribution of celiac disease, an autoimmune disorder. In the USA and Sweden where the regional variation in the frequency of celiac disease has been studied, a similarity with the geographic distribution of Lyme disease, an emerging multisystemic infection caused by Borrelia burgdorferi spirochetes, has been found, thus raising the possibility of a link...
September 15, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910695/mds-classification-is-improving-in-an-era-of-the-who-2016-criteria-of-mds-a-population-based-analysis-among-9159-mds-patients-diagnosed-in-the-netherlands
#10
Avinash G Dinmohamed, Otto Visser, Eduardus F M Posthuma, Peter C Huijgens, Pieter Sonneveld, Arjan A van de Loosdrecht, Mojca Jongen-Lavrencic
BACKGROUND: Morphologic and cytogenetic assessments are required to characterize diagnostic and prognostic features of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). We assessed whether these assessments were performed among newly diagnosed MDS patients in the Netherlands. METHODS: MDS cases were retrieved from the nationwide Netherlands Cancer Registry (N=9159; period 2001-2014) and the regional PHAROS MDS registry (N=676; period 2008-2011). RESULTS: The proportion of unclassified MDS decreased from 58% in 2001 to 13% in 2014...
September 11, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906354/the-influence-of-renal-dialysis-and-hip-fracture-sites-on-the-10-year-mortality-of-elderly-hip-fracture-patients-a-nationwide-population-based-observational-study
#11
Li-Wei Hung, Yi-Ting Hwang, Guey-Shiun Huang, Cheng-Chih Liang, Jinn Lin
Hip fractures in older people requiring dialysis are associated with high mortality. Our study primarily aimed to evaluate the specific burden of dialysis on the mortality rate following hip fracture. The secondary aim was to clarify the effect of the fracture site on mortality. A retrospective cohort study was conducted using Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database to analyze nationwide health data regarding dialysis and non-dialysis patients ≥65 years who sustained a first fragility-related hip fracture during the period from 2001 to 2005...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906163/colorectal-cancer-death-after-adenoma-removal-in-scandinavia
#12
Louise Emilsson, Magnus Løberg, Michael Bretthauer, Øyvind Holme, Katja Fall, Henriette C Jodal, Hans-Olov Adami, Mette Kalager
OBJECTIVES: Improved understanding of the subsequent risk death from colorectal cancer (CRC) among individuals who had adenomas removed is needed. We aimed to quantify this risk using prospectively collected data from population-based cohorts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using Norwegian and Swedish registries, a cohort of 90,864 individuals with colorectal adenomas removed between 1980 and 2013 was identified. Surveillance was only recommended for high-risk adenomas...
September 14, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902948/psychological-health-status-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-adults-with-atopic-dermatitis-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-study-in-south-korea
#13
Sul Hee Lee, Si Hyung Lee, Sung Yul Lee, Bora Lee, Sang-Hoon Lee, Young Lip Park
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic inflammatory skin disorder. Patients with AD often experience psychological distress and poor health-related quality of life (HRQoL). The aim of this study was to investigate the association of several psychological health statuses and poor HRQoL in an adult population with AD in South Korea. A total of 38,741 adults who participated in the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, a nationwide, population-based, cross-sectional health survey between 2008 and 2013 were included...
September 13, 2017: Acta Dermato-venereologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902880/cost-and-cost-effectiveness-of-a-school-based-education-program-to-reduce-salt-intake-in-children-and-their-families-in-china
#14
Xian Li, Stephen Jan, Lijing L Yan, Alison Hayes, Yunbo Chu, Haijun Wang, Xiangxian Feng, Wenyi Niu, Feng J He, Jun Ma, Yanbo Han, Graham A MacGregor, Yangfeng Wu
OBJECTIVE: The School-based Education Program to Reduce Salt Intake in Children and Their Families study was a cluster randomized control trial among grade five students in 28 primary schools and their families in Changzhi, China. It achieved a significant effect in lowering systolic blood pressure (SBP) in all family adults by 2.3 mmHg and in elderlies (aged > = 60 years) by 9.5 mmHg. The aim of this study was to assess the cost-effectiveness of this salt reduction program. METHODS: Costs of the intervention were assessed using an ingredients approach to identify resource use...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902787/venous-thromboembolism-is-associated-with-adverse-outcomes-in-hospitalized-patients-with-acute-pancreatitis-a-population-based-cohort-study
#15
Guru Trikudanathan, Chandraprakash Umapathy, Satish Munigala, Mahesh Gajendran, Darwin L Conwell, Martin L Freeman, Somashekar G Krishna
OBJECTIVES: The systemic inflammatory cascade and vascular stasis in hospitalized patients with acute pancreatitis (AP) serve as a milieu for development of venous thromboembolism (VTE). Our aim was to estimate the prevalence and risk factors of VTE in AP and to evaluate its impact on clinical outcomes of AP. METHODS: The Nationwide Inpatient Sample (2002-2011) was reviewed to identify all patients hospitalized with AP. Patients with a concomitant diagnosis of VTE were compared with those without...
October 2017: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902678/brief-report-high-need-to-switch-cart-or-comedication-with-the-initiation-of-daas-in-elderly-hiv-hcv-coinfected-patients
#16
Elise J Smolders, Colette Smit, Clara T M M de Kanter, Anton S M Dofferiiof, Joop E Arends, Kees Brinkman, Bart Rijnders, Marc van der Valk, Peter Reiss, David M Burger
BACKGROUND: To describe the use of nonantiretroviral comedication and combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) in patients coinfected with HIV/hepatitis C virus (HCV) and to predict the potential for drug-drug interactions (DDIs) with direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) against HCV. METHODS: This is a retrospective, cross-sectional study, using the Dutch, nationwide ATHENA observational HIV cohort database. All patients with a known HIV/HCV coinfection on January 1, 2015, were included...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902601/impact-of-diabetes-on-perioperative-complications-in-patients-undergoing-elective-total-shoulder-arthroplasty
#17
Siddharth Mahure, Brent Mollon, Mary Quien, Raj Karia, Joseph Zuckerman, Young Kwon
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes has been associated with negative outcomes following orthopaedic surgery. While previous studies have reported on diabetes-associated complications in shoulder arthroplasty, those cohorts were heterogeneous in terms of patient population, nature of elective surgery, and arthroplasty type. Given that the number of elective total shoulder arthroplasties (TSAs) performed has grown substantially in volume and is predicted to rise even further, it is important to recognize the role that diabetes may play in developing in-hospital complications within a more homogenous sample of patients undergoing elective TSA...
May 2017: Bulletin of the Hospital for Joint Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900893/associations-of-neighborhood-environmental-attributes-with-walking-in-japan-moderating-effects-of-area-level-socioeconomic-status
#18
Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Tomoya Hanibuchi, Tomoki Nakaya, Ai Shibata, Kaori Ishii, Yung Liao, Koichiro Oka, Takemi Sugiyama
Several studies have examined how the associations of built environment attributes with walking behaviors may be moderated by socioeconomic status (SES). Such understanding is important to address socioeconomic inequalities in health through urban design initiatives. However, to date, there is no study examining the moderation effects of SES in the relationships of environmental attributes and walking in non-Western countries. The current study aims to examine associations of environmental attributes with walking behaviors among Japanese adults, and to test whether these associations were moderated by area-level SES...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899896/impact-of-worsened-metabolic-syndrome-on-the-risk-of-dementia-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#19
Yen-Chun Fan, Chia-Chi Chou, San-Lin You, Chien-An Sun, Chien-Jen Chen, Chyi-Huey Bai
BACKGROUND: The relationship of alteration of metabolic syndrome (MetS) with dementia remains unclear. The purpose of study was to evaluate the association between dynamic change in MetS status around a 5-year period and dementia. METHODS AND RESULTS: The cohort study was conducted from the Taiwanese Survey on Prevalence of Hypertension, Hyperglycemia, and Hyperlipidemia in 2002, with follow-up in 2007. The sample was subsequently linked to the National Health Insurance Research Database...
September 12, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899538/relationship-between-stress-coping-and-sleep-disorders-among-the-general-japanese-population-a-nationwide-representative-survey
#20
Yuichiro Otsuka, Yoshitaka Kaneita, Osamu Itani, Sachi Nakagome, Maki Jike, Takashi Ohida
OBJECTIVE: To clarify the prevalence of stress, and examine the relationship between sleep disorders and stress coping strategies among highly stressed individuals in the general Japanese population. METHODS: A cross-sectional nationwide survey was undertaken in November 2007. Men and women were randomly selected from 300 districts throughout Japan. Data from 7671 (3532 men (average age 53.5 ± 17.0 years) and 4139 women (average age 53.9 ± 17.7 years)) were analyzed...
September 2017: Sleep Medicine
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