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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342235/estimation-of-lead-exposure-prevalence-in-korean-population-through-combining-multiple-experts-judgment-based-on-objective-data-sources
#1
Dong-Hee Koh, Ju-Hyun Park, Sang-Gil Lee, Hwan-Cheol Kim, Sangjun Choi, Hyejung Jung, Jae-Oh Park, Dong-Uk Park
Objective: Estimating carcinogen exposure prevalence is important for preventing occupational cancers. To develop the Korean version of CARcinogen EXposure (CAREX), a carcinogen surveillance system used in many countries, we estimated lead exposure prevalence in the Korean working population. Methods: We used three Korean nationwide data sources to obtain objective database-derived prevalences of lead exposure across industries: airborne lead measurement data from the work environment measurement database (WEMD), blood lead measurement data from the special health examination database (SHED), and lead exposure prevalence computed using data from the work environment condition survey (WECS), which is a nationwide occupational exposure survey...
January 12, 2018: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342195/association-between-pm10-pm2-5-no2-o3-and-self-reported-diabetes-in-italy-a-cross-sectional-ecological-study
#2
Riccardo Orioli, Giuseppe Cremona, Luisella Ciancarella, Angelo G Solimini
INTRODUCTION: Air pollution represents a serious threat to health on a global scale, being responsible for a large portion of the global burden of disease from environmental factors. Current evidence about the association between air pollution exposure and Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is still controversial. We aimed to evaluate the association between area-level ambient air pollution and self-reported DM in a large population sample in Italy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We extracted information about self-reported and physician diagnosed DM, risk factors and socio-economic status from 12 surveys conducted nationwide between 1999 and 2013...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342165/increased-colon-cancer-risk-after-severe-salmonella-infection
#3
Lapo Mughini-Gras, Michael Schaapveld, Jolanda Kramers, Sofie Mooij, E Andra Neefjes-Borst, Wilfrid van Pelt, Jacques Neefjes
BACKGROUND: Colon cancer constitutes one of the most frequent malignancies. Previous studies showed that Salmonella manipulates host cell signaling pathways and that Salmonella Typhimurium infection facilitates colon cancer development in genetically predisposed mice. This epidemiological study examined whether severe Salmonella infection, usually acquired from contaminated food, is associated with increased colon cancer risk in humans. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We performed a nationwide registry-based study to assess colon cancer risk after diagnosed Salmonella infection...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341296/the-five-year-survival-of-children-with-down-syndrome-in-norway-1994-2009-differed-by-associated-congenital-heart-defects-and-extracardiac-malformations
#4
Kristoffer Brodwall, Gottfried Greve, Elisabeth Leirgul, Kari Klungsøyr, Henrik Holmstrøm, Stein Emil Vollset, Nina Øyen
AIM: We investigated the prevalence of Down syndrome in a nationwide birth cohort, focusing on congenital heart defects, their associations with extracardiac malformations, and survival. METHODS: National registers were used to identify Norwegian births (1994-2009) and deaths (1994-2014) and updated with hospital diagnoses. We estimated birth defect frequencies in Down syndrome and the general population, the association between heart defects and extracardiac malformations and hazard ratios for death from different combinations of heart defects and extracardiac malformations...
January 17, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340890/association-between-average-daily-television-viewing-time-and-the-incidence-of-ovarian-cancer-findings-from-the-japan-collaborative-cohort-study
#5
Shigekazu Ukawa, Akiko Tamakoshi, Mitsuru Mori, Satoyo Ikehara, Toru Shirakawa, Hiroshi Yatsuya, Hiroyasu Iso
PURPOSE: Seventy-five percent of epidemiological studies have reported that sedentary behavior is associated with ovarian cancer incidence. Although Japan has one of the most sedentary populations, with median sitting times of 7 h/day, this association has not been investigated. This study aimed to elucidate the association between average daily television (TV) viewing time, which is a major sedentary behavior, and the incidence of ovarian cancer in a large-scale nationwide cohort study in Japan...
January 16, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338470/measurement-error-in-the-liebowitz-social-anxiety-scale-results-from-a-general-adult-population-in-japan
#6
Koki Takada, Kana Takahashi, Kazuki Hirao
OBJECTIVE: Although the self-report version of Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS) is frequently used to measure social anxiety, data is lacking on the smallest detectable change (SDC), an important index of measurement error. We therefore aimed to determine the SDC of LSAS. METHODS: Japanese adults aged 20-69 years were invited from a panel managed by a nationwide internet research agency. We then conducted a test-retest internet survey with a two-week interval to estimate the SDC at the individual (SDCind) and group (SDCgroup) levels...
January 17, 2018: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337711/why-we-became-nurse-educators-findings-from-a-nationwide-survey-of-current-nurse-educators
#7
Jane D Evans
AIM: The aim of the study was to identify what a national sample of nurse faculty believe will help build the faculty population. BACKGROUND: The aging population contributes to the need for new nurses while reducing the number of experienced faculty. Retaining faculty and attracting younger faculty are essential. METHOD: This descriptive study used an online survey. Nurse educators teaching at all levels (n = 940) were asked to rate the effectiveness of attraction, recruitment, and retention strategies...
January 15, 2018: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337399/impact-of-pregnancy-on-psychoactive-substance-use-among-women-with-substance-use-disorders-recruited-in-addiction-specialized-care-centers-in-france
#8
Liselotte Pochard, Julie Dupouy, Elisabeth Frauger, Adeline Giocanti, Joëlle Micallef, Maryse Lapeyre-Mestre
Pregnancy can be a motivation for decrease in drug abusing but may also represent a period of high vulnerability for relapse.We aimed to assess psychoactive substance use among women with substance use disorders followed in addiction care centers in France. We analyzed data from women aged 15-44 years included in the 'Observation of illegal drugs and misuse of psychotropic medication survey' (OPPIDUM), an annualcross-sectional survey collecting details on psychoactive substances used. Characteristics of women included in 2005 to 2012 yearly surveys were compared depending on their pregnant or not pregnant status...
January 16, 2018: Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335822/emergency-department-throughput-an-intervention
#9
Nowreen Haq, Rona Stewart-Corral, Eric Hamrock, Jamie Perin, Waseem Khaliq
Shortening emergency department (ED) boarding time and managing hospital bed capacity by expediting the inpatient discharge process have been challenging for hospitals nationwide. The objective of this study is was to explore the effect of an innovative prospective intervention on hospital workflow, specifically on early inpatient discharges and the ED boarding time. The intervention consisted of a structured nursing "admission discharge transfer" (ADT) protocol receiving new admissions from the ED and helping out floor nursing with early discharges...
January 15, 2018: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335350/epidemiology-and-medication-pattern-change-of-psoriatic-diseases-in-taiwan-from-2000-to-2013-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#10
James Cheng-Chung Wei, Lin-Hong Shi, Jing-Yang Huang, Xue-Fen Wu, Rui Wu, Jeng-Yuan Chiou
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the trend of prevalence and incidence rates for psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and psoriasis in Taiwan, and to determine the changes in medication patterns. METHODS: Data were collected from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database, which covered at least 95% of the population from 2000 to 2013. International Classification of Diseases, 9th edition (ICD-9) was used to identify PsA (ICD-9 696.0) and other psoriasis (ICD-9 696.1). Medications were identified by Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification code...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335326/attendance-of-routine-childcare-visits-in-primary-care-for-children-of-mothers-with-depression-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#11
Bente Kjær Lyngsøe, Claus Høstrup Vestergaard, Dorte Rytter, Mogens Vestergaard, Trine Munk-Olsen, Bodil Hammer Bech
BACKGROUND: Depression is a common and potentially debilitating illness worldwide. Attendance to routine childcare appointments is a key point of interest in the effort to improve the health and care for families facing depression. AIM: To evaluate the association between maternal depression and offspring non-attendance to the Danish childcare and vaccination programme (CCP) for children from 0-5 years of age. The CCP consists of seven separate visits and several vaccinations...
January 15, 2018: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334815/impact-of-medication-adherence-on-risk-of-ischemic-stroke-major-bleeding-and-deep-vein-thrombosis-in-atrial-fibrillation-patients-using-novel-oral-anticoagulants
#12
Chinmay G Deshpande, Stephen Kogut, Robert Laforge, Cynthia Willey
OBJECTIVES: Our study examined the impact of adherence to Novel Oral Anticoagulants (dabigatran and rivaroxaban) [NOACs] on ischemic-stroke (IS), major-bleeding (MB), deep-vein-thrombosis and pulmonary-embolism (DVTPE) risk in a large, nationwide, propensity-matched sample. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study utilized data from a US commercial insurance database (2010-2012). Adults patients with ≥1 diagnosis of atrial fibrillation/flutter (ICD-9 427.31/32), >1 prescription of NOACs and CHA2DS2-VASc score ≥1 were included...
January 16, 2018: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333692/measuring-spatial-and-temporal-trends-of-nicotine-and-alcohol-consumption-in-australia-using-wastewater-based-epidemiology
#13
Foon Yin Lai, Coral Gartner, Wayne Hall, Steve Carter, Jake O'Brien, Benjamin J Tscharke, Frederic Been, Cobus Gerber, Jason White, Phong Thai, Raimondo Bruno, Jeremy Prichard, K Paul Kirkbride, Jochen F Mueller
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Tobacco and alcohol consumption remain priority public health issues worldwide. As participation in population-based surveys has fallen, it is increasingly challenging to estimate accurately the prevalence of alcohol and tobacco use. Wastewater-based epidemiology (WBE) is an alternative approach for estimating substance use at the population level that does not rely on survey participation. This study examined spatio-temporal patterns in nicotine (a proxy for tobacco) and alcohol consumption in the Australian population via WBE...
January 14, 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333686/predicting-hypertension-among-korean-cancer-survivors-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#14
Y-H Kim, K-H Cho, K H Kim, E J Ryu, K D Han, J-S Kim
Hypertension is the most common comorbidity among cancer survivors, although there is no model for predicting hypertension in this population. Therefore, we developed a model for predicting hypertension using data from 6,480 Korean cancer survivors who were ≥20 years old. The odds ratios (ORs) for hypertension were calculated using stepwise logistic regression analyses, and a nomogram was generated to predict hypertension. Hypertension was independently associated with an age of ≥65 years (OR: 3.058), male gender (OR: 1...
January 15, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332678/relationship-of-sleep-pattern-and-snoring-with-chronic-disease-findings-from-a-nationwide-population-based-survey
#15
Fakir Md Yunus, Safayet Khan, Dipak K Mitra, Sabuj Kanti Mistry, Kaosar Afsana, Mahfuzar Rahman
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association of total sleep time and presence or absence of snoring with chronic disease among the Bangladeshi adult population. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Urban and rural Bangladesh. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 12,338 men and women aged ≥35 years. MEASUREMENTS: Total sleep time was considered as the total hours of sleep in 24 hours. Furthermore, sleep time was categorized into <7, 7-9, and >9 hours according to National Sleep Foundation (2015) guidelines...
February 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331785/causal-nature-of-neighborhood-deprivation-on-individual-risk-of-coronary-heart-disease-or-ischemic-stroke-a-prospective-national-swedish-co-relative-control-study-in-men-and-women
#16
Per-Ola Forsberg, Henrik Ohlsson, Kristina Sundquist
We studied the association between neighborhood socioeconomic status (SES) and incidence of coronary heart disease (CHD) or ischemic stroke in the total population and in full- and half-siblings to determine whether these associations are causal or a result from familial confounding. Data were retrieved from nationwide Swedish registers containing individual clinical data linked to neighborhood of residence. After adjustment for individual SES, the association between neighborhood SES and CHD showed no decrease with increasing genetic resemblance, particularly in women...
January 10, 2018: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330063/risk-of-ischemic-kidney-injury-in-patients-with-nonarteritic-anterior-ischemic-optic-neuropathy-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#17
Ju-Yeun Lee, Kyung-Ah Park, Sei Yeul Oh
PURPOSE: To investigate the risk of acute tubular necrosis (ATN) in patients with nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION). DESIGN: Population-based cohort study METHODS: This is a nationwide, population-based, retrospective study using data from the Korean national health claims database from 2011 through 2015. Patients with NAION and randomly selected control subjects from the entire Korean population were enrolled. A log rank analysis was used to evaluate a risk of ATN in the group of patients with NAION (study group) compared to an age-, sex-, and comorbidities-matched control group...
January 9, 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327152/the-prevalence-and-impact-of-status-epilepticus-secondary-to-intracerebral-hemorrhage-results-from-the-us-nationwide-inpatient-sample
#18
Amol Mehta, Benjamin E Zusman, Lori A Shutter, Ravi Choxi, Ahmed Yassin, Arun Antony, Parthasarathy D Thirumala
BACKGROUND: Status epilepticus (SE) has been identified as a predictor of morbidity and mortality in many acute brain injury patient populations. We aimed to assess the prevalence and impact of SE after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) in a large patient sample to overcome limitations in previous small patient sample studies. METHODS: We queried the Nationwide Inpatient Sample for patients admitted for ICH from 1999 to 2011, excluding patients with other acute brain injuries...
January 11, 2018: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326960/risk-factors-for-clinician-diagnosed-lyme-arthritis-facial-palsy-carditis-and-meningitis-in-patients-from-high-incidence-states
#19
Natalie A Kwit, Christina A Nelson, Ryan Max, Paul S Mead
Background: Clinical features of Lyme disease (LD) range from localized skin lesions to serious disseminated disease. Information on risk factors for Lyme arthritis, facial palsy, carditis, and meningitis is limited but could facilitate disease recognition and elucidate pathophysiology. Methods: Patients from high-incidence states treated for LD during 2005-2014 were identified in a nationwide insurance claims database using the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision code for LD (088...
January 2018: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325833/treatment-of-graves-disease-in-children-the-portuguese-experience
#20
Olinda Marques, Ana Antunes, Maria João Oliveira
INTRODUCTION: Graves' disease (GD) is an autoimmune thyroid disease, common in adults but rare in children. The best therapeutic approach remains controversial. OBJECTIVES: To ascertain the current treatment of pediatric GD in Portugal and to assess the clinical and biochemical factors that determine definitive/long-term remission after treatment with antithyroid drugs (ATDs). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of data about pediatric GD treatment collected from a nationwide survey conducted by the Portuguese Society of Pediatric Endocrinology and Diabetology from May to August 2013...
January 8, 2018: Endocrinología, Diabetes y Nutrición
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