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Theileria orientalis

Melanie Kauffmann, Steffen Rehbein, Dietmar Hamel, Walburga Lutz, Mike Heddergott, Kurt Pfister, Cornelia Silaghi
Infections with the tick-borne pathogens Anaplasma phagocytophilum and Babesia spp. can cause febrile disease in several mammalian species, including humans. Wild ruminants in Europe are suggested to serve as reservoir hosts for particular strains or species of these pathogens. The aims of this study were to investigate the occurrence of A. phagocytophilum and Babesia spp. in roe deer (Capreolus capreolus), fallow deer (Dama dama) and mouflon (Ovis musimon orientalis) in Germany, and the diversity and host association of genetic variants of A...
August 18, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Probes
Hagos Gebrekidan, Robin B Gasser, Mark A Stevenson, Sean McGrath, Abdul Jabbar
Oriental theileriosis caused by multiple genotypes of Theileria orientalis is an important tick-borne disease of bovines. Here, we assessed the performance of an established multiplexed tandem PCR (MT-PCR) for the diagnosis of the two recognized, pathogenic genotypes (chitose and ikeda) of T. orientalis in cattle using pooled blood samples. We used a total of 265 cattle blood samples, which were divided into two groups according to previous MT-PCR results for individual samples. Samples in group 1 (n = 155) were from a herd with a relatively high prevalence of T...
June 27, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Probes
Júlia A G Silveira, Cairo H S de Oliveira, Bruna T Silvestre, Tatiana T Albernaz, Rômulo C Leite, José D Barbosa, Carlos M C Oliveira, Múcio F B Ribeiro
Approximately 50% of buffalo herds in Brazil are located in Pará state in northern Brazil. There are several properties where cattle and buffalo live and graze together, and thus, buffalo pathogens may threaten the health of cattle and vice versa. Therefore, knowledge of infectious agents of buffalo is essential for maintaining healthy livestock. Clinical disease caused by Theileria and Babesia parasites in the Asian water buffalo is not common, although these animals may act as reservoir hosts, and the detection of these hemoparasites in buffaloes is as important as it is in cattle...
July 2016: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
K E Lawrence, S R Summers, A C G Heath, A M J McFadden, D J Pulford, W E Pomroy
The tick-borne haemoparasite Theileria orientalis is the most important infectious cause of anaemia in New Zealand cattle. Since 2012 a previously unrecorded type, T. orientalis type 2 (Ikeda), has been associated with disease outbreaks of anaemia, lethargy, jaundice and deaths on over 1000 New Zealand cattle farms, with most of the affected farms found in the upper North Island. The aim of this study was to model the relative environmental suitability for T. orientalis transmission throughout New Zealand, to predict the proportion of cattle farms potentially suitable for active T...
July 15, 2016: Veterinary Parasitology
Gayani Weerasooriya, Thillaiampalam Sivakumar, Dinh Thi Bich Lan, Phung Thang Long, Hitoshi Takemae, Ikuo Igarashi, Noboru Inoue, Naoaki Yokoyama
A PCR-based survey of hemoprotozoa parasites detected Babesia bigemina, Theileria orientalis and Trypanosoma theileri among cattle and water buffalo in Vietnam, and a new Babesia sp. closely related to Babesia ovata was detected in cattle only. In addition, Theileria annulata and Trypanosoma evansi were not detected in both cattle and water buffalo. Phylogenetic analysis detected T. orientalis MPSP genotypes 3, 5, 7 and N3 in cattle and 5, 7, N1 and N2 in water buffalo. Additionally, water buffalo-derived T...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
Kyoung-Seong Choi, Do-Hyeon Yu, Joon-Seok Chae, Bae-Keun Park, Jae-Gyu Yoo, Jinho Park
In the current study, we compared seasonal changes in complete blood counts (CBCs) and rates of infection with a tick-borne pathogen between Holstein cattle housed indoors and those maintained outside on pasture. There were differences in white blood cell (WBC) parameters, but the changes were not associated with seasons or the housing type. Analysis of red blood cell (RBC) parameters showed lower values in August and November versus March, and in the cattle maintained on pasture versus the housed cattle. In comparison with the RBC count of the housed cattle in March (10...
May 1, 2016: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
Tatsunori Masatani, Shunpei Yoshihara, Atsuko Matsubara, Takafumi Gotoh, Hideyuki Takahashi, Tetsuya Tanaka, Masako Andoh, Yasuyuki Endo, Tomohide Matsuo
Theirelia orientalis is a tick-borne haemoprotozoan parasite, and infection with this parasite is one of the most important diseases for grazing cattle. Co-infection of cattle with different genotypes of T. orientalis often occurs. In this study, we investigated the temporal dynamics of genotypes in cattle in a year-round grazing system in Japan. Genotype-specific PCR assays to determine major piroplasm surface protein (MPSP) genotypes (types 1 to 5) of T. orientalis were performed by using time-course blood samples collected from grazing cattle and ticks in a pasture...
March 2016: Acta Parasitologica
Parikshit Kakati, Prabhat Chandra Sarmah, Debdatta Ray, Kanta Bhattacharjee, Rajeev Kumar Sharma, Luit Moni Barkalita, Dipak Kumar Sarma, Bhaben Chandra Baishya, Pranjal Borah, Bobitha Stanley
AIM: The aim of the present study was to investigate the presence of Theileria in blood samples of crossbred and indigenous adult cows raised under unorganized small scale farming system in a Babesia and Anaplasma endemic geographical area from Assam, India and to see its transmission through Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus ticks. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For the present study, 57 clinical cases of cattle suspected to be of hemoparasitic infections were taken into consideration...
September 2015: Veterinary World
Hagos Gebrekidan, Robin B Gasser, Gad Baneth, Daniel Yasur-Landau, Yaarit Nachum-Biala, Asrat Hailu, Abdul Jabbar
This study reports the first molecular characterization of Theileria orientalis in local breeds of cattle in Ethiopia. A conventional PCR utilizing major piroplasm surface protein (MPSP) gene and an established multiplexed tandem PCR (MT-PCR) were used to characterize T. orientalis and to assess the infection intensity, respectively. Of 232 blood samples tested, T. orientalis DNA was detected in only 2.2% of samples using conventional PCR; two genotypes buffeli (1.3%; 3/232) and type 5 (0.9%; 2/232) of T. orientalis were detected...
July 2016: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
Akk Proctor, M Ball, P Freeman, C Jenkins, D R Bogema
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of Theileria orientalis infection for Chitose, Ikeda and Buffeli major piroplasm surface protein (MPSP) types at a herd- and animal-level in beef cattle in the North Coast Livestock Health and Pest Authority (NCLHPA) region of New South Wales (NSW). METHODS: A total of 24 beef herds in the NCLHPA region containing more than 100 cattle were randomly selected. Blood samples were collected from five animals per herd and tested using Theileria PCR for Chitose, Buffeli and Ikeda...
April 2016: Australian Veterinary Journal
Hassan Hakimi, Junya Yamagishi, Yuto Kegawa, Osamu Kaneko, Shin-Ichiro Kawazu, Masahito Asada
BACKGROUND: Bovine babesiosis is a tick-borne disease caused by several species of Babesia which produce acute and fatal disease in cattle and affect livestock industry worldwide. Babesia ovata is a benign species widespread in east Asian countries and causes anemia, particularly in cattle which are co-infected with Theileria orientalis. The development of genetic manipulation methods is necessary to improve our understanding of the basic biology of protozoan pathogens toward a better control of disease...
2016: Parasites & Vectors
Gege Qin, Youquan Li, Junlong Liu, Zhijie Liu, Jifei Yang, Lin Zhang, Guangyuan Liu, Guiquan Guan, Jianxun Luo, Hong Yin
Theileriosis continues to threaten the livestock industry worldwide, but comprehensive epidemiological surveys for this disease have not been conducted in the Tibet Plateau Region, China. In this study, we screened 154 cattle blood samples from the Tibet Plateau Region (Lhasa, Lhoka, and Tianzhu), China, for detection of Theileria pathogens by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) with species-specific primers. The results revealed that the prevalence was 6.9 % (2/29) for Theileria orientalis and 27.6 % (8/29) for Theileria sinensis in Lhasa, 0 % (0/30) for T...
July 2016: Parasitology Research
Cheryl Jenkins, Daniel R Bogema
BACKGROUND: Bovine theileriosis caused by Theileria orientalis is an emerging disease of cattle in the Asia-Pacific region where it causes a significant economic burden to meat and milk production. While host immunological responses to the lymphocyte-transforming species of Theileria, T. parva and T. annulata, have been well studied, little is known about the immune response to this non-transforming species. METHODS: We developed a recombinant antigen ELISA based on the major piroplasm surface protein (MPSP) of T...
2016: Parasites & Vectors
K E Lawrence, K Gedye, A M J McFadden, D J Pulford, W E Pomroy
Although only recently recognised, Theileria orientalis (Ikeda) is now the most important infectious cause of anaemia in New Zealand cattle. The aim of this study was to test if vertical transmission of T. orientalis (Ikeda) from dam to calf across the placenta occurs in naturally infected New Zealand dairy cattle and to also test whether the infection status of the dam at calving affects the future susceptibility of its offspring to T. orientalis (Ikeda) infection. Dairy cows (n=97) and their calves were sampled at calving; and the calves again at 4 months of age...
March 15, 2016: Veterinary Parasitology
Jade Frederick Hammer, Cheryl Jenkins, Daniel Bogema, David Emery
BACKGROUND: The intracellular protozoal parasite Theileria orientalis has rapidly spread across South-eastern Australia, substantially impacting local cattle industries since 2006. Haemaphysalis longicornis appears to be a biological vector in the endemic regions. Mechanical transfer of blood by biting arthropods, in colostrum or iatrogenic transmission though husbandry procedures is another possible mode of transmission. This study assesses the risk of these mechanical modes of transmission...
2016: Parasites & Vectors
Sándor Hornok, Nóra Takács, Jenő Kontschán, Zsolt György, Attila Micsutka, Serena Iceton, Barbara Flaisz, Róbert Farkas, Regina Hofmann-Lehmann
BACKGROUND: Increasing numbers of genetic variants are being recognized among piroplasms, but the precise taxonomical status, the tick vector and the geographical range of several species or genotypes are still unknown. Bovine piroplasmosis was reported to re-emerge in north-east Hungary. Because Theileria-infection was newly diagnosed in one cattle herd in the same region of the country, the aim of this study was to molecularly identify the relevant agent, to find its local vector tick species, and to examine the range of Babesia/Theileria spp...
2015: Parasites & Vectors
D J Pulford, Amj McFadden, J S Hamilton, J Donald
CASE HISTORY AND CLINICAL FINDINGS: On 7 September 2012 the Ministry for Primary Industries was notified of a dairy cow with regenerative anaemia (haematocrit (HCT) 0.08 L/L) in a herd of 465 Jersey-Friesian cross cows (index case herd) in the Northland region of New Zealand. Organisms consistent with Theileria spp. were present in red blood cells on a blood smear. No other causes of anaemia were detected following examination of affected cows. Blood samples collected from 29 randomly selected cows on 26 September 2012 showed that 24 (83%) were anaemic (HCT≤0...
January 2016: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
Kulangara Vinodkumar, Varikkottil Shyma, Davis Kollannur Justin, Sivasailam Ashok, Joseph Parassery Anu, Kattilveetil Mini, Varikkottil Muhammedkutty, Suchithra Sasidharan, Sunanda Chullipparambil
Fifteen dairy buffaloes of a farm in the state of Kerala, India developed fatal oriental theileriosis within 2 months of their procurement. Typical piroplasms of Theileria orientalis were observed in the erythrocytes of all affected animals by Giemsa-Leishman staining of blood smears. Case fatality rate was 87·5% (seven out of eight) in the clinically progressed cases. Therapeutic management with anti-theilerial drugs buparvaquone and oxytetracycline led to recovery of seven other animals in less advanced stages of the disease...
January 2016: Parasitology
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