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Iron AND Child development

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329244/infant-development-at-the-age-of-6-months-in-relation-to-feeding-practices-iron-status-and-growth-in-a-peri-urban-community-of-south-africa
#1
Marinel Rothman, Mieke Faber, Namukolo Covic, Tonderayi M Matsungo, Marike Cockeran, Jane D Kvalsvig, Cornelius M Smuts
BACKGROUND: Evidence on the association between feeding practices, iron deficiency, anaemia, stunting, and impaired psychomotor development during infancy is limited. This study assessed the association between psychomotor development with early feeding practices, growth, iron status, and anaemia. METHODS: This was cross-sectional baseline data of a randomised controlled trial which included 6-month-old infants and their mothers or primary caregivers (n = 750) in a peri-urban community in the North West province of South Africa...
January 12, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223314/child-physical-abuse-non-anemic-iron-deficiency-and-behavior-problems
#2
Naixue Cui, Xiaopeng Ji, Jianghong Liu
PURPOSE: Child abuse is regarded as a life-course social determinant of health problems. However, little is known about the nutritional status of physically abused children and their cumulative effect on child behavior. The present study aimed to examine the non-anemic iron deficiency status of abused children and the combined effect of physical abuse and non-anemic iron deficiency on child behavior in China. METHODS: This cross-sectional study comprised 314 children aged 11-14 (12...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203653/rapid-diagnostic-testing-platform-for-iron-and-vitamin-a-deficiency
#3
Zhengda Lu, Dakota O'Dell, Balaji Srinivasan, Elizabeth Rey, Ruisheng Wang, Sasank Vemulapati, Saurabh Mehta, David Erickson
Micronutrient deficiencies such as those of vitamin A and iron affect a third of the world's population with consequences such as night blindness, higher child mortality, anemia, poor pregnancy outcomes, and reduced work capacity. Many efforts to prevent or treat these deficiencies are hampered by the lack of adequate, accessible, and affordable diagnostic methods that can enable better targeting of interventions. In this work, we demonstrate a rapid diagnostic test and mobile enabled platform for simultaneously quantifying iron (ferritin), vitamin A (retinol-binding protein), and inflammation (C-reactive protein) status...
December 19, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202071/childhood-anemia-in-rural-haiti-the-potential-role-of-community-health-workers
#4
Marie N Séraphin, Chen Xinguang, Mohamed Ag Ayoya, Ismael Ngnie-Teta, Ellen Boldon, Aissa Mamadoultaibou, Jean Ernst Saint-Fleur, Inobert Pierre
Background: Childhood iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is an important contributor to under-five mortality in the developing world. There is evidence that Community Health Worker (CHW) delivered programs to increase maternal knowledge of child health practices may decrease childhood IDA. This study reports findings on the association between a long standing CHW intervention and childhood anemia status in rural Haiti. Methods: Using structural equations and mediation analyses on data from a household-based survey of 621 mother/child dyads, we tested the hypothesis that CHW would have a direct positive effect on maternal knowledge and an indirect effect on childhood anemia in rural Haiti...
2017: Global Health Research and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194402/nutrition-in-the-first-1000-days-ten-practices-to-minimize-obesity-emerging-from-published-science
#5
Angelo Pietrobelli, Massimo Agosti
The prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity has increased in most countries the last decades. Considering this in a simplistic way, we can say that obesity is the result of an imbalance between energy intake and energy expenditure. Moreover, the environment from conception to childhood could influence the child's future health. The first 1000 days of life start with woman's pregnancy, and offer a unique window of opportunity to contribute to obesity prevention. In light of the actual literature, the aim of our article is to discuss a proposal of 10 good practices to minimize obesity in the first 1000 days emerging from published science...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156647/effects-of-nutritional-interventions-during-pregnancy-on-infant-and-child-cognitive-outcomes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Rachael M Taylor, Shanna M Fealy, Alessandra Bisquera, Roger Smith, Clare E Collins, Tiffany-Jane Evans, Alexis J Hure
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies have demonstrated that folate, iodine and iron intake during pregnancy impacts on foetal brain development and cognitive function. However, in human studies, the relationship with other dietary nutrients is less clear. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aims to critically appraise the current literature and meta-analyses results from nutritional interventions during pregnancy that aimed to optimise infant and child cognitive outcomes...
November 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094630/the-role-of-public-health-nutrition-in-achieving-the-sustainable-development-goals-in-the-asia-pacific-region
#7
Colin Binns, Mi Kyung Lee, Wah Yun Low, Alfred Zerfas
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) replaced the Millennium Development Goals (MDCs) in 2015, which included several goals and targets primarily related to nutrition: to eradicate extreme poverty and hunger and to reduce child mortality and improve maternal health. In the Asia-Pacific Academic Consortium for Public Health (APACPH) member countries as a group, infant and child mortality were reduced by more than 65% between 1990 and 2015, achieving the MDG target of two-thirds reduction, although these goals were not achieved by several smaller countries...
October 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057438/selected-trace-elements-concentrations-in-pregnancy-and-their-possible-role-literature-review
#8
Iwona Lewicka, Rafał Kocyłowski, Mariusz Grzesiak, Zuzanna Gaj, Przemysław Oszukowski, Joanna Suliburska
The aim of this study was to review the role of selected trace elements in pregnancy and fetal development. Citations related to the role of iron (Fe), zinc (Zn), manganese (Mn), copper (Cu) and selenium (Se) during pregnancy were searched in PubMed, Medline, Web of Science, using keywords and MeSH terms. Inadequate supply of trace elements can cause abnormalities of fetal development and predispose a child to disorders later on in life. Trace elements are the key elements of complex enzymes responsible for the modulation of the antioxidant defense system of the organism...
2017: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023171/anemia-in-children-prevalence-causes-diagnostic-work-up-and-long-term-consequences
#9
REVIEW
Slimane Allali, Valentine Brousse, Anne-Sylvia Sacri, Martin Chalumeau, Mariane de Montalembert
Anemia in children is a major public health problem throughout the world. It is often multifactorial, iron deficiency being the most frequent etiology. Consequences are diverse and largely under evaluated. Areas covered: This paper briefly reviews the main causes and focus on the potential consequences of acute and chronic anemia in children. Expert commentary: Anemia in children should never be trivialized. Even if iron deficiency is frequently involved, other potentially life-threatening causes are possible and should be looked for...
November 2017: Expert Review of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018582/effect-of-low-dose-versus-higher-dose-antenatal-iron-supplementation-on-child-health-outcomes-at-36-months-of-age-in-viet-nam-longitudinal-follow-up-of-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
Sarah Hanieh, Tran T Ha, Julie A Simpson, Sabine Braat, Tran T Thuy, Thach D Tran, Janet King, Tran Tuan, Jane Fisher, Beverley-Ann Biggs
INTRODUCTION: Intermittent iron-folic acid supplementation (IFA) is currently recommended for pregnant women in populations where anaemia prevalence among pregnant women is <20% or if daily iron is not acceptable. The effect of providing lower doses of antenatal elemental iron through intermittent regimes on longer-term health outcomes in childhood is unclear. METHODS: A prospective cohort study conducted between May 2012 and May 2014 in Viet Nam among children of 36 months of age, born to women previously enrolled in a cluster randomised controlled trial of antenatal micronutrient supplementation (daily IFA (60 mg elemental iron) vs twice-weekly IFA (60 mg elemental iron) vs twice-weekly multiple micronutrient (MMN) supplementation (60 mg elemental iron))...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969632/the-effect-of-holes-in-long-lasting-insecticidal-nets-on-malaria-in-malawi-results-from-a-case-control-study
#11
Anna A Minta, Keren Z Landman, Dyson A Mwandama, Monica P Shah, Jodi L Vanden Eng, James F Sutcliffe, Joseph Chisaka, Kim A Lindblade, Don P Mathanga, Laura C Steinhardt
BACKGROUND: Long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) are a cornerstone of malaria prevention. Holes develop in LLINs over time and compromise their physical integrity, but how holes affect malaria transmission risk is not well known. METHODS: After a nationwide mass LLIN distribution in July 2012, a study was conducted to assess the relationship between LLIN damage and malaria. From March to September 2013, febrile children ages 6-59 months who consistently slept under LLINs (every night for 2 weeks before illness onset) were enrolled in a case-control study at Machinga District Hospital outpatient department...
October 2, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933876/infant-iron-deficiency-child-affect-and-maternal-unresponsiveness-testing-the-long-term-effects-of-functional-isolation
#12
Patricia East, Betsy Lozoff, Estela Blanco, Erin Delker, Jorge Delva, Pamela Encina, Sheila Gahagan
Children who are iron deficient (ID) or iron-deficient anemic (IDA) have been shown to seek and receive less stimulation from their caregivers, contributing to functional isolation. Over time, the reduced interactions between child and caregiver are thought to interfere with the acquisition of normative social competencies and adversely affect the child's development. The current study examined functional isolation in children who were ID or IDA in infancy in relation to social difficulties in middle childhood and problem behaviors in adolescence...
September 21, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857059/water-sanitation-and-hygiene-the-unfinished-agenda-in-the-world-health-organization-south-east-asia-region
#13
Indira Chakravarty, Animesh Bhattacharya, Saurabh K Das
Access to adequate water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) is essential for the health, well-being and dignity of all people. The World Health Organization South-East Asia Region has made considerable progress in WASH provision during the past two decades. However, compared with increases in coverage of improved drinking water, in some parts of the region, access to adequate sanitation remains low, with continued prevalence of open defecation. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) have set ambitious targets for WASH services to be achieved by 2030...
September 2017: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796984/allergens-and-food-additives-including-potentially-harmful-ones-present-in-food-products-that-are-preferred-by-children-and-adolescents
#14
Sandra Budrewicz, Marcin Banaszczak, Jakub Piotrowski, Maja Czerwińska, Ewa Stachowska
INTRODUCTION: The proper development of a child is linked with proper nutrition, including nutritional habits which are formed from childhood. THE AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of the study was to establish a list of the most popular food products among children and to develop a register of potentially dangerous substances on a Facebook website. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A website was created on Facebook. The participants provided lists of favorite dishes or products...
2017: Developmental Period Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782300/associations-between-social-support-psychological-well-being-decision-making-empowerment-infant-and-young-child-feeding-and-nutritional-status-in-ugandan-children-ages-0-to-24%C3%A2-months
#15
Scott B Ickes, Michael Wu, Maia P Mandel, Alison C Roberts
Maternal capabilities-qualities of mothers that enable them to leverage skills and resources into child health-hold potential influence over mother's adoption of child caring practices, including infant and young child feeding. We developed a survey (n = 195) that assessed the associations of 4 dimensions of maternal capabilities (social support, psychological health, decision making, and empowerment) with mothers' infant and young child feeding practices and children's nutritional status in Uganda. Maternal responses were converted to categorical subscales and an overall index...
August 7, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771408/promoting-early-child-development-with-interventions-in-health-and-nutrition-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Tyler Vaivada, Michelle F Gaffey, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
CONTEXT: Although effective health and nutrition interventions for reducing child mortality and morbidity exist, direct evidence of effects on cognitive, motor, and psychosocial development is lacking. OBJECTIVE: To review existing evidence for health and nutrition interventions affecting direct measures of (and pathways to) early child development. DATA SOURCES: Reviews and recent overviews of interventions across the continuum of care and component studies...
August 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760418/energy-and-nutrient-intake-of-infants-and-young-children-in-pastoralist-communities-of-ethiopia
#17
Girma Mengistu, Tibebu Moges, Aregash Samuel, Kaleab Baye
OBJECTIVE: Nutrient intake from complementary foods often is suboptimal in subsistent farming households of developing countries, but little is known about this in pastoralist communities. The aim of this study was to estimate the energy and nutrient intake of children ages 6 to 23 mo living in pastoralist communities of Ethiopia. METHOD: As part of the Ethiopian National Food Consumption Survey, 24-h dietary recall data were collected through in-home interviews from a nationally representative sample...
September 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750335/ironphone-mobile-device-coupled-point-of-care-diagnostics-for-assessment-of-iron-status-by-quantification-of-serum-ferritin
#18
Balaji Srinivasan, Dakota O'Dell, Julia L Finkelstein, Seoho Lee, David Erickson, Saurabh Mehta
Iron deficiency (ID) is an urgent public health problem that has devastating effects on maternal and child health. However, due to poor access and affordability, screening and diagnosis for ID is often limited to proxy hemoglobin measurements alone. Here, we report the development and validation of ironPhone, a mobile-device coupled portable diagnostics for quantification of serum ferritin concentrations, an iron status biomarker, within a few minutes, from a drop of fingerprick blood. The ironPhone diagnostic platform comprises of a smartphone accessory, an app, and a disposable lateral flow immunoassay test strip to quantify serum ferritin...
July 19, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746059/nutrition-micronutrients-in-child-growth-and-development-a-systematic-review-on-current-evidence-recommendations-and-opportunities-for-further-research
#19
Mohammad Yawar Yakoob, Clifford W Lo
OBJECTIVE: An important aspect of malnutrition is deficiency of different micronutrients during pregnancy or early childhood. We systematically reviewed the role of nutrition in child growth (weight or height gain) and development. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was done on PubMed/Cochrane Library browsing through 38,795 abstracts until December 31, 2016 to select systematic reviews/meta-analyses and individual randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of micronutrient supplementation...
October 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622777/-iron-and-neurodevelopment
#20
L Vallée
In the central nervous system, iron is a cofactor of many metabolic processes and synthesis of aminergic neurotransmitters. Iron plays an major function on brain development from the prenatal period to teenage years. The blood-brain barrier modulates concentration of iron in the brain. In case of iron deficiency in the child, the negative impact on the myelinogenesis and synaptogenesis are well proven, with negative effects on psychomotor and cognitive functions. Iron supplementation has a beneficial effect, even if there is no anemia...
May 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
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