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Iron AND Child development

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739374/effectiveness-of-baby-friendly-community-initiative-bfci-on-complementary-feeding-in-koibatek-kenya-a-randomized-control-study
#1
Mildred Maingi, Judith Kimiywe, Sharon Iron-Segev
BACKGROUND: Appropriate infant and young child nutrition is critical for proper growth and development. In order to promote optimal nutrition at an early age, the World Health Organization (WHO) and UNICEF have developed the Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) to address poor breastfeeding practices in maternity wards. However, impact is limited in less developed countries like Kenya, where more than half of all births are home deliveries. Therefore, Kenya has explored the adoption of Baby Friendly Community Initiative (BFCI) in its rural settings...
May 8, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729108/high-prevalence-of-anemia-in-10-month-old-japanese-infants-with-breastfeeding
#2
Masahiko Kimura, Youichi Kurozawa, Yumi Saito, Hiroshi Watanabe, Ayame Kobayashi, Takeshi Taketani
BACKGROUND: Anemia in infancy is still prevalent in developing countries. Commercial iron-fortified complementary foods or iron drops are not available in Japan and breastfed infants have a higher risk of anemia. We studied anemia screening in infants in 10-month old infants and evaluated whether breastfeeding is a risk factor for anemia. METHODS: Anemia screening was performed during a regular health check of 10-month children at four local pediatric clinics in Shimane prefecture, Japan...
May 5, 2018: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724233/baby-led-weaning-what-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature-adds-on
#3
REVIEW
Enza D'Auria, Marcello Bergamini, Annamaria Staiano, Giuseppe Banderali, Erica Pendezza, Francesca Penagini, Gian Vincenzo Zuccotti, Diego Giampietro Peroni
The term weaning describes the time period in which a progressive reduction of breastfeeding or the feeding of infant-formula takes place while the infant is gradually introduced to solid foods. It is a crucial time in an infant's life as not only does it involve with a great deal of rapid change for the child, but it is also associated with the development of food preferences, eating behaviours and body weight in childhood and also in adolescence and adulthood.Therefore, how a child is weaned may have an influence later, on the individual's entire life...
May 3, 2018: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613921/markers-of-environmental-enteric-dysfunction-are-associated-with-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-in-tanzanian-children
#4
Analee J Etheredge, Karim Manji, Mark Kellogg, Hao Tran, Enju Liu, Christine M McDonald, Rodrick Kisenge, Said Aboud, Wafaie Fawzi, David Bellinger, Andrew T Gewirtz, Christopher P Duggan
BACKGROUND: Chronic exposure to enteropathogens may result in environmental enteric dysfunction (EED), a subclinical condition associated with poor child growth. Growth faltering is strongly associated with poor neurodevelopment, and occurs during sensitive periods of postnatal brain development. We investigated the role of novel EED biomarkers, systemic inflammation, and micronutrient status on neurodevelopment in Tanzanian children. METHODS: Non-stunted subjects with 6-week and 6-month blood samples and neurodevelopmental measures (n = 107) were included in this study...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415730/effect-of-nutrient-supplementation-on-the-acquisition-of-humoral-immunity-to-plasmodium-falciparum-in-young-malawian-children
#5
Priyanka Barua, Upeksha P Chandrasiri, James G Beeson, Kathryn G Dewey, Kenneth Maleta, Per Ashorn, Stephen J Rogerson
BACKGROUND: There is evidence that suggests that undernutrition has a detrimental effect on malarial immunity in children. The aim of the study was to discover whether nutrient supplementation improved development of malarial antibody immunity in children up to 18 months of age. METHODS: The study was conducted with a subset of 432 Malawian children from a randomized controlled trial of nutritional supplements. The arms included pre- and postnatal small-quantity lipid-based nutrient supplements for both mother and child; prenatal supplementation with iron and folic acid; and pre- and postnatal supplementation with multiple micronutrients...
February 7, 2018: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391590/measures-of-low-food-variety-and-poor-dietary-quality-in-a-cross-sectional-study-of-london-school-children
#6
Cel Evans, J Hutchinson, M S Christian, N Hancock, J E Cade
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The use of simple screening tools to measure nutritional adequacy in a public health context in developed countries are currently lacking. We explore the relationship between food variety and nutrient intake of London school children using a simple tool with potential use for screening for inadequate diets. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was carried out in 2010. The survey included 2579 children aged 7-10 years in 52 primary schools in East London in the United Kingdom...
February 1, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364424/-effect-of-anemia-on-child-development-long-term-consequences
#7
Nelly Zavaleta, Laura Astete-Robilliard
Anemia in children younger than 3 years is a public health problem in Peru and worldwide. It is believed that one of the primary causes of anemia is iron deficiency. Numerous studies and reviews have reported that iron deficiency limited psychomotor development in children and that, despite the correction of anemia, children with iron deficiency experienced poorer long-term performance in cognitive, social, and emotional functioning. These outcomes were reported in observational studies, follow-up studies, and experimental studies with a control group...
October 2017: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358479/advocacy-for-improving-nutrition-in-the-first-1000-days-to-support-childhood-development-and-adult-health
#8
Sarah Jane Schwarzenberg, Michael K Georgieff
Maternal prenatal nutrition and the child's nutrition in the first 2 years of life (1000 days) are crucial factors in a child's neurodevelopment and lifelong mental health. Child and adult health risks, including obesity, hypertension, and diabetes, may be programmed by nutritional status during this period. Calories are essential for growth of both fetus and child but are not sufficient for normal brain development. Although all nutrients are necessary for brain growth, key nutrients that support neurodevelopment include protein; zinc; iron; choline; folate; iodine; vitamins A, D, B6 , and B12 ; and long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids...
February 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352590/allergic-proctocolitis-is-a-risk-factor-for-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-in-children
#9
Giovanni Di Nardo, Cesare Cremon, Simone Frediani, Sandra Lucarelli, Maria Pia Villa, Vincenzo Stanghellini, Giuseppe La Torre, Luigi Martemucci, Giovanni Barbara
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that allergic proctocolitis, a cause of self-limiting rectal bleeding in infants, can predispose to the development of functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) later in childhood. STUDY DESIGN: We studied a cohort of 80 consecutive patients diagnosed with allergic proctocolitis. Their sibling or matched children presenting to the same hospital for minor trauma served as controls. Parents of the patients with allergic proctocolitis and controls participated in a telephone interview every 12 months until the child was at least 4 years old...
April 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329244/infant-development-at-the-age-of-6-months-in-relation-to-feeding-practices-iron-status-and-growth-in-a-peri-urban-community-of-south-africa
#10
Marinel Rothman, Mieke Faber, Namukolo Covic, Tonderayi M Matsungo, Marike Cockeran, Jane D Kvalsvig, Cornelius M Smuts
BACKGROUND: Evidence on the association between feeding practices, iron deficiency, anaemia, stunting, and impaired psychomotor development during infancy is limited. This study assessed the association between psychomotor development with early feeding practices, growth, iron status, and anaemia. METHODS: This was cross-sectional baseline data of a randomised controlled trial which included 6-month-old infants and their mothers or primary caregivers ( n = 750) in a peri-urban community in the North West province of South Africa...
January 12, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223314/child-physical-abuse-non-anemic-iron-deficiency-and-behavior-problems
#11
Naixue Cui, Xiaopeng Ji, Jianghong Liu
PURPOSE: Child abuse is regarded as a life-course social determinant of health problems. However, little is known about the nutritional status of physically abused children and their cumulative effect on child behavior. The present study aimed to examine the non-anemic iron deficiency status of abused children and the combined effect of physical abuse and non-anemic iron deficiency on child behavior in China. METHODS: This cross-sectional study comprised 314 children aged 11-14 (12...
March 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203653/rapid-diagnostic-testing-platform-for-iron-and-vitamin-a-deficiency
#12
Zhengda Lu, Dakota O'Dell, Balaji Srinivasan, Elizabeth Rey, Ruisheng Wang, Sasank Vemulapati, Saurabh Mehta, David Erickson
Micronutrient deficiencies such as those of vitamin A and iron affect a third of the world's population with consequences such as night blindness, higher child mortality, anemia, poor pregnancy outcomes, and reduced work capacity. Many efforts to prevent or treat these deficiencies are hampered by the lack of adequate, accessible, and affordable diagnostic methods that can enable better targeting of interventions. In this work, we demonstrate a rapid diagnostic test and mobile enabled platform for simultaneously quantifying iron (ferritin), vitamin A (retinol-binding protein), and inflammation (C-reactive protein) status...
December 19, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202071/childhood-anemia-in-rural-haiti-the-potential-role-of-community-health-workers
#13
Marie N Séraphin, Chen Xinguang, Mohamed Ag Ayoya, Ismael Ngnie-Teta, Ellen Boldon, Aissa Mamadoultaibou, Jean Ernst Saint-Fleur, Inobert Pierre
Background: Childhood iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is an important contributor to under-five mortality in the developing world. There is evidence that Community Health Worker (CHW) delivered programs to increase maternal knowledge of child health practices may decrease childhood IDA. This study reports findings on the association between a long standing CHW intervention and childhood anemia status in rural Haiti. Methods: Using structural equations and mediation analyses on data from a household-based survey of 621 mother/child dyads, we tested the hypothesis that CHW would have a direct positive effect on maternal knowledge and an indirect effect on childhood anemia in rural Haiti...
2017: Global Health Research and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194402/nutrition-in-the-first-1000-days-ten-practices-to-minimize-obesity-emerging-from-published-science
#14
Angelo Pietrobelli, Massimo Agosti
The prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity has increased in most countries the last decades. Considering this in a simplistic way, we can say that obesity is the result of an imbalance between energy intake and energy expenditure. Moreover, the environment from conception to childhood could influence the child's future health. The first 1000 days of life start with woman's pregnancy, and offer a unique window of opportunity to contribute to obesity prevention. In light of the actual literature, the aim of our article is to discuss a proposal of 10 good practices to minimize obesity in the first 1000 days emerging from published science...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156647/effects-of-nutritional-interventions-during-pregnancy-on-infant-and-child-cognitive-outcomes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Rachael M Taylor, Shanna M Fealy, Alessandra Bisquera, Roger Smith, Clare E Collins, Tiffany-Jane Evans, Alexis J Hure
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies have demonstrated that folate, iodine and iron intake during pregnancy impacts on foetal brain development and cognitive function. However, in human studies, the relationship with other dietary nutrients is less clear. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aims to critically appraise the current literature and meta-analyses results from nutritional interventions during pregnancy that aimed to optimise infant and child cognitive outcomes...
November 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094630/the-role-of-public-health-nutrition-in-achieving-the-sustainable-development-goals-in-the-asia-pacific-region
#16
Colin Binns, Mi Kyung Lee, Wah Yun Low, Alfred Zerfas
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) replaced the Millennium Development Goals (MDCs) in 2015, which included several goals and targets primarily related to nutrition: to eradicate extreme poverty and hunger and to reduce child mortality and improve maternal health. In the Asia-Pacific Academic Consortium for Public Health (APACPH) member countries as a group, infant and child mortality were reduced by more than 65% between 1990 and 2015, achieving the MDG target of two-thirds reduction, although these goals were not achieved by several smaller countries...
October 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057438/selected-trace-elements-concentrations-in-pregnancy-and-their-possible-role-literature-review
#17
Iwona Lewicka, Rafał Kocyłowski, Mariusz Grzesiak, Zuzanna Gaj, Przemysław Oszukowski, Joanna Suliburska
The aim of this study was to review the role of selected trace elements in pregnancy and fetal development. Citations related to the role of iron (Fe), zinc (Zn), manganese (Mn), copper (Cu) and selenium (Se) during pregnancy were searched in PubMed, Medline, Web of Science, using keywords and MeSH terms. Inadequate supply of trace elements can cause abnormalities of fetal development and predispose a child to disorders later on in life. Trace elements are the key elements of complex enzymes responsible for the modulation of the antioxidant defense system of the organism...
2017: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023171/anemia-in-children-prevalence-causes-diagnostic-work-up-and-long-term-consequences
#18
REVIEW
Slimane Allali, Valentine Brousse, Anne-Sylvia Sacri, Martin Chalumeau, Mariane de Montalembert
Anemia in children is a major public health problem throughout the world. It is often multifactorial, iron deficiency being the most frequent etiology. Consequences are diverse and largely under evaluated. Areas covered: This paper briefly reviews the main causes and focus on the potential consequences of acute and chronic anemia in children. Expert commentary: Anemia in children should never be trivialized. Even if iron deficiency is frequently involved, other potentially life-threatening causes are possible and should be looked for...
November 2017: Expert Review of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018582/effect-of-low-dose-versus-higher-dose-antenatal-iron-supplementation-on-child-health-outcomes-at-36-months-of-age-in-viet-nam-longitudinal-follow-up-of-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Sarah Hanieh, Tran T Ha, Julie A Simpson, Sabine Braat, Tran T Thuy, Thach D Tran, Janet King, Tran Tuan, Jane Fisher, Beverley-Ann Biggs
INTRODUCTION: Intermittent iron-folic acid supplementation (IFA) is currently recommended for pregnant women in populations where anaemia prevalence among pregnant women is <20% or if daily iron is not acceptable. The effect of providing lower doses of antenatal elemental iron through intermittent regimes on longer-term health outcomes in childhood is unclear. METHODS: A prospective cohort study conducted between May 2012 and May 2014 in Viet Nam among children of 36 months of age, born to women previously enrolled in a cluster randomised controlled trial of antenatal micronutrient supplementation (daily IFA (60 mg elemental iron) vs twice-weekly IFA (60 mg elemental iron) vs twice-weekly multiple micronutrient (MMN) supplementation (60 mg elemental iron))...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969632/the-effect-of-holes-in-long-lasting-insecticidal-nets-on-malaria-in-malawi-results-from-a-case-control-study
#20
Anna A Minta, Keren Z Landman, Dyson A Mwandama, Monica P Shah, Jodi L Vanden Eng, James F Sutcliffe, Joseph Chisaka, Kim A Lindblade, Don P Mathanga, Laura C Steinhardt
BACKGROUND: Long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) are a cornerstone of malaria prevention. Holes develop in LLINs over time and compromise their physical integrity, but how holes affect malaria transmission risk is not well known. METHODS: After a nationwide mass LLIN distribution in July 2012, a study was conducted to assess the relationship between LLIN damage and malaria. From March to September 2013, febrile children ages 6-59 months who consistently slept under LLINs (every night for 2 weeks before illness onset) were enrolled in a case-control study at Machinga District Hospital outpatient department...
October 2, 2017: Malaria Journal
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