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Nrf2 AND rutin

Xiaoming Wang, Xiaohong Zhao, Ting Feng, Gang Jin, Zhenjiang Li
Diabetic nephropathy is a progressive kidney disease caused by damage to the capillaries in the glomeruli. Endothelial dysfunction is an early sign of diabetic cardiovascular disease and may contribute to progressive diabetic nephropathy. Hyperglycemia-induced endothelial hyperpermeability is crucial to diabetic nephropathy. Rutin has beneficial effects on diabetic nephropathy, but the exact mechanisms of its protective effect remain elusive. The aim of this study was to assess the role of pretreatment with rutin in an in vitro model of hyperglycemia-induced barrier dysfunction in human renal glomerular endothelial cells...
September 2016: Planta Medica
Raymond Ebabe Elle, Saher Rahmani, Céline Lauret, Marion Morena, Luc Philippe Régis Bidel, Abdelhay Boulahtouf, Patrick Balaguer, Jean-Paul Cristol, Jean-Olivier Durand, Clarence Charnay, Eric Badia
Mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) were covalently coated with antioxidant molecules, namely, caffeic acid (MSN-CAF) or rutin (MSN-RUT), in order to diminish the impact of oxidative stress induced after transfection into cells, thus generating safer carriers used for either drug delivery or other applications. Two cellular models involved in the entry of NPs in the body were used for this purpose: the intestinal Caco-2 and the epidermal HaCaT cell lines. Rutin gave the best results in terms of antioxidant capacities preservation during coupling procedures, cellular toxicity alleviation, and decrease of ROS level after 24 h incubation of cells with grafted nanoparticles...
August 1, 2016: Molecular Pharmaceutics
Juilee Patwardhan, Purvi Bhatt
BACKGROUND: Ultraviolet-B (UV-B) radiation is a smaller fraction of the total radiation reaching the Earth but leads to extensive damage to the deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and other biomolecules through formation of free radicals altering redox homeostasis of the cell. Abelmoschus esculentus (okra) has been known in Ayurveda as antidiabetic, hypolipidemic, demulscent, antispasmodic, diuretic, purgative, etc. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the protective effect of flavonoids from A...
May 2016: Pharmacognosy Magazine
Deepa Ajit, Agnes Simonyi, Runting Li, Zihong Chen, Mark Hannink, Kevin L Fritsche, Valeri V Mossine, Robert E Smith, Thomas K Dobbs, Rensheng Luo, William R Folk, Zezong Gu, Dennis B Lubahn, Gary A Weisman, Grace Y Sun
The increase in oxidative stress and inflammatory responses associated with neurodegenerative diseases has drawn considerable attention towards understanding the transcriptional signaling pathways involving NF-κB (nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells) and Nrf2 (Nuclear Factor Erythroid 2-like 2). Our recent studies with immortalized murine microglial cells (BV-2) demonstrated effects of botanical polyphenols to inhibit lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced nitric oxide (NO) and enhance Nrf2-mediated antioxidant responses (Sun et al...
July 2016: Neurochemistry International
Anyamanee Chaiprasongsuk, Tasanee Onkoksoong, Thanyawan Pluemsamran, Saowalak Limsaengurai, Uraiwan Panich
Dietary phenolics may play a protective role in UV-mediated skin pigmentation through their antioxidant and UV-absorbing actions. In this study, we investigated whether genetic silencing of Nrf2, regulating the transcription of antioxidant genes, affected melanogenesis in primary human epidermal melanocytes (HEMn) and B16F10 melanoma cells subjected to UVA (8J/cm(2)) exposure. Then, we explored the antimelanogenic actions of phenolics; caffeic acid (CA) and ferulic acid (FA) providing partial UVA protection; quercetin (QU) and rutin (RU) providing strong UVA protection and; avobenzone (AV), an efficient UVA filter, in association with modulation of Nrf2-mediated antioxidant defenses in response to UVA insults in B16F10 cells...
August 2016: Redox Biology
Ruifeng Tian, Wenqing Yang, Qiang Xue, Liang Gao, Junli Huo, Dongqing Ren, Xiaoyan Chen
Rutin exhibits antidiabetic, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, which makes rutin an attractive candidate for diabetic complications. The present study was designed to investigate the potential effect of rutin on diabetic neuropathy. After induction of diabetic neuropathy, rutin (5mg/kg, 25mg/kg and 50mg/kg) were daily given to the diabetic rats for 2 weeks. At the end of rutin administration, rutin produced a significant inhibition of mechanical hyperalgesia, thermal hyperalgesia and cold allodynia, as well as partial restoration of nerve conduction velocities in diabetic rats...
January 15, 2016: European Journal of Pharmacology
Yu-Ra Son, Eun-Hye Choi, Goon-Tae Kim, Tae-Sik Park, Soon-Mi Shim
The aims of this study were to determine bioactive components of Graviola leaf extracts and to examine the radical scavenging capacity, gene expression and transcription factors of antioxidant enzymes. Rutin, kaempferol-rutinoside, and vitamin U were identified from the steaming and 50% EtOH extracts of Graviola leaves. Graviola leaf extracts effectively scavenged peroxy and nitrogen radicals. 50% EtOH of Graviola leaves provided a 1-2.9 times higher trolox equivalent than the steaming extract. It also had a higher VCEAC...
February 2016: Food & Function
Jae-Young Je, Da-Bin Lee
Naturally occurring phenolic compounds are widely found in plants. Here, the phenolic composition and hepatoprotective effect of the butanolic extract (BE) from Nelumbo nucifera leaves against H2O2-induced hepatic damage in cultured hepatocytes were investigated. BE showed high total phenol and flavonoid contents, and major phenolic compounds are quercetin, catechin, ferulic acid, rutin, and protocatechuic acid by HPLC analysis. BE effectively scavenged 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and 2,2-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzthiazoline)-6-sulfonic acid (ABTS) cation radicals (IC50 values of 5...
June 2015: Food & Function
A Dutta, M L Gupta, B Kalita
This study is aimed at the development of a safe radioprotective formulation to minimize human sufferings during accidental nuclear exposures. In the current study, a combination of three active principles, namely podophyllotoxin, podophyllotoxin beta-D-glucoside, and rutin (G-002M), isolated from Podophyllum hexandrum rhizomes, has been evaluated for its radioprotective potential and mode of action. Total body protection studies have demonstrated that a single prophylactic dose of G-002M delivered more than 85% survival in mice exposed to a lethal (9 Gy) dose of gamma radiation, and significantly protected the radiosensitive hematopoietic and gastrointestinal organs...
March 2015: Free Radical Research
Pin-Ho Pan, Shih-Yi Lin, Ya-Yu Wang, Wen-Ying Chen, Yu-Han Chuang, Chih-Cheng Wu, Chun-Jung Chen
Rutin has been shown to possess beneficial health effects, including hepatoprotection. However, to date, it has not been demonstrated to have a hepatoprotective effect against cholestatic liver injury. This is the first report to show a protective effect of rutin on cholestatic liver injury. Cholestasis was produced by bile duct ligation (BDL) in male Sprague-Dawley rats for 3 weeks. Daily oral administration of rutin was started 1 week before injury and was maintained for 4 weeks. In comparison with the control group, the BDL group showed liver injury as evidenced by histological changes and elevation in serum biochemicals, ductular reaction, fibrosis, inflammation, and oxidative stress...
August 2014: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Robert Domitrović, Hrvoje Jakovac, Vanja Vasiljev Marchesi, Sanda Vladimir-Knežević, Olga Cvijanović, Zarko Tadić, Zeljko Romić, Dario Rahelić
AIM: To investigate the mechanisms underlying the protective effects of quercetin-rutinoside (rutin) and its aglycone quercetin against CCl(4)-induced liver damage in mice. METHODS: BALB/cN mice were intraperitoneally administered rutin (10, 50, and 150 mg/kg) or quercetin (50 mg/kg) once daily for 5 consecutive days, followed by the intraperitoneal injection of CCl(4) in olive oil (2 mL/kg, 10% v/v). The animals were sacrificed 24 h later. Blood was collected for measuring the activities of ALT and AST, and the liver was excised for assessing Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, GSH and protein concentrations and also for immunoblotting...
October 2012: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
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