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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166685/-evaluation-of-inpatient-conservative-management-of-acute-subacute-and-chronic-back-pain
#1
Ingo Haase, Kilian Haase, Bernd Kladny
Background Backache is very common in the German population. It is a common reason for people to seek medical advice and specific back pain programs have been developed. The intention of this study is to evaluate the short and long term effects of conservative management of back pain in a German general hospital. Outcomes of interest were pain intensity, interference in daily functions, physical functioning and health related quality of life. Patients and Methods We examined 1010 patients with acute, subacute and chronic back pain, admitted to inpatient nonsurgical interventional therapy in a German hospital between July 2013 and July 2015...
November 22, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166664/is-there-a-reasonable-excuse-for-not-providing-post-operative-analgesia-when-using-animal-models-of-peripheral-neuropathic-pain-for-research-purposes
#2
Sara Hestehave, Gordon Munro, Rie Christensen, Tina Brønnum Pedersen, Lars Arvastson, Philip Hougaard, Klas S P Abelson
INTRODUCTION: The induction of neuropathic pain-like behaviors in rodents often requires surgical intervention. This engages acute nociceptive signaling events that contribute to pain and stress post-operatively that from a welfare perspective demands peri-operative analgesic treatment. However, a large number of researchers avoid providing such care based largely on anecdotal opinions that it might interfere with model pathophysiology in the longer term. OBJECTIVES: To investigate effects of various peri-operative analgesic regimens encapsulating different mechanisms and duration of action, on the development of post-operative stress/welfare and pain-like behaviors in the Spared Nerve Injury (SNI)-model of neuropathic pain...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166575/chemical-characterization-and-pharmacological-assessment-of-cashew-gum-extract-anacardium-occidentale-l-polysaccharide-free
#3
Daiany Priscilla Bueno da Silva, Iziara Ferreira Florentino, Lorrane Kelle da Silva Moreira, Adriane Ferreira Brito, Verônica Vale Carvalho, Géssica Adriana Vasconcelos, Boniek Gontijo Vaz, Marcus Antônio Pereira-Junior, Kátia Flávia Fernandes, Elson Alves Costa
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The cashew gum (Anacardium occidentale L.) is used in Brazilian traditional medicine in the treatment of inflammatory conditions, asthma, diabetes, and gastrointestinal disturbs. AIM OF THE STUDY: The present study was aimed the chemical characterization and the investigation of the antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory activities of cashew gum aqueous extract without the presence of polysaccharides in its composition (CGE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The CGE was obtained after precipitation and removal of polysaccharides using acetone...
November 19, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166496/recurrent-aphthous-stomatitis-in-18-year-old-adolescents-prevalence-and-associated-factors-a-population-based-study
#4
Paulo Ricardo Martins de Souza, Rodrigo Pereira Duquia, Juliano de Avelar Breunig, Hiram Larangeira de Almeida
BACKGROUND: Recurrent aphthous stomatitis is a painful disorder of unknown etiology. It is among the most common oral mucosal lesions with high prevalence among young adults. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a population-based study with 18-year-old army recruiters to assess its prevalence and associated factors in male adolescents. METHODS: Interview during clinical examination in the army. RESULTS: In this group (2,427 interviewed adolescents) there was a RAS prevalence of 24...
September 2017: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166447/prevalence-and-clinical-profile-of-chronic-pain-and-its-association-with-mental-disorders
#5
Flávia Garcia Pereira, Mariane Henriques França, Maria Cristina Alochio de Paiva, Laura Helena Andrade, Maria Carmen Viana
OBJECTIVE: To identify the prevalence of 12-month self-reported pain and chronic pain in a general population and to describe their clinical profile to assess if chronic pain is associated with 12-month mental disorders. METHODS: The data used comes from the São Paulo Megacity Mental Health Survey, a population-based study assessing adult (≥ 18 years) residents of the São Paulo metropolitan area, Brazil. We have assessed the respondents (n = 5,037) using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI 3...
November 17, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166348/the-economics-of-prepectoral-breast-reconstruction
#6
Scot Bradley Glasberg
The world of breast reconstruction over the last several years has seen a dramatic shift in focus to discussion and the application of placing tissue expanders and implants back into the prepectoral space. Although this technique failed during the early advent of breast reconstruction, newer technologies such as advances in fat grafting, improved acellular dermal matrices, better methods of assessing breast flap viability, and enhanced implants appear to have set the stage for the resurgence and positive early results seen with this technique...
December 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166342/important-considerations-for-performing-prepectoral-breast-reconstruction
#7
Hani Sbitany
Prepectoral breast reconstruction has emerged as an excellent technique for postmastectomy reconstruction, as it allows for full preservation of a patient's pectoralis major muscle and chest wall function. This reduces pain, eliminates animation deformity, and results in high patient satisfaction. Safely performed prepectoral breast reconstruction requires a careful patient selection process before committing to the procedure, taking into account comorbidities, radiation status, and oncologic criteria such as tumor location and breast cancer stage...
December 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166202/the-effectiveness-of-distraction-cartoon-patterned-clothes-and-bubble-blowing-on-pain-and-anxiety-in-preschool-children-during-venipuncture-in-the-emergency-department
#8
Made Pande Lilik Lestari, Dessie Wanda, Happy Hayati
In preschool children, venipuncture is considered a bodily threat that can cause pain and anxiety, as well as being a traumatic experience. If the pain and anxiety felt by a child during a venipuncture is not addressed properly, it can result in a traumatic experience, and traumatic events in childhood can have long-term consequences. Atraumatic treatment in the emergency department has been little explored in previous research; therefore, the present study assessed the effectiveness of using the distractions of cartoon-patterned clothes and bubble-blowing on the pain and anxiety of preschool children during venipuncture in the emergency department...
2017: Compr Child Adolesc Nurs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165784/interventions-for-managing-skeletal-muscle-spasticity-following-traumatic-brain-injury
#9
REVIEW
Anneliese Synnot, Marisa Chau, Veronica Pitt, Denise O'Connor, Russell L Gruen, Jason Wasiak, Ornella Clavisi, Loyal Pattuwage, Kate Phillips
BACKGROUND: Skeletal muscle spasticity is a major physical complication resulting from traumatic brain injury (TBI), which can lead to muscle contracture, joint stiffness, reduced range of movement, broken skin and pain. Treatments for spasticity include a range of pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions, often used in combination. Management of spasticity following TBI varies from other clinical populations because of the added complexity of behavioural and cognitive issues associated with TBI...
November 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165720/-relationship-strain-parkinson-s-disease-gender-specific-distress-of-partners-of-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#10
Christoph Braukhaus, Uwe Jahnke, Tanja Zimmermann
A Parkinson's disease is attended by high strain for the patients and an obvious loss of relationship functioning. Partners of patients (N=110) were evaluated via self-assessment in terms of own depression (PHQ-9), own fear of progression (PA-F-P-KF), relationship quality (PFB) as well as perceived deficits in everyday life and nonverbal communication. 26% of women and 11% of men showed depression scores, 51% of women and 41% of men dysfunctional fear of progression and about 60% were unsatisfied with their relationship...
November 17, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165703/effects-of-neonatal-pain-and-temperament-on-attention-problems-in-toddlers-born-preterm
#11
Claudia M Gaspardo, Rafaela G M Cassiano, Sofia M A Gracioli, Guilherme C B Furini, Maria Beatriz M Linhares
Objective: To examine the effects of individual characteristics of neonates and neonatal pain-related stress on attention problems and externalizing behavior problems of toddlers born preterm, analyzing the moderating effects of the dispositional traits of temperament. Methods: The sample included 62 toddlers aged 18-36 months and their mothers. The mothers were interviewed using the Child Behavior Checklist 1.5-5 for toddlers' attention and externalizing behavior problems assessment, the Early Childhood Behavior Questionnaire for toddlers' temperament assessment, and the Adult Temperament Questionnaire for their temperament assessment...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165689/oculomotor-disturbances-in-patients-with-chronic-nonspecific-spinal-pain
#12
Ruth Ruscheweyh, Antonia Fritz, Thomas Eggert, Shahnaz-Christina Azad, Andreas Straube
Objective: There is increasing evidence that the cerebellum has a role in pain processing. The present study investigates whether chronic pain patients, who are likely to have altered pain processing, exhibit signs of subtle cerebellar dysfunction. We used oculomotor tasks to assess dysfunction of the associated neuronal networks, including the cerebellum. Methods: Thirty patients with chronic nonspecific spinal pain and 30 age- and sex-matched controls were enrolled...
November 18, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165106/the-impact-of-different-lenses-on-visual-and-musculoskeletal-complaints-in-vdu-workers-with-work-related-neck-complaints-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Barbara Cagnie, Kayleigh De Meulemeester, Lieselotte Saeys, Lieven Danneels, Liesbet Vandenbulcke, Birgit Castelein
OBJECTIVES: The impact of wearing lenses on visual and musculoskeletal complaints in VDU workers is currently unknown. The goal of this study was 1) to evaluate the impact of wearing VDU lenses on visual fatigue and self-reported neck pain and disability, compared to progressive lenses, and 2) to measure the effect of both lenses on head inclination and pressure pain thresholds during the performance of a VDU task. METHODS: Thirty-five eligible subjects were randomly assigned to wear progressive VDU lenses (VDU group) (n = 18) or progressive lenses (P group) (n = 17)...
March 16, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165006/effect-of-non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-on-postoperative-respiratory-and-heart-rate-in-cats-subjected-to-ovariohysterectomy
#14
Odd V Höglund, Barbara Dyall, Victoria Gräsman, Anna Edner, Ulf Olsson, Katja Höglund
Objectives The use of physiological parameters such as respiratory rate and heart rate to assess pain has long been discussed. The aim of the study was to compare postoperative respiratory rate and heart rate in cats subjected to flank ovariohysterectomy treated with a preoperative non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) or no NSAID, and determine whether these parameters are suitable for postoperative pain assessment in cats. We hypothesised that cats without an NSAID would experience more postoperative pain, which may increase heart rate and respiratory rate...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164993/comparative-effects-of-meditation-and-exercise-on-physical-and-psychosocial-health-outcomes-a-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#15
Meghan K Edwards, Paul D Loprinzi
OBJECTIVE: No review papers have examined studies that have directly compared non-active forms of meditation with exercise to evaluate effects on physical or psychosocial outcomes, which was the purpose of this paper. METHODS: Studies were included if they had a randomized controlled trial (RCT) design, included a non-active form of meditation and exercise as intervention arms, and evaluated physical or psychosocial outcomes. The quality of included RCTs was rated using the Cochrane Collaboration's tool for assessing risk of bias in randomized trials...
November 22, 2017: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164932/development-of-the-spanish-language-houston-pain-outcome-instrument-for-spanish-speakers
#16
Jeanette McNeill, Gwen Sherwood
PURPOSE: To address reported disparities in pain management among Hispanic patients, this article reports the psychometrics of the newly developed Spanish language Houston Pain Outcome Instrument (HPOI) with postoperative Hispanic patients. METHODS: Findings from qualitative interviews conducted with 35 self-identified Hispanics in Phase 1 of the overall project were used to generate items for a new Spanish language instrument, Cuestionario de Houston Sobre el Dolor (HPOI)...
January 1, 2017: Hispanic Health Care International: the Official Journal of the National Association of Hispanic Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164912/a-community-based-approach-to-assessing-the-physical-emotional-and-health-status-of-hispanic-breast-cancer-survivors
#17
Ana C Sanchez-Birkhead, Sara Carbajal-Salisbury, Jorge Arce Larreta, Leslie Lovlien, Hilary Hendricks, Catherine Dingley, Susan L Beck
INTRODUCTION: Latina breast cancer survivors in the United States face disproportionate risk for poorer quality of life and physical health, as well as greater emotional distress. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey was conducted to describe the physical, emotional, and general health status of 135 Latina breast cancer survivors served by a community-based program. RESULTS: Of the 135 surveys sent, 48 survivors responded. Of those who responded, time since diagnosis ranged from 0 to 24 years ( M = 4...
January 1, 2017: Hispanic Health Care International: the Official Journal of the National Association of Hispanic Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164795/education-mitigates-the-effect-of-poverty-on-total-knee-arthroplasty-outcomes
#18
Susan M Goodman, Lisa A Mandl, Bella Mehta, Iris Navarro-Millan, Linda A Russell, Michael L Parks, Shirin A Dey, Daisy Crego, Mark P Figgie, Joseph T Nguyen, Jackie Szymonifka, Meng Zhang, Anne R Bass
OBJECTIVE: TKA outcomes are worse for patients from poor neighborhoods, but whether education mitigates the effect of poverty is not known. We assessed the interaction between education and poverty on 2-year WOMAC pain and function. METHODS: Patient level variables from an institutional registry were linked to US Census Bureau data (census tract (CT) level). Statistical models including patient and CT level variables were constructed within multilevel frameworks...
November 22, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164595/frequency-of-leaving-the-house-and-mortality-from-age-70-to-95
#19
Jeremy M Jacobs, Aliza Hammerman-Rozenberg, Jochanan Stessman
OBJECTIVES: To determine the association between frequency of leaving the house and mortality. DESIGN: Prospective follow-up of an age-homogenous, representative, community-dwelling birth cohort (born 1920-21) from the Jerusalem Longitudinal Study (1990-2015). SETTING: Home. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 70 (n = 593), 78 (n = 973), 85 (n = 1164), and 90 (n = 645), examined in 1990, 1998, 2005, and 2010, respectively...
November 22, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164554/-the-experience-of-caring-for-a-child-suffering-from-incontinent-dermatitis
#20
Hong-Ru Lu, Yung-Ju Chen, Ya-Fang Ko
This paper describes the experience of caring for a child with incontinent dermatitis that was caused by improper family care. From March 27, 2015 to April 2, 2015, the authors used Gordon's 11 functional health parameters to collect subjective and objective data on the physical, mental and social conditions of the care recipient. To understand the nursing-related problems, including impaired skin integrity, acute pain, and caregiver anxiety, the data for this case and his mother were conducted by observation, physical assessment, the process of caring, and communication...
December 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
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