keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Pain assessment

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786828/oral-contraceptives-for-pain-associated-with-endometriosis
#1
REVIEW
Julie Brown, Tineke J Crawford, Shree Datta, Andrew Prentice
BACKGROUND: Endometriosis is a common gynaecological condition which affects many women of reproductive age worldwide and is a major cause of pain and infertility. The combined oral contraceptive pill (COCP) is widely used to treat pain occurring as a result of endometriosis, although the evidence for its efficacy is limited. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness, safety and cost-effectiveness of oral contraceptive preparations in the treatment of painful symptoms ascribed to the diagnosis of laparoscopically proven endometriosis...
May 22, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786453/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-singapore-version-of-the-chedoke-arm-and-hand-activity
#2
Silvana X Choo, Jackie Bosch, Julie Richardson, Paul Stratford, Jocelyn E Harris
PURPOSE: To develop a Singapore version of the Chedoke Arm and Hand Activity Inventory (CAHAI) and to estimate the construct validity and inter-rater reliability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Translation and Cross-Cultural Adaptation of Objectively Assessed Outcome measure procedure was used to systematically adapt the CAHAI. We recruited 56 adults admitted to an inpatient stroke facility to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Singapore version of the CAHAI...
May 22, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786041/fixation-versus-excision-of-osteochondral-fractures-after-patellar-dislocations-in-adolescent-patients-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#3
Hui Kang, Jian Li, Xu-Xu Chen, Tao Wang, Shi-Chang Liu, Hong-Chuan Li
Background: Patellar dislocation is one of the most common knee injuries in the adolescent population. It is often combined with osteochondral fracture. The purpose of this study was to compare the outcomes between fixation and excision of osteochondral fractures not involving the bearing surface in adolescent patients with patellar dislocations. Methods: Patients who underwent surgery for osteochondral fracture following patellar dislocation in our institution from 2007 to 2014 were retrospectively evaluated...
June 5, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785546/diagnosis-and-management-of-primary-hepatic-pregnancy-literature-review-of-31-cases
#4
REVIEW
Jicai Wang, Zhilei Su, Shounan Lu, Wen Fu, Zhifa Liu, Xingming Jiang, Sheng Tai
PURPOSE: To summarize the appropriate diagnostic methods and therapeutic options for primary hepatic pregnancy (PHP). METHODS: Literature searches were performed in Pubmed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library and Embase databases (1956-2017), using the following search terms: primary hepatic pregnancy, hepatic pregnancy, liver pregnancy, hepatic ectopic pregnancy and intrahepatic pregnancy. Further literature was confirmed through cross-referencing. RESULTS: Thirty-one cases were reviewed and collected...
May 21, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785467/impact-of-a-safe-resident-handling-program-in-nursing-homes-on-return-to-work-and-re-injury-outcomes-following-work-injury
#5
Alicia Kurowski, Glenn Pransky, Laura Punnett
Purpose This study examined the impact of a Safe Resident Handling Program (SRHP) on length of disability and re-injury, following work-related injuries of nursing home workers. Resident handling-related injuries and back injuries were of particular interest. Methods A large national nursing home corporation introduced a SRHP followed by three years of training for 136 centers. Lost-time workers' compensation claims (3 years pre-SRHP and 6 years post-SRHP) were evaluated. For each claim, length of first episode of disability and recurrence of disabling injury were evaluated over time...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785461/clinical-significance-of-appendiceal-diverticulum-a-significant-marker-for-appendiceal-neoplasia-in-australian-patients
#6
Daniel Leonard Chan, Christopher Lim, Arsalan Bakhtiar, Matthew Khoury, Michelle Smigelski, Dean Yeh, Praveen Ravindran
INTRODUCTION: Diverticula of the appendix (DA) have a reported incidence of up to 2.1%. They are primarily detected incidentally, through imaging and intraoperative or histologic diagnosis. This study's objective was to examine the prevalence of DA, and its relationship with inflammation and neoplasia, as well as review the literature with respect to clinical outcomes and ability to identify DA preoperatively. METHODOLOGY: A retrospective search of all patients undergoing an appendicectomy for right lower quadrant pain at a single institution between 2004 and 2017 was conducted...
May 21, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785388/genital-tuberculosis-in-postmenopausal-women-with-variable-clinical-presentations-a-report-of-3-cases
#7
Ashima Arora, Shameema Anvar Sadath
Genital tuberculosis is usually diagnosed in young women being assessed for infertility. After menopause it usually presents with symptoms resembling endometrial malignancy, such as postmenopausal bleeding, persistent vaginal discharge and pyometra. The diagnosis is made by detection of acid-fast bacilli on microscopy or bacteriological culture and/or presence of epithelioid granuloma on biopsy. Anti-tubercular therapy involves the use of rifampicin, isoniazid, pyrazinamide and ethambutol. Surgery is indicated if a pelvic mass and recurrence of pain or bleeding persist after 9 months of treatment...
April 2018: Case Reports in Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785222/proximal-femoral-bone-regeneration-after-an-uncemented-hydroxyapatite-coated-long-stem-in-revision-hip-surgery
#8
José Cordero-Ampuero, Eduardo Garcia-Rey, Eduardo Garcia-Cimbrelo
Background: Bone remodelling with lateral femoral cortex thinning is a major concern after extensively porous-coated long-stem in revision surgery. Extensive hydroxyapatite coated long-stems were introduced to improve osseointegration, but bone remodelling changes have not been quantified. Objective: The question of whether bone remodelling changes from extensive hydroxyapatite-coated long stems influence the durability of femoral revision, clinical outcome is assessed in follow-up radiographs...
2018: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785136/psychological-factors-as-predictors-of-early-postoperative-pain-after-open-nephrectomy
#9
Ana Mimic, Carsten Bantel, Jelena Jovicic, Branko Mimic, Darija Kisic-Tepavcevic, Otas Durutovic, Nebojsa Ladjevic
Purpose: There is an increasing interest in the identification of predictors for individual responses to analgesics and surgical pain. In this study, we aimed to determine psychological factors that might contribute to this response. We hence investigated patients undergoing a standardized surgical intervention (open nephrectomy). Patients and methods: Between May 2014 and April 2015, we conducted a prospective observational cohort study. The following psychological tests were administered preoperatively: Mini-Mental State Examination, Amsterdam Preoperative Anxiety and Information Scale (APAIS), Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale, Hamilton Depression Rating Scale, and Pain Catastrophizing Scale...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785079/decreasing-recurrent-bowel-obstructions-improving-quality-of-life-with-physiotherapy-controlled-study
#10
Amanda D Rice, Kimberley Patterson, Evette D Reed, Belinda F Wurn, Kristen Robles, Bernhard Klingenberg, Leonard B Weinstock, Janey Sa Pratt, C Richard King, Lawrence J Wurn
AIM: To compare (1) quality of life and (2) rate of recurrent small bowel obstructions (SBO) for patients treated with novel manual physiotherapy vs no treatment. METHODS: One hundred and three subjects (age 19-89) with a history of recurrent adhesive SBO were treated with a manual physiotherapy called the Clear Passage Approach (CPA) which focused on decreasing adhesive crosslinking in abdominopelvic viscera. Pre- and post-therapy data measured recurring obstructions and quality of life, using a validated test sent 90 d after therapy...
May 21, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784661/linaclotide-attenuates-visceral-organ-crosstalk-role-of-guanylate-cyclase-c-activation-in-reversing-bladder-colon-cross-sensitization
#11
Ehsan N Mohammadi, Casey O Ligon, Ada Silos-Santiago, Pei Ge, Caroline Kurtz, Carolyn Higgins, Gerhard Hannig, Beverley Greenwood-Van Meerveld
INTRODUCTION: Bladder pain syndrome (BPS) is poorly understood, however there is evidence of a female predominance and co-morbidity with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Here we test the hypothesis that linaclotide, a guanylate cyclase-C (GC-C) agonist approved for the treatment of IBS with constipation (IBS-C), may represent a novel therapeutic for BPS acting through a mechanism involving an inhibition of visceral organ cross sensitization. METHODS: In female rats, infusion of dilute protamine sulfate (PS) into the bladder was employed to induce bladder and colonic hypersensitivity...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784508/il-33-mast-cell-axis-is-central-in-ll-37-induced-bladder-inflammation-and-pain-in-a-murine-interstitial-cystitis-model
#12
M Martin Jensen, Wanjian Jia, Austin J Schults, Xiangyang Ye, Glenn D Prestwich, Siam Oottamasathien
Interstitial cystitis (IC), also known as painful bladder syndrome (PBS), is a debilitating chronic condition that afflicts over 3 million women above the age of 18 in the U.S., and most patients fail to respond to current treatment options. Mast cells have previously been implicated as both a diagnostic and prognostic marker in IC/PBS. Patients with IC/PBS have been shown to have elevated levels of IL-33, a cytokine released in response to tissue insult, in their urine. We hypothesize that mast cell-mediated inflammation induced from IL-33 may play an important role in initiating pain and inflammation in IC/PBS...
May 18, 2018: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784473/tailbone-pain-from-coccyx-injuries-on-water-slides-a-case-series
#13
Patrick M Foye, Dena M Abdelshahed, Evish Kamrava, Renee Enriquez, Gerard J D'Onofrio
BACKGROUND: Water slides and rides are increasingly popular attractions at amusement parks. There has been some documentation of various patterns of injury associated with these rides, most notably vaginal injuries caused by water jets. But we find no previous medical publications reporting the association between water slides/rides with coccydynia (coccyx pain) and tailbone injuries. CASE REPORT: Our purpose in this case report was to assess for an association between water slides/rides with injuries to the coccyx causing coccyx pain...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784434/cell-therapy-with-autologous-mesenchymal-stromal-cells-in-post-traumatic-syringomyelia
#14
Jesús Vaquero, Mercedes Zurita, Miguel A Rico, Concepcion Aguayo, Cecilia Fernandez, Gregorio Rodriguez-Boto, Esperanza Marin, Noemi Tapiador, Marta Sevilla, Joaquin Carballido, David Vazquez, Damian Garcia-Olmo, Hector Guadalajara, Miguel Leon, Ignacio Valverde
BACKGROUND AIMS: Recently, clinical studies show that cell therapy with mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) improves the sequelae chronically established in paraplegic patients, being necessary to know which of them can obtain better benefit. METHODS: We present here a phase 2 clinical trial that includes six paraplegic patients with post-traumatic syringomyelia who received 300 million MSCs inside the syrinx and who were followed up for 6 months. Clinical scales, urodynamic, neurophysiological, magnetic resonance (MR) and studies of ano-rectal manometry were performed to assess possible improvements...
May 18, 2018: Cytotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784262/using-pictures-to-assess-pain-location-in-children
#15
Phyllis J Mesko, Aris Beoglos Eliades
PURPOSE: This study uses the Pain Area Locator (PAL) tool, a picture communication aid with body and medical equipment icons, to identify pain location in postoperative pediatric patients and assesses discrepancies between nurses' pain location assessment and pain location identified using the PAL tool. DESIGN: This descriptive study used a quantitative, comparative design, with a convenience sample of pediatric postoperative patients undergoing same-day surgeries at a free-standing, acute care, Magnet designated pediatric hospital...
June 2018: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784260/severe-obesity-and-sleep-disordered-breathing-as-risk-factors-for-emergence-agitation-in-pediatric-ambulatory-surgery
#16
Timothy Reynolds, Sumanna Sankaran, Wilson T Chimbira, Thuy Phan, Olubukola O Nafiu
PURPOSE: Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) may be a critical risk factor for emergence agitation (EA). We hypothesized that SDB diagnosis is a predictor of EA in children after general anesthesia for ambulatory surgery. DESIGN: Prospective, observational, cohort study. METHODS: Children aged 4 to 17 years were assessed for the occurrence of EA. Differences in probability of EA were assessed using multivariable logistic regression analyses...
June 2018: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784257/patient-empowerment-reduces-pain-in-geriatric-patients-after-gynecologic-onco-surgery-subgroup-analysis-of-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#17
Anna-Maria Collette, Claudia Spies, Rahel Eckardt, Klaus-Dieter Wernecke, Maren Schmidt
PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the effect of patient empowerment on acute postoperative pain. This research was part of the Patient Empowerment and Risk-Assessed Treatment to Improve Outcome in the Elderly After Onco-Surgery Trial. DESIGN: This research was a prospective randomized controlled interventional study. METHODS: Patients who underwent gynecologic onco-surgery were included in this analysis of demographic data, basic characteristics, pain intensity by numeric rating scale, and mode of pain therapy...
June 2018: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784135/cultural-adaptation-of-the-adolescent-pediatric-pain-tool-in-turkish-children-with-cancer
#18
Gülçin Özalp Gerçeker, Elif Bilsin, Şeyda Binay, Hatice Bal Yılmaz, Eufemia Jacob
PURPOSE: Pain is very common among pediatric cancers. This study aimed to assess the reliability and validity of the Turkish version of the Adolescent Pediatric Pain Tool (APPT). METHODS: In this methodological study, language validity and content validity of the words in the third section of the scale, which was administered to children with cancer, were tested using the Q-sort method. The APPT was used to measure test-retest reliability once for each of the 1st, 2nd and 3rd weeks of the chemotherapy protocols for 30 children...
June 2018: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784076/analgesic-efficacy-and-hematologic-effects-of-robenacoxib-in-mice
#19
Jennifer A Beninson, Jennifer L Lofgren, Patrick A Lester, Madeline M Hileman, Daniel J Berkowitz, Daniel D Myers
NSAID analgesics may confound models that require inflammation to mimic disease development in humans. This effect presents a challenge for veterinary staff and investigators, because surgery is often necessary to create mouse models of disease and NSAID are first-line analgesics used to treat postoperative pain. We evaluated robenacoxib, a NSAID highly selective for cyclooxygenase 2, in a carrageenan paw edema (CPE) assay and surgical model of venous thrombosis (VT). We generated a mouse-specific dose-response curve by using the CPE assay for robenacoxib doses of 3...
May 1, 2018: Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science: JAALAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784054/systematic-literature-review-and-assessment-of-patient-reported-outcome-instruments-in-sickle-cell-disease
#20
Grammati Sarri, Menaka Bhor, Seye Abogunrin, Caroline Farmer, Savita Nandal, Rashid Halloway, Dennis A Revicki
BACKGROUND: Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a chronic condition associated with high mortality and morbidity. It is characterized by acute clinical symptoms such as painful vaso-occlusive crises, which can impair health-related quality of life (HRQL). This study was conducted to identify validated patient-reported outcome (PRO) instruments for use in future trials of potential treatments for SCD. METHODS: A systematic literature review (SLR) was performed using MEDLINE and EMBASE to identify United States (US)-based studies published in English between 1997 and 2017 that reported on validated PRO instruments used in randomized controlled trials and real-world settings...
May 21, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
keyword
keyword
8658
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"