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Extracorporeal life support

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911024/the-clinical-importance-of-pulsatile-flow-in-extracorporeal-life-support-the-penn-state-health-approach
#1
Akif Ündar, Shigang Wang, Jenelle M Izer, Joseph B Clark, Allen R Kunselman, Sunil Patel, Kaitlyn Shank, Elizabeth Profeta, Ronald P Wilson, Petr Ostadal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904968/outcome-measures-of-extracorporeal-life-support-ecls-in-trauma-patients-versus-patients-without-trauma-a-7-year-single-center-retrospective-cohort-study
#2
Christopher Ull, Thomas A Schildhauer, Justus T Strauch, Justyna Swol
This single-center retrospective study included a total of 99 extracorporeal life support (ECLS) cannulated patients assigned to a traumatic extracorporeal life-support cohort (TECLS) or a non-traumatic extracorporeal life-support cohort (NTECLS). Forty-nine TECLS patients and 50 NTECLS patients were compared. The TECLS patients were significantly younger [49.9 years 16.6-86.2 vs. 57.1 (21.4-78.6); p = 0.007] and had lower body mass indices (BMIs) [27.7 kg/m(2) (20-37) vs. 32.5 (19-88.5); p = 0.001] than the NTECLS patients...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Artificial Organs: the Official Journal of the Japanese Society for Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900922/-extracorporeal-life-support-for-legionella-pneumonia
#3
W A C Koekkoek, C Savelkoul, P R Wijnandts, M Platenkamp, D W Donker, D H T Tjan
BACKGROUND: Legionella species cause 5% of all community acquired pneumonias. However, Legionella pneumonia results relatively often in admission to the intensive care unit (ICU). A significant complication is the development of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). The ICU mortality rate for Legionella pneumonia is > 30% with conventional treatments. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 64-year-old male was admitted to the ICU with respiratory failure due to Legionella pneumonia complicated by ARDS...
2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898437/how-best-to-set-the-ventilator-on-extracorporeal-membrane-lung-oxygenation
#4
Luciano Gattinoni, Tommaso Tonetti, Michael Quintel
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Extracorporeal respiratory support in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome is applied either as rescue maneuver for life-threatening hypoxemia or as a tool to reduce the harm of mechanical ventilation. Depending on the blood and gas flow, extracorporeal support may completely substitute the natural lung as a gas exchanger (high-flow venovenous bypass) or reduce the need for mechanical ventilation, enabling the removal of a fraction of the metabolically produced CO2...
November 24, 2016: Current Opinion in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897967/an-observational-study-of-donor-ex-vivo-lung-perfusion-in-uk-lung-transplantation-develop-uk
#5
Andrew Fisher, Anders Andreasson, Alexandros Chrysos, Joanne Lally, Chrysovalanto Mamasoula, Catherine Exley, Jennifer Wilkinson, Jessica Qian, Gillian Watson, Oli Lewington, Thomas Chadwick, Elaine McColl, Mark Pearce, Kay Mann, Nicola McMeekin, Luke Vale, Steven Tsui, Nizar Yonan, Andre Simon, Nandor Marczin, Jorge Mascaro, John Dark
BACKGROUND: Many patients awaiting lung transplantation die before a donor organ becomes available. Ex vivo lung perfusion (EVLP) allows initially unusable donor lungs to be assessed and reconditioned for clinical use. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the Donor Ex Vivo Lung Perfusion in UK lung transplantation study was to evaluate the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of EVLP in increasing UK lung transplant activity. DESIGN: A multicentre, unblinded, non-randomised, non-inferiority observational study to compare transplant outcomes between EVLP-assessed and standard donor lungs...
November 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896819/extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-outcomes-after-the-comprehensive-stage-ii-procedure-in-patients-with-single-ventricles
#6
Daniel Gomez, Vicky Duffy, Diane Hersey, Carl Backes, Peter Rycus, Patrick McConnell, Jordan Voss, Mark Galantowicz, Clifford L Cua
Outcomes for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) have been described for patients with single ventricle physiology (SVP) undergoing cavopulmonary connection (Glenn procedure). An alternative surgical pathway for patients with SVP consists of an initial hybrid procedure followed by a comprehensive Stage II procedure. No data exist describing the outcomes of patients requiring ECMO after the comprehensive Stage II procedure. The goal of this study is to describe the outcomes for patients who required ECMO after the comprehensive Stage II procedure...
November 29, 2016: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890016/the-inflammatory-response-to-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-ecmo-a-review-of-the-pathophysiology
#7
REVIEW
Jonathan E Millar, Jonathon P Fanning, Charles I McDonald, Daniel F McAuley, John F Fraser
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is a technology capable of providing short-term mechanical support to the heart, lungs or both. Over the last decade, the number of centres offering ECMO has grown rapidly. At the same time, the indications for its use have also been broadened. In part, this trend has been supported by advances in circuit design and in cannulation techniques. Despite the widespread adoption of extracorporeal life support techniques, the use of ECMO remains associated with significant morbidity and mortality...
November 28, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888446/cesarean-section-in-the-setting-of-severe-pulmonary-hypertension-requiring-extracorporeal-life-support
#8
Ryosuke Hara, Shuhei Hara, Chin Siang Ong, Gary Schwartz, Christopher Sciortino, Narutoshi Hibino
We describe the use of veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in a 35-year-old female with severe fixed pulmonary hypertension who went into cardiogenic shock during a Cesarean section. Pregnancy in the presence of severe pulmonary hypertension is typically contraindicated due to high maternal mortality rates. This patient visited our hospital at 37 weeks of gestation after experiencing dyspnea and chest pain. Clinical evaluation revealed severe fixed pulmonary hypertension. At the time of the planned delivery, femoral lines were placed; in case of emergency, ECMO became necessary during the delivery...
November 25, 2016: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884576/extracorporeal-life-support-for-refractory-cardiac-arrest-from-accidental-hypothermia-a-10-year-experience-in-edinburgh
#9
Maziar Khorsandi, Scott Dougherty, Neil Young, Dean Kerslake, Vincenzo Giordano, Robert Lendrum, William Walker, Vipin Zamvar, Ivan Yim, Renzo Pessotto
BACKGROUND: Cardiac arrest caused by accidental hypothermia is a rare phenomenon with a significant mortality rate if untreated. The consensus is that these patients should be rewarmed with extracorporeal life support (ECLS) with the potential for excellent survival and neurologic outcomes. However, given the lack of robust data and clinical trials, the optimal management of such patients remains elusive. OBJECTIVE: In this single-center study, we looked at the outcomes of all adult patients undergoing salvage ECLS for cardiac arrest caused by accidental hypothermia over a 10-year period from June 2006 to June 2016...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866648/extracorporeal-life-support-is-safe-in-trauma-patients
#10
Christopher R Burke, Angelena Crown, Titus Chan, D Michael McMullan
INTRODUCTION: The role of extracorporeal life support (ECLS) in the critically ill trauma patient is poorly defined, possibly leading to the underutilization of this lifesaving therapy in this population. This study examined survival rates and risk factors for death in trauma patients who received ECLS. METHODS: Data from the National Trauma Data Bank was retrospectively reviewed to identify trauma patients who received ECLS from January 2012 to December 2014. Clinical outcomes and risk factors for death were examined in these patients...
November 11, 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862040/central-extracorporeal-life-support-with-left-ventricular-decompression-to-berlin-heart-excor-a-reliable-bridge-to-bridge-strategy-in-crash-and-burn-patients
#11
Alexander Weymann, Mina Farag, Anton Sabashnikov, Javid Fatullayev, Mohamed Zeriouh, Bastian Schmack, Rawa Arif, Florian Müller, Christina Alt, Philip Raake, Nikhil Prakash Patil, Aron-Frederik Popov, Andre Rüdiger Simon, Matthias Karck, Arjang Ruhparwar
The aim of this study was to compare patients with severe biventricular heart failure who underwent Berlin Heart Excor implantation with (cardiogenic shock [CS] status) or without the need for preoperative extracorporeal life support (ECLS) as a bridge to long-term device. A total of 40 consecutive patients with severe biventricular heart failure underwent Berlin Heart Excor implantation with (CS status, n = 20, 50%) or without (control, n = 20, 50%) the need for preoperative ECLS as a bridge to long-term device from March 2007 to May 2015 at our institution...
November 8, 2016: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862035/does-an-open-recirculation-line-affect-the-flow-rate-and-pressure-in-a-neonatal-extracorporeal-life-support-circuit-with-a-centrifugal-or-roller-pump
#12
Shigang Wang, Shannon B Spencer, Karl Woitas, Kristen Glass, Allen R Kunselman, Akif Ündar
The objective of this study is to evaluate the impact of an open or closed recirculation line on flow rate, circuit pressure, and hemodynamic energy transmission in simulated neonatal extracorporeal life support (ECLS) systems. The two neonatal ECLS circuits consisted of a Maquet HL20 roller pump (RP group) or a RotaFlow centrifugal pump (CP group), Quadrox-iD Pediatric oxygenator, and Biomedicus arterial and venous cannulae (8 Fr and 10 Fr) primed with lactated Ringer's solution and packed red blood cells (hematocrit 35%)...
November 15, 2016: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855469/right-sided-heart-failure-and-extracorporeal-life-support-in-patients-undergoing-pericardiectomy-for-constrictive-pericarditis-a-risk-factor-analysis-for-adverse-outcome
#13
Erik Beckmann, Issam Ismail, Serghei Cebotari, Alexander Busse, Andreas Martens, Malakh Shrestha, Christian Kühn, Axel Haverich, Christine Fegbeutel
Background Right ventricular failure is a life-threatening postoperative complication after pericardiectomy. We conducted a retrospective study with a special emphasis on right ventricular failure. Methods Between June 1997 and September 2011, 69 patients underwent surgical pericardiectomy at our center. Mean age was 59 ( ±  15.5) years, and 49 (71%) patients were male. Causes of constrictive pericarditis included idiopathic (52%, n = 36), tuberculosis (9%, n = 6), postcardiotomy (12%, n = 8), radiation (4%, n = 3), renal insufficiency (12%, n = 8), and autoimmune disease (12%, n = 8)...
November 17, 2016: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851543/1908-successful-use-of-extracorporeal-life-support-in-a-stem-cell-transplant-patient-with-neuroblastoma
#14
Feifei Williams, Atul Vats, Thomas Cash, James Fortenberry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851432/1797-use-of-venoarterial-extracorporeal-life-support-in-infant-survivor-with-legionella-pneumophila
#15
Eleanor Gradidge, Kitman Wai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851295/1660-first-transatlantic-transport-on-extracorporeal-life-support-for-hypercapnic-respiratory-failure
#16
John Hunninghake, Andrew Skabelund, Scott Hagedorn, Jeremy Cannon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27850283/644-procalcitonin-use-in-pediatric-patients-on-extracorporeal-life-support
#17
Vi Ean Tan, Wayne Moore, Arun Chopra, Jeffrey Cies
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849657/long-term-follow-up-on-health-related-quality-of-life-after-mechanical-circulatory-support-in-children
#18
Thilo P K Fleck, Georg Dangel, Felix Bächle, Christoph Benk, Jochen Grohmann, Johannes Kroll, Matthias Siepe, Rene Höhn, Janbernd Kirschner, Friedhelm Beyersdorf, Brigitte Stiller
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate health-related quality of life in long-term survivors of mechanical circulatory support after acute cardiopulmonary failure. DESIGN: Prospective follow-up study. SETTING: Single-institutional in a center for congenital heart disease and pediatric cardiology. PATIENTS: Fifty patients who underwent 58 mechanical circulatory support therapies in our institution from 2001 to 2012...
November 15, 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846872/challenges-on-non-invasive-ventilation-to-treat-acute-respiratory-failure-in-the-elderly
#19
REVIEW
Raffaele Scala
Acute respiratory failure is a frequent complication in elderly patients especially if suffering from chronic cardio-pulmonary diseases. Non-invasive mechanical ventilation constitutes a successful therapeutic tool in the elderly as, like in younger patients, it is able to prevent endotracheal intubation in a wide range of acute conditions; moreover, this ventilator technique is largely applied in the elderly in whom invasive mechanical ventilation is considered not appropriated. Furthermore, the integration of new technological devices, ethical issues and environment of treatment are still largely debated in the treatment of acute respiratory failure in the elderly...
November 15, 2016: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842746/managing-respiratory-failure-in-obstructive-lung-disease
#20
REVIEW
Stephen P Bergin, Craig R Rackley
Exacerbations of obstructive lung disease are common causes of acute respiratory failure. Short-acting bronchodilators and systemic glucocorticoids are the foundation of pharmacologic management. For patients requiring ventilator support, use of noninvasive ventilation reduces the risk of mortality and progression to invasive mechanical ventilation. Challenges associated with invasive ventilation include ventilator dyssynchrony, air trapping, and dynamic hyperinflation. Careful monitoring and adjustment of ventilatory support parameters helps to optimize the patient-ventilator interaction and minimizes the risk of associated morbidity...
December 2016: Clinics in Chest Medicine
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