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Extracorporeal life support

Maroua Eid, Olivier Fouquet, Cédric Darreau, Marc Pierrot, Achille Kouatchet, Alain Mercat, Christophe Baufreton
INTRODUCTION: Necrotizing fasciitis represents a life-threatening infectious condition that causes spreading necrotisis of superficial fascia and subcutaneous cellular tissues. We describe the case of a patient diagnosed with septic and toxic shocks leading to multiple organ failure successfully treated with a combination of extracorporeal life support, continuous renal replacement therapy, and a hemoadsorption device. METHODS: A 41-year-old patient presented with necrotizing fasciitis and multi-organ failure...
March 2018: International Journal of Artificial Organs
Justyna Swol, Daniel Brodie, Lena Napolitano, Pauline K Park, Ravi Thiagarajan, Ryan P Barbaro, Roberto Lorusso, David McMullan, Nicholas Cavarocchi, Ali Ait Hssain, Peter Rycus, David Zonies
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 12, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Elizabeth A Walker, A Joshua Roberts, Erin L Louie, William E Dager
Systemic anticoagulation with unfractionated heparin is standard of care for patients receiving extracorporeal life support (ECLS); however, an alternative anticoagulant may be necessary when challenges with heparin therapy arise. Evidence for alternative anticoagulation in ECLS patients is limited. This retrospective analysis evaluated the dosing and outcomes associated with bivalirudin use in 14 adult ECLS patients. Indications for bivalirudin included heparin-induced thrombocytopenia, heparin resistance, or persistent clotting or bleeding while on heparin...
March 13, 2018: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
David Macku, Pavel Hedvicak, John Quinn, Vladimir Bencko
Due to the hybrid warfare currently experienced by multiple NATO coalition and NATO partner nations, the tactical combat casualty care (TCCC) paradigm is greatly challenged. One of the major challenges to TCCC is the ad hoc extension phase in resource-poor environments, referred to as prolonged field care (PFC) and forward resuscitative care (FRC). The nuanced clinical skills with limited resources required by warfighters and auxiliary health care professionals to mitigate death on the battlefield and prevent morbidity and mortality in the PFC phase represent a balance that is still under review...
2018: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
Stacy Pelekhaty, Jay Menaker
Prader-Willi Syndrome (PWS) is a genetic condition that results in a constellation of symptoms and typically results in hyperphagia and obesity in adulthood. Critically ill adults with PWS present a unique challenge to the nutrition professional, particularly when they require support modalities such as extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). The purpose of this case study is to review the nutrition care of a critically ill adult patient with PWS who required venovenous ECMO. The patient was successfully managed with a hypocaloric, high-protein approach, which did not result in the diagnosis of malnutrition during his hospitalization...
March 12, 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
Gerry Capatos, Christopher R Burke, Mark T Ogino, Roberto R Lorusso, Thomas V Brogan, D Michael McMullan, Heidi J Dalton
AIM: As experience with extracorporeal life support (ECLS) increases, indications for its use have expanded to diverse patient populations, including those with HIV infection. Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PJP) is a particularly devastating complication of HIV infections. The objective of this study was to review ECLS use in HIV-positive patients, with particular emphasis on those with concomitant PJP infection. METHODS: All patients were treated by the same ECLS team, consisting of an ECLS specialist intensivist, cardiothoracic surgeon and allied medical professionals at three healthcare institutions...
March 1, 2018: Perfusion
Annemieke Oude Lansink-Hartgring, Dinis Dos Reis Miranda, Dirk W Donker, Jacinta J Maas, Thijs Delnoij, Marijn Kuijpers, Judith van den Brule, Erik Scholten, Hendrik Endeman, Alexander P J Vlaar, Walter M van den Bergh
BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal life support (ECLS) is used to support the cardiorespiratory function in case of severe cardiac and/or respiratory failure in critically ill patients. According to the ELSO guidelines ECLS should be considered when estimated mortality risk approximates 80%. ECLS seems an efficient therapy in terms of survival benefit, but no undisputed evidence is delivered yet. The aim of the study is to assess the health-related quality of life after ECLS treatment and its cost effectiveness...
March 9, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Jerome Soquet, Roberto Chiletti, Stephen Horton, Igor E Konstantinov, Johann Brink, Christian P Brizard, Warwick Butt, Yves d'Udekem
BACKGROUND: In 2011 we reported unfavourable outcomes of second-run extracorporeal life support (ECLS) in children. We wanted to investigate whether this previous report affected our strategy and modified our long-term outcomes. METHODS: Between 1988 and 2015, 31 patients underwent a second-run ECLS. Median age at the time of first support was 9days (0-16 years). Median length of support for the first and second runs were 4.7days (0.1-10) and 3.6days (0.5-8.7) respectively, with an interval of 1...
February 13, 2018: Heart, Lung & Circulation
Takeshi Yamamoto
High-risk pulmonary embolism (PE) is a life-threatening disorder associated with high mortality and morbidity. Most deaths in patients with shock occur within the first few hours after presentation, and rapid diagnosis and treatment is therefore essential to save patients' lives. The main manifestations of major PE are acute right ventricular (RV) failure and hypoxia. RV pressure overload is predominantly related to the interaction between the mechanical pulmonary vascular obstruction and the underlying cardiopulmonary status...
2018: Journal of Intensive Care
Tae Soo Kang, Byung Soo Ko, Stavros G Drakos, Josef Stehlik, Steven I Bott, Antigone Koliopoulou, Joseph E Tonna, Megan E Bowen, Kathleen Stoddard, Craig H Selzman, Stephen H McKellar
BACKGROUND: Acute mechanical circulatory support (aMCS) can be a lifesaving therapy for patients with refractory cardiogenic shock. As device safety and technology improve, so will the ability to extend aMCS to patients at remote hospitals. The Intermountain West is unique because of the large geographical area, making transport of critically ill patients a logistical challenge. METHODS: We reviewed our experience of transporting patients in cardiogenic shock over long distances who had already been placed on aMCS: Impella and extracorporeal membrane oxygenator devices...
April 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
Lajos Szentgyorgyi, Chloe Shepherd, Ken W Dunn, Peter Fawcett, Julian M Barker, Paul Exton, Marc O Maybauer
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is one of the most frequent forms of extracorporeal life support (ECLS) and can be used as rescue therapy in patients with severe respiratory failure resulting from burns and/or smoke inhalation injury. Experience and literature on this treatment option is still very limited, consequently results are varied. We report a retrospective analysis of our experience with veno-venous (VV) ECMO in burn patients. All five patients, three male and two female (age: 28-37 years) had flame type burns and smoke inhalation injury...
February 27, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Chih-Chien Yen, Chih-Hong Kao, Chien-Sung Tsai, Shin-Han Tsai
OBJECTIVE: Application of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for life support has been widely used in various fields of resuscitation. When the common femoral artery (CFA) is used during cannulation for ECMO support in adults, it is often complicated by limb ischemia. Placement of distal perfusion catheter (DPC) can reduce the incidence of limb ischemia and increases the likelihood of limb preservation, but selection criteria is uncertain. METHODS: This is a retrospective study...
January 16, 2018: Heart Surgery Forum
Soo Jin Na, Chi Ryang Chung, Hee Jung Choi, Yang Hyun Cho, Kiick Sung, Jeong Hoon Yang, Gee Young Suh, Kyeongman Jeon
BACKGROUND: The Extracorporeal Life Support Organization (ELSO) has suggested that extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) patients should be managed by a multidisciplinary team. However, there are limited data on the impact of ECMO team on the outcomes of patients with severe acute respiratory failure. METHODS: All consecutive patients with severe acute respiratory failure who underwent ECMO for respiratory support from January 2012 through December 2016 were divided into the pre-ECMO team period (before January 2014, n = 70) and the post-ECMO team period (after January 2014, n = 46)...
February 27, 2018: Annals of Intensive Care
Mathieu Pasquier, Olivier Hugli, Peter Paal, Tomasz Darocha, Marc Blancher, Paul Husby, Tom Silfvast, Pierre-Nicolas Carron, Valentin Rousson
AIMS: Currently, the decision to initiate extracorporeal life support for patients who suffer cardiac arrest due to accidental hypothermia is essentially based on serum potassium level. Our goal was to build a prediction score in order to determine the probability of survival following rewarming of hypothermic arrested patients based on several covariates available at admission. METHODS: We included consecutive hypothermic arrested patients who underwent rewarming with extracorporeal life support...
February 23, 2018: Resuscitation
Joseph T Church, Elena M Perkins, Megan A Coughlin, Jennifer S McLeod, Katherine Boss, J Kelley Bentley, Marc B Hershenson, Raja Rabah, Robert H Bartlett, George B Mychaliska
BACKGROUND: Extremely premature neonates suffer high morbidity and mortality. An artificial placenta (AP) using extracorporeal life support (ECLS) is a promising therapy. OBJECTIVES: We hypothesized that intratracheal perfluorocarbon (PFC) instillation during AP support would reduce lung injury and promote lung development relative to intratracheal amniotic fluid or crystalloid. METHODS: Lambs at an estimated gestational age (EGA) 116-121 days (term 145 days) were placed on venovenous ECLS with jugular drainage and umbilical vein reinfusion and intubated...
February 23, 2018: Neonatology
Abigail White, Sabin J Bozso, Michael C Moon
PURPOSE: Thyrotoxicosis-induced cardiomyopathy (TCM) is a rare, potentially life-threatening complication requiring extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for temporary mechanical support while a euthyroid state is being achieved. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The current review searched Ovid Medline and PubMed for all relevant studies reported in English from January 1, 1970 to December 31, 2017. We included studies where patients were diagnosed with thyrotoxicosis, eventually deteriorating into TCM, requiring veno-arterial ECMO...
February 3, 2018: Journal of Critical Care
Morgan Moroi, Madison Force, Shigang Wang, Allen R Kunselman, Akif Ündar
The objective was to assess the i-cor electrocardiogram-synchronized diagonal pump in terms of hemodynamic energy properties for off-label use in neonatal and pediatric extracorporeal life support (ECLS) circuits. The neonatal circuit consisted of an i-cor pump and console, a Medos Hilite 800 LT oxygenator, an 8Fr arterial cannula, a 10Fr venous cannula, 91 cm of 0.6-cm ID arterial tubing, and 91 cm of 0.6-cm ID venous tubing. The pediatric circuit was identical except it included a 12Fr arterial cannula, a 14Fr venous cannula, and a Medos Hilite 2400 LT oxygenator...
February 23, 2018: Artificial Organs
Eddy Fan, Daniel Brodie, Arthur S Slutsky
Importance: Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a life-threatening form of respiratory failure that affects approximately 200 000 patients each year in the United States, resulting in nearly 75 000 deaths annually. Globally, ARDS accounts for 10% of intensive care unit admissions, representing more than 3 million patients with ARDS annually. Objective: To review advances in diagnosis and treatment of ARDS over the last 5 years. Evidence Review: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews from 2012 to 2017 focusing on randomized clinical trials, meta-analyses, systematic reviews, and clinical practice guidelines...
February 20, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Kevin Johnson, Marcus D Jarboe, George B Mychaliska, Ryan P Barbaro, Peter Rycus, Ronald B Hirschl, Samir K Gadepalli
BACKGROUND: Neurologic complications are common, and amongst the most devastating complications in pediatric patients undergoing extracorporeal life support (ECLS). Carotid artery cannulation (CAN) has been associated with an increase in these complications, thereby shaping practices to avoid this approach in most pediatric patients in which other cannulation approaches are viable. METHODS: A retrospective review of children (0-18years) in the ELSO database was undertaken from 1989 through 2013...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Philippe Grieshaber, Tobias Schneider, Lukas Oster, Coskun Orhan, Peter Roth, Bernd Niemann, Andreas Böning
INTRODUCTION: Prophylactic intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation (pIABC) is recommended for high-risk patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery. Criteria for high-risk patients benefiting from pIABC are unclear. This study aimed to specifically describe the effect of pIABC on outcomes of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) undergoing CABG. METHODS: In 178 of 484 AMI patients (non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction [NSTEMI] or ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction [STEMI] ≤5 days before surgery) without cardiogenic shock who underwent CABG between 2008 and 2013, pIABC was initiated preoperatively...
February 1, 2018: Perfusion
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