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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219874/experiences-of-community-dwelling-older-adults-with-the-use-of-telecare-in-home-care-services-a-qualitative-systematic-review
#1
Cecilie Karlsen, Mette Spliid Ludvigsen, Carl Erik Moe, Kristin Haraldstad, Elin Thygesen
BACKGROUND: The aging population will lead to a rise in the number of people with age-related diseases, and increasing demand for home care services. Telecare is seen as a solution to this challenge by promoting aging in place. Nevertheless, there is still a poor understanding of older adults' experiences with the actual use of telecare. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to identify and synthesize the best available qualitative evidence of community-dwelling older adults' experience with the use of telecare in home care services...
December 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209803/-ourpuppet-caring-support-with-an-interactive-puppet-for-informal-caregivers-opportunities-and-challenges-in-the-social-and-technical-developmental-process
#2
REVIEW
Andrea Kuhlmann, Verena Reuter, Renate Schramek, Todor Dimitrov, Matthias Görnig, Eva-Maria Matip, Olaf Matthies, Edwin Naroska
BACKGROUND: The "OurPuppet" project comprises a sensor-based, interactive puppet that will be developed to communicate with people in need of care during a short period of absence of the informal caregiver. Specially qualified puppet guides will support the use of the new technical development. They instruct people with dementia and caregivers on how to use the puppet and supervise the (informal) care relationship through discussions on a regular basis. OBJECTIVES: The article shows the specific components of users' needs for which the concrete technical development should find answers...
December 5, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208017/a-multisession-evaluation-of-an-adaptive-competitive-arm-rehabilitation-game
#3
Maja Goršič, Imre Cikajlo, Nika Goljar, Domen Novak
BACKGROUND: People with neurological injuries such as stroke should exercise frequently and intensely to regain their motor abilities, but are generally hindered by lack of motivation. One way to increase motivation in rehabilitation is through competitive exercises, but such exercises have only been tested in single brief sessions and usually did not adapt difficulty to the patient's abilities. METHODS: We designed a competitive arm rehabilitation game for two players that dynamically adapts its difficulty to both players' abilities...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206159/energy-management-in-smart-cities-based-on-internet-of-things-peak-demand-reduction-and-energy-savings
#4
Chinmaya Mahapatra, Akshaya Kumar Moharana, Victor C M Leung
Around the globe, innovation with integrating information and communication technologies (ICT) with physical infrastructure is a top priority for governments in pursuing smart, green living to improve energy efficiency, protect the environment, improve the quality of life, and bolster economy competitiveness. Cities today faces multifarious challenges, among which energy efficiency of homes and residential dwellings is a key requirement. Achieving it successfully with the help of intelligent sensors and contextual systems would help build smart cities of the future...
December 5, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204367/protein-and-fat-meal-content-increase-insulin-requirement-in-children-with-type-1-diabetes-role-of-duration-of-diabetes
#5
M van der Hoogt, J C van Dyk, R C Dolman, M Pieters
Background and objective: Hyperglycaemia remains a challenge in type 1 diabetes since current regimes used to determine meal insulin requirements prove to be ineffective. This is particularly problematic for meals containing high amounts of protein and fat. We aimed to determine the post-prandial glycaemic response and total insulin need for mixed meals, using sensor-augmented insulin pumps in children with type 1 diabetes. Methods: Twenty-two children with type 1 diabetes, aged 4-17 years on insulin pump therapy completed this home-based, cross-over, randomised controlled trial...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical & Translational Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198369/a-practical-step-length-algorithm-using-lower-limb-angular-velocities
#6
E Allseits, V Agrawal, J Lučarević, R Gailey, I Gaunaurd, C Bennett
The use of Inertial Measurement Units (IMUs) for spatial gait analysis has opened the door to unconstrained measurements within the home and community. Bandwidth, cost limitations, and ease of use has historically restricted the number and location of sensors worn on the body. In this paper, we describe a four-sensor configuration of IMUs placed on the shanks and thighs that is sufficient to provide an accurate measure of temporal gait parameters, spatial gait parameters, and joint angle dynamics during ambulation...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186869/screen-printed-graphite-electrodes-as-low-cost-devices-for-oxygen-gas-detection-in-room-temperature-ionic-liquids
#7
Junqiao Lee, Ghulam Hussain, Craig E Banks, Debbie S Silvester
Screen-printed graphite electrodes (SPGEs) have been used for the first time as platforms to detect oxygen gas in room-temperature ionic liquids (RTILs). Up until now, carbon-based SPEs have shown inferior behaviour compared to platinum and gold SPEs for gas sensing with RTIL solvents. The electrochemical reduction of oxygen (O₂) in a range of RTILs has therefore been explored on home-made SPGEs, and is compared to the behaviour on commercially-available carbon SPEs (C-SPEs). Six common RTILs are initially employed for O₂ detection using cyclic voltammetry (CV), and two RTILs ([C₂mim][NTf₂] and [C₄mim][PF₆]) chosen for further detailed analytical studies...
November 26, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186786/a-radar-based-smart-sensor-for-unobtrusive-elderly-monitoring-in-ambient-assisted-living-applications
#8
(no author information available yet)
Continuous in-home monitoring of older adults living alone aims to improve their quality of life and independence, by detecting early signs of illness and functional decline or emergency conditions. To meet requirements for technology acceptance by seniors (unobtrusiveness, non-intrusiveness, and privacy-preservation), this study presents and discusses a new smart sensor system for the detection of abnormalities during daily activities, based on ultra-wideband radar providing rich, not privacy-sensitive, information useful for sensing both cardiorespiratory and body movements, regardless of ambient lighting conditions and physical obstructions (through-wall sensing)...
November 24, 2017: Biosensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175999/modern-fertility-awareness-methods-wrist-wearables-capture-the-changes-of-temperature-associated-with-the-menstrual-cycle
#9
Mohaned Shilaih, Brianna M Goodale, Lisa Falco, Florian Kübler, Valerie De Clerck, Brigitte Leeners
Core and peripheral body temperatures are affected by changes in reproductive hormones during the menstrual cycle. Women worldwide use the basal body temperature (BBT) method to aid and prevent conception. However, prior research suggests taking one's daily temperature can prove inconvenient and subject to environmental factors. We investigate whether a more automatic, non-invasive temperature measurement system can detect changes in temperature across the menstrual cycle. We examined how wrist-skin temperature (WST), measured with wearable sensors, correlates with urinary tests of ovulation and may serve as a new method of fertility tracking...
November 24, 2017: Bioscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166616/the-aryl-hydrocarbon-receptor-preferentially-marks-and-promotes-gut-regulatory-t-cells
#10
Jian Ye, Ju Qiu, John W Bostick, Aki Ueda, Hilde Schjerven, Shiyang Li, Christian Jobin, Zong-Ming E Chen, Liang Zhou
The local environment may affect the development and function of tissue-resident T regulatory cells (Tregs), which are crucial for controlling inflammation. Although the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (Ahr), an environmental sensor, is expressed by Tregs, its role in Treg cell development and/or function remains elusive. Here, we generated mouse genetic models to ablate or activate Ahr expression specifically in Tregs. We showed that Ahr was expressed more abundantly by peripherally induced Tregs (pTregs) in the gut and that its expression was independent of microbiota...
November 21, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159870/predictive-hyperglycemia-and-hypoglycemia-minimization-in-home-double-blind-randomized-controlled-evaluation-in-children-and-young-adolescents
#11
Gregory P Forlenza, Dan Raghinaru, Faye Cameron, B Wayne Bequette, H Peter Chase, R Paul Wadwa, David M Maahs, Emily Jost, Trang T Ly, Darrell M Wilson, Lisa Norlander, Laya Ekhlaspour, Hyojin Min, Paula Clinton, Nelly Njeru, John W Lum, Craig Kollman, Roy W Beck, Bruce A Buckingham
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this trial was to evaluate the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of a predictive hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia minimization (PHHM) system vs predictive low glucose suspension (PLGS) alone in optimizing overnight glucose control in children 6 to 14 years old. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Twenty-eight participants 6 to 14 years old with T1D duration ≥1 year with daily insulin therapy ≥12 months and on insulin pump therapy for ≥6 months were randomized per night into PHHM mode or PLGS-only mode for 42 nights...
November 20, 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157726/adaptive-and-technology-independent-architecture-for-fault-tolerant-distributed-aal-solutions
#12
Michael Schmidt, Roman Obermaisser
Today's architectures for Ambient Assisted Living (AAL) must cope with a variety of challenges like flawless sensor integration and time synchronization (e.g. for sensor data fusion) while abstracting from the underlying technologies at the same time. Furthermore, an architecture for AAL must be capable to manage distributed application scenarios in order to support elderly people in all situations of their everyday life. This encompasses not just life at home but in particular the mobility of elderly people (e...
November 6, 2017: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150090/graph-based-representation-of-behavior-in-detection-and-prediction-of-daily-living-activities
#13
Piotr Augustyniak, Grażyna Ślusarczyk
Various surveillance systems capture signs of human activities of daily living (ADLs) and store multimodal information as time line behavioral records. In this paper, we present a novel approach to the analysis of a behavioral record used in a surveillance system designed for use in elderly smart homes. The description of a subject's activity is first decomposed into elementary poses - easily detectable by dedicated intelligent sensors - and represented by the share coefficients. Then, the activity is represented in the form of an attributed graph, where nodes correspond to elementary poses...
November 10, 2017: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145749/first-experiences-with-a-wearable-multisensor-device-in-a-noninvasive-continuous-glucose-monitoring-study-at-home-part-ii-the-investigators-view
#14
Mattia Zanon, Martin Mueller, Pavel Zakharov, Mark S Talary, Marc Donath, Werner A Stahel, Andreas Caduff
BACKGROUND: Extensive past work showed that noninvasive continuous glucose monitoring with a wearable multisensor device worn on the upper arm provides useful information about glucose trends to improve diabetes therapy in controlled and semicontrolled conditions. METHOD: To test previous findings also in uncontrolled conditions, a long term at home study has been organized to collect multisensor and reference glucose data in a population of 20 type 1 diabetes subjects...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145507/light-sensors-for-objective-light-measurement-in-ambulatory-polysomnography
#15
Rachel Schembri, Jo Spong, Allison Peters, Peter Rochford, Philip Wilksch, Fergal J O'Donoghue, Kenneth M Greenwood, Maree Barnes, Gerard A Kennedy, David J Berlowitz
Ambulatory polysomnography (PSG) does not commonly include an objective measure of light to determine the time of lights off (Loff), and thus cannot be used to calculate important indices such as sleep onset latency and sleep efficiency. This study examined the technical specifications and appropriateness of a prototype light sensor (LS) for use in ambulatory Compumedics Somte PSG.Two studies were conducted. The first examined the light measurement characteristics of the LS when used with a portable PSG device, specifically recording trace range, linearity, sensitivity, and stability...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136327/long-term-follow-up-after-implantation-of-a-telemetric-intraocular-pressure-sensor-in-patients-with-glaucoma-a-safety-report
#16
Antonis Koutsonas, Peter Walter, Gernot Roessler, Niklas Plange
IMPORTANCE: To investigate the long-term safety of a novel intraocular telemetric pressure sensor. BACKGROUND: Acquisition of accurate intraocular pressure (IOP) data is vital for sufficient medical care of glaucoma patients. Non-invasive self-tonometry with a telemetric IOP sensor can provide important information regarding the individual IOP profile. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of long-term follow-up data assessed during outpatient visits in a university hospital...
November 14, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136307/using-electromagnetic-articulography-to-measure-denture-micromovement-during-chewing-with-and-without-denture-adhesive
#17
Phyllis Hoke, Mark Tiede, Julie Grender, Malgorzata Klukowska, Jill Peters, Gregory Carr
PURPOSE: To study the effects of denture adhesive upon denture micromovements in three dimensions during the chewing of hard, sticky, and tough food items observed using a novel method involving an electromagnetic articulograph (EMA) speech research system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten volunteers (mean age 60.9 ± 10.4 years) with fair- or poor-fitting complete maxillary dentures were enrolled. Chewing experiments were conducted using two treatments (adhesive or no-adhesive control) and three foods: carrots (hard), raisins (sticky), and processed meat stick (tough)...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131868/design-of-the-smart-home-system-based-on-the-optimal-routing-algorithm-and-zigbee-network
#18
Dengying Jiang, Ling Yu, Fei Wang, Xiaoxia Xie, Yongsheng Yu
To improve the traditional smart home system, its electric wiring, networking technology, information transmission and facility control are studied. In this paper, we study the electric wiring, networking technology, information transmission and facility control to improve the traditional smart home system. First, ZigBee is used to replace the traditional electric wiring. Second, a network is built to connect lots of wireless sensors and facilities, thanks to the capability of ZigBee self-organized network and Genetic Algorithm-Particle Swarm Optimization Algorithm (GA-PSOA) to search for the optimal route...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111785/an-explorative-study-on-the-efficacy-and-feasibility-of-the-use-of-motivational-interviewing-to-improve-footwear-adherence-in-persons-with-diabetes-at-high-risk-of-foot-ulceration
#19
Renske Keukenkamp, Maarten J Merkx, Tessa E Busch-Westbroek, Sicco A Bus
BACKGROUND: In this explorative study we assessed the effect and feasibility of using motivational interviewing to improve footwear adherence in persons with diabetes who are at high-risk of foot ulceration and show low adherence to wearing prescribed custom-made footwear. METHODS: Thirteen persons with diabetes, ulcer history, and low footwear adherence (i.e. <80% of steps taken in prescription footwear) were randomly assigned to standard education (i.e. verbal and written instructions) or to standard education added with two 45-minute sessions of motivational interviewing...
November 7, 2017: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102999/prospective-cohort-study-to-investigate-the-burden-and-transmission-of-acute-gastroenteritis-in-care-homes-a-study-protocol
#20
Thomas Inns, Anna Pulawska-Czub, John P Harris, Roberto Vivancos, Jonathan M Read, Nicholas J Beeching, David J Allen, Miren Iturriza-Gomara, Sarah J O'Brien
INTRODUCTION: Noroviruses are the leading cause of acute gastroenteritis in all age groups, but illness is more severe and causes excess mortality in the elderly, particularly those in long-term care. The total burden of norovirus disease in the elderly in the UK is poorly defined; no current surveillance programmes systematically or accurately quantify norovirus infection in those living in care homes. The aim of this study is to evaluate an enhanced surveillance system for acute gastroenteritis among the elderly in care homes...
November 3, 2017: BMJ Open
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