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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431584/monitoring-quality-and-coverage-of-harm-reduction-services-for-people-who-use-drugs-a-consensus-study
#1
Lucas Wiessing, Marica Ferri, Vendula Běláčková, Patrizia Carrieri, Samuel R Friedman, Cinta Folch, Kate Dolan, Brian Galvin, Peter Vickerman, Jeffrey V Lazarus, Viktor Mravčík, Mirjam Kretzschmar, Vana Sypsa, Ana Sarasa-Renedo, Anneli Uusküla, Dimitrios Paraskevis, Luis Mendão, Diana Rossi, Nadine van Gelder, Luke Mitcheson, Letizia Paoli, Cristina Diaz Gomez, Maitena Milhet, Nicoleta Dascalu, Jonathan Knight, Gordon Hay, Eleni Kalamara, Roland Simon, Catherine Comiskey, Carla Rossi, Paul Griffiths
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Despite advances in our knowledge of effective services for people who use drugs over the last decades globally, coverage remains poor in most countries, while quality is often unknown. This paper aims to discuss the historical development of successful epidemiological indicators and to present a framework for extending them with additional indicators of coverage and quality of harm reduction services, for monitoring and evaluation at international, national or subnational levels...
April 22, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431502/inequalities-in-health-care-utilization-for-common-childhood-illnesses-in-ethiopia-evidence-from-the-2011-ethiopian-demographic-and-health-survey
#2
Asmamaw Atnafu Ayalneh, Dagnachew Muluye Fetene, Tae Jin Lee
BACKGROUND: Globally, 5.9 million children under the age of five died in 2015. More than half and almost one-third of those deaths occurred in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, respectively. Diarrhea and Pneumonia, which were the major causes of the problem, accounted for more than two million deaths of the world's youngest children every year. Like other developing countries, child health services utilization is low in Ethiopia. The aim of this study was to identify the determinant factors for the inequalities in medical treatment seeking behavior for common childhood illnesses in Ethiopia...
April 21, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431108/investments-in-children-s-health-and-the-kenyan-cash-transfer-for-orphans-and-vulnerable-children-evidence-from-an-unconditional-cash-transfer-scheme
#3
Carolyn Huang, Kavita Singh, Sudhanshu Handa, Carolyn Halpern, Audrey Pettifor, Harsha Thirumurthy
Child mortality is one of the most pressing global health and policy issues in the developing world. The leading drivers of death-pneumonia, diarrhea and malaria-are preventable and treatable. However, these illnesses are exacerbated by a lack of accessible nutrition, water, basic and preventive health services, and sanitary living conditions-all factors which are more likely to disproportionately impact the poor. We examine whether Kenya's largest social protection impacts children's incidence of upper respiratory illness...
April 18, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430830/assessment-of-global-kidney-health-care-status
#4
Aminu K Bello, Adeera Levin, Marcello Tonelli, Ikechi G Okpechi, John Feehally, David Harris, Kailash Jindal, Babatunde L Salako, Ahmed Rateb, Mohamed A Osman, Bilal Qarni, Syed Saad, Meaghan Lunney, Natasha Wiebe, Feng Ye, David W Johnson
Importance: Kidney disease is a substantial worldwide clinical and public health problem, but information about available care is limited. Objective: To collect information on the current state of readiness, capacity, and competence for the delivery of kidney care across countries and regions of the world. Design, Setting, and Participants: Questionnaire survey administered from May to September 2016 by the International Society of Nephrology (ISN) to 130 ISN-affiliated countries with sampling of key stakeholders (national nephrology society leadership, policy makers, and patient organization representatives) identified by the country and regional nephrology leadership through the ISN...
April 21, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430088/informatics-for-health-2017-advancing-both-science-and-practice
#5
Philip J Scott, Ronald Cornet, Colin McCowan, Niels Peek, Paolo Fraccaro, Nophar Geifman, Wouter T Gude, William Hulme, Glen P Martin, Richard Williams
INTRODUCTION: The Informatics for Health congress, 24-26 April 2017, in Manchester, UK, brought together the Medical Informatics Europe (MIE) conference and the Farr Institute International Conference. This special issue of the Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics contains 113 presentation abstracts and 149 poster abstracts from the congress. DISCUSSION: The twin programmes of "Big Data" and "Digital Health" are not always joined up by coherent policy and investment priorities...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427875/easl-2017-clinical-practice-guidelines-on-the-management-of-hepatitis-b-virus-infection
#6
Pietro Lampertico, Kosh Agarwal, Thomas Berg, Maria Buti, Harry L A Janssen, George Papatheodoridis, Fabien Zoulim, Frank Tacke
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection remains a global public health problem with changing epidemiology due to several factors including vaccination policies and migration. This Clinical Practice Guideline presents updated recommendations for the optimal management of HBV infection. Chronic HBV infection can be classified into five phases: (I) HBeAg-positive chronic infection, (II) HBeAg-positive chronic hepatitis, (III) HBeAg-negative chronic infection, (IV) HBeAg-negative chronic hepatitis and (V) HBsAg-negative phase...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427847/tetanus-vaccines-who-position-paper-february-2017-recommendations
#7
(no author information available yet)
This article presents the World Health Organization's (WHO) recommendations on the use of tetanus toxoid (TT) vaccines excerpted from the WHO position paper on tetanus vaccines - February 2017, published in the Weekly Epidemiological Record [1]. This position paper replaces the May 2006 WHO position paper on tetanus vaccines (Tetanus vaccines: WHO position paper, 2006). The position paper summarizes the recent developments in the field of tetanus prevention and provides revised guidance on the optimal timing of recommended tetanus vaccine booster doses...
April 17, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426114/infectious-diseases-and-migrant-worker-health-in-singapore-a-receiving-country-s-perspective
#8
Sapna P Sadarangani, Poh Lian Lim, Shawn Vasoo
Background.: Approximately 1.4 million migrant workers reside in Singapore, presenting unique infectious disease challenges to both migrants and Singapore. Methods.: A Pubmed, MEDLINE (Ovid), EBSCO Host (Global Health) and Google Scholar search was performed for both peer, non-peer reviewed articles and reports relevant to migrant health in Singapore, published between 1 January 1989 and 1 September 2016. Additional studies were identified from citations within searched articles...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425170/rheumatoid-arthritis-as-underlying-cause-of-death-in-31-countries-1987-2011-trend-analysis-of-who-mortality-database
#9
Aliasghar A Kiadaliri, David T Felson, Tuhina Neogi, Martin Englund
Objective To examine trends in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) as an underlying cause of death (UCD) in 31 countries across the globe during 1987-2011. Methods Data on mortality and population were collected from the World Health Organization mortality database and the United Nations. Age-standardized mortality rates (ASMR) were calculated by means of direct standardization. We applied joinpoint regression analysis for trend analysis. Between-country disparities were examined using between-country variance, and Gini coefficient...
April 20, 2017: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425023/challenges-and-opportunities-in-global-mental-health-a-research-to-practice-perspective
#10
REVIEW
Milton L Wainberg, Pamela Scorza, James M Shultz, Liat Helpman, Jennifer J Mootz, Karen A Johnson, Yuval Neria, Jean-Marie E Bradford, Maria A Oquendo, Melissa R Arbuckle
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Globally, the majority of those who need mental health care worldwide lack access to high-quality mental health services. Stigma, human resource shortages, fragmented service delivery models, and lack of research capacity for implementation and policy change contribute to the current mental health treatment gap. In this review, we describe how health systems in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are addressing the mental health gap and further identify challenges and priority areas for future research...
May 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424995/the-emergence-of-vancomycin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-in-an-intensive-care-unit-in-kerman-iran
#11
Yasser Fasihi, Fereshteh Saffari, Shahla Mansouri, Davood Kalantar-Neyestanaki
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a global threat to public health. This study is the first report of the emergence of vancomycin-resistant MRSA in Kerman, Iran. During a period of 15 months, a total of 205 clinical isolates of S. aureus were collected from three university hospitals affiliated with the Kerman University of Medical Science, Kerman, Iran. Screening of methicillin and vancomycin resistance was carried out by phenotypic methods. The resistance and virulence genes of vancomycin-resistant isolates were detected by polymerase chain reaction (PCR)...
April 19, 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421292/phylogenetic-insight-into-zika-and-emerging-viruses-for-a-perspective-on-potential-hosts
#12
Diana S Weber, Karen A Alroy, Samuel M Scheiner
Global viral diversity is substantial, but viruses that contribute little to the public health burden or to agricultural damage receive minimal attention until a seemingly unimportant virus becomes a threat. The Zika virus (ZIKV) illustrated this, as there was limited information and awareness of the virus when it was identified as a public health emergency in February 2016. Predicting which virus may pose a future threat is difficult. This is in part because significant knowledge gaps in the basic biology and ecology of an emerging virus can impede policy development, delay decision making, and hinder public health action...
April 18, 2017: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420401/using-media-to-impact-health-policy-making-an-integrative-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Lama Bou-Karroum, Fadi El-Jardali, Nour Hemadi, Yasmine Faraj, Utkarsh Ojha, Maher Shahrour, Andrea Darzi, Maha Ali, Carine Doumit, Etienne V Langlois, Jad Melki, Gladys Honein AbouHaidar, Elie A Akl
INTRODUCTION: Media interventions can potentially play a major role in influencing health policies. This integrative systematic review aimed to assess the effects of planned media interventions-including social media-on the health policy-making process. METHODS: Eligible study designs included randomized and non-randomized designs, economic studies, process evaluation studies, stakeholder analyses, qualitative methods, and case studies. We electronically searched Medline, EMBASE, Communication and Mass Media Complete, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and the WHO Global Health Library...
April 18, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420381/operations-research-in-global-health-a-scoping-review-with-a-focus-on-the-themes-of-health-equity-and-impact
#14
REVIEW
Beverly D Bradley, Tiffany Jung, Ananya Tandon-Verma, Bassem Khoury, Timothy C Y Chan, Yu-Ling Cheng
BACKGROUND: Operations research (OR) is a discipline that uses advanced analytical methods (e.g. simulation, optimisation, decision analysis) to better understand complex systems and aid in decision-making. Herein, we present a scoping review of the use of OR to analyse issues in global health, with an emphasis on health equity and research impact. A systematic search of five databases was designed to identify relevant published literature. A global overview of 1099 studies highlights the geographic distribution of OR and common OR methods used...
April 18, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419559/impact-of-the-global-burden-of-periodontal-diseases-on-health-nutrition-and-wellbeing-of-mankind-a-call-for-global-action
#15
Maurizio S Tonetti, Søren Jepsen, Lijian Jin, Joan Otomo-Corgel
BACKGROUND: The global burden of periodontal diseases remains high. Population growth trends, changes in risk factors and improved tooth retention will increase the socio-economic burden of periodontitis that is responsible for 3,5 million years lived with disability, 54 billion USD/year in lost productivity and a major portion of the 442 billion USD/year cost for oral diseases. METHODS: In the context of the Milan World Exhibition 2015 "Feeding the Planet, Energy for Life", a green paper was developed and offered for global consultation by the European Federation of Periodontology...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419529/critical-discourse-analysis-of-social-justice-in-nursing-s-foundational-documents
#16
Claire P Valderama-Wallace
OBJECTIVE: Social inequities threaten the health of the global population. A superficial acknowledgement of social justice by nursing's foundational documents may limit the degree to which nurses view injustice as relevant to nursing practice and education. The purpose was to examine conceptualizations of social justice and connections to broader contexts in the most recent editions. DESIGN: Critical discourse analysis examines and uncovers dynamics related to power, language, and inequality within the American Nurses Association's Code of Ethics, Scope and Standards of Practice, and Social Policy Statement...
April 17, 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417983/an-approach-to-and-web-based-tool-for-infectious-disease-outbreak-intervention-analysis
#17
Ashlynn R Daughton, Nicholas Generous, Reid Priedhorsky, Alina Deshpande
Infectious diseases are a leading cause of death globally. Decisions surrounding how to control an infectious disease outbreak currently rely on a subjective process involving surveillance and expert opinion. However, there are many situations where neither may be available. Modeling can fill gaps in the decision making process by using available data to provide quantitative estimates of outbreak trajectories. Effective reduction of the spread of infectious diseases can be achieved through collaboration between the modeling community and public health policy community...
April 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417293/improvement-of-geographic-disparities-amelioration-or-displacement
#18
Dajun Dai, Richard Rothenberg, Ruiyan Luo, Scott R Weaver, Christine E Stauber
Progression of geographic disparities in social determinants of health is a global concern. Using an Urban Health Index (UHI) approach, we proposed a framework of examining the change of geographic disparities in social determinants in small areas. Using the City of Atlanta in Georgia (USA) as a case study, we standardized six census-based social determinant indicators in 2000 and in 2010, respectively, and calculated their geometric mean to assign each census tract a UHI value for 2000 and for 2010. We then evaluated the temporal change of the UHIs in relation to the demographic changes using spatial and statistical methods...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416560/horizontal-schools-based-health-programme-in-rural-kenya
#19
James Bogie, Ben Eder, Dan Magnus, Onguko David Amonje, Martina Gant
BACKGROUND: Primary school children in low-income countries are at risk of many diseases and poor health affects attendance, cognition and ability to learn. Developing school health and nutrition strategies has been extensively highlighted as a global priority, with a particular focus on complex programme design. However, such programmes are relatively untested in low-income settings. METHOD: We implemented a complex school health and nutrition programme in two schools in Western Kenya over 3 years...
April 17, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415857/sharing-data-to-build-a-medical-information-commons-from-bermuda-to-the-global-alliance
#20
Robert Cook-Deegan, Rachel A Ankeny, Kathryn Maxson Jones
The Human Genome Project modeled its open science ethos on nematode biology, most famously through daily release of DNA sequence data based on the 1996 Bermuda Principles. That open science philosophy persists, but daily, unfettered release of data has had to adapt to constraints occasioned by the use of data from individual people, broader use of data not only by scientists but also by clinicians and individuals, the global reach of genomic applications and diverse national privacy and research ethics laws, and the rising prominence of a diverse commercial genomics sector...
April 17, 2017: Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics
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