keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

global health policy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544416/global-analysis-of-strategies-to-tackle-antimicrobial-resistance
#1
Funke Adeniji
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a global public health issue driven by inappropriate use of antimicrobials resulting in decreased efficacy on the background of an extremely limited pipeline for new antibiotics. We sought to analyse the effectiveness of key policies and strategies in tackling AMR globally and identify gaps in these. METHOD: The scope, magnitude, history and drivers of AMR were reviewed using supporting evidence. Our methodology included a literature review and semi-structured survey, whilst the analyses process was guided by an adapted health policy analyses framework...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543419/flu-floods-and-fire-ethical-public-health-preparedness
#2
REVIEW
Alexandra L Phelan, Lawrence O Gostin
Even as public health ethics was developing as a field, major incidents such as 9/11 and the SARS epidemic propelled discourse around public health emergency preparedness and response. Policy and practice shifted to a multidisciplinary approach, recognizing the broad range of potential threats to public health, including biological, physical, radiological, and chemical threats. This propelled the development of surveillance systems to detect incidents, laboratory capacities to rapidly test for potential threats, and therapeutic and social countermeasures to prepare for and respond to a range of hazards...
May 2017: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542394/incorporating-public-priorities-in-the-ocean-health-index-canada-as-a-case-study
#3
Rémi M Daigle, Philippe Archambault, Benjamin S Halpern, Julia S Stewart Lowndes, Isabelle M Côté
The Ocean Health Index (OHI) is a framework to assess ocean health by considering many benefits (called 'goals') provided by the ocean provides to humans, such as food provision, tourism opportunities, and coastal protection. The OHI framework can be used to assess marine areas at global or regional scales, but how various OHI goals should be weighted to reflect priorities at those scales remains unclear. In this study, we adapted the framework in two ways for application to Canada as a case study. First, we customized the OHI goals to create a national Canadian Ocean Health Index (COHI)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541422/where-women-go-to-deliver-understanding-the-changing-landscape-of-childbirth-in-africa-and-asia
#4
Dominic Montagu, May Sudhinaraset, Nadia Diamond-Smith, Oona Campbell, Sabine Gabrysch, Lynn Freedman, Margaret E Kruk, France Donnay
Growing evidence from a number of countries in Asia and Africa documents a large shift towards facility deliveries in the past decade. These increases have not led to the improvements in health outcomes that were predicted by health policy researchers in the past. In light of this unexpected evidence, we have assessed data from multiple sources, including nationally representative data from 43 countries in Asia and Africa, to understand the size and range of changing delivery location in Asia and Africa. We have reviewed the policies, programs and financing experiences in multiple countries to understand the drivers of changing practices, and the consequences for maternal and neonatal health and the health systems serving women and newborns...
May 25, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538021/global-surgery-current-evidence-for-improving-surgical-care
#5
Jennifer C Fuller, David A Shaye
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The field of global surgery is undergoing rapid transformation, owing to several recent prominent reports positioning it as a cost-effective means of relieving global disease burden. The purpose of this article is to review the recent advances in the field of global surgery. RECENT FINDINGS: Efforts to grow the global surgical workforce and procedural capacity have focused on innovative methods to increase surgeon training, enhance international collaboration, leverage technology, optimize existing health systems, and safely implement task-sharing...
May 19, 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535398/nurses-occupational-physical-activity-levels-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Stephanie E Chappel, Simone J J M Verswijveren, Brad Aisbett, Julie Considine, Nicola D Ridgers
BACKGROUND: Nurses' physical performance at work has implications both for nurses' occupational health and patient care. Although nurses are the largest healthcare workforce, are present 24-hours a day, and engage in many physically demanding tasks, nurses' occupational physical activity levels are poorly understood. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review was to examine nurses' occupational physical activity levels, and explore how nurses accumulate their physical activity during a shift...
May 10, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535380/development-of-an-international-comorbidity-education-framework
#7
C Lawson, S Pati, J Green, G Messina, A Strömberg, N Nante, D Golinelli, A Verzuri, S White, T Jaarsma, P Walsh, P Lonsdale, U T Kadam
CONTEXT: The increasing number of people living with multiple chronic conditions in addition to an index condition has become an international healthcare priority. Health education curricula have been developed alongside single condition frameworks in health service policy and practice and need redesigning to incorporate optimal management of multiple conditions. AIM: Our aims were to evaluate current teaching and learning about comorbidity care amongst the global population of healthcare students from different disciplines and to develop an International Comorbidity Education Framework (ICEF) for incorporating comorbidity concepts into health education...
May 17, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533531/antimicrobial-resistance-and-antimicrobial-use-animal-monitoring-policies-in-europe-where-are-we
#8
Jorge Pinto Ferreira, Katharina Staerk
The World Health Organization has recognized antimicrobial resistance as one of the top three threats to human health. Any use of antibiotics in animals will ultimately affect humans and vice versa. Appropriate monitoring of antimicrobial use and resistance has been repeatedly emphasized along with the need for global policies. Under the auspices of the European Union research project, EFFORT, we mapped antimicrobial use and resistance monitoring programs in ten European countries. We then compared international and European guidelines and policies...
May 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532556/ethical-challenges-in-the-provision-of-dialysis-in-resource-constrained-environments
#9
REVIEW
Valerie A Luyckx, Ingrid Miljeteig, Addisu M Ejigu, M Rafique Moosa
The number of patients requiring dialysis by 2030 is projected to double worldwide, with the largest increase expected in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Dialysis is seldom considered a high priority by health care funders, consequently, few LMICs develop policies regarding dialysis allocation. Dialysis facilities may exist, but access remains highly inequitable in LMICs. High out-of-pocket payments make dialysis unsustainable and plunge many families into poverty. Patients, families, and clinicians suffer significant emotional and moral distress from daily life-and-death decisions imposed by dialysis...
May 2017: Seminars in Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532308/contributions-of-national-and-global-health-estimates-to-monitoring-health-related-sustainable-development-goals-in-thailand
#10
Kanitta Bundhamcharoen, Supon Limwattananon, Khanitta Kusreesakul, Viroj Tangcharoensathien
The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) triggered increased demand for data on child and maternal mortality for monitoring progress. With the advent of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and growing evidence of an epidemiological transition towards non-communicable diseases, policy makers need data on mortality and disease trends and distribution to inform effective policies and support monitoring progress. Where there are limited capacities to produce national health estimates (NHEs), global health estimates (GHEs) can fill gaps for global monitoring and comparisons...
January 2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532307/global-estimates-of-country-health-indicators-useful-unnecessary-inevitable
#11
Carla AbouZahr, Ties Boerma, Daniel Hogan
BACKGROUND: The MDG era relied on global health estimates to fill data gaps and ensure temporal and cross-country comparability in reporting progress. Monitoring the Sustainable Development Goals will present new challenges, requiring enhanced capacities to generate, analyse, interpret and use country produced data. OBJECTIVE: To summarize the development of global health estimates and discuss their utility and limitations from global and country perspectives. DESIGN: Descriptive paper based on findings of intercountry workshops, reviews of literatureon and synthesis of experiences...
January 2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532305/production-and-use-of-estimates-for-monitoring-progress-in-the-health-sector-the-case-of-bangladesh
#12
Karar Zunaid Ahsan, Tazeen Tahsina, Afrin Iqbal, Nazia Binte Ali, Suman Kanti Chowdhury, Tanvir M Huda, Shams El Arifeen
BACKGROUND:  In order to support the progress towards the post-2015 development agenda for the health sector, the importance of high-quality and timely estimates has become evident both globally and at the country level. OBJECTIVE AND METHODS: Based on desk review, key informant interviews and expert panel discussions, the paper critically reviews health estimates from both the local (i.e. nationally generated information by the government and other agencies) and the global sources (which are mostly modeled or interpolated estimates developed by international organizations based on different sources of information), and assesses the country capacity and monitoring strategies to meet the increasing data demand in the coming years...
January 2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530047/what-is-it-going-to-take-to-move-youth-related-hiv-programme-policies-into-practice-in-africa
#13
Daniella Mark, Lina Taing, Lucie Cluver, Chris Collins, Kate Iorpenda, Catarina Andrade, Luann Hatane
INTRODUCTION: HIV has been reported to be the leading cause of mortality amongst adolescents in Africa. This has brought attention to the changes in service provision and health management that many adolescents living with HIV experience when transferring from specialized paediatric- or adolescent-focused services to adult care. When transition is enacted poorly, adherence may be affected and the continuum of care disrupted. As the population of HIV-infected adolescents grows, effective and supported transition increases in significance as an operational imperative...
May 16, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530033/concomitant-contraceptive-implant-and-efavirenz-use-in-women-living-with-hiv-perspectives-on-current-evidence-and-policy-implications-for-family-planning-and-hiv-treatment-guidelines
#14
REVIEW
Rena C Patel, Chelsea Morroni, Kimberly K Scarsi, Tabitha Sripipatana, James Kiarie, Craig R Cohen
INTRODUCTION: Preventing unintended pregnancies is important among all women, including those living with HIV. Increasing numbers of women, including HIV-positive women, choose progestin-containing subdermal implants, which are one of the most effective forms of contraception. However, drug-drug interactions between contraceptive hormones and efavirenz-based antiretroviral therapy (ART) may reduce implant effectiveness. We present four inter-related perspectives on this issue. DISCUSSION: First, as a case study, we discuss how limited data prompted country-level guidance against the use of implants among women concomitantly using efavirenz in South Africa and its subsequent negative effects on the use of implants in general...
May 11, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529716/epidemiology-of-adulthood-drowning-deaths-in-bangladesh-findings-from-a-nationwide-health-and-injury-survey
#15
Mohammad Jahangir Hossain, Animesh Biswas, Saidur Rahman Mashreky, Fazlur Rahman, Aminur Rahman
Background: Annual global death due to drowning accounts for 372,000 lives, 90% of which occur in low and middle income countries. Life in Bangladesh exposes adults and children to may water bodies for daily household needs, and as a result drowning is common. In Bangladesh, due to lack of systemic data collection, drowning among adults is unknown; most research is focused on childhood drowning. The aim of the present study was to explore the epidemiology of adulthood drowning deaths in Bangladesh. Methodology: A nationwide cross-sectional survey was conducted from January to December in 2003 among 171,366 rural and urban households, with a sample of 819,429 individuals to determine the epidemiology of adulthood drowning in Bangladesh...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529708/yellow-fever-in-the-americas-the-growing-concern-about-new-epidemics
#16
Yeimer Ortiz-Martínez, Andrés Mauricio Patiño-Barbosa, Alfonso J Rodriguez-Morales
Yellow fever (YF) is a haemorrhagic viral disease with a high case fatality rate. It is considered a reemerging infectious disease of remarkable importance. During the last outbreaks in Angola (2015-2016) and Brazil (2016-2017), many cases of YF emerged despite high YF vaccination coverage, increasing the risk of major epidemics in the Americas. Several factors, including the vast border and migratory status of Brazil, the widespread distribution of Aedes mosquitoes and the lack of efficient health policies and surveillance systems, favour this complex epidemiological scenario of reemergence...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528590/a-review-of-bovine-fasciolosis-and-other-trematode-infections-in-nigeria
#17
N Elelu, M C Eisler
Trematode infections cause serious economic losses to livestock worldwide. Global production losses due to fasciolosis alone exceed US$3 billion annually. Many trematode infections are also zoonotic and thus a public health concern. The World Health Organization has estimated that about 56 million people worldwide are infected by at least one zoonotic trematode species, and up to 750 million people are at risk of infection. Fasciolosis caused by the fluke Fasciola gigantica is endemic in Nigeria and is one of the most common causes of liver condemnation in abattoirs...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Helminthology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527534/austerity-and-the-sector-wide-approach-to-health-the-mozambique-experience
#18
James Pfeiffer, Sarah Gimbel, Baltazar Chilundo, Stephen Gloyd, Rachel Chapman, Kenneth Sherr
Fiscal austerity policies imposed by the IMF have reduced investments in social services, leaving post-independence nations like Mozambique struggling to recover from civil war and high disease burden. By 2000, a sector-wide approach (SWAp) was promoted to maximize aid effectiveness. 'Like-minded' bilateral donors, from Europe and Canada, promoted a unified approach to health sector support focusing on joint planning, common basket funding, and streamlined monitoring and evaluation to improve sector coordination, amplify country ownership, and build sustainable health systems...
May 4, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527482/-scientific-research-policy-for-health-in-portugal-i-european-and-national-environment
#19
REVIEW
Cátia Sá Guerreiro, Zulmira Hartz, Luís Sambo, Cláudia Conceição, Gilles Dussault, Giuliano Russo, Miguel Viveiros, Henrique Silveira, Pedro Pita Barros, Paulo Ferrinho
The global debate on scientific research policy for human health has been led by World Health Organisation with important contributions from other stakeholders such as Council on Health Research for Development, the World Bank and the Global Forum for Health Research. Recently it has been dominated by the thematic agendas of major global financiers. There is a growing interest worldwide in making better use of the evidence resulting from scientific research in health, in the decision-making process regarding health policies, which is fraught with difficulties, as it is the case in Europe...
February 27, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526062/polypharmacy-in-multimorbid-older-adults-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#20
Caroline Sirois, Marie-Laure Laroche, Line Guénette, Edeltraut Kröger, Dan Cooper, Valérie Émond
BACKGROUND: Polypharmacy, the concurrent use of multiple medications, consistently evokes a negative connotation, notably because it is associated with a plethora of adverse events. Nonetheless, the number of individuals exposed to polypharmacy is increasing steeply, especially for older people with multiple diseases. There is a need to carefully study the phenomenon at the population scale to full assess the associated health outcomes. Yet, this reveals a complex task because there exists no consensus indicator of polypharmacy...
May 19, 2017: Systematic Reviews
keyword
keyword
86569
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"