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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688185/-facebook-addiction
#1
Balázs Dávid, Attila Körmendi
Among behavioural addictions, addiction towards social media sites are identified, which are subtypes of compulsive internet usage. Among these, the most significant is the so-called Facebook addiction. Scientific experts agree, that this new phenomenon hasn't been known in detail yet, so it needs intensified scientific exploration. Different aspects of the personality are inclined to raise the probability of developing Facebook addiction. Neurotic and narcissistic traits of the personality are modifying the characteristic of Facebook use, and by this tendency, risk the individual for developing addiction...
2018: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688028/transition-to-practice-for-graduate-assistant-athletic-trainers-providing-medical-care-in-the-secondary-school-setting
#2
Jessica L Kirby, Stacy E Walker, Stephanie M Mazerolle
CONTEXT:   Transition to clinical practice can be challenging for newly credentialed athletic trainers (ATs), who are expected to immediately step into their roles as autonomous clinicians. For those providing care in the secondary school setting, this transition may be complicated by the fact that many practice in isolation from other health care providers. OBJECTIVE:   To explore the transition to practice of newly credentialed graduate assistant ATs providing medical care in the secondary school setting...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686521/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-of-secondary-schools-and-university-students-toward-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-epidemic-in-saudi-arabia-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Ali Al-Hazmi, Ibrahim Gosadi, Ali Somily, Sarah Alsubaie, Abdulaziz Bin Saeed
This study was aiming to investigate the knowledge, practice and attitudes of secondary school and university students toward MERS-CoV infection. This is a cross-sectional study conducted in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Study participants were recruited from several constituent colleges of King Saud University and secondary schools in Riyadh. Data were collected using self-administered, closed-ended questionnaires. Frequencies and proportions were computed for descriptive purposes. Chi square test was utilized to depict statistical difference between groups...
March 2018: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685560/high-rates-of-psychiatric-disorders-and-below-normal-mental-capacity-associated-with-spastic-peroneal-flatfoot-a-new-relationship
#4
Önder İsmet Kılıçoğlu, Ahmet Salduz, Fevzi Birişik, Fuat Bilgili, Gökhan Polat, İlyas Kaya, Funda Süleyman, Murat Coşkun
Spastic peroneal flatfoot (SPFF) is a rare hindfoot pathology usually seen in the adolescent age group that is characterized by painful spasms in the peroneal muscles. We have clinically observed that patients with SPFF also have some behavioral and emotional difficulties and problems in their academic achievements. Because of these observations, we investigated the prevalence and patterns of psychiatric disorders and intellectual disability among young subjects with SPFF. Our cohort consisted of 16 patients with SPFF...
May 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685106/tolerability-of-trivalent-inactivated-influenza-vaccine-among-pregnant-women-2015
#5
Suvanna Asavapiriyanont, Wanitchaya Kittikraisak, Piyarat Suntarattiwong, Darunee Ditsungnoen, Surasak Kaoiean, Podjanee Phadungkiatwatana, Nattinee Srisantiroj, Tawee Chotpitayasunondh, Fatimah S Dawood, Kim A Lindblade
BACKGROUND: Thailand recommends influenza vaccination among pregnant women. We conducted a cohort study to determine if the prevalence of adverse events following immunization (AEFIs) with influenza vaccine among Thai pregnant women was similar to that often cited among healthy adults. METHODS: Women who were ≥17 gestational weeks and ≥18 years of age were recruited. Demographic and health history data were collected using structured questionnaires. Women were provided with symptom diary, ruler to measure local reaction(s), and thermometer to measure body temperature...
April 23, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684292/elevated-blood-pressure-and-its-predictors-among-secondary-school-students-in-sarawak-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Woei Feng Grace Kho, Whye Lian Cheah, Helmy Hazmi
OBJECTIVES: Hypertension is a health issue affecting adolescents. Accumulating evidence affirms that elevated blood pressure begins in childhood and tracks into adulthood. This cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the prevalence of elevated blood pressure and its predictors among secondary school students in Sarawak, Malaysia. METHODS: A total of 2,461 secondary school students aged 12-17 years from 19 schools in Sarawak participated in the study. Questionnaire was used to obtain socio-demographic data, parental history of hypertension, and self-reported physical activity...
March 2018: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684029/dispersion-and-oviposition-of-aedes-albopictus-in-a-brazilian-slum-initial-evidence-of-asian-tiger-mosquito-domiciliation-in-urban-environments
#7
Tania Ayllón, Daniel Cardoso Portela Câmara, Fernanda Cristina Morone, Larissa da Silva Gonçalves, Fábio Saito Monteiro de Barros, Patrícia Brasil, Marilia Sá Carvalho, Nildimar Alves Honório
Aedes albopictus, originally considered as a secondary vector for arbovirus transmission, especially in areas where this species co-exist with Aedes aegypti, has been described in most regions of the world. Dispersion and domiciliation of Ae. albopictus in a complex of densely urbanized slums in Rio de Janeiro, Southeastern Brazil, was evidenced. In this study, we tested the hypotheses that 1) Ae. albopictus distribution in urban slums is negatively related to distance from vegetation, and 2) these vectors have taken on a domestic life style with a portion of the population feeding, ovipositing, and resting indoors...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682922/parental-alcohol-drinking-habit-as-a-predictor-of-alcohol-use-among-secondary-school-students-in-barbados
#8
Sarah N Oshi, Wendel D Abel, Daniel C Oshi, Patrice Whitehorne Smith, Tana F Ricketts Roomes, Ijeoma A Meka, Steve Weaver, Tania Rae, Gabrielle Mitchell, Ashley Belinfante, Chinwendu F Agu
Background: In Barbados and the wider Caribbean region, alcohol is widely consumed by adolescents and young people, including those in secondary schools. The high prevalence of alcohol use, and its potential adverse effects are a source of concern to policy makers and the general population, which calls for better understanding of the drivers of this problem. This study thus aimed at investigating whether parental alcohol drinking habit is a predictor of alcohol use among secondary school students in the country...
April 23, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682921/alcohol-drinking-among-primary-school-children-in-trinidad-and-tobago-prevalence-and-associated-risk-factors
#9
Chinwendu F Agu, Daniel C Oshi, Steve Weaver, Wendel D Abel, Tania Rae, Tana F Ricketts Roomes, Sarah N Oshi
Background: Underage alcohol use is a pervasive problem with serious health, social and safety consequences. This study was undertaken to assess alcohol use by primary school children in Trinidad and Tobago, and to identify associated risk factors. Methods: We analysed data collected from 40 primary schools in Trinidad and Tobago by the National Alcohol and Drug Abuse Prevention Programme (NADAPP). The sample comprised of children aged 8 -15 years old, in standards 3, 4 and 5. Result: Out of the 2052 children, 648 (31...
April 23, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682920/investigating-the-role-of-alcohol-in-behavioural-problems-at-school-among-secondary-school-students-in-barbados
#10
Daniel C Oshi, Wendel D Abel, Chinwendu F Agu, Tana F Ricketts Roomes, Steve Weaver, Tania Rae, Patrice Whitehorne Smith, Joy Harrison, Sarah N Oshi
Background: The prevalence of alcohol use is quite high in the Caribbean region, and specifically, in Barbados. Alcohol use has been documented to negatively affect the way students behave within and outside school. This study set out to examine the role alcohol plays in students’ behavioural problems at school. Methods: An analysis of crosssectional data collected during the National Secondary Schools Survey was done. Mean (and standard deviation), frequencies and percentages were computed, and differences in proportions among the groups were assessed using Pearson’s Chi Square...
April 23, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682917/are-adolescents-likely-to-start-smoking-early-if-their-parents-are-smokers-a-study-of-jamaican-high-school-students
#11
Chinwendu F Agu, Steve Weaver, Wendel D Abel, Tania Rae, Sarah N Oshi, Patrice Whitehorne Smith, Kingsley N Ukwaja, Tana Ricketts Roomes, Ijeoma Meka, Daniel C Oshi
Background: The prevalence of cigarette smoking is high among adolescents in the Caribbean, including Jamaica. Age of initiation of cigarette smoking varies among adolescents. A number of factors has been reported to influence early age of initiation of cigarette smoking. The aim of this study was to determine if parental smoking status was associated with early age of onset of cigarette smoking among Jamaican adolescents. Methods: Data from the Jamaican National School Survey (NSS) conducted in 2013 were analysed...
April 23, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681146/single-parent-family-structure-as-a-predictor-of-alcohol-use-among-secondary-school-students-evidence-from-jamaica
#12
Sarah N Oshi, Wendel D Abel, Chinwendu F Agu, Joachim C Omeje, Patrice Whitehorne Smith, Kingsley N Ukwaja, Tana Ricketts Roomes, Ijeoma A Meka, Steve Weaver, Tania Rae, Daniel C Oshi
The aim of this study was to examine the potential relationship between Jamaican secondary students’ alcohol drinking habits and their family structure. Methods: Data collected from a nationally representative survey of 3,365 students were analysed. Descriptive and inferential statistics were performed. Results: Out of the 3,365 students, 1,044 (31.0%) were from single-parent families. Single-parent families, married-parent families and common law-parent families were significantly associated with lifetime use of alcohol (AOR= 1...
April 23, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681145/does-risk-perception-affect-alcohol-consumption-among-secondary-school-students-in-jamaica
#13
Sarah N Oshi, Wendel D Abel, Tana Ricketts Roomes, Ijeoma A Meka, Joy Harrison, Steve Weaver, Chinwendu F Agu, Patrice Whitehorne Smith, Joachim C Omeje, Tania Rae, Daniel C Oshi
Background: Alcohol consumption among young people is a major public health problem world-wide and in Jamaica. A number of factors have been reported to affect alcohol use among high school students. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of perception of the harmfulness of alcohol on alcohol use among secondary school students in Jamaica. Methods: Data collected from a nationally representative sample of 3,365 students were analyzed. Descriptive and inferential statistics were performed using SPSS...
April 23, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681144/a-school-based-study-of-the-influence-of-students%C3%A2-relationship-with-teachers-on-their-cigarette-smoking-behaviour-in-jamaican
#14
Sarah N Oshi, Daniel C Oshi, Steve Weaver, Chinwendu F Agu, Patrice Whitehorne Smith, Tana Ricketts Roomes, Ijeoma A Meka, Tania Rae, Wendel D Abel
Background: Cigarette is one of the most widely used addictive substances and a leading cause of death. Prevalence of cigarette smoking has been reported to be high in the Caribbean, including Jamaica. The aim of this study was to determine whether students’ relationship with teachers influences their cigarette smoking behaviour in Jamaica. Methods: This was a statistical analysis of data based on a nationally representative sample of 3,365 secondary school students drawn from 8th to 12th grade across 38 secondary schools in Jamaica in 2013...
April 23, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681143/alcohol-consumption-and-sexual-risk-behaviour-among-jamaican-adolescents
#15
Chinwendu F Agu, Daniel C Oshi, Wendel D Abel, Tania Rae, Sarah N Oshi, Tana Ricketts-Roomes, Ijeoma A Meka, Joy Harrison, Uche Dimkpa, Steve Weaver
Alcohol consumption has significant health, social and economic implications. Alcohol is the most prevalent psychoactive substance used by Jamaican adolescents. The aim of this study was to determine whether alcohol is associated with sexual risk behaviour among Jamaican adolescents. Methods: The data from National Secondary School Survey (NSS) conducted in 2013 was analysed. Descriptive statistics consisting of frequencies, percentages and Pearson’s Chi square was done. Multivariate analysis was done using binary logistic regression...
April 23, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679862/a-small-scale-study-investigating-staff-and-student-perceptions-of-the-barriers-to-a-preventative-approach-for-adolescent-self-harm-in-secondary-schools-in-wales-a-grounded-theory-model-of-stigma
#16
Rachel Parker
OBJECTIVES: Grounded theory analysis of secondary school staff and pupil perceptions about the barriers to preventative work for adolescent self-harm within the secondary school setting in Wales. STUDY DESIGN: Qualitative and grounded theory. METHODS: Two secondary schools in Wales were purposefully sampled for variation. Four group interviews took place using qualitative research methods (Participatory Rapid Appraisal) with six school-based professionals and six students aged more than 16 years...
April 18, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678971/exploring-the-use-of-a-gamified-intervention-for-encouraging-physical-activity-in-adolescents-a-qualitative-longitudinal-study-in-northern-ireland
#17
Rekesh Corepal, Paul Best, Roisin O'Neill, Mark A Tully, Mark Edwards, Russell Jago, Sarah J Miller, Frank Kee, Ruth F Hunter
OBJECTIVE: To explore the temporal changes of adolescents' views and experiences of participating in a gamified intervention to encourage physical activity behaviour and associated processes of behaviour change. DESIGN: A qualitative longitudinal design was adopted whereby focus groups were conducted with the same participants in each intervention school (n=3) at four time-points (baseline, end of each of two intervention phases and 1-year follow-up). The framework method was used to thematically analyse the data...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678962/open-label-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-and-economic-evaluation-of-a-brief-letter-from-a-gp-on-unscheduled-medical-contacts-associated-with-the-start-of-the-school-year-the-pleasant-trial
#18
Steven A Julious, Michelle J Horspool, Sarah Davis, Matthew Franklin, W Henry Smithson, Paul Norman, Rebecca M Simpson, Heather Elphick, Oscar Bortolami, Cindy Cooper
BACKGROUND: Asthma is seasonal with peaks in exacerbation rates in school-age children associated with the return to school following the summer vacation. A drop in prescription collection in August is associated with an increase in the number of unscheduled contacts after the school return. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether a public health intervention delivered in general practice reduced unscheduled medical contacts in children with asthma. DESIGN: Cluster randomised trial with trial-based economic evaluation...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677581/in-school-service-predictors-of-employment-for-individuals-with-intellectual-disability
#19
Jiyoon Park, Emily Bouck
BACKGROUNDS/AIMS/METHODS: Although there are many secondary data analyses of the National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS-2) to investigate post-school outcome for students with disabilities, there has been a lack of research with in-school service predictors and post-school outcome for students with specific disability categories. METHODS/PROCEDURES: This study was a secondary data analysis of NLTS-2 to investigate the relationship between current employment status and in-school services for individuals with intellectual disability...
April 17, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677187/breastfeeding-during-infancy-and-neurocognitive-function-in-adolescence-16-year-follow-up-of-the-probit-cluster-randomized-trial
#20
Seungmi Yang, Richard M Martin, Emily Oken, Mikhail Hameza, Glen Doniger, Shimon Amit, Rita Patel, Jennifer Thompson, Sheryl L Rifas-Shiman, Konstantin Vilchuck, Natalia Bogdanovich, Michael S Kramer
BACKGROUND: Evidence on the long-term effect of breastfeeding on neurocognitive development is based almost exclusively on observational studies. In the 16-year follow-up study of a large, cluster-randomized trial of a breastfeeding promotion intervention, we evaluated the long-term persistence of the neurocognitive benefits of the breastfeeding promotion intervention previously observed at early school age. METHODS AND FINDINGS: A total of 13,557 participants (79...
April 2018: PLoS Medicine
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