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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922220/implementation-of-a-text-based-content-intervention-in-secondary-social-studies-classes
#1
Jeanne Wanzek, Sharon Vaughn
We describe teacher fidelity (adherence to the components of the treatment as specified by the research team) based on a series of studies of a multicomponent intervention, Promoting Acceleration of Comprehension and Content Through Text (PACT), with middle and high school social studies teachers and their students. Findings reveal that even with highly specified materials and implementing practices that are aligned with effective reading comprehension and content instruction, teachers' fidelity was consistently low for some components and high for others...
December 2016: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921164/m-type-phospholipase-a2-receptor-pla2r-glomerular-staining-in-pediatric-idiopathic-membranous-nephropathy
#2
Shoichiro Kanda, Shigeru Horita, Takeshi Yanagihara, Akira Shimizu, Motoshi Hattori
BACKGROUND: Identifying M-type phospholipase A2 receptor (PLA2R) is a landmark breakthrough for understanding adult idiopathic membranous nephropathy (iMN). However, potential roles for PLA2R in pediatric iMN have not been well investigated. METHODS: A total of 34 pediatric iMN patients who underwent kidney biopsy between 1972 and 2015 were enrolled in this study. The study cohort consisted of 15 children aged from 3 to 9 years and 19 aged from 10 to 15 years...
December 5, 2016: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920942/exploring-the-relationship-between-health-insurance-social-connectedness-and-subjective-social-status-among-residents-of-o-ahu
#3
Lisa M Thompson, Kate A Murray, Sarah Jarvis, Ellen Scarr
Relative position in a social hierarchy, or subjective social status, has been associated with indicators of socioeconomic status and may be influenced by social connectedness. The primary purpose of this study is to explore the relationship between health insurance status and subjective social status, using the MacArthur Scale of Subjective Social Status (SSS, community version), in the state of Hawai'i with its highly insured population. The secondary purpose is to examine other social determinants that influence social status, including social connectedness...
November 2016: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920408/asthma-and-other-allergic-diseases-among-saudi-schoolchildren-in-najran-the-need-for-a-comprehensive-intervention-program
#4
Jobran M Alqahtani
BACKGROUND: In the last three decades, an increasing incidence of allergic diseases has been associated with increasing morbidity and mortality in children and young adults. OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to investigate the prevalence and risk factors associated with allergic diseases among Saudi schoolchildren in the southwestern Saudi region of Najran, and to determine the sensitization of patients to a set of allergens. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study...
November 2016: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920269/same-care-different-populations-return-to-learn-practices-following-concussion-in-primary-and-secondary-schools
#5
Laura S Blackwell, Anna F Robinson, Mark R Proctor, Alex M Taylor
The authors conducted a cross-sectional survey of Massachusetts school nurses examining return-to-learn practices for children recovering from concussion in prekindergarten through high school. Regardless of school setting, all students received academic accommodations to support learning during recovery. School nurses perceived less benefit to prolonged cognitive rest (>4 days) for high school students relative to students in elementary school, but provided academic accommodations to them for comparatively longer periods of time (10-14 days vs 6-10 days)...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919261/caf%C3%A3-a-multicomponent-audit-and-feedback-intervention-to-improve-implementation-of-healthy-food-policy-in-primary-school-canteens-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Sze Lin Yoong, Nicole Nathan, Luke Wolfenden, John Wiggers, Kathryn Reilly, Christopher Oldmeadow, Rebecca Wyse, Rachel Sutherland, Tessa Delaney, Peter Butler, Lisa Janssen, Sarah Preece, Christopher M Williams
BACKGROUND: The implementation of nutrition policies in schools has been recommended as a strategy to improve child dietary intake. Internationally, research suggests that the majority of schools do not implement these policies. In New South Wales (NSW), Australia, the NSW Healthy School Canteen Policy requires that school canteens prohibit the sale of 'red' foods (i.e. foods that are typically nutrient poor and high in energy, such as confectionary and deep-fried foods) and 'banned'drinks (i...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919242/reducing-child-abuse-amongst-adolescents-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-pre-post-trial-in-south-africa
#7
Lucie Cluver, Franziska Meinck, Alexa Yakubovich, Jenny Doubt, Alice Redfern, Catherine Ward, Nasteha Salah, Sachin De Stone, Tshiamo Petersen, Phelisa Mpimpilashe, Rocio Herrero Romero, Lulu Ncobo, Jamie Lachman, Sibongile Tsoanyane, Yulia Shenderovich, Heidi Loening, Jasmina Byrne, Lorraine Sherr, Lauren Kaplan, Frances Gardner
BACKGROUND: No known studies have tested the effectiveness of child abuse prevention programmes for adolescents in low- or middle-income countries. 'Parenting for Lifelong Health' ( http://tiny.cc/whoPLH ) is a collaborative project to develop and rigorously test abuse-prevention parenting programmes for free use in low-resource contexts. Research aims of this first pre-post trial in South Africa were: i) to identify indicative effects of the programme on child abuse and related outcomes; ii) to investigate programme safety for testing in a future randomised trial, and iii) to identify potential adaptations...
July 13, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918685/physical-education-policies-and-practices-in-california-private-secondary-schools
#8
David Kahan, Thomas L McKenzie
BACKGROUND: Physical education (PE) is mandated in most states, but few studies of PE in private schools exist. METHODS: We assessed selected PE policies and practices in private secondary schools (grades 6-12) in California using a 15-item questionnaire related to school characteristics and their PE programs. RESULTS: Responding schools (n=450; response rate, 33.8%) were from 37 counties. Most were coeducational (91.3%) and had a religious affiliation (83%)...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918598/sighted-and-visually-impaired-students-perspectives-of-illustrations-diagrams-and-drawings-in-school-science
#9
Celia McDonald, Susan Rodrigues
Background In this paper we report on the views of students with and without visual impairments on the use of illustrations, diagrams and drawings (IDD) in science lessons. Method Our findings are based on data gathered through a brief questionnaire completed by a convenience sample of students prior to trialling new resource material. The questionnaire sought to understand the students' views about using IDD in science lessons. The classes involved in the study included one class from a primary school, five classes from a secondary school and one class from a school for visually impaired students...
2016: Wellcome Open Res
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917483/it-takes-a-village-promoting-parent-and-family-education-on-healthy-lifestyles-for-minnesota-secondary-students
#10
Mary O Hearst, Qi Wang, Katherine Grannon, Cynthia S Davey, Marilyn S Nanney
BACKGROUND: This study examines school strategies to educate parents over time about physical activity and nutrition and how those strategies are related to adolescent health behaviors. METHODS: Data from the Minnesota School Health Profiles Lead Health Education Teacher survey (2008-2012) and the Minnesota Student Survey (MSS, 2013) included provisions for parent education about physical activity and nutrition and student physical activity and dietary intake behaviors...
January 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916406/cortical-excitability-after-pediatric-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#11
Trevor A Seeger, Adam Kirton, Michael J Esser, Clare Gallagher, Jeff Dunn, Ephrem Zewdie, Omar Damji, Patrick Ciechanski, Karen M Barlow
INTRODUCTION: Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) outcomes are variable, and 10-15% may suffer from prolonged symptoms beyond 3 months that impair the child's return to normal activities. Neurophysiological mechanisms of mTBI are incompletely understood, particularly in children, but alterations in cortical excitability have been proposed to underlie post-concussion syndrome. Improved understanding is required to advance interventions and improve outcomes. OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: To determine if cortical excitability is altered in children with mTBI, and its association with clinical symptoms...
November 19, 2016: Brain Stimulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916327/does-keeping-adolescent-girls-in-school-protect-against-sexual-violence-quasi-experimental-evidence-from-east-and-southern-africa
#12
Julia Andrea Behrman, Amber Peterman, Tia Palermo
PURPOSE: We examine the relationship between educational attainment in adolescence on young women's lifetime experience of sexual violence in Malawi and Uganda. METHODS: Exposure to Universal Primary Education policies in the mid-1990s serves as a natural experiment to estimate the causal effect of schooling on women's subsequent experience of sexual violence using an instrumented regression discontinuity design and Demographic and Health Survey data. RESULTS: We find a one-year increase in grade attainment leads to a nine-percentage point reduction (p < ...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915137/parental-health-shocks-and-schooling-the-impact-of-mutual-health-insurance-in-rwanda
#13
Maame Esi Woode
The goal of this study was to look at the educational spill-over effects of health insurance on schooling with a focus on the Rwandan Community Based Health Insurance Programme, the Mutual Health Insurance scheme. Using a two-person general equilibrium overlapping generations model, this paper theoretically analyses the possible effect of health insurance on the relationship between parental health shocks and child schooling. Individuals choose whether or not they want to incur a medical cost by seeking care in order to reduce the effect of health shocks on their labour market availability and productivity...
November 17, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914974/nonmedical-use-of-prescription-opioids-and-heroin-use-among-adolescents-involved-in-competitive-sports
#14
Philip Veliz, Carol J Boyd, Sean Esteban McCabe
PURPOSE: Examine the past-year prevalence of nonmedical use of prescription opioids (NUPOs), heroin use, and the concurrent NUPO and heroin in a sample of 12th graders involved in 16 different sports. METHODS: A secondary analysis of nationally representative data from nine cohorts (2006-2014) of the Monitoring the Future study (n = 21,557). RESULTS: No differences were found between 12th graders who participated in at least one competitive sport and nonparticipants with respect to past-year NUPO, heroin use, and concurrent NUPO and heroin use...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909854/does-everyone-s-motivational-beliefs-about-physical-science-decline-in-secondary-school-heterogeneity-of-adolescents-achievement-motivation-trajectories-in-physics-and-chemistry
#15
Ming-Te Wang, Angela Chow, Jessica Lauren Degol, Jacquelynne Sue Eccles
Students' motivational beliefs about learning physical science are critical for achieving positive educational outcomes. In this study, we incorporated expectancy-value theory to capture the heterogeneity of adolescents' motivational trajectories in physics and chemistry from seventh to twelfth grade and linked these trajectories to science-related outcomes. We used a cross-sequential design based on three different cohorts of adolescents (N = 699; 51.5 % female; 95 % European American; M ages for youngest, middle, and oldest cohorts at the first wave = 13...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909033/ethnic-differences-in-the-prevalence-of-knee-pain-among-adults-of-a-community-in-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Yook Chin Chia, Hooi Chin Beh, Chirk Jenn Ng, Cheong Lieng Teng, Nik Sherina Hanafi, Wan Yuen Choo, Siew Mooi Ching
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of knee pain among 3 major ethnic groups in Malaysia. By identifying high-risk groups, preventive measures can be targeted at these populations. DESIGN AND SETTING: A cross-sectional survey was carried out in rural and urban areas in a state in Malaysia. Secondary schools were randomly selected and used as sampling units. PARTICIPANTS: Adults aged ≥18 years old were invited to answer a self-administered questionnaire on pain experienced over the previous 6 months...
December 1, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907084/community-art-support-groups-in-mozambique-the-potential-of-patients-as-partners-in-care
#17
Kebba Jobarteh, Ray W Shiraishi, Inacio Malimane, Paula Samo Gudo, Tom Decroo, Andrew F Auld, Vania Macome, Aleny Couto
BACKGROUND: High rates of attrition are stymying Mozambique's national HIV Program's efforts to achieve 80% treatment coverage. In response, Mozambique implemented a national pilot of Community Adherence and Support Groups (CASG). CASG is a model in which antiretroviral therapy (ART) patients form groups of up to six patients. On a rotating basis one CASG group member collects ART medications at the health facility for all group members, and distributes those medications to the other members in the community...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905834/rubella-outbreak-and-outbreak-management-in-a-school-setting-china-2014
#18
Caiyun Chang, Huilai Ma, Wenjia Liang, Pei Hu, Xianghuan Mo, Zhijie An, Huizhen Zheng
BACKGROUND: An active response to a rubella outbreak may interrupt disease transmission, and outbreak response immunization (ORI) can increase immunity among persons who might otherwise not be protected. On March 17, 2014, a rubella outbreak was reported in a middle school in Guangzhou city, China. We conducted an investigation to assess impact of a policy of exclusion of cases from school and of ORI. METHODS: Active surveillance was used to find cases of rubella...
December 1, 2016: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905077/improving-shared-decision-making-in-adolescents-through-antibiotic-education
#19
I W Ngadimon, F Islahudin, N Mohamed Shah, E Md Hatah, M Makmor-Bakry
Background Shared decision-making is vital in achieving desired drug therapy goals, especially with antibiotics, in view of the potential long-term reduction in drug resistance. However, shared decision-making is rarely practiced with adolescent patients. Objectives The aim of the study was to identify the effect antibiotic education has on willingness to engage in shared decision-making among adolescents in Malaysia. Setting Participants from secondary schools in Malaysia were enrolled with ethical approval...
November 30, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903282/start-now-a-comprehensive-skills-training-programme-for-female-adolescents-with-oppositional-defiant-and-conduct-disorders-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Linda Kersten, Martin Prätzlich, Sandra Mannstadt, Katharina Ackermann, Gregor Kohls, Helena Oldenhof, Daniel Saure, Katrin Krieger, Beate Herpertz-Dahlmann, Arne Popma, Christine M Freitag, Robert L Trestman, Christina Stadler
BACKGROUND: In Europe, the number of females exhibiting oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) and conduct disorder (CD) is growing. Many of these females live in youth welfare institutions. Consequently, there is a great need for evidence-based interventions within youth welfare settings. A recently developed approach targeting the specific needs of girls with ODD and CD in residential care is START NOW. The aim of this group-based behavioural skills training programme is to specifically enhance emotional regulation capacities to enable females with CD or ODD to appropriately deal with daily-life demands...
December 1, 2016: Trials
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