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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453890/the-co-developmental-dynamic-of-sport-and-school-burnout-among-student-athletes-the-role-of-achievement-goals
#1
Matilda Sorkkila, Kaisa Aunola, Katariina Salmela-Aro, Asko Tolvanen, Tatiana V Ryba
Student-athletes who strive for success in high level sports while pursuing upper secondary education may be prone to sport and school burnout. The present study examined the co-developmental dynamic of sport and school burnout in Finnish adolescent student-athletes (N time 1 = 391; N time 2 = 373) across the first year of upper secondary school by using cross-lagged structural equation modeling (SEM). Furthermore, we used sport and school-related achievement goals as predictors of sport and school burnout, namely, sport and school-related exhaustion, cynicism, and feelings of inadequacy...
February 17, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452024/factors-shaping-expectations-for-complete-relief-from-symptoms-during-rehabilitation-for-patients-with-spine-pain
#2
Mark D Bishop, Paul Mintken, Joel E Bialosky, Joshua A Cleland
OBJECTIVE: Patient expectations are related to treatment outcome across a broad variety of patient conditions. Here we sought to examine factors associated with the expectation of complete relief from treatment for spinal pain. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of data pooled from two randomized controlled trials of conservative rehabilitation interventions. PATIENTS: 252 patients (103 men, 149 women) with neck (n = 140) or back (n = 112) pain. METHODS: We used logistic regression model with backward elimination to test which patient clinical or demographic factors were most related to the expectation of complete relief...
February 16, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450903/extended-physical-education-in-children-aged-6-15-years-was-associated-with-improved-academic-achievement-in-boys
#3
M E Cöster, J Fritz, C Karlsson, B E Rosengren, M K Karlsson
AIM: Physical activity (PA) has been associated with enhanced cognition, brain development and concentration. This study evaluated if increased physical education (PE) improved academic achievement. METHODS: We recruited 304 children (55% boys) from a Swedish school in Skane county in 1998-2002 when they were 6-7 years of age and followed them through all nine mandatory school years. Their PE level was increased from 60 minutes to 200 minutes per week and their results were compared with 73,885 control children (51% boys) in the county who graduated in the same years and did the standard 60 minutes of PE per week...
February 16, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448928/prevalence-of-adolescent-physical-activity-related-injuries-in-sports-leisure-time-and-school-the-national-physical-activity-behaviour-study-for-children-and-adolescents
#4
Anu M Räisänen, Sami Kokko, Kati Pasanen, Mari Leppänen, Arja Rimpelä, Jari Villberg, Jari Parkkari
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of adolescent physical activity-related injuries in sports club activities, leisure time physical activity and school-based physical activity. The secondary aim was to investigate the differences in the prevalence of physical activity -related injuries between years 2014 and 2016. In addition, we set out to study the associations between age, sex and the frequency of physical activity and injury prevalence. METHODS: This cross-sectional study is based on the National Physical Activity Behaviour Study for Children and Adolescents (LIITU in Finnish) conducted in years 2014 and 2016...
February 15, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447926/the-role-of-physical-activity-enjoyment-in-the-pathways-from-the-social-and-physical-environments-to-physical-activity-of-early-adolescent-girls
#5
Elizabeth L Budd, Amy McQueen, Amy A Eyler, Debra Haire-Joshu, Wendy F Auslander, Ross C Brownson
Most girls experience a notable decline in physical activity (PA) in early adolescence, increasing their risk for harmful health outcomes. Enjoyment for PA (i.e., positive feelings toward PA) is a determinant of PA among girls during adolescence and sustained PA throughout adulthood. Previous studies recommended increasing girls' PA enjoyment in order to increase their PA, but did not include environmental-level strategies for how families, schools, or communities do this. To gain insight on such strategies, this study examines the role of PA enjoyment as a mediator of social and physical environments to moderate-to-vigorous intensity PA of early adolescent girls...
February 12, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446439/vision-screening-for-correctable-visual-acuity-deficits-in-school-age-children-and-adolescents
#6
REVIEW
Jennifer R Evans, Priya Morjaria, Christine Powell
BACKGROUND: Although the benefits of vision screening seem intuitive, the value of such programmes in junior and senior schools has been questioned. In addition there exists a lack of clarity regarding the optimum age for screening and frequency at which to carry out screening. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of vision screening programmes carried out in schools to reduce the prevalence of correctable visual acuity deficits due to refractive error in school-age children...
February 15, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439306/pediatric-residents-attitudes-towards-and-experiences-with-collaboration-with-primary-and-secondary-schools-in-the-united-states
#7
Jeffrey D Shahidullah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439281/-german-prevention-programs-for-eating-disorders-a-systematic-review
#8
Mara Pickhardt, Luise Adametz, Felicitas Richter, Bernhard Strauß, Uwe Berger
In the past years a considerable amount of primary and secondary prevention programs for eating disorders was developed in German speaking countries. However, up to now there has been no systematic review of contents and evaluation studies. The main objective of the present systematic review is to identify and outline German prevention programs for eating disorders. This should facilitate the selection of appropriate and effective interventions for medical experts, other professionals and teachers. A systematic literature research was conducted and 22 German-language primary and secondary prevention programs were identified...
February 13, 2018: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439065/protocol-for-a-prospective-school-based-standardisation-study-of-a-digital-social-skills-assessment-tool-for-children-the-paediatric-evaluation-of-emotions-relationships-and-socialisation-peers-study
#9
Emma J Thompson, Miriam H Beauchamp, Simone J Darling, Stephen J C Hearps, Amy Brown, George Charalambous, Louise Crossley, David Darby, Julian J Dooley, Mardee Greenham, Mohinder Jaimangal, Skye McDonald, Frank Muscara, Lyn Turkstra, Vicki A Anderson
BACKGROUND: Humans are by nature a social species, with much of human experience spent in social interaction. Unsurprisingly, social functioning is crucial to well-being and quality of life across the lifespan. While early intervention for social problems appears promising, our ability to identify the specific impairments underlying their social problems (eg, social communication) is restricted by a dearth of accurate, ecologically valid and comprehensive child-direct assessment tools...
February 8, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438623/interdisciplinary-dissertation-research-among-public-health-doctoral-trainees-2003-2015
#10
Elizabeth H Golembiewski, Ann M Holmes, Joanna R Jackson, Brittany L Brown-Podgorski, Nir Menachemi
OBJECTIVES: Given the call for more interdisciplinary research in public health, the objectives of this study were to (1) examine the correlates of interdisciplinary dissertation completion and (2) identify secondary fields most common among interdisciplinary public health graduates. METHODS: We analyzed pooled cross-sectional data from 11 120 doctoral graduates in the Survey of Earned Doctorates, 2003-2015. The primary outcome was interdisciplinary dissertation completion...
January 1, 2018: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437667/effectiveness-of-a-childhood-obesity-prevention-programme-delivered-through-schools-targeting-6-and-7-year-olds-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-waves-study
#11
Peymane Adab, Miranda J Pallan, Emma R Lancashire, Karla Hemming, Emma Frew, Tim Barrett, Raj Bhopal, Janet E Cade, Alastair Canaway, Joanne L Clarke, Amanda Daley, Jonathan J Deeks, Joan L Duda, Ulf Ekelund, Paramjit Gill, Tania Griffin, Eleanor McGee, Kiya Hurley, James Martin, Jayne Parry, Sandra Passmore, K K Cheng
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of a school and family based healthy lifestyle programme (WAVES intervention) compared with usual practice, in preventing childhood obesity. DESIGN: Cluster randomised controlled trial. SETTING: UK primary schools from the West Midlands. PARTICIPANTS: 200 schools were randomly selected from all state run primary schools within 35 miles of the study centre (n=980), oversampling those with high minority ethnic populations...
February 7, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437502/should-children-with-cleft-palate-receive-early-long-term-tympanostomy-tubes-one-institution-s-experience
#12
Amber D Shaffer, Matthew D Ford, Sukgi S Choi, Noel Jabbour
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether children with cleft palate might benefit from early long-term tympanostomy tubes with the hypothesis that receiving multiple tubes is associated with shorter duration of first tubes. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Tertiary care children's hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Records from 401 consecutive children with cleft palate ± cleft lip, born April 2005 to April 2010, were reviewed...
March 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437489/controller-adherence-following-hospital-discharge-in-high-risk-children-a-pilot-randomized-trial-of-text-message-reminders
#13
Chén C Kenyon, Siobhan M Gruschow, William O Quarshie, Heather Griffis, Michelle C Leach, Joseph J Zorc, Tyra C Bryant-Stephens, Victoria A Miller, Chris Feudtner
OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of a mobile health, inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) adherence reminder intervention and to characterize adherence trajectories immediately following severe asthma exacerbation in high-risk urban children with persistent asthma. METHODS: Children aged 2-13 with persistent asthma were enrolled in this pilot randomized controlled trial during an asthma emergency department (ED) visit or hospitalization. Intervention arm participants received daily text message reminders for 30 days, and both arms received electronic sensors to measure ICS use...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437307/learning-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-theory-with-face-to-face-versus-audiovisual-instruction-for-secondary-school-students-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Cristina Cerezo Espinosa, Sergio Nieto Caballero, Laura Juguera Rodríguez, José Francisco Castejón-Mochón, Francisca Segura Melgarejo, Carmen María Sánchez Martínez, Carmen Amalia López López, Manuel Pardo Ríos
OBJECTIVES: To compare secondary students' learning of basic life support (BLS) theory and the use of an automatic external defibrillator (AED) through face-to-face classroom instruction versus educational video instruction. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 2225 secondary students from 15 schools were randomly assigned to one of the following 5 instructional groups: 1) face-to-face instruction with no audiovisual support, 2) face-to-face instruction with audiovisual support, 3) audiovisual instruction without face-to-face instruction, 4) audiovisual instruction with face-to-face instruction, and 5) a control group that received no instruction...
February 2018: Emergencias: Revista de la Sociedad Española de Medicina de Emergencias
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437140/survival-analysis-and-associated-factors-in-thai-patients-on-peritoneal-dialysis-under-the-pd-first-policy
#15
Siribha Changsirikulchai, Suwannee Sriprach, Nintita S Thokanit, Jirayut Janma, Piyatida Chuengsaman, Dhavee Sirivongs
BACKGROUND: The peritoneal dialysis First (PD First) policy means that PD is the first modality of dialysis chosen for patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD), as put forth by the Universal Health Coverage (UHC) scheme. It was initiated in Thailand in 2008. Our aim is to analyze patient survival, technique survival, and associated factors. METHODS: Data of PD patients from January 2008 to November 2016 were studied. We calculated patient and technique survival rates (censored for death and kidney transplantation)...
February 7, 2018: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436364/the-west-midlands-active-lifestyle-and-healthy-eating-in-school-children-waves-study-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-testing-the-clinical-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-a-multifaceted-obesity-prevention-intervention-programme-targeted-at-children
#16
Peymane Adab, Timothy Barrett, Raj Bhopal, Janet E Cade, Alastair Canaway, Kar Keung Cheng, Joanne Clarke, Amanda Daley, Jonathan Deeks, Joan Duda, Ulf Ekelund, Emma Frew, Paramjit Gill, Tania Griffin, Karla Hemming, Kiya Hurley, Emma R Lancashire, James Martin, Eleanor McGee, Miranda J Pallan, Jayne Parry, Sandra Passmore
BACKGROUND: Systematic reviews suggest that school-based interventions can be effective in preventing childhood obesity, but better-designed trials are needed that consider costs, process, equity, potential harms and longer-term outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of the WAVES (West Midlands ActiVe lifestyle and healthy Eating in School children) study intervention, compared with usual practice, in preventing obesity among primary school children...
February 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436092/development-and-evaluation-of-the-children-s-experiences-of-dental-anxiety-measure
#17
Jenny Porritt, Annie Morgan, Helen Rodd, Ekta Gupta, Fiona Gilchrist, Sarah Baker, Tim Newton, Cathy Creswell, Christopher Williams, Zoe Marshman
BACKGROUND: Existing measures of children's dental anxiety have not been developed with children or based on a theoretical framework of dental anxiety. AIM: To develop the children's experiences of dental anxiety measure (CEDAM) and evaluate the measure's properties. DESIGN: The measure was developed from interviews with dentally anxious children. Children recruited from a dental hospital and secondary school completed the CEDAM and Modified Child Dental Anxiety Scale (MCDAS)...
March 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435438/feasibility-of-physical-activity-assessment-with-wearable-devices-in-children-aged-4-10-years-a-pilot-study
#18
Jan Müller, Anna-Maria Hoch, Vanessa Zoller, Renate Oberhoffer
Objective: Physical activity (PA) is associated with multiple beneficial health outcomes. Unfortunately, current studies report an alarming decrease of PA throughout all age groups. This study aims to assess general feasibility and PA levels of kindergarten and primary school children with wearable technology specifically manufactured for young children. Patients and methods: From April 2017 to August 2017, a total of 59 children (7.1 ± 1.7 years, 34 girls) recorded their PA for seven consecutive day wearing a wearable bracelet (Garmin vivofit jr)...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434650/breastfeeding-technique-and-associated-factors-among-breastfeeding-mothers-in-harar-city-eastern-ethiopia
#19
Getahun Tiruye, Firehiwot Mesfin, Biftu Geda, Kasiye Shiferaw
Background: Ineffective breastfeeding technique is one of the factors contributing to mothers practicing non-exclusive breastfeeding. Inappropriate breastfeeding technique is the leading cause of nipple pain in Ethiopia, as in other countries. However, no studies have examined breastfeeding technique and associated factors in eastern Ethiopia. Therefore, this study was conducted with the aim of assessing breastfeeding technique and associated factors among breastfeeding mothers. Method: We conducted an institution based cross-sectional study in selected governmental health facilities of Harar city, Eastern, Ethiopia, from January to February 2017...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432915/measuring-adolescent-drinking-refusal-self-efficacy-development-and-validation-of-the-drinking-refusal-self-efficacy-questionnaire-shortened-adolescent-version-drseq-sra
#20
Kiri Patton, Jason P Connor, Sharyn Rundle-Thiele, Timo Dietrich, Ross McD Young, Matthew J Gullo
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to develop and validate a shortened version of the Drinking Refusal Self-Efficacy Questionnaire-Revised Adolescent version (DRSEQ-RA) using a large sample of adolescents. METHODS: Secondary school students (N = 2609, M = 14.52 years, SD = 0.94) completed the DRSEQ-RA (consisting of subscales: Social Pressure; Opportunistic; Emotional Relief) and the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT). These data were analysed using non-parametric item response theory (NIRT) including Mokken scalability coefficients, and confirmatory factor analysis...
February 5, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
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