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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028367/philip-hillkowitz-the-granddaddy-of-medical-technologists-and-cofounder-of-the-american-society-for-clinical-pathologists-and-the-jewish-consumptives-relief-society
#1
James R Wright, Jeanne Abrams
CONTEXT: - In the early 20th century, the future of hospital-based clinical pathology practice was uncertain and this situation led to the formation of the American Society for Clinical Pathologists in 1922. Philip Hillkowitz and Ward Burdick were its cofounders. No biography of Hillkowitz exists. OBJECTIVE: - To explore the life, beliefs, and accomplishments of Philip Hillkowitz. DESIGN: - Available primary and secondary historical sources were reviewed...
October 13, 2017: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028275/exposure-reductions-associated-with-introduction-of-solar-lamps-to-kerosene-lamp-using-households-in-busia-county-kenya
#2
Nicholas L Lam, Godfrey Muhwezi, Fred Isabirye, Kat Harrison, Ilse Ruiz-Mercado, Evans Amukoye, Tom Mokaya, Margaret Wambua, Michael N Bates
INTRODUCTION: Solar lamps are a clean and potentially cost-effective alternative to polluting kerosene lamps used by millions of families in developing countries. By how much solar lamps actually reduce exposure to pollutants, however, has not been examined. METHODS: Twenty households using mainly kerosene for lighting were enrolled through a secondary school in Busia County, Kenya. Personal PM2.5 and CO concentrations were measured on a school pupil and an adult in each household, before and after provision of three solar lamps...
October 13, 2017: Indoor Air
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026503/content-analysis-of-the-concept-of-addiction-in-high-school-textbooks-of-iran
#3
Mohammad Hasan Mirzamohammadi, Sayedeh Zainab Mousavi, Omid Massah, Ali Farhoudian
BACKGROUND: This research sought to determine how well the causes of addiction, addiction harms, and prevention of addiction have been noticed in high school textbooks. METHODS: We used descriptive method to select the main related components of the addiction concept and content analysis method for analyzing the content of textbooks. The study population comprised 61 secondary school curriculum textbooks and study sample consisted of 14 secondary school textbooks selected by purposeful sampling method...
January 2017: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026315/a-model-to-facilitate-collaborative-social-support-for-pregnant-students-in-secondary-schools
#4
Sogo F Matlala
Pregnancy among secondary school students remains a public health problem and is associated with school dropout as well as poor maternal and child health outcomes. Schools in South Africa no longer expel pregnant students as was the case before 2000. Instead, the government encourages them to remain in class to complete their education, but pregnant students often face stigma, and some drop out of school as a result. To remain in class and access antenatal care, pregnant students require social support from teachers, parents and professional nurses...
2017: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026060/unmet-needs-in-health-training-among-nurses-in-rural-chinese-township-health-centers-a-cross-sectional-hospital-based-study
#5
Yan Mo, Guijie Hu, Yanhua Yi, Yanping Ying, Huiqiao Huang, Zhongxian Huang, Jiafeng Lin
Purpose: Maintaining a sufficient and competent rural nursing workforce is important in Chinese health delivery system. However, few studies have involved in the health training status and needs assessment of rural Chinese nurses in great transformations of health policy. This study is to explore the current health training status and to ascertain needs perceived by nurses working in rural Chinese township health centers (THCs). Methods: A cross-sectional survey using a self-administered structured questionnaire was conducted to 240 THC nurses in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous region, China from March 2014 to August 2014...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024294/cognitive-motor-behavioural-and-academic-performances-of-children-born-preterm-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review-involving-64-061-children
#6
REVIEW
J Allotey, J Zamora, F Cheong-See, M Kalidindi, D Arroyo-Manzano, E Asztalos, Jam van der Post, B W Mol, D Moore, D Birtles, K S Khan, S Thangaratinam
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth may leave the brain vulnerable to dysfunction. Knowledge of future neurodevelopmental delay in children born with various degrees of prematurity is needed to inform practice and policy. OBJECTIVE: To quantify the long-term cognitive, motor, behavioural and academic performance of children born with different degrees of prematurity compared with term-born children. SEARCH STRATEGY: PubMed and Embase were searched from January 1980 to December 2016 without language restrictions...
October 11, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021899/reliability-of-self-report-measures-of-correlates-of-obesity-related-behaviours-in-hong-kong-adolescents-for-the-ihealt-h-and-ipen-adolescent-studies
#7
Ester Cerin, Cindy H P Sit, Anthony Barnett, Wendy Y J Huang, Gemma Y Gao, Stephen H S Wong, James F Sallis
BACKGROUND: This study examined the reliability of measures of correlates of dietary behaviours (DBs), physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviour (SB) for Hong Kong adolescents. METHOD: Individual, social and environmental correlates of obesity-related behaviours were assessed twice, 15-27 days apart (average 20 days), via self-administered questionnaires. These questionnaire included measures of decisional balance, self-efficacy, enjoyment and social support related to intake of fruits, vegetables, high-fat foods and sugar-sweetened beverages, PA behaviour and SB...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021116/efficacy-of-a-technology-based-integrated-smoking-cessation-and-alcohol-intervention-for-smoking-cessation-in-adolescents-results-of-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Severin Haug, Raquel Paz Castro, Tobias Kowatsch, Andreas Filler, Michael P Schaub
OBJECTIVE: To test the efficacy of a technology-based integrated smoking cessation and alcohol intervention versus a smoking cessation only intervention in adolescents. METHODS: This was a two-arm, parallel-group, cluster-randomised controlled trial with assessments at baseline and six months follow-up. Subjects in both groups received tailored mobile phone text messages to support smoking cessation for 3months, and the option of registering for a program incorporating strategies for smoking cessation centred around a self-defined quit date...
November 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020804/multi-informant-assessment-of-transition-related-skills-and-skill-importance-in-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#9
Kara Hume, Jessica Dykstra Steinbrenner, John Sideris, Leann Smith, Suzanne Kucharczyk, Kate Szidon
Adolescents with autism spectrum disorder have limited participation in the transition planning process, despite the link between active participation and an improvement in postsecondary education and employment outcomes. The Secondary School Success Checklist was designed to support transition planning for adolescents with autism spectrum disorder by incorporating their own assessments of strengths, skill deficits, and prioritization for instruction along with those of their parents and teachers across multiple skill domains...
October 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019792/prevalence-and-determinants-of-susceptibility-to-cigarette-smoking-among-non-smoking-senior-secondary-school-students-in-ilorin-north-central-nigeria
#10
Layi Solomon Babatunde, Oluwaseyi Tosin Babatunde, Susan Modupe Oladeji, Temitope Ashipa
Background Globally, efforts are being made to control tobacco use. However, adolescents who are susceptible to cigarette smoking constitute a major challenge to control efforts. Defining the magnitude of susceptible adolescents and associated factors in any setting is critical to the development of measures that will successfully address this issue. This study estimated the prevalence and factors associated with susceptibility to cigarette smoking among non smoking students in Ilorin, North Central Nigeria...
October 11, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019418/texting-motivational-interviewing-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-motivational-interviewing-text-messages-designed-to-augment-childhood-obesity-treatment
#11
Sarah Armstrong, Alan Mendelsohn, Gary Bennett, Elsie Taveras, Amanda Kimberg, Alex R Kemper
BACKGROUND: Text messages improve health outcomes for adults engaged in weight management. Little is known about whether text messaging parents of children enrolled in obesity treatment will improve child health. METHODS: We conducted a 2-group randomized controlled study among 101 children aged 5-12 and their parent/guardian enrolling in tertiary-care obesity treatment. Participants were randomized to standard care or standard care plus daily motivational interviewing-based text messages...
October 11, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019301/validation-of-the-gratitude-questionnaire-in-filipino-secondary-school-students
#12
Jana Patricia M Valdez, Weipeng Yang, Jesus Alfonso D Datu
Most studies have assessed the psychometric properties of the Gratitude Questionnaire - Six-Item Form (GQ-6) in the Western contexts while very few research has been generated to explore the applicability of this scale in non-Western settings. To address this gap, the aim of the study was to examine the factorial validity and gender invariance of the Gratitude Questionnaire in the Philippines through a construct validation approach. There were 383 Filipino high school students who participated in the research...
October 11, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019007/evaluation-on-exposures-to-particulate-matter-at-a-junior-secondary-school-a-comprehensive-study-on-health-risks-and-effective-inflammatory-responses-in-northwestern-china
#13
Hongmei Xu, Benjamin Guinot, Steven Sai Hang Ho, Yaqi Li, Junji Cao, Zhenxing Shen, Xinyi Niu, Zhuohui Zhao, Suixin Liu, Yali Lei, Qian Zhang, Jian Sun
Air pollutant measurement and respiratory inflammatory tests were conducted at a junior secondary school in Xi'an, Northwestern China. Hazardous substances including particulate matters (PMs), black carbon (BC) and particle-bounded polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were quantified both indoors and outdoors of the school. Source characterization with organic tracers and particle-size distribution demonstrated that the school's air was mostly polluted by combustion emissions from the surrounding environment...
October 10, 2017: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017402/validation-of-two-versions-of-the-warwick-edinburgh-mental-well-being-scale-among-norwegian-adolescents
#14
Regine Ringdal, Mary-Elizabeth Bradley Eilertsen, Hanne Nissen Bjørnsen, Geir Arild Espnes, Unni Karin Moksnes
AIM: This study aimed to examine the psychometric properties of the original 14-item version of the Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-Being Scale (WEMWBS) and the short 7-item version (SWEMWBS) to validate these scales for use among Norwegian adolescents. METHOD: Cross-sectional data were collected by distributing questionnaires among students in five upper secondary schools in Norway with a net sample of n = 1814. Exploratory- and confirmatory factor analyses (CFA) and a reliability analysis were conducted and possible floor and ceiling effects were examined to evaluate the scales...
October 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016786/sustainability-of-outdoor-school-ground-smoking-bans-at-secondary-schools-a-mixed-method-study
#15
A D Rozema, J J P Mathijssen, M W J Jansen, J A M van Oers
Background: Although increasing numbers of countries are implementing outdoor school ground smoking bans at secondary schools, less attention is paid to the post-implementation period even though sustainability of a policy is essential for long-term effectiveness. Therefore, this study assesses the level of sustainability and examines perceived barriers/facilitators related to the sustainability of an outdoor school ground smoking ban at secondary schools. Methods: A mixed-method design was used with a sequential explanatory approach...
July 13, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016651/soccer-based-promotion-of-voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-a-mixed-methods-feasibility-study-with-secondary-students-in-uganda
#16
George Miiro, Jeff DeCelles, Rwamahe Rutakumwa, Jessica Nakiyingi-Miiro, Philip Muzira, Wilber Ssembajjwe, Saidat Musoke, Lorna J Gibson, Rebecca B Hershow, Suzanna Francis, Belen Torondel, David A Ross, Helen A Weiss
The Ugandan government is committed to scaling-up proven HIV prevention strategies including safe male circumcision, and innovative strategies are needed to increase circumcision uptake. The aim of this study was to assess the acceptability and feasibility of implementing a soccer-based intervention ("Make The Cut") among schoolboys in a peri-urban district of Uganda. The intervention was led by trained, recently circumcised "coaches" who facilitated a 60-minute session delivered in schools, including an interactive penalty shoot-out game using metaphors for HIV prevention, sharing of the coaches' circumcision story, group discussion and ongoing engagement from the coach to facilitate linkage to male circumcision...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994645/risky-sexual-behavior-of-senior-secondary-school-students-in-an-urban-community-of-oyo-state-south-west-nigeria
#17
Ajibola Idowu, Aremu O Ayodele, Popoola G Omotade, Olowookere S Anu, Fehintola F Omolola
BACKGROUND: Young people worldwide are now at increased risk of unsafe sexual behavior; it is thus imperative to understand the determinants of such practices among them. STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess factors associated with Risky Sexual Behavior (RSB) among secondary school students in Nigeria. METHODOLOGY: This cross-sectional study was conducted using multistage sampling technique among 375 secondary school students in Ogbomoso, Nigeria. A pretested questionnaire was used for data collection; chi-square test and binary logistic regression analysis were done...
January 1, 2017: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994345/modelling-period-fertility-schooling-and-intervals-following-a-birth-in-eastern-africa
#18
Catriona A Towriss, Ian M Timæus
We describe a regression-based approach to the modelling of age-, order-, and duration-specific period fertility, using retrospective survey data. The approach produces results that are free of selection biases and can be used to study differential fertility. It is applied to Demographic and Health Survey data for Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, and Zimbabwe to investigate differential trends in fertility by education. Parity progression fell and the intervals following each birth lengthened between the 1970s and 2000s in all four countries...
October 10, 2017: Population Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993404/an-internet-supported-school-physical-activity-intervention-in-low-socioeconomic-status-communities-results-from-the-activity-and-motivation-in-physical-education-amped-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Chris Lonsdale, Aidan Lester, Katherine B Owen, Rhiannon L White, Louisa Peralta, Morwenna Kirwan, Thierno M O Diallo, Anthony J Maeder, Andrew Bennie, Freya MacMillan, Gregory S Kolt, Nikos Ntoumanis, Jennifer M Gore, Ester Cerin, Dylan P Cliff, David R Lubans
OBJECTIVE: Quality physical education (PE) is the cornerstone of comprehensive school physical activity (PA) promotion programmes. We tested the efficacy of a teacher professional learning intervention, delivered partially via the internet, designed to maximise opportunities for students to be active during PE lessons and enhance adolescents' motivation towards PE and PA. METHODS: A two-arm cluster randomised controlled trial with teachers and Grade 8 students from secondary schools in low socioeconomic areas of Western Sydney, Australia...
October 9, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992818/a-model-on-the-contribution-of-school-assets-to-the-achievement-of-adolescents-well-being-and-academic-performance
#20
Miguel-Ángel Pertegal, Alfredo Oliva
The aim of this study was to examine a model on the contribution of school assets on the development of adolescent´s well-being and school success. The sample comprised 1944 adolescents (893 girls and 1051 boys) aged between 12 and 17 years (M = 14.4; SD = 1.13), from secondary schools in Western Andalusia, which completed some self-report questionnaires. The results of structural equation modeling showed the goodness of fit of the initial theoretical model. This model confirmed the importance of school connectedness as a key factor in the relationships between other school assets (social climate; clarity of the rules and values, and positive opportunities and empowerment) and commitment to learning, academic performance and life satisfaction...
October 10, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
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