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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924153/constructing-a-logical-model-in-school-health-experience-on-the-lower-amazon-region
#1
Elaine Fernanda Dornelas de Souza, Maria do Carmo Souza Soares, Sueyla Ferreira da Silva Dos Santos, Thais Reis Silva de Paulo, Maria Verinize Santos Brandão, Ismael Forte Freitas Júnior
OBJECTIVE: This experience report presents the construction of the theoretical and logic model for intervention to promote physical activity and healthy eating habits of the public schools students in the city of Parintins, Amazonas, Brazil. METHOD: We carried out a theoretical research and also a documentary research on the School Health Program (PSE - Programa Saúde na Escola) on the national and local level, in addition to meetings with the PSE management committee for strategic planning of the actions...
May 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923538/obesity-and-serum-uric-acid-in-secondary-school-age-students-of-srinagarindra-the-princess-mother-school-phayao-thailand
#2
Wanpen Suttikomin, Preeya Leelahagul, Suphawan Khamvang, Chamnong Chaimongkol, Nanticha Chaiwut
Background: Obesity and hyperuricemia are the precipitating factors of multiple disease processes. Studies on the relationship between obesity and hyperuricemia in Thai adolescents are limited. Objective: The objective is to investigate the gender differences in obesity and serum uric acid as well as the relationship between obesity and serum uric acid levels in secondary school-age students. Methods: A cross-sectional study conducted among 689 secondary school-age students; 313 boys and 376 girls...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922187/using-information-and-communication-technologies-to-prevent-suicide-among-secondary-school-students-in-two-regions-of-chile-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Franco Mascayano, Sara Schilling, Eric Tapia, Felipe Santander, María S Burrone, Lawrence H Yang, Rubén Alvarado
Background: There is an increasing concern for addressing suicide among adolescents in Latin America. Recent mental health policies encourage the development and implementation of preventive interventions for suicide. Such initiatives, however, have been scarcely developed, even in countries with solid mental health services such as Chile. The use of information and communications technology (ICT) might contribute to create accessible, engaging, and innovative platforms to promote well-being and support for adolescents with mental health needs and suicide risk...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921678/self-reported-child-abuse-in-the-home-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-prevalence-perpetrator-characteristics-and-correlates-among-public-secondary-school-students-in-kathmandu-nepal
#4
Dipika Neupane, Parash Mani Bhandari, Kiran Thapa, Shristi Bhochhibhoya, Shristi Rijal, Ramjee Prasad Pathak
OBJECTIVES: To explore the prevalence, perpetrator characteristics and the correlates of child abuse in Kathmandu, Nepal. METHODS: For this cross-sectional study, we translated the internationally validated questionnaire developed by the International Society for Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect, Child Abuse Screening Tool-Child Home into Nepali. We added questions on descriptive information about students and their family to the questionnaire. We recruited students from 20 schools selected randomly-2 from each of the 10 electoral constituencies of Kathmandu district...
June 19, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920514/tobacco-control-policies-to-promote-awareness-and-smoke-free-environments-in-residence-and-workplace-to-reduce-passive-tobacco-smoking-in-bangladesh-and-its-correlates
#5
Papia Sultana, Md Tahidur Rahman, Dulal Chandra Roy, Shamima Akter, Jenny Jung, Md Mizanur Rahman, Jahanara Akter
BACKGROUND: Bangladesh is one of the highest tobacco consuming countries in the world, with reported 21.2% of the population as daily smokers, 24.3% as smokeless tobacco users, and 36.3% as adult passive smoker. Given the high prevalence and established harmful effects of passive tobacco smoking, this study aimed to estimate of pattern of smoking policies in residential and work place, and to identify the associated socio-economic and demographic correlates in Bangladesh. DATA AND METHODS: Secondary data of sample size 9629 collected by the Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) 2010 has been used...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916412/knowledge-of-gestational-alcohol-drinking-risks-results-from-a-survey-among-italian-secondary-school-students
#6
Paolo Berretta, Adele Minutillo, Simona Pichini, Valeria Traverso, Giacomo Toth, Giulia Scaravelli, Roberto De Luca, Roberta Da Rin Della Mora
INTRODUCTION: Ethanol is the most widely used drug worldwide. Its consumption has been increasing, and it is reported even during childbearing. Prenatal exposure to ethanol can lead to irreversible damages of the fetus. Knowledge about this risk could prevent these damages. There is no information about knowledge of the Italian students on this issue. METHODS: Therefore the aim of this study was to describe the awareness of the Italian students attending the last year of secondary school about risk of gestational alcohol drinking for the delivering mother and the fetus...
April 2018: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914438/ethnic-heterogeneity-in-the-determinants-of-hiv-aids-stigma-and-discrimination-among-nigeria-women
#7
Clifford O Odimegwu, Olatunji Alabi, Nicole De Wet, Joshua O Akinyemi
BACKGROUND: Stigma and discrimination remains a barrier to uptake of HIV/AIDS counselling and treatment as well as effective HIV reduction programmes. Despite ethnic diversity of Nigeria, studies on determinants of HIV stigma incorporating the ethnic dimension are very few. This paper provides empirical explanation of the ethnic dimension of determinant of HIV stigma and discrimination in Nigeria. METHODS: Nationally representative data from Nigerian Demographic and Health Survey 2013 (Individual recode) was analysed to explore ethnic differentials and homogeneity in the determinants of HIV/AIDS stigma and discrimination among women in multi-ethnic Nigeria...
June 19, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913741/the-nord-tr%C3%A3-ndelag-health-study-shows-increased-prevalence-of-primary-recurrent-headaches-among-adolescents-over-a-four-year-period
#8
Brit A Jacobsena, Grete Dyb, Knut Hagen, Lars J Stovner, Turid L Holmen, John-Anker Zwart
Objective Earlier epidemiological studies have shown that headaches are frequent among adolescents, especially girls. In particular, recurrent primary headache disorders such as migraine and tension-type headaches are common complaints in this age group. Headaches are increasingly being recognized as a significant health problem in adolescents and can lead to significant disabilities by affecting their lives, their school performance and their social lives. The aim of this study was to compare the prevalence of primary headaches among adolescents aged 16-20 years in Norway in two periods...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912980/prevalence-of-antibiotic-resistance-in-commensal-escherichia-coli-among-the-children-in-rural-hill-communities-of-northeast-india
#9
Ashish Kumar Singh, Saurav Das, Samer Singh, Varsha Rani Gajamer, Nilu Pradhan, Yangchen Doma Lepcha, Hare Krishna Tiwari
Commensal bacteria are the representative of the reservoir of antibiotic resistance genes present in a community. The usage of antibiotics along with the demographic factors is generally associated with an increase in antibiotics resistance in pathogens. Northeast (NE) India is untapped with regard to antibiotic resistance prevalence and spread. In the current study, the prevalence of antibiotic-resistant commensal Escherichia coli in pre-school and school-going children (n = 550, 1-14 years old) from the rural areas of the state of Sikkim-an NE Indian state, with respect to associated demographic factors was investigated...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911877/developing-a-direct-rating-behavior-scale-for-depression-in-middle-school-students
#10
Stephen P Kilgus, Michael P Van Wie, James S Sinclair, T Chris Riley-Tillman, Keith C Herman
Research has supported the applied use of Direct Behavior Rating Single-Item Scale (DBR-SIS) targets of "academic engagement" and "disruptive behavior" for a range of purposes, including universal screening and progress monitoring. Though useful in evaluating social behavior and externalizing problems, these targets have limited utility in evaluating emotional behavior and internalizing problems. Thus, the primary purpose of this study was to support the initial development and validation of a novel DBR-SIS target of "unhappy," which was intended to tap into the specific construct of depression...
June 18, 2018: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911513/prevalence-and-risk-factor-analysis-of-iron-deficiency-and-iron-deficiency-anaemia-among-female-adolescents-in-the-gaza-strip-palestine
#11
Marwan O Jalambo, Norimah A Karim, Ihab A Naser, Razinah Sharif
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to determine the prevalence of anaemia, iron deficiency (ID) and iron-deficiency anaemia (IDA) among female adolescents in the Gaza Strip, Palestine, as well as the risk factors involved in these conditions. DESIGN: The study was conducted using the quantitative descriptive method with a cross-sectional design. Data were collected using an FFQ and sociodemographic, sedentary behaviour and physical activity questionnaires. Anthropometric measurements and blood analyses were also conducted...
June 18, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910452/the-relative-age-effect-height-and-weight-characteristics-among-lower-and-upper-secondary-school-athletes-in-norway-and-sweden
#12
Stig Arve Sæther, Tomas Peterson, Vazjwar Matin
The relative age effect (RAE) has been found among youth elite athletes within a range of sports. However, the RAE has been studied to a lesser degree among youth non-elite athletes, and even less among school pupils attending sport specialisation programmes (SSPs). The aim of the present study was to investigate RAE, height, and weight, and compare Swedish lower secondary school and Norwegian upper secondary school pupils. Study 1 includes 156 lower secondary school athletes (95 boys and 61 girls) following an SSP in Sweden, while study 2 includes 111 upper secondary school athletes (81 boys and 30 girls) from two Norwegian schools...
December 8, 2017: Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910441/organized-sport-participation-and-physical-activity-levels-among-adolescents-with-functional-limitations
#13
Kwok Ng, Pauli Rintala, Yeshayahu Hutzler, Sami Kokko, Jorma Tynjälä
Sufficient and regular physical activity is considered a protective factor, reducing the onset of secondary disability conditions in adolescents with chronic diseases and functional limitations. The aim of this study was to explore whether participation in organized sport may be associated to higher levels of physical activity in adolescents with functional limitations, based on a national representative sample. Data from the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study collected in Finland from two data collection rounds (2002 and 2010) were conducted and pooled from adolescents aged between 13 and 15 years old with functional limitations ( n = 1041)...
October 19, 2017: Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907335/trial-protocol-the-use-of-mindfulness-based-intervention-for-improving-bracing-compliance-for-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-patients-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Benjamin Hon Kei Yip, Xue Li, Christine Hiu Yan Leung, Ting Gao, Vincent Chi Ho Chung, Fiona Wai Ping Yu, Tsz Ping Lam, Jack Chun Yiu Cheng, Samuel Yeung Shan Wong
INTRODUCTION: Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is the most prevalent deforming orthopaedic condition; it causes significant disability when spinal curves progress beyond 45deg. Bracing is the primary treatment prescribed for adolescents with an immature skeleton who have spinal curves between 25 and 45deg. New evidence suggests that compliance with bracing significantly decreases the progression of high-risk curves to the threshold for surgery. Nonetheless, bracing is a stressful experience...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906629/shorter-sleep-duration-is-associated-with-reduced-cognitive-development-at-two-years-of-age
#15
Lisa Smithson, Tieghan Baird, Sukhpreet K Tamana, Amanda Lau, Jennifer Mariasine, Joyce Chikuma, Diana L Lefebvre, Padmaja Subbarao, Allan B Becker, Stuart E Turvey, Malcolm R Sears, Deryk S Beal, Jacqueline Pei, Piush J Mandhane
BACKGROUND: Both short sleep duration and sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) are associated with poor neurocognitive development. However, the co-contributions of short sleep duration and SDB on neurodevelopment in pre-school children are relatively unknown. METHODS: We assessed both sleep duration and SDB by quarterly questionnaire from three months to two years of age among Canadian Healthy Infant Longitudinal Development (CHILD) birth cohort participants. Group-based modeling determined trajectories of total, daytime, and nighttime sleep duration and SDB...
April 30, 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905900/knee-alignment-in-adolescents-is-correlated-with-participation-in-weight-bearing-sports
#16
Laurens De Cock, Jan Dauwe, Lukas A Holzer, Johan Bellemans
PURPOSE: Weight-bearing sports might influence the alignment of the lower extremities during growth. The relationship between participation in weight-bearing sports and the alignment of the lower extremities in adolescents has not been adequately studied yet. The aim of the study was to investigate whether sports participation during growth in early adolescence is correlated with the development of genu varum. METHODS: The design was a correlation study in which 1008 (564 boys, 444 girls) healthy adolescents (from 12 to 19 years of age) were recruited in secondary schools...
June 15, 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905824/milk-powder-added-to-a-school-meal-increases-cognitive-test-scores-in-ghanaian-children
#17
Reginald Lee, Lauren Singh, Danielle van Liefde, Meghan Callaghan-Gillespie, Matilda Steiner-Asiedu, Kwesi Saalia, Carly Edwards, Anja Serena, Tamara Hershey, Mark J Manary
Background: The inclusion of milk in school feeding is accepted as good nutritional practice, but specific benefits remain uncertain. Objective: The objective was to determine whether consumption of 8.8 g milk protein/d given as milk powder with a multiple micronutrient-enriched porridge resulted in greater increases in linear growth and Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB) scores in Ghanaian schoolchildren when compared with 1 of 3 control groups...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905670/behavioral-measures-of-listening-effort-in-school-age-children-examining-the-effects-of-signal-to-noise-ratio-hearing-loss-and-amplification
#18
Ronan McGarrigle, Samantha J Gustafson, Benjamin W Y Hornsby, Fred H Bess
OBJECTIVES: Increased listening effort in school-age children with hearing loss (CHL) could compromise learning and academic achievement. Identifying a sensitive behavioral measure of listening effort for this group could have both clinical and research value. This study examined the effects of signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), hearing loss, and personal amplification on 2 commonly used behavioral measures of listening effort: dual-task visual response times (visual RTs) and verbal response times (verbal RTs)...
June 13, 2018: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905621/early-life-somatic-complaints-longitudinal-associations-with-maternal-and-child-psychopathology
#19
Melissa L Engel, Dominika A Winiarski, Brooke L Reidy, Patricia A Brennan
OBJECTIVE: Somatic complaints, often associated with concurrent and future internalizing symptoms and disorders in adult samples, were examined longitudinally from preschool to school age in a sample of children at an increased familial risk for psychopathology. The behavioral correlates and sex differences of somatic complaints and the persistence of these complaints across early childhood were examined. METHOD: A longitudinal sample of 185 mothers completed a laboratory visit when children were preschool aged and an online follow-up when children were school aged...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904328/assessment-of-the-italian-version-of-the-internet-disorder-scale-ids-15
#20
Lucia Monacis, Maria Sinatra, Mark D Griffiths, Valeria de Palo
Much research has focused on the validation of psychometric tools assessing Internet addiction. One of the newest measures is the Internet Disorder Scale (IDS-15) based on the modified IGD criteria outlined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5). This study aimed at investigating the psychometric properties of the Italian version of the IDS-15 by examining the construct and the concurrent and the criterion-related validity and by identifying the taxonomy and the patterns of Internet users...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
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