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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040615/exploring-cascading-effects-of-multimodal-communication-skills-in-infants-with-hearing-loss
#1
Megan Y Roberts, Lauren H Hampton
Infants and toddlers with hearing loss (HL) are at risk for developing communicative delays that can have a substantial lasting effect. Understanding child characteristics that may be targeted in early intervention is essential to maximizing communicative outcomes in children with HL. Among the most malleable predictors of communication skills include maternal responsivity, gestures, and vocalizations. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship among maternal responsivity, prelinguistic communication skills and expressive vocabulary in children with HL...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036331/early-reading-development-in-chinese-speaking-children-with-hearing-loss
#2
Yi-Chih Chan, You-Jhen Yang
This study aims to explore early reading comprehension in Chinese-speaking children with hearing loss (HL) by examining character recognition and linguistic comprehension. Twenty-five children with HL received three measures relevant to character reading: phonological awareness (PA), morphological awareness (MA), and character recognition; two linguistic-comprehension measures: receptive vocabulary knowledge and listening comprehension; and one reading comprehension measure. Three demographic variables pertinent to children with HL were also taken into account...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035110/early-communicative-skills-of-children-with-klinefelter-syndrome
#3
Laura Zampini, Tiziana Burla, Gaia Silibello, Francesca Dall'Ara, Claudia Rigamonti, Faustina Lalatta, Paola Vizziello
Many studies reported the presence of language impairments in children and adolescents with Klinefelter syndrome (KS). However, the first stage of their language development has been scarcely studied. The present study aimed to describe the spontaneous communicative production of 18-month-old children with KS, in comparison with that of typically developing (TD) male peers, aiming to verify the existence of different early communicative skills in both vocal and gestural modality and to identify the presence of possible associations with their later vocabulary size...
October 16, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034955/a-review-of-issues-of-nomenclature-and-taxonomy-of-hypericum-perforatum-l-and-kew-s-medicinal-plant-names-services
#4
REVIEW
Elizabeth Anne Dauncey, Jason Thomas Whitley Irving, Robert Allkin
OBJECTIVES: To review which names are used to refer to Hypericum perforatum L. in health regulation and medicinal plant references, and the potential for ambiguity or imprecision. KEY FINDINGS: Structured searches of Kew's Medicinal Plant Names Services Resource, supplemented with other online bibliographic resources, found that the scientific name Hypericum perforatum L. is used consistently in the literature, but variation between subspecies is rarely considered by researchers...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031869/hashgo-hashing-gene-ontology-for-protein-function-prediction
#5
Guoxian Yu, Yingwen Zhao, Chang Lu, Jun Wang
Gene ontology (GO) is a standardized and controlled vocabulary of terms that describe the molecular functions, biological roles and cellular locations of proteins. GO terms and GO hierarchy are regularly updated as the accumulated biological knowledge. More than 50,000 terms are included in GO and each protein is annotated with several or dozens of these terms. Therefore, accurately predicting the association between proteins and massive GO terms is rather challenging. To accurately predict the association between massive GO terms and proteins, we proposed a method called Hashing GO for protein function prediction (HashGO in short)...
October 4, 2017: Computational Biology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028583/influence-of-semantic-consistency-and-perceptual-features-on-visual-attention-during-scene-viewing-in-toddlers
#6
Andrea Helo, Sandrien van Ommen, Sebastian Pannasch, Lucile Danteny-Dordoigne, Pia Rämä
Conceptual representations of everyday scenes are built in interaction with visual environment and these representations guide our visual attention. Perceptual features and object-scene semantic consistency have been found to attract our attention during scene exploration. The present study examined how visual attention in 24-month-old toddlers is attracted by semantic violations and how perceptual features (i. e. saliency, centre distance, clutter and object size) and linguistic properties (i. e. object label frequency and label length) affect gaze distribution...
October 10, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027643/contribution-of-theory-of-mind-executive-functioning-and-pragmatics-to-socialization-behaviors-of-children-with-high-functioning-autism
#7
Carmen Berenguer, Ana Miranda, Carla Colomer, Inmaculada Baixauli, Belén Roselló
Social difficulties are a key aspect of autism, but the intervening factors are still poorly understood. This study had two objectives: to compare the profile of ToM skills, executive functioning (EF), and pragmatic competence (PC) of children with high-functioning autism (HFA) and children with typical development (TD), and analyze their mediator role in social functioning. The participants were 52 children with HFA and 37 children with TD matched on age, intelligence quotient, and expressive vocabulary. Significant differences were found on measures of ToM, both explicit and applied, EF, and PC between children with HFA and TD...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023519/essential-annotation-schema-for-ecology-ease-a-framework-supporting-the-efficient-data-annotation-and-faceted-navigation-in-ecology
#8
Claas-Thido Pfaff, David Eichenberg, Mario Liebergesell, Birgitta König-Ries, Christian Wirth
Ecology has become a data intensive science over the last decades which often relies on the reuse of data in cross-experimental analyses. However, finding data which qualifies for the reuse in a specific context can be challenging. It requires good quality metadata and annotations as well as efficient search strategies. To date, full text search (often on the metadata only) is the most widely used search strategy although it is known to be inaccurate. Faceted navigation is providing a filter mechanism which is based on fine granular metadata, categorizing search objects along numeric and categorical parameters relevant for their discovery...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023138/measurement-of-expressive-vocabulary-in-school-age-children-development-and-application-of-the-kilifi-naming-test-knt
#9
Patricia Kitsao-Wekulo, Penny A Holding, Jane D Kvalsvig, Katherine J Alcock, H Gerry Taylor
The dearth of locally developed measures of language makes it difficult to detect language and communication problems among school-age children in sub-Saharan African settings. We sought to describe variability in vocabulary acquisition as an important element of global cognitive functioning. Our primary aims were to establish the psychometric properties of an expressive vocabulary measure, examine sources of variability, and investigate the measure's associations with non-verbal reasoning and educational achievement...
October 12, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993814/a-dopamine-receptor-genetic-variant-enhances-perceptual-speed-in-cognitive-healthy-subjects
#10
S Barral, C Habeck, E Gazes, P L De Jager, D A Bennett, Y Stern
Cognition is under strong genetic control, yet the specific genes are unknown. To investigate genetic influences on specific cognitive domains, 153 cognitive healthy subjects of European ancestry from the Reference Abilities Study (RANN) were genotyped for 1,160 variants within 446 neuropsychiatric genes. Adjusted linear regression models evaluated the association between the genetic variants and four reference abilities, which capture variance in age-related cognitive function (Vocabulary, Episodic Memory, Perceptual Speed, and Reasoning)...
June 2017: Alzheimer's & Dementia: Translational Research & Clinical Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992767/sensitivity-of-expressive-linguistic-domains-to-surgery-age-and-audibility-of-speech-in-preschoolers-with-cochlear-implants
#11
Johanna G Nicholas, Ann E Geers
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether relative delays among domains exist in the conversational use of vocabulary, syntax, and morphology by children with cochlear implants (CIs) and whether these were differentially affected by age of implantation (AOI) and the audibility of speech. METHODS: Participants in this short-term longitudinal study were 126 children with AOI of 6-38 months and a matched group of 30 children without hearing loss. Language samples of the same children at ages 3...
October 10, 2017: Cochlear Implants International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991358/an-expanded-view-of-joint-attention-skill-engagement-and-language-in-typical-development-and-autism
#12
Lauren B Adamson, Roger Bakeman, Katharine Suma, Diana L Robins
This study provides an expanded view of joint attention and its relation to expressive language development. A total of 144 toddlers (40 typically developing, 58 with autism spectrum disorder [ASD], 46 with developmental delay [DD]) participated at 24 and 31 months. Toddlers who screened positive for ASD risk, especially those subsequently diagnosed with ASD, had poorer joint attention skills, joint engagement during parent-toddler interaction, and expressive language. Findings highlight the dynamic relation between joint attention and language development...
October 9, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987973/effect-of-age-at-cochlear-implantation-and-at-exposure-to-cued-speech-on-literacy-skills-in-deaf-children
#13
S Colin, J Ecalle, E Truy, G Lina-Granade, A Magnan
The aim of this study was to investigate how age at cochlear implantation (CI) and age at exposure to Cued Speech (CS, Manual system that resolves the ambiguity inherent lipreading) could impact literacy skills in deaf children. Ninety deaf children fitted with CI (early vs late) and exposed to CS (early vs late) from primary schools (from Grade 2 to Grade 5) took part in this study. Five literacy skills were assessed: phonological skills through phoneme deletion, reading (decoding and sentence comprehension), word spelling and vocabulary...
October 5, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987557/stapled-anastomosis-versus-hand-sewn-anastomosis-of-gastro-duodenojejunostomy-in-pancreaticoduodenectomy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Shahin Hajibandeh, Shahab Hajibandeh, Rao Muhammad Asaf Khan, Sohail Malik, Moustafa Mansour, Ambareen Kausar, Daren Subar
BACKGROUND: Controversy exists regarding the best anastomotic method for pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). We aimed to evaluate the perioperative outcomes of PD with stapled anastomosis (SA) versus hand-sewn anastomosis (HA) of gastrojejunostomy or duodenojejunostomy. METHODS: We conducted a systematic search of electronic information sources, including MEDLINE; EMBASE; CINAHL; the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL); the World Health Organization International Clinical Trials Registry; ClinicalTrials...
October 5, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983152/neural-changes-underlying-early-stages-of-l2-vocabulary-acquisition
#15
He Pu, Phillip J Holcomb, Katherine J Midgley
Research has shown neural changes following second language (L2) acquisition after weeks or months of instruction. But are such changes detectable even earlier than previously shown? The present study examines the electrophysiological changes underlying the earliest stages of second language vocabulary acquisition by recording event-related potentials (ERPs) within the first week of learning. Adult native English speakers with no previous Spanish experience completed less than four hours of Spanish vocabulary training, with pre- and post-training ERPs recorded to a backward translation task...
November 2016: Journal of Neurolinguistics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981448/asynchronous-brain-computer-interface-for-cognitive-assessment-in-people-with-cerebral-palsy
#16
R E Alcaide-Aguirre, S A Warschausky, D Brown, A Aref, J E Huggins
OBJECTIVE: Typically, clinical measures of cognition require motor or speech responses. Thus, a significant percentage of people with disabilities are not able to complete standardized assessments. This situation could be resolved by employing a more accessible test administration method, such as a brain-computer interface (BCI). A BCI can circumvent motor and speech requirements by translating brain activity to identify a subject's response. By eliminating the need for motor or speech input, one could use a BCI to assess an individual who previously did not have access to clinical tests...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Neural Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976646/untangling-cell-tracks-quantifying-cell-migration-by-time-lapse-image-data-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Carl-Magnus Svensson, Anna Medyukhina, Ivan Belyaev, Naim Al-Zaben, Marc Thilo Figge
Automated microscopy has given researchers access to great amounts of live cell imaging data from in vitro and in vivo experiments. Much focus has been put on extracting cell tracks from such data using a plethora of segmentation and tracking algorithms, but further analysis is normally required to draw biologically relevant conclusions. Such relevant conclusions may be whether the migration is directed or not, whether the population has homogeneous or heterogeneous migration patterns. This review focuses on the analysis of cell migration data that are extracted from time lapse images...
October 4, 2017: Cytometry. Part A: the Journal of the International Society for Analytical Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973626/delirium-in-older-persons-advances-in-diagnosis-and-treatment
#18
REVIEW
Esther S Oh, Tamara G Fong, Tammy T Hshieh, Sharon K Inouye
Importance: Delirium is defined as an acute disorder of attention and cognition. It is a common, serious, and often fatal condition among older patients. Although often underrecognized, delirium has serious adverse effects on the individual's function and quality of life, as well as broad societal effects with substantial health care costs. Objective: To summarize the current state of the art in diagnosis and treatment of delirium and to highlight critical areas for future research to advance the field...
September 26, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973172/emergent-literacy-skills-in-preschool-children-with-hearing-loss-who-use-spoken-language-initial-findings-from-the-early-language-and-literacy-acquisition-ella-study
#19
Krystal L Werfel
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare change in emergent literacy skills of preschool children with and without hearing loss over a 6-month period. Method: Participants included 19 children with hearing loss and 14 children with normal hearing. Children with hearing loss used amplification and spoken language. Participants completed measures of oral language, phonological processing, and print knowledge twice at a 6-month interval. A series of repeated-measures analyses of variance were used to compare change across groups...
September 22, 2017: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973154/the-oral-narrative-comprehension-and-production-abilities-of-verbal-preschoolers-on-the-autism-spectrum
#20
Marleen F Westerveld, Jacqueline M A Roberts
Purpose: This study described the oral narrative comprehension and production skills of verbal preschool-age children on the autism spectrum and investigated correlations between oral narrative ability and norm-referenced language test performance. Method: Twenty-nine preschool-age children (aged 4;0-5;9 years;months) with autism, who obtained an age-equivalent score of at least 36 months on the expressive communication subscale of the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales-Second Edition (Sparrow, Cicchetti, & Balla, 2005), participated...
September 21, 2017: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
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