keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

New drugs of 2015

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142181/treatment-strategy-for-standard-dose-proton-pump-inhibitor-resistant-reflux-esophagitis
#1
Katsuhiko Iwakiri
Reflux esophagitis is characterized by excessive esophageal acid exposure. To treat reflux esophagitis, it is necessary to reduce excessive esophageal acid exposure to within the normal range. The first-line drug for the treatment of reflux esophagitis is a standard-dose proton-pump inhibitor (PPI), which is also recommended by the Evidence-based Clinical Practice Guidelines 2015 for gastroesophageal disease of the Japanese Society of Gastroenterology. It has been reported that the response to a standard dose of PPI in patients with mild reflux esophagitis is 90-100%, and that in patients with severe reflux esophagitis is 80-85%...
2017: Journal of Nippon Medical School, Nippon Ika Daigaku Zasshi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141603/detect-i-detect-ii-a-study-protocol-for-a-prospective-multicentre-observational-study-to-validate-the-uromark-assay-for-the-detection-of-bladder-cancer-from-urinary-cells
#2
Wei Shen Tan, Andrew Feber, Liqin Dong, Rachael Sarpong, Sheida Rezaee, Simon Rodney, Pramit Khetrapal, Patricia de Winter, Frelyn Ocampo, Rumana Jalil, Norman R Williams, Chris Brew-Graves, John D Kelly
BACKGROUND: Haematuria is a common finding in general practice which requires visual inspection of the bladder by cystoscopy as well as upper tract imaging. In addition, patients with non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) often require surveillance cystoscopy as often as three monthly depending on disease risk. However, cystoscopy is an invasive procedure which is uncomfortable, requires hospital attendance and is associated with a risk of urinary tract infection. We have developed the UroMark assay, which can detect 150 methylation specific alteration specific to bladder cancer using DNA from urinary sediment cells...
November 15, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136389/factors-that-influence-fda-decisions-for-postmarketing-requirements-and-commitments-during-review-of-oncology-products
#3
Atsushi Hyogo, Masayuki Kaneko, Mamoru Narukawa
PURPOSE: With the recent use of expedited drug development and approval programs for several oncology products in the United States, the importance of postmarketing plans to confirm clinical benefits and safety is increasing. To discuss postmarketing requirements (PMRs) and postmarketing commitments (PMCs) required for oncology products approved in the United States, we investigated the factors that influenced the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) decisions for PMR/PMCs during FDA review...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135577/protease-inhibitors-and-preterm-delivery-another-piece-in-the-puzzle
#4
Graziella Favarato, Claire L Townsend, Heather Bailey, Helen Peters, Pat Tookey, Graham P Taylor, Claire Thorne
BACKGROUND: Questions remain regarding preterm delivery (PTD) risk in HIV-infected women on antiretroviral therapy (ART), including the role of ritonavir-boosted protease inhibitors (PI/r), timing of ART initiation and immune status. METHODS: We examined data from the UK/Ireland National Study of HIV in Pregnancy and Childhood on women with HIV delivering a singleton live infant in 2007-2015, including those pregnancies receiving PI/r-based (n=4184) or non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTI)-based regimens (n = 1889)...
November 10, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134621/replication-of-mini-sentinel-study-assessing-mirabegron-and-cardiovascular-risk-in-non-mini-sentinel-databases
#5
Jason C Simeone, Beth L Nordstrom, Kwame Appenteng, Samuel Huse, Milbhor D'Silva
BACKGROUND: In 2014, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) initiated a prospective routine surveillance using the Mini-Sentinel (M-S) program to assess potential signals of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and stroke with use of mirabegron, indicated for the treatment of overactive bladder (OAB), compared with oxybutynin. PURPOSE: To replicate the FDA M-S analysis of mirabegron using datasets that did not contribute to the M-S program. METHODS: IMS PharMetrics Plus and Truven MarketScan claims data from 2012-2015 were converted to the M-S Common Data Model...
November 13, 2017: Drugs—Real World Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132749/use-of-immunomodulatory-drugs-at-a-uveitis-clinic
#6
Claudia Millán-Longo, Diana Peiteado, Armelle Schlincker, Ventura Hidalgo, Amara Pieren, Alejandro Balsa, Eugenio de Miguel
OBJECTIVE: The treatment of noninfectious uveitis includes steroids and immunomodulatory drugs, the use of which has increased in the last few years, and the options have been enriched with the development of new treatments. However, clear therapeutic guidelines and protocols have not been developed. The purpose is to analyze the response to the drugs used and the characteristics of the patients treated at a multidisciplinary uveitis clinic. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Observational and retrospective study of the patients attended to from January 2012 to December 2015...
November 10, 2017: Reumatología Clinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127751/-the-benefit-of-new-angiogenesis-bevacizumab-and-aflibercept-inhibitors-for-multiple-angiomatosis-therapy-a%C3%A2-case-report
#7
Dagmar Brančíková, Lenka Ostřížková, Zdeněk Adam, Tomáš Nebeský, Luděk Pour, Zdeněk Král, Jiří Mayer
Angiomatosis is a term for multiple, gradually proliferating hemangiomas (angiodysplasia), affecting multiple organs or tissues at the same time. We describe a 12-year course of treatment of a patient with multiple hemangiomas located in the abdomen, retroperitoneum, oesophagus, mediastinum and also in vertebrae. The diagnosis was made in 2005 within probatory laparotomy, at the age of 28 years. The treatment was commenced right after making the diagnosis with interferon α. Due to its adverse effects (fatigue, anorexia), the use of interferon α was limited to the first year, after which the interferon dose was gradually being reduced until it was discontinued completely...
2017: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122792/understanding-the-implementation-of-sick-day-guidance-to-prevent-acute-kidney-injury-across-a-primary-care-setting-in-england-a-qualitative-evaluation
#8
Anne-Marie Martindale, Rebecca Elvey, Susan J Howard, Sheila McCorkindale, Smeeta Sinha, Tom Blakeman
OBJECTIVES: The study sought to examine the implementation of sick day guidance cards designed to prevent acute kidney injury (AKI), in primary care settings. DESIGN: Qualitative semistructured interviews were conducted and comparative analysis informed by normalisation process theory was undertaken to understand sense-making, implementation and appraisal of the cards and associated guidance. SETTING: A single primary care health setting in the North of England...
November 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120012/hepatitis-c-virus-dynamics-among-intravenous-drug-users-suggest-that-an-annual-treatment-uptake-above-10-would-eliminate-the-disease-by-2030
#9
Philip Bruggmann, Sarah Blach, Pierre Deltenre, Jan Fehr, Roger Kouyos, Daniel Lavanchy, Beat Müllhaupt, Andri Rauch, Homie Razavi, Patrick Schmid, David Semela, Marcel Stoeckle, Franco Negro
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: In Switzerland, the prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) among people who inject drugs (PWID) has been decreasing owing to active harm reduction efforts and an aging population. Recent advances in HCV therapeutics may provide an opportunity to direct treatment to high-risk populations, with a goal of reducing HCV prevalence and preventing new infections. In order to guide these efforts, the current project was undertaken with the following aims: (1) to develop a simple model to estimate the number of new HCV infections using available data on PWID; (2) to examine the impact of intervention strategies (prevention and treatment) on new and total HCV infections among PWID...
November 9, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116637/epidemiology-of-drug-resistant-tuberculosis
#10
Anna S Dean, Helen Cox, Matteo Zignol
As we move into the era of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the World Health Organization (WHO) has developed the End TB strategy 2016-2035 with a goal to end the global epidemic of tuberculosis (TB) by 2035. Achieving the targets laid out in the Strategy will require strengthening of the whole TB diagnosis and treatment cascade, including improved case detection, the establishment of universal drug susceptibility testing and rapid treatment initiation. An estimated 3.9% of new TB cases and 21% of previously treated cases had rifampicin-resistant (RR) or multidrug-resistant (MDR) TB in 2015...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114022/hupb-is-a-bacterial-nucleoid-associated-protein-with-an-indispensable-eukaryotic-like-tail
#11
Joanna Hołówka, Damian Trojanowski, Katarzyna Ginda, Bartosz Wojtaś, Bartłomiej Gielniewski, Dagmara Jakimowicz, Jolanta Zakrzewska-Czerwińska
In bacteria, chromosomal DNA must be efficiently compacted to fit inside the small cell compartment while remaining available for the proteins involved in replication, segregation, and transcription. Among the nucleoid-associated proteins (NAPs) responsible for maintaining this highly organized and yet dynamic chromosome structure, the HU protein is one of the most conserved and highly abundant. HupB, a homologue of HU, was recently identified in mycobacteria. This intriguing mycobacterial NAP is composed of two domains: an N-terminal domain that resembles bacterial HU, and a long and distinctive C-terminal domain that contains several PAKK/KAAK motifs, which are characteristic of the H1/H5 family of eukaryotic histones...
November 7, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112842/occurrence-and-geodatabase-mapping-of-three-contaminants-of-emerging-concern-in-receiving-water-and-at-effluent-from-waste-water-treatment-plants-a-first-overview-of-the-situation-in-the-republic-of-ireland
#12
REVIEW
Alexandre Tahar, Erin Jo Tiedeken, Neil J Rowan
This constitutes the first study to address occurrence and geodatabase mapping of the anti-inflammatory drug diclofenac (DCL) and the natural (17-beta-estradiol or E2) and synthetic (17-alpha-ethynylestradiol or EE2) estrogenic hormones in Republic of Ireland receiving waters over the period 1999 to 2015. Among these data, 317 samples came from concentration studies, while 205 were from effect-based studies. Monitoring data came from 16 waste water treatment plants (WWTPs), 23 water bodies (including rivers, lakes, marine and transitional waters) and 7 from domestic locations...
November 4, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111156/genetics-of-human-susceptibility-to-active-and-latent-tuberculosis-present-knowledge-and-future-perspectives
#13
REVIEW
Laurent Abel, Jacques Fellay, David W Haas, Erwin Schurr, Geetha Srikrishna, Michael Urbanowski, Nimisha Chaturvedi, Sudha Srinivasan, Daniel H Johnson, William R Bishai
Tuberculosis is an ancient human disease, estimated to have originated and evolved over thousands of years alongside modern human populations. Despite considerable advances in disease control, tuberculosis remains one of the world's deadliest communicable diseases with 10 million incident cases and 1·8 million deaths in 2015 alone based on the annual WHO report, due to inadequate health service resources in less-developed regions of the world, and exacerbated by the HIV/AIDS pandemic and emergence of multidrug-resistant strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
October 27, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109934/do-clinical-trials-conducted-in-india-match-its-healthcare-needs-an-audit-of-the-clinical-trials-registry-of-india
#14
Mansi Chaturvedi, Nithya J Gogtay, Urmila M Thatte
Background: India continues to contribute disproportionately to the global burden of disease and public health research output from India is also known to be not commensurate with her healthcare needs. We carried out the present study to assess if clinical trials were in line with the health care needs of the country by auditing the clinical trials registry of India. Materials and Methods: All the clinical studies registered in CTRI between July 20, 2007 and December 31, 2015 were searched in the "Trial Search" section...
October 2017: Perspectives in Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109625/postoperative-delirium-in-elderly-citizens-and-current-practice
#15
REVIEW
Siddareddygari Velayudha Reddy, Jawaharlal Narayanasa Irkal, Ananthapuram Srinivasamurthy
Postoperative delirium (POD) represents an acute brain dysfunction in the postsurgical period. Perioperative physicians caring for the older adults are familiar with the care of dysfunction of organs such as lungs, heart, liver, or kidney in the perioperative setting, but they are less familiar with management of brain dysfunction. As early detection and prompt treatment of inciting factors are utmost important to prevent or minimize the deleterious outcomes of delirium. The purpose of this review is to prepare perioperative physicians with a set of current clinical practice recommendations to provide optimal perioperative care of older adults, with a special focus on specific perioperative interventions that have been shown to prevent POD...
July 2017: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108136/application-and-optimisation-of-the-comparison-on-extreme-laboratory-tests-cert-algorithm-for-detection-of-adverse-drug-reactions-transferability-across-national-boundaries
#16
Mun Yee Tham, Qing Ye, Pei San Ang, Liza Y Fan, Dukyong Yoon, Rae Woong Park, Zheng Jye Ling, James W Yip, Bee Choo Tai, Stephen Jw Evans, Cynthia Sung
PURPOSE: The Singapore regulatory agency for health products (Health Sciences Authority), in performing active surveillance of medicines and their potential harms, is open to new methods to achieve this goal. Laboratory tests are a potential source of data for this purpose. We have examined the performance of the Comparison on Extreme Laboratory Tests (CERT) algorithm, developed by Ajou University, Korea, as a potential tool for adverse drug reaction detection based on the electronic medical records of the Singapore health care system...
November 6, 2017: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098140/mpgn-and-mixed-cryoglobulinemia-in-a-patient-with-hepatitis-c-new-treatment-implications-and-renal-outcomes
#17
Shannon B Palombo, Eric C Wendel, Laura R Kidd, Farshid Yazdi, Mihran V Naljayan
. INTRODUCTION: The association of hepatitis C virus (HCV), cryoglobulinemia, and membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (MPGN) is well known. Treatment of underlying HCV infection has greatly improved in recent years with the introduction of direct-acting antivirals (DAA), which have demonstrated curative sustained viral response (SVR) rates for select viral genotypes with the added benefit of less drug side effects. However, a mainstay of newer DAAs is sofosbuvir, which is contraindicated in patients with severe renal impairment...
2017: Clin Nephrol Case Stud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096671/community-led-responses-for-elimination-core-a-study-protocol-for-a-community-randomized-controlled-trial-assessing-the-effectiveness-of-community-level-reactive-focal-drug-administration-for-reducing-plasmodium-falciparum-infection-prevalence-and-incidence
#18
Daniel J Bridges, John M Miller, Victor Chalwe, Hawela Moonga, Busiku Hamainza, Rick Steketee, Kafula Silumbe, Jenala Nyangu, David A Larsen
BACKGROUND: Zambia is pushing for, and has made great strides towards, the elimination of malaria transmission in Southern Province. Reactive focal test and treat (RFTAT) using rapid diagnostic tests and artemether-lumefantrine (AL) has been key in making this progress. Reactive focal drug administration (RFDA) using dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine (DHAP), may be superior in accelerating clearance of the parasite reservoir in humans due to the provision of enhanced chemoprophylactic protection of at-risk populations against new infections...
November 2, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093781/efficacy-of-the-thoracolumbar-interfascial-plane-block-for-lumbar-laminoplasty-a-retrospective-study
#19
Hironobu Ueshima, Tomoyuki Ozawa, Tomoaki Toyone, Hiroshi Otake
Study Design: This paper was a single center-based retrospective study with prospective data collection. Purpose: Compared with other surgeries, limited options are available for perioperative pain management in spinal surgery. Therefore, we aimed to identify new pain management in this study. Overview of Literature: The thoracolumbar interfascial plane (TLIP) block has been reported to provide effective regional analgesia in the lumbar region...
October 2017: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089041/the-increasing-rates-of-acute-interstitial-nephritis-in-australia-a-single-centre-case-series
#20
Gregory J Wilson, Adrian L Kark, Leo P Francis, Wendy Hoy, Helen G Healy, Andrew J Mallett
BACKGROUND: The Australian Institute of Health and Welfare's first report into acute kidney injury demonstrated a significant increase in the incidence of acute-tubulo interstitial nephritis, the ICD-10 code representing both acute interstitial nephritis and pyelonephritis, in women aged less than 55 years. In contrast, recent case series have reported rising rates of drug induced acute interstitial nephritis predominantly among elderly patients. Due to several limitations with the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare report, this new trend requires further investigation to determine if rates of acute interstitial nephritis are truly increasing among younger Australian women...
October 31, 2017: BMC Nephrology
keyword
keyword
86562
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"