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fatty liver and pregnancy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325296/-clinical-features-and-treatment-of-acute-fatty-liver-of-pregnancy-complicated-by-acute-liver-failure
#1
H F Xiong, J Y Liu, L M Guo, C S Li, J B Tan, Y F Liu, Y Sun, L Pu, P Xiang, M Zhang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 20, 2017: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302904/acute-kidney-injury-in-pregnancy-with-special-reference-to-pregnancy-specific-disorders-a-hospital-based-study-2014-2016
#2
Jai Prakash, Vivek C Ganiger, Suraj Prakash, Mohammad Iqbal, Deba Prasad Kar, Usha Singh, Ashish Verma
INTRODUCTION: There are numerous reports in the literature describing acute kidney injury in pregnancy (P-AKI) due to various obstetric complications. However, there is a dearth of studies on AKI related to pregnancy-specific disorders from India. We aimed to analyze clinical features and outcome of P-AKI related to pregnancy-specific disorders compared to total pregnancy, in India. METHOD: All pregnant women attending the department of Obstetrics and Gynecology from November 2014 to July 2016 were screened for AKI based on: (1) sudden elevation of serum creatinine ≥ 1 mg/dl; (2) oligoanuria for > 12 h; and (3) need for dialysis...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297090/outcome-and-risk-factors-of-patients-with-acute-fatty-liver-of-pregnancy-a-multicentre-retrospective-study
#3
Qiang Gao, Xin Qu, Xiukai Chen, Jicheng Zhang, Fen Liu, Suochen Tian, Chunting Wang
INTRODUCTION: Acute fatty liver of pregnancy (AFLP) frequently causes liver failure in pregnant women. The relatively high mortality of AFLP behoves a better understanding of its clinical characteristics, management, outcomes and risk factors. We aimed to describe the characteristics of AFLP, and further assess its outcomes and potential risk factors from the perspectives of the mother and fetus. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of 133 patients with AFLP hospitalised at four tertiary hospitals in China between January 2009 and April 2014...
January 3, 2018: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249214/hitting-a-triple-in-the-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-field-sucrose-intake-in-adulthood-increases-fat-content-in-the-female-but-not-in-the-male-rat-offspring-of-dams-fed-a-gestational-low-protein-diet
#4
L Nicolás-Toledo, M Cervantes-Rodríguez, E Cuevas-Romero, D L Corona-Quintanilla, E Pérez-Sánchez, E Zambrano, F Castelán, J Rodríguez-Antolín
The excessive consumption of carbohydrates is related to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in infants and adults. The effect of combining maternal malnutrition and a high carbohydrate intake on the development of NAFLD in adulthood remains unknown. We therefore hypothesized that consumption of 5% sucrose by the offspring of dams fed a low-protein diet during pregnancy promotes liver fat accumulation and oxidative damage differently in females and males. To test this, 12-month-old female and male offspring of mothers fed a Control (C) or low-protein diet (Restricted, R) were provided with either tap water or 5% sucrose for a period of 10 weeks...
December 18, 2017: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225680/presumed-acute-fatty-liver-of-pregnancy-following-influenza-a-hepatitis
#5
Adam Morton
Acute fatty liver of pregnancy is a rare mitochondrial hepatopathy characterised by microvesicular fatty infiltration, and is believed to be due to impaired fatty acid oxidation. Hepatitis following influenza virus infection is uncommon. Rarely influenza virus infection may be complicated by Reye's syndrome, another hepatic microvesicular fat disease. A case of influenza A hepatitis in third trimester of pregnancy, followed by the evelopment of presumed acute fatty liver of pregnancy is described in this report and a potential mechanism why this may have occurred is discussed...
December 2017: Obstetric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224865/effects-of-supplementation-with-ruminally-protected-choline-on-performance-of-multiparous-holstein-cows-did-not-depend-upon-prepartum-caloric-intake
#6
M G Zenobi, R Gardinal, J E Zuniga, A L G Dias, C D Nelson, J P Driver, B A Barton, J E P Santos, C R Staples
Objectives were to evaluate the effect of prepartum energy intake on performance of dairy cows supplemented with or without ruminally protected choline (RPC; 0 or 17.3 g/d of choline chloride; 0 or 60 g/d of ReaShure, Balchem Corp., New Hampton, NY). At 47 ± 6 d before the expected calving date, 93 multiparous Holstein cows were assigned randomly to 1 of 4 dietary treatments in a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement. Cows were fed energy to excess [EXE; 1.63 Mcal of net energy for lactation/kg of dry matter (DM)] or to maintenance (MNE; 1...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191195/maternal-dietary-free-or-bound-fructose-diversely-influence-developmental-programming-of-lipogenesis
#7
Armagan Aytug Yuruk, Reyhan Nergiz-Unal
BACKGROUND: Maternal dietary choices throughout preconception, pregnancy, and lactation irreversibly affect the development of fetal tissues and organs, known as fetal programming. Recommendations tend to emphasize reducing added sugars. However, the impact of maternal dietary free or bound fructose in added sugars on developmental programming of lipogenesis is unknown. METHODS: Virgin Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into five groups. Rats were given feed and plain water (control) or water containing maltodextrin (vehicle), fructose, high-fructose corn syrup (HFCS) containing 55% fructose, sucrose (20% w/v) for 12 weeks before mating and throughout the pregnancy and lactation periods...
December 1, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174520/liver-dysfunction-during-pregnancy-and-its-association-of-with-preterm-birth-in-china-a-prospective-cohort-study
#8
Xun Zhuang, Ai-Min Cui, Qin Wang, Xiao-Yan Cheng, Yi Shen, Wei-Hua Cai, Hai-Bo Li, Sheng Zhang, Gang Qin
BACKGROUND: Liver dysfunction is common in pregnancy but its association with adverse pregnancy outcomes such as preterm birth (PTB) remains unclear. METHODS: A prospective cohort of HBV-infected or uninfected pregnant women attending antenatal care was recruited at Nantong Maternal and Child Health Hospital between January 1, 2012, and June 30, 2016. Liver function tests (LFTs) were monitored through pregnancy. The primary outcomes were PTB and very PTB (delivery prior 37 and 32weeks' gestation respectively)...
November 21, 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173222/maternal-conjugated-linoleic-acid-modulates-tag-metabolism-in-adult-rat-offspring
#9
Jimena Lavandera, Carolina D Gerstner, Juliana Saín, Ana C Fariña, Marcela A González, Claudio A Bernal
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) might regulate the lipid depots in liver and adipose tissue. As there is an association between maternal nutrition, fat depots and risk of offspring chronic disease, the aim was to investigate the effect of maternal CLA consumption on TAG regulation and some inflammatory parameters in adult male rat offspring receiving or not receiving CLA. Female Wistar rats were fed control (C) or CLA-supplemented (1 %, w/w) diets during 4 weeks before and throughout pregnancy and lactation...
November 27, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167412/phosphatidylethanolamine-methyltransferase-%C3%AE-6-desaturase-and-palmitoyldocosahexaenoyl-phosphatidylcholine-are-increased-in-rats-during-pregnancy
#10
Alan Chalil, Alex P Kitson, Juan J Aristizabal Henao, Kristin A Marks, Jason L Elzinga, Daniel M E Lamontagne-Kam, Daniel Chalil, Flavia Badoud, David M Mutch, Ken D Stark
Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is important for fetal neurodevelopment. During pregnancy, maternal plasma DHA increases, but the mechanism is not fully understood. Using rats fed a fixed-formula diet (DHA as 0.07% total energy), plasma and liver were collected for fatty acid profiling before pregnancy, at 15 and 20 days of pregnancy, and 7 days postpartum. Phosphatidylethanolamine methyltransferase (PEMT) and enzymes involved in polyunsaturated fatty acid synthesis were examined in liver. Ad hoc transcriptomic and lipidomic analyses were also performed...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Lipid Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166957/dha-supplementation-during-pregnancy-as-phospholipids-or-tag-produces-different-placental-uptake-but-similar-fetal-brain-accretion-in-neonatal-piglets
#11
Antonio Gázquez, María Ruíz-Palacios, Elvira Larqué
The great variety of n-3 long-chain PUFA sources raises the question of the most adequate for using as a DHA supplement during pregnancy. Placental and fetal availability of different DHA sources remains unclear. We investigated DHA availability in maternal lipoproteins, placenta and fetal tissues in pregnant sows fed DHA as phospholipid (PL) or TAG to identify the best DHA source during this period. Pregnant Iberian sows were fed diets containing 0·8 % DHA of total fatty acids as PL from egg yolk or TAG from algae oil during the last third of gestation (40 d)...
November 23, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133192/maternal-micronutrients-omega-3-fatty-acids-and-gene-expression-of-angiogenic-and-inflammatory-markers-in-pregnancy-induced-hypertension-rats
#12
Nisha Kemse, Deepali Sundrani, Anvita Kale, Sadhana Joshi
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Preeclampsia is a disorder of pregnancy and is associated with inflammation and altered angiogenesis. The present study examines the effect of micronutrient and omega-3 fatty acid supplementation (individual, as well as combined) on genes involved in inflammation and angiogenesis, as well as global DNA methylation levels in a pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH) rat model. METHODS: Pregnant Wistar rats were randomly assigned to six dietary groups: control, PIH (Pregnancy induced hypertension) Induced; PIH Induced with micronutrient supplements with vitamin B12 (PIHB), folate (PIHF), omega-3 fatty acid (PIHO), and combined supplementation (PIHC) (micronutrients and omega-3 fatty acids)...
November 10, 2017: Archives of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055723/proteomics-and-metabolomics-characterizing-the-pathophysiology-of-adaptive-reactions-to-the-metabolic-challenges-during-the-transition-from-late-pregnancy-to-early-lactation-in-dairy-cows
#13
Fabrizio Ceciliani, Cristina Lecchi, Christiane Urh, Helga Sauerwein
The transition from late pregnancy to early lactation is a critical period in a dairy cow's life due to the rapidly increasing drain of nutrients from the maternal organism towards the foetus and into colostrum and milk. In order to cope with the challenges of parturition and lactation, comprehensive adaptive reactions comprising the endocrine and the immune system need to be accomplished. There is high variation in this coping ability and both metabolic and infectious diseases, summarized as "production diseases", such as hypocalcaemia (milk fever), fatty liver syndrome, laminitis and ketosis, may occur and impact welfare, productive lifespan and economic outcomes...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046229/fetal-overnutrition-and-adolescent-hepatic-fat-fraction-the-exploring-perinatal-outcomes-in-children-study
#14
Anna Bellatorre, Ann Scherzinger, Elizabeth Stamm, Mercedes Martinez, Brandy Ringham, Dana Dabelea
OBJECTIVE: To determine if fetal overnutrition resulting from maternal obesity or gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with increased liver fat during adolescence, adjusting for past and current metabolic risk factors. STUDY DESIGN: Data come from a historical prospective cohort study (Exploring Perinatal Outcomes in Children) of 254 mother-child pairs in Colorado who participated in 2 research visits at T1 (mean age 10.4, SD = 1.5 years) and at T2 (mean age 16...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034746/clinical-characteristics-of-acute-fatty-liver-of-pregnancy-in-a-tertiary-indonesian-hospital
#15
Muhammad Ilham Aldika Akbar, Indah Mayang Sari, Aditiawarman, Erry Gumilar Dachlan, Gustaaf Dekker
Acute fatty liver of pregnancy (AFLP) is a rare, often autosomal recessive disorder with a major risk for maternal and perinatal mortality and morbidity. In order to achieve a more favorable outcome, awareness of its clinical signs and symptoms and early recognition are of pivotal importance. Over a 5-year period 18 patients were diagnosed with AFLP (one twin, 19 babies). The most common sign and symptoms were jaundice, hypoglycemia, nausea and vomiting, encephalopathy, and hypertension. Abnormal laboratory test results included: elevated total/ conjugated (direct) bilirubin, AST, ALT, PT, APTT, creatinine, leukocyte count, and hypoalbuminemia...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930194/developmental-programming-of-obesity-and-liver-metabolism-by-maternal-perinatal-nutrition-involves-the-melanocortin-system
#16
Paul Cordero, Jiawei Li, Vi Nguyen, Joaquim Pombo, Nuria Maicas, Marco Novelli, Paul D Taylor, Anne-Maj Samuelsson, Manlio Vinciguerra, Jude A Oben
Maternal obesity predisposes offspring to metabolic dysfunction and Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD). Melanocortin-4 receptor (Mc4r)-deficient mouse models exhibit obesity during adulthood. Here, we aim to determine the influence of the Mc4r gene on the liver of mice subjected to perinatal diet-induced obesity. Female mice heterozygous for Mc4r fed an obesogenic or a control diet for 5 weeks were mated with heterozygous males, with the same diet continued throughout pregnancy and lactation, generating four offspring groups: control wild type (C_wt), control knockout (C_KO), obese wild type (Ob_wt), and obese knockout (Ob_KO)...
September 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923316/different-combinations-of-maternal-and-postnatal-diet-are-reflected-in-changes-of-hepatic-parenchyma-and-hepatic-tnf-alpha-expression-in-male-rat-offspring
#17
Željka Perić Kačarević, Anđela Grgić, Darija Šnajder, Nikola Bijelić, Tatjana Belovari, Olga Cvijanović, Valerija Blažičević, Radivoje Radić
Obesity is related to increased TNF-alpha production in different tissues. TNF-alpha is connected to mitochondrial dysfunction in the liver and also development of fatty infiltration of the liver. Also, postnatal change from normal to high-fat diet causes a significant increase in TNF-alpha serum levels. The aim of this research was to determine how maternal diet and switching male offspring to a different dietary regime after lactation influences rat liver. Ten female Sprague Dawley rats at nine weeks of age were randomly divided in two groups and fed either standard laboratory chow or high-fat diet during six weeks, and then mated with the same male subject...
September 15, 2017: Acta Histochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855630/ppar%C3%AE-activation-protects-against-cholestatic-liver-injury
#18
Qi Zhao, Rui Yang, Jing Wang, Dan-Dan Hu, Fei Li
Intrahepatic cholestasis induced by drug toxicity, bile salt export pump (BSEP) deficiency, or pregnancy frequently causes cholestatic liver damage, which ultimately may lead to liver fibrosis and cirrhosis. Here, the preventive and therapeutic effects of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPARα) signaling activated by fenofibrate was evaluated on cholestatic liver damage. Metabolomic analysis revealed that alpha-naphthyl isothiocyanate (ANIT)-induced intrahepatic cholestasis resulted in the accumulation of serum long-chain acylcarnitines and triglyceride, and the reduced expression of four fatty acid β-oxidation (β-FAO) relevant genes (Cpt1b, Cpt2, Mcad and Hadha), indicating the disruption of β-FAO...
August 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846061/obstetric-outcomes-in-women-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#19
Yeon Woo Lee, Christina D Yarrington
BACKGROUND: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is one of the most common chronic liver diseases in the Western world and yet there is little research into its impact on pregnancy. METHODS: A literature review was conducted in the database PubMed, with articles published between 1990 and 2017. The selected studies addressed features specifically attributed to NAFLD and associated obstetric and neonatal outcomes. Nine studies met criteria. Our aim was to consolidate the limited literature and identify trends...
October 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819576/pitfall-in-the-diagnosis-of-diabetes-insipidus-and-pregnancy
#20
Melissa Sum, Jessica B Fleischer, Alexander G Khandji, Sharon L Wardlaw
Diabetes insipidus (DI) during pregnancy and the perinatal period is an uncommon medical problem characterized by polyuria and excessive thirst. Diagnosis of DI may be overlooked in the setting of pregnancy, a time when increased water intake and urine output are commonly reported. We report two cases: one of transient DI in a young woman during her third trimester of twin pregnancy in association with acute fatty liver and hypertension and one of postpartum DI secondary to Sheehan syndrome from rupture of a splenic artery aneurysm...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
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