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Muscle histochemistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705893/a-study-of-changes-in-levator-muscle-in-congenital-ptosis
#1
Abhidnya Surve, M C Sharma, Neelam Pushker, M S Bajaj, Rachna Meel, Seema Kashyap
PURPOSE: To study microscopic and ultrastructural changes of levator palpebrae superioris (LPS) muscle in congenital ptosis. METHODS: In this prospective observational study, LPS muscle was studied in 77 eyelids with congenital ptosis; 35-simple congenital ptosis (SCP), 12-Marcus Gunn jaw winking phenomenon (MGJWP), and 30-blepharophimosis epicanthus inversus syndrome (BPES). Light microscopy, enzyme histochemistry, immunohistochemistry and electron microscopy were performed, and results were analyzed...
April 28, 2018: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678764/relation-of-nnos-isoforms-to-mitochondrial-density-and-pgc-1alpha-expression-in-striated-muscles-of-mice
#2
Oliver Baum, Dea Aaldijk, Anna Lena Engeli, Matthias Spree, Serge Summermatter, Christoph Handschin, Andreas Zakrzewicz
The expression of neuronal NO synthase (nNOS) alpha- and beta-isoforms in skeletal muscle is well documented but only little information is available about their regulation/functions. Using different mouse models, we now assessed whether the expression of nNOS-isoforms in muscle fibers is related to mitochondria content/activity and regulated by peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator-1alpha (PGC-1alpha). Catalytic histochemistry revealed highest nNOS-concentrations to be present in type-2 oxidative muscle fibers...
April 17, 2018: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620941/cerebrovascular-%C3%AE-amyloid-deposition-and-associated-microhemorrhages-in-a-tg2576-alzheimer-mouse-model-are-reduced-with-a-dha-enriched-diet
#3
Justine Hur, Véronique Mateo, Nicolas Amalric, Mégane Babiak, Gilbert Béréziat, Claire Kanony-Truc, Thierry Clerc, Régis Blaise, Isabelle Limon
Cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) is a major contributor to Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathogenesis. Like AD, CAA is often accompanied by marked inflammation, aggravating associated vasculopathies. No evidence-based prevention or treatment strategies are available. Here, we evaluate the possible beneficial effect of a diet enriched with docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), which is known to attenuate inflammation in CAA. Tg2576 mice, a transgenic model of AD/CAA, were fed a DHA-enriched diet starting at 2 mo of age and ending at 10, 14, or 18 mo of age...
April 5, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603301/quantification-of-lectin-fluorescence-in-gne-myopathy-muscle-biopsies
#4
Petcharat Leoyklang, Bradley Class, Satoru Noguchi, William A Gahl, Nuria Carrillo, Ichizo Nishino, Marjan Huizing, May Christine Malicdan
INTRODUCTION: GNE myopathy is an adult-onset muscle disorder characterized by impaired sialylation of (muscle) glycans, detectable by lectin histochemistry. We describe a standardized method to quantify (lectin-)fluorescence in muscle sections, applicable for diagnosis and response to therapy for GNE myopathy. METHODS: Muscle sections were fluorescently labeled with the sialic acid-binding Sambucus nigra agglutinin (SNA) lectin and antibodies to sarcolemma residence protein Caveolin-3 (CAV-3)...
March 30, 2018: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602989/an-in-vivo-analysis-of-safe-laparoscopic-grasping-thresholds-for-colorectal-surgery
#5
Jenifer Barrie, Louise Russell, Adrian J Hood, David G Jayne, Anne Neville, Peter R Culmer
BACKGROUND: Analysis of safe laparoscopic grasping thresholds for the colon has not been performed. This study aimed to analyse tissue damage thresholds when the colon is grasped laparoscopically, correlating histological changes to mechanical compressive forces. METHODS: An instrumented laparoscopic grasper was used to measure the forces applied to porcine colon, with data captured and plotted as a force-time (f-t) curve. Haematoxylin and eosin histochemistry of tissue subjected to 10, 20, 40, 50 and 70 N for 5, 30 and 60 s was performed, and the area of colonic circular and longitudinal muscle was compared in grasped and un-grasped regions...
March 30, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517834/properties-of-the-vastus-lateralis-muscle-in-relation-to-age-and-physiological-function-in-master-cyclists-aged-55-79-years
#6
Ross D Pollock, Katie A O'Brien, Lorna J Daniels, Kathrine B Nielsen, Anthea Rowlerson, Niharika A Duggal, Norman R Lazarus, Janet M Lord, Andrew Philp, Stephen D R Harridge
In this study, results are reported from the analyses of vastus lateralis muscle biopsy samples obtained from a subset (n = 90) of 125 previously phenotyped, highly active male and female cyclists aged 55-79 years in regard to age. We then subsequently attempted to uncover associations between the findings in muscle and in vivo physiological functions. Muscle fibre type and composition (ATPase histochemistry), size (morphometry), capillary density (immunohistochemistry) and mitochondrial protein content (Western blot) in relation to age were determined in the biopsy specimens...
April 2018: Aging Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424033/mitochondrial-dysfunction-in-human-skeletal-muscle-biopsies-of-lipid-storage-disorder
#7
Bandopadhyay Debashree, Manish Kumar, Thottethodi Subrahmanya Keshava Prasad, Archana Natarajan, Rita Christopher, Atchayaram Nalini, Parayil Sankaran Bindu, Narayanappa Gayathri, Muchukunte Mukunda Srinivas Bharath
Mitochondria regulate the balance between lipid metabolism and storage in the skeletal muscle. Altered lipid transport, metabolism and storage influence the bioenergetics, redox status and insulin signalling, contributing to cardiac and neurological diseases. Lipid storage disorders (LSDs) are neurological disorders which entail intramuscular lipid accumulation and impaired mitochondrial bioenergetics in the skeletal muscle causing progressive myopathy with muscle weakness. However, the mitochondrial changes including molecular events associated with impaired lipid storage have not been completely understood in the human skeletal muscle...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391529/small-molecule-flunarizine-increases-smn-protein-in-nuclear-cajal-bodies-and-motor-function-in-a-mouse-model-of-spinal-muscular-atrophy
#8
Delphine Sapaly, Matthieu Dos Santos, Perrine Delers, Olivier Biondi, Gwendoline Quérol, Léo Houdebine, Kevinee Khoobarry, François Girardet, Philippe Burlet, Anne-Sophie Armand, Christophe Chanoine, Jean-François Bureau, Frédéric Charbonnier, Suzie Lefebvre
The hereditary neurodegenerative disorder spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is characterized by the loss of spinal cord motor neurons and skeletal muscle atrophy. SMA is caused by mutations of the survival motor neuron (SMN) gene leading to a decrease in SMN protein levels. The SMN deficiency alters nuclear body formation and whether it can contribute to the disease remains unclear. Here we screen a series of small-molecules on SMA patient fibroblasts and identify flunarizine that accumulates SMN into Cajal bodies, the nuclear bodies important for the spliceosomal small nuclear RNA (snRNA)-ribonucleoprotein biogenesis...
February 1, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232172/halo-202-randomized-phase-ii-study-of-pegph20-plus-nab-paclitaxel-gemcitabine-versus-nab-paclitaxel-gemcitabine-in-patients-with-untreated-metastatic-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma
#9
Sunil R Hingorani, Lei Zheng, Andrea J Bullock, Tara E Seery, William P Harris, Darren S Sigal, Fadi Braiteh, Paul S Ritch, Mark M Zalupski, Nathan Bahary, Paul E Oberstein, Andrea Wang-Gillam, Wilson Wu, Dimitrios Chondros, Ping Jiang, Sihem Khelifa, Jie Pu, Carrie Aldrich, Andrew E Hendifar
Purpose Metastatic pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma is characterized by excessive hyaluronan (HA) accumulation in the tumor microenvironment, elevating interstitial pressure and impairing perfusion. Preclinical studies demonstrated pegvorhyaluronidase alfa (PEGPH20) degrades HA, thereby increasing drug delivery. Patients and Methods Patients with previously untreated metastatic pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma were randomly assigned to treatment with PEGPH20 plus nab-paclitaxel/gemcitabine (PAG) or nab-paclitaxel/gemcitabine (AG)...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217665/critical-determinants-of-combined-sprint-and-endurance-performance-an-integrative-analysis-from-muscle-fiber-to-the-human-body
#10
Stephan van der Zwaard, Willem J van der Laarse, Guido Weide, Frank W Bloemers, Mathijs J Hofmijster, Koen Levels, Dionne A Noordhof, Jos J de Koning, Cornelis J de Ruiter, Richard T Jaspers
Optimizing physical performance is a major goal in current physiology. However, basic understanding of combining high sprint and endurance performance is currently lacking. This study identifies critical determinants of combined sprint and endurance performance using multiple regression analyses of physiologic determinants at different biologic levels. Cyclists, including 6 international sprint, 8 team pursuit, and 14 road cyclists, completed a Wingate test and 15-km time trial to obtain sprint and endurance performance results, respectively...
January 5, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151193/disturbances-of-diurnal-phase-markers-behavior-and-clock-genes-in-a-rat-model-of-depression-modulatory-effects-of-agomelatine-treatment
#11
K Højgaard, S L Christiansen, E V Bouzinova, O Wiborg
Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a growing problem worldwide. Though, the etiology remains unresolved, circadian rhythm disturbances are frequently observed in MDD and thus is speculated to play a key role herein. The present study focuses on circadian rhythm disturbances in the chronic mild stress (CMS) animal model of depression and examined whether the atypical antidepressant, agomelatine, which is mediating its action via melatonergic and serotonergic receptors, is capable of resynchronizing the perturbed rhythm...
March 2018: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139379/-about-the-technique-of-muscle-biopsy-iv-the-advent-of-histochemistry-and-cytoenzymology-in-the-analysis-of-muscle-biopsies-a-short-and-personal-historical-overview
#12
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045021/reduced-dietary-intake-of-micronutrients-with-antioxidant-properties-negatively-impacts-muscle-health-in-aged-mice
#13
Miriam van Dijk, Francina J Dijk, Anita Hartog, Klaske van Norren, Sjors Verlaan, Ardy van Helvoort, Richard T Jaspers, Yvette Luiking
BACKGROUND: Inadequate intake of micronutrients with antioxidant properties is common among older adults and has been associated with higher risk of frailty, adverse functional outcome, and impaired muscle health. However, a causal relationship is less well known. The aim was to determine in old mice the impact of reduced dietary intake of vitamins A/E/B6/B12/folate, selenium, and zinc on muscle mass, oxidative capacity, strength, and physical activity (PA) over time. METHODS: Twenty-one-month-old male mice were fed either AIN-93-M (control) or a diet low in micronutrients with antioxidant properties (=LOWOX-B: 50% of mouse recommended daily intake of vitamins A, E, B6, and B12, folate, selenium, and zinc) for 4 months...
February 2018: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987188/diseases-of-the-skeletal-muscle
#14
REVIEW
Edoardo Malfatti, Norma Beatriz Romero
After the advances created by the use of cryostat sections and histochemistry 60 years ago, muscle histopathology is now living a real renaissance. In the field of genetic neuromuscular disorders, muscle biopsy analysis is fundamental to address questions about pathogenicity and protein expression when new genes are discovered through next-generation sequencing approaches. Moreover, the identification of the same gene mutated in previously considered distinct histopathologic entities imposes a constant reassessment of morphologic boundaries in several groups of disorders...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973355/lectin-binding-characterizes-the-healthy-human-skeletal-muscle-glycophenotype-and-identifies-disease-specific-changes-in-dystrophic-muscle
#15
Brian J McMorran, M Carrie Miceli, Linda G Baum
Our understanding of muscle glycosylation to date has derived from studies in mouse models and a limited number of human lectin histochemistry studies. As various therapeutic approaches aimed at treating patients with muscular dystrophies are being translated from rodent models to human, it is critical to better understand human muscle glycosylation and relevant disease-specific differences between healthy and dystrophic muscle. Here, we report the first quantitative characterization of human muscle glycosylation, and identify differentiation- and disease-specific differences in human muscle glycosylation...
December 1, 2017: Glycobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940030/establishing-and-monitoring-of-urethral-sphincter-deficiency-in-a-large-animal-model
#16
Alexandra Kelp, Anika Albrecht, Bastian Amend, Mario Klünder, Philipp Rapp, Oliver Sawodny, Arnulf Stenzl, Wilhelm K Aicher
BACKGROUND: Different methods for induction and monitoring of urethral sphincter deficiency were explored in a large animal model. METHODS: Sphincter deficiency was established in female pigs by dilatation and cauterization, and amount and frequencies of voiding were monitored and explored by pad test. Sphincteric closure pressures were recorded prior to and immediately after treatment of each animal, and on day 21 by two techniques: standard urethral pressure profilometry (s-UPP) and high-definition urethral pressure profilometry (HD-UPP)...
December 2017: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861883/nervous-system-and-musculature-of-the-parasitic-turbellarian-notentera-ivanovi-plathelminthes-fecampiida
#17
O I Raikova, E A Kotikova, T A Frolova
The article reports the first description of the architecture of the musculature and cholinergic nervous system of the parasitic turbellarian Notentera ivanovi from the White Sea using histochemistry and confocal scanning laser microscopy. It has been demonstrated that the body wall is composed of layers of circular and longitudinal muscles between which there are diagonal muscles described here for the first time. The nervous system is of the regular closely spaced orthogon type with pronounced radiality. In order to make it clear whether the orthogon of this type is a phylogenetic characteristic of this group of worms or its shape is associated with the flat rounded body, the study of other representatives of the Fecampiida group is required...
July 2017: Doklady Biological Sciences: Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Biological Sciences Sections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852402/short-term-observations-of-the-regenerative-potential-of-injured-proximal-sensory-nerves-crossed-with-distal-motor-nerves
#18
Xiu-Xiu Zhang, Yu-Hui Kou, Xiao-Feng Yin, Bao-Guo Jiang, Pei-Xun Zhang
Motor nerves and sensory nerves conduct signals in different directions and function in different ways. In the surgical treatment of peripheral nerve injuries, the best prognosis is obtained by keeping the motor and sensory nerves separated and repairing the nerves using the suture method. However, the clinical consequences of connections between sensory and motor nerves currently remain unknown. In this study, we analyzed the anatomical structure of the rat femoral nerve, and observed the motor and sensory branches of the femoral nerve in the quadriceps femoris...
July 2017: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812533/immunoreactivity-of-canine-liposarcoma-to-muscle-and-brown-adipose-antigens
#19
Elise Eva Bella LaDouceur, Sarah E Stevens, Jason Wood, Christopher M Reilly
Liposarcoma, rhabdomyosarcoma, and hibernoma share some overlapping histologic and immunohistochemical features. Although immunohistochemistry (IHC) is commonly used in the diagnosis of these neoplasms, expression of muscle markers has been reported in human liposarcoma and canine hibernoma in addition to rhabdomyosarcoma. Thus, these neoplasms are a diagnostic challenge but important to distinguish because of differences in prognosis and treatment. Rhabdomyosarcoma and liposarcoma are both malignant, but rhabdomyosarcoma has a higher potential for metastasis...
January 1, 2017: Veterinary Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811140/divergent-effects-of-resistance-training-and-anabolic-steroid-on-the-postsynaptic-region-of-different-skeletal-muscles-of-aged-rats
#20
Walter Krause Neto, Wellington de Assis Silva, Adriano Polican Ciena, Carlos Alberto Anaruma, Eliane Florencio Gama
This study aimed to analyze the effects of resistance training associated with testosterone administration in the neuromuscular junction (NMJ) postsynaptic region of different skeletal muscle types of aged rats. Wistar rats were divided into: SEI - 20-months-old control, SEF - 24-months-old control, T - 20-months-old with testosterone, S - 20-months-old resistance trained and ST - 20-months-old with resistance training associated with testosterone propionate. All groups were submitted to familiarization and maximum load carrying testing (MLCT)...
August 12, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
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