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Arthrocentesis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424907/the-added-value-of-synovial-fluid-centrifugation-for-monosodium-urate-and-calcium-pyrophosphate-crystal-detection
#1
D Boumans, M E Hettema, H E Vonkeman, R G Maatman, M A van de Laar
The aim of the study was to assess the added value of synovial fluid (SF) centrifugation for microscopic monosodium urate (MSU) and calcium pyrophosphate (CPP) crystal detection in patients with arthritis. This is a prospective observational study using SF samples from joints of patients undergoing joint arthrocentesis. Two blinded observers assessed the SF smears by polarized light microscopy for the presence of crystals before as well as after centrifugation. SF samples were collected from 98 patients with arthritis...
April 19, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366221/septic-arthritis-of-native-joints
#2
REVIEW
John J Ross
Septic arthritis is a rheumatologic emergency that may lead to disability or death. Prompt evacuation of the joint, either by arthrocentesis at the bedside, open or arthroscopic drainage in the operating room, or imaging-guided drainage in the radiology suite, is mandatory. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has become a major cause of septic arthritis in the United States. MRSA joint infection seems to be associated with worse outcomes. Antibiotic courses of 3 to 4 weeks in duration are usually adequate for uncomplicated bacterial arthritis...
March 30, 2017: Infectious Disease Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319265/derivation-of-a-performance-checklist-for-ultrasound-guided-arthrocentesis-using-the-modified-delphi-method
#3
Derek Kunz, Manoj Pariyadath, Mary Wittler, Kim Askew, David Manthey, Nicholas Hartman
OBJECTIVES: Arthrocentesis is an important skill for physicians in multiple specialties. Recent studies indicate a superior safety and performance profile for this procedure using ultrasound guidance for needle placement, and improving quality of care requires a valid measurement of competency using this modality. METHODS: We endeavored to create a validated tool to assess the performance of this procedure using the modified Delphi technique and experts in multiple disciplines across the United States...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291476/ultrasound-versus-landmarks-for-great-toe-arthrocentesis
#4
Jason F Naylor, Kenneth B Dekay, Benjamin P Donham, Brian T Hall
BACKGROUND: Several studies have demonstrated ultrasound (US) is superior to traditional landmark (LM)-based techniques for large and medium joint aspiration; however, no studies of sufficient size have evaluated these interventions in the smaller toe joints. The purpose of this study was to determine if US provides an advantage over LM for successful first-pass aspiration of first metatarsophalangeal joint (1st MTPJ) effusions. METHODS: A cross-over, cadaveric trial evaluating the interventions of US and LM...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291183/open-compared-with-arthroscopic-treatment-of-acute-septic-arthritis-of-the-native-knee
#5
Brenton P Johns, Mark R Loewenthal, David C Dewar
BACKGROUND: Acute native knee septic arthritis is a joint-threatening emergency. Operative treatments by open or arthroscopic methods are available to surgeons. To our knowledge, the literature to date has primarily consisted of case series and no large study has yet compared these methods. The aim of this study was to compare open and arthroscopic treatment for acute native knee septic arthritis. METHODS: All adult patients with acute native knee septic arthritis treated at our institution with either open or arthroscopic irrigation from 2000 to 2015 were retrospectively evaluated...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275814/value-of-ultrasonography-in-the-diagnosis-of-gout-in-patients-presenting-with-acute-arthritis
#6
Nuttaya Pattamapaspong, Withawat Vuthiwong, Thanat Kanthawang, Worawit Louthrenoo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the value of ultrasonographic features of crystal deposition for diagnosing gout in patients presenting with acute arthritis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ultrasound scanning of the most inflamed joint was performed on 89 consecutively enrolled patients with acute arthritis. Two radiologists independently reviewed the ultrasound images, and a consensus was achieved with a third radiologist when the interpretations of four key ultrasound features of gout differed...
March 8, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266224/age-gender-and-parafunctional-habits-as-prognostic-factors-for-temporomandibular-joint-arthrocentesis
#7
Haitham S Attia, Mohamed I Mosleh, Ahmed M Jan, Maha M Shawky, Fatima M Jadu
OBJECTIVE: Arthrocentesis is an effective procedure for management of symptomatic patients with temporomandibular joint (TMJ) anterior disc displacement without reduction (ADDWOR), but its prognostic factors are still under investigation. METHODS: Thirty-six patients with ADDWOR underwent arthrocentesis of the TMJ and hyaluronic acid injection. They were divided into groups based on three prognostic factors: Age, gender, and the presence of parafunctional habits...
March 7, 2017: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255479/actinomyces-meyeri-popliteal-cyst-infection-and-review-of-the-literature
#8
Bharath Raj Palraj, Ala S Dababneh
A 66-year-old, Caucasian male presented with pain and swelling involving the left knee of one-week duration. Arthrocentesis was negative for evidence of septic arthritis. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) study of the left knee showed degenerative arthritis, partial tear of medial meniscus, and a complex fluid collection along the posteromedial aspect of the left knee suggestive of popliteal cyst. He underwent arthroscopy with partial medial meniscectomy. Intraoperative joint fluid was noted to be cloudy but cultures were negative...
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248630/comparison-of-the-efficiency-of-irrigation-of-single-and-double-needle-techniques-of-temporomandibular-joint-arthrocentesis-a-cadaver-study
#9
Alper Sindel, Fatih Uzuner, Muzaffer Sindel, Sinan Tozoğlu
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of the double- and single-needle arthrocentesis techniques in removing methylene blue from the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) space. METHODS: This study was performed in 20 TMJs from 10 fresh cadavers. A total of 1 ml of 10 μM methylene blue solution was injected into the upper joint spaces, just prior to irrigation. Ten arthrocentesis procedures were carried out using the double-needle technique, and the remaining 10 were completed using the single-needle technique...
March 1, 2017: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240756/assessment-and-therapeutic-choice-in-septic-arthritis-of-the-hip-in-an-intravenous-drug-abuser-case-report-at-14-years-follow-up-and-review-of-literature
#10
P Persiani, F M Ranaldi, O Mazza, A Calistri, M Bove, M Crostelli, C Villani
INTRODUCTION: Osteoarticular infections are found frequently in drug addicted individuals, representing one of the main reasons for their hospitalization. Through inoculation, the pathogenic agents can enter the individual's system directly through the skin or parenterally, transmitted, that is, through syringes and other objects used during such practice. In these particular conditions, or when the medical history is vague, a warranted suspicion and the execution of targeted research can help in the diagnosis of high-risk patients such as addicts...
January 2017: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222947/comparison-of-the-effectiveness-of-three-different-treatment-methods-for-temporomandibular-joint-disc-displacement-without-reduction
#11
U Tatli, M E Benlidayi, O Ekren, F Salimov
The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of three treatment methods for unilateral temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disc displacement without reduction (DDwoR). One hundred and twenty patients with unilateral TMJ DDwoR were assigned randomly to one of three treatment groups (40 patients in each): group 1 received arthrocentesis, group 2 received stabilization splint therapy following arthrocentesis, and group 3 received splint therapy only. The groups were compared in terms of pain (visual analogue scale), joint function (maximum mouth opening and laterotrusive movements), disability and psychological status (validated questionnaire), and success rates...
February 17, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187026/an-algorithmic-approach-to-the-suspected-septic-wrist
#12
Jeffrey R Claiborne, Leslie G Branch, Michael Reynolds, Anthony J Defranzo
An acutely painful, erythematous wrist can be due to a variety of pathologic processes, including crystalline arthropathy, infection, trauma, osteoarthritis, and systemic disease. The broad differential diagnosis of the inflamed wrist and nonspecific clinical findings make accurate diagnosis challenging. There is no published clinical or laboratory criterion that reliably differentiates septic wrist arthritis from a sterile inflammatory arthropathy. For septic joint patients, long-term results are notably poorer in patients with a delay in treatment, therefore establishing evidenced-based guidelines deserves attention...
February 10, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146402/a-multicenter-study-of-early-anti-inflammatory-treatment-in-patients-with-acute-anterior-cruciate-ligament-tear
#13
Christian Lattermann, Cale A Jacobs, Mary Proffitt Bunnell, Laura J Huston, Lee G Gammon, Darren L Johnson, Emily K Reinke, Janet L Huebner, Virginia B Kraus, Kurt P Spindler
BACKGROUND: It is increasingly recognized that biochemical abnormalities of the joint precede radiographic abnormalities of posttraumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA) by as much as decades. A growing body of evidence strongly suggests that the progression from anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury to PTOA is multifactorial, involving the interplay between biomechanical disturbances and biochemical homeostasis of articular cartilage. PURPOSE: The purposes of this randomized study using an acute ACL injury model were to (1) evaluate the natural progression of inflammatory and chondrodegenerative biomarkers, (2) evaluate the relationship between subjective reports of pain and inflammatory and chondrodegenerative biomarkers, and (3) determine if postinjury arthrocentesis and corticosteroid injection offer the ability to alter this biochemical cascade...
February 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132759/temporomandibular-lavage-versus-nonsurgical-treatments-for-temporomandibular-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Carl Bouchard, Jean-Paul Goulet, Mehdi El-Ouazzani, Alexis F Turgeon
PURPOSE: To investigate the efficacy of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) lavage (arthrocentesis or arthroscopy) for the treatment of temporomandibular disorders in reducing pain and improving jaw motion. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a systematic review of the literature and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing TMJ lavage with conservative measures. The data sources were MEDLINE, Embase, CENTRAL (Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials), Scopus, Web of Science, and reference lists of relevant articles...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106925/clinical-study-evaluating-the-accuracy-of-injecting-the-distal-tarsal-joints-in-the-horse
#15
K A Seabaugh, K T Selberg, P O E Mueller, R B Eggleston, J F Peroni, K M Claunch, H J Markwell, G M Baxter
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) of the centrodistal (CD) and tarsometatarsal (TMT) joints is a common cause of lameness in horses. Intra-articular diagnostic anaesthesia and/or therapeutic injection are relied upon to help diagnose and treat many horses with OA of these joints. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to determine the accuracy of arthrocentesis of the CD and TMT joints using a sample population of equine surgeons and surgery residents. STUDY DESIGN: Randomised experimental study...
January 20, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043749/an-anatomic-analysis-of-mid-anterior-and-anterolateral-approaches-for-hip-arthrocentesis-a%C3%A2-male-cadaveric-study
#16
Jacob D Mikula, Jason M Schon, Chase S Dean, Jorge Chahla, Renato Locks, Alex W Brady, Robert F LaPrade, Marc J Philippon
PURPOSE: To determine the accuracy and safety of non-image-guided modified mid-anterior and anterolateral approaches to the hip joint for arthrocentesis. METHODS: Six pairs (n = 12) of human cadaveric hemipelvises underwent methylene blue hip injections through either a mid-anterior or an anterolateral approach. The distance from the mid-anterior approach to the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve (LFCN) was measured. Needle orientation was defined by a combination of 2 angles, calculated by the computer software analysis of digitized points...
March 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973684/the-impact-of-arthrocentesis-with-and-without-hyaluronic-acid-injection-in-the-prognosis-and-synovial-fluid-myeloperoxidase-levels-of-patients-with-painful-symptomatic-internal-derangement-of-temporomandibular-joint-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#17
Serap Moroğlu Ozdamar, Burcin Alev, Aysen Yarat
BACKGROUND: We aimed to assess the relationship between myeloperoxidase (MPO) and internal derangement (ID) of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and effects of arthrocentesis procedure, either alone or in combination with hyaluronic acid (HA) injection on the prognosis of ID of TMJ. METHODS: A prospective randomized controlled trial has been conducted through patients, who underwent arthrocentesis for the treatment of ID of TMJ, were randomly divided into two groups...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942968/false-positive-cultures-after-native-knee-aspiration-true-or-false
#18
Jason M Jennings, Douglas A Dennis, Raymond H Kim, Todd M Miner, Charlie C Yang, David C McNabb
BACKGROUND: Synovial fluid aspiration is a routine practice used by most orthopaedic surgeons to aid in the diagnosis of joint infection. In patients for whom there is a low pretest probability of infection, a positive culture-particularly if it is a broth-only culture-may be considered a contaminant, especially if the bacterial species are skin pathogens. To our knowledge no study has evaluated the incidence of contamination of aspirations from the native knee. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: What is the frequency of false-positive cultures among knee aspirations of the native knee? METHODS: Two hundred patients, with a total of 200 knees, with the diagnosis of degenerative osteoarthritis undergoing a total knee arthroplasty (TKA) were identified for this study...
December 9, 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929277/acute-monoarthritis-diagnosis-in-adults
#19
Jonathan A Becker, Jennifer P Daily, Katherine M Pohlgeers
Acute monoarthritis can be the initial manifestation of many joint disorders. The most common diagnoses in the primary care setting are osteoarthritis, gout, and trauma. It is important to understand the prevalence of specific etiologies and to use the appropriate diagnostic modalities. A delay in diagnosis and treatment, particularly in septic arthritis, can have catastrophic results including sepsis, bacteremia, joint destruction, or death. The history and physical examination can help guide the use of laboratory and imaging studies...
November 15, 2016: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924428/vertiginous-crisis-following-temporomandibular-joint-athrocentesis-a-case-report
#20
Luigi Angelo Vaira, Damiano Soma, Silvio Mario Meloni, Giovanni Dellàversana Orabona, Pasquale Piombino, Giacomo De Riu
Temporomandibular joint arthrocentesis and arthroscopy have recently exceeded open surgeries for disorders that failed to respond to conservative treatment. The efficacy of arthrocentesis in reestablishing normal mouth opening and reducing pain and dysfunctions is now commonly accepted, but in contrast to arthroscopy, there are no large series studies on arthrocentesis complications. We report the major complication occurred in our experience: a case of a patient that complained of a violent vertigo, without hearing disorders, following the procedure...
March 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
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