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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822177/-berberine-regulates-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-related-with-insulin-resistance
#1
REVIEW
Cheng Li, Jin-Zhi He, Xue-Dong Zhou, Xin Xu
Insulin resistance (IR) is defined as a series of clinical manifestations for diminished effectiveness of insulin in lowering blood sugar levels caused by decreased sensitivity to insulin of liver, muscle and adipose tissue. IR is the major contributor to the etiology and pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Berberine, a traditional Chinese herb extract, has been shown to be safe and effective in lowering blood sugar, alleviating insulin resistance and moderating type 2 diabetes mellitus and its complications...
June 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819567/systemic-associations-with-residual-subretinal-fluid-after-ranibizumab-in-diabetic-macular-edema
#2
Meng-Ju Tsai, Yi-Ting Hsieh, Elizabeth P Shen, Yi-Jie Peng
PURPOSE: To investigate the impact of systemic diseases on the occurrence of subretinal fluid (SRF) in diabetic macular edema (DME) and prognostic factors for residual SRF following three consecutive monthly intravitreal ranibizumab. METHODS: Ninety-seven eyes from 68 patients with DME who completed 3 consecutive monthly injections of ranibizumab were enrolled. Systemic parameters mainly included chronic kidney disease (CKD), hypertension, HbA1c, and insulin dependence...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818706/diabetes-increases-interleukin-17-levels-in-periapical-hepatic-and-renal-tissues-in-rats
#3
Mariane Maffei Azuma, João Eduardo Gomes-Filho, Annelise Katrine Carrara Prieto, Renata Oliveira Samuel, Valéria Marçal Felix de Lima, Dóris Hissako Sumida, Edilson Ervolino, Luciano Tavares Angelo Cintra
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the association between endodontic infection and diabetes on interleukin-17 levels in periapical, hepatic, and renal tissues of rats. DESIGN: Forty male rats were divided into groups: normoglycemic rats (N), normoglycemic rats with apical periodontitis (N-AP), rats with experimental diabetes (ED), and rats with experimental diabetes and apical periodontitis (ED-AP). Diabetes was induced by intravenous streptozotocin injection, and blood sugar levels were monitored to confirm disease development...
August 2, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817502/stroke-related-disease-comorbidity-and-secondary-stroke-prevention-practices-among-young-stroke-survivors
#4
Gayenell S Magwood, Brandi M White, Charles Ellis
BACKGROUND: Although ischemic stroke incidence has been in decline over the past 60 years, the same has not been observed among individuals younger than 55 years. Recent reports have shown a substantial increase in young stroke incidence, yet little is known about young stroke survivors. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the disease comorbidity profile and secondary prevention practices in stroke survivors younger than 50 years. METHODS: This study used a retrospective data analysis of secondary stroke prevention practices among young stroke survivors using data from the 2015 National Health Interview Survey...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810801/may-dietary-supplementation-augment-respiratory-burst-in-wound-site-inflammatory-cells
#5
Amitava Das, Ryan Dickerson, Piya Das Ghatak, Gayle Gordillo, Scott Chaffee, Abhijoy Saha, Savita Khanna, Sashwati Roy
Persistent infection contributes to wound chronicity. At the wound-site, NADPH oxidase activity in immune cells fights infection to enable the healing process. Fermented Papaya Preparation (FPP) is a carbohydrate-rich nutritional supplement that has demonstrated ability to bolster respiratory burst in experimental rodent systems. In FPP, glucose co-exists with fructose and maltose in addition to multiple other sugar alcohols such as inositol. We have previously reported that FPP supplementation augments wound healing in diabetic mice via improvement of respiratory-burst activity of wound innate immune cells...
August 16, 2017: Antioxidants & Redox Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807726/the-value-of-venous-blood-gas-analysis-in-the-diagnosis-of-diabetic-ketoacidosis
#6
Jawad Ibrahim Rasheed, Manal Khudder Abdul Razak, Ahmed Amer Abdul Hussein
BACKGROUND & AIM: Newer blood gas analyzers have the ability to report electrolyte values and glucose in addition to pH, so this diagnostic process could be condensed in diagnosing diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). We aimed to assess the accuracy of the venous blood gas (VBG) analysis with electrolytes for diagnosing DKA. METHODS: This study prospectively identified a convenience sample of (60 patients) presented with DKA and tested their VBG and serum electrolytes. The diagnosis of DKA was made according to American Diabetes Association criteria...
June 15, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805073/do-you-know-what-your-kids-are-drinking-evaluation-of-a-media-campaign-to-reduce-consumption-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages
#7
Amy Bleakley, Amy Jordan, Giridhar Mallya, Michael Hennessy, Jessica Taylor Piotrowski
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates a citywide media campaign that targeted reducing sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption as a strategy for addressing obesity. DESIGN: Rolling cross-sectional survey data, collected before and during the media campaign, with 1367 parents to assess exposure to and effect of a televised public service advertisement (TV PSA) developed using a reasoned action approach. SETTING: Televised public service advertisement campaign created by the Philadelphia Department of Public Health and disseminated on cable television channels within the Philadelphia market...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804786/health-impact-assessment-of-the-uk-soft-drinks-industry-levy-a-comparative-risk-assessment-modelling-study
#8
Adam D M Briggs, Oliver T Mytton, Ariane Kehlbacher, Richard Tiffin, Ahmed Elhussein, Mike Rayner, Susan A Jebb, Tony Blakely, Peter Scarborough
BACKGROUND: In March, 2016, the UK Government proposed a tiered levy on sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs; high tax for drinks with >8 g of sugar per 100 mL, moderate tax for 5-8 g, and no tax for <5 g). We estimate the effect of possible industry responses to the levy on obesity, diabetes, and dental caries. METHODS: We modelled three possible industry responses: reformulation to reduce sugar concentration, an increase of product price, and a change of the market share of high-sugar, mid-sugar, and low-sugar drinks...
January 2017: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800772/endurance-training-lowers-ribosome-density-despite-increasing-ribosome-biogenesis-markers-in-rodent-skeletal-muscle
#9
Matthew A Romero, C Brooks Mobley, Melissa A Linden, Grace Margaret-Eleanor Meers, Jeffrey S Martin, Kaelin C Young, R Scott Rector, Michael D Roberts
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine if: (a) high sugar/high fat Western diet (WD)-feeding affects skeletal muscle ribosome biogenesis markers in hyperphagic, diabetic-prone Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rats, and (b) 12 weeks of treadmill training rescued potential detriments that WD feeding exerted on these markers. METHODS: Eight week-old male OLETF rats were fed a low-fat control diet (O-CON, n = 10) or high/sucrose/cholesterol Western diet (WD)...
August 11, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800188/care-in-the-context-of-a-chronic-epidemic-caring-for-diabetes-in-chicago-s-native-community
#10
Margaret Pollak
American Indians have some of the highest rates of diabetes worldwide, and they are disproportionately affected by the secondary complications of the disease. While most research on Native populations focuses on reservations, this study investigates diabetes care in Chicago's Native community. People living with diabetes manage blood sugar levels to prevent the development of secondary complications. As with many diabetics, the majority of their health care work is completed outside of the biomedical setting...
August 11, 2017: Medical Anthropology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799315/glucose-6-phosphate-dehydrogenase-deficiency-unveiled-by-diabetic-ketoacidosis-a-dual-dilemma
#11
Pankti Mehta, Vishal Srivastav, Priya Bhate, Vishal Gupta, Milind Y Nadkar
An 18 year old male, known case of Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus was admitted in view of diabetic ketoacidosis. With normalization of blood sugars patient developed gross reddish discoloration of urine. Urine routine microscopy did not reveal RBCs or RBC casts. Peripheral blood smear revealed bite cells, Heinz bodies and spherocytes. Thus a diagnosis of hemolytic anemia with hemoglobinuria was made. Patient's glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) levels were below the normal range. G6PD, an enzyme of the HMP shunt, is the most common enzyme defect causing hemolytic anemia...
August 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797280/illness-perception-diabetes-knowledge-and-self-care-practices-among-type-2-diabetes-patients-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Nuworza Kugbey, Kwaku Oppong Asante, Korkor Adulai
BACKGROUND: Self-care practices among persons living with type-2 diabetes are very crucial in diabetes manages as poor self-care results in complications. However, little research exists within the Ghanaian context. This study examined whether type-2 diabetes patients' illness perception and diabetes knowledge significantly predict diabetes self-care practices. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey design was employed and a total of 160 participants (45 males and 115 females) were sampled from a general hospital in Accra...
August 10, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795519/outcomes-costs-and-stakeholders-perspectives-associated-with-the-incorporation-of-community-pharmacy-services-into-the-national-health-insurance-system-in-thailand-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Narong Asayut, Phayom Sookaneknun, Surasak Chaiyasong, Kritsanee Saramunee
OBJECTIVES: Identify costs, outcomes and stakeholders' perspectives associated with incorporation of community pharmacy services into the Thai National Health Insurance System and their values to all stakeholders. METHODS: Using a combination of search terms, a comprehensive literature search was performed using the Thai Journal Citation Index Centre, Health System Research Institute database, PubMed and references from recent reviews. Identified studies were published between January 2000 and December 2014...
August 9, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794595/prevalence-of-diabetes-mellitus-after-extra-corporeal-shock-wave-lithotripsy-in-15-years-follow-up
#14
Fahimeh Kazemi Rashed, Nader Rash Ahmadi, Ali Zolfaghari, Alireza Farshi, Mohsen Amjadi, Mahboobeh Gholipour
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the hypothesis that extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) increases the risk of new onset diabetes mellitus (DM) or significant changes in fasting blood sugar (FBS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total number of 307 patients enrolled in this study. All of them had undergone ESWL for kidney stone from 1991 to 1994. In 2009, after 15-19 years, we invited patients to check their blood sugar. RESULTS: There were 307 patients, 19...
July 2017: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782194/the-preparation-of-hyaluronic-acid-nanoparticles-from-aspicilia-lichens-using-bifido-bacteria-for-help-in-the-treatment-of-diabetes-in-rats-in-vivo
#15
Akbar Esmaeili, Shirin Rajaee
Many common herbs and spices are claimed to have blood sugar lowering properties that make them useful for people with or at high risk of diabetes. The main of compounds of kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa), rhubarb (Rheum ribes), membrane inner of egg shell, wool of sheep, human fingernail (unguis), hyaluronic acid produced by the Bifidobacterium, and usnic acid of Aspicilia lichen were extracted by different methods. All compounds of the extract were divided into five groups. We used variables such as pH, different compounds, concentration, number of injections, and blood glucose monitoring in different situations...
August 7, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776413/the-application-of-one-hour-static-qigong-program-to-decrease-needle-pain-of-korean-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-a-randomized-crossover-design
#16
Euiyeon Kim, Ji-Eun Lee, Min Sohn
The aim of this study was to describe application of a static Qigong program to decrease needle pain in Korean adolescents with type 1 diabetes and its pilot test results. The pilot study was a randomized crossover design including 26 adolescents randomized to Qigong or rest group. Participants received a 60-minute Qigong program consisted of warm up, deep breathing, imaginary, and a closing warm up. After 24-hour washout period, treatment assignments were switched. We collected before and after intervention using a self-administered questionnaire, which included the faces pain scale to assess expected and perceived pain during blood sugar testing and insulin injection and the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775179/health-and-economic-benefits-of-reducing-sugar-intake-in-the-usa-including-effects-via-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-microsimulation-model
#17
Rick A Vreman, Alex J Goodell, Luis A Rodriguez, Travis C Porco, Robert H Lustig, James G Kahn
OBJECTIVES: Excessive consumption of added sugars in the human diet has been associated with obesity, type 2 diabetes (T2D), coronary heart disease (CHD) and other elements of the metabolic syndrome. Recent studies have shown that non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a critical pathway to metabolic syndrome. This model assesses the health and economic benefits of interventions aimed at reducing intake of added sugars. METHODS: Using data from US National Health Surveys and current literature, we simulated an open cohort, for the period 2015-2035...
August 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772082/food-sources-of-sodium-saturated-fat-and-added-sugar-in-the-physical-activity-and-nutrition-for-diabetes-in-alberta-panda-trial
#18
Ghada Asaad, Catherine B Chan
Diabetic patients may find it difficult to achieve recommended nutrient intakes embedded within dietary guidelines. The objective of this analysis was to document total sodium, saturated fat and added sugar intake as well as the main food sources of these nutrients in Canadian adults with type 2 diabetes before and after an intervention focused on healthy eating. Participants were enrolled in a single-arm dietary intervention trial designed to improve glycemic control and adherence to dietary recommendations...
August 3, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770627/management-and-family-burdens-endorsed-by-parents-of-youth-7-years-old-with-type-1-diabetes
#19
Kara R Harrington, Claire T Boyle, Kellee M Miller, Marisa E Hilliard, Barbara J Anderson, Michelle Van Name, Linda A DiMeglio, Lori M Laffel
BACKGROUND: This study investigated unique burdens experienced by parents of young children with type 1 diabetes in the context of contemporary diabetes management. METHODS: Self-report surveys and medical record information from the T1D Exchange clinic registry were used. Parental burden and family impact scores were tabulated across demographic and clinical characteristics, overall and according to age group (<4, 4-<6, and 6-<7 years). RESULTS: The mean age of the 597 children was 5...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770335/erythritol-reduces-small-intestinal-glucose-absorption-increases-muscle-glucose-uptake-improves-glucose-metabolic-enzymes-activities-and-increases-expression-of-glut-4-and-irs-1-in-type-2-diabetic-rats
#20
Chika Ifeanyi Chukwuma, Ramgopal Mopuri, Savania Nagiah, Anil Amichund Chuturgoon, Md Shahidul Islam
PURPOSE: Studies have reported that erythritol, a low or non-glycemic sugar alcohol possesses anti-hyperglycemic and anti-diabetic potentials but the underlying mode of actions is not clear. This study investigated the underlying mode of actions behind the anti-hyperglycemic and anti-diabetic potentials of erythritol using different experimental models (experiment 1, 2 and 3). METHODS: Experiment 1 examined the effects of increasing concentrations (2.5-20%) of erythritol on glucose absorption and uptake in isolated rat jejunum and psoas muscle, respectively...
August 2, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
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