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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097614/comprehensive-and-medically-appropriate-food-support-is-associated-with-improved-hiv-and-diabetes-health
#1
Kartika Palar, Tessa Napoles, Lee L Hufstedler, Hilary Seligman, Fredrick M Hecht, Kimberly Madsen, Mark Ryle, Simon Pitchford, Edward A Frongillo, Sheri D Weiser
Food insecurity is associated with negative chronic health outcomes, yet few studies have examined how providing medically appropriate food assistance to food-insecure individuals may improve health outcomes in resource-rich settings. We evaluated a community-based food support intervention in the San Francisco Bay Area for people living with HIV and/or type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) to determine the feasibility, acceptability, and potential impact of the intervention on nutritional, mental health, disease management, healthcare utilization, and physical health outcomes...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092151/issues-in-nutrition-carbohydrates
#2
Margaret E Thompson, Mary Barth Noel
Carbohydrates include sugars, starches, and dietary fibers. Resistant starches resemble fiber in their behavior in the intestinal tract, and may have positive effects on blood glucose levels and the gut microbiome. Fibers are classified as soluble and insoluble, but most fiber-containing foods contain a mixture of soluble and insoluble fiber. Soluble fiber has been shown to lower low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels. Many artificial sweeteners and other sugar substitutes are available. Most natural sources of sweeteners also are energy sources...
January 2017: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092062/-it-s-a-very-big-burden-on-me-women-s-experiences-using-insulin-for-gestational-diabetes
#3
Marlaine Figueroa Gray, Clarissa Hsu, Linda Kiel, Sascha Dublin
Objectives Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) affects hundreds of thousands of women each year. Many require medications to manage their blood glucose levels. Only insulin is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for use in pregnancy. While other medications can be used, their safety remains controversial. Few studies have examined women's lived experience of using insulin for GDM. Our objective in this study was to foreground the voices of women speaking about their treatment experience. Methods We conducted two focus groups including 16 women treated for GDM with medications, primarily insulin...
January 13, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086850/the-prevalence-trend-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-components-and-risk-factors-in-korean-adults-results-from-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2008-2013
#4
Binh Thang Tran, Bo Yoon Jeong, Jin-Kyoung Oh
BACKGROUND: Abnormalities in the clinical markers of metabolic syndrome (MS) are associated with the development of cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and some cancers. MS prevalence in Korea increased between the mid-1990s and mid-2000s; however, no data on the recent trends of MS prevalence are available. Thus, we aimed to investigate the prevalence of MS, the five components of MS, and the related risk factors in Korean adults by using recent data. METHODS: Data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted between 2008 and 2013 were used...
January 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075358/diet-quality-during-infancy-and-early-childhood-in-children-with-and-without-risk-of-type-1-diabetes-a-dedipac-study
#5
Stefanie Schoen, Sibille Jergens, Janett Barbaresko, Ute Nöthlings, Mathilde Kersting, Thomas Remer, Marta Stelmach-Mardas, Anette-G Ziegler, Sandra Hummel
Previous studies have indicated that mothers of children at increased risk of type 1 diabetes (T1D) may modify their child's diet following risk notification. Our aim was to investigate the diet quality after notified of T1D risk in at-risk children compared to not-at-risk children. The quality of nutrient intake (PANDiet score) and food intake (analyzed by a newly developed score and the HuSKY score) were assessed using three-day dietary records collected for at-risk children (BABYDIET study, n = 109) and a matched sample of not-at-risk children (DONALD study, n = 205) at nine and 24 months of age...
January 9, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074124/involvement-of-blood-mononuclear-cells-in-the-infertility-age-associated-diseases-and-cancer-treatment
#6
REVIEW
Antonin Bukovsky
Blood mononuclear cells consist of T cells and monocyte derived cells. Beside immunity, the blood mononuclear cells belong to the complex tissue control system (TCS), where they exhibit morphostatic function by stimulating proliferation of tissue stem cells followed by cellular differentiation, that is stopped after attaining the proper functional stage, which differs among various tissue types. Therefore, the term immune and morphostatic system (IMS) should be implied. The TCS-mediated morphostasis also consists of vascular pericytes controlled by autonomic innervation, which is regulating the quantity of distinct tissues in vivo...
December 26, 2016: World Journal of Stem Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070531/are-serum-levels-of-f2-isoprostane-and-oxidized-ldl-related-to-vitamin-d-status-in-type-2-diabetic-patients-a-case-control-study
#7
Javanbakht Mohammad Hassan, Mohammady Hamed, Fooladsaz Koorosh, Razzaghi Maryam, Zarei Mahnaz, Djalali Mahmoud
BACKGROUND: Considerable evidence suggests that oxidative stress affects diabetes mellitus (DM) and contributes to its complications. Vitamin D has been shown to possess antioxidant properties. The aim of this study was to determine the association between serum levels of calcifediol (25-OH-D), an indicator of vitamin D status, and lipid profiles with oxidative stress in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: In this case-control study, 57 T2DM patients with low vitamin D status (< 30 ng/mL) and 48 T2DM patients with normal vitamin D status (> 30 ng/mL) were enrolled...
October 2016: Reports of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070314/calories-and-sugars-in-boba-milk-tea-implications-for-obesity-risk-in-asian-pacific-islanders
#8
Jae Eun Min, David B Green, Loan Kim
In the last several decades, obesity rates have reached epidemic proportions, and increases the risk for a host of comorbidities, including diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and certain kinds of cancers. Boba milk tea, first became popular in the 1990s throughout Asia, and has gained more popularity in the United States and in Europe since 2000. Currently, available nutrition data from online sites suggest this beverage contains high amounts of sugar and fat. One published nutrition study suggests that boba tea drinks are part of the larger group of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) because these beverages are usually sweetened with high-fructose corn syrup (HFCS)...
January 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069054/the-effect-of-a-novel-probiotic-on-metabolic-biomarkers-in-adults-with-prediabetes-and-recently-diagnosed-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Talia Palacios, Luis Vitetta, Samantha Coulson, Claire D Madigan, Gareth S Denyer, Ian D Caterson
BACKGROUND: Shifts in the gastrointestinal microbiome have been shown to contribute to the progression of metabolic diseases including prediabetes and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Research suggests that in-vivo modulation of the gut microbiome by specific probiotic microorganisms may improve insulin sensitivity and blood sugar management, preventing or delaying the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus. However, further research is needed to understand the effect of probiotics as a therapy for the treatment of metabolic diseases...
January 9, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062871/-chronic-diarrhea-in-the-diabetic-a-review-of-the-literature
#10
Juan Sebastián Frías Ordoñez, William Otero Regino
The association of diarrhea with diabetes mellitus has been known for more than 70 years. In diabetic patients its prevalence is around 20%.Its clinical manifestations are diverse, and represents a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge.There are certain diagnoses of higher prevalence in diabetic patients than in the general population.The different related etiologies can be adequately diagnosed through the clinical history and complementary diagnostic tests.The medications used by the diabetic patient to manage their disease often cause chronic diarrhea, so the pharmacological background should be studied at the time of the study of diarrhea...
October 2016: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061789/comparison-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-and-dietary-intakes-among-javanese-surinamese-and-south-asian-surinamese-in-the-netherlands-the-helius-study
#11
Qaisar Raza, Marieke B Snijder, Jacob C Seidell, Ron J G Peters, Mary Nicolaou
BACKGROUND: Ethnic differences regarding the percent of non-communicable diseases have been shown in Asia but the studies on Asian subgroups living in the western countries regarding percent of cardiovascular risk factors and dietary intakes have been scarce. Therefore we compared the percent of cardiovascular risk factors and dietary intakes between Javanese Surinamese who are originally from Indonesia and South-Asian Surinamese who are originally from India. METHODS: Cross-sectional baseline data of the HELIUS (Healthy Life in an Urban Setting) study were used, including data of 2935 Surinamese participants (197 of Javanese and 2738 of South-Asian origin) out of which 1160 participants (78 Javanese and 1082 South-Asian) additionally reported dietary intake data...
January 6, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057505/prevalence-of-thyroid-dysfunction-among-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients
#12
M V Jali, Sanjay Kambar, Sujata M Jali, Nandita Pawar, Prachi Nalawade
AIMS: To determine the prevalence of Thyroid dysfunction among Type 2 Diabetes mellitus. METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional hospital-based study is conducted to find out the prevalence of thyroid dysfunction. 713 type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) subjects were enrolled in the survey. These subjects were investigated for fasting blood sugar (FBS), glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c), total triiodothyronine (T3), total thyroxine (T4), and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)...
December 19, 2016: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057308/drosophila-as-a-model-for-diabetes-and-diseases-of-insulin-resistance
#13
P Graham, L Pick
Despite the importance of insulin signaling pathways in human disease, initial concerns that insect physiology and sugar metabolism differ enough from humans that flies would not model human disease hampered research in this area. However, during the past 10-15 years, evidence has accumulated that flies can indeed model various aspects of diabetes and related human disorders. This cluster of diseases impact insulin and insulin signaling pathways, fields which have been discussed in many excellent review articles in recent years...
2017: Current Topics in Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057086/diagnostic-value-of-microrna-143-in-predicting-in-stent-restenosis-for-patients-with-lower-extremity-arterial-occlusive-disease
#14
Zhi-Hai Yu, Hai-Tao Wang, Can Tu
PURPOSE: This study was conducted to explore the diagnostic value of microRNA-143 (miRNA-143) in predicting in-stent restenosis (ISR) of lower extremity arterial occlusive disease (LEAOD). METHODS: From February 2012 to March 2015, 165 patients (112 males and 53 females) with LEAOD undergoing interventional treatment were enrolled in this study. Serum miRNA-143 expression was detected using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Patients were assigned into the restenosis and non-restenosis groups according to routine surveillance postoperative angiography...
January 5, 2017: European Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052647/the-modulative-effects-of-microcurrent-electrical-nerve-stimulation-on-diabetic-mice
#15
Wen-Ching Huang, Wen-Chieh Chang, Yi-Ju Hsu, Chun-Feng Huang, Chi-Chang Huang, Cheng-Yan Kao, Che-Li Lin
Diabetes (one of non-communicable diseases) is serious due to its complications, such like, cardiovascular ailments, neuropathy, nephropathy, retinopathy, wound gangrene and sexual impotence. Diabetes and associated chronic conditions are rapidly emerging as major health problems. In clinical, there were different drugs for diabetes treatment on different mechanisms. However, there were limited studies on the efficacy of electric stimulations on diabetes therapeutic application. In current study, we try to evaluate the effect of microcurrent electrical nerve stimulator (MENS) on diabetes modulation as an alternative medicine...
28, 2017: Chinese Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051097/aged-garlic-has-more-potent-antiglycation-and-antioxidant-properties-compared-to-fresh-garlic-extract-in-vitro
#16
Abdulhakim Elosta, Mark Slevin, Khalid Rahman, Nessar Ahmed
Protein glycation involves formation of early (Amadori) and late advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs) together with free radicals via autoxidation of glucose and Amadori products. Glycation and increased free radical activity underlie the pathogenesis of diabetic complications. This study investigated whether aged garlic has more potent antiglycation and antioxidant properties compared to fresh garlic extract in vitro in a cell-free system. Proteins were glycated by incubation with sugars (glucose, methylglyoxal or ribose) ±5-15 mg/mL of aged and fresh garlic extracts...
January 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050987/glucose-levels-and-hemodynamic-changes-in-patients-submitted-to-routine-dental-extraction-under-local-anesthesia-with-and-without-adrenaline
#17
Sanjay Byakodi, Vivek Gurjar, Sushant Soni
INTRODUCTION: In maxillofacial surgery, the simplest procedure that we perform is dental extraction. However, this simple procedure is challenged by the patient's poor medical condition. We generally use local anesthesia in combination with adrenaline; however, as we come across patients with diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular diseases who seek dental extraction, we need to be doubly cautious while using adrenaline. In this study, we intend to compare the effects of local anesthesia with adrenaline and local anesthesia without adrenaline on hemodynamic changes (blood pressure and pulse rate) and random blood sugar levels...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050358/to-study-brain-stem-auditory-evoked-potential-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-cross-sectional-comparative-study
#18
Mishra Indira Sushil, J N Muneshwar, Sayeeda Afroz
INTRODUCTION: Neuropathy is one of the commonest complications of Diabetes Mellitus (DM). Apart from having peripheral and autonomic neuropathy patients with type 2 DM may also suffer from sensory neural hearing loss, which is more severe at higher frequencies. However, few studies have done detailed evaluation of sensory pathway in these patients. In this study brain stem auditory evoked potential is used to detect the acoustic and central neuropathy in a group of patients with type 2 DM with controlled and uncontrolled blood sugar...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050357/evaluation-of-biochemical-markers-serum-amylase-and-serum-lipase-for-the-assessment-of-pancreatic-exocrine-function-in-diabetes-mellitus
#19
Mahesh Basavaraj Madole, Chandrashekhar M Iyer, Mamatha Thimmanna Madivalar, Satish Kishanrao Wadde, Deepak Sadashiv Howale
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes mellitus (DM), a metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycaemia, associated with deficiency or resistance to insulin indicates endocrinal abnormality of the pancreas. Amylase and lipase are enzymes secreted by the exocrine portion of the pancreas. Endocrinal derangement observed in diabetes may interfere with the exocrine function of the pancreas. AIM: To estimate the levels of fasting blood sugar, serum lipase, serum amylase in patients of type 1 and type 2 DM...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045992/self-care-practices-among-diabetes-patients-in-addis-ababa-a-qualitative-study
#20
Dagmawit Tewahido, Yemane Berhane
BACKGROUND: Self-care practices that include self-monitoring of blood sugar level, diet management, physical exercise, adherence to medications, and foot care are the cornerstones of diabetes management. However, very little is known about self-care in developing countries where the prevalence of diabetes is increasing. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe self-care practices among individuals with type II diabetes in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. METHODS: A qualitative method was used to gather data from type II diabetes patients...
2017: PloS One
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