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Sugar Diabetes

Cynthia Formosa, Ryan Muscat
BACKGROUND: This study sought to identify the nature and extent of diabetes-related knowledge and self-care practices in people living with type 2 diabetes who attend primary-care clinics and to determine whether a correlation between the two exists. METHODS: In a nonexperimental prospective study, the Diabetes Knowledge Questionnaire and the Summary of Diabetes Self-care Activities were used to assess knowledge and self-management in 50 patients. RESULTS: The mean diabetes knowledge score was 14...
September 2, 2016: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
S K Sharma, S H Verma
OBJECTIVES: To study the complete fasting lipid profile and other parameters (weight, body mass index, HbA1c, fasting blood sugar and postprandial blood sugar)in Type 2 diabetes mellitus patients on OHA/insulin, to study the effect of addition of pioglitazone on lipid profile and other parameters in Type 2 diabetes mellitus patients on OHA/insulin, to study the effect of addition of rosiglitazone on lipid profile and other parameters in Type 2 diabetes mellitus patients on OHA/insulin and to compare the effect of pioglitazone and rosiglitazone on lipid profile and other parameters in Type 2 diabetes mellitus patients on OHA/insulin...
September 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Alessandra Lodi, Bettina Karsten, Gerardo Bosco, Manuel Gómez-López, Paula Paraguassú Brandão, Antonino Bianco, Antonio Paoli
: The aim of this study was to analyze the effects on blood sugar concentrations through the calculation of the glycemic score (GS) of 10 different high-protein low-carbohydrates (CHOs) proprietary foods that are commonly used as meals during very low-CHO ketogenic diets or during low-CHO diets. Fourteen healthy females were tested for their glycemic response curve elicited by 1000 kJ of glucose three times within a 3-week period (one test each week) compared with one of 10 test foods once on separate days twice a week...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Medicinal Food
Ganiyu Amusa, Babatunde Awokola, Godsent Isiguzo, James Onuh, Samuel Uguru, David Oke, Solomon Danbauchi, Basil Okeahialam
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of Hypertension and associated risk factors in HIV+ adults and assessment of these risks using the Framingham risk score 'FRS'. DESIGN AND METHOD: A cross-sectional analytical study. One hundred and fifty consecutive HIV+ adults presenting at the HIV clinic of Jos University Teaching Hospital (90 on HAART) with 50 HIV- as controls were recruited. Relevant history, physical examination (including blood pressure measured according to standard guidelines), laboratory specimen (fasting plasma sugar and lipids, CD4 count and viral load) and electrocardiogram were obtained from the participants...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Zaid Abassi, Jonatan Leor, Natalie Landa, Firas Younis, Kenneth Hollander, Eric Mayoux, Lea Rath-Wolfson, Talma Rosenthal
OBJECTIVE: Hypertension and Diabetes commonly coexist and have been implicated in deterioration of kidneys, heart and impairment of pancreas. Empagliflozin (Empa), a selective SGLT2 inhibitor, is a new agent for treatment of diabetes via enhancing glucosuria, independent of insulin resistance. This study evaluates Empa's prophylactic beneficial effect on glomerular, cardiac and pancreatic integrity, in CRDH animals. DESIGN AND METHOD: Cohen Rosenthal Diabetic Hypertensive rats (CRDH) were divided into 3 groups: A- Sugar diet (SD) + Empa, B-Sugar Diet + Veh, C-Regular Chow + Veh (Control)...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Farzaneh Karimi-Alavijeh, Saeed Jalili, Masoumeh Sadeghi
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome which underlies the increased prevalence of cardiovascular disease and Type 2 diabetes is considered as a group of metabolic abnormalities including central obesity, hypertriglyceridemia, glucose intolerance, hypertension, and dyslipidemia. Recently, artificial intelligence based health-care systems are highly regarded because of its success in diagnosis, prediction, and choice of treatment. This study employs machine learning technics for predict the metabolic syndrome...
May 2016: ARYA Atherosclerosis
Mahnaz Zarei, Zahra Farahnak, Mohammad Javad Hosseinzadeh-Attar, Mohammad Hassan Javanbakht, Payam Hosseinzadeh, Hoda Derakhshanian, Payam Farahbakhsh-Farsi, Mahmoud Djalali
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to compare lipid peroxidation and antioxidant enzymes activity in Type 2 diabetes patients with good or weak glycemic control. METHODS: In this case-control study, 62 Type 2 diabetic patients with glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) between 6 and 8 were enrolled as the controlled group and 55 patients with HbA1c > 8 were selected as an uncontrolled group. Patients were all referred to Iranian Diabetes Association in Tehran, Iran, from 2010 onward...
May 2016: ARYA Atherosclerosis
Effiong Ekong Akpan, Udeme Ekpenyong Ekrikpo, Aniema Isaac Assam Udo
The prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is increasing the world over, and it is now regarded as a public health problem. The prevalence of CKD in Nigeria remained largely unknown with hospital-based data of 2-8%. However, emerging community studies show a prevalence of 10-26.8%. This study was conducted during the 2013 world kidney day activities in Uyo, Akwa Ibom, State of Nigeria, with an estimated population of 554,906 people. Sensitizations of members of the public were ensured through the media...
September 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
Marion G Priebe, Jolene R McMonagle
BACKGROUND: In many countries breakfast cereals are an important component of breakfast. This systematic review assesses the contribution of consumption of ready-to eat cereal (RTEC) to the recommended nutrient intake. Furthermore, the effects of RTEC consumption on key health parameters are investigated as well as health promoting properties of RTEC. METHOD: The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, EMBASE and CINAHL have been searched up till 16th of June 2015...
2016: PloS One
Adele Bahar, Zahra Kashi, Ezzatossadat Daneshpour, Ozra Akha, Shahram Ala
BACKGROUND: Cabergoline is a long-acting agonist of dopamine, which has a high affinity to dopamine receptors (type 2). Treatment using a dopaminergic agonist reduces hypothalamic stimulation that increases during liver gluconeogenesis, lipids synthesis, and insulin resistance. Our aim was to evaluate the effects of cabergoline on blood glucose levels in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). METHODS: This study was a double-blind, controlled clinical trial in patients with type 2 DM...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Rajkishor Mishra, Himanshu Kumar Sanju, Prawin Kumar
Introduction "Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic disorders characterized by elevated blood sugar and abnormalities in insulin secretion and action" (American Diabetes Association). Previous literature has reported connection between diabetes mellitus and hearing impairment. There is a dearth of literature on auditory temporal resolution ability in individuals with diabetes mellitus type 2. Objective The main objective of the present study was to assess auditory temporal resolution ability through GDT (Gap Detection Threshold) in individuals with diabetes mellitus type 2 with high frequency hearing loss...
October 2016: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
H M M Herath, T P Weerarathna, C L Fonseka, A S Vidanagamage
INTRODUCTION: Recent studies indicate that modulation of post prandial blood sugar (PPBS) plays an important role in the long term glycemic control. Measurement of PPBS is more convenient for patients attending outpatient clinics than fasting blood sugar (FBS) as the former needs only two hours of fasting from the last meal. OBJECTIVE: To assess the value of PPBS monitoring in optimization of long term glycemic control among diabetic patients attending an outpatient clinic...
October 5, 2016: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Giridhara R Babu, Gvs Murthy, R Deepa, Yamuna, Prafulla, H Kiran Kumar, Maithili Karthik, Keerti Deshpande, Sara E Benjamin Neelon, D Prabhakaran, Anura Kurpad, Sanjay Kinra
BACKGROUND: India is experiencing an epidemic of obesity-hyperglycaemia, which coincides with child bearing age for women. The epidemic can be sustained and augmented through transgenerational transmission of adiposity and glucose intolerance in women. This presents an opportunity for exploring a clear strategy for the control of this epidemic in India. We conducted a study between November 2013 and May 2015 to inform the design of a large pregnancy cohort study. Based on the findings of this pilot, we developed the protocol for the proposed birth cohort of 5000 women, the recruitment for which will start in April 2016...
October 14, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Nabil A Siddiqui, Nashiru Billa, Clive J Roberts, Yaa Asantewaa Osei
Boronic acids have been widely investigated for their potential use as glucose sensors in glucose responsive polymeric insulin delivery systems. Interactions between cyclic diols and boronic acids, anchored to polymeric delivery systems, may result in swelling of the delivery system, releasing the drug. In this study, 4-formylphenylboronic acid conjugated chitosan was formulated into insulin containing nanoparticles via polyelectrolyte complexation. The nanoparticles had an average diameter of 140 ± 12.8 nm, polydispersity index of 0...
October 8, 2016: Pharmaceutics
Vicente Ortún, Beatriz G López-Valcárcel, Jaime Pinilla
This article provides a critical review about the challenges that taxes on sugary drinks as an instrument of health policy must face to reverse the trend of the current epidemics of obesity. We analyzed the experiences of the leading countries, particularly Mexico, and reflect on the counterweight exerted by the industry against obesity policies, and on the power of lobbyists. Those tax policies for public health have to overcome the enormous strength of the industry, which is exerted in several-science and research, brand reputation, influence on regulators-levels...
October 13, 2016: Revista Española de Salud Pública
T Ravindran, Paneerselvam, Radha, T Allwyn Yabesh
Osmotic demyelination syndrome is an acute shift in serum osmolality causing demyelination, which may be due to rapid correction of hyponatremia, hyperglycaemia, hypokalemia and ketoacidosis. We present a case of 55yr old female and a known diabetic presented with the choreic movements involving left upper and lower limb for 2 days without any weakness.Her blood sugar was 428mg/dl at the time of admission with wide fluctuations.Her CT Brain showed hyperdensity in the right basal ganglia and the MRI brain showed hyperintense lesion in T2 weighted images showing features suggestive of osmotic demyelination...
April 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Narsingh Verma, Kauser Usman, Naresh Patel, Arvind Jain, Sudhir Dhakre, Anand Swaroop, Manashi Bagchi, Pawan Kumar, Harry G Preuss, Debasis Bagchi
BACKGROUND: Trigonella foenum-graecum (fenugreek) seeds are known to exhibit potent antioxidant, hypoglycemic, and nephroprotective activities, as well as serve as excellent membrane stabilizers especially because of their content of novel furostanolic saponins. Our previous studies exhibited the broad spectrum safety and efficacy of Fenfuro, a novel T. foenum-graecum seed extract enriched in furostanolic saponins, in type 2 diabetes (T2D) in rats. DESIGN: This multicenter, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, add-on clinical study evaluated over a period of 90 consecutive days the efficacy of Fenfuro (daily dosage: 500 mg bid) in 154 subjects (male: 108; female: 46; age: 25-60 years) with T2D...
2016: Food & Nutrition Research
Ayman S Abutair, Ihab A Naser, Amin T Hamed
BACKGROUND: Water-soluble dietary fibers intake may help control blood glucose and body weight. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to determine whether soluble fiber supplementation from psyllium improves glycemic control indicators and body weight in type 2 diabetic patients. METHOD: Forty type 2 diabetes patients, non-smoker, aged >35 years were stratified to different strata according to sex, age, body mass index (BMI) and fasting blood sugar level (FBS) and randomly assigned into two groups; The intervention group which consists of 20 participants was on soluble fiber (10...
October 12, 2016: Nutrition Journal
KhaderSyed Zameer Ahmed, Syed Zameer Ahmed Sidhra, Ponnusamy Ponmurugan, Balasubramanian Senthil Kumar
Solanum trilobatum Linn is a medicinal plants used in India from many centuries to cure various diseases. The purpose of the study is to evaluate the ameliorative potential of the ethanolic leaf extract and fractions of Solanum trilobatum (St) against alloxan induced diabetic rats. Solanum trilobatum leaf extract and fractions were administered orally at two different concentration (100-200mg/kg body weight) to alloxan induced diabetic rats. The antidiabetic efficacy was validated through various biochemical parameters, enzyme assays, renal markers and antioxidant properties were also determined...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
- Alamgeer, Muhammad Naveed Mushtaq, Sajid Bashir, Ikram Ullah, Sabeha Karim, Muhammad Rashid, Muhammad Nasir Hayat Malik, Haroonur Rashid
The aim of present study was to evaluate and compare the hypoglycemic activity of different solvents extracts of Thymus serpyllum in rabbits. Diabetes was induced with single intravenous injection of alloxan monohydrate (150mg/kg). Glibenclamide and acarbose were used as standard drugs. The crude powder of Thymus serpyllum (500 mg/kg b.w) significantly reduced blood glucose level in both normal and diabetic rabbits. Various extracts of Thymus serpyllum were compared for their hypoglycemic activity in diabetic rabbits...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
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