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Cardiolipin Disorder

Luís Félix, M M Oliveira, Romeu Videira, Elisabete Maciel, Nuno D Alves, Fernando M Nunes, Anabela Alves, José M Almeida, M Rosário M Domingues, Francisco P Peixoto
Gentamicin is an aminoglycoside antibiotic widely used to treat many types of bacterial infections. Although its properties, his clinical use is limited due to the occurrence of nephrotoxicity, which has been related to mitochondrial dysfunction. Carvedilol, an antihypertensive drug with strong antioxidant properties, has been tested in order to prevent gentamicin nephrotoxicity. This study aimed to test this hypothesis using a rat model of gentamicin-induced nephrotoxicity. Animals were treated subcutaneously with DMSO (control) (0...
November 26, 2016: Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie
Adwitiya Kar, Haley Beam, Megan B Borror, Michael Luckow, Xiaoli Gao, Shane L Rea
Ubiquinone (Qn) functions as a mobile electron carrier in mitochondria. In humans, Q biosynthetic pathway mutations lead to Q10 deficiency, a life threatening disorder. We have used a Saccharomyces cerevisiae model of Q6 deficiency to screen for new modulators of ubiquinone biosynthesis. We generated several hypomorphic alleles of coq7/cat5 (clk-1 in Caenorhabditis elegans) encoding the penultimate enzyme in Q biosynthesis which converts 5-demethoxy Q6 (DMQ6) to 5-demethyl Q6, and screened for genes that, when overexpressed, suppressed their inability to grow on non-fermentable ethanol-implying recovery of lost mitochondrial function...
2016: PloS One
Marco Cattalini, Jessica Galli, Laura Andreoli, Ivana Olivieri, Giada Ariaudo, Micaela Fredi, Simona Orcesi, Angela Tincani, Elisa Fazzi
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore the presence of autoimmune manifestations and characterize the autoantibody production in a cohort of patients with Aicardi-Goutières syndrome (AGS). METHODS: Seventeen patients with a genetically-confirmed diagnosis of AGS were recruited. At the time of enrollment, past medical and family history was reviewed, looking for possible signs or symptoms of autoimmune disorders. Blood samples were taken, for the detection of a panel of autoantibodies: anti-nuclear, anti-double-stranded-DNA, anti-nucleosome, anti-extractable nuclear antigens, anti-cardiolipin IgG/IgM, anti-β2glycoprotein I IgG/IgM, and anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Immunology
Waqar Waheed, Salman Aljerdi, Barbara Decker, Mary Cushman, Robert W Hamill
Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) is an uncommon disorder associated with diverse processes. We report a patient who, while receiving desmopressin and contraceptive pills (OCP), developed straight sinus thrombosis. Clinical assessment and laboratory investigations revealed untreated hyperthyroidism and a hypercoagulable state, characterised by high levels of von Willebrand factor, factor VIII coagulant activity and IgM cardiolipin antibody. The clinical picture improved with anticoagulation, treatment of hyperthyroidism and discontinuation of OCP and desmopressin...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
Baikuntha Aryal, V Ashutosh Rao
Cardiolipin (CL) is an inner mitochondrial membrane phospholipid which plays an important role in mitochondrial function. Perturbation in CL biosynthesis alters mitochondrial bioenergetics causing a severe genetic disorder commonly known as Barth syndrome. Barth syndrome patients are known to have a reduced concentration and altered composition of CL. Cardiolipin is also known to have a high affinity for the chemotherapeutic agent doxorubicin (Dox), resulting in an extensive mitochondrial accumulation of the drug...
2016: PloS One
Tae Yeon Yoo, Mock Ryeon Kim, Jae Sung Son, Ran Lee, Sun Hwan Bae, Sochung Chung, Kyo Sun Kim, Moon-Woo Seong, Sung Sup Park
Barth syndrome (BTHS) is a rare genetic disorder characterized by various types of cardiomyopathy, neutropenia, failure to thrive, skeletal myopathy, and 3-methylglutaconic aciduria. BTHS is caused by loss-of-function mutations in the tafazzin (TAZ) gene located on chromosome Xq28, leading to cardiolipin deficiency. We report a 13-month-old boy with BTHS who had a novel de novo mutation in the TAZ gene. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of a BTHS patient with a de novo mutation in Korea...
June 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Ultrasound
Masato Abe, Yui Hasegawa, Masahide Oku, Yoshiki Sawada, Eriko Tanaka, Yasuyoshi Sakai, Hideto Miyoshi
Remodeling of the acyl chains of cardiolipin (CL) is responsible for final molecular composition of mature CL after de novo CL synthesis in mitochondria. Yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae undergoes tafazzin-mediated CL remodeling, in which tafazzin serves as a transacylase from phospholipids to monolyso-CL (MLCL). In light of the diversity of the acyl compositions of mature CL between different organisms, the mechanism underlying tafazzin-mediated transacylation remains to be elucidated. We investigated the mechanism responsible for transacylation using purified S...
July 22, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Stephen R Coats, Ahmed Hashim, Nikolay A Paramonov, Thao T To, Michael A Curtis, Richard P Darveau
UNLABELLED: Intestinal homeostasis mechanisms must protect the host intestinal tissue from endogenous lipopolysaccharides (LPSs) produced by the intestinal microbiota. In this report, we demonstrate that murine intestinal fecal lipids effectively block Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) responses to naturally occurring Bacteroidetes sp. LPS. Cardiolipin (CL) represents a significant proportion of the total intestinal and fecal lipids and, furthermore, potently antagonizes TLR4 activation by reducing LPS binding at the lipopolysaccharide binding protein (LBP), CD14, and MD-2 steps of the TLR4 signaling pathway...
July 15, 2016: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Qiu-Yu Li, Feng Yu, Fu-De Zhou, Ming-Hui Zhao
The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of plasmapheresis in patients with lupus nephritis-combined thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) in a Chinese cohort.Clinical and therapeutic data of patients with lupus nephritis-combined TMA were collected retrospectively. A comparison between those with and without plasmapheresis was performed.Seventy patients with renal biopsy-proven TMA in lupus nephritis were treated with conventional combined corticosteroid and immunosuppressive agents as induction therapy, 9 of the 70 patients received additional plasmapheresis...
May 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Yana Sandlers, Kelly Mercier, Wimal Pathmasiri, Jim Carlson, Susan McRitchie, Susan Sumner, Hilary J Vernon
Barth Syndrome is the only known Mendelian disorder of cardiolipin remodeling, with characteristic clinical features of cardiomyopathy, skeletal myopathy, and neutropenia. While the primary biochemical defects of reduced mature cardiolipin and increased monolysocardiolipin are well-described, much of the downstream biochemical dysregulation has not been uncovered, and biomarkers are limited. In order to further expand upon the knowledge of the biochemical abnormalities in Barth Syndrome, we analyzed metabolite profiles in plasma from a cohort of individuals with Barth Syndrome compared to age-matched controls via 1H nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry...
2016: PloS One
W Reid Thompson, Brittany DeCroes, Rebecca McClellan, Jessica Rubens, Frédéric M Vaz, Kara Kristaponis, Dimitrios Avramopoulos, Hilary J Vernon
PURPOSE: Barth syndrome (BTHS), an X-linked disorder caused by defects in TAZ, is the only known single-gene disorder of cardiolipin remodeling. We hypothesized that through analysis of affected individuals, we would gain a better understanding of the range of clinical features and identify targets for monitoring and therapy. METHODS: We conducted a multidisciplinary investigation involving 42 patients with BTHS, including echocardiograms, muscle strength testing, functional exercise capacity testing, physical activity assessments, cardiolipin analysis, 3-methylglutaconic acid analysis, and review of genotype data...
October 2016: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
Charlotte Thiels, Martin Fleger, Martina Huemer, Richard J Rodenburg, Frederic M Vaz, Riekelt H Houtkooper, Tobias B Haack, Holger Prokisch, René G Feichtinger, Thomas Lücke, Johannes A Mayr, Saskia B Wortmann
: Barth syndrome is known as a highly recognizable X-linked disorder typically presenting with the three hallmarks: (left ventricular non-compaction) cardiomyopathy, neutropenia, and 3-methylglutaconic aciduria. Furthermore, growth retardation, mild skeletal myopathy, and specific facial features as well as mitochondrial dysfunction in muscle are frequently seen. Underlying mutations are found in TAZ and lead to defective cardiolipin remodeling.Here, we report atypical clinical manifestations of TAZ mutations in two male patients initially presenting with growth retardation and very mild skeletal myopathy...
January 3, 2016: JIMD Reports
Roger C Ho, C Thiaghu, Huiyi Ong, Yanxia Lu, Cyrus S Ho, Wilson W Tam, Melvyn W Zhang
Neuropsychiatric systemic lupus erythematosus (NPSLE) is one of the most devastating presentations of SLE and comprises of psychiatric, central and peripheral neurological signs and symptoms. Previous studies suggest the possible associations between various autoantibodies (Abs) and NPSLE. The magnitudes of such association varied between studies. We performed a meta-analysis to pool data on serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) levels and positivity of Abs in blood and cerebrospinal fluid in patients with NPSLE and SLE...
February 2016: Autoimmunity Reviews
J Montalban, R A Asherson, J H Missine, M Vatanasuk, M Tintore, A Codina
Enzyme-linked immunoabsorbent assay (ELISA) techniques for the detection of antibodies to the Venereal Disease Research Laboratories (VDRL) antigen as well as for the estimation of antibodies to cardiolipin (aCL) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) were performed in several groups of patients, including those with definite paretic neurosyphilis (DPNS, 10 patients), probable paretic neurosyphilis (PPNS, 19 patients), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE, 71 patients), and miscellaneous neurologic disorders (30 patients), and normal subjects (11 patients)...
1992: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Yuri Kinoshita, Nobuko Mayumi, Motoyuki Inaba, Touru Igarashi, Ichigen Katagiri, Seiji Kawana
Antiphospholipid syndrome is an autoimmune disorder characterized by the occurrence of venous and arterial thrombosis, as well as morbidity in pregnancy, in the presence of anti-phospholipid antibodies. The diagnosis of antiphospholipid syndrome is usually established based on clinical and laboratory findings by strictly following the 2006 Sapporo classification. However, the diagnosis remains challenging owing to the ongoing debates on the serological criteria. We report a case we describe as forme fruste antiphospholipid syndrome in which these criteria were not fulfilled...
July 2015: Dermatology Online Journal
Patricia Pinto, Shrimati Shetty, Sebastien Lacroix-Desmazes, Jagadeesh Bayry, Srini Kaveri, Kanjaksha Ghosh
Diagnosis and management of haemophilia patients with inhibitors is often tricky due to the heterogeneous nature of the antibodies with regard to their kinetics, as well as the co-existence of other interfering antibodies. Plasma samples from severe haemophilia A patients from India with and without FVIII inhibitors were analysed for the presence of possible co-existing antibodies such as lupus anticoagulants (LA), anti-cardiolipin antibodies (ACLA), anti-β2-glycoprotein-I (anti-β2-GP-I) antibodies, viral transfusion transmitted disease (HIV, HBsAg, HCV) related antibodies, anti-cyclic citrullinated peptides (anti-CCP), and anti-nuclear antibodies...
January 2016: Immunology Letters
Tye O'Hara Boynton, Lawrence Joseph Shimkets
Myxococcus xanthus development requires CsgA, a member of the short-chain alcohol dehydrogenase (SCAD) family of proteins. We show that CsgA and SocA, a protein that can replace CsgA function in vivo, oxidize the 2'-OH glycerol moiety on cardiolipin and phosphatidylglycerol to produce diacylglycerol (DAG), dihydroxyacetone, and orthophosphate. A lipid extract enriched in DAGs from wild-type cells initiates development and lipid body production in a csgA mutant to bypass the mutational block. This novel phospholipase C-like reaction is widespread...
September 15, 2015: Genes & Development
Zheni Shen, Cunqi Ye, Keanna McCain, Miriam L Greenberg
Cardiolipin (CL), the signature phospholipid of mitochondrial membranes, is crucial for both mitochondrial function and cellular processes outside of the mitochondria. The importance of CL in cardiovascular health is underscored by the life-threatening genetic disorder Barth syndrome (BTHS), which manifests clinically as cardiomyopathy, skeletal myopathy, neutropenia, and growth retardation. BTHS is caused by mutations in the gene encoding tafazzin, the transacylase that carries out the second CL remodeling step...
2015: BioMed Research International
Rucha Patil, Kanjaksha Ghosh, Sonal Vora, Shrimati Shetty
The most frequently hypothesized cause of unexplained recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) refers to a defective maternal haemostatic response leading to uteroplacental thrombosis. Approximately 20% women suffering from pregnancy loss (PL) are associated with autoimmune disorders and more than 50% remain idiopathic after common traditional investigations. The present study aims to investigate the prevalence of different genetic and acquired thrombophilia markers in a large series of Indian women with RPL. Such studies will help analyze the markers which pose maximum risk and help in the appropriate treatment in subsequent pregnancies...
October 2015: Blood Cells, Molecules & Diseases
Daniele Vergara, Michele D'Alessandro, Antonia Rizzello, Lidia De Riccardis, Paola Lunetti, Piero Del Boccio, Francesca De Robertis, Giorgio Trianni, Michele Maffia, Anna M Giudetti
BACKGROUND: Lipids play different important roles in central nervous system so that dysregulation of lipid pathways has been implicated in a growing number of neurodegenerative disorders including multiple sclerosis (MS). MS is the most prevalent autoimmune disorder of the central nervous system, with neurological symptoms caused by inflammation and demyelination. In this study, a lipidomic analysis was performed for the rapid profile of CD4(+) T lymphocytes from MS patient and control samples in an untargeted approach...
2015: BMC Neuroscience
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