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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920545/thyroid-dysfunction-among-type-2-diabetic-female-egyptian-subjects
#1
Ibrahim N Elebrashy, Amr El Meligi, Laila Rashed, Randa F Salam, Elham Youssef, Shaimaa A Fathy
PURPOSE: High prevalence of thyroid disorders is more common in type 1 diabetes compared to type 2 diabetes, due to associated autoimmunity. Hypothyroidism is the most common disorder. The objective was to assess the prevalence of thyroid dysfunction among type 2 diabetic Egyptian females and to find the correlation between metabolic syndrome components and autoimmune thyroid dysfunction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 62 type 2 diabetic Egyptian females and 27 sex- and age-matched controls...
2016: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919814/basil-seed-mucilage-as-a-new-source-for-electrospinning-production-and-physicochemical-characterization
#2
Forouzan Kurd, Milad Fathi, Hajar Shekarchizadeh
In this study nanofibers were prepared via the electrospinning technique by basil seed mucilage (BSM) as a new source of hydrocolloid. Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) was used as an aiding agent. Viscosity and electrical conductivity of BSM/PVA solutions of different volume ratios (100:0, 80:20, 60:40, 40:60, 20:80 and 0:100) were in the range of 790-1300cP and 745-2140μS/cm, respectively. Morphology of nanofibers were investigated using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) that showed an average diameter range of 179-390nm...
December 2, 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917623/impact-of-ige-mediated-food-allergy-on-parental-quality-of-life-in-iranian-patients
#3
Seyed Mohammad Fathi, Marzieh Tavakol, Nima Rezaei, Masoud Movahedi, Asghar Aghamohammadi, Mansoureh Shariat, Bamdad Sadeghi, Nasrin Behniafard, Behzad Darabi, Alireza Hajikhani, Ibrahim Abdollahpour, Mohammad Gharagozlou
Food allergy is a common disorder especially in the first years of life. Strict avoidance of the responsible food is the most effective therapeutic measure so far. But this continuous vigilance could be stressful for the patient and family and decreases their quality of life (QOL). This survey was designed to evaluate the impact of IgE-mediated food allergy on parental QOL in Iranian patients and to develop a valid Persian version of "Food Allergy Quality Of Life- Parental Burden (FAQL-PB) questionnaire". 90 patients (28 females, 62 males) and their parents who were referred to the clinic of Allergy in Children's Medical Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran were enrolled...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917265/novel-non-invasive-biological-predictive-index-for-liver-fibrosis-in-hepatitis-c-virus-genotype-4-patients
#4
Mahmoud Khattab, Mohamed Amin Sakr, Mohamed Abdel Fattah, Youssef Mousa, Elwy Soliman, Ashraf Breedy, Mona Fathi, Salwa Gaber, Ahmed Altaweil, Ashraf Osman, Ahmed Hassouna, Ibrahim Motawea
AIM: To investigate the diagnostic ability of a non-invasive biological marker to predict liver fibrosis in hepatitis C genotype 4 patients with high accuracy. METHODS: A cohort of 332 patients infected with hepatitis C genotype 4 was included in this cross-sectional study. Fasting plasma glucose, insulin, C-peptide, and angiotensin-converting enzyme serum levels were measured. Insulin resistance was mathematically calculated using the homeostasis model of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR)...
November 18, 2016: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912989/assessment-of-methane-production-from-shredder-waste-in-landfills-the-influence-of-temperature-moisture-and-metals
#5
Ehsan Fathi Aghdam, Charlotte Scheutz, Peter Kjeldsen
In this study, methane (CH4) production rates from shredder waste (SW) were determined by incubation of waste samples over a period of 230days under different operating conditions, and first-order decay kinetic constants (k-values) were calculated. SW and sterilized SW were incubated under different temperatures (20-25°C, 37°C, and 55°C), moisture contents (35% and 75% w/w) and amounts of inoculum (5% and 30% of the samples wet weight). The biochemical methane potential (BMP) from different types of SW (fresh, old and sieved) was determined and compared...
November 29, 2016: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899955/comparison-between-standard-and-reduced-volume-radiotherapy-in-bladder-preservation-trimodality-protocol-for-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer-patients
#6
Waleed Arafat, Azza Darwish, George E Naoum, Wael Sameh, Gamal El Husseiny, Fathy Abd-El-Gawad, Mostafa Samir
AIM: Our aim is to compare the toxicity, pelvic nodal relapse, and overall survival of whole bladder irradiation only to the standard technique of whole pelvis irradiation followed by bladder boost in patients with muscle-invasive bladder carcinoma undergoing bladder preservation protocol. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A total of 60 patients with transitional cell carcinoma, stage T2-3, N0, M0 bladder cancer were subjected to maximal transurethral resection bladder tumour (TURB)...
2016: Ecancermedicalscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898620/intra-arterial-chemotherapy-for-lacrimal-gland-adenoid-cystic-carcinoma
#7
Matthew Zhang, Cherie Fathy, Mark P Breazzano, Matthew Hollar, Behin Barahimi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: International Ophthalmology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895694/edentulous-child-with-allgrove-syndrome-a-rare-case-report
#8
Mohammad Vahedi, Shima Fathi, Hanif Allahbakhshi
Triple-A syndrome, also known as Allgrove syndrome, is a rare autosomal recessive disorder. The 3 features of this syndrome are achalasia, adrenal insufficiency, and alacrima. Achalasia could be the first manifestation of the triple-A syndrome; however, its etiology is unclear. Alacrima is generally asymptomatic but can be detected by obtaining patient history. Although adrenal insufficiency could have manifestations such as asthenia, it might be wrongly diagnosed as muscle fatigue. Vitamin D and calcium supplements are usually prescribed for the prevention of osteoporosis...
November 2016: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893677/impact-of-iron-deficiency-anemia-on-the-function-of-the-immune-system-in-children
#9
Tamer Hasan Hassan, Mohamed Ahmed Badr, Nehad Ahmed Karam, Marwa Zkaria, Hosam Fathy El Saadany, Doaa Mohamed Abdel Rahman, Doaa Abdallah Shahbah, Salah Mohamed Al Morshedy, Manar Fathy, Asmaa Mohamed Hosni Esh, Amal Mohamed Selim
The importance of iron deficiency as a public health problem is based ultimately on the seriousness of its consequences on health. The most extensively investigated consequences of iron deficiency involve work performance and immune function. The significance of the effects on work performance is generally accepted. In contrast, data on the influence of iron deficiency on immune function are often perceived as being confusing and contradictory.We aimed to evaluate the effect of iron deficiency anemia on humoral, cellular, nonspecific immunity, and also the effect on the cytokines that are the key factors of many immunologic steps...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890976/study-frequency-of-hypertension-and-obesity-and-their-relationship-with-lifestyle-factors-nutritional-habits-physical-activity-cigarette-consumption-in-ardabil-city-physicians-2012-13
#10
Afshin Fathi, Saeid Sadeghieh Ahari, Firouz Amani, Mohammad Reza Nikneghad
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Few studies have been done on lifestyle of Iranian physicians. As physicians have important role in health promotion, the main goal of the study was to assess the lifestyle of this influential group. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted on lifestyle of all registered physicians of Ardabil hospitals, Iran, 2012-13. In this research, 225 physicians were selected, by using simple random sampling. Demographic and lifestyle data were obtained by self-report using standard questionnaires, physical activity by official Iranian short-version of the international physical activity questionnaire, and dietary intake by food frequency questionnaire...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884489/geochemical-speciation-bioavailability-and-source-identification-of-selected-metals-in-surface-sediments-of-the-southern-caspian-sea
#11
Kazem Darvish Bastami, Mahmoud Reza Neyestani, Marjan Esmaeilzadeh, Sarah Haghparast, Camelia Alavi, Sanaz Fathi, Shahram Nourbakhsh, Emam Ali Shirzadi, Reyhane Parhizgar
Geochemical speciation of As, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb, V and Zn were determined in the surface sediments of the southern Caspian Sea. A five-step sequential extraction technique was used to determine the chemical forms of metals. Mean concentrations (ppm) of heavy metals were (mean±S.D.) As: 9.94±1.71, Cd: 0.87±0.23, Co: 14.85±2.80, Cr: 72.29±19.48, Cu: 18.91±4.48, Ni: 32.87±5.25, Pb: 12.48±3.22, V: 86.07±20.71 and Zn: 66.85±10.11. Among the metals, Cu, As, Pb and Zn exhibited relatively higher mobility, while Cd, Co, Cr, Ni and V were found mainly in the residual fractions...
November 21, 2016: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876967/in-vivo-effect-of-anti-tnf-agent-etanercept-in-reactivation-of-latent-toxoplasmosis
#12
Nagwa Mostafa El-Sayed, Khadiga Ahmed Ismail, Abeer Fathy Badawy, Khaled Fathy Elhasanein
Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii), an intracellular parasite, establishes a chronic infection by forming cysts preferentially in the brain. TNF-α plays an important role in controlling the infection caused by this protozoan. Thus, the blockade of TNF-α could cause reactivation of latent toxoplasmosis infection as well as increase the risk of acute toxoplasmosis. This study evaluated the effect of etanercept, a TNF-α antagonist in reactivation of latent toxoplasmosis compared to the therapeutic effect of sulfadiazine and pyrimethamine in combination on the progress of the disease...
December 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876568/design-synthesis-and-biological-evaluation-of-steroidal-analogs-as-estrogenic-anti-estrogenic-agents
#13
Abdulrhman Alsayari, Lucas Kopel, Mahmoud Salama Ahmed, Adam Pay, Taylor Carlson, Fathi T Halaweish
Series of estrone based analogs were synthetically investigated at positions C-9, C-11, C-16, and C-17 positions, to be biologically evaluated via assessment of cell proliferation, cytotoxicity, and estrogenic / anti-estrogenic activity. LA-7 and LA-10 revealed their potential to exhibit inhibitory estrogenic profile. This was further validated by Estrogen Receptor-α (ER- α) and Estrogen Receptor-β (ER- β) competitive binding assays to reveal the high selective affinity of LA-7 towards ER-α at 5.49 μM, while LA-10 did not show any binding affinity towards neither ER-α nor ER-β; suggesting another mechanism for inhibition...
November 19, 2016: Steroids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876419/assessing-the-potential-of-inorganic-anions-cl-no3-so4-2-and-po4-3-to-increase-the-bioaccessibility-of-emitted-palladium-in-the-environment-experimental-studies-with-soils-and-a-pd-model-substance
#14
Fathi Zereini, Clare L S Wiseman, Jana Poprizki, Peter Albers, Wolfgang Schneider, Kerstin Leopold
Palladium (Pd) emitted from vehicles equipped with exhaust catalytic converters has been accumulating at a greater rate relative to other platinum group elements (PGE) in the last 10-20 years. Little is known, however, regarding the various environmental factors and conditions which are likely to modulate the chemical behavior and bioaccessibility of this element post-emission. To meet data needs, soils and a Pd model substance were treated with solutions containing common anions (Cl(-), NO3(-), SO4(2-) und PO4(3-)) to shed light on the geochemical behavior of emitted Pd under ambient conditions...
January 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872571/weed-species-composition-and-distribution-pattern-in-the-maize-crop-under-the-influence-of-edaphic-factors-and-farming-practices-a-case-study-from-mardan-pakistan
#15
Zeeshan Ahmad, Shujaul Mulk Khan, Elsayed Fathi Abd Allah, Abdulaziz Abdullah Alqarawi, Abeer Hashem
Weeds are unwanted plant species growing in ordinary environment. In nature there are a total of 8000 weed species out of which 250 are important for agriculture world. The present study was carried out on weed species composition and distribution pattern with special reference to edaphic factor and farming practices in maize crop of District Mardan during the months of August and September, 2014. Quadrates methods were used to assess weed species distribution in relation to edaphic factor and farming practices...
November 2016: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865014/off-on-off-red-emitting-fluorescence-indicators-for-a-narrow-ph-window
#16
Antonin Cidlina, Miroslav Miletin, Mahtab Fathi-Rasekh, Victor Nemykin, Petr Zimcik, Veronika Novakova
A unique combination of two independent mechanisms of fluorescence quenching, intramolecular charge transfer (ICT) from a peripheral donor and protonation of azomethine nitrogens in zinc tetrapyrazinoporphyrazines (TPyzPz) provides a new possibility for sensing pH in a specific range. The pH selectivity was controlled by the different basicities of the donor for ICT (dimethylaminoaryl), connected to the macrocycle by π-extended linkers of different lengths. ICT and protonation were studied in detail by photophysical, spectral (UV-Vis and MCD spectra) and electrochemical measurements that were further supported by theoretical calculations (DFT, TDDFT)...
November 16, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853693/the-satisfaction-rate-among-patients-and-surgeons-after-periareolar-surgical-approach-to-gynecomastia-along-with-liposuction
#17
Ahmad Reza Taheri, Mohamad Reza Farahvash, Hamid Reza Fathi, Koorosh Ghanbarzadeh, Bijan Faridniya
BACKGROUND: Surgery, as the main approach in higher stages of gynecomastia, has different techniques regarding the staging of the disease. The more the grade of gynecomastia, the more complicated the used surgical techniques, conventionally. This study assessed the success rate of the simplest surgical technique in higher grades of gynecology as well as the satisfaction rate in patients and surgeon to offer using the technique for higher grades of the disease. METHODS: To evaluate the success and the satisfaction rates of periareolar incision and liposuction among patients with grade II and III gynecomastia, this cross-sectional study was conducted...
September 2016: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846165/lateral-versus-anterior-approach-laparoscopic-splenectomy-a-randomized-controlled-study
#18
Adel Fathi, Osama Eldamshety, Osama Bahy, Adel Denewer, Tamer Fady, Fayez Shehatto, Ashraf Khater, Waleed Elnahas, Sameh Roshdy, Omar Farouk, Ahmed Senbel, Emad-Eldeen Hamed, Ahmed Setit
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The study compares prospectively the hospital stay and postoperative complications of anterior (ALS) versus lateral (LLS) approach for laparoscopic splenectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between September 2011 and April 2015, 94 patients with splenomegaly were referred to the surgical unit in the Oncology Center of Mansoura University, Egypt. Only 80 patients with splenomegaly <30 cm underwent an open-label randomized allocation into 2 equal parallel groups...
November 14, 2016: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824155/cucurbitacin-d-exhibits-potent-anti-cancer-activity-in-cervical-cancer
#19
Mohammed Sikander, Bilal Bin Hafeez, Shabnam Malik, Abdulrhman Alsayari, Fathi T Halaweish, Murali M Yallapu, Subhash C Chauhan, Meena Jaggi
In this study, we for the first time, investigated the potential anti-cancer effects of a novel analogue of cucurbitacin (Cucurbitacin D) against cervical cancer in vitro and in vivo. Cucurbitacin D inhibited viability and growth of cervical cancer cells (CaSki and SiHa) in a dose-dependent manner. IC50 of Cucurbitacin D was recorded at 400 nM and 250 nM in CaSki and SiHa cells, respectively. Induction of apoptosis was observed in Cucurbitacin D treated cervical cancer cells as measured by enhanced Annexin V staining and cleavage in PARP protein...
November 8, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818293/engineering-disulfide-bonds-in-selenomonas-ruminantium-%C3%AE-xylosidase-by-experimental-and-computational-methods
#20
Ehsan Dehnavi, Mehrnoosh Fathi-Roudsari, Sako Mirzaie, Seyed Shahriar Arab, Seyed Omid Ranaei Siadat, Khosro Khajeh
Homotetrameric β-xylosidase from Selenomonas ruminantium (SXA) is one of the most efficient enzymes known for the hydrolysis of cell wall hemicellulose. SXA shows a rapid rate of activity loss at temperatures above 50°C. In this study, we have introduced two inter-subunit disulfide bridges with one point mutation. Lys237 was chosen to be replaced with cysteine since it interacts with the same residue in the opposite subunit. While pH optimum, temperature profile and catalytic efficiency of the mutated variant were similar to the native enzyme, the mutated enzyme showed about 40% increase in thermal stability at 55°C...
November 3, 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
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