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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426422/morphological-re-description-of-electrotaenia-malapteruri-cestoda-proteocephalidae-and-dujardinnascaris-malapteruri-nematoda-heterocheilidae-infecting-the-electric-catfish-malapterurus-electricus-and-heavy-metal-accumulation-in-host-and-parasites-in-relation
#1
Rewaida Abdel-Gaber, Fathy Abdel-Ghaffar, Mohamed Abdallah Shazly, Kareem Morsy, Saleh Al Quraishy, Sanna Mohamed, Heinz Mehlhorn
Parasites are one of the most serious limiting factors in aquaculture. The Electric catfish Malapterurus electricus was subjected to study the prevalence and mean intensity of parasitic infections throughout the whole year of 2015. Heavy metals accumulation in host fish and parasites were determined in relation to water quality and sediments of two different sites of Lake Manzala (Manzala and Bahr El-Baqar), Egypt. A total of 100 specimens of Electric catfish were collected and examined for the presence of helminth parasites...
June 1, 2017: Acta Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426400/morphological-description-of-cosmocerca-sp-nematoda-cosmocerdidae-from-the-mascarene-grass-frog-ptychadena-cf-mascareniensis-amphibia-ptychadenidae-a-light-and-scanning-electron-microscopic-studies
#2
Rewaida Abdel-Gaber, Fathy Abdel-Ghaffar, Reem Kamel, Sherein Maher, Nashwa El Deeb, Saleh Al Quraishy, Heinz Mehlhorn
The Mascarene grass frog Ptychadena cf. mascareniensis is a species of frog with a vast area of distribution in Africa. A total of 300 frog specimens were collected from different localities at El-Giza province, Egypt; then dissected and examined for the presence of parasitic infection. Only eighty six (28.66%) specimens were found to be naturally infected with nematode parasite. Seasonally, the prevalence of infection was reached its maximum value of 74.66% during summer and minimum values of 26.66% (20/75), 13...
June 1, 2017: Acta Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424781/postembedding-decalcification-of-mineralized-tissue-sections-preserves-the-integrity-of-implanted-biomaterials-and-minimizes-number-of-experimental-animals
#3
Thaqif El Khassawna, Diaa Eldin S Daghma, Sabine Stoetzel, Seemun Ray, Stefanie Kern, Deeksha Malhan, Volker Alt, Ulrich Thormann, Anja Henß, Marcus Rohnke, Annette Stengel, Fathi Hassan, Stefan Maenz, Klaus D Jandt, Michael Diefenbeck, Matthias Schumacher, Michael Gelinsky, Katrin Susanne Lips, Christian Heiss
Bone histology of decalcified or undecalcified samples depends on the investigation. However, in research each method provides different information to answer the scientific question. Decalcification is the first step after sample fixation and governs what analysis is later feasible on the sections. Besides, decalcification is favored for immunostaining and in situ hybridization. Otherwise, sample decalcification can be damaging to bone biomaterials implants that contains calcium or strontium. On the other hand, after decalcification mineralization cannot be assessed using histology or imaging mass spectrometry...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424505/usefulness-of-serum-fetuin-a-level-as-a-marker-of-erectile-dysfunction
#4
W Kandeel, W El-Shaer, A Sebaey, A A Abou-Taleb, A Fathy, B Elmohamady, A I Mansour
This study aimed to evaluate the correlation between serum levels of fetuin-A and the presence and severity of erectile dysfunction (ED) in Egyptian population. The study was performed on 60 ED patients and 20 age-matched healthy controls. A comprehensive medical history and complete physical examination were obtained and performed in all participants. ED and its severity were assessed via International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF-5). Doppler ultrasound, fasting blood glucose level, complete lipid profile, serum total testosterone (TT) and serum fetuin-A were performed...
April 20, 2017: International Journal of Impotence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419498/perceptions-and-experiences-of-marriage-preparation-among-u-s-muslims-multiple-voices-from-the-community
#5
Amal Killawi, Elham Fathi, Iman Dadras, Manijeh Daneshpour, Arij Elmi, Hamada Altalib
Although Muslims in the United States are a growing population, there is limited research on their relational patterns and how they prepare for marriage. We conducted in-depth interviews with 32 members of the Muslim community in Southeast Michigan including married individuals, divorced individuals, therapists, and imams (Muslim religious leaders) to explore their perceptions and experiences of marriage preparation. Our analysis revealed that marriage preparation varies but is less likely to involve a requirement of premarital counseling, with imams being the primary providers, not therapists...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417216/pathogenic-mechanisms-following-ischemic-stroke
#6
REVIEW
Seyed Esmaeil Khoshnam, William Winlow, Maryam Farzaneh, Yaghoob Farbood, Hadi Fathi Moghaddam
Stroke is the second most common cause of death and the leading cause of disability worldwide. Brain injury following stroke results from a complex series of pathophysiological events including excitotoxicity, oxidative and nitrative stress, inflammation, and apoptosis. Moreover, there is a mechanistic link between brain ischemia, innate and adaptive immune cells, intracranial atherosclerosis, and also the gut microbiota in modifying the cerebral responses to ischemic insult. There are very few treatments for stroke injuries, partly owing to an incomplete understanding of the diverse cellular and molecular changes that occur following ischemic stroke and that are responsible for neuronal death...
April 17, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415463/in-vitro-characterisation-of-a-sol-gel-derived-in-situ-silica-coated-silicate-and-carbonate-co-doped-hydroxyapatite-nanopowder-for-bone-grafting
#7
Seyed Mohsen Latifi, Mohammadhossein Fathi, Ali Sharifnabi, Jaleh Varshosaz
Design and synthesis of materials with better properties and performance are essential requirements in the field of biomaterials science that would directly improve patient quality of life. For this purpose, in situ silica-coated silicate and carbonate co-doped hydroxyapatite (Sc/S.C.HA) nanopowder was synthesized via the sol-gel method. Characterisation of the prepared nanopowder was carried out by XRD, FTIR, TEM, SEM, EDX, ICP, zeta potential, acid dissolution test, and cell culture test. The substitution of the silicate and carbonate ions into hydroxyapatite structure was confirmed by FTIR analysis...
June 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408725/screening-for-developmental-delay-in-preschool-aged-children-using-parent-completed-ages-and-stages-questionnaires-additional-insights-into-child-development
#8
Soheir S Abo El Elella, Maha A M Tawfik, Wafaa Moustafa M Abo El Fotoh, Naglaa Fathy Barseem
BACKGROUND: Developmental delay is a delay in areas of speech, language, motor, social and cognitive development. Because of the negative impact of intellectual and learning disabilities, early identification of children with developmental and behavioral problems using appropriate screening tests is crucial. OBJECTIVES: Utilization of parent-completed Ages and Stages Questionnaires (ASQs) for detecting the developmental delay in preschool age children and clarification of possible associated risk factors...
April 13, 2017: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406708/pack-year-cigarette-smoking-history-for-determination-of-lung-cancer-screening-eligibility-comparison-of-the-electronic-medical-record-versus-a-shared-decision-making-conversation
#9
Hannah E Modin, Joelle T Fathi, Christopher R Gilbert, Candice L Wilshire, Andrew K Wilson, Ralph W Aye, Alexander S Farivar, Brian E Louie, Eric Vallières, Jed A Gorden
RATIONALE: Implementation of lung cancer screening programs is occurring across the United States. Programs vary in approaches to patient identification and shared decision making. The eligibility of persons referred to screening programs, the outcomes of eligibility determination during shared decision making, and the potential for the electronic medical record to identify eligible individuals have not been well described. OBJECTIVES: Our objectives were to assess the eligibility of individuals referred for lung cancer screening, and compare information extracted from the electronic medical record to information derived from a shared decision making conversation for the determination of eligibility for lung cancer screening...
April 13, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397465/variation-of-housekeeping-genes-in-clinical-isolates-and-vaccine-strains-of-bordetella-pertussis
#10
Masoumeh Fathi, Faezeh Haghighi, Fereshteh Shahcheraghi, Ebrahim Abbasi, Seyed Saeed Eshraghi, Sedighe Ghourchian, Hojjat Zeraati, Mehdi Yaseri, Masoumeh Douraghi, Fazel Shokri
BACKGROUND: Bordetella pertussis causes serious contagious infections, primarily in childhood. A whole-cell vaccine, diphtheria-tetanus-whole cell pertussis (DTwP), has been used to protect against pertussis in children in Iran, but the pertussis cases have been increasing during recent years. We determined the allelic variation level of housekeeping genes in isolates recovered from pertussis patients and vaccine strains used in national vaccination program. METHODS: Five clinical isolates, 2 vaccine strains and a Tohama I strain were studied through multilocus sequence typing (MLST) of housekeeping genes...
April 1, 2017: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392862/role-of-lncrna-af085935-il-10-and-il-17-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-c
#11
Dina Sabry, Azza Elamir, Rania Hosny Mahmoud, Ahmed Ali Abdelaziz, Wael Fathy
BACKGROUND: The current study aimed at testing the effect of corticosteroid therapy on serum levels of interleukin-10 (IL-10) and IL-17 as well as lncRNA-AF085935 in patients of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) associated with hepatitis C virus (HCV) and evaluating the usefulness of using these parameters to predict the therapeutic efficacy of steroids in these patients. METHODS: Thirty healthy control subjects and 65 chronic HCV patients with RA were included in our study...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391880/kefir-drink-causes-a-significant-yet-similar-improvement-in-serum-lipid-profile-compared-with-low-fat-milk-in-a-dairy-rich-diet-in-overweight-or-obese-premenopausal-women-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Yasamin Fathi, Naeimeh Ghodrati, Mohammad-Javad Zibaeenezhad, Shiva Faghih
BACKGROUND: Controversy exists as to whether the lipid-lowering properties of kefir drink (a fermented probiotic dairy product) in animal models could be replicated in humans. OBJECTIVE: To assess and compare the potential lipid-lowering effects of kefir drink with low-fat milk in a dairy-rich diet in overweight or obese premenopausal women. METHODS: In this 8-week, single-center, multiarm, parallel-group, outpatient, randomized controlled trial, 75 eligible Iranian women aged 25 to 45 years were randomly allocated to kefir, milk, or control groups...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387606/antimetabolites-design-synthesis-and-cytotoxic-evaluation-of-novel-dihydropyridine-thioglycosides-and-pyridine-thioglycosides
#13
Galal H Elgemeie, Nahed M Fathy, Ayman B Farag, Sheikha A Alkursani
A convenient synthesis of a novel series of dihydropyridine and pyridine thioglycosides was developed. The evaluation of anti-proliferative activity against HepG-2 cell lines (liver carcinoma cell lines) shows that most of the compounds have anti-tumor activity, especially 5b, 5f, 5j, 5n, 7b, 7f, 7j, 7n, 8b, 8f, and 8j. The results of molecular docking reveal that these compounds have high binding affinity by hydrogen bond formation with the binding pocket of thymidylate synthase dihydrofolate reductase (TS-DHFR)...
April 7, 2017: Nucleosides, Nucleotides & Nucleic Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371685/angiogenic-effects-of-low-intensity-cathodal-direct-current-on-ischemic-diabetic-foot-ulcers-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Mohammad Reza Asadi, Giti Torkaman, Mehdi Hedayati, Mohammad Reza Mohajeri-Tehrani, Mousa Ahmadi, Roghieh Fathi Gohardani
AIMS: This study investigated the effect of low-intensity cathodal direct current (CDC) of electrical stimulation (ES) on the release of hypoxic inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α), nitric oxide (NO), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and soluble VEGF receptor-2 (sVEGFR-2) in the wound fluid of ischemic diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs). METHODS: This study was a randomized, single-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Thirty type 2 diabetes patients with ischemic foot ulcerations were randomly assigned to receive either low-intensity CDC at sensory threshold (ES group, n=15) or placebo treatment (control group, n=15) for 1h/day, 3days/week, for 4weeks (12 sessions)...
March 21, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367352/statistical-methods-for-predicting-malaria-incidences-using-data-from-sudan
#15
Hamid H Hussien, Fathy H Eissa, Khidir E Awadalla
Malaria is the leading cause of illness and death in Sudan. The entire population is at risk of malaria epidemics with a very high burden on government and population. The usefulness of forecasting methods in predicting the number of future incidences is needed to motivate the development of a system that can predict future incidences. The objective of this paper is to develop applicable and understood time series models and to find out what method can provide better performance to predict future incidences level...
2017: Malaria Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366628/blood-lead-levels-in-a-group-of-children-the-potential-risk-factors-and-health-problems
#16
Mones M AbuShady, Hanan A Fathy, Gihan A Fathy, Samer Abd El Fatah, Alaa Ali, M A Abbas
OBJECTIVE: To investigate blood lead levels (BLLs) in schoolchildren in two areas of Egypt to understand the current lead pollution exposure and its risk factors, aiming to improve prevention politicies. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: This was a cross-sectional study in children (n=400) aged 6-12 years recruited from two areas in Egypt (industrial and urban). BLLs were measured using an atomic absorption method. Detailed questionnaires on sources of lead exposure and history of school performance and any behavioral changes were obtained...
March 30, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363653/dithiocarbamate-to-modify-magnetic-graphene-oxide-nanocomposite-fe3o4-go-a-new-strategy-for-covalent-enzyme-lipase-immobilization-to-fabrication-a-new-nanobiocatalyst-for-enzymatic-hydrolysis-of-pnpd
#17
Mohammad Heidarizadeh, Esmail Doustkhah, Sadegh Rostamnia, Parisa Fathi Rezaei, Farshad Darvishi Harzevili, Behzad Zeynizadeh
Immobilization of lipase was successfully achieved on the surface of magnetically separable Fe3O4/graphene oxide (GO) via a post-modification. This post modification was achieved in alternation to glutaraldehyde post-modification. The activity of immobilized lipase had not a significant loss in the activity while on the other hand, it is simply extractable (by keeping its major activity) from reaction crude by a magnet. Each step of immobilization was carefully monitored by characterization and all were successfully proved...
March 29, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363019/low-temperature-synchrotron-photoionization-study-of-2-methyl-3-buten-2-ol-mbo-oxidation-initiated-by-o-3-p-atoms-in-the-298-650-k-range
#18
Yasmin Fathi, Chelsea Price, Giovanni Meloni
This work studies the oxidation of 2-methyl-3-buten-2-ol initiated by O((3)P) atoms. The oxidation was investigated at room temperature, 550, and 650 K. Using the synchrotron radiation from the Advanced Light Source (ALS) of the Lawrence Berkley National Laboratory, reaction intermediates and products were studied by multiplexed photoionization mass spectrometry. Mass-to-charge ratios, kinetic time traces, photoionization spectra, and adiabatic ionization energies for each primary reaction species were obtained and used to characterize their identity...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358088/planetary-science-reckless-orbiting-in-the-solar-system
#19
Helena Morais, Fathi Namouni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 29, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349493/effect-of-nigella-sativa-seed-administration-on-prevention-of-febrile-neutropenia-during-chemotherapy-among-children-with-brain-tumors
#20
HebatAlla Fathi Mohamed Mousa, Nesrin Kamal Abd-El-Fatah, Olfat Abdel-Hamid Darwish, Shehata Farag Shehata, Shady Hassan Fadel
PURPOSE: Seeds of Nigella sativa (NS) are used to combat various disease conditions through their antibacterial effects. To evaluate the seeds' potential, we studied their effect on the prevention of febrile neutropenia (FN) in children with brain tumors. METHODS: A randomized pretest-post-test control group study including 80 children (2-18 years) with brain tumors undergoing chemotherapy were equally allocated into two groups. Intervention group received 5 g of NS seeds daily throughout treatment while controls received nothing...
March 27, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
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