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swine flu

Surendra Kumar
BACKROUND: The outbreak of H1N1 virus had previously reported in India during 2009 flu pandemic. In 2015, the outbreak became widespread throughout India. The states of Gujarat and Rajasthan are severely elected. We studied an outbreak of H1N1 Virus in north-west zone of Rajasthan 2015. OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the current epidemiological scenario of swine flu (H1N1) in north-west zone of Rajasthan with different demographic factors. METHODS: We screened total 6390 patients...
July 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Tiziano Gaiotto, Simon E Hufton
Cross-neutralising monoclonal antibodies against influenza hemagglutinin (HA) are of considerable interest as both therapeutics and diagnostic tools. We have recently described five different single domain antibodies (nanobodies) which share this cross-neutralising activity and suggest their small size, high stability, and cleft binding properties may present distinct advantages over equivalent conventional antibodies. We have used yeast display in combination with deep mutational scanning to give residue level resolution of positions in the antibody-HA interface which are crucial for binding...
2016: PloS One
Maheswata Sahoo, Lingaraja Jena, Surya Narayan Rath, Satish Kumar
The influenza A (H1N1) virus, also known as swine flu is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality since 2009. There is a need to explore novel anti-viral drugs for overcoming the epidemics. Traditionally, different plant extracts of garlic, ginger, kalmegh, ajwain, green tea, turmeric, menthe, tulsi, etc. have been used as hopeful source of prevention and treatment of human influenza. The H1N1 virus contains an important glycoprotein, known as neuraminidase (NA) that is mainly responsible for initiation of viral infection and is essential for the life cycle of H1N1...
September 2016: Genomics & Informatics
S P Abiramy, K Vengadakrishnan, Priyadharshini, Aishwarya
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Jacqui Wise
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Amita Kashyap, Monika Rathore, Ashok Panagariya
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Annals of Neurosciences
Daniel B Hawcutt, Nicki-Jayne Russell, Hannah Maqsood, Koushan Kouranloo, Simon Gomberg, Catriona Waitt, Andrew Sharp, Andrew Riordan, Mark A Turner
AIMS: The UK Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) runs a national spontaneous reporting system (Yellow Card [YC] Scheme) to collect 'suspected' adverse drug reaction (ADR) data. We aim to describe the content and utility of YC reports received for patients aged <2 years. METHODS: Data on all ADRs reported using YC in Infants aged <2 years from the years 2001-10 were supplied by the MHRA. RESULTS: For infants age <2 years, 3496 suspected ADRs were reported using YC (Paternal medication pre-conception n = 3, transplacental n = 246, transmammary n = 30, neonates n = 97, infant n = 477, and vaccinations n = 2673), averaging 0...
September 6, 2016: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Nicholas J Silvestri, Gil I Wolfe, David Lacomis, Mark B Bromberg
The Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is one of the few neuropathies well known to the general public, in part because of its association with swine flu vaccinations in 1976. GBS has again reached the general public with its possible association with Zika virus. The virus, borne by infected Aedes aegypti mosquitos, is being linked to birth defects when pregnant women are bitten and infected. There are early reports also linking GBS to Zika infection, which could expose a wider range of infected people to the neuropathy...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Neuromuscular Disease
Jürgen Maurer, Katherine M Harris
This paper studies consumer learning in influenza vaccination decisions. We examine consumer learning in influenza vaccine demand within a reduced form instrumental variable framework that exploits differences in risk characteristics of different influenza viruses as a natural experiment to distinguish the effects of learning based on previous influenza vaccination experiences from unobserved heterogeneity. The emergence of a new virus strain (influenza A H1N1/09) during the 2009 'Swine flu' pandemic resulted in two different vaccines being recommended for distinct population subgroups with some people, who were not usually targeted by seasonal vaccination programs, being specifically recommended for the new Swine flu vaccine...
September 2016: Health Economics
Prashant Mishra, Upendra Singh Bhadauria, Pralhad L Dasar, Sandesh N, Sandeep Kumar, Afsheen Lalani, Pubali Sarkar, Astha Chauhan, Shaijal Godha, Shaleen Vyas
BACKGROUND: Flu is one of the oldest medical concerns, causing high mortality rates among humans. Swine flu has not only emerged as a fatal disease omong Indian population but has also created havoc among various sections of society. OBJECTIVE: To determine Knowledge, Attitude and Anxiety towards pandemic flu a potential bioweapon among health care professionals in Indore City. METHOD: The study design used was a cross sectional descriptive study was carried out between February-March 2015 during the outbreak of Swine Flu...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Benedicte Carlsen, Claire Glenton
BACKGROUND: During pandemics, health authorities may be uncertain about the spread and severity of the disease and the effectiveness and safety of available interventions. This was the case during the swine flu (H1N1) pandemic of 2009-2010, and governments were forced to make decisions despite these uncertainties. While many countries chose to implement wide scale vaccination programmes, few accomplished their vaccination goals. Many research studies aiming to explore barriers and facilitators to vaccine uptake have been conducted in the aftermath of the pandemic, including several qualitative studies...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
E Alfinito, M Beccaria, G Macorini
The extreme vulnerability of humans to new and old pathogens is constantly highlighted by unbound outbreaks of epidemics. This vulnerability is both direct, producing illness in humans (dengue, malaria), and also indirect, affecting its supplies (bird and swine flu, Pierce disease, and olive quick decline syndrome). In most cases, the pathogens responsible for an illness spread through vectors. In general, disease evolution may be an uncontrollable propagation or a transient outbreak with limited diffusion...
2016: Scientific Reports
Jeremy K Ward
In this article I discuss the definition of "the Antivaccine Movement" using the case of the French controversy over the safety of the 2009 pandemic flu vaccine. I show that the group of main actors who criticized the vaccine's safety is heterogeneous. This heterogeneity can be found in the type of arguments mobilized to question the vaccine's safety and in these actors' likelihood of being involved in any vaccine-related controversies. I show that only a minority of these actors rejected vaccination in general and mobilized against all vaccination campaigns...
June 2016: Social Science & Medicine
Jagadish Hiremath, Kyung-il Kang, Ming Xia, Mohamed Elaish, Basavaraj Binjawadagi, Kang Ouyang, Santosh Dhakal, Jesus Arcos, Jordi B Torrelles, X Jiang, Chang Won Lee, Gourapura J Renukaradhya
Pigs are believed to be one of the important sources of emerging human and swine influenza viruses (SwIV). Influenza virus conserved peptides have the potential to elicit cross-protective immune response, but without the help of potent adjuvant and delivery system they are poorly immunogenic. Biodegradable polylactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA) nanoparticle (PLGA-NP) based vaccine delivery system enhances cross-presentation of antigens by the professional antigen presenting cells. In this study, Norovirus P particle containing SwIV M2e (extracellular domain of the matrix protein 2) chimera and highly conserved two each of H1N1 peptides of pandemic 2009 and classical human influenza viruses were entrapped in PLGA-NPs...
2016: PloS One
Nishtha Singh, Sheetu Singh, Bharat Bhushan Sharma, Virendra Singh
Swine flu influenza had spread the world over in 2009. The main pathology was bilateral pneumonia. Majority of these cases recovered from pneumonia fully. Though in some cases, pulmonary fibrosis was reported as a sequel. However, long-term progression of such pulmonary fibrosis is uncertain. We are hereby reporting two cases of swine flu that showed residual pulmonary fibrosis. The clinical and laboratory parameters were also recorded. In both the cases, radiological shadows and spirometric values did not show deterioration...
March 2016: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
Anahi Sy, Hugo Spinelli
The current study addresses social representations of the influenza A (H1N1) epidemic in Argentina in 2009, in the country's mainstream newspapers. The methodology was twofold, qualitative and quantitative, with an analysis of two dimensions: the construction of the epidemic as an "object" (designation and characterization) and the sources of information in the news stories, seeking to identify the social actors involved in each case. The results show that designating the epidemic as "H1N1" rather than "swine flu" was a conscious political decision to exempt a hazardous form of livestock production from its role in the disease, while focusing responsibility on individual patients...
March 2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Shintaro Suzuki, Akihiko Tanaka, Yosuke Fukuda, Yoshito Miyata, Yasunori Murata, Yasunari Kishino-Oki, Tetsuya Homma, Tsukasa Ohnishi, Hironori Sagara
A 79-year-old man experienced severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and was receiving treatment for ischemic heart disease. Starting from dizziness and chilliness, he lost consciousness after few days. He was taken to our emergency department. On initial evaluation, he complained of dyspnea and was afebrile with a pulse rate, blood pressure, and respiratory rate of 105 beats/min, 112/98mmHg, and 28 breath/min, respectively. His respiratory sounds were clear and chest radiography did not show any abnormal shadows, but his arterial blood gas examination showed type II respiratory failure...
January 2016: Kansenshōgaku Zasshi. the Journal of the Japanese Association for Infectious Diseases
Varun Dwivedi, Cordelia Manickam, Santosh Dhakal, Basavaraj Binjawadagi, Kang Ouyang, Jagadish Hiremath, Mahesh Khatri, Jacquelyn Gervay Hague, Chang Won Lee, Gourapura J Renukaradhya
Pigs are considered as the source of some of the emerging human flu viruses. Inactivated swine influenza virus (SwIV) vaccine has been in use in the US swine herds, but it failed to control the flu outbreaks. The main reason has been attributed to lack of induction of strong local mucosal immunity in the respiratory tract. Invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cell is a unique T cell subset, and activation of iNKT cell using its ligand α-Galactosylceramide (α-GalCer) has been shown to potentiate the cross-protective immunity to inactivated influenza virus vaccine candidates in mice...
April 15, 2016: Veterinary Microbiology
Samantha F Bordonaro, Daniel C McGillicuddy, Francesco Pompei, Dmitriy Burmistrov, Charles Harding, Leon D Sanchez
BACKGROUND: The emergency department (ED) increasingly acts as a gateway to the evaluation and treatment of acute illnesses. Consequently, it has also become a key testing ground for systems that monitor and identify outbreaks of disease. Here, we describe a new technology that automatically collects body temperatures during triage. The technology was tested in an ED as an approach to monitoring diseases that cause fever, such as seasonal flu and some pandemics. METHODS: Temporal artery thermometers that log temperature measurements were placed in a Boston ED and used for initial triage vital signs...
2016: BMC Emergency Medicine
Suneesh Anand, Divya Jayakumar, Wilbert S Aronow, Dipak Chandy
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) provides complete or partial support of the heart and lungs. Ever since its inception in the 1960s, it has been used across all age groups in the management of refractory respiratory failure and cardiogenic shock. While it has gained widespread acceptance in the neonatal and pediatric physician community, ECMO remains a controversial therapy for Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) in adults. Its popularity was revived during the swine flu (H1N1) pandemic and advancements in technology have contributed to its increasing usage...
2016: Hospital Practice (Minneapolis)
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