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pulmonary obstruction disease

T Zhang, C Zhang, R-X Chen, B Shao, G-A Liu
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship of obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) with coronary artery lesion quantitative score Syntax Score (SX score) and risk factors for coronary heart disease (CHD). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 115 patients with OSAHS admitted to the Department of Cardiology in our hospital from January 2011 to June 2015 were selected. Philips Respironics Alice 5 Polysomnography was used for sleep monitoring...
March 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
F Cobo, A Sampedro, J Rodríguez-Granger, L Aliaga-Martínez, J M Navarro-Marí
The clinical and microbiological characteristics of pleuro-pulmonary infection (PPI) caused by Streptococcus intermedius is described, including 6 cases in the literature and 9 cases handled at the present centre. Out of the 15 patients, 12 were male; mean age at diagnosis was 62.06 ± 15 years. Twelve had risk factors for S. intermedius infection such as alcoholism in 5 (35.7%) patients, periodontal disease in 3 (24.6%) cases, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in 3 (24.6%), and diabetes mellitus in 2 (14...
March 22, 2018: Revista Española de Quimioterapia: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Quimioterapia
R Q Graumam, M M Pinheiro, L E Nery, C H M Castro
A very high rate of osteoporosis, fractures, and low lean mass was observed in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Disease severity was associated with bone and muscle adverse outcomes, while age ≥ 63.5 years old, low lean mass, higher iPTH, and a T-score below - 2.5 were all associated with higher risk of fracture. INTRODUCTION: Osteoporosis is frequently neglected in patients with COPD. We aimed at evaluating the rate of osteoporosis, fractures, and low lean mass in patients with COPD...
March 21, 2018: Osteoporosis International
Jun-Il Yoo, Yong-Chan Ha
Sarcopenia was listed in the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-10-CM) as M62.84, on October 1, 2016. Sarcopenia is primarily associated with metabolic diseases, such as diabetes, obesity, and cachexia, as well as chronic renal failure, congestive heart failure, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Sarcopenia is also significantly associated with osteoporosis in elderly populations and the combined disease is defined as osteosarcopenia. Several studies have confirmed that sarcopenia and osteoporosis (osteosarcopenia) share common risk factors and biological pathways...
February 2018: Journal of Bone Metabolism
Bita Hajian, Jan De Backer, Wim Vos, Wouter H van Geffen, Paul De Winter, Omar Usmani, Tony Cahn, Huib Am Kerstjens, Massimo Pistolesi, Wilfried De Backer
Introduction: Severe exacerbations associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) that require hospitalization significantly contribute to morbidity and mortality. Definitions for exacerbations are very broad, and it is unclear whether there is one predominant underlying mechanism that leads to them. Functional respiratory imaging (FRI) with modeling provides detailed information about airway resistance, hyperinflation, and ventilation-perfusion (V/Q) mismatch during and following an acute exacerbation...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Signe B Bentsen, Christine Miaskowski, Bruce A Cooper, Vivi L Christensen, Anne H Henriksen, Are M Holm, Tone Rustøen
Background: Few studies have examined changes in the pain experience of patients with COPD and predictors of pain in these patients. Objectives: The objectives of the study were to examine whether distinct groups of COPD patients could be identified based on changes in the occurrence and severity of pain over 12 months and to evaluate whether these groups differed on demographic, clinical, and pain characteristics, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Patients and methods: A longitudinal study of 267 COPD patients with very severe COPD was conducted...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
A M Nordenskjöld, T Baron, K M Eggers, T Jernberg, B Lindahl
BACKGROUND: Myocardial infarction (MI) with non-obstructive coronary arteries (MINOCAs) is an increasingly recognized entity. No previous study has evaluated predictors for new major adverse cardiacvascular events (MACEs) and death in patients with MINOCA. METHODS: We conducted an observational study of MINOCA patients recorded between July 2003 and June 2013 and followed until December 2013 for outcome events. Out of 199,163 MI admissions, 9092 consecutive unique patients with MINOCA were identified...
March 14, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
F Li, Z Sun, H Li, T Yang, Z Shi
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a leading cause of hospital admissions, which can result in a significant financial burden. OBJECTIVE: To determine hospitalisation costs and factors associated with higher costs in patients with acute exacerbations of COPD (AE-COPD). DESIGN: Patients hospitalised for a whole year formed the study cohort. Demographic features, clinical data and hospitalisation bills were evaluated retrospectively...
April 1, 2018: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Xu Wang, Xiaochang Zhang, Lina Jin, Zhiguang Yang, Wei Li, Jiuwei Cui
OBJECTIVE: Early detection and diagnosis of lung cancer remain challenging but would improve patient prognosis. The goal of this study is to develop a model to estimate the risk of lung cancer for a given individual. METHODS: We conducted a case-control study to develop a predictive model to identify individuals at high risk for lung cancer. Clinical data from 500 lung cancer patients and 500 population-based age- and gender-matched controls were used to develop and evaluate the model...
February 28, 2018: Cancer Biomarkers: Section A of Disease Markers
Y Q Zhu, S P Ma, B Li, C Y Zheng, J Ma
Objective: To investigate the serum level of interleukin-38 (IL-38) and its clinical significance in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Methods: Totally 72 patients with acute exacerbation of COPD (AECOPD group) and 65 patients with stable COPD (S-COPD group) were recruited from Tianjin Chest Hospital from June 2016 to August 2017. In the same period 40 elderly healthy subjects were selected as control group (C group). The general data and laboratory examination results of these subjects were recorded...
March 13, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Carlos Arturo Alvarez-Moreno, Jorge Alberto Cortes, David W Denning
Data with respect to the epidemiological situation of fungal diseases in Colombia is scarce. Thus, the aim of this study is to estimate the burden of fungal infections. A population projection for 2017 from the Colombian Department for National Statistics was used, as well as official information from the Ministry of Health and National Institute of Health. A bibliographical search for Colombian data on mycotic diseases and population at risk (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, HIV infection/AIDS, cancer, and transplant patients) was done...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
Eric Dietrich, Kenneth P Klinker, Julius Li, Cynthia T Nguyen, David Quillen, Kyle A Davis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 20, 2018: American Journal of Therapeutics
Jennifer L Perret, Melanie C Matheson, Lyle C Gurrin, David P Johns, John A Burgess, Bruce R Thompson, Adrian J Lowe, James Markos, Stephen S Morrison, Christine F McDonald, Richard Wood-Baker, Cecilie Svanes, Paul S Thomas, John L Hopper, Graham G Giles, Michael J Abramson, E Haydn Walters, Shyamali C Dharmage
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has potential origins in childhood but an association between childhood measles and post-bronchodilator (BD) airflow obstruction (AO) has not yet been shown. We investigated whether childhood measles contributed to post-BD AO through interactions with asthma and/or smoking in a non-immunized middle-aged population. METHODS: The population-based Tasmanian Longitudinal Health Study (TAHS) cohort born in 1961 (n = 8583) underwent spirometry in 1968 before immunization was introduced...
March 20, 2018: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
Lauren R Klein, Marc L Martel, Brian E Driver, Mackenzie Reing, Jon B Cole
Introduction: A subset of frequent users of emergency services are those who use the emergency department (ED) for acute alcohol intoxication. This population and their ED encounters have not been previously described. Methods: This was a retrospective, observational, cohort study of patients presenting to the ED for acute alcohol intoxication between 2012 and 2016. We collected all data from the electronic medical record. Frequent users for alcohol intoxication were defined as those with greater than 20 visits for acute intoxication without additional medical chief complaints in the previous 12 months...
March 2018: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
Steven J Pascoe, Wei Wu, Kathryn A Collison, Linda M Nelsen, Keele E Wurst, Laurie A Lee
Background: There is no consensus on how to define patients with symptoms of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). A diagnosis of asthma-COPD overlap (ACO) syndrome has been proposed, but its value is debated. This study (GSK Study 201703 [NCT02302417]) investigated the ability of statistical modeling approaches to define distinct disease groups in patients with obstructive lung disease (OLD) using medical history and spirometric data. Methods: Patients aged ≥18 years with diagnoses of asthma and/or COPD were categorized into three groups: 1) asthma (nonobstructive; reversible), 2) ACO (obstructive; reversible), and 3) COPD (obstructive; nonreversible)...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Bon-Hee Gu, Matthew C Madison, David Corry, Farrah Kheradmand
Multicellular organisms synthesize and renew components of their subcellular and scaffolding proteins, collectively known as the extracellular matrix molecules (ECMs). In the lung, ECMs maintain tensile strength, elasticity, and dictate the specialized function of multiple cell lineages. These functions are critical in lung homeostatic processes including cellular migration and proliferation during morphogenesis or in response to repair. Alterations in lung ECMs that expose cells to new cryptic fragments, generated in response to endogenous proteinases or exogenous toxins, are associated with the development of several common respiratory diseases...
March 17, 2018: Matrix Biology: Journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology
Alexander Fisher, Leon Fisher, Wichat Srikusalanukul, Paul N Smith
INTRODUCTION: The data on predictive value of the routinely obtained preoperative biochemical parameters in hip fracture (HF) patients are limited. The aims of this study were to examine in older HF patients (1) the relationships between a broad set of routine laboratory parameters at admission and in-hospital mortality, and (2) evaluate the prognostic value the biomarkers and clinical characteristics (alone or in combination) provide to predict a fatal outcome. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In 1820 consecutive patients with low-trauma osteoporotic HF aged >60 years (mean age 82...
March 8, 2018: Injury
Zili Zhang, Jian Wang, Wenju Lu
Exposure to nitrogen dioxide (NO2 ) has long been linked to elevated mortality and morbidity from epidemiological evidences. However, questions remain unclear whether NO2 acts directly on human health or being an indicator of other ambient pollutants. In this study, random-effect meta-analyses were performed on examining exposure to nitrogen oxide (NOx ) and its association with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The overall relative risk (RR) of COPD risk related to a 10 μg/m3 increase in NO2 exposure increased by 2...
March 20, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Yan Yan, Li Liu, Jing Zeng, Liang Zhang
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to improve the management quality of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in rural areas. METHODS: Two hundred forty discharged COPD patients were divided into an intervention group and a control group. In the intervention group, 120 patients established contact with doctors through the network consulting room, namely doctor's mobile platform, and were managed through video, voice, and text by the doctors, and kept in close contact with the doctors after discharge (education, consultation), and received electronic prescriptions, and drugs were sent to the door by online retailers...
March 20, 2018: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
Jes M Sanders, Alexandra B Steverson, Anna E Pawlowski, Daniel Schneider, Chad J Achenbach, Donald M Lloyd-Jones, Matthew J Feinstein
BACKGROUND: Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Infected (HIV+) persons have elevated risks for various manifestations of cardiovascular disease (CVD). No studies to our knowledge have compared atrial fibrillation (AF) and atrial flutter (AFL) prevalence and associated characteristics for HIV+ persons and matched uninfected controls. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Persons with diagnoses of HIV receiving care at a large urban academic medical center were frequency-matched 1:2 on age, sex, race, zip code, and clinic location with uninfected persons...
2018: PloS One
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