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Forough Ghasemi, M Reza Hormozi-Nezhad, Morteza Mahmoudi
Monitoring the ratio of 40- and 42-residue amyloid β peptides (i.e., Aβ40 and Aβ42) in human plasma is considered one of the hallmarks of detection of the early stage of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Therefore, development of a specific, yet non-antibody-based method for simultaneous detection of Aβ40 and Aβ42 may have considerable clinical applications. Here, we developed a 'nanoparticle-based colorimetric sensor array' utilizing label-free gold and silver nanoparticles for visual detection of Aβ42 and Aβ40...
March 21, 2018: Nanoscale
Adi L Tarca, Xiaofeng Gong, Roberto Romero, Wenxin Yang, Zhongqu Duan, Hao Yang, Chengfang Zhang, Peixuan Wang
Crowdsourcing has emerged as a framework to address methodological challenges in omics data analysis and assess the extent to which omics data are predictive of phenotypes of interest. The sbv IMPROVER Systems Toxicology Challenge was designed to leverage crowdsourcing to determine whether human blood gene expression levels are informative of current and past smoking. Participating teams were invited to use a training gene expression dataset to derive parsimonious models (up to 40 genes) that can accurately classify subjects into exposure groups: smokers, former smokers that quit for at least one year, and never-smokers...
February 2018: Computational Toxicology
Cem Gabay, Jérôme Msihid, Moshe Zilberstein, Caroline Paccard, Yong Lin, Neil M H Graham, Anita Boyapati
Introduction: Interleukin-6 (IL-6) orchestrates formation of an inflammatory pannus, leading to joint damage in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Sarilumab is a human monoclonal antibody blocking the IL-6Rα. In TARGET (NCT01709578), a phase 3 study in adults with moderate-to-severe RA and inadequate response or intolerance to tumour necrosis factor inhibitors, subcutaneous sarilumab 200 mg or 150 mg every 2 weeks (q2w) plus conventional synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (csDMARDs) significantly reduced disease activity versus placebo plus csDMARDs...
2018: RMD Open
Margherita Ruoppolo, Marianna Caterino, Lucia Albano, Rita Pecce, Maria Grazia Di Girolamo, Daniela Crisci, Michele Costanzo, Luigi Milella, Flavia Franconi, Ilaria Campesi
Sex differences affect several diseases and are organ-and parameter-specific. In humans and animals, sex differences also influence the metabolism and homeostasis of amino acids and fatty acids, which are linked to the onset of diseases. Thus, the use of targeted metabolite profiles in tissues represents a powerful approach to examine the intermediary metabolism and evidence for any sex differences. To clarify the sex-specific activities of liver, heart and kidney tissues, we used targeted metabolomics, linear discriminant analysis (LDA), principal component analysis (PCA), cluster analysis and linear correlation models to evaluate sex and organ-specific differences in amino acids, free carnitine and acylcarnitine levels in male and female Sprague-Dawley rats...
March 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
Jyoti Singh Kirar, R K Agrawal
This paper presents a novel algorithm (CVSTSCSP) for determining discriminative features from an optimal combination of temporal, spectral and spatial information for motor imagery brain computer interfaces. The proposed method involves four phases. In the first phase, EEG signal is segmented into overlapping time segments and bandpass filtered through frequency filter bank of variable size subbands. In the next phase, features are extracted from the segmented and filtered data using stationary common spatial pattern technique (SCSP) that can handle the non- stationarity and artifacts of EEG signal...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Medical Systems
Xue Chen, Xiaohui Li, Sibo Yang, Xin Yu, Aichun Liu
Lymphoma is a significant cancer that affects the human lymphatic and hematopoietic systems. In this work, discrimination of lymphoma using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) conducted on whole blood samples is presented. The whole blood samples collected from lymphoma patients and healthy controls are deposited onto standard quantitative filter papers and ablated with a 1064 nm Q-switched Nd:YAG laser. 16 atomic and ionic emission lines of calcium (Ca), iron (Fe), magnesium (Mg), potassium (K) and sodium (Na) are selected to discriminate the cancer disease...
March 1, 2018: Biomedical Optics Express
Ping Zhang, Lihong Xu
Complicated image scene of the agricultural greenhouse plant images makes it very difficult to obtain precise manual labeling, leading to the hardship of getting the accurate training set of the conditional random field (CRF). Considering this problem, this paper proposed an unsupervised conditional random field image segmentation algorithm ULCRF (Unsupervised Learning Conditional Random Field), which can perform fast unsupervised segmentation of greenhouse plant images, and further the plant organs in the image, i...
March 13, 2018: Scientific Reports
Łukasz Szeleszczuk, Dariusz Maciej Pisklak, Monika Zielińska-Pisklak
The aim of this study was to determine whether the periodic density functional theory (DFT) calculations can be used for accurate prediction of the influence of the increased pressure on crystal structure and stability of molecular solids. To achieve this goal a series of geometry optimization and thermodynamic parameters calculations were performed for γ-glycine and δ-glycine structures at different pressure values using CASTEP program. In order to perform most accurate geometry optimization various exchange-correlation functionals defined within generalized gradient approximation (GGA): PBE, PW91, RPBE, WC, PBESOL as well as defined within local density approximation (LDA), i...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Computational Chemistry
Hongzhi Qi, Yuqi Xue, Lichao Xu, Yong Cao, Xuejun Jiao
P300 spellers are among the most popular brain-computer interface paradigms, and they are used for many clinical applications. However, building the classifier for identifying event-related potential (ERP) responses, i.e., calibrating the P300 speller, is still a time-consuming and user-dependent problem. This paper proposes a novel method to reduce calibration times significantly. In the proposed method, a small number of ERP epochs from the current user were used to build a reference epoch. Based on this reference, the Riemannian distance measurement was used to select similar ERP samples from an existing data pool, which contained other-subject ERP responses...
March 2018: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
Weiwei He, Long Luo, Qingyun Liu, Zhengbo Chen
In the present work, we report a novel colorimetric sensor array for rapid identification of heavy metal ions. Three kinds of thiols were used as sensing elements. Due to the different binding ability between thiols and metal ions affected by sulfhy-dryl group, as well as carboxyl group and amino group, the activity of urease changed from inactivation by urease-metal ion pairs to the recovery to different degrees, which led to diversified colorimetric response patterns when interacting with eleven metal ions...
March 9, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
Ya Cheng, Xianlong Wang, Jie Zhang, Kaishuai Yang, Chuanguo Zhang, Zhi Zeng, Haiqing Lin
Pressure-induced spin crossover behaviors of Fe-bearing MgO were widely investigated by using LDA+U functional for describing the strongly correlated Fe-O bonding. Moreover, the simulated spin crossover pressures depend on the applied U values, which are sensitive to environments and parameters. In this work, the spin crossover pressures of (Mg1-x,Fex)O are investigated by using the hybrid functional with a uniform parameter. Our results indicate that the spin crossover pressures increase with the iron concentration increasing...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
Ana C O Neves, Camilo L M Morais, Thais P P Mendes, Boniek G Vaz, Kássio M G Lima
Cervical cancer is still an important issue of public health since it is the fourth most frequent type of cancer in women worldwide. Much effort has been dedicated to combating this cancer, in particular by the early detection of cervical pre-cancerous lesions. For this purpose, this paper reports the use of mass spectrometry coupled with multivariate analysis as an untargeted lipidomic approach to classifying 76 blood plasma samples into negative for intraepithelial lesion or malignancy (NILM, n = 42) and squamous intraepithelial lesion (SIL, n = 34)...
March 2, 2018: Scientific Reports
Matthias Guggenmos, Philipp Sterzer, Radoslaw Martin Cichy
Multivariate pattern analysis (MVPA) methods such as decoding and representational similarity analysis (RSA) are growing rapidly in popularity for the analysis of magnetoencephalography (MEG) data. However, little is known about the relative performance and characteristics of the specific dissimilarity measures used to describe differences between evoked activation patterns. Here we used a multisession MEG data set to qualitatively characterize a range of dissimilarity measures and to quantitatively compare them with respect to decoding accuracy (for decoding) and between-session reliability of representational dissimilarity matrices (for RSA)...
February 27, 2018: NeuroImage
Katharina Druckenmüller, Klaus Günther, Gereon Elbers
Intensive poultry operation systems emit a considerable volume of inorganic and organic matter in the surrounding environment. Monitoring cleaning properties of exhaust air cleaning systems and to detect small but significant changes in emission characteristics during a fattening cycle is important for both emission and fattening process control. In the present study, we evaluated the potential of near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) combined with chemometric techniques as a monitoring tool of exhaust air from poultry operation systems...
February 24, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Monika M Schoels, Uriel Landesmann, Farideh Alasti, Daniel Baker, Josef S Smolen, Daniel Aletaha
Objectives: In PsA management, remission and low disease activity represent preferential treatment targets. We aimed at evaluating the predictive value and clinical use of initial therapeutic response for subsequent achievement of these targets. Methods: Based on data of 216 patients enrolled in a randomized controlled trial of golimumab (GO-REVEAL), we performed diagnostic testing analyses using 3- and 6-month disease activity as tests for treatment outcomes to understand the implications of early response...
February 22, 2018: Rheumatology
Hassan Bassiouni, Catherine Elizabeth Spargo, Bonnie Vlahos, Heather E Jones, Ron Pedersen, Khalid Shirazy
INTRODUCTION: To compare etanercept (ETN) and placebo (PBO) for maintaining low disease activity (LDA) achieved with ETN in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) from Africa and the Middle East. METHODS: In this subset analysis of the Treat-to-Target trial ( identifier NCT01981473), 53 adult patients with moderate-to-severe RA nonresponsive to methotrexate were treated with 50 mg ETN/week for 24 weeks (Period 1). Patients achieving LDA were randomized to continue ETN treatment or switched to PBO for an additional 28 weeks (Period 2)...
February 26, 2018: Rheumatology and Therapy
Fabio Massimo Perrotta, Antonia De Socio, Silvia Scriffignano, Ennio Lubrano
The aim of this study was to evaluate the residual disease activity (RDA) and function in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients treated with subcutaneous biologic drugs that achieved a status of remission and low disease activity (LDA) according to the various indices validated for RA and to explore the factors associated with RDA. We consecutively enrolled RA patients that started a new subcutaneous biologic treatment. At baseline and after 3 and 6 months of treatment, we assessed the rate of patients that achieved remission or LDA using the Disease Activity Score on 28 joints, Clinical Disease Activity Index, Simplified Disease Activity Index, and American College of Rheumatology/European League Against Rheumatism remission criteria...
February 21, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
Juan Fernandez Afonso, Andrii Sotnikov, J Kunes
We use the LDA+U approach to search for possible ordered ground states of LaSrCoO<sub>4</sub>. We find a staggered arrangement of magnetic multipoles to be stable over a broad range of Co $3d$ interaction parameters. This ordered state can be described as a spin-denity-wave-type condensate of <i>d</i><sub>xy</sub> <i>×</i><sub>x^2-y^2</sub> excitons carrying spin S=1. 
 Further, we construct an effective strong-coupling model, calculate the exciton dispersion and investigate closing for the exciton gap, which marks the exciton 
 condensation instability...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
Andrea Crespo, Daniel Álvarez, Leila Kheirandish-Gozal, Gonzalo C Gutiérrez-Tobal, Ana Cerezo-Hernández, David Gozal, Roberto Hornero, Félix Del Campo
PURPOSE: A variety of statistical models based on overnight oximetry has been proposed to simplify the detection of children with suspected obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). Despite the usefulness reported, additional thorough comparative analyses are required. This study was aimed at assessing common binary classification models from oximetry for the detection of childhood OSAS. METHODS: Overnight oximetry recordings from 176 children referred for clinical suspicion of OSAS were acquired during in-lab polysomnography...
February 16, 2018: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
Bruno Fautrel
Once remission or low disease activity (LDA) is attained in established rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients, attempting disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drug (DMARD) tapering appears to be a viable option to avoid patient overtreatment. Potential benefits include reduction in the treatment burden and the risk of adverse events, although the latter has not been demonstrated convincingly.The feasibility of DMARD discontinuation has been tested in numerous studies or trials. All have revealed a high risk of relapse, ranging from 56% to 87% at one year...
February 13, 2018: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
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