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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774624/what-does-it-take-to-stress-a-word-digital-manipulation-of-stress-markers-in-ataxic-dysarthria
#1
Anja Lowit, Tolulope Ijitona, Anja Kuschmann, Stephen Corson, John Soraghan
BACKGROUND: Stress production is important for effective communication, but this skill is frequently impaired in people with motor speech disorders. The literature reports successful treatment of these deficits in this population, thus highlighting the therapeutic potential of this area. However, no specific guidance is currently available to clinicians about whether any of the stress markers are more effective than others, to what degree they have to be manipulated, and whether strategies need to differ according to the underlying symptoms...
May 18, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767431/vocal-repertoire-of-free-ranging-adult-golden-snub-nosed-monkeys-rhinopithecus-roxellana
#2
Penglai Fan, Xuecong Liu, Ruoshuang Liu, Fang Li, Tianpeng Huang, Feng Wu, Hui Yao, Dingzhen Liu
Vocal signaling represents a primary mode of communication for most nonhuman primates. A quantitative description of the vocal repertoire is a critical step in in-depth studies of the vocal communication of particular species, and provides the foundation for comparative studies to investigate the selective pressures in the evolution of vocal communication systems. The present study was the first attempt to establish the vocal repertoire of free-ranging adult golden snub-nosed monkeys (Rhinopithecus roxellana) based on quantitative methods...
May 16, 2018: American Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766655/pre-surgical-surgical-and-post-surgical-experiences-of-weight-loss-surgery-patients-a-closer-look-at-social-determinants-of-health
#3
L P Johnson, F M Asigbee, R Crowell, A Negrini
Using a novel qualitative approach, Photovoice, researchers assessed social, psychological, physical and economic barriers encountered by patients of weight loss surgery. Applying the Photovoice approach and Williams' theory of narrative reconstruction for qualitative interviewing, the research team set out to investigate the bariatric patient experience from pre-surgery to hospitalization to post-surgery. Fifteen participants were given digital cameras and asked to take photographs that represented their weight loss journeys...
May 15, 2018: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766512/structured-radiology-reporting-on-an-institutional-level-benefit-or-new-administrative-burden
#4
REVIEW
Daniel Pinto Dos Santos, Elmar Kotter
Significant technical advances have been made in radiology since the first discovery of X-rays. Diagnostic techniques have become more and more complex, workflows have been digitized, and data production has increased exponentially. However, the radiology report as the main method for communicating examination results has largely remained unchanged. Growing evidence supports that more structured radiology reports offer various benefits over conventional narrative reports. Various efforts have been made to further develop and promote structured reporting...
May 16, 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764327/to-boldly-go-where-no-relationship-has-gone-before-commentary-on-interpersonal-relationships-in-the-digital-age
#5
Bradley M Okdie, David R Ewoldsen
Individuals have a need to maintain positive social interactions, and with the advent of new-media technologies, there are a myriad ways individuals can satisfy this need by engaging socially in mediated (non-face-to-face) communication, hence the need for a special issue on "Relationships in the Digital Age." The articles in this special issue reflect the need to answer theoretical questions brought forth by the increased tendency for individuals to create and maintain interpersonal relationships through mediated forms of communication...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763749/combined-surgical-and-endovascular-treatment-of-a-complex-posterior-communicating-artery-aneurysm-at-one-stage-in-a-hybrid-operating-room
#6
Can Xin, Zhengwei Li, Jianjian Zhang, Zhongwei Xiong, Xiaolin Wu, Shiyu Zhao, Mingjun Cai, Wenyuan Zhao, Jincao Chen
BACKGROUND: Although clipping and coiling of intracranial aneurysms are effective treatment options, they each have respective limitations. With the advent of hybrid operating room, combined clipping and coiling for complex aneurysms at one stage becomes feasible. In this article, we report a successful case of a left posterior communicating artery (PCoA) aneurysm where combined clipping and endovascular treatment were applied. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 57-year-old man had been complaining of severe headache for 10 days...
May 12, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761165/a-real-world-observational-cohort-of-patients-with-primary-biliary-cholangitis-target-primary-biliary-cholangitis-study-design-and-rationale
#7
Cynthia Levy, Christopher L Bowlus, Elizabeth Carey, Julie M Crawford, Karen Deane, Marlyn J Mayo, W Ray Kim, Michael W Fried
Primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) is a rare chronic cholestatic liver disease that may progress to biliary cirrhosis if left untreated. The first-line therapy for PBC is ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA). Unfortunately, 1 of 3 patients does not respond to UDCA. These patients are at risk for developing clinical events, including cirrhosis, complications of portal hypertension, hepatocellular carcinoma, liver transplant, or death. Recently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved obeticholic acid to be used in certain patients with PBC...
May 2018: Hepatology Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757227/combining-fog-computing-with-sensor-mote-machine-learning-for-industrial-iot
#8
Mehrzad Lavassani, Stefan Forsström, Ulf Jennehag, Tingting Zhang
Digitalization is a global trend becoming ever more important to our connected and sustainable society. This trend also affects industry where the Industrial Internet of Things is an important part, and there is a need to conserve spectrum as well as energy when communicating data to a fog or cloud back-end system. In this paper we investigate the benefits of fog computing by proposing a novel distributed learning model on the sensor device and simulating the data stream in the fog, instead of transmitting all raw sensor values to the cloud back-end...
May 12, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753335/external-beam-planning-module-of-eclipse-for-external-beam-radiation-therapy
#9
REVIEW
Cheng B Saw, SiCong Li, Frank Battin, Janice McKeague, Christopher A Peters
Eclipse is a 3-dimensional (3D) treatment planning system for radiation therapy offered by Varian Medical Systems, Inc. The system has the network connectivity for the electronic transfer of image datasets and digital data communication among different equipment. The scope of this project for this special issue of Medical Dosimetry on 3D treatment planning systems is the assessment of planning tools in the external beam planning module of Eclipse to generate optimized treatment plans for patients undergoing external beam radiation therapy...
July 2018: Medical Dosimetry: Official Journal of the American Association of Medical Dosimetrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750241/exploring-privilege-in-the-digital-divide-implications-for-theory-policy-and-practice
#10
Mei Lan Fang, Sarah L Canham, Lupin Battersby, Judith Sixsmith, Mineko Wada, Andrew Sixsmith
Background and Objectives: The digital revolution has resulted in innovative solutions and technologies that can support the well-being, independence, and health of seniors. Yet, the notion of the "digital divide" presents significant inequities in terms of who accesses and benefits from the digital landscape. To better understand the social and structural inequities of the digital divide, a realist synthesis was conducted to inform theoretical understandings of information and communication technologies (ICTs); to understand the practicalities of access and use inequities; to uncover practices that facilitate digital literacy and participation; and to recommend policies to mitigate the digital divide...
May 10, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749112/technology-enhanced-writing-therapy-for-people-with-aphasia-results-of-a-quasi-randomized-waitlist-controlled-study
#11
Jane Marshall, Anna Caute, Katie Chadd, Madeline Cruice, Katie Monnelly, Stephanie Wilson, Celia Woolf
BACKGROUND: Acquired writing impairment, or dysgraphia, is common in aphasia. It affects both handwriting and typing, and may recover less well than other aphasic symptoms. Dysgraphia is an increasing priority for intervention, particularly for those wishing to participate in online written communication. Effective dysgraphia treatment studies have been reported, but many did not target, or did not achieve, improvements in functional writing. Functional outcomes might be promoted by therapies that exploit digital technologies, such as voice recognition and word prediction software...
May 10, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749014/3d-hybrid-small-scale-devices
#12
REVIEW
Jayson V Pagaduan, Anil Bhatta, Lewis H Romer, David H Gracias
Interfacing nano/microscale elements with biological components in 3D contexts opens new possibilities for mimicry, bionics, and augmentation of organismically and anatomically inspired materials. Abiotic nanoscale elements such as plasmonic nanostructures, piezoelectric ribbons, and thin film semiconductor devices interact with electromagnetic fields to facilitate advanced capabilities such as communication at a distance, digital feedback loops, logic, and memory. Biological components such as proteins, polynucleotides, cells, and organs feature complex chemical synthetic networks that can regulate growth, change shape, adapt, and regenerate...
May 10, 2018: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748905/diabetes-care-in-the-digital-era-a-synoptic-overview
#13
REVIEW
Farhad Fatehi, Anish Menon, Dominique Bird
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Diabetes care is undergoing a remarkable transformation by the advancements in information and communications technology (ICT). The aim of this review is to provide a general overview of various ICT-based interventions for diabetes care, challenges of their adoption, and consider future directions. RECENT FINDINGS: A number of systematic reviews have examined studies on various aspects of telemedicine and eHealth for diabetes care, but they are generally focused on one specific type of technology application for diabetes care...
May 10, 2018: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748162/cocreated-smartphone-app-to-improve-the-quality-of-life-of-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-cancer-kr%C3%A3-ftv%C3%A3-rket-protocol-for-a-quantitative-and-qualitative-evaluation
#14
Abbey Elsbernd, Maiken Hjerming, Camilla Visler, Lisa Lyngsie Hjalgrim, Carsten Utoft Niemann, Kirsten Boisen, Helle Pappot
BACKGROUND: Adolescents and young adults with cancer face significant challenges during the course of their medical treatment and recovery from illness. Many adolescents and young adults struggle with long-term complications in the physical, psychosocial, economic, and academic domains. Mobile health (mHealth) interventions provide an innovative platform for delivering supportive care, particularly through the utilization of apps on smartphones and tablets. To create a successful mHealth intervention for adolescents and young adults, youth input and feedback is essential...
May 10, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745212/-applications-of-eco-environmental-big-data-progress-and-prospect
#15
Miao Miao Zhao, Shi Cheng Zhao, Li Yun Zhang, Fen Zhao, Rui Shao, Li Xiang Liu, Hai Feng Zhao, Ming Xu
With the advance of internet and wireless communication technology, the fields of ecology and environment have entered a new digital era with the amount of data growing explosively and big data technologies attracting more and more attention. The eco-environmental big data is based airborne and space-/land-based observations of ecological and environmental factors and its ultimate goal is to integrate multi-source and multi-scale data for information mining by taking advantages of cloud computation, artificial intelligence, and modeling technologies...
May 18, 2017: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742952/a-pilot-study-to-measure-vascular-compliance-changes-during-fistula-maturation-using-open-source-software
#16
Barry Belmont, Dae Woo Park, Albert Shih, Matthew Leavitt, Brett Plattner, Peter K Henke, William F Weitzel
PURPOSE: Autogenous arteriovenous fistulas are the preferred access for hemodialysis. Yet when created, fistulas often fail to mature, requiring surgical or radiologic interventions before their use. This pilot study measures the vascular wall elasticity and flow gradient using an open-source ultrasound software program designed to aid in assessing fistula maturation. METHODS: A total of seven end-stage renal disease patients were enrolled for our study after providing informed consent...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739742/user-needs-in-the-development-of-a-health-app-ecosystem-for-self-management-of-cystic-fibrosis-user-centered-development-approach
#17
Jacqueline Floch, Annabel Zettl, Lena Fricke, Tina Weisser, Lisbet Grut, Thomas Vilarinho, Erlend Stav, Antonio Ascolese, Cornelia Schauber
BACKGROUND: Digital self-management in cystic fibrosis (CF) is foreseen as a means toward better understanding of the disease and its treatment and better adherence to the treatment. Mobile apps hold the potential to provide access to information, motivate, and strengthen compliance. However, to deliver high-quality apps, the development should be based on thorough knowledge about user needs. Empirical research on the user-centered development of mobile apps for health care is, however, still limited...
May 8, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739738/effects-of-treatment-length-and-chat-based-counseling-in-a-web-based-intervention-for-cannabis-users-randomized-factorial-trial
#18
Benjamin Jonas, Marc-Dennan Tensil, Peter Tossmann, Evelin Strüber
BACKGROUND: Digital interventions show promise in reducing problematic cannabis use. However, little is known about the effect of moderators in such interventions. The therapist-guided internet intervention Quit the Shit provides 50 days of chat-based (synchronous) and time-lagged (asynchronous) counseling. OBJECTIVE: In the study, we examined whether the effectiveness of Quit the Shit is reduced by shortening the program or by removing the chat-based counseling option...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738497/a-cooperative-search-and-coverage-algorithm-with-controllable-revisit-and-connectivity-maintenance-for-multiple-unmanned-aerial-vehicles
#19
Zhong Liu, Xiaoguang Gao, Xiaowei Fu
In this paper, we mainly study a cooperative search and coverage algorithm for a given bounded rectangle region, which contains several unknown stationary targets, by a team of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) with non-ideal sensors and limited communication ranges. Our goal is to minimize the search time, while gathering more information about the environment and finding more targets. For this purpose, a novel cooperative search and coverage algorithm with controllable revisit mechanism is presented. Firstly, as the representation of the environment, the cognitive maps that included the target probability map (TPM), the uncertain map (UM), and the digital pheromone map (DPM) are constituted...
May 8, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736114/exploring-education-and-training-needs-in-palliative-care-among-family-physicians-in-mumbai-a-qualitative-study
#20
Anuja Damani, Arunangshu Ghoshal, Manjiri Dighe, Sunil Dhiliwal, Maryann Muckaden
Context: Patients with chronic life-limiting conditions on palliative care (PC) prefer to be treated at home. Medical care by family physicians (FPs) reduces demand on costly and busy hospital facilities. Working of PC team in collaboration with FPs is thus helpful in home-based management of patients. Aims: This study aimed at exploring the extent of knowledge of FPs about PC and the need for additional training. Settings and Design: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with ten FPs from two suburbs of Mumbai, currently served by home care services of a tertiary cancer care center...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
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