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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814843/effects-of-hearing-loss-on-speech-recognition-under-distracting-conditions-and-working-memory-in-the-elderly
#1
Wondo Na, Gibbeum Kim, Gungu Kim, Woojae Han, Jinsook Kim
PURPOSE: The current study aimed to evaluate hearing-related changes in terms of speech-in-noise processing, fast-rate speech processing, and working memory; and to identify which of these three factors is significantly affected by age-related hearing loss. METHODS: One hundred subjects aged 65-84 years participated in the study. They were classified into four groups ranging from normal hearing to moderate-to-severe hearing loss. All the participants were tested for speech perception in quiet and noisy conditions and for speech perception with time alteration in quiet conditions...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813074/oral-narrative-of-individuals-with-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorder
#2
Giulia Ganthous, Natalia Freitas Rossi, Célia Maria Giacheti
Purpose: To investigate and compare the oral narrative of individuals with FASD and individuals with typical language development (TLD), as well as to correlate the narrative performance with the score from 4-Digit Diagnostic Code. Methods: Participants were 20 individuals with FASD, of both genders, with chronological age between 6 and 16 years, and 20 individuals with TLD, same gender and similar to the FASD group in age and socioeconomic status. The oral narrative was elicited using the book Frog, where are you? and the data were analyzed in terms of macrostructure, microstructure and global coherence level...
August 10, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809708/on-multiple-aer-handshaking-channels-over-high-speed-bit-serial-bidirectional-lvds-links-with-flow-control-and-clock-correction-on-commercial-fpgas-for-scalable-neuromorphic-systems
#3
Amirreza Yousefzadeh, Miroslaw Jablonski, Taras Iakymchuk, Alejandro Linares-Barranco, Alfredo Rosado, Luis A Plana, Steve Temple, Teresa Serrano-Gotarredona, Steve B Furber, Bernabe Linares-Barranco
Address event representation (AER) is a widely employed asynchronous technique for interchanging "neural spikes" between different hardware elements in neuromorphic systems. Each neuron or cell in a chip or a system is assigned an address (or ID), which is typically communicated through a high-speed digital bus, thus time-multiplexing a high number of neural connections. Conventional AER links use parallel physical wires together with a pair of handshaking signals (request and acknowledge). In this paper, we present a fully serial implementation using bidirectional SATA connectors with a pair of low-voltage differential signaling (LVDS) wires for each direction...
August 14, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806125/changing-avatars-changing-selves-the-influence-of-social-and-contextual-expectations-on-digital-rendition-of-identity
#4
Stefano Triberti, Ilaria Durosini, Filippo Aschieri, Daniela Villani, Giuseppe Riva
Avatar creation is an interesting topic for both video game and social network studies. Research has shown that the creation of avatars is influenced by individual, contextual, and cultural features. Avatars are used to represent aspects of users' personality, but multiple avatars are used in different virtual contexts, as self-presentation strategies may vary according to the different "audiences" to be met online (say: friends, or strangers). Moreover, avatar creation is also influenced by cultural variables, such as gender, as avatars embody stereotypical aspects of being a woman or a man...
August 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805550/moving-toward-a-universal-digital-era-in-mass-casualty-incidents-and-disasters-emergency-personnel-s-perspective-in-romania
#5
Adrian Stănescu, Peter Eliot Gordon, Sanda Maria Copotoiu, Cristian Marius Boeriu
BACKGROUND: Despite a recognized need for improved communications and logistics in high acuity situations, the integration of telemedicine services into the mainstream health services has been difficult. This study reports on the opinions of Romanian professional responders to mass casualty incidents and disasters regarding the use and requirements of specific electronic medical documentation solutions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Doctors, nurses, paramedics, and fire department officers participated in a customized online structured questionnaire...
August 14, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804650/the-2d%C3%A2-%C3%A2-4d-digit-ratio-as-a-biomarker-for-autism-spectrum-disorder
#6
M Mackus, D de Kruijff, L S Otten, A D Kraneveld, J Garssen, J C Verster
It has been suggested that the second (2D, index finger) to fourth (4D, ring finger) digit ratio, 2D : 4D, may be a biomarker for the risk of developing autism. The aim of the current study was to determine the usefulness of the 2D : 4D digit ratio as biomarker for autistic traits. N = 401 healthy young volunteers participated in the study. For both hands, digit lengths were measured using digital Vernier calipers. In addition to demographics, the Autism Spectrum Quotient (AQ) questionnaire was completed, comprised of five subscales, assessing "social insights and behavior," "attention switching," "communication," "imagination," and "attention to detail...
2017: Autism Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802387/sleep-quality-and-communication-aspects-in-children
#7
Camila de Castro Corrêa, Maria Renata José, Eduardo Carvalho Andrade, Mariza Ribeiro Feniman, Ana Paula Fukushiro, Giédre Berretin-Felix, Luciana Paula Maximino
OBJECTIVES: To correlate quality of life of children in terms of sleep, with their oral language skills, auditory processing and orofacial myofunctional aspects. METHODS: Nineteen children (12 males and seven females, in the mean age 9.26) undergoing otorhinolaryngological and speech evaluations participated in this study. The OSA-18 questionnaire was applied, followed by verbal and nonverbal sequential memory tests, dichotic digit test, nonverbal dichotic test and Sustained Auditory Attention Ability Test, related to auditory processing...
September 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780089/short-communication-prevalence-of-digital-dermatitis-in-canadian-dairy-cattle-classified-as-high-average-or-low-antibody-and-cell-mediated-immune-responders
#8
S L Cartwright, F Malchiodi, K Thompson-Crispi, F Miglior, B A Mallard
Lameness is a major animal welfare issue affecting Canadian dairy producers, and it can lead to production, reproduction, and health problems in dairy cattle herds. Although several different lesions affect dairy cattle hooves, studies show that digital dermatitis is the most common lesion identified in Canadian dairy herds. It has also been shown that dairy cattle classified as having high immune response (IR) have lower incidence of disease compared with those animals with average and low IR; therefore, it has been hypothesized that IR plays a role in preventing infectious hoof lesions...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771485/the-impact-of-access-to-immunization-information-on-vaccine-acceptance-in-three-countries
#9
Lori K Handy, Stefania Maroudi, Maura Powell, Bakanuki Nfila, Charlotte Moser, Ingrid Japa, Ndibo Monyatsi, Elena Tzortzi, Ismini Kouzeli, Anthony Luberti, Maria Theodoridou, Paul Offit, Andrew Steenhoff, Judy A Shea, Kristen A Feemster
INTRODUCTION: Vaccine acceptance is a critical component of sustainable immunization programs, yet rates of vaccine hesitancy are rising. Increased access to misinformation through media and anti-vaccine advocacy is an important contributor to hesitancy in the United States and other high-income nations with robust immunization programs. Little is known about the content and effect of information sources on attitudes toward vaccination in settings with rapidly changing or unstable immunization programs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764506/extended-bandwidth-frequency-sweeps-of-a-distributed-feedback-laser-using-combined-injection-current-and-temperature-modulation
#10
Gerald Hefferman, Zhen Chen, Tao Wei
This article details the generation of an extended-bandwidth frequency sweep using a single, communication grade distributed feedback (DFB) laser. The frequency sweep is generated using a two-step technique. In the first step, injection current modulation is employed as a means of varying the output frequency of a DFB laser over a bandwidth of 99.26 GHz. A digital optical phase lock loop is used to lock the frequency sweep speed during current modulation, resulting in a linear frequency chirp. In the second step, the temperature of the DFB laser is modulated, resulting in a shifted starting laser output frequency...
July 2017: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759363/communicating-cancer-in-the-digital-age
#11
Catherine Lucas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754653/integrated-care-in-prostate-cancer-icare-p-nonrandomized-controlled-feasibility-study-of-online-holistic-needs-assessment-linking-the-patient-and-the-health-care-team
#12
Veronica Nanton, Rebecca Appleton, Jeremy Dale, Julia Roscoe, Thomas Hamborg, Sam H Ahmedzai, Theodoros N Arvanitis, Douglas Badger, Nicholas James, Richard Mendelsohn, Omar Khan, Deepak Parashar, Prashant Patel
BACKGROUND: The potential of technology to aid integration of care delivery systems is being explored in a range of contexts across a variety of conditions in the United Kingdom. Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in UK men. With a 10-year survival rate of 84%, there is a need to explore innovative methods of care that are integrated between primary health care providers and specialist teams in order to address long-term consequences of the disease and its treatment as well as to provide continued monitoring for recurrence...
July 28, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750915/the-informatics-capability-maturity-of-integrated-primary-care-centres-in-australia
#13
Siaw-Teng Liaw, Rachael Kearns, Jane Taggart, Oliver Frank, Riki Lane, Michael Tam, Sarah Dennis, Christine Walker, Grant Russell, Mark Harris
CONTEXT: Integrated primary care requires systems and service integration along with financial incentives to promote downward substitution to a single entry point to care. Integrated Primary Care Centres (IPCCs) aim to improve integration by co-location of health services. The Informatics Capability Maturity (ICM) describes how well health organisations collect, manage and share information; manage eHealth technology, implementation, change, data quality and governance; and use "intelligence" to improve care...
September 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747078/users-perceptions-on-digital-visualization-of-neuropathic-cancer-related-pain
#14
Ellen Anna Andreassen Jaatun, Marie Fallon, Anders Kofod-Petersen, Kristin Halvorsen, Dagny Faksvåg Haugen
Quality pain management implies a thorough pain assessment with structured communication between patients and healthcare providers. Pain distribution is an important dimension of cancer pain. Assessment of pain distribution is commonly performed on a pain body map. This study explores how a computerized pain body map may function as a communication tool and visualize pain in patients with advanced cancer. In previous studies, we have developed a tablet-based computerized pain body map for use in cancer patients...
July 1, 2017: Health Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736772/on-quantifying-diffusion-of-health-information-on-twitter
#15
Gokhan Bakal, Ramakanth Kavuluru
With the increasing use of digital technologies, online social networks are emerging as major means of communication. Recently, social networks such as Facebook and Twitter are also being used by consumers, care providers (physicians, hospitals), and government agencies to share health related information. The asymmetric user network and the short message size have made Twitter particularly popular for propagating health related content on the Web. Besides tweeting on their own, users can choose to retweet particular tweets from other users (even if they do not follow them on Twitter...
February 2017: IEEE-EMBS International Conference on Biomedical and Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736733/a-model-for-mhealth-skills-training-for-clinicians-meeting-the-future-now
#16
Donna J Slovensky, Donna M Malvey, Alexis R Neigel
We describe the current state of mHealth skills acquisition, education, and training available to clinical professionals in educational programs. We discuss how telemedicine experienced exponential growth due in large part to the ubiquity of the mobile phone. An outcome of this unprecedented growth has been the emergence of the need for technology skills training programs for clinicians that address extant curricula gaps. We propose a model to guide the development of future training programs that incorporate effective training strategies across five domains: (I) digital communication skills; (II) technology literacy and usage skills; (III) deploying telehealth products and services; (VI) regulatory and compliance issues; and (V) telehealth business case...
2017: MHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735790/patient-specific-finite-element-analysis-of-fiber-post-and-ferrule-design
#17
Monise de Paula Rodrigues, Priscilla Barbosa Ferreira Soares, Andréa Dollores Correia Miranda Valdivia, Roberto Sales Pessoa, Crisnicaw Veríssimo, Antheunis Versluis, Carlos José Soares
INTRODUCTION: A ferrule on anterior endodontic-treated teeth has been evaluated using clinical trials, in vitro tests, and finite element analysis (FEA). The patient-specific FEA with a nonuniform ferrule and nonlinear contact biting load associated with clinical validation can be used to predict failure. METHODS: A patient was selected with both maxillary central incisors with different ferrule designs who received endodontic treatment and restoration using a fiber post, composite core, and computer aided design and computer aided manufacturing lithium disilicate ceramic crowns...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734487/clinical-nurse-preceptors-perception-of-e-portfolio-use-for-undergraduate-students
#18
Chi-Ping Chang, Ting-Ting Lee, Mary Etta Mills
Nursing schools and hospitals form partnerships to foster nursing education. Clinical nurse preceptors (CNPs) have a profound influence on nursing students' Last Mile practicum. Assisting preceptors to prepare students as future staff nurses has become a critical issue. E-portfolios utilize digital access and hyperlinks to integrate student knowledge, skills, and achievements with teaching assessment, process and evaluation. Based on the school-hospital partnership, preceptors require a teaching application to facilitate student learning...
July 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732037/integrating-cervical-cancer-with-hiv-healthcare-services-a-systematic-review
#19
Louise Sigfrid, Georgina Murphy, Victoria Haldane, Fiona Leh Hoon Chuah, Suan Ee Ong, Francisco Cervero-Liceras, Nicola Watt, Alconada Alvaro, Laura Otero-Garcia, Dina Balabanova, Sue Hogarth, Will Maimaris, Kent Buse, Martin Mckee, Peter Piot, Pablo Perel, Helena Legido-Quigley
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is a major public health problem. Even though readily preventable, it is the fourth leading cause of death in women globally. Women living with HIV are at increased risk of invasive cervical cancer, highlighting the need for access to screening and treatment for this population. Integration of services has been proposed as an effective way of improving access to cervical cancer screening especially in areas of high HIV prevalence as well as lower resourced settings...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726059/professional-ethics-for-digital-age-psychiatry-boundaries-privacy-and-communication
#20
REVIEW
James E Sabin, Jonathan Clark Harland
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Internet and social media use continue to expand rapidly. Many patients and psychiatrists are bringing digital technologies into the treatment process, but relatively little attention has been paid to the ethical challenges in doing this. This review presents ethical guidelines for psychiatry in the digital age. RECENT FINDINGS: Surveys demonstrate that patients are eager to make digital technologies part of their treatment. Substantial numbers search for professional and personal information about their therapists...
September 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
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