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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334259/development-of-three-dimensional-brain-arteriovenous-malformation-model-for-patient-communication-and-young-neurosurgeon-education
#1
Mengqi Dong, Guangzhong Chen, Kun Qin, Xiaowen Ding, Dong Zhou, Chao Peng, Shaojian Zeng, Xianming Deng
PURPOSE: Rapid prototyping technology is used to fabricate three-dimensional (3D) brain arteriovenous malformation (AVM) models and facilitate presurgical patient communication and medical education for young surgeons. METHODS: Two intracranial AVM cases were selected for this study. Using 3D CT angiography or 3D rotational angiography images, the brain AVM models were reconstructed on personal computer and the rapid prototyping process was completed using a 3D printer...
January 15, 2018: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333590/advantages-and-disadvantages-in-image-processing-with-free-software-in-radiology
#2
Katrin Muradas Mujika, Juan Antonio Juanes Méndez, Andrés Framiñan de Miguel
Currently, there are sophisticated applications that make it possible to visualize medical images and even to manipulate them. These software applications are of great interest, both from a teaching and a radiological perspective. In addition, some of these applications are known as Free Open Source Software because they are free and the source code is freely available, and therefore it can be easily obtained even on personal computers. Two examples of free open source software are Osirix Lite® and 3D Slicer®...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332500/microstructure-and-mechanical-properties-of-porous-titanium-structures-fabricated-by-electron-beam-melting-for-cranial-implants
#3
Khaja Moiduddin
The traditional methods of metallic bone implants are often dense and suffer from adverse reactions, biomechanical mismatch and lack of adequate space for new bone tissue to grow into the implant. The objective of this study is to evaluate the customized porous cranial implant with mechanical properties closer to that of bone and to improve the aesthetic outcome in cranial surgery with precision fitting for a better quality of life. Two custom cranial implants (bulk and porous) are digitally designed based on the Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine files and fabricated using additive manufacturing...
January 1, 2018: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330668/impact-of-duplicate-ct-scan-rate-after-implementation-of-transfer-image-repository-system-at-a-level-1-trauma-center
#4
Charles W Sheppard, Amy L Groll, Cindy L Austin, Simon J Thompson
PURPOSE: The regionalization of trauma in the USA results in frequent transfers of patients from a primary hospital ED to a higher level trauma facility. While many hospitals have a Picture Archive Communication System (PACS) which captures digital radiological images, these are often not available to the receiving institution resulting in duplicate imaging. The state of Arkansas instituted a trauma image repository (TIR) in July 2013. We examined whether implementation of this repository would impact CT scan duplication in the trauma system...
January 12, 2018: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327218/online-communication-about-depression-and-anxiety-among-twitter-users-with-schizophrenia-preliminary-findings-to-inform-a-digital-phenotype-using-social-media
#5
Yulin Hswen, John A Naslund, John S Brownstein, Jared B Hawkins
Digital technologies hold promise for supporting the detection and management of schizophrenia. This exploratory study aimed to generate an initial understanding of whether patterns of communication about depression and anxiety on popular social media among individuals with schizophrenia are consistent with offline representations of the illness. From January to July 2016, posts on Twitter were collected from a sample of Twitter users who self-identify as having a schizophrenia spectrum disorder (n = 203) and a randomly selected sample of control users (n = 173)...
January 12, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326025/how-age-and-frequency-impact-the-thyroid-cartilages-of-professional-singers
#6
Fabian Unteregger, Jan Thommen, Flurin Honegger, Silke Potthast, Salome Zwicky, Claudio Storck
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Young professional singers can easily reach very high pitches. In contrast, older singers often complain that they have to exert substantially more laryngopharyngeal force to reach the same high pitch compared with their earlier years. Various factors such as the property changes of the mucosa and ossification that impact the singing apparatus were suggested as explanations in the literature. The aim of this study was to analyze thyroid deformation-and thereby stiffness indirectly-during singing as a potential reason for this phenomenon...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318348/-medicine-in-the-digital-age-telemedicine-in-medical-school-education
#7
REVIEW
S Kuhn, F Jungmann
BACKGROUND: The increasing digitization of our lives and work has also reached medicine and is changing the profession of medical doctors. The modern forms of communication and cooperation in everyday medical practice demand new skills and qualifications. GOALS: To enable future doctors to comply with this digitally competent profile, an innovative blended learning curriculum was developed and first implemented at the University Medical Center Mainz in summer semester 2017-Medicine in the Digital Age...
January 9, 2018: Der Radiologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305339/digital-clinical-communication-for-families-and-caregivers-of-children-or-young-people-with-short-or-long-term-conditions-rapid-review
#8
REVIEW
Xavier Armoiry, Jackie Sturt, Emma Elizabeth Phelps, Clare-Louise Walker, Rachel Court, Frances Taggart, Paul Sutcliffe, Frances Griffiths, Helen Atherton
BACKGROUND: The communication relationship between parents of children or young people with health conditions and health professionals is an important part of treatment, but it is unclear how far the use of digital clinical communication tools may affect this relationship. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to describe, assess the feasibility of, and explore the impact of digital clinical communication between families or caregivers and health professionals...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305222/a-novel-method-to-measure-the-external-auditory-canal-normative-data-and-practical-implications
#9
Jason Barnes, Roy T Sabo, Daniel H Coelho
PURPOSE: To accurately measure external auditory canal (EAC) dimensions by high resolution computed tomography (CT), and compare results with a traditional method of EAC measurement. METHODS: Using an advanced multidimensional open source digital imaging and communications in medicine (DICOM) analysis program (OsiriX, Pixmeo, Geneva, Switzerland) 91 adult EACs were analyzed on a previously obtained temporal bone CT scan. Tympanometric data were also recorded for each ear...
December 14, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301351/hare-supporting-efficient-uplink-multi-hop-communications-in-self-organizing-lpwans
#10
Toni Adame Vázquez, Sergio Barrachina-Muñoz, Boris Bellalta, Albert Bel
The emergence of low-power wide area networks (LPWANs) as a new agent in the Internet of Things (IoT) will result in the incorporation into the digital world of low-automated processes from a wide variety of sectors. The single-hop conception of typical LPWAN deployments, though simple and robust, overlooks the self-organization capabilities of network devices, suffers from lack of scalability in crowded scenarios, and pays little attention to energy consumption. Aimed to take the most out of devices' capabilities, the HARE protocol stack is proposed in this paper as a new LPWAN technology flexible enough to adopt uplink multi-hop communications when proving energetically more efficient...
January 3, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301168/design-and-development-of-a-novel-distance-learning-telementoring-system-using-off-the-shelf-materials-and-software
#11
James C Rosser, Jeffrey P Fleming, Timothy B Legare, Katherine M Choi, Jamie Nakagiri, Elliot Griffith
OBJECTIVE: To design and develop a distance learning (DL) system for the transference of laparoscopic surgery knowledge and skill constructed from off-the-shelf materials and commercially available software. INTRODUCTION: Minimally invasive surgery offers significant benefits over traditional surgical procedures, but adoption rates for many procedures are low. Skill and confidence deficits are two of the culprits. DL combined with simulation training and telementoring may address these issues with scale...
December 22, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301149/-barriers-to-digitalisation-of-healthcare-in-germany-a-survey-of-experts
#12
Pascal Nohl-Deryk, Jesaja Kenneth Brinkmann, Ferdinand Michael Gerlach, Jonas Schreyögg, Dmitrij Achelrod
BACKGROUND: Digital health is a growing area in healthcare with a huge potential. Nevertheless, the degree of digitalization in German healthcare is low when compared internationally and with other German industries. Despite political efforts, certain barriers seem to strongly impede the process of digitalization process in healthcare. METHOD: We surveyed 18 representative healthcare experts from various sectors with semi-structured interviews on barriers and solutions for digital health...
January 4, 2018: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298957/optimizing-targeted-vaccination-across-cyber-physical-networks-an-empirically-based-mathematical-simulation-study
#13
Enys Mones, Arkadiusz Stopczynski, Alex 'Sandy' Pentland, Nathaniel Hupert, Sune Lehmann
Targeted vaccination, whether to minimize the forward transmission of infectious diseases or their clinical impact, is one of the 'holy grails' of modern infectious disease outbreak response, yet it is difficult to achieve in practice due to the challenge of identifying optimal targets in real time. If interruption of disease transmission is the goal, targeting requires knowledge of underlying person-to-person contact networks. Digital communication networks may reflect not only virtual but also physical interactions that could result in disease transmission, but the precise overlap between these cyber and physical networks has never been empirically explored in real-life settings...
January 2018: Journal of the Royal Society, Interface
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298448/-physical-activity-in-the-context-of-workplace-health-promotion-a-systematic-review-on-the-effectiveness-of-software-based-in-contrast-to-personal-based-interventions
#14
Sabrina Rudolph, Arne Göring, Dennis Padrok
OBJECTIVES: Sports and physical activity interventions are attracting considerable attention in the context of workplace health promotion. Due to increasing digitalization, especially software-based interventions that promote physical activity are gaining acceptance in practice. Empirical evidence concerning the efficiency of software-based interventions in the context of workplace health promotion is rather low so far. This paper examines the question in what way software-based interventions are more efficient than personal-based interventions in terms of increasing the level of physical activity...
January 3, 2018: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297763/communication-accommodation-in-text-messages-exploring-liking-power-and-sex-as-predictors-of-textisms
#15
Aubrie Adams, Jai Miles, Norah E Dunbar, Howard Giles
This mixed-methods study applies Communication Accommodation Theory to explore how liking, power, and sex predict one's likelihood for using textisms in digital interpersonal interactions. Textisms are digital cues that convey nonverbal meaning and emotion in text communication. The main experiment used a hypothetical texting scenario to manipulate textism amounts (none/many) and participant's perceived power levels (low/equal/high) during texting interactions to examine the number of textisms participants used in subsequent responses in comparison to the number of textisms they viewed...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297734/is-technology-mediated-parental-monitoring-related-to-adolescent-substance-use
#16
Jessie Rudi, Jodi Dworkin
BACKGROUND: Prevention researchers have identified parental monitoring leading to parental knowledge to be a protective factor against adolescent substance use. In today's digital society, parental monitoring can occur using technology-mediated communication methods, such as text messaging, email, and social networking sites. OBJECTIVES: The current study aimed to identify patterns, or clusters, of in-person and technology-mediated monitoring behaviors, and examine differences between the patterns (clusters) in adolescent substance use...
January 3, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287301/-position-paper-of-the-ag-digital-health-dnvf-on-digital-health-applications-framework-conditions-for-use-in-health-care-structural-development-and-science
#17
Horst Christian Vollmar, Ursula Kramer, Hardy Müller, Maria Griemmert, Guido Noelle, Matthias Schrappe
The term "digital health" is currently the most comprehensive term that includes all information and communication technologies in healthcare, including e-health, mobile health, telemedicine, big data, health apps and others. Digital health can be seen as a good example of the use of the concept and methodology of health services research in the interaction between complex interventions and complex contexts. The position paper deals with 1) digital health as the subject of health services research; 2) digital health as a methodological and ethical challenge for health services research...
December 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284480/creating-research-and-development-awareness-among-dental-care-professionals-by-use-of-strategic-communication-a-12-year-intervention-study
#18
Helena Morténius, Svante Twetman
BACKGROUND: Despite the availability of contemporary research advances, only a limited fraction is implemented into dental practice. One possible way to facilitate this process is to stimulate the research and development (R&D) awareness and interest with aid of strategic communication. METHODS: The aim of the study was to analyse the role of a strategic communication in R&D awareness and interest among dental care professionals (DCP) over a 12-year period. A second aim was to compare the findings with those from primary care professionals (PCP)...
December 29, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278239/communication-rights-from-the-margins-politicising-young-refugees-smartphone-pocket-archives
#19
Koen Leurs
Politicising the smartphone pocket archives and experiences of 16 young refugees living in the Netherlands, this explorative study re-conceptualises and empirically grounds communication rights. The focus is on the usage of social media among young refugees, who operate from the margins of society, human rights discourse and technology. I focus on digital performativity as a means to address unjust communicative power relations and human right violations. Methodologically, I draw on empirical data gathered through a mixed-methods, participatory action fieldwork research approach...
November 2017: Int Commun Gaz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276746/smart-campus-data-on-energy-consumption-in-an-ict-driven-university
#20
Segun I Popoola, Aderemi A Atayero, Theresa T Okanlawon, Benson I Omopariola, Olusegun A Takpor
In this data article, we present a comprehensive dataset on electrical energy consumption in a university that is practically driven by Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs). The total amount of electricity consumed at Covenant University, Ota, Nigeria was measured, monitored, and recorded on daily basis for a period of 12 consecutive months (January-December, 2016). Energy readings were observed from the digital energy meter (EDMI Mk10E) located at the distribution substation that supplies electricity to the university community...
February 2018: Data in Brief
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