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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910248/parents-online-discussions-about-children-s-dental-caries-a-critical-content-analysis
#1
Avery Milne, Cynthia A Weijs, Rebecca J Haines-Saah, Lindsay McLaren
OBJECTIVES: Through an analysis of postings to an online parenting forum, we aimed to explore the many ways in which parents orient to (i.e., take up, challenge, re-articulate) information about child dental health in the context of their online interactions. Our analysis is anchored in Nettleton's theoretical work on dental authority and power, which we apply in a digital context. METHODS: We examined discussion threads from the public online forums on BabyCenter Canada...
September 14, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903533/joint-symposium-of-korean-cancer-association-uicc-aro-cross-boundary-cancer-studies-cancer-and-universal-health-coverage-uhc-in-asia
#2
Eun-Cheol Park, Norie Kawahara, Shinjiro Nozaki, Hasbullah Thabrany, Shunya Yoshimi, Sohee Park, Duk Hyoung Lee, Hideyuki Akaza, Jae Kyung Roh
On 16 June 2016, the Korean Cancer Association (KCA) and Union for International Cancer Control-Asia Regional Office (UICC-ARO) organized a joint symposium as part of the official program of the 42nd Annual Meeting of the Korean Cancer Association to discuss the topic 'Cross-boundary Cancer Studies: Cancer and Universal Health Coverage (UHC) in Asia.' Universal Health Coverage is included in the Sustainable Development Goals adopted by the United Nations as part of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development...
September 1, 2017: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900790/medical-images-are-safe-an-enhanced-chaotic-scrambling-approach
#3
M Y Mohamed Parvees, J Abdul Samath, B Parameswaran Bose
The patient data confidentiality is one of the vital security aspects in e-Health and m-Health services. In particular, providing confidentiality to the patient's medical image is essential and the protection approaches have to be explored in-depth due to the rapid progress in the technologies of teleradiology and PACS. In this study, the pseudo random number generators (PRNGs), namely, the linear congruential generator (LCG) and XOR shift generator (XSG) are improved and combined with improved logistic 2D coupled chaotic map to provide enhanced chaos based encryption...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895879/wireless-technology-recognition-based-on-rssi-distribution-at-sub-nyquist-sampling-rate-for-constrained-devices
#4
Wei Liu, Merima Kulin, Tarik Kazaz, Adnan Shahid, Ingrid Moerman, Eli De Poorter
Driven by the fast growth of wireless communication, the trend of sharing spectrum among heterogeneous technologies becomes increasingly dominant. Identifying concurrent technologies is an important step towards efficient spectrum sharing. However, due to the complexity of recognition algorithms and the strict condition of sampling speed, communication systems capable of recognizing signals other than their own type are extremely rare. This work proves that multi-model distribution of the received signal strength indicator (RSSI) is related to the signals' modulation schemes and medium access mechanisms, and RSSI from different technologies may exhibit highly distinctive features...
September 12, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895008/spatial-downscaling-of-soil-prediction-models-based-on-weighted-generalized-additive-models-in-smallholder-farm-settings
#5
Yiming Xu, Scot E Smith, Sabine Grunwald, Amr Abd-Elrahman, Suhas P Wani, Vimala D Nair
Digital soil mapping (DSM) is gaining momentum as a technique to help smallholder farmers secure soil security and food security in developing regions. However, communications of the digital soil mapping information between diverse audiences become problematic due to the inconsistent scale of DSM information. Spatial downscaling can make use of accessible soil information at relatively coarse spatial resolution to provide valuable soil information at relatively fine spatial resolution. The objective of this research was to disaggregate the coarse spatial resolution soil exchangeable potassium (Kex) and soil total nitrogen (TN) base map into fine spatial resolution soil downscaled map using weighted generalized additive models (GAMs) in two smallholder villages in South India...
September 11, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894741/digital-health-and-the-challenge-of-health-systems-transformation
#6
Hassane Alami, Marie-Pierre Gagnon, Jean-Paul Fortin
Information and communication technologies have transformed all sectors of society. The health sector is no exception to this trend. In light of "digital health", we see multiplying numbers of web platforms and mobile health applications, often brought by new unconventional players who produce and offer services in non-linear and non-hierarchal ways, this by multiplying access points to services for people. Some speak of a "uberization" of healthcare. New realities and challenges have emerged from this paradigm, which question the abilities of health systems to cope with new business and economic models, governance of data and regulation...
2017: MHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885935/automated-bone-age-analysis-with-lossy-image-files
#7
Jordan E Pinsker, Michael S L Ching, Daniel P Chiles, Michael Lustik, C Becket Mahnke, Veronica J Rooks
BACKGROUND: In our U.S. Department of Defense hospital system, pediatric endocrinology and radiology resources to evaluate bone age radiographs are limited. Our tertiary care center provides expert specialty support to remotely stationed beneficiaries at more than 30 Department of Defense medical facilities using a well-established, asynchronous, Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act compliant system that allows for physician-to-physician teleconsultation. Up to 14% of these teleconsultations are for endocrinology assessment, many of which include bone age analysis...
September 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885165/synchronization-control-for-a-class-of-discrete-time-dynamical-networks-with-packet-dropouts-a-coding-decoding-based-approach
#8
Licheng Wang, Zidong Wang, Qing-Long Han, Guoliang Wei
The synchronization control problem is investigated for a class of discrete-time dynamical networks with packet dropouts via a coding-decoding-based approach. The data is transmitted through digital communication channels and only the sequence of finite coded signals is sent to the controller. A series of mutually independent Bernoulli distributed random variables is utilized to model the packet dropout phenomenon occurring in the transmissions of coded signals. The purpose of the addressed synchronization control problem is to design a suitable coding-decoding procedure for each node, based on which an efficient decoder-based control protocol is developed to guarantee that the closed-loop network achieves the desired synchronization performance...
September 6, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883086/characterizing-chilean-blue-whale-vocalizations-with-dtags-a-test-of-using-tag-accelerometers-for-caller-identification
#9
Mark R Saddler, Alessandro Bocconcelli, Leigh S Hickmott, Gustavo Chiang, Rafaela Landea-Briones, Paulina A Bahamonde, Gloria Howes, Paolo S Segre, Laela S Sayigh
Vocal behavior of blue whales (Balaenoptera musculus) in the Gulf of Corcovado, Chile, was analyzed using both audio and accelerometer data from digital acoustic recording tags (DTAGs). Over the course of three austral summers (2014, 2015, 2016), seventeen tags were deployed, yielding 124 hours of data. We report the occurrence of Southeast Pacific type 2 (SEP2) calls, which exhibit peak frequencies, durations, and timing consistent with previous recordings made using towed and moored hydrophones. We also describe tonal downswept (D) calls, which have not been previously described for this population...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875111/carotid-cavernous-fistula-masquerading-as-delayed-suprachoroidal-hemorrhage-after-trabeculectomy
#10
Mukesh Jain, Md Shahid Alam, Bipasha Mukherjee, Rajiv Raman
Objective: Carotid cavernous fistulae (CCFs) are abnormal communications between the cavernous sinus and the carotid arterial system. Based on the etiology, CCFs can be traumatic, spontaneous and rarely iatrogenic. We report an interesting case of new onset CCF associated with shallow choroidal detachment after trabeculectomy surgery. Method: Observational case report Result: A 69-year-old male patient presented with complain of proptosis, congestion, and gross diminution of vision in the left eye following trabeculectomy elsewhere...
2017: GMS Ophthalmology Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874770/visualizing-phonotactic-behavior-of-female-frogs-in-darkness
#11
Ikkyu Aihara, Phillip J Bishop, Michel E B Ohmer, Hiromitsu Awano, Takeshi Mizumoto, Hiroshi G Okuno, Peter M Narins, Jean-Marc Hero
Many animals use sounds produced by conspecifics for mate identification. Female insects and anuran amphibians, for instance, use acoustic cues to localize, orient toward and approach conspecific males prior to mating. Here we present a novel technique that utilizes multiple, distributed sound-indication devices and a miniature LED backpack to visualize and record the nocturnal phonotactic approach of females of the Australian orange-eyed tree frog (Litoria chloris) both in a laboratory arena and in the animal's natural habitat...
September 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873920/lessons-from-helen-keller-how-to-make-the-comics-accessible
#12
Jérôme Dupire, Yvan Boude
This paper addresses the lack of accessibility of the comics for deaf or hard-of-hearing readers. Comics are a major cultural object, used in many different contexts with, as much as different purposes (leisure, education, advertising, etc.). We report here the results of an experimentation during a communication operation, including a regular exhibition made of panels and a digital mirroring of the contents, with extra materials and information. This digital part, accessible through our institution website, is the basement of this paper...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873892/digital-skills-development-and-ict-in-inclusive-education-experiences-from-cyprus-schools
#13
Katerina Mavrou, Maria Loizou-Raouna
This qualitative research has been a pilot implementation of the ENTELS self-assessment framework for schools on digital skills development and Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) in inclusive education, in Cyprus. Results suggest that participant schools overall identified themselves as "getting started" to "some progress" in all areas with the highest evaluation in the one corresponding to "school commitment in the integration of ICT skills of all students, including those with disabilities"...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873891/a-self-assessment-framework-for-inclusive-schools-supporting-assistive-technology-users
#14
Evert-Jan Hoogerwerf, Andrea Solander-Gross, Katerina Mavrou, Ivan Traina, Marion Hersh
In order to support schools to assess their performance in supporting children with disabilities in their ICT and ICT-AT needs, a self-assessment framework was developed by a task force of partners and associate partners of the ENTELIS project. The self-assessment tool aims to help educational establishments that welcome learners with disabilities to assess their current outcomes and to plan improvements in supporting these students in increasing digital literacy and developing digital skills. This includes the use of mainstream Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and specially designed digital Assistive Technologies (ICT-AT)...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873856/development-testing-of-a-monitoring-system-assisting-mci-patients-the-european-project-inlife
#15
Evangelos Kaimakamis, Vaia Karavidopoulou, Vassilios Kilintzis, Leandros Stefanopoulos, Valentini Papageorgiou
INLIFE is a project cofounded from the European Union aiming in prolonging independent living of elderly people with cognitive impairment based on open, seamless ICT services supporting communication, daily activities, providing health services and professional care to the elderly. The main innovation stems from ICT solutions offering 19 different services adapted on specific characteristics elderly people with mild cognitive impairment, early and later stages of Dementia, cognitive impairment and co-morbid condition, as well as their formal and informal caregivers...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870111/the-anatomical-variation-of-the-circulus-arteriosus-cerebri-in-a-cadaver-cohort-representing-the-population-dynamics-of-the-western-cape
#16
Karen Cilliers, Willie Vorster, Benedict John Page
The literature revealed a connection between the variations of the Circulus arteriosus cerebri (CAC) and cerebrovascular disease, ischemia, stroke, aneurysms and atherosclerosis. The diameters of the vessels forming the CAC have been classified into 22 types by previous authors. The aim of this study was to assess the variation of the CAC (diameter, length and anomalies) in a cadaver cohort representing the population of the Western Cape. Thirty-nine subjects (female n = 11, male n = 28) who had died of causes unrelated to brain trauma, were obtained from Stellenbosch University...
September 5, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866505/globe-browsing-contextualized-spatio-temporal-planetary-surface-visualization
#17
Karl Bladin, Emil Axelsson, Erik Broberg, Carter Emmart, Patric Ljung, Alexander Bock, Anders Ynnerman
Results of planetary mapping are often shared openly for use in scientific research and mission planning. In its raw format, however, the data is not accessible to non-experts due to the difficulty in grasping the context and the intricate acquisition process. We present work on tailoring and integration of multiple data processing and visualization methods to interactively contextualize geospatial surface data of celestial bodies for use in science communication. As our approach handles dynamic data sources, streamed from online repositories, we are significantly shortening the time between discovery and dissemination of data and results...
August 29, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860108/smartphone-ownership-among-us-adult-cigarette-smokers-2014-health-information-national-trends-survey-hints-data
#18
Jaimee L Heffner, Kristin E Mull
BACKGROUND: Despite increasing interest in smartphone apps as a platform for delivery of tobacco cessation interventions, no previous studies have evaluated the prevalence and characteristics of smokers who can access smartphone-delivered interventions. OBJECTIVE: To guide treatment development in this new platform and to evaluate disparities in access to smartphone-delivered interventions, we examined associations of smartphone ownership with demographics, tobacco use and thoughts about quitting, other health behaviors, physical and mental health, health care access, and Internet and technology utilization using a nationally representative sample of US adult smokers...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859246/systematic-review-of-cyberbullying-interventions-for-youth-and-parents-with-implications-for-evidence-based-practice
#19
Elizabeth Hutson, Stephanie Kelly, Lisa K Militello
BACKGROUND: Cyberbullying is a new risk factor for the well-being of pediatric populations. Consequences of cyberbullying include both physical and mental health concerns such as depression, anxiety, and somatic concerns. Adolescents who have been victims of cyberbullying and developed secondary symptoms are often recommended to visit a healthcare provider to obtain effective, evidence-based treatment. To date, no interventions exist in the healthcare setting for adolescents who are victims of cyberbullying...
August 31, 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856399/three-dimensional-printing-technology-and-materials-for-treatment-of-elbow-fractures
#20
Long Yang, Brian Grottkau, Zhixu He, Chuan Ye
PURPOSE: 3D printing is a rapid prototyping technology that uses a 3D digital model to physically build an object. The aim of this study was to evaluate the peri-operative effect of 3D printing in treating complex elbow fractures and its role in physician-patient communication and determine which material is best for surgical model printing. METHOD: Forty patients with elbow fractures were randomly divided into a 3D printing-assisted surgery group (n = 20) and a conventional surgery group (n = 20)...
August 30, 2017: International Orthopaedics
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