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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212616/general-practitioners-views-on-long-term-prescription-and-use-of-problematic-and-potentially-inappropriate-medication-for-oldest-old-patients-a-qualitative-interview-study-with-gps-cim-triad-study
#1
Nadine Janis Pohontsch, Kathrin Heser, Antje Löffler, Britta Haenisch, Debora Parker, Tobias Luck, Steffi G Riedel-Heller, Wolfgang Maier, Frank Jessen, Martin Scherer
BACKGROUND: Potentially inappropriate medication (PIM) is defined as medication with uncertain therapeutic effects and/or potential adverse drug reactions outweighing the clinical benefits. The prescription rate of PIM for oldest-old patients is high despite the existence of lists of PIM (e.g. the PRISCUS list) and efforts to raise awareness. This study aims at identifying general practitioners' views on PIM and aspects affecting the (long-term) use of PIM. METHODS: As part of the CIM-TRIAD study, we conducted semi-structured, qualitative interviews with 47 general practitioners, discussing 25 patients with and 22 without PIM (according to the PRISCUS list)...
February 17, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209948/-digital-technology-in-clinical-surgery-and-rehabilitation
#2
O E Karpov, P S Vetshev, V D Daminov, S A Epifanov, A A Zuev, P D Kuzmin, D A Makhnev
: This article is devoted to a very actual and insufficiently imagine in the literature theme - innovation and digital technologies in clinical surgery and rehabilitation. AIM: To schow posibilities of modern digital and information technologies in clinical practice based on the experience of the Pirogov Center. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Analysis of experience in the application of innovative technologies, robotic surgery, intraoperative navigation computer, robotic systems in medical rehabilitation, integrated operating room, surgical video communication systems in service of those doing the Pirogov Center for the past 10 years...
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208249/flexible-passive-near-field-communication-tag-for-multigas-sensing
#3
P Escobedo, M M Erenas, N López-Ruiz, M A Carvajal, S Gonzalez-Chocano, I de Orbe-Payá, L F Capitán-Valley, A J Palma, A Martínez-Olmos
In this work we present a full-passive flexible multigas sensing tag for the determination of oxygen, carbon dioxide, ammonia, and relative humidity readable by a smartphone. This tag is based on near field communication (NFC) technology for energy harvesting and data transmission to a smartphone. The gas sensors show an optic response that is read through high-resolution digital color detectors. A white LED is used as the common optical excitation source for all the sensors. Only a reduced electronics with very low power consumption is required for the reading of the optical responses and data transmission to a remote user...
February 7, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203249/autism-spectrum-disorder-detection-from-semi-structured-and-unstructured-medical-data
#4
Jianbo Yuan, Chester Holtz, Tristram Smith, Jiebo Luo
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disorder that significantly impairs patients' ability to perform normal social interaction and communication. Moreover, the diagnosis procedure of ASD is highly time-consuming, labor-intensive, and requires extensive expertise. Although there exists no known cure for ASD, there is consensus among clinicians regarding the importance of early intervention for the recovery of ASD patients. Therefore, to benefit autism patients by enhancing their access to treatments such as early intervention, we aim to develop a robust machine learning-based system for autism detection by using Natural Language Processing techniques based on information extracted from medical forms of potential ASD patients...
December 2017: EURASIP Journal on Bioinformatics & Systems Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203007/-diagnossis-and-treatment-of-complicated-anterior-teeth-esthetic-defects-by-combination-of-whole-process-digital-esthetic-rehabilitation-with-periodontic-surgery
#5
Z Li, Y S Liu, H Q Ye, Y S Liu, W J Hu, Y S Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To explore a new method of whole-process digital esthetic prosthodontic rehabilitation combined with periodontic surgery for complicated anterior teeth esthetic defects accompanied by soft tissue morphology, to provide an alternative choice for solving this problem under the guidance of three-dimensional (3D) printing digital dental model and surgical guide, thus completing periodontic surgery and digital esthetic rehabilitation of anterior teeth. METHODS: In this study, 12 patients with complicated esthetic problems accompanied by soft tissue morphology in their anterior teeth were included...
February 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199060/the-virtual-table-a-framework-for-online-teamwork-collaboration-and-communication
#6
Lisa Endersby, Kirstin Phelps, Dan Jenkins
This chapter reviews the complex relationship between technology and leadership, focusing on how technology affects the development and demonstration of skills in communication, teamwork, and collaboration. The chapter also proposes a framework for identifying and assessing key leadership competencies in the digital space.
March 2017: New Directions for Student Leadership
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197620/measuring-practicing-clinicians-information-literacy-an-exploratory-analysis-in-the-context-of-panel-management
#7
Brian E Dixon, Katherine Barboza, Ashley E Jensen, Katelyn J Bennett, Scott E Sherman, Mark D Schwartz
BACKGROUND: As healthcare moves towards technology-driven population health management, clinicians must adopt complex digital platforms to access health information and document care. OBJECTIVES: This study explored information literacy, a set of skills required to effectively navigate population health information systems, among primary care providers in one Veterans' Affairs (VA) medical center. METHODS: Information literacy was assessed during an 8-month randomized trial that tested a population health (panel) management intervention...
February 15, 2017: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197113/what-is-seen-is-who-you-are-are-cues-in-selfie-pictures-related-to-personality-characteristics
#8
Bojan Musil, Andrej Preglej, Tadevž Ropert, Lucia Klasinc, Nenad Č Babič
Developments and innovation in the areas of mobile information technology, digital media and social networks foster new reflections on computer-mediated communication research, especially in the field of self-presentation. In this context, the selfie as a self-portrait photo is interesting, because as a meaningful gesture, it actively and directly relates the content of the photo to the author of the picture. From the perspective of the selfie as an image and the impression it forms, in the first part of the research we explored the distinctive characteristics of selfie pictures; moreover, from the perspective of the potential reflection of a selfie image on the personality of its author, in the second part we related the characteristics of selfie pictures to various personality constructs (e...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196607/development-of-a-model-web-based-system-to-support-a-statewide-quality-consortium-in-radiation-oncology
#9
Jean M Moran, Mary Feng, Lisa A Benedetti, Robin Marsh, Kent A Griffith, Martha M Matuszak, Michael Hess, Matthew McMullen, Jennifer H Fisher, Teamour Nurushev, Margaret Grubb, Stephen Gardner, Daniel Nielsen, Reshma Jagsi, James A Hayman, Lori J Pierce
PURPOSE: A database in which patient data are compiled allows analytic opportunities for continuous improvements in treatment quality and comparative effectiveness research. We describe the development of a novel, web-based system that supports the collection of complex radiation treatment planning information from centers that use diverse techniques, software, and hardware for radiation oncology care in a statewide quality collaborative, the Michigan Radiation Oncology Quality Consortium (MROQC)...
October 20, 2016: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196157/dynamic-documentation-of-the-smile-and-the-2d-3d-digital-smile-design-process
#10
Christian Coachman, Marcelo Alexandre Calamita, Newton Sesma
Medical and dental histories, clinical examination, study models, and photographs provide the data for a proper diagnosis and the treatment plan for esthetic dentistry. However, they do not offer all the information necessary to analyze the smile and create harmony with the lips and face without excessive intraoral adjustments. Dentolabial parameters vary according to lip dynamics and are influenced by both a static posed smile and a smile in motion as captured in video. This article describes a documentation protocol using smartphone videos to improve the analysis, smile design decisions, and elaboration of a 2D smile frame that will guide the 3D digital smile design project...
March 2017: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188419/angiographic-doughnut-shaped-aneurysm-of-intracranial-internal-carotid-artery
#11
Chung-Hsin Lee, Chih-Hsiang Liao, Wen-Hsien Chen, Hsu-Tung Lee, Yuang-Seng Tsuei
Morphologic characteristics of angiographic doughnut-shaped aneurysms of the intracranial internal carotid artery (ICA) have been rarely reported in the literature and were discussed only radiologically. In this case, surgical clipping was performed, and the specimen from the aneurysm was examined to correlate the pathologic findings and morphologic characteristics. A 59-year-old male presented with diffuse subarachnoid hemorrhage secondary to a ruptured vascular lesion originating from the intracranial portion of the right ICA...
February 10, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186873/pre-operative-simulation-of-periacetabular-osteotomy-via-a-three-dimensional-model-constructed-from-salt
#12
Kensuke Fukushima, Naonobu Takahira, Katsufumi Uchiyama, Mitsutoshi Moriya, Masashi Takaso
INTRODUCTION: Periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) is an effective joint-preserving procedure for young adults with developmental dysplasia of the hip. Although PAO provides excellent radiographic and clinical results, it is a technically demanding procedure with a distinct learning curve that requires careful 3D planning and, above all, has a number of potential complications. We therefore developed a pre-operative simulation method for PAO via creation of a new full-scale model. METHODS: The model was prepared from the patient's Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) formatted data from computed tomography (CT), for construction and assembly using 3D printing technology...
2017: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186865/preventing-electromagnetic-pulse-irradiation-damage-on-testis-using-selenium-rich-cordyceps-fungi-a-preclinical-study-in-young-male-mice
#13
Xia Miao, Yafeng Wang, Haiyang Lang, Yanyun Lin, Qiyan Guo, Mingjuan Yang, Juan Guo, Yanjun Zhang, Jie Zhang, Junye Liu, Yaning Liu, Lihua Zeng, Guozhen Guo
Networked 21st century society, globalization, and communications technologies are paralleled by the rise of electromagnetic energy intensity in our environments and the growing pressure of the environtome on human biology and health. The latter is the entire complement of environmental factors, including the electromagnetic energy and the technologies that generate them, enacting on the digital citizen in the new century. Electromagnetic pulse (EMP) irradiation might have serious damaging effects not only on electronic equipment but also in the whole organism and reproductive health, through nonthermal effects and oxidative stress...
February 2017: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168617/an-anatomical-study-of-pneumatized-crista-galli
#14
Ranko Mladina, Romano Antunović, Cemal Cingi, Nuray Bayar Muluk, Neven Skitarelić, Mislav Malić
The literature data on the incidence of pneumatization of the crista galli based on patients' computed tomography (CT) scans ranges from 3 to 37.5%. This study investigated for the first time the incidence of crista galli pneumatization based on CT scans of human skulls. The study examined 102 randomly selected human skulls (≥20 years of age; 76 males, 26 females). Skulls were scanned in a fixed position using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) with a field of view of 145 × 130 mm and an isotropic voxel size of 0...
February 6, 2017: Neurosurgical Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163172/endovascular-management-of-para-prosthetic-aortocaval-fistula-case-report-and-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#15
Claudio Bianchini Massoni, Giulia Rossi, Tiziano Tecchio, Paolo Perini, Antonio Freyrie
The aim of this article is to report a case of asymptomatic para-anastomotic aortocaval fistula (ACF) treated by endovascular aortic repair, and to review data of the literature on arteriovenous fistulae (AVF) secondary to abdominal aortic surgery. A 78-year-old male complained of worsening pain in the right lower limb since 2 months. He presented a history of right femoro-popliteal bypass for peripheral arterial occlusive disease and elective surgical treatment for a non-ruptured infrarenal aortic aneurysm (Dacron tube graft)...
February 2, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162073/real-share-south-west
#16
George Peat
Other organisations bringing together young people with cancer include Real Share South West, which uses social media to encourage peer-to-peer interaction among young people with cancer who live in remote areas. Such online projects demonstrate how the use of social media and video blogging can be a tool for connecting and communicating. Digital communication and support is being used more and more in healthcare and it is a progressive trend that can be life enhancing for young people with cancer.
February 6, 2017: Nursing Children and Young People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161930/electronic-referrals-and-digital-imaging-systems-in-ophthalmology-a-global-perspective
#17
V Swetha E Jeganathan, H Nikki Hall, Roshini Sanders
Ophthalmology departments face intensifying pressure to expedite sight-saving treatments and reduce the global burden of disease. The use of electronic communication systems, digital imaging, and redesigned service care models is imperative for addressing such demands. The recently developed Scottish Eyecare Integration Project involves an electronic referral system from community optometry to the hospital ophthalmology department using National Health Service (NHS) email with digital ophthalmic images attached, via a virtual private network connection...
January 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158214/communicating-about-overdiagnosis-learning-from-community-focus-groups-on-osteoporosis
#18
Ray Moynihan, Rebecca Sims, Jolyn Hersch, Rae Thomas, Paul Glasziou, Kirsten McCaffery
BACKGROUND: Overdiagnosis is considered a risk associated with the diagnosis of osteoporosis-as many people diagnosed won't experience harm from the condition. As yet there's little evidence on community understanding of overdiagnosis outside cancer- where it is an established risk of some screening programs-or effective ways to communicate about it. We examined community understanding around overdiagnosis of osteoporosis, to optimise communication strategies about this problem. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Using a qualitative design we recruited a community sample of women, 50-80 years, from the Gold Coast community around Bond University, Australia, using random digit dialing, and conducted 5 focus groups with 41 women...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157968/receiver-design-for-spad-based-vlc-systems-under-poisson-gaussian-mixed-noise-model
#19
Tianqi Mao, Zhaocheng Wang, Qi Wang
Single-photon avalanche diode (SPAD) is a promising photosensor because of its high sensitivity to optical signals in weak illuminance environment. Recently, it has drawn much attention from researchers in visible light communications (VLC). However, existing literature only deals with the simplified channel model, which only considers the effects of Poisson noise introduced by SPAD, but neglects other noise sources. Specifically, when an analog SPAD detector is applied, there exists Gaussian thermal noise generated by the transimpedance amplifier (TIA) and the digital-to-analog converter (D/A)...
January 23, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156124/a-technique-using-calibrated-photography-and-photoshop-for-accurate-shade-analysis-and-communication
#20
Edward A McLaren, Johan Figueira, Ronald E Goldstein
This article reviews the critical aspects of controlling the shade-taking environment and discusses various modalities introduced throughout the years to acquire and communicate shade information. Demonstrating a highly calibrated digital photographic technique for capturing shade information, this article shows how to use Photoshop® to standardize images and extract color information from the tooth and shade tab for use by a ceramist for an accurate shade-matching restoration.
February 2017: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
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