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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923707/three-dimensional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-quantification-of-glenoid-bone-loss-is-equivalent-to-3-dimensional-computed-tomography-quantification-cadaveric-study
#1
Adam B Yanke, Jason J Shin, Ian Pearson, Bernard R Bach, Anthony A Romeo, Brian J Cole, Nikhil N Verma
PURPOSE: To assess the ability of 3-dimensional (3D) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI, 1.5 and 3 tesla [T]) to quantify glenoid bone loss in a cadaveric model compared with the current gold standard, 3D computed tomography (CT). METHODS: Six cadaveric shoulders were used to create a bone loss model, leaving the surrounding soft tissues intact. The anteroposterior (AP) dimension of the glenoid was measured at the glenoid equator and after soft tissue layer closure the specimen underwent scanning (CT, 1...
December 3, 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920207/vascular-angular-remodeling-by-kissing-y-stenting-in-wide-necked-intracranial-bifurcation-aneurysms
#2
Katharina Melber, Dan Meila, Philipp Draheim, Dominik Grieb, Björn Greling, Martin Schlunz-Hendann, Friedhelm Brassel
INTRODUCTION: Single stent deployment leads to a change in vascular geometry in wide necked bifurcation aneurysms. In some complex cases, the use of the single stent technique might not be sufficient or may not be feasible. The kissing-Y stenting technique appears to be an alternative endovascular treatment option. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of the kissing-Y stenting technique on vascular angular remodeling. METHODS: 21 patients with wide necked intracranial bifurcation aneurysms at different sites (10 anterior communicating artery, 6 middle cerebral artery, 3 basilar artery, 1 vertebral artery/posterior inferior cerebellar artery, 1 internal carotid artery/posterior communicating artery) were treated with 44 closed cell stents (follow-up 2012-2016) using the kissing-Y stenting technique...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919875/the-layered-learning-practice-model-lessons-learned-from-implementation
#3
Nicole R Pinelli, Stephen F Eckel, Maihan B Vu, Morris Weinberger, Mary T Roth
PURPOSE: Pharmacists' views about the implementation, benefits, and attributes of a layered learning practice model (LLPM) were examined. METHODS: Eligible and willing attending pharmacists at the same institution that had implemented an LLPM completed an individual, 90-minute, face-to-face interview using a structured interview guide developed by the interdisciplinary study team. Interviews were digitally recorded and transcribed verbatim without personal identifiers...
December 15, 2016: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918179/mining-big-data-to-extract-patterns-and-predict-real-life-outcomes
#4
Michal Kosinski, Yilun Wang, Himabindu Lakkaraju, Jure Leskovec
This article aims to introduce the reader to essential tools that can be used to obtain insights and build predictive models using large data sets. Recent user proliferation in the digital environment has led to the emergence of large samples containing a wealth of traces of human behaviors, communication, and social interactions. Such samples offer the opportunity to greatly improve our understanding of individuals, groups, and societies, but their analysis presents unique methodological challenges. In this tutorial, we discuss potential sources of such data and explain how to efficiently store them...
December 2016: Psychological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917128/what-role-can-avatars-play-in-e-mental-health-interventions-exploring-new-models-of-client-therapist-interaction
#5
REVIEW
Imogen C Rehm, Emily Foenander, Klaire Wallace, Jo-Anne M Abbott, Michael Kyrios, Neil Thomas
In the burgeoning field of e-mental health interventions, avatars are increasingly being utilized to facilitate online communication between clients and therapists, and among peers. Avatars are digital self-representations, which enable individuals to interact with each other in computer-based virtual environments. In this narrative review, we examine the psychotherapeutic applications of avatars that have been investigated and trialed to date. Five key applications were identified (1) in the formation of online peer support communities; (2) replicating traditional modes of psychotherapy by using avatars as a vehicle to communicate within a wholly virtual environment; (3) using avatar technology to facilitate or augment face-to-face treatment; (4) as part of serious games; and (5) communication with an autonomous virtual therapist...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904452/virtual-modelling-of-novel-applicator-prototypes-for-cervical-cancer-brachytherapy
#6
Primoz Petric, Robert Hudej, Noora Al-Hammadi, Barbara Segedin
BACKGROUND: Standard applicators for cervical cancer Brachytherapy (BT) do not always achieve acceptable balance between target volume and normal tissue irradiation. We aimed to develop an innovative method of Target-volume Density Mapping (TDM) for modelling of novel applicator prototypes with optimal coverage characteristics. Patients and methods. Development of Contour-Analysis Tool 2 (CAT-2) software for TDM generation was the core priority of our task group. Main requests regarding software functionalities were formulated and guided the coding process...
December 1, 2016: Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903195/dosimetric-effects-of-onyx-embolization-on-gamma-knife-arteriovenous-malformation-dose-distributions
#7
David J Schlesinger, Håkan Nordström, Anders Lundin, Zhiyuan Xu, Jason P Sheehan
OBJECTIVE Patients with arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) treated with Gamma Knife radiosurgery (GKRS) subsequent to embolization suffer from elevated local failure rates and differences in adverse radiation effects. Onyx is a common embolic material for AVMs. Onyx is formulated with tantalum, a high atomic number (Z = 73) element that has been investigated as a source of dosimetric uncertainty contributing to the less favorable clinical results. However, prior studies have not modeled the complicated anatomical and beam geometries characteristic of GKRS...
December 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901352/the-social-amplification-of-haze-related-risks-on-the-internet
#8
Mark Chong, Murphy Choy
This study explores the implications of the digital network society for public health communication and management through an empirical study on communication related to the transboundary haze crisis in Singapore. Using the Social Amplification of Risk Framework (SARF), the authors applied sentiment and thematic analysis on haze-related posts on an online discussion forum (HardwareZone) and a social networking site (Facebook), and to haze-related articles in The Straits Times (a newspaper). The study shows that the medium matters in social amplification of risk: Facebook had an effect on the amplification of emotions, while HardwareZone and The Straits Times did not...
November 30, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899794/the-impact-of-digital-technology-on-health-of-populations-affected-by-humanitarian-crises-recent-innovations-and-current-gaps
#9
Sandra Mesmar, Reem Talhouk, Chaza Akik, Patrick Olivier, Imad H Elhajj, Shady Elbassuoni, Sarah Armoush, Joumana Kalot, Madeline Balaam, Aline Germani, Hala Ghattas
Digital technology is increasingly used in humanitarian action and promises to improve the health and social well-being of populations affected by both acute and protracted crises. We set out to (1) review the current landscape of digital technologies used by humanitarian actors and affected populations, (2) examine their impact on health and well-being of affected populations, and (3) consider the opportunities for and challenges faced by users of these technologies. Through a systematic search of academic databases and reports, we identified 50 digital technologies used by humanitarian actors, and/or populations affected by crises...
November 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899268/the-effects-of-the-smart-environment-on-the-information-divide-experienced-by-people-with-disabilities
#10
Su-Jung Nam, Eun-Young Park
BACKGROUND: Information and Communication Technology (ICT) is connected with every aspect of social, cultural, economic, educational, and commercial activity. Smart devices in particular have changed society and are necessary goods for modern people. Smart device usage is rapidly growing in everyday life, so the ability to use a smart device is increasingly important, yet there is little data supporting increased digital inclusion of people with disabilities in mobile device use. OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: This study investigates the effects of the smart environment on the information divide experienced by people with disabilities...
November 16, 2016: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897451/coping-with-loss-mapping-digital-rituals-for-the-expression-of-grief
#11
Fiorenza Gamba
Although death has been frequently discussed in health communication, there has been a lack of research on coping with loss. Nevertheless, there are many websites and social network sites that offer suggestions to people as to how to cope with loss, including sites for support, sharing of experiences, and expressing grief. This article provides a theoretical understanding of grief by considering it as an emotional experience in terms of how it is expressed, its consequences, and the confrontation between the offline and online grief experience...
November 29, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897447/digital-networked-information-society-and-public-health-problems-and-promises-of-networked-health-communication-of-lay-publics
#12
Jeong-Nam Kim
This special issue of Health Communication compiles 10 articles to laud the promise and yet confront the problems in the digital networked information society related to public health. We present this anthology of symphony and cacophony of lay individuals' communicative actions in a digital networked information society. The collection of problems and promise of the new digital world may be a cornerstone joining two worlds-pre- and postdigital network society-and we hope this special issue will help better shape our future states of public health...
November 29, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896894/perspectives-of-resettled-african-refugees-on-accessing-medicines-and-pharmacy-services-in-queensland-australia
#13
Kim Bellamy, Remo Ostini, Nataly Martini, Therese Kairuz
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore the barriers to accessing medicines and pharmacy services among refugees in Queensland, Australia, from the perspectives of resettled African refugees. METHODS: A generic qualitative approach was used in this study. Resettled African refugees were recruited via a purposive snowball sampling method. The researcher collected data from different African refugee communities, specifically those from Sudanese, Congolese and Somalian communities...
November 29, 2016: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895528/nurses-perceptions-of-a-pressure-ulcer-prevention-care-bundle-a-qualitative-descriptive-study
#14
Shelley Roberts, Elizabeth McInnes, Marianne Wallis, Tracey Bucknall, Merrilyn Banks, Wendy Chaboyer
BACKGROUND: Pressure ulcer prevention is a critical patient safety indicator for acute care hospitals. An innovative pressure ulcer prevention care bundle targeting patient participation in their care was recently tested in a cluster randomised trial in eight Australian hospitals. Understanding nurses' perspectives of such an intervention is imperative when interpreting results and translating evidence into practice. As part of a process evaluation for the main trial, this study assessed nurses' perceptions of the usefulness and impact of a pressure ulcer prevention care bundle intervention on clinical practice...
2016: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894477/-telemedicine-cementing-the-nursing-team
#15
Lydie Canipel
Communication technologies have an impact on our healthcare system. We care for human beings in an environment which is now digital and which influences their experience, their treatment and their perception of their disease. Telemedicine will become a key tool for all caregivers. It has no bearing on nurses' skills, but changes the way care is organised, for the benefit of patients as well as healthcare professionals.
November 2016: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882403/-radiological-dose-and-metadata-management
#16
M Walz, M Kolodziej, B Madsack
This article describes the features of management systems currently available in Germany for extraction, registration and evaluation of metadata from radiological examinations, particularly in the digital imaging and communications in medicine (DICOM) environment. In addition, the probable relevant developments in this area concerning radiation protection legislation, terminology, standardization and information technology are presented.
November 23, 2016: Der Radiologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881826/a-soft-wearable-microfluidic-device-for-the-capture-storage-and-colorimetric-sensing-of-sweat
#17
Ahyeon Koh, Daeshik Kang, Yeguang Xue, Seungmin Lee, Rafal M Pielak, Jeonghyun Kim, Taehwan Hwang, Seunghwan Min, Anthony Banks, Philippe Bastien, Megan C Manco, Liang Wang, Kaitlyn R Ammann, Kyung-In Jang, Phillip Won, Seungyong Han, Roozbeh Ghaffari, Ungyu Paik, Marvin J Slepian, Guive Balooch, Yonggang Huang, John A Rogers
Capabilities in health monitoring enabled by capture and quantitative chemical analysis of sweat could complement, or potentially obviate the need for, approaches based on sporadic assessment of blood samples. Established sweat monitoring technologies use simple fabric swatches and are limited to basic analysis in controlled laboratory or hospital settings. We present a collection of materials and device designs for soft, flexible, and stretchable microfluidic systems, including embodiments that integrate wireless communication electronics, which can intimately and robustly bond to the surface of the skin without chemical and mechanical irritation...
November 23, 2016: Science Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875116/toward-a-comprehensive-cure-digital-information-and-communication-technology-is-helping-to-meet-health-care-challenges-in-india
#18
Debdoot Sheet
How would you provide effective and affordable health care in a country of more than 1.25 billion where there are only 0.7 physicians for every 1,000 people [1]? The Revised National Tuberculosis Control Program (RNTCP) and the Karnataka Internet-Assisted Diagnosis of Retinopathy of Prematurity (KIDROP) service are two notable efforts designed to deliver care across India, in both urban and rural areas and from the country?s flat plains to its rugged mountainous and desert regions.
November 2016: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869806/preliminary-efficacy-of-a-brief-family-intervention-to-prevent-declining-quality-of-life-secondary-to-parental-bone-marrow-transplantation
#19
B L Fife, D M Von Ah, M L Spath, M T Weaver, Z Yang, T Stump, S Farag
The primary purpose of this research was to develop and evaluate the efficacy and feasibility of a brief, cost-effective family-focused intervention to promote adaptive coping and quality of life throughout a parent's bone marrow transplantation (BMT). Targeted outcomes were cohesion, decreased use of avoidance coping, open communication and effective management of emotional distress. Participants included an intervention group of 31 families and 29 families in a control group who received usual care. Each family included the BMT recipient, a partner/caregiver and children 10-18 years old...
November 21, 2016: Bone Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868309/an-examination-of-how-alcohol-brands-use-sport-to-engage-consumers-on-social-media
#20
Kate Westberg, Constantino Stavros, Aaron C T Smith, Geoff Munro, Kevin Argus
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: To examine how alcohol brands use sport in their communication activities on social media. Despite extensive research exploring alcohol advertising and sponsorship through sport, minimal attention has been given to digital platforms. DESIGN AND METHODS: This study undertakes a qualitative content analysis to examine the social media activity of alcohol brands sponsoring the three largest spectator sports in Australia: Australian rules football, rugby league and cricket...
November 20, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Review
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