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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432211/recruiting-and-retaining-youth-and-young-adults-challenges-and-opportunities-in-survey-research-for-tobacco-control
#1
Jennifer Cantrell, Elizabeth C Hair, Alexandria Smith, Morgane Bennett, Jessica Miller Rath, Randall K Thomas, Mansour Fahimi, J Michael Dennis, Donna Vallone
INTRODUCTION: Evaluation studies of population-based tobacco control interventions often rely on large-scale survey data from numerous respondents across many geographic areas to provide evidence of their effectiveness. Significant challenges for survey research have emerged with the evolving communications landscape, particularly for surveying hard-to-reach populations such as youth and young adults. This study combines the comprehensive coverage of an address-based sampling (ABS) frame with the timeliness of online data collection to develop a nationally representative longitudinal cohort of young people aged 15-21...
April 21, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430396/patient-and-caregiver-perspectives-on-decision-support-for-symptom-and-quality-of-life-management-during-cancer-treatment-implications-for-ehealth
#2
Mary E Cooley, Manan M Nayak, Janet L Abrahm, Ilana M Braun, Michael S Rabin, Jane Brzozowski, Christopher Lathan, Donna L Berry
OBJECTIVES: Adequate symptom and quality-of-life (SQL) management is a priority during cancer treatment. eHealth is a timely way to enhance patient-engagement, facilitate communication and improve health outcomes. The objectives of this study were to describe patient and caregivers' perspectives for providing, processing and managing SQL data to enhance communication and identify desired components for decision support. METHODS: Data were collected from 64 participants through questionnaires and focus groups...
April 21, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428642/-technology-and-prevention-in-the-era-of-mobile-health-applications-for-cancer-screening-programs
#3
Fabrizio Bert, Maria Rosaria Gualano, Salvatore Clemente, Giulia Villa, Roberta Siliquini
The Italian national health system provides screening to detect breast, colorecatal and cervical cancers, however, population adherence is not as high as expected. Smartphones and their applications (apps) could be used as a tool to communicate with the population and to help improve adherence. The aim of this study was to analyze the features and functions of smartphone applications aimed at secondary prevention of oncological diseases. In February 2016, we reviewed online app stores, using specific key-words, to search for available apps for cancer screening...
January 2017: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424012/internal-carotid-artery-agenesis-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#4
Shuo Li, Kusum Hooda, Nishant Gupta, Yogesh Kumar
Congenital agenesis of the internal carotid artery is a very rare anomaly. Intracranial circulation in the involved internal carotid artery territory is maintained by collateral circulation from the contralateral internal carotid artery through the anterior communicating artery and from the vertebrobasilar system through the posterior communicating artery. Usually, patients with internal carotid artery agenesis are asymptomatic due to collateral circulation, but they may present with headache, seizures, or transient ischemic attack...
April 2017: Neuroradiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422614/electronic-follow-up-of-developing-world-cleft-patients-a-digital-dream
#5
Tom W M Walker, Ambika Chadha, William Rodgers, Caroline Mills, Peter Ayliffe
OBJECTIVE: To identify potential access to telemedicine follow-up of children with clefts operated on a humanitarian mission. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of parents of children presenting to a humanitarian cleft lip and palate mission in a Provincial Hospital in the Philippines. A purpose designed questionnaire was used to assess access to electronic and digital resources that could be used to aid follow-up. Forty-five (N = 45) parents of children having primary cleft lip and or palate surgery participated...
April 19, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421566/precision-global-health-in-the-digital-age
#6
Antoine Flahault, Antoine Geissbuhler, Idris Guessous, Philippe Guérin, Isabelle Bolon, Marcel Salathé, Gérard Escher
Precision global health is an approach similar to precision medicine, which facilitates, through innovation and technology, better targeting of public health interventions on a global scale, for the purpose of maximising their effectiveness and relevance. Illustrative examples include: the use of remote sensing data to fight vector-borne diseases; large databases of genomic sequences of foodborne pathogens helping to identify origins of outbreaks; social networks and internet search engines for tracking communicable diseases; cell phone data in humanitarian actions; drones to deliver healthcare services in remote and secluded areas...
April 19, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420104/low-power-near-field-communication-methods-for-rfid-applications-of-sim-cards
#7
Yicheng Chen, Zhaoxia Zheng, Mingyang Gong, Fengqi Yu
Power consumption and communication distance have become crucial challenges for SIM card RFID (radio frequency identification) applications. The combination of long distance 2.45 GHz radio frequency (RF) technology and low power 2 kHz near distance communication is a workable scheme. In this paper, an ultra-low frequency 2 kHz near field communication (NFC) method suitable for SIM cards is proposed and verified in silicon. The low frequency transmission model based on electromagnetic induction is discussed...
April 14, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412924/neurons-vs-germline-a-war-of-hormetic-tradeoffs
#8
Marios Kyriazis
The process of human ageing is significantly dependent upon events which are currently shaping humanity. One such event is the seemingly inexorable progress of technology, and specifically, digital communications technology. Technology and biology are tightly interconnected, and this has a direct relevance on how our own ageing mechanisms are evolving and adapting to the change. One way technology may affect biological ageing is based on the concept of information exposure which acts as a hormetic stimulus and up-regulates neuronal stress response pathways...
April 13, 2017: Current Aging Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411393/global-exosome-transcriptome-profiling-reveals-biomarkers-for-multiple-sclerosis
#9
Igor Selmaj, Maria Cichalewska, Magdalena Namiecinska, Grazyna Galazka, Wojciech Horzelski, Krzysztof W Selmaj, Marcin P Mycko
OBJECTIVE: Accumulating evidence supports a role for exosomes in immune regulation. In this study, we investigated the total circulating exosome transcriptome in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis patients (RRMS) and healthy controls (HC). METHODS: Next generation sequencing (NGS) was used to define the global RNA profile of serum exosomes in 19 RRMS patients (9 in relapse, 10 in remission) and 10 HC. We analyzed 5 million reads and over 50,000 transcripts per sample, including a detailed analysis of microRNA (miRNA) differentially expressed in RRMS...
April 15, 2017: Annals of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405898/current-smokers-preferences-for-receiving-cessation-information-in-a-lung-cancer-screening-setting
#10
Lisa Carter-Harris, Rhonda Schwindt, Giorgos Bakoyannis, DuyKhanh Pham Ceppa, Susan M Rawl
The purpose of this study was to identify current smokers' communication format preferences for receiving smoking cessation information in a lung cancer screening setting. A cross-sectional correlational design using survey methodology with 159 screening-eligible current smokers was the method used. Data was dichotomized (digital versus traditional preference) and analyzed using Pearson's chi-squared test, Mann-Whitney U test, and logistic regression. Race was a statistically significant predictor with White participants having four times greater odds of reporting preference for a digital format for receiving smoking cessation information such as social media and/or supportive text messages (OR: 4...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404541/making-air-pollution-visible-a-tool-for-promoting-environmental-health-literacy
#11
Ekaterina Galkina Cleary, Allison P Patton, Hsin-Ching Wu, Alan Xie, Joseph Stubblefield, William Mass, Georges Grinstein, Susan Koch-Weser, Doug Brugge, Carolyn Wong
BACKGROUND: Digital maps are instrumental in conveying information about environmental hazards geographically. For laypersons, computer-based maps can serve as tools to promote environmental health literacy about invisible traffic-related air pollution and ultrafine particles. Concentrations of these pollutants are higher near major roadways and increasingly linked to adverse health effects. Interactive computer maps provide visualizations that can allow users to build mental models of the spatial distribution of ultrafine particles in a community and learn about the risk of exposure in a geographic context...
April 12, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399157/a-multi-pattern-hash-binary-hybrid-algorithm-for-url-matching-in-the-http-protocol
#12
Ping Zeng, Qingping Tan, Xiankai Meng, Zeming Shao, Qinzheng Xie, Ying Yan, Wei Cao, Jianjun Xu
In this paper, based on our previous multi-pattern uniform resource locator (URL) binary-matching algorithm called HEM, we propose an improved multi-pattern matching algorithm called MH that is based on hash tables and binary tables. The MH algorithm can be applied to the fields of network security, data analysis, load balancing, cloud robotic communications, and so on-all of which require string matching from a fixed starting position. Our approach effectively solves the performance problems of the classical multi-pattern matching algorithms...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396302/development-and-testing-of-the-myhealthypregnancy-app-a-behavioral-decision-research-based-tool-for-assessing-and-communicating-pregnancy-risk
#13
Tamar Krishnamurti, Alexander L Davis, Gabrielle Wong-Parodi, Baruch Fischhoff, Yoel Sadovsky, Hyagriv N Simhan
BACKGROUND: Despite significant advances in medical interventions and health care delivery, preterm births in the United States are on the rise. Existing research has identified important, seemingly simple precautions that could significantly reduce preterm birth risk. However, it has proven difficult to communicate even these simple recommendations to women in need of them. Our objective was to draw on methods from behavioral decision research to develop a personalized smartphone app-based medical communication tool to assess and communicate pregnancy risks related to preterm birth...
April 10, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396301/timely-digital-patient-clinician-communication-in-specialist-clinical-services-for-young-people-a-mixed-methods-study-the-lync-study
#14
Frances Griffiths, Carol Bryce, Jonathan Cave, Melina Dritsaki, Joseph Fraser, Kathryn Hamilton, Caroline Huxley, Agnieszka Ignatowicz, Sung Wook Kim, Peter K Kimani, Jason Madan, Anne-Marie Slowther, Mark Sujan, Jackie Sturt
BACKGROUND: Young people (aged 16-24 years) with long-term health conditions can disengage from health services, resulting in poor health outcomes, but clinicians in the UK National Health Service (NHS) are using digital communication to try to improve engagement. Evidence of effectiveness of this digital communication is equivocal. There are gaps in evidence as to how it might work, its cost, and ethical and safety issues. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to understand how the use of digital communication between young people with long-term conditions and their NHS specialist clinicians changes engagement of the young people with their health care; and to identify costs and necessary safeguards...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380948/digital-radio-over-fiber-system-with-multi-pulse-manchester-encoding-assisted-delta-sigma-modulation
#15
Seunghyun Jang, Bonghyuk Park, Songcheol Hong
Two ∆Σ-modulated digital radio-over-fiber (DRoF) transmission systems that employ a multi-pulse Manchester encoder are proposed and experimentally evaluated. With a two-step modulation process comprised of ∆Σ modulation and multi-pulse Manchester encoding, a high frequency replica or image of a ∆Σ-digitized analog communication signal can be transmitted without significant power loss. This is achieved by exploiting the spectral characteristics of the modified Manchester code. For comparative analysis, a conventional ∆Σ-modulation-based DRoF system is also evaluated...
April 3, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380804/digital-back-propagation-for-nonlinearity-mitigation-in-distributed-raman-amplified-links
#16
Gabriel Saavedra, Daniel Semrau, Lidia Galdino, Robert I Killey, Polina Bayvel
The performance of digital back-propagation (DBP) for distributed Raman amplified optical communication systems is evaluated through analytical models and numerical simulations, and is compared with conventional lumped amplifier solutions, such as EDFA. The complexity of the DBP algorithm including the characteristic signal power profile of distributed Raman amplifiers is assessed. The use of full-field DBP in distributed Raman amplified systems leads to 1.3 dB additional gain with respect to systems employing lumped amplification, at the cost of only a 25% increase in complexity...
March 6, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375826/-you-get-old-you-get-invisible-social-isolation-and-the-challenge-of-communicating-with-aging-women
#17
Tammy J Walkner, Andrea M Weare, Melissa Tully
Social isolation is a problem facing many older women. Isolation can contribute to poor health as adults age without social support. Increased and tailored communication offers service organizations more opportunities to provide social support to these adults. This research examines perceptions of aging to explore communication behaviors, barriers, and opportunities for improved communication and service provision for aging women. Using data from focus groups and interviews, this study finds that participants from community organizations rely on word of mouth and traditional media to communicate with their aging constituents, despite opportunities to use digital communication and to develop communication plans for this population...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374841/artificial-spatiotemporal-touch-inputs-reveal-complementary-decoding-in-neocortical-neurons
#18
Calogero M Oddo, Alberto Mazzoni, Anton Spanne, Jonas M D Enander, Hannes Mogensen, Fredrik Bengtsson, Domenico Camboni, Silvestro Micera, Henrik Jörntell
Investigations of the mechanisms of touch perception and decoding has been hampered by difficulties in achieving invariant patterns of skin sensor activation. To obtain reproducible spatiotemporal patterns of activation of sensory afferents, we used an artificial fingertip equipped with an array of neuromorphic sensors. The artificial fingertip was used to transduce real-world haptic stimuli into spatiotemporal patterns of spikes. These spike patterns were delivered to the skin afferents of the second digit of rats via an array of stimulation electrodes...
April 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372145/receiver-design-for-spread-spectrum-communications-with-a-small-spread-in-underwater-clustered-multipath-channels
#19
Xiaoyan Kuai, Shengli Zhou, Zhaohui Wang, En Cheng
This paper studies a direct-sequence spread-spectrum communication system with a small spreading factor (e.g., a single digit) in underwater acoustic multipath channels. Exploiting the channel characteristics that the propagation paths can be grouped into distinct clusters, a receiver with a set of parallel branches is proposed, where per-survivor processing (PSP) is applied on each branch to deal with the signal from one cluster while explicitly treating the signals from other clusters as structured interference...
March 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370260/a-systematic-review-of-social-media-in-nursing-and-midwifery-education-protocol
#20
Siobhan O'Connor, Sarah Jolliffe, Emma Stanmore, Laoise Renwick, Terri Schmitt, Richard Booth
AIM: To synthesise evidence on the use of social media in nursing and midwifery education. BACKGROUND: Social media is one type of online platform that is being explored to determine if there is value in using interactive, digital communication tools to support how nurses and midwives learn in a variety of settings. DESIGN: A sequential explanatory synthesis approach will be used for this mixed study review. METHOD: Five bibliographic databases; PubMed, MEDLINE, CINAHL, Scopus and ERIC will be searched using a combination of keywords relevant to social networking and social media, nursing and midwifery and education...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
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